Results for 'cryonics'

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Bibliography: Cryonics in Applied Ethics
  1.  36
    Cryonics: Traps and transformations.Daniel Story - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (4):351-355.
    Cryonics is the practice of cryopreserving the bodies or brains of legally dead individuals with the hope that these individuals will be reanimated in the future. A standard argument for cryonics says that cryonics is prudentially justified despite uncertainty about its success because at worst it will leave you no worse off than you otherwise would have been had you not chosen cryonics, and at best it will leave you much better off than you otherwise would (...)
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  2.  46
    Malchronia: Cryonics and Bionics as Primitive Weapons in the War on Time.Christopher C. Yorke & Lois Rowe - 2006 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 15 (1):73-85.
    The feeling that one was ‘born in the wrong time’ we call malchronia. This is distinct from mere nostalgia, in that it may generate the longing to transcend the temporal present in favor of a time of which one has had no experience, or even a timeless state of being. Implicit in malchronetic longing is the rejection of one’s experience of one’s own time, making it a revolutionary and utopian inclination. In this article we examine two dominant strategies—primitive weapons in (...)
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  3.  29
    Cryonics for all?Tena Thau - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (7):638-644.
    In fascinating recent work, some philosophers have argued that it would be morally permissible and prudentially rational to sign up for cryonics—if you can afford the price tag of the procedure. In this paper I ask: why not share the elixir of extended life with everyone? Should governments financially support, positively encourage, or even require people to undergo cryonics? From a general principle of beneficence, I construct a formal argument for cryonics promotion policies. I consider the objection (...)
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  4.  28
    Worldwide Cryonics Attitudes About the Body, Cryopreservation, and Revival: Personal Identity Malleability and a Theory of Cryonic Life Extension.Melanie Swan - 2019 - Sophia 58 (4):699-735.
    This research examines the practice of cryonics and provides empirical evidence for an improved understanding of the motivations and attitudes of participants. Cryonics is the freezing of a person who has died of a disease in hopes of restoring life at some future time when a cure may be available. So far, about 300 people have been cryopreserved, and an additional 1200 have enrolled in such programs. The current work has three vectors. First, the results of a worldwide (...)
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  5.  48
    The Ethics of Cryonics: Is It Immoral to Be Immortal?Francesca Minerva - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    Cryonics—also known as cryopreservation or cryosuspension—is the preservation of legally dead individuals at ultra-low temperatures. Those who undergo this procedure hope that future technology will not only succeed in reviving them, but also cure them of the condition that led to their demise. In this sense, some hope that cryopreservation will allow people to continue living indefinitely. This book discusses the moral concerns of cryonics, both as a medical procedure and as an intermediate step toward life extension. In (...)
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  6.  23
    The cryonic refugee: appropriate analogy or confusing rhetoric?Richard B. Gibson - 2022 - The New Bioethics 28 (2):97-115.
    Cryopreservation presents the possibility of circumventing irreversible death through the body’s extreme cooling. Once cooled, this ‘cryon’ is then stored at sub-zero temperatures until medical kno...
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  7.  6
    The Death of Cryonics: Factors Related to Its Poor Uptake.Ayesha Ahmad & Simon Dein - 2022 - European Journal of Theology and Philosophy 2 (6):1-8.
    Cryonics is a technique for freezing dead bodies at very low temperatures in the hope they will be revived at some time in the future when medical technology becomes available. At present, there are no known revival methods; however, the role of innovation in medical practice leads certain individuals to hypothesize that death will be reversible in the future. While cryonics might resonate with certain questionable contemporary Western cultural themes of death denial and neoliberalism its uptake remains minuscule. (...)
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  8.  25
    Cryonics, euthanasia, and the doctrine of double effect. [REVIEW]Maria Campo Redondo & Gabriel Andrade - 2023 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 18 (1):1-10.
    In 1989, Thomas Donaldson requested the California courts to allow physicians to hasten his death. Donaldson had been diagnosed with brain cancer, and he desired to die in order to cryonically preserve his brain, so as to stop its further deterioration. This case elicits an important question: is this a case of euthanasia? In this article, we examine the traditional criteria of death, and contrast it with the information-theoretic criterion. If this criterion is accepted, we posit that Donaldson’s case would (...)
