Results for 'cybernetics'

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  1.  33
    Cybernetics.Norbert Wiener - 1961 - New York: M.I.T. Press.
  2.  48
    An Introduction to Cybernetics.W. Ross Ashby - 1956 - New York: J. Wiley.
    We must, therefore, make a study of mechanism; but some introduction is advisable, for cybernetics treats the subject from a new, and therefore unusual, ...
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  3.  73
    Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Kenneth Sayre - 1976 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    This book, published in 1976, presents an entirely original approach to the subject of the mind-body problem, examining it in terms of the conceptual links between the physical sciences and the sciences of human behaviour. It is based on the cybernetic concepts of information and feedback and on the related concepts of thermodynamic and communication-theoretic entropy. The foundation of the approach is the theme of continuity between evolution, learning and human consciousness. The author defines life as a process of energy (...)
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  4.  38
    Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine.E. N. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):736-737.
  5. Cybernetics.Norbert Wiener - 1949 - Philosophy of Science 16 (2):159-160.
     
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  6.  6
    Cybernetics and the Human Sciences.Stefanos Geroulanos & Leif Weatherby - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (1):3-11.
    Cybernetics saturates the humanities. Norbert Wiener’s movement gave vocabulary and hardware to developments all across the early digital era, and still does so today to those who seek to interpret it. Even while the Macy Conferences were still taking place in the early 1950s, talk of feedback and information and pattern had spread to popular culture – and to Europe. The new science created a shared language and culture for surpassing political and intellectual ideas that could be relegated to (...)
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  7. Cybernetics and Management.Stafford Beer - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):258-258.
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  8.  28
    Less Cybernetics, More Geometry….René Thom - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):166-167.
  9.  27
    Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Christopher S. Hill - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (3):494.
  10. Eco-Cybernetics: The Ecology and Cybernetics of Missing Emergences.Donato Bergandi - 2000 - Kybernetes 29 (7/8):928-942..
    Considers that in ecosystem, landscape and global ecology, an energetics reading of ecological systems is an expression of a cybernetic, systemic and holistic approach. In ecosystem ecology, the Odumian paradigm emphasizes the concept of emergence, but it has not been accompanied by the creation of a method that fully respects the complexity of the objects studied. In landscape ecology, although the emergentist, multi-level, triadic methodology of J.K. Feibleman and D.T. Campbell has gained acceptance, the importance of emergent properties is still (...)
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  11.  19
    Cybernetics, Reflexivity and Second-Order Science.L. H. Kauffman - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):489-497.
    Context: Second-order cybernetics and its implications have been understood within the cybernetics community for some time. These implications are important for understanding the structure of scientific endeavor, and for researchers in other fields to see the reflexive nature of scientific research. This article is about the role of context in the creation and exploration of our experience. Problem: The purpose of this article is to point out the fundamental nature of the circularity in cybernetics and in scientific (...)
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  12.  19
    Why Cybernetics? Why Love?Jocelyn Chapman - 2019 - World Futures 75 (1-2):1-4.
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  13.  13
    Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine.Alonzo Church - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):127-127.
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  14.  9
    Population Genetics, Cybernetics of Difference, and Pasts in the Present: Soviet and Post-Soviet Maps on Human Variation.Susanne Bauer - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (5):146-167.
    This article is about ‘genogeographic’ maps produced by late-Soviet geneticists and published during post-Soviet time. It focuses on the visual and numerical techniques scientists used to project genetic data onto geographic space. Rather than discussing their representational character, I follow these visuals as ‘folded objects’, describing the layering and realigning of measurements and temporalities as well as the shifts in the practices and meanings of genetics. In the 1970s Soviet biological anthropologists transformed scattered data points by means of spatial statistics (...)
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  15.  40
    Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science.S. A. Umpleby - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):455-465.
    Context: The term “second-order cybernetics” was introduced by von Foerster in 1974 as the “cybernetics of observing systems,” both the act of observing systems and systems that observe. Since then, the term has been used by many authors in articles and books and has been the subject of many conference panels and symposia. Problem: The term is still not widely known outside the fields of cybernetics and systems science and the importance and implications of the work associated (...)
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  16.  4
    An Introduction to Cybernetics[REVIEW]W. R. Ashby - 1957 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35:147.
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  17.  16
    Cybernetics: Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems.H. von Foerster - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (4):346-347.
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  18.  58
    Cybernetics and Theories of Mind.Glenn Negley - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (September):574-82.
  19. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics.N. Katherine Hayles - 1999 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" _Star Trek_-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In _How We Became Posthuman,_ N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost (...)
