Results for 'contradictory'

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  1.  8
    Contradictory Information: Better Than Nothing? The Paradox of the Two Firefighters.J. Michael Dunn & Nicholas M. Kiefer - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Springer Verlag. pp. 231-247.
    Prominent philosophers have argued that contradictions contain either too much or too little information to be useful. We dispute this with what we call the “Paradox of the Two Firefighters.” Suppose you are awakened in your hotel room by a fire alarm. You open the door. You see three possible ways out: left, right, straight ahead. You see two firefighters. One says there is exactly one safe route and it is to your left. The other says there is exactly one (...)
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  2.  24
    Islamic Contradictory Theology . . . Is There Any Such Thing?Abbas Ahsan - 2021 - Logica Universalis 15 (2).
    The application of paraconsistent logics to theological contradictions is a fascinating move. Jc Beall’s (J Anal Theol, 7(1): 400–439, 2019) paper entitled ‘Christ—A Contradiction: A Defense of ‘Contradictory Christology’ is a notable example. Beall proposes a solution to the fundamental problem of Christology. His solution aims at making the case, and defending the viability of, what he has termed, ‘Contradictory Christology’. There are at least two essential components of Beall’s ‘Contradictory Christology’. These include the dogmatic statements of (...)
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  3.  41
    The Contradictory State of Giorgio Agamben.Paul A. Passavant - 2007 - Political Theory 35 (2):147-174.
    I argue that Giorgio Agamben employs two, contradictory theories of the state in his works. Earlier works, such as "The Coming Community" and "Means without End", suggest that the state today functions as an aspect of the society of the spectacle where spectacle is the logical extension of the commodity form under late capitalism. This part of Agamben's work attributes a determined character to the state and a determining power to the economic forces of capitalism that conditions particular forms (...)
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  4. Contradictory Information: Too Much of a Good Thing. [REVIEW]J. Michael Dunn - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):425 - 452.
    Both I and Belnap, motivated the "Belnap-Dunn 4-valued Logic" by talk of the reasoner being simply "told true" (T) and simply "told false" (F), which leaves the options of being neither "told true" nor "told false" (N), and being both "told true" and "told false" (B). Belnap motivated these notions by consideration of unstructured databases that allow for negative information as well as positive information (even when they conflict). We now experience this on a daily basis with the Web. But (...)
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  5.  11
    On Contradictory Christology: A Reply to Uckelman’s ‘Contradictions, Impossibility, and Triviality’.Jc Beall - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):560-577.
  6.  16
    Contradictoriness, Paraconsistent Negation and Non-Intended Models of Classical Logic.Carlos A. Oller - 2016 - In Holger Andreas & Peter Verdee (eds.), Logical Studies of Paraconsistent Reasoning in Science and Mathematics, Trends In Logic. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 103-110.
    It is usually accepted in the literature that negation is a contradictory-forming operator and that two statements are contradictories if and only if it is logically impossible for both to be true and logically impossible for both to be false. These two premises have been used by Hartley Slater [Slater, 1995] to argue that paraconsistent negation is not a “real” negation because a sentence and its paraconsistent negation can be true together. In this paper we claim that a counterpart (...)
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  7.  39
    Contradictory Belief and Cognitive Access.Joseph I. Owens - 1989 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):289-316.
  8. Serving Two Masters: The Contradictory Organization as an Ethical Challenge for Managerial Responsibility.Mar Pérezts, Jean-Philippe Bouilloud & Vincent de Gaulejac - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (S1):33-44.
    “No one can serve two masters.” This Bible quotation highlights an irreducible contradiction, which echoes numerous organizational settings. This article considers the under-explored ethical implications of paradoxical injunctions created by such a contradiction at the managerial level. Contradictory organizational constraints turn into paradoxant systems , where the organization structurally settles paradoxical injunctions which challenge managerial ethics in practice. We then ask what managerial responsibility means in such contexts and find that managers have then to reshape their practice as a (...)
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  9.  16
    Contradictory Change.Greg Littmann - 2017 - Vivarium 55 (1-3):227-236.
    Graham Priest has argued that changes occur at a moment of change in which objects are in a contradictory state, being in both the state changed from and the state changed to. In “Moments of Change,” the current author rejected this model on the grounds that every change would require an infinite number of other changes, and that for similar regress problems, the model is not compatible with the Leibniz Continuity Condition that Priest appeals to in the model’s support. (...)
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  10.  57
    Opposites, Contradictories, and Mediation in Kierkegaard's Critique of Hegel.Shannon Nason - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (6):24-36.