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  9.  48
    Cryonic Life Extension: Scientific Possibility or Stupid Pipe Dream?D. John Doyle - 2012 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 3 (1-3):9-28.
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  10. The future of death: cryonics and the telos of liberal individualism.James Hughes - 2001 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 6 (1).
    This paper addresses five questions: First, what is trajectory of Western liberal ethics and politics in defining life, rights and citizenship? Second, how will neuro-remediation and other technologies change the definition of death for the brain injured and the cryonically suspended? Third, will people always have to be dead to be cryonically suspended? Fourth, how will changing technologies and definitions of identity affect the status of people revived from brain injury and cryonic suspension? I propose that Western liberal thought is (...)
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  11.  15
    Cryonics: Legal and ethical aspects.L. A. Ertel & K. S. Efimkova - 2019 - Theoretical Bioethics 24 (2):30-36.
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  12.  27
    Caring Cryonics?Rita C. Manning - 2002 - In Charles Tandy & Scott R. Stroud (eds.), The Philosophy of Robert Ettinger. Universal Publishers. pp. 97.
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  13.  54
    Dying to Live: Transhumanism, Cryonics, and Euthanasia.Adam Buben - 2015 - In Michael Cholbi & Jukka Varelius (eds.), New Directions in the Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 299-313.
    It might seem counterintuitive to think transhumanists, who are typically characterized by extreme techno-optimism and hope for radical life-extension, would be interested in assisted dying. Because the technological enhancements they long for will probably not be available during their natural lifetimes, many transhumanists at least entertain the idea of having themselves cryonically preserved to buy some additional time for real-world technology to catch up to their dreams. However, since an ideal preservation would take place before serious cellular deterioration sets in, (...)
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  14.  38
    Mourning the frozen: considering the relational implications of cryonics.Robin Hillenbrink & Christopher Simon Wareham - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (6):388-391.
    Cryonics is the preservation of legally dead human bodies at the temperature of liquid nitrogen in the hope that future technologies will be able to revive them. In philosophical debates surrounding this practice, arguments often focus on prudential implications of cryopreservation, or moral arguments on a societal level. In this paper, we claim that this debate is incomplete, since it does not take into account a significant relational concern about cryonics. Specifically, we argue that attention should be paid (...)
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  15.  5
    Freeze, Wait, Reanimate: Cryonic Suspension and Science Fiction.Grant Shoffstall - 2010 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 30 (4):285-297.
    This essay takes as its chief point of departure Jacques Ellul’s contention that imaginative treatments of malevolent technology in antitechnological science fiction, by way of inviting rejection, refusal, dismissal, or condemnation, conspire in facilitating human acceptance of and adjustment to technology as it otherwise presently is. The author extends Ellul’s argument to accounts of cryonic suspension, or “cryonics,” the practice of freezing human corpses, by way of gradually subjecting them, at the moment of legal death, to extremely low temperatures (...)
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  16.  97
    The case for cryonics.Ole Martin Moen - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):677-681.
  17.  19
    A Kantian Critique Of Cryonic Immortality.Scott R. Stroud - 2002 - In Charles Tandy & Scott R. Stroud (eds.), The Philosophy of Robert Ettinger. Universal Publishers. pp. 135.
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  18. An Exploratory Survey Examining the Familiarity with and Attitudes Toward Cryonic Preservation.S. Badger - 1998 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 3 (1).
     
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  19.  15
    Time Shock And The Problem Of Anachronistic Being: An Anthropological Approach To Cryonics.James C. Lindahl - 2002 - In Charles Tandy & Scott R. Stroud (eds.), The Philosophy of Robert Ettinger. Universal Publishers. pp. 65.
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  20.  65
    Youniverse: toward a self-centered philosophy of immortalism and cryonics.R. C. W. Ettinger - 2009 - Boca Raton, Fla.: Universal Publishers.
    Youniverse is about you and the way things really are--how to improve your chances of a much longer and more satisfying life.
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  21. Many Are Cold But Few Are Frozen: A Humanist Looks at Cryonics.S. B. Harris - 1989 - Free Inquiry 9 (2):19-24.
     
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  22. Cryoethics: Seeking life after death.David Shaw - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (9):515-521.
    Cryonic suspension is a relatively new technology that offers those who can afford it the chance to be 'frozen' for future revival when they reach the ends of their lives. This paper will examine the ethical status of this technology and whether its use can be justified. Among the arguments against using this technology are: it is 'against nature', and would change the very concept of death; no friends or family of the 'freezee' will be left alive when he is (...)
