Results for 'cognitive disorder'

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  1. Reducing Spatial Neglect by Visual and Other Sensory Manipulations: Non-Cognitive (Physiological) Routes to the Rehabilitation of a Cognitive Disorder.Y. Rossetti & G. Rode - 2002 - In Hans-Otto Karnath, David Milner & Giuseppe Vallar (eds.), The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect. Oxford University Press. pp. 375--396.
     
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  2.  23
    Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Its Clinical Translation.Katya Rubia - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  3.  14
    Group Cognitive-Behavior Therapy or Group Metacognitive Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? Benchmarking and Comparative Effectiveness in a Routine Clinical Service.Costas Papageorgiou, Karen Carlile, Sue Thorgaard, Howard Waring, Justin Haslam, Louise Horne & Adrian Wells - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  4. Social, Cognitive, and Neural Constraints on Subjectivity and Agency: Implications for Dissociative Identity Disorder.Peter Q. Deeley - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (2):161-167.
  5.  15
    Cognitive Biases in Processing Infant Emotion by Women with Depression, Anxiety and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Pregnancy or After Birth: A Systematic Review.Rebecca Webb & Susan Ayers - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (7):1278-1294.
  6.  6
    Commentary: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Vs. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Treating Panic Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Giampaolo Perna, Erika Sangiorgio, Massimiliano Grassi & Daniela Caldirola - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  7.  63
    Cognitive Abnormalities in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.R. Mcnally - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (6):271-277.
  8.  22
    A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia.Karina S. Blair & R. J. R. Blair - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):133-138.
    Generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia are major anxiety disorders identified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition. They are comorbid, overlap in symptoms, yet present with distinct features. Both have also been explained in terms of conditioning-based models. However, there is little reasoning currently to believe that GAD in adulthood reflects heightened conditionability or heightened threat processing—though patients with SP may show heightened processing of social threat stimuli. Moreover, the computational architectures that maintain these (...)
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  9.  16
    Personalized Cognitive Training in Unipolar and Bipolar Disorder: A Study of Cognitive Functioning.Marek Preiss, Evelyn Shatil, Radka Čermáková, Dominika Cimermanová & Ilana Ram - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  10.  20
    The Relationship Between Posttraumatic Cognitive Change, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Posttraumatic Growth Among Chinese Adolescents After the Yancheng Tornado: The Mediating Effect of Rumination.Yi Zhang, Wei Xu, Guangzhe Yuan & Yuanyuan An - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  11. Cognitive and Neuroscience Aspects of Thought Disorder.Peter Bachman, Tyrone D. Cannon & Editors - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 493--526.
  12.  26
    The Neural Bases of Cognitive Processes in Gambling Disorder.Marc N. Potenza - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (8):429-438.
  13.  7
    Cognitive Control and Cortisol Response to Stress in Generalised Anxiety Disorder: A Study of Working Memory Capacity with Negative and Neutral Distractors.Joelle LeMoult, Randi E. McCabe, Atayeh Hamedani & K. Lira Yoon - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (4):800-806.
    We investigated the association between cognitive control and individual differences in cortisol response to stress in participants with generalised anxiety disorder and in never-disordered c...
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  14. Cognitive Impairment in Adolescent Major Depressive Disorder With Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Evidence Based on Multi-Indicator ERPs.Yujiao Wen, Xuemin Zhang, Yifan Xu, Dan Qiao, Shanshan Guo, Ning Sun, Chunxia Yang, Min Han & Zhifen Liu - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    The lifetime prevalence of major depressive disorder in adolescents is reported to be as high as 20%; thus, MDD constitutes a significant social and public health burden. MDD is often associated with nonsuicidal self-injury behavior, but the contributing factors including cognitive function have not been investigated in detail. To this end, the present study evaluated cognitive impairment and psychosocial factors in associated with MDD with NSSI behavior. Eighteen and 21 drug-naïve patients with first-episode MDD with or without (...)
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  15.  7
    The Effects of Cognitive Load on Attention Control in Subclinical Anxiety and Generalised Anxiety Disorder.Sadia Najmi, Nader Amir, Kristen E. Frosio & Catherine Ayers - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (7):1210-1223.
  16. Cognitive-Behavioural Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Awareness Under Anaesthesia: A Case Study.Reginald D. V. Nixon, Richard A. Bryant & Michelle L. Moulds - 2006 - Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 34 (1):113-118.