    In this paper I argue that Kierkegaard endorses Hegel's theory of mediation, the view that relative opposites are mediated. However, I show that Kierkegaard denies Hegel's thesis that there are all and only relative opposites. I develop two of his arguments against this thesis. The first is existential. This argument comes from the dramatic interplay between A, the often disagreeable aesthete of Either/Or I, and Judge William, the dutiful ethicist of Either/Or II. Judge William convincingly argues that the possibility of (...)
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  11. THE CONTRADICTORY NATURE OF THE GHOST IN HAMLET.Ali Salami - 2011 - Sarjana 26 (1).
    This article explores the contradictory nature of the ghost in Hamlet and shows how Shakespeare seeks to manipulate the reader’s response in Hamlet by using contradictions and ambiguities. The article also explores the ways in which the reader responds to these contradictions and reconstructs a palpable world in the impalpable world of the text. These contradictions compel the reader to participate in the composition of the text and make him keep changing his own approach to the work with the (...)
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  12.  85
    Propositional Calculus for Contradictory Deductive Systems.Stanisław Jaśkowski - 1969 - Studia Logica 24 (1):143 - 160.
  13. Self-Deception, Intentions and Contradictory Beliefs.José Luis Bermúdez - 2000 - Analysis 60 (4):309-319.
    Philosophical accounts of self-deception can be divided into two broad groups – the intentionalist and the anti-intentionalist. On intentionalist models what happens in the central cases of self-deception is parallel to what happens when one person intentionally deceives another, except that deceiver and deceived are the same person. This paper offers a positive argument for intentionalism about self-deception and defends the view against standard objections.
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  14. 4. Contradictorial Gradualism Vs. Discontinuism: Two Views On Fuzziness And The Transition Problem.Marcelo VÁsconez - 2006 - Logique Et Analyse 49 (195).
    The dissertation has two parts, each dealing with a problem, namely: 1) What is the most adequate account of fuzziness -the so-called phenomenon of vagueness?, and 2) what is the most plausible solution to the sorites, or heap paradox? I will try to show that fuzzy properties are those which are gradual, amenable to be possessed in a greater or smaller extent. Acknowledgement of degrees in the instantiation of a property allows for a gradual transition from one opposite to the (...)
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  15. The Contradictory Simultaneity of Being with Others: Exploring Concepts of Time and Community in the Work of Gloria Anzaldúa.Michelle Bastian - 2011 - Feminist Review 97 (1):151-167.
    While social geographers have convincingly made the case that space is not an external constant, but rather is produced through inter-relations, anthropologists and sociologists have done much to further an understanding of time, as itself constituted through social interaction and inter-relation. Their work suggests that time is not an apolitical background to social life, but shapes how we perceive and relate to others. For those interested in exploring issues such as identity, community and difference, this suggests that attending to how (...)
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  16.  22
    Contradictory Concepts.Graham Priest - 2014 - In Elena Ficara (ed.), Contradictions: Logic, History, Actuality. De Gruyter. pp. 13-26.
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  17.  11
    Contradictory Concepts = True Contradictions?Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart - 2020 - Philosophia 49 (2):585-602.
    Dialetheism is the view that some contradictions are true. One common motivation to the view concerns cases of contradictory concepts obtaining together. Allegedly, in these cases, such concepts lead to a true contradiction. In this paper, we argue that this path is closed as a motivation for dialetheism. There are two basic difficulties to articulate the view: i) once contradictory or incompatible concepts are granted to obtain together, there is no longer any reason to claim that they were (...)
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  18.  3
    Contradictory Consequences of Mandatory Conscription: The Case of Women Secretaries in the Israeli Military.Orna Sasson-Levy - 2007 - Gender and Society 21 (4):481-507.
    This article examines the implications of mandatory conscription for women by studying the experience of women soldiers who serve as secretaries in the Israeli military. The author argues that the military service of the secretaries is shaped by three organizing principles: an employment principle of cheap labor, a matrimonial principle of the office wife, and a hierarchy principle that shapes the secretaries as status symbols. Employing the theory of gendered organizations, the author maintains that each one of these organizing principles (...)
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  19.  68
    Contradictories and Contraries.P. T. Geach - 1969 - Analysis 29 (6):187 - 190.
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  20. The Contradictory Logics of Financialization: Bringing Together Hyman Minsky and Karl Polanyi.Fred Block - 2016 - Politics and Society 44 (1):3-13.
