Results for 'context-dependent rights'

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  1.  93
    Why Universal Welfare Rights Are Impossible and What It Means.Danny Frederick - 2010 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9 (4):428-445.
    Cranston argued that scarcity makes universal welfare rights impossible. After showing that this argument cannot be avoided by denying scarcity, I consider four challenges to the argument which accept the possibility of conflicts between the duties implied by rights. The first denies the agglomeration principle; the second embraces conflicts of duties; the third affirms the violability of all rights-based duties; and the fourth denies that duties to compensate are overriding. I argue that all four challenges to the (...)
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  2.  36
    Is Context-Based Choice Due to Context-Dependent Preferences?Kobi Kriesler & Shmuel Nitzan - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (1):65-80.
    The rationalization of context-based choice is usually based on the assumption that preferences are context-dependent. In this paper, we show that context-based choice can be due to the characteristics of the choice procedure applied by the individual and not to the dependence of preferences (stochastic or deterministic) on the context. Our arguments are illustrated focusing on the much-studied dominated-alternative effects.
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  3.  31
    From “Either-Or” to “When and How”: A Context-Dependent Model of Culture in Action.Corey M. Abramson - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (2):155-180.
    In this article, I outline a framework for the sociological study of culture that connects three intertwined elements of human culture and demonstrates the concrete contexts under which each most critically influences actions and their subsequent outcomes. In contrast to models that cast motivations, resources, and meanings as competing explanations of how culture affects action, I argue that these are fundamental constituent elements of culture that are inseparable, interdependent, and simultaneously operative. Which element provides the strongest link to action, and (...)
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  4.  18
    Context-Dependent and Epistemic Uses of Attention for Perceptual-Demonstrative Identification.Nicolas J. Bullot - 2005 - In B. Kokinov A. Dey (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 69--82.
    Object identification via a perceptual-demonstrative mode of presentation has been studied in cognitive science as a particularly direct and context-dependent means of identifying objects. Several recent works in cognitive science have attempted to clarify the relation between attention, demonstrative identification and context exploration. Assuming a distinction between ‘ demonstrative reference' and ‘perceptual-demonstrative identification', this article aims at specifying the role of attention in the latter and in the linking of conceptual and non conceptual contents while exploring a spatial context. (...)
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  5.  13
    I Like You, I Like You Not: Understanding the Formation of Context-Dependent Automatic Attitudes.Robert J. Rydell & Bertram Gawronski - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1118-1152.
    (2009). I like you, I like you not: Understanding the formation of context-dependent automatic attitudes. Cognition & Emotion: Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 1118-1152.
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  6. Non-Kolmogorovian Approach to the Context-Dependent Systems Breaking the Classical Probability Law.Masanari Asano, Irina Basieva, Andrei Khrennikov, Masanori Ohya & Ichiro Yamato - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (7):895-911.
    There exist several phenomena breaking the classical probability laws. The systems related to such phenomena are context-dependent, so that they are adaptive to other systems. In this paper, we present a new mathematical formalism to compute the joint probability distribution for two event-systems by using concepts of the adaptive dynamics and quantum information theory, e.g., quantum channels and liftings. In physics the basic example of the context-dependent phenomena is the famous double-slit experiment. Recently similar examples have been found (...)
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  7.  1
    Context-Dependent Brightness Priming Occurs Without Visual Awareness.Marjan Persuh & Tony Ro - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):177-185.
    Our visual systems account for stimulus context in brightness perception, but whether such adjustments occur for stimuli that we are unaware of has not been established. We therefore assessed whether stimulus context influences brightness processing by measuring unconscious priming with metacontrast masking. When a middle-gray disk was presented on a darker background, such that it could be consciously perceived as brighter via simultaneous brightness contrast , reaction times were significantly faster to a bright annulus than to a dark annulus. We (...)
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  8. What If All Truth is Context-Dependent?Bruce Edmonds - unknown
    This paper argues that truth is by nature context-dependent – that no truth can be applied regardless of context. I call this “strong contextualism”. Some objections to this are considered and rejected, principally: that there are universal truths given to us by physics, logic and mathematics; and that claiming “no truths are universal” is self-defeating. Two “models” of truth are suggested to indicate that strong contextualism is coherent. It is suggested that some of the utility of the “universal framework” (...)
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  9.  2
    Context-Dependent Effect of Mood: The Regulatory Role of Personality.Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska & Dominika Zajusz-Gawędzka - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (1):144-150.
    This study explored the influence of the context-dependent effect of mood as well as individual differences in neuroticism and action vs. state/volatility orientation on predecisional processing in a multiattribute choice task. One hundred and twenty participants acquired information about choice options after filling out personality questionnaires. Results showed that participants in a positive mood processed the information longer in enjoy than in done-enough context. In turn, participants in a negative mood processed the information more selectively in enjoy than in (...)