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  23.  37
    Uploading: A Philosophical Analysis.David J. Chalmers - 2014-08-11 - In Russell Blackford & Damien Broderick (eds.), Intelligence Unbound. Wiley. pp. 102–118.
    This chapter describes three relatively specific forms such as destructive uploading, gradual uploading, and nondestructive uploading. Neuroscience is gradually discovering various neural correlates of consciousness, but this research program largely takes the existence of consciousness for granted. It presents an argument for the pessimistic view and an argument for the optimistic view, both of which run parallel to related arguments that can be given concerning teletransportation. Cryonic technology offers the possibility of preserving our brains in a low‐temperature state shortly after (...)
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  24.  21
    Etica della Crioconservazione.Francesca Minerva - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:48–65.
    The Ethics of Cryonics In this paper I discuss the ethics of cryopreservation (understood as a treatment and as a long term project) of individuals declared legally dead. I consider various objections to this practice based on concerns about its selfishness, low chances of succeeding, and wastefulness. I also discuss objections against indefinite life extension and immortality.
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  25. Euthanasia and cryothanasia.Francesca Minerva & Anders Sandberg - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (7):526-533.
    In this article we discuss the moral and legal aspects of causing the death of a terminal patient in the hope of extending their life in the future. We call this theoretical procedure cryothanasia. We argue that administering cryothanasia is ethically different from administering euthanasia. Consequently, objections to euthanasia should not apply to cryothanasia, and cryothanasia could also be considered a legal option where euthanasia is illegal.
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  26.  3
    Medical Time Travel.Brian Wowk - 2013 - In Max More & Natasha Vita‐More (eds.), The Transhumanist Reader. Oxford: Wiley. pp. 220–226.
    Time travel is a solved problem. Einstein showed that if you travel in a spaceship for months at speeds close to the speed of light, you can return to earth centuries in the future.
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  27.  11
    What Does It Mean to Be Human? Life, Death, Personhood and the Transhumanist Movement.D. John Doyle - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book is a critical examination of the philosophical and moral issues in relation to human enhancement and the various related medical developments that are now rapidly moving from the laboratory into the clinical realm. In the book, the author critically examines technologies such as genetic engineering, neural implants, pharmacologic enhancement, and cryonic suspension from transhumanist and bioconservative positions, focusing primarily on moral issues and what it means to be a human in a setting where technological interventions sometimes impact strongly (...)
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  28.  32
    Is transhumanism heading towards redefinition of human being or towards Utopia?Rafał Szopa - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):197-214.
    Transhumanism has enormous effect on temporary philosophical thought by forcing philosophers to take on many intellectual challenges. Not only philosophers deal with transhumanism but also scientists who try to create technological solutions that enable implementation of transhumanistic ideas. The question is whether all these ideas will be realized. The purpose of the article is to show that not all transhumanist aspirations can be put into practice. The first reason is that transhumanism limits human’s understanding to the material dimension. While this (...)
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  29.  17
    The philosophy of Robert Ettinger.Charles Tandy & Scott R. Stroud (eds.) - 2002 - Parkland, Fla.: Universal Publishers.
    The ideas presented by Ettinger in these two books are examined in the present volume by living philosophers.
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  30.  13
    Annihilation: The Sense and Significance of Death.Christopher Belshaw - 2008 - Routledge.
    The ever-present possibility of death forces upon us the question of life's meaning and for this reason death has been a central concern of philosophers throughout history. From Socrates to Heidegger, philosophers have grappled with the nature and significance of death. In "Annihilation", Christopher Belshaw explores two central questions at the heart of philosophy's engagement with death: what is death; and is it bad that we die? Belshaw begins by distinguishing between literal and metaphorical uses of the term and offers (...)
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  31.  62
    Annihilation: The Sense and Significance of Death.Christopher Belshaw - 2008 - Routledge.
    The ever-present possibility of death forces upon us the question of life's meaning and for this reason death has been a central concern of philosophers throughout history. From Socrates to Heidegger, philosophers have grappled with the nature and significance of death. In "Annihilation", Christopher Belshaw explores two central questions at the heart of philosophy's engagement with death: what is death; and is it bad that we die? Belshaw begins by distinguishing between literal and metaphorical uses of the term and offers (...)