     
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  17.  6
    Neural Network Modelling of Cognitive Disinhibition and Neurotransmitter Dysfunction in Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder.Jacques Ludik & Danj Stein - 1998 - In Dan J. Stein & J. Ludick (eds.), Neural Networks and Psychopathology. Cambridge University Press.
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  18.  46
    Cognitive Psychology and Hermeneutics: Two Approaches to Meaning and Mental Disorder.Guy Widdershoven - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (4):245-253.
  19.  63
    Depersonalization Disorder, Affective Processing and Predictive Coding.Philip Gerrans - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (2):401-418.
    A flood of new multidisciplinary work on the causes of depersonalization disorder provides a new way to think about the feeling that experiences “belong” to the self. In this paper I argue that this feeling, baptized “mineness” or “subjective presence” : 565–573, 2013) emerges from a multilevel interaction between emotional, affective and cognitive processing. The “self” to which experience is attributed is a predictive model made by the mind to explain the modulation of affect as the organism progresses (...)
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  20.  7
    Cognitive Control as a 5-HT1A-Based Domain That Is Disrupted in Major Depressive Disorder.Scott A. Langenecker, Brian J. Mickey, Peter Eichhammer, Srijan Sen, Kathleen H. Elverman, Susan E. Kennedy, Mary M. Heitzeg, Saulo M. Ribeiro, Tiffany M. Love, David T. Hsu, Robert A. Koeppe, Stanley J. Watson, Huda Akil, David Goldman, Margit Burmeister & Jon-Kar Zubieta - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  21.  10
    Cognitive Flexibility Mediates the Relation Between Intolerance of Uncertainty and Safety Signal Responding in Those with Panic Disorder.Lynne Lieberman, Stephanie M. Gorka, Casey Sarapas & Stewart A. Shankman - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  22. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. In van der Kolk BA, McFarlane AC, Weisaeth L (Eds): Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind.B. O. Rothbaum & E. B. Foa - 1996 - Body and Society. New York, Guilford Press 491.
  23. Cognitive Performance in Early-Onset Schizophrenia and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A 25-Year Follow-Up Study.Merete G. Øie, Kjetil Sundet, Elisabeth Haug, Pål Zeiner, Ole Klungsøyr & Bjørn R. Rund - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Early-Onset Schizophrenia and Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder are early- onset neurodevelopmental disorders associated with cognitive deficits. The current study represents the first attempt to compare these groups on a comprehensive cognitive test battery in a longitudinal design over 25 years in order to enhance our knowledge of particular patterns resulting from the interaction between normal maturational processes and different illness processes of these disorders. In the baseline study, 19 adolescents with schizophrenia were compared to 20 adolescents with ADHD (...)
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  24.  16
    Mental Disorder or Creative Gift? The Cognitive Scientific Approach to Synesthesia.Józef Bremer - 2015 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (1):73-98.
    In cases where one sense-modality is stimulated by another, we speak of synesthesia, i.e., of a subjective experience of multiple distinct sensations as being quite literally conjoined. The term “synesthesia” is derived indirectly from the Greek words “syn,” meaning “together,” and “aisthesis,” meaning “sensation.” This article focuses on the question of whether synesthesia is in fact a mental disorder or a creative gift. Both the commonsense views that have emerged in recent times, and neurological research, demonstrate that our knowledge (...)
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  25.  26
    Social Cognition, Mindreading and Narratives. A Cognitive Semiotics Perspective on Narrative Practices From Early Mindreading to Autism Spectrum Disorder.Claudio Paolucci - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):375-400.
    Understanding social cognition referring to narratives without relying on mindreading skills has been the main aim of the Narrative Practice Hypothesis proposed by Daniel Hutto and Shaun Gallagher. In this paper, I offer a semiotic reformulation of the NPH, expanding the notion of narrative beyond its conventional common-sense understanding and claiming that the kind of social cognition that operates in implicit false belief task competency is developed out of the narrative logic of interaction. I will try to show how experience (...)
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  26.  63
    Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder as a Disorder of Attention.Neil Levy - 2018 - Mind and Language 33 (1):3-16.
    An influential model holds that obsessive–compulsive disorder is caused by distinctive personality traits and belief biases. But a substantial number of sufferers do not manifest these traits. I propose a predictive coding account of the disorder, which explains both the symptoms and the cognitive traits. On this account, OCD centrally involves heightened and dysfunctionally focused attention to normally unattended sensory and motor representations. As these representations have contents that predict catastrophic outcomes, patients are disposed to engage in (...)
