Results for 'cultural transmission'

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  1.  17
    Teaching and the Life History of Cultural Transmission in Fijian Villages.Michelle A. Kline, Robert Boyd & Joseph Henrich - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (4):351-374.
    Much existing literature in anthropology suggests that teaching is rare in non-Western societies, and that cultural transmission is mostly vertical (parent-to-offspring). However, applications of evolutionary theory to humans predict both teaching and non-vertical transmission of culturally learned skills, behaviors, and knowledge should be common cross-culturally. Here, we review this body of theory to derive predictions about when teaching and non-vertical transmission should be adaptive, and thus more likely to be observed empirically. Using three interviews conducted with (...)
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  2.  40
    Hominid Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Language.Laureano Castro, Alfonso Medina & Miguel A. Toro - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (5):721-737.
    This paper presents the hypothesis that linguistic capacity evolved through the action of natural selection as an instrument which increased the efficiency of the cultural transmission system of early hominids. We suggest that during the early stages of hominization, hominid social learning, based on indirect social learning mechanisms and true imitation, came to constitute cumulative cultural transmission based on true imitation and the approval or disapproval of the learned behaviour of offspring. A key factor for this (...)
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  3.  34
    The Effects of Cultural Transmission Are Modulated by the Amount of Information Transmitted.Thomas L. Griffiths, Stephan Lewandowsky & Michael L. Kalish - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (5):953-967.
    Information changes as it is passed from person to person, with this process of cultural transmission allowing the minds of individuals to shape the information that they transmit. We present mathematical models of cultural transmission which predict that the amount of information passed from person to person should affect the rate at which that information changes. We tested this prediction using a function-learning task, in which people learn a functional relationship between two variables by observing the (...)
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  4.  30
    Reasoning About Cultural and Genetic Transmission: Developmental and Cross‐Cultural Evidence From Peru, Fiji, and the United States on How People Make Inferences About Trait Transmission.Cristina Moya, Robert Boyd & Joseph Henrich - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):595-610.
    Using samples from three diverse populations, we test evolutionary hypotheses regarding how people reason about the inheritance of various traits. First, we provide a framework for differentiat-ing the outputs of mechanisms that evolved for reasoning about variation within and between biological taxa and culturally evolved ethnic categories from a broader set of beliefs and categories that are the outputs of structured learning mechanisms. Second, we describe the results of a modified “switched-at-birth” vignette study that we administered among children and adults (...)
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  5.  78
    Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior.Castro Laureano, Castro-Nogueira Luis, A. Castro-Nogueira Miguel & A. Toro Miguel - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):347-360.
    Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis (...)
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  6.  6
    Introduction. Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Human Behaviour.Kenny Smith, Michael Kalish, Thomas Griffiths & Stephan Lewandowsky - unknown
    The articles in this theme issue seek to understand the evolutionary bases of social learning and the consequences of cultural transmission for the evolution of human behaviour. In this introductory article, we provide a summary of these articles and a personal view of some promising lines of development suggested by the work summarized here.
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  7.  5
    Eco-Phenotypic Physiologies: A New Kind of Modeling for Unifying Evolution, Ecology and Cultural Transmission.Fabrizio Panebianco & Emanuele Serrelli - unknown
    Mathematical modeling can ground communication and reciprocal enrichment among fields of knowledge whose domains are very different. We propose a new mathematical model applicable in biology, specified into ecology and evolutionary biology, and in cultural transmission studies, considered as a branch of economics. Main inspiration for the model are some biological concepts we call “eco-phenotypic” such as development, plasticity, reaction norm, phenotypic heritability, epigenetics, and niche construction. “Physiology” is a core concept we introduce and translate differently in the (...)
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  8.  17
    Cultural Transmission with an Evolved Intuitive Ontology: Domain-Specific Cognitive Tracks of Inheritance.Pascal Boyer - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):570-571.
    Atran's account of cultural transmission can be further refined by considering constraints from early-developed, domain-specific intuitive ontological understanding. These suggest specific predictions about the cultural survival of “memes,” depending on the way they activate intuitive understanding. There is no general dynamic of cultural inheritance; only complex predictions for domain-specific competencies that cut across cultural domains.
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  9.  5
    Laboratory Evidence for Cultural Transmission Mechanisms.Louis M. Herman & Adam A. Pack - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):335-337.
    The mechanisms for cultural transmission remain disputable and difficult to validate through observational field studies alone. If controlled experimental laboratory investigation reveals that a putative mechanism is demonstrable in the species under study, then inferences that the same mechanism is operating in the field observation are strengthened.
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  10.  6
    The Brain Plus the Cultural Transmission Mechanism Determine the Nature of Language.Kenny Smith, Simon Kirby & Andrew D. M. Smith - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):533-534.