    This introduction explains the logic of bringing together the perspectives of Hyman Minsky and Karl Polanyi to analyze processes of financialization. Although Minsky and Polanyi have very different intellectual trajectories, there are important complementarities in their approaches. The introduction also explains the focus of the three papers in this special section written by Kurtuluş Gemici, Lucas Kirkpatrick, and David Woodruff.
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  21.  14
    On Contradictory Christology: Preliminary Remarks, Notation and Terminology.Jc Beall - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):434-439.
    The following are some preliminary remarks that will set the stage for my individual replies to Timothy Pawl, Thomas McCall, A. J. Cotnoir, and Sara L. Uckelman’s responses to my paper ‘Christ – A Contradiction’. In that paper I advance and defend a contradictory Christology which solves the fundamental ‘problem’ of Christology by holding that Christ is a contradictory being: it is true that Christ is mutable and it is false that Christ is mutable; it is true that (...)
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  22.  7
    The Contradictory Views on Ancient Literary Works as a Foundation of World Historical Development.Solehah Yaacob & Ismail Haron - 2019 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 86:42-53.
    Publication date: 21 March 2019 Source: Author: Solehah Yaacob, Ismail Haron Contradictory views on ancient literary works provide a panorama of historical development. However, the validity of the texts was considered as issue of prime importance. The critics on its literary authenticity would reveal whether it was real or just a fabrication. The Epic Gilgamesh was ascertained by Said Ghanimi to be unauthentic. The contentions by S. N. Kramer and Taha Baqir were with regard to the differences of language (...)
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  23.  27
    The Contradictory Nature of Knowledge: A Challenge for Understanding Innovation in a Local Context and Workplace Development and for Doing Action Research. [REVIEW]Hans Chr Garmann Johnsen, James Karlsen, Roger Normann & Jens Kristian Fosse - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (1):85-98.
    The argument in this article is that knowledge is an important phenomenon to understand in order to discuss development and innovation in modern workplaces. Predominant theories on knowledge in organisation and innovation literature, we argue, are based on a dualist concept of knowledge. The arguments found in these theories argue for one type of knowledge in contrast to another. The most prevailing dualism is that between local and universal knowledge. We believe that arguing along this line does not bring us (...)
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  24. Contradictory Belief and Epistemic Closure Principles.Bryan Frances - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (2):203–226.
    Kripke’s puzzle has puts pressure on the intuitive idea that one can believe that Superman can fly without believing that Clark Kent can fly. If this idea is wrong then many theories of belief and belief ascription are built from faulty data. I argue that part of the proper analysis of Kripke’s puzzle refutes the closure principles that show up in many important arguments in epistemology, e.g., if S is rational and knows that P and that P entails Q, then (...)
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  25.  3
    The Contradictory Unity of Faith and Reason in Christian Theoretical Thought.Sergey N. Astapov - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (4):1-9.
    This article aims to demonstrate the unity of faith and reason as irrational and rational elements of the theoretical religious discourse on instances of Christian theoretical thought. This unity was represented as a dialectical contradiction, the violation of which led to the destruction of religious discourse. The contradictory unity of faith and reason was researched in European medieval philosophy and Russian religious philosophy in the first half of the 20th century and in the theoretical systems that were considered ways (...)
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  26. Believing the Self-Contradictory.John N. Williams - 1982 - American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (3):279 - 285.
    Clearly, if a man holds a self-contradictory belief, then his belief cannot be rational, for there can be no set of evidence sufficient to justify it. This is most apparent when the self contradictory belief is a belief in a conjunction, , rather than when it is a non-conjunctive self-contradictory belief, e.g. a belief that red is not a color.
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  27.  34
    Contradictory Appearances in Plato’s Republic.Jana Schultz - 2019 - Ancient Philosophy 39 (1):69-87.
  28.  12
    Contradictory Belief and Epistemic Closure Principles.Bryan Frances - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (2):203-226.
    Kripke’s puzzle has put pressure on the intuitive idea that one can believe that Superman can fly without believing that Clark Kent can fly. If this idea is wrong then many theories of belief and belief ascription are built from faulty data. I argue that part of the proper analysis of Kripke’s puzzle refutes the closure principles that show up in many important arguments in epistemology, e.g. if S is rational and knows that P and that P entails Q, then (...)
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  29.  48
    Contradictory Assertions Convey Infinite Information.L. P. C. Cuningham - 1963 - Analysis 23 (3):72 -.
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  30.  1
    Processing Contradictory CSR Information: The Influence of Primacy and Recency Effects on the Consumer-Firm Relationship.Michael C. Peasley, Parker J. Woodroof & Joshua T. Coleman - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 172 (2):275-289.