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  27. The Evolutionary Psychology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: The Role of Cognitive Metarepresentation.Martin Brune - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (3):317-329.
  28.  3
    Cognitive Remediation Interventions for Gambling Disorder: A Systematic Review.Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Mélanie Bruneau, Caroline Victorri-Vigneau & Marie Grall-Bronnec - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  29.  47
    Intuitive Expectations and the Detection of Mental Disorder: A Cognitive Background to Folk-Psychiatries.Pascal Boyer - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):95-118.
    How do people detect mental dysfunction? What is the influence of cultural models of dysfunction on this detection process? The detection process as such is not usually researched as it falls between the domains of cross-cultural psychiatry and anthropological ethno-psychiatry . I provide a general model for this “missing link” between behavior and cultural models, grounded in empirical evidence for intuitive psychology. Normal adult minds entertain specific intuitive expectations about mental function and behavior, and by implication they infer that specific (...)
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  30.  20
    The Role of Working Memory for Cognitive Control in Anorexia Nervosa Versus Substance Use Disorder.Samantha J. Brooks, Sabina G. Funk, Susanne Y. Young & Helgi B. Schiöth - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  31.  7
    Relationship Between Cognitive Fusion, Experiential Avoidance, and Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms in Patients With Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder.Ai Xiong, Xiong Lai, Siliang Wu, Xin Yuan, Jun Tang, Jinyuan Chen, Yang Liu & Maorong Hu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: This study aimed to explore the relationship among cognitive fusion, experiential avoidance, and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder.Methods: A total of 118 outpatient and inpatient patients with OCD and 109 healthy participants, gender- and age-matched, were selected using cognitive fusion questionnaire, acceptance and action questionnaire−2nd edition, Yale–Brown scale for obsessive–compulsive symptoms, Hamilton anxiety scale, and Hamilton depression scale for questionnaire testing and data analysis.Results: The levels of cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance in the (...)
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  32.  1
    Toward a Socio-Material Approach to Cognitive Empathy in Autistic Spectrum Disorder.Antonella Marchetti, Laura Miraglia & Cinzia Di Dio - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  33.  15
    The Impact of Poor Motor Skills on Perceptual, Social and Cognitive Development: The Case of Developmental Coordination Disorder.Hayley C. Leonard - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  34.  12
    Individual Differences in Resting Heart Rate Variability and Cognitive Control in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.Brandon L. Gillie & Julian F. Thayer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  35.  31
    An Ideal Disorder? Autism as a Psychiatric Kind.Daniel A. Weiskopf - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (2):175-190.
    In recent decades, attempts to explain autism have been frustrated by the heterogeneous nature of its behavioral symptoms and the underlying genetic, neural, and cognitive mechanisms that produce them. This has led some to propose eliminating the category altogether. The eliminativist inference relies on a conception of psychiatric categories as kinds defined by their underlying mechanistic structure. I review the evidence for eliminativism and propose an alternative model of the family of autisms. On this account, autism is a network (...)
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  36.  1
    Corrigendum: Pragmatic Language Disorder in Parkinson's Disease and the Potential Effect of Cognitive Reserve.Sonia Montemurro, Sara Mondini, Matteo Signorini, Anna Marchetto, Valentina Bambini & Giorgio Arcara - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  37.  2
    Pragmatic Language Disorder in Parkinson’s Disease and the Potential Effect of Cognitive Reserve.Sonia Montemurro, Sara Mondini, Matteo Signorini, Anna Marchetto, Valentina Bambini & Giorgio Arcara - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  38.  19
    Emotion Regulation Characteristics and Cognitive Vulnerabilities Interact to Predict Depressive Symptoms in Individuals at Risk for Bipolar Disorder: A Prospective Behavioural High-Risk Study.Jonathan P. Stange, Angelo S. Boccia, Benjamin G. Shapero, Ashleigh R. Molz, Megan Flynn, Lindsey M. Matt, Lyn Y. Abramson & Lauren B. Alloy - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):63-84.
  39.  45
    Agency and Mental States in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.Judit Szalai - 2016 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 23 (1):47-59.
    The dominant philosophical conceptions of obsessive-compulsive behavior present its subject as having a deficiency, usually characterized as volitional, due to which she lacks control and choice in acting. Compulsions (mental or physical) tend to be treated in isolation from the obsessive thoughts that give rise to them. I offer a different picture of compulsive action, one that is, I believe, more faithful to clinical reality. The clue to (most) obsessive-compulsive behavior seems to be the way obsessive thoughts, which are grounded (...)