    We agree that language adapts to the brain, but we note that language also has to adapt to brain-external constraints, such as those arising from properties of the cultural transmission medium. The hypothesis that Christiansen & Chater (C&C) raise in the target article not only has profound consequences for our understanding of language, but also for our understanding of the biological evolution of the language faculty.
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  11.  2
    Barbarian Tribes, American Indians and Cultural Transmission: Changing Perspectives From the Enlightenment to Tocqueville.Nathaniel Wolloch - 2013 - History of Political Thought 34 (3):507-539.
    This article examines the change which occurred in discussions of cultural transmission between the Enlightenment and the liberal outlook of the nineteenth century. The former is exemplified mainly by eighteenth-century historical discussions, the latter by the thought of Alexis de Tocqueville. An interest in the influence of advanced Western cultures on seemingly inferior non-Western societies was consistent throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It was manifested mainly in discussions of the barbarian conquest of the Roman Empire on the (...)
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  12. Hobbes and His Poetic Contemporaries: Cultural Transmission in Early Modern England.Richard Hillyer - 2007 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    As an exceptionally long-lived author (1588-1679) whose protracted development, late appearance in print, subsequent muzzling, and profound notoriety raise fascinating questions about how, when, and to what effect his thinking exerted an impact as he sought to transform an entire culture, Hobbes supplies the ideal focus for a study of cultural transmission in early modern England. Ranging from Jonson to Rochester and including several critically neglected figures, select poetic contemporaries variously illuminate the scope of Hobbes’s writing and the (...)
     
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  13. Scribes and Texts: A Test Case for Models of Cultural Transmission.F. C. T. Moore - 2001 - The Monist 84 (3):417-436.
    Scribal copying is investigated as a test case for the memetic and epidemiological models for explaining the distribution of cultural items. We may hypothesize that the incidence of errors could be low enough to allow two conditions for neo-Darwinian explanation to be fulfilled: first, that there be a rather reliable mechanism for heredity, and second that occasional mutations might produce a version more likely to survive and be propagated than the exemplar. Scriptorial conventions are reviewed. Textual criticism is investigated. (...)
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  14.  39
    Cultural Transmission of Social Essentialism.Marjorie Rhodes, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Christina Tworek - 2012 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (34):13526-13531.
  15.  21
    Imitation and Cultural Transmission in Apes and Cetaceans.Andrew Whiten - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):359-360.
    Recent evidence suggests imitation is more developed in some cetaceans than the authors imply. Apart from apes, only dolphins have so far shown a grasp of what it is to imitate; moreover dolphins ape humans more clearly than do apes. Why have such abilities not been associated with the kind of progressive cultural complexity characteristic of humans?
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  16.  15
    Cultural Transmission of Behavior in Animals: How a Modern Training Technology Uses Spontaneous Social Imitation in Cetaceans and Facilitates Social Imitation in Horses and Dogs.Karen W. Pryor - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):352-352.
    Social learning and imitation is central to culture in cetaceans. The training technology used with cetaceans facilitates reinforcing imitation of one dolphin's behavior by another; the same technology, now widely used by pet owners, can lead to imitative learning in such unlikely species as dogs and horses. A capacity for imitation, and thus for cultural learning, may exist in many species.
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  17.  29
    Transmission Coupling Mechanisms: Cultural Group Selection.Robert Boyd & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    The application of phylogenetic methods to cultural variation raises questions about how cultural adaption works and how it is coupled to cultural transmission. Cultural group selection is of particular interest in this context because it depends on the same kinds of mechanisms that lead to tree-like patterns of cultural variation. Here, we review ideas about cultural group selection relevant to cultural phylogenetics. We discuss why group selection among multiple equilibria is not subject (...)
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  18.  43
    Is Religion What We Want? Motivation and the Cultural Transmission of Religious Representations.Shaun Nichols - manuscript
  19.  4
    When Does Cultural Transmission Favour or Instead Substitute for General Intelligence?Andrew Whiten - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  20.  10
    Investigating How Cultural Transmission Leads to the Appearance of Design Without a Designer in Human Communication Systems.Hannah Cornish - 2010 - Interaction Studies 11 (1):112-137.
  21.  9
    The Learning and Transmission of Hierarchical Cultural Recipes.Alex Mesoudi & Michael J. O'Brien - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (1):63-72.
    Archaeologists have proposed that behavioral knowledge of a tool can be conceptualized as a “recipe”—a unit of cultural transmission that combines the preparation of raw materials, construction, and use of the tool, and contingency plans for repair and maintenance. This parallels theories in cognitive psychology that behavioral knowledge is hierarchically structured—sequences of actions are divided into higher level, partially independent subunits. Here we use an agent-based simulation model to explore the costs and benefits of hierarchical learning relative to (...)