     
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  20.  82
    Ethics and Cybernetics: Levinasian Reflections. [REVIEW]Richard A. Cohen - 2000 - Ethics and Information Technology 2 (1):27-35.
    Is cybernetics good, bad, or indifferent? SherryTurkle enlists deconstructive theory to celebrate thecomputer age as the embodiment of difference. Nolonger just a theory, one can now live a virtual life. Within a differential but ontologically detachedfield of signifiers, one can construct and reconstructegos and environments from the bottom up andendlessly. Lucas Introna, in contrast, enlists theethical philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas to condemn thesame computer age for increasing the distance betweenflesh and blood people. Mediating the face-to-facerelation between real people, allowing (...)
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  21.  17
    The Cybernetics of Competition: A Biologist's View of Society.Garrett Hardin - 1963 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 7 (1):58-84.
  22.  15
    Living and Loving Cybernetics.Jocelyn Chapman - 2019 - World Futures 75 (1-2):92-100.
    How we learn to interpret our experiences influences the sorts of experiences we seek. In other words, habits of mind become habits of action. Cybernetics, as a way of thinking, changes how we act. My testimony demonstrates that the appeal of cybernetics remains strong today, for those who are lucky enough to stumble across its beauty, as I was. Cybernetics contributed to the theoretical foundation and conceptualization of my dissertation, and it positively influences my teaching, whether I (...)
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  23.  11
    Automation Cybernetics and Society.H. B. Enderton - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):544-544.
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  24.  23
    Tin Men: Ethics, Cybernetics and the Importance of Soul.Valerie Morkevicius - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (1):3-19.
    (2014). Tin Men: Ethics, Cybernetics and the Importance of Soul. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 3-19. doi: 10.1080/15027570.2014.908011.
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  25.  9
    Analogue Apollo: Cybernetics and the Space Age.Christopher Johnson - 2008 - Paragraph 31 (3):304-326.
    This article re-examines some of the principal concepts of cybernetics — control, communication, feedback — and its preoccupation with the ‘coupling’ of human and machine in an increasingly automated world. Historically, the rise of cybernetics coincides with the so-called Space Age, where the kind of computerized control systems theorized in cybernetics were essential to the guidance and operation of the complex machinery required to place humans and machines in space. Taking the Apollo programme as a paradigmatic case (...)
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  26. A Critique of Cybernetics.Hans Jonas - 1953 - Social Research.
     
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  27.  94
    Beyond Design: Cybernetics, Biological Computers and Hylozoism.Andrew Pickering - 2009 - Synthese 168 (3):469-491.
    The history of British cybernetics offers us a different form of science and engineering, one that does not seek to dominate nature through knowledge. I want to say that one can distinguish two different paradigms in the history of science and technology: the one that Heidegger despised, which we could call the Modern paradigm, and another, cybernetic, nonModern, paradigm that he might have approved of. This essay focusses on work in the 1950s and early 1960s by two of Britain’s (...)
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  28.  45
    From AI to Cybernetics.Keizo Sato - 1991 - AI and Society 5 (2):155-161.
    Well-known critics of AI such as Hubert Dreyfus and Michael Polanyi tend to confuse cybernetics with AI. Such a confusion is quite misleading and should not be overlooked. In the first place, cybernetics is not vulnerable to criticism of AI as cognitivistic and behaviouristic. In the second place, AI researchers are recommended to consider the cybernetics approach as a way of overcoming the limitations of cognitivism and behaviourism.
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  29.  8
    Visualization, Interpretation, and Cognitive Cybernetics.Gaynor S. Paton & Jonathan Henderson - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (3):SX41-SX48.
    Interpretation of 3D seismic data involves the analysis and integration of many forms and derivatives of the original reflectivity data. This can lead to the generation of an overwhelming amount of data that can be difficult to use effectively when relying on conventional interpretation techniques. Our natural cognitive processes have evolved so that we can absorb and understand large amounts of complex data extremely quickly and effectively. However, these cognitive processes are heavily influenced by context and color perception. Seismic interpretation (...)
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  30.  33
    Philosophical Foundations of Cybernetics.F. H. George - 1979 - Abacus Press.
    Artificial intelligence and the interrogation game; Scientific method and explanation; Godel's incompleteness theorem; Determinism and uncertainty; Axioms, theorems and formalisation; Creativity; Consciousness and free will; Pragmatics; A ...
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  31.  16
    Synechism, Socialism, and Cybernetics.Joseph L. Esposito - 1973 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 9 (2):63 - 78.