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  32.  72
    Technologies of immortality: the brain on ice.Bronwyn Parry - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (2):391-413.
    One of the first envatted brains, the most cyborgian element of J. D. Bernal’s 1929 futuristic manifesto, The world, the flesh and the the devil, proposed a technological solution to the dreary certainty of mortality. In Bernal’s scenario the brain is maintained in an ‘out of body’ but ‘like-body’ environment—in a bath of cerebral–spinal fluid held at constant body temperature. In reality, acquiring prospective immortality requires access to very different technologies—those that allow human organs and tissues to be preserved in (...)
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  33. Katherine’s Questionable Quest for Love and Happiness.Bo C. Klintberg - 2008 - Philosophical Plays 1 (1):1-98.
    CATEGORY: Philosophy play; historical fiction; comedy; social criticism. STORYLINE: Katherine, a slightly neurotic American lawyer, has tried very hard to find personal happiness in the form of friends and lovers. But she has not succeeded, and is therefore very unhappy. So she travels to London, hoping that Christianus — a well-known satisfactionist — may be able to help her. TOPICS: In the course of the play, Katherine and Christianus converse about many philosophical issues: the modern American military presence in Iraq; (...)
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  34.  16
    Human and Immortality in the Views of Transhumanists.P. Kravchenko & T. Kiselyova - 2021 - Philosophical Horizons 45:50-57.
    With the development of science, a lot of people don’t believe in the afterlife, but believe in biotechnology and the ability to overcome death, or at least delay it as much as possible. At the same time, the revolution in medical technology has created the illusion of controlling death. In this study we will consider the impact of scientific progress on changing transhumanity’s vision of death. The aim of the article is a socio-philosophical review of the dynamics and changes in (...)
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  35.  22
    Transhumanism and the issue of death.Peter Kyslan - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (1-2):71-80.
    The human issue with the concept of finality constitutes a fundamental platform for the philosophical concept of transhumanism. This paper addresses the historical-philosophical perspective of transhumanism with emphasis put on the 18th and 19th centuries, whereby possible anticipatory actions with respect to transhumanist thought are analyzed. In this sense, the need for a philosophical reflection on transhumanism is justified. The main part of this paper is aimed at philosophical and ethical questions related to cryonics as being one of the (...)
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  36.  7
    Faith, Science and the Question of Death.Bogdan Lubardić - 2018 - Philotheos 18 (1):78-116.
    In this study I critically discuss the religious philosophy of Nikolai F. Fyodorov. Beforehand I will offer a synoptic overview of its key components. The thought of Fyodorov may serve as a model for case study work in regard to two crucial questions: (1) What is the relation between the past and the future? and (2) What is the relation between faith and science? These questions receive their spiritual, theological and philosophical answers through Fyodorov’s reflection on the (3) overcoming of (...)
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  37.  4
    Anticipatory regulation, anticipatory ethics: preparing for the future.Zoe Fritz - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (6):361-362.
    We have all become used to the rapid change around us, and with it, the shifting landscape of medical ethics. It appears, however, that the acceleration phase of change in biomedical sciences is only just beginning, and we need to be prepared for new challenges ahead. This issue of the journal considers several of them: in epigenome editing, 1 in bioprinting 2 and in cryonics. 3 With all of these developments, we need to be doing our ethical thinking proactively (...)
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  38. Cryoethics.David Shaw - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), International Encyclopaedia of Ethics. Blackwell.
    Cryoethics is a new theme within bioethics (see bioethics) concerned with the ethics of cryonic storage. Cryonics, which is also erroneously referred to as “cryogenic” technology, offers people the option of having their bodies or brain-stems preserved at very low temperatures after death in order to be revived at some point in the future when technology is sufficiently advanced to enable reanimation, and possibly immortality. The main issues in cryoethics center around whether it is ethical to use this technology, (...)
     
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  39.  5
    Cybernetics, Genetic Engineering and the Future of Psychotherapy.Robert M. Anderson & Yevgenyia K. Melnik - 2013 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 25 (1-2):39-53.
    This essay describes possible futures that may result from accelerating technological advances and the challenges these futures present to psychotherapists. In the next 100 years, human beings will be likely to increasingly use computers and artificial intelligence and become extremely dependent on this relationship. Chip and stem cell implants may provide people with greater memory capacity, computational capacity, and skill sets. Genetic engineering, cryonics, and cloning may allow dramatic increases in the human life span these developments occur, they will (...)