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  10.  12
    Cut Elimination for a Calculus with Context-Dependent Rules.Birgit Elbl - 2001 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 40 (3):167-188.
    Context-dependent rules are an obstacle to cut elimination. Turning to a generalised sequent style formulation using deep inferences is helpful, and for the calculus presented here it is essential. Cut elimination is shown for a substructural, multiplicative, pure propositional calculus. Moreover we consider the extra problems induced by non-logical axioms and extend the results to additive connectives and quantifiers.
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  11.  14
    Mathematical Knowledge is Context Dependent.Benedikt Löwe & Thomas Müller - 2008 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 76 (1):91-107.
    We argue that mathematical knowledge is context dependent. Our main argument is that on pain of distorting mathematical practice, one must analyse the notion of having available a proof, which supplies justification in mathematics, in a context dependent way.
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  12.  3
    Context-Dependent Feature Discovery is Evidence That the Coordination of Function is a Basic Cognitive Capacity.W. A. Phillips - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):34-35.
    Schyns et al. make a strong case for context-dependent feature discovery. The features computed from specialized and diverse data-sets help to coordinate their activity by adapting so as to emphasize what is related across sets. Their perspective can be strengthened and extended by formal arguments for the contextual guidance of learning and processing and by neurobiological and psychological evidence of structures and processes that implement this guidance.
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  13.  45
    Context-Dependent Abduction and Relevance.Dov Gabbay, Rolf Nossum & John Woods - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (1):65-81.
    Based on the premise that what is relevant, consistent, or true may change from context to context, a formal framework of relevance and context is proposed in which • contexts are mathematical entities • each context has its own language with relevant implication • the languages of distinct contexts are connected by embeddings • inter-context deduction is supported by bridge rules • databases are sets of formulae tagged with deductive histories and the contexts they belong to • abduction and revision (...)
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  14.  25
    Rethinking Accountability in the Context of Human Rights.Eva Erman - 2006 - Res Publica 12 (3):249-275.
    Within liberal democratic theory, ‘democratic accountability’ denotes an aggregative method for linking political decisions to citizens’ preferences through representative institutions. Could such a notion be transferred to the global context of human rights? Various obstacles seem to block such a transfer: there are no ‘world citizens’ as such; many people in need of human rights are not citizens of constitutional democratic states; and the aggregative methods that are supposed to sustain the link are often used in favour of (...)
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  15.  5
    The European Court of Human Rights' Lautsi Decision: Context, Contents, Consequences.Gabriel Andreescu & Liviu Andreescu - 2010 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9 (26):47-74.
    The paper discusses the context, substance and likely implications of the European Court of Human Rights’ very recent but, in our view, historic decision in the case of Lautsi v. Italy. The article offers an outline of the case and of the decision’s motivation, a presentation of the responses, and a brief discussion of its relevance to the similar Romanian case. We examine in some detail the objections leveled against the ruling, track the progress of the Court’s relevant jurisprudence (...)
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  16.  2
    The Relationship Between the Neural Computations for Speech and Music Perception is Context-Dependent: An Activation Likelihood Estimate Study.Arianna N. LaCroix, Alvaro F. Diaz & Corianne Rogalsky - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  17.  9
    Context-Dependent Preferences and the Right to Forgo Life-Saving Treatments.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (4):716-733.
    A member of Jehovah’s Witnesses agreed to receive blood when alone, but rejected it once the elders were present. She insisted that the elders should stay, they were allowed to do so, and she bled to death. Was it all right to allow her to have the elders present when she made her final decision? Was it all right to allow her to bleed to death? It was, according to an anti-paternalist principle, which I have earlier defended on purely utilitarian (...)
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  18.  13
    GAS Doesn't “Turn the Engine” When States Are Sequential or Context-Dependent.Liane Gabora - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):901-902.
    Selection theory requires multiple, simultaneously-actualized states. In cognition, each thought changes the “selection pressure” against which the next is evaluated; they are not simultaneously selected amongst. Cognitive change occurs not through selection among discrete “neural configurations,” but through interaction between conceptual web and context. This introduces a non-Kolmogorovian probability distribution, hence a classical formalism (e.g., selection theory) cannot be used.
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  19.  3
    Is the Mystery of Thought Demystified by Context‐Dependent Categorisation? Towards a New Relation Between Language and Thought.Harry R. M. Purser Michael S. C. Thomas - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (5):595-618.
    We argue that are no such things as literal categories in human cognition. Instead, we argue that there are merely temporary coalescences of dimensions of similarity, which are brought together by context in order to create the similarity structure in mental representations appropriate for the task at hand. Fodor contends that context‐sensitive cognition cannot be realised by current computational theories of mind. We address this challenge by describing a simple computational implementation that exhibits internal knowledge representations whose similarity structure alters (...)