    Drawing on the influence of primacy and recency effects in processing information about corporate social responsibility, the authors examine how internal and external factors impact the consumer-firm relationship in the presence of contradictory CSR information. Evaluating these factors provides a more comprehensive understanding of how consumers react to unethical and socially irresponsible actions. Contrary to recent research that suggests a reactive CSR communication strategy to be best due to recency effects, the present findings show that past customer experiences with (...)
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  31. Two Contradictory Ideas of (Political) Equality.Douglas Rae - 1981 - Ethics 91 (3):451-456.
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  32.  20
    On Contradictory Christology: A Reply to Cotnoir’s ‘On the Role of Logic’.Jc Beall - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):529-543.
  33.  28
    Self-Contradictory Suppositions.Alice Ambrose - 1944 - Mind 53 (209):48-59.
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  34.  3
    Self-Contradictory Propositions.Alonzo Church & M. Lazerowitz - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):81.
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  35.  2
    Opposites, Contradictories, and Mediation in Kierkegaard's Critique of Hegel.Shannon Nason - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (1):24-36.
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  36.  21
    Self-Deception, Intentions, and Contradictory Beliefs.JosÉ Luis BermÚdez - 2000 - Analysis 60 (4):309-319.
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  37. Believing the Self-Contradictory.Fabien Schang - 2011 - In Dariusz Lukasiewicz & Roger Pouivet (eds.), The Right to Believe: Perspectives in Religious Epistemology. pp. 127-140.
    An argument for the rationality of religious belief in the existence of God is defended. After reviewing three preconditions for rational belief, I show reasons to privilege the criterion of consistency. Taking the inconsistency of the religious belief in God and the belief in the scientific world picture as the impediment to a rational belief in God, I propose that we can overcome this objection by assuming, firstly, that God is a universal class. This allows us to put the problem (...)
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  38.  11
    On Contradictory Christology: A Reply to Pawl’s ‘Explosive Theology’.Jc Beall - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):452-472.
  39.  11
    On Contradictory Christology: A Reply to McCall’s ‘Doctrinal Orthodoxy and Philosophical Heresy’.Jc Beall - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):488-507.
  40.  23
    The Contradictory Political Economy of Minority Nationalism.Peter Graefe - 2005 - Theory and Society 34 (5-6):519-549.
  41.  20
    Contradictory Passion: Inspiration in Blanchot's "The Space of Literature".Timothy Clark - 1996 - Substance 25 (1):46.
  42. Contradictories and contraries.P. T. Geach - 1969 - Analysis 29 (6):187.
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  43. On Contradictory Terms.Kg Sadiq - 1976 - Pakistan Philosophical Journal 15:35.
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  44.  12
    Self-Contradictory Propositions.M. Lazerowitz - 1940 - Philosophy of Science 7 (2):229-240.
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  45.  29
    Contradictories and Entailment.U. T. Place & J. J. C. Smart - 1954 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (4):541-544.
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  46.  26
    Contradictories and Strict Implication.J. M. Shorter - 1956 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17 (1):122-124.
  47.  9
    Contradictory Beliefs and Cognitive Access.Halvor Nordby - 2003 - SATS 4 (1):116-127.
  48.  14
    The Contradictory Homo Sapiens of Rawls in a Theory of Justice.Donald V. Morano - 1979 - Journal of Value Inquiry 13 (4):283-293.
  49.  19
    Contradictory Concepts: An Essay on the Semantic Structure of Religious Discourses.Lucian Hölscher - 2015 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 10 (1):69-88.
    The widespread opinion among conceptual historians is that political concepts are always contested in their actual usage. Religious concepts in modernity are also not only contested; they are constructed on an ontological contradiction. They imply that the object to which they refer exists, and at the same time that it does not. I demonstrate this idea using four religious concepts: _religion, God,_ the _beyond,_ and _spirit._ I conclude with discussion on the reality status of religious concepts in modern historiography and (...)
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  50. “A Chambered Nautilus”: The Contradictory Nature of Puerto Rican Women's Role in the Social Construction of a Transnational Community.Marixsa Alicea - 1997 - Gender and Society 11 (5):597-626.
    Recent transnational migration literature does not sufficiently explore women's role in the development of transnational communities. By analyzing 30 interviews with Puerto Rican migrant and return migrant women, the author shows that women, through subsistence production, play a significant role in the social construction of transnational communities. By using a transnational perspective and placing migrant women's subsistence work and its contradictory nature at the center of her analysis, the author challenges studies that assume that maintaining ties to homelands leads (...)
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