  32.  88
    Organizational Cybernetics as a Tool Box to Assist in the Development of Evolutionary Learning Networks.Angela Espinosa - 2004 - World Futures 60 (1 & 2):137 – 145.
    Organizational cybernetics offers theoretical and methodological support for self-organizing communities seeking to contribute to the conscious evolution of society. Previous experiences with the Viable Systems Model (VSM) and Team Syntegrity (TS) illustrate ways of enabling social networks to create a shared language, reach democratic agreements, and develop knowledge networks.
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  33.  28
    Cybernetics as a Usable Past: Andrew Pickering: The Cybernetic Brain: Sketches of Another Future. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010, X+526pp, US$55.00 HB.Ronald R. Kline - 2011 - Metascience 20 (3):519-524.
    Cybernetics as a usable past Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9497-x Authors Ronald R. Kline, Science and Technology Studies Department, 334 Rockefeller Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  34.  2
    Feedback and Cybernetics: Reimaging the Body in the Age of the Cyborg.David Tomas - 1995 - Body and Society 1 (3-4):21-43.
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  35. The Human Use of Human Beings. Cybernetics and Society.Norbert Wiener - 1952 - Philosophy 27 (102):249-251.
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  36.  32
    Cybernetics and Mind-Body Problems.Keith Gunderson - 1969 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 12 (1-4):406-19.
    It is asked to what extent answers to such questions as ?Can machines think??, ?Could robots have feelings?? might be expected to yield insight into traditional mind?body questions. It has sometimes been assumed that answering the first set of questions would be the same as answering the second. Against this approach other philosophers have argued that answering the first set of questions would not help us to answer the second. It is argued that both of these assessments are mistaken. It (...)
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  37.  72
    Philosophy And Cybernetics.Frederick J. Crosson (ed.) - 1967 - Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
  38.  16
    Cybernetics and Life.E. B. Babskii & E. S. Gelle - 1970 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 8 (4):354-370.
    The ideas and methods of cybernetics are increasingly penetrating the biological and medical sciences, and today we are justified in speaking of a new branch of science: biological and medical cybernetics. This branch already has a number of important and encouraging subfields.
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  39.  21
    Neuro-Cybernetics of Socio-Scientific Systems.Masudul Alam Choudhury & Mohammad Shahadat Hossain - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (1):59-83.
    The field of information technology is broadened up to the domain of ‘learning’ systems and cybernetics. In covering this extension of the field due recourse is made to the epistemological basis of theory construction. When so comprehended, information technology becomes a philosophical inquiry on a variety of social, scientific and technological issues. A new idea that we refer to as neuro-cybernetics is born. The term neuro-cybernetics is used to delineate the epistemological field of system and cybernetic study. (...)
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  40.  16
    Finding Cybernetics.Bruce Clarke - 2019 - World Futures 75 (1-2):17-28.
    At mid-career as a tenured professor of modern literature, I finally found cybernetics. It was a slow-rolling revelation, a protracted unraveling, for it took me quite a while to unwrap cybernetics’ conceptual core from out of the layers of adjacent or covering discourses that had obscured or forgotten their own origins in the fecundity of cybernetic ideas. Heinz von Foerster’s relation to the Whole Earth Catalog and the systems counterculture around CoEvolution Quarterly were instrumental for my subsequent cybernetic (...)
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  41.  17
    Cybernetics: Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems. Transactions of the Tenth Conference, April 22, 23, and 24, 1953, Princeton, N. J. [REVIEW]S. D. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (2):373-373.
    The program of which the cybernetics conferences are a part is described as "an experiment in communication, still in progress," in which the emphasis is on informal and critical discussion rather than uninterrupted presentation of formal papers. The articles have a refreshing frankness about them. Included are an introduction and a summing up of the previous nine conferences by Warren S. McCulloch, and articles on brain activity, on measures of semantic information, and on the nature and acquisition of meaning (...)
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  42.  2
    Cybernetics Is an Antihumanism. Technoscience and the Rebellion Against the Human Condition.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - 2018 - In Bernadette Bensaude Vincent, Xavier Guchet & Sacha Loeve (eds.), French Philosophy of Technology: Classical Readings and Contemporary Approaches. Springer Verlag. pp. 139-156.
    There is no science that does not rest on a metaphysics, though typically it remains concealed. It is the responsibility of the philosopher to uncover this metaphysics, and then to subject it to criticism. What I have tried to show is that cybernetics, far from being the apotheosis of Cartesian humanism, as Heidegger supposed, actually represented a crucial moment in its demystification, and indeed in its deconstruction.