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  20.  1
    VC-Dimension of a Context-Dependent Perceptron.Piotr Ciskowski - 2001 - In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 429--432.
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  21.  29
    Advance Directives in Turkey's Cultural Context: Examining the Potential Benefits for the Implementation of Patient Rights.Tolga Guven & Gurkan Sert - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (3):127-133.
    Advance directives are not a part of the healthcare service in Turkey. This may be related with the fact that paternalism is common among the healthcare professionals in the country, and patients are not yet integrated in the decision-making process adequately. However, starting from the enactment of the Regulation of Patient Rights in 1998, this situation started to change. While the paternalist tradition still appears to be strong in Turkey, the Ministry of Health has been taking concrete measures in (...)
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  22.  4
    Justice in Context: The Relevance of Inter-American Human Rights Law and Practice to Repairing the Past.Arturo Carrillo - 2006 - In Pablo De Greiff (ed.), The Handbook of Reparations. Oxford University Press.
    This paper examines how international law contributes to contemporary understandings of transitional justice with respect to reparations for victims of gross and systematic human rights abuses. The author surveys the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights through 2003 to determine how the Court’s practice can be used to guide the formulation of reparatory policies during political transition. Recognizing that the direct application of Inter-American case law to situations of mass atrocity is not always viable in practice, (...)
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  23.  6
    Constitutional and Human Rights Disturbances: Australia's Privative Clauses Created Both in an Immigration Context. [REVIEW]Barbara Ann Hocking & Scott Guy - 2010 - Human Rights Review 11 (3):401-431.
    With the arrival of another wave of “boat people” to Australian waters in late 2009, issues of human rights of asylum seekers and refugees once again became a major feature of the political landscape. Claims of “queue jumping” were made, particularly by some sections of the media, and they may seem populist, but they are also ironic, given the protracted efforts on the part of the federal government to stymie any orderly appeals process, largely through resort to “privative clauses”. (...)
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  24.  9
    The Views of Cancer Patients on Patient Rights in the Context of Information and Autonomy.S. Erer, E. Atici & A. D. Erdemir - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):384-388.
    Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the views of cancer patients on patient rights in the context of the right to information and autonomy according to articles related to the issue in the “Patient Rights Regulation”. Methods: The research was conducted among cancer patients in the medical oncology department of a research and practice hospital using a random sampling method between June and September 2005. Data were collected during face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire. Results: There (...)
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  25.  3
    Biobanks for Non-Clinical Purposes and the New Law on Forensic Biobanks: Does the Italian Context Protect the Rights of Minors?Pamela Tozzo, Renzo Pegoraro & Luciana Caenazzo - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):775-778.
    Biobanks are an important resource for medical research. Genetic research on biological material from minors can yield valuable information that can improve our understanding of genetic–environmental interactions and the genesis and development of early onset genetic disorders. The major ethical concerns relating to biobanks concern consent, privacy, confidentiality, commercialisation, and the right to know or not to know. However, research on paediatric data raises specific governance and ethical questions with regard to consent and privacy. We have considered the Italian normative (...)
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  26. Rights-based approach to children and adolescents in the Chilean context.Miranda Valdebenito Nazaryh & González Burboa Alexis - 2016 - Humanidades Médicas 16 (3):459-474.
    El trabajo presenta aspectos que permiten la conceptualización del enfoque del Derecho para el abordaje de la niñez y la adolescencia en el contexto chileno. A través del análisis de la evidencia existente en la literatura, se tratan aspectos bio-psico-sociales y legales que admiten la validación del niño como sujeto de derecho. Se hace especial hincapié en el análisis de los principios rectores de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño para la preparación hacia los próximos desafíos en el trabajo (...)
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  27. Advance Directives in Turkey's Cultural Context: Examining the Potential Benefits for the Implementation of Patient Rights.Gurkan Sert Tolga Guven - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (3):127-133.
    ABSTRACTAdvance directives are not a part of the healthcare service in Turkey. This may be related with the fact that paternalism is common among the healthcare professionals in the country, and patients are not yet integrated in the decision‐making process adequately.However, starting from the enactment of the Regulation of Patient Rights in 1998, this situation started to change. While the paternalist tradition still appears to be strong in Turkey, the Ministry of Health has been taking concrete measures in the (...)
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  28. Context-Dependent Social Evaluation in 4.5-Month-Old Human Infants: The Role of Domain-General Versus Domain-Specific Processes in the Development of Social Evaluation. [REVIEW]J. K. Hamlin - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  29.  26
    Context Dependent Quantifiers and Donkey Anaphora.Jeffrey C. King - 2004 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (Supplement):97-127.
  30.  6
    Context-Dependent Recognition Memory: The ICE Theory.Kevin Murnane, Matthew P. Phelps & Kenneth Malmberg - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):403.