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  40.  3
    Idea Futures.Robin Hanson - 2013 - In Max More & Natasha Vita‐More (eds.), The Transhumanist Reader. Oxford: Wiley. pp. 243–257.
    Are you fascinated by some basic questions about science, technology, and our future? Questions like: Is cryonics technically feasible? When will nano‐assemblers be feasible and how quickly will resulting changes come? Does a larger population help or hinder the world environment and economy? Will uploading be possible, and if so when? When can I live in space? Where will I be able to live free from tyranny? When will AIs be bucking for my job? Is there intelligent life beyond (...)
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  41.  53
    Can Technology Fix the Abortion Problem?Patrick D. Hopkins - 2008 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):311-326.
    The abortion controversy as a cultural phenomenon is itself socially troublesome. However, current biotechnology research programs point to a possible technological fix. If we could harmlessly remove fetuses from women’s bodies and transfer them to other women, cryonic suspension, or ectogenetic devices, this might mitigate the controversy. Pro-lifers’ apparent minimal requirement would be met—fetuses would not be killed. Pro-choicers’ apparent minimal requirement would be met—women could end pregnancies and control their bodies. This option has been optimistically anticipated by some ethicists, (...)
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  42. God versus the Multiverse: An Ontological Argument against the Existence of a Supreme Being: With a Hopeful Alternative.R. Michael Perry - 2009 - In Chareles Tandy (ed.), Death and Anti-Death, Volume 7: Nine Hundred Years After St. Anselm (1033-1109). Ria University Press.
    Anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of God is examined. It is concluded that Anselm errs in assuming the greatest "thing" must be a sentient being. The existence of God, then, is not established by Anselm’s argument, and is concluded to be unlikely for other reasons as well, one being that a perfected sentient being would be a logical impossibility. An afterlife and personal immortality are not precluded however; these goals could be reached by future scientific means. For now (...) is advocated as a means to reach a more advanced future when death may be physically overcome. (shrink)
     
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  43.  39
    Encouraging an Honest Consensus.Robin Hanson - unknown
    Are you fascinated by some basic questions about science, technology, and our future? Questions like: Is cryonics technically feasible? When will nanoassemblers be feasible and how quickly will resulting changes come? Does a larger population help or hinder the world environment and economy? Will uploading be possible, and if so when? When can I live in space? Where will I be able to live free from tyranny? When will A.I.s be bucking for my job? Is there intelligent life beyond (...)
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  44.  5
    Endlichkeit, Medizin und Unsterblichkeit: Geschichte, Theorie, Ethik.Annette Hilt, Isabella Jordan & Frewer Andreas (eds.) - 2010 - Stuttgart: Steiner.
    English summary: Medicine is not only a technique or skill for obtaining or restoring health in the face of illness and death; it strives to be a component of life that has learned to deal with the inevitability of suffering and death. As meditatio vitae et mortis, it can become a field of reflection on being human par excellence. The increasing possibility of anti-aging, plastic surgery and enhancement procedures, however, again bring about questions of the limits of human medicine, even (...)
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  45.  19
    Cryopreservation of Embryos and Fetuses as a Future Option for Family Planning Purposes.Francesca Minerva & Anders Sandberg - 2015 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 25 (1):17-30.
    This paper explores the ethical implications of a possible future technology; namely cryonics of embryos/fetuses extracted from the uterus. We argue that more research should be conducted in order to explore the feasibility of such technology. We highlight the advantages that this option would offer; including the foreseeable prevention of a considerable number of abortions.
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  46.  74
    Forever and Again.Alexey Turchin - 2018 - Journal of Ethics and Emerging Technologies 28 (1):31-56.
    This article explores theoretical conditions necessary for “quantum immortality” as well as its possible practical implications. It is demonstrated that QI is a particular case of “multiverse immortality”, which is based on two main assumptions: the very large size of the universe ; and a copy-friendly theory of personal identity. It is shown that a popular objection about lowering of the world-share of an observer in the case of QI does not succeed, as the world-share decline could be compensated by (...)
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  47. Man into superman.R. C. W. Ettinger - 1972 - New York,: St. Martin's Press.