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  40.  76
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Online Intelligence: A Phenomenological Account of Why Worrying is Unhelpful.Gerben Meynen - 2011 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6:7-.
    Worrying is the central feature of generalized anxiety disorder . Many people worry from time to time, but in GAD the worrying is prolonged and difficult to control. Worrying is a specific way of coping with perceived threats and feared situations. Meanwhile, it is not considered to be a helpful coping strategy, and the phenomenological account developed in this paper aims to show why. It builds on several phenomenological notions and in particular on Michael Wheeler's application of these notions (...)
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  41.  13
    Perceptual and Cognitive Biases in Individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms.Elise M. Clerkin & Bethany A. Teachman - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1327-1339.
  42.  2
    Dissociating Profiles of Social Cognitive Disturbances Between Mixed Personality and Anxiety Disorder.Kristína Czekóová, Daniel Joel Shaw, Zuzana Pokorná & Milan Brázdil - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  43.  8
    Atypical Frontotemporal Connectivity of Cognitive Empathy in Male Adolescents With Conduct Disorder.Daifeng Dong, Yali Jiang, Yidian Gao, Qingsen Ming, Xiang Wang & Shuqiao Yao - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44.  8
    Response: Commentary: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Vs. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Treating Panic Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Ferdinand Horst, Brenda Den Oudsten, Wobbe Zijlstra, Ad de Jongh, Jill Lobbestael & Jolanda De Vries - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  45.  23
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Pathology of Self-Confidence?Julian Kiverstein, Erik Rietveld, Heleen A. Slagter & Damiaan Denys - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (5):369-372.
  46. Cognitive Enhancement, Lifestyle Choice or Misuse of Prescription Drugs?Eric Racine & Cynthia Forlini - 2010 - Neuroethics 3 (1):1-4.
    The prospects of enhancing cognitive or motor functions using neuroscience in otherwise healthy individuals has attracted considerable attention and interest in neuroethics (Farah et al., Nature Reviews Neuroscience 5:421–425, 2004; Glannon Journal of Medical Ethics 32:74–78, 2006). The use of stimulants is one of the areas which has propelled the discussion on the potential for neuroscience to yield cognition-enhancing products. However, we have found in our review of the literature that the paradigms used to discuss the non-medical use of (...)
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  47. The Deficit of Early Selective Attention in Adults With Sluggish Cognitive Tempo: In Comparison With Those With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.Yelin Park & Jang-Han Lee - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Sluggish cognitive tempo is a cluster of attentional symptoms characterized by slow information processing and behavior, distractibility, mental confusion, absent-mindedness, and hypoactivity. The present study aimed to compare early and late selective attention in the information processing speed of adults with SCT to those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and adults without any attentional problems. The participants were screened using Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale-IV and divided into the following groups: SCT, ADHD, and controls. All participants completed the irrelevant distractor (...)
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  48. Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science.Keith Stenning & Michiel van Lambalgen - 2008 - Boston, USA: MIT Press.
    In the late summer of 1998, the authors, a cognitive scientist and a logician, started talking about the relevance of modern mathematical logic to the study of human reasoning, and we have been talking ever since. This book is an interim report of that conversation. It argues that results such as those on the Wason selection task, purportedly showing the irrelevance of formal logic to actual human reasoning, have been widely misinterpreted, mainly because the picture of logic current in (...)
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  49.  42
    Mood Disorder and Abnormal Cingulate Cortex.R. J. Dolan - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (8):283-284.
  50.  58
    A Dynamic Developmental Theory of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Predominantly Hyperactive/Impulsive and Combined Subtypes.Terje Sagvolden, Espen Borgå Johansen, Heidi Aase & Vivienne Ann Russell - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):397-419.
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is currently defined as a cognitive/behavioral developmental disorder where all clinical criteria are behavioral. Inattentiveness, overactivity, and impulsiveness are presently regarded as the main clinical symptoms. The dynamic developmental behavioral theory is based on the hypothesis that altered dopaminergic function plays a pivotal role by failing to modulate nondopaminergic (primarily glutamate and GABA) signal transmission appropriately. A hypofunctioning mesolimbic dopamine branch produces altered reinforcement of behavior and deficient extinction of previously reinforced behavior. This gives (...)
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