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  43.  5
    Cybernetics and the Problem of Goals.E. Kh Gimel'shteib - 1966 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 4 (4):49-55.
    Goals, purposefulness, and appropriateness are philosophical categories that are rather widely employed in cybernetics. However, the needed exactness in the use of these concepts and, above all, of the concept "goal," is lacking. As a rule, writers employing that concept do not explain what precisely they designate as the "goal" in the functioning of a given cybernetic system. Does the system itself set the goal toward which the system "consciously" strives? Or does man set the goal for the automatic (...)
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  44.  9
    Cybernetics, Conversation and Consensus: Designing Academic Conferences.J. Lombardi - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):79-81.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Designing Academic Conferences in the Light of Second-Order Cybernetics” by Laurence D. Richards. Upshot: Richards offers a variety of second-order concepts relevant when designing academic conferences. I insist and add on a few ideas. An emphasis for both: How can one design a space and structure that encourages deep conversations?
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  45.  15
    Classical Cybernetics and Transhumanism: A Reply to Richmond’s Review of The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics.Alcibiades Malapi-Nelson - 2019 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 49 (1):64-68.
    Sheldon Richmond has written an insightful and exhaustive review of my book The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics: A Transhumanist Lesson for Emerging Technologies. Richmond voices concerns regarding some suggestions I made about the future of humanity vis-à-vis a contemporary cybernetic reinstantiation in the form of Emerging Technologies. He suggests that future cybernetically rooted sciences can pose peril for the human condition. This reply is intended to clarify certain points that Richmond brings up, by means (...)
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  46.  4
    Cybernetics and the Russian Intellectual Tradition.T. A. Medvedeva - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 10:37-45.
    Understanding the differences between scientific approaches to cybernetics is difficult because of the very different histories and intellectual traditions in Russia and the West, i.e. the U.S. and Europe. This paper, firstly, describes the peculiarities of the Russian style of scientific thinking, considering as an example Alexander Bogdanov’s theory in context of the Russian intellectual tradition. Secondly, the paper compares Vladimir E. Lepskiy’s and Stuart A. Umpleby’s theories of cybernetics looking at them through the prism of Russian and (...)
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  47.  9
    Cybernetics and Synergetics as Foundations for Complex Approach Towards Complexities of Life.L. Šugman Bohinc - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):530-532.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Cybernetic Foundations for Psychology” by Bernard Scott. Upshot: Based on my personal and professional experiences as a university teacher of social work, systemic psychotherapy, and education, I suggest the concepts of third-order cybernetics and synergetics as a support to creating a more unified and integrated framework of psychology to better understand and deal with complex, self-organizing systems.
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  48.  3
    Cybernetics for the Command Economy: Foregrounding Entropy in Late Soviet Planning.Diana Kurkovsky West - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (1):36-51.
    The Soviet Union had a long and complex relationship with cybernetics, especially in the domain of planning. This article looks at Soviet postwar efforts to draw up plans for the rapidly developing, industrializing, and urbanizing Siberia, where cybernetic models were used to develop a vision of cybernetic socialism. Removed from Moscow bureaucracy and politics, the various planning institutes of the Siberian Academy of Sciences became a key frontier for exploring the potential of cybernetic thinking to offer a necessary corrective (...)
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  49.  59
    Biosemiotics and the Foundation of Cybersemiotics: Reconceptualizing the Insights of Ethology, Second-Order Cybernetics, and Peirce’s Semiotics in Biosemiotics to Create a Non-Cartesian Information Science.Søren Brier - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):169-198.
    Any great new theoretical framework has an epistemological and an ontological aspect to its philosophy as well as an axiological one, and one needs to understand all three aspects in order to grasp the deep aspiration and idea of the theoretical framework. Presently, there is a widespread effort to understand C. S. Peirce's (1837–1914) pragmaticistic semeiotics, and to develop it by integrating the results of modern science and evolutionary thinking; first, producing a biosemiotics and, second, by integrating it with the (...)
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  50.  12
    Philosophical-Methodological Basis for the Formation of Third-Order Cybernetics.V. E. Lepskiy - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 10:7-36.
    In the paper, a philosophical and methodological analysis of the evolution of cybernetics in the context of the development of scientific rationality is carried out. The evolution of cybernetics is represented as a movement from the methodology of “observable systems” and to the methodology of “observing systems” and to the methodology of self-developing reflexive-active environments. Special attention is paid to the formation of a new promising direction for post-non-classical cybernetics of self-developing poly-subject environments, which, given the correlation (...)
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