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  22.  97
    The Biological Basis of Cultural Transmission[REVIEW]Nicholas Shea - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):259-266.
    Review of: Kim Sterelny: Thought in a Hostile World. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.
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  23.  1
    Investigating How Cultural Transmission Leads to the Appearance of Design Without a Designer in Human Communication Systems.Hannah Cornish - 2010 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 11 (1):112-137.
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  24.  2
    Essays on Cultural Transmission. By Maurice Bloch. Pp. 174. (Berg Publishers, Oxford, 2005.) £16.99, ISBN 1-84520-287-2, Paperback. [REVIEW]Jonathan A. Lanman - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (4):633-634.
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  25.  9
    Another Frame Shift: From Cultural Transmission to Cultural Co-Construction.Barbara J. King - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):154-155.
    Laland et al.'s bidirectional model is a welcome starting point that can be enhanced by a full incorporation of systems thinking into its framework. Systems thinkers note that culture is not transmitted linearly in chunks but is co-constructed within subgroups. Niche construction, particularly among primates, should be studied primarily through the effects that social relationships have on selection pressures.
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  26.  1
    Feeding Innovations and Their Cultural Transmission in Bird Populations.Louis Lefebvre - 2000 - In Celia Heyes & Ludwig Huber (eds.), The Evolution of Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 311--328.
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  27.  16
    Cognitive Predispositions and Cultural Transmission.Pascal Boyer - 2009 - In Pascal Boyer & James Wertsch (eds.), Memory in Mind and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 288.
  28.  9
    Learning to Teach: The Cultural Transmission Analogy.Alanson Van Fleet - 1979 - Journal of Thought 14 (4):281-90.
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  29.  1
    How Do Children Become Workers? Making Sense of Conflicting Accounts of Cultural Transmission in Anthropology and Psychology.Christopher A. J. L. Little & David F. Lancy - 2016 - Ethos 44 (3):269-288.
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  30.  9
    On the Complexity of Cultural Transmission and Evolution.Marcus W. Feldman, Luigi L. Cavalli-Sforza & Lev A. Zhivotovsky - forthcoming - Complexity.
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  31.  4
    Structure Emerges Faster During Cultural Transmission in Children Than in Adults.Vera Kempe, Nicolas Gauvrit & Douglas Forsyth - 2015 - Cognition 136:247-254.
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  32.  1
    Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior.Castro Laureano, Castro-Nogueira Luis, Castro-Nogueira Miguel & Toro Miguel - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):347-360.
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  33.  6
    Validating Cultural Transmission in Cetaceans.Rachel L. Day, Jeremy R. Kendal & Kevin N. Laland - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):330-331.
    The evidence of high cognitive abilities in cetaceans does not stand up to close scrutiny under the standards established by laboratory researchers. This is likely to lead to a sterile debate between laboratory and field researchers unless fresh ways of taking the debate forward are found. A few suggestions as to how to do this are proposed.
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  34.  2
    Cultural Transmission of Learned Behavior Among Male Bobwhite Quail.Dennis H. Passe & Glayde Whitney - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (4):206-208.
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  35.  3
    Cultural Transmission and Economic Development: A Critique of Educational Positivism.Chanan Alexander - 1981 - Educational Theory 31 (3-4):351-358.
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  36.  2
    “European Science in China” or “Western Learning”? Representations of Cross-Cultural Transmission, 1600–1800.Catherine Jami - 1999 - Science in Context 12 (3).
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  37.  2
    This Chapter Deals with the Role and Function of Song in Relation to Individ-Ual and Communal Well-Being in Small Gaelic-Speaking Island Communities, and the Re-Presentation of This Legacy of Song That has Come Down to Recent Times. By Way of Grounding, It Introduces the Island Song Heritage and Out-Lines the Role of Culture and Song and the Cultural Transmission Process Within.Ray Burnett & Kathryn A. Burnett - 2011 - In Godfrey Baldacchino (ed.), Island Songs: A Global Repertoire. Scarecrow Press. pp. 81.
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  38.  1
    Essays on Cultural Transmission. By Maurice Bloch. Pp. 174 + Xi. (Berg, Oxford, New York, 2005.) £16.99, ISBN 184520287-2, Paperback. [REVIEW]Sirojuddin Arif - 2008 - Journal of Biosocial Science 40 (1):159-160.
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  39.  1
    Cultural Transmission is More Than Cultural Learning.Peter Midford - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):529.