  31. „How Context-Dependent Are Attitude Ascriptions?‟ In: D. Jutronic“.Anne Bezuidenhout - 1997 - In Dunja Jutronic (ed.), The Maribor Papers in Naturalized Semantics. Maribor.
     
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  32.  12
    Fusion Rules for Context-Dependent Aggregation of Structured News Reports.Anthony Hunter & Rupert Summerton - 2004 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 14 (3):329-366.
  33.  4
    The Human Predicament: A Context for Rights and Learning About Rights.Philip Edwards - 1985 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 17 (1):38–46.
  34. Latent Inhibition From Context-Dependent Retrieval of Conflicting Information.Dennis C. Wright, Karl D. Skala & Karl A. Peuser - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (2):152-154.
  35.  23
    Context Dependent Knowledge.Robert Ackermann - 1982 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (3):425-433.
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  36.  9
    Is the Mystery of Thought Demystified by Context-Dependent Categorisation? Towards a New Relation Between Language and Thought.Michael S. C. Thomas, Harry R. M. Purser & Denis Mareschal - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (5):595-618.
  37.  4
    Shallow Input Processing Does Not Induce Environmental Context-Dependent Recognition.Steven M. Smith, Edward Vela & John E. Williamson - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):537-540.
  38.  2
    Context-Dependent Vantage Points in Literary Narratives: A Functional Cognitive Approach.Szilárd Tátrai - 2015 - Semiotica 2015 (203):9-37.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2015 Heft: 203 Seiten: 9-37.
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  39.  2
    Noise and Context-Dependent Memory.Paul A. Bell, Susan Hess, Ernie Hill, Shawna Lee Kukas, Ralph W. Richards & David Sargent - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (2):99-100.
  40.  1
    Mathematical Knowledge is Context Dependent Benedikt Lowe Universiteit Van Amsterdam, Universitat Hamburg & Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat Bonn.Thomas Muller - 2008 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 76:91-107.
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  41.  1
    Context Dependent Feature Groups, a Proposal for Object Representation.Rolf P. Würtz - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):702-703.
    The usefulness of contextually guided processors is investigated a little further. A more general use for binding V1 cell responses than the one in Phillips & Singer's target article is proposed, which takes into account that strong responses of these cells can mean more than the presence of lines and edges. The possibility of different grouping depending on the activities of neighboring cells is essential to the approach.
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  42. Context-Dependent Anomalies and Strategies for Resolving Disagreement.Douglas Allchin - 2015 - In Hanne Andersen, Nancy J. Nersessian & Susann Wagenknecht (eds.), Empirical Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag.
     
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  43. Empirical and Computational Support for Context-Dependent Representations of Serial Order: Reply to Bowers, Damian, and Davis.Matthew M. Botvinick & David C. Plaut - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):998-1001.
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  44. Relative Contributions of the Dorsal Vs. Ventral Speech Streams to Speech Perception Are Context Dependent: A Lesion Study.Rogalsky Corianne, Chen Kuan-Hua, Poppa Tasha, Anderson Steven, Damasio Hanna, Binder Jeffrey, Love Tracy & Hickock Gregory - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  45. Context-Dependent Shifts in Odor Quality.Ht Lawless - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):504-504.
     
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  46. Synaptic Plasticity and Context-Dependent Behavioral Responses Expand the Repertoire of Stress Reactivity.Maguire Jamie - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (11):1066-1067.
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  47. Context-Dependent Generalization.Jordan A. Taylor & Richard B. Ivry - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  48. Adolescent Development of Context-Dependent Stimulus-Reward Association Memory and its Neural Correlates.Joel L. Voss, Jonathan T. O’Neil, Maria Kharitonova, Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan & Lauren S. Wakschlag - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  49.  25
    Hegel's Critique of Liberalism: Rights in Context.B. Smith Steven - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Hegel's Critique of Liberalism , Steven B. Smith examines Hegel's critique of rights-based liberalism and its relevance to contemporary political concerns. Smith argues that Hegel reformulated classic liberalism, preserving what was of value while rendering it more attentive to the dynamics of human history and the developmental structure of the moral personality. Hegel's goal, Smith suggests, was to find a way of incorporating both the ancient emphasis on the dignity and even architectonic character of political life with the (...)
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  50.  29
    Privacy Rights and Protection: Foreign Values in Modern Thai Context. [REVIEW]Krisana Kitiyadisai - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (1):17-26.
    The concept of privacy as a basic human right which has to be protected by law is a recently adopted concept in Thailand, as the protection of human rights was only legally recognized by the National Human Rights Act in 1999. Moreover, along with other drafted legislation on computer crime, the law on privacy protection has not yet been enacted. The political reform and the influences of globalization have speeded up the process of westernization of the urban, educated (...)
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