  40. The Origin and Cultural Transmission of Feeding Innovations in Birds.L. Lefebvre - 2000 - In Celia Heyes & Ludwig Huber (eds.), The Evolution of Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 311--328.
     
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  41. Books and Boats: Sino-Japanese Relations and Cultural Transmission in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.Oba Osamu & Joshua A. Fogel - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
     
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  42. Cultural Transmission Through Teaching Turkish As a Foreign Language Course Books.Fatih Yilmaz - 2012 - Journal of Turkish Studies 7:2751-2759.
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  43. The Cultural Transmission of Cooperative Norms.Xinyue Zhou, Yan Liu & Benjamin Ho - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  44.  8
    Socio-cultural attitudes to face of the infections of sexual transmission in Medicine students.Marjoris Mirabal Nápoles, José Betancourt Betancour, Yolexis Prieto Cordobés & Neyda Fernández Franch - 2013 - Humanidades Médicas 13 (1):56-71.
    Introducción: Camagüey ocupa el cuarto lugar nacional en cuanto al número de infectados con VIH/SIDA, después de La Habana, Santiago de Cuba y Holguín. Camagüey se encuentra dentro de los 45 municipios con mayor prevalencia en Cuba. Objetivo: identificar las actitudes socioculturales frente a las infecciones de transmisión sexual en estudiantes de primer año de Medicina. Método: en noviembre de 2011 se realizó un estudio analítico, de corte transversal, a una muestra de estudiantes de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas "Carlos (...)
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  45.  67
    Towards a Unified Science of Cultural Evolution.Alex Mesoudi, Andrew Whiten & Kevin N. Laland - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):329-347.
    We suggest that human culture exhibits key Darwinian evolutionary properties, and argue that the structure of a science of cultural evolution should share fundamental features with the structure of the science of biological evolution. This latter claim is tested by outlining the methods and approaches employed by the principal subdisciplines of evolutionary biology and assessing whether there is an existing or potential corresponding approach to the study of cultural evolution. Existing approaches within anthropology and archaeology demonstrate a good (...)
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  46. Feminism, Digital Culture and the Politics of Transmission: Theory, Practice and Cultural Heritage.Deborah Withers - 2015 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Devises a theoretical framework to think through the politics of transmission within feminism. It draws upon and develops the work of Bernard Stiegler to create a theoretical apparatus that can analyze the politics of transmission within digital culture.
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  47.  36
    If We Are All Cultural Darwinians What’s the Fuss About? Clarifying Recent Disagreements in the Field of Cultural Evolution.Alberto Acerbi & Alex Mesoudi - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (4):481-503.
    Cultural evolution studies are characterized by the notion that culture evolves accordingly to broadly Darwinian principles. Yet how far the analogy between cultural and genetic evolution should be pushed is open to debate. Here, we examine a recent disagreement that concerns the extent to which cultural transmission should be considered a preservative mechanism allowing selection among different variants, or a transformative process in which individuals recreate variants each time they are transmitted. The latter is associated with (...)
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  48.  5
    Cross-Cultural Comparison of Learning in Human Hunting.Katharine MacDonald - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (4):386-402.
    This paper is a cross-cultural examination of the development of hunting skills and the implications for the debate on the role of learning in the evolution of human life history patterns. While life history theory has proven to be a powerful tool for understanding the evolution of the human life course, other schools, such as cultural transmission and social learning theory, also provide theoretical insights. These disparate theories are reviewed, and alternative and exclusive predictions are identified. This (...)
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  49.  54
    C.K. Raju. Cultural Foundations of Mathematics: The Nature of Mathematical Proof and the Transmission of the Calculus From India to Europe in the 16th C. Ce. History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization. [REVIEW]José Ferreirós - 2009 - Philosophia Mathematica 17 (3):nkn028.
    This book is part of a major project undertaken by the Centre for Studies in Civilizations , being one of a total of ninety-six planned volumes. The author is a statistician and computer scientist by training, who has concentrated on historical matters for the last ten years or so. The book has very ambitious aims, proposing an alternative philosophy of mathematics and a deviant history of the calculus. Throughout, there is an emphasis on the need to combine history and philosophy (...)
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  50.  41
    The Significance of Non-Vertical Transmission of Phenotype for the Evolution of Altruism.Scott Woodcock - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (2):213-234.
    My aim in this paper is to demonstrate that a very simple learning rule based on imitation can help to sustain altruism as a culturally transmitted pattern or behaviour among agents playing a standard prisoner’s dilemma game. The point of this demonstration is not to prove that imitation is single-handedly responsible for existing levels of altruism (a thesis that is false), nor is the point to show that imitation is an important factor in explanations for the evolution of altruism (a (...)
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