Results for 'definiteness'

136 found
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  1.  26
    Definiteness and Determinacy.Elizabeth Coppock & David Beaver - 2015 - Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (5):377-435.
    This paper distinguishes between definiteness and determinacy. Definiteness is seen as a morphological category which, in English, marks a uniqueness presupposition, while determinacy consists in denoting an individual. Definite descriptions are argued to be fundamentally predicative, presupposing uniqueness but not existence, and to acquire existential import through general type-shifting operations that apply not only to definites, but also indefinites and possessives. Through these shifts, argumental definite descriptions may become either determinate or indeterminate. The latter option is observed in (...)
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  2.  43
    (In)Definiteness, Polarity, and the Role of Wh-Morphology in Free Choice.Anastasia Giannakidou & Lisa Cheng - 2006 - Journal of Semantics 23 (2):135-183.
    In this paper we reconsider the issue of free choice and the role of the wh-morphology employed in it. We show that the property of being an interrogative wh-word alone is not sufficient for free choice, and that semantic and sometimes even morphological definiteness is a pre-requisite for some free choice items (FCIs) in certain languages, e.g. in Greek and Mandarin Chinese. We propose a theory that explains the polarity behaviour of FCIs cross-linguistically, and allows indefinite (Giannakidou 2001) as (...)
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  3. Definiteness and Indefiniteness.Barbara Abbott - 2004 - In Laurence R. Horn & Gregory Ward (eds.), Handbook of Pragmatics. Blackwell.
    The prototypes of definiteness and indefiniteness in English are the definite article the and the indefinite article a/an, and singular noun phrases (NPs)1 determined by them. That being the case it is not to be predicted that the concepts, whatever their content, will extend satisfactorily to other determiners or NP types. However it has become standard to extend these notions. Of the two categories definites have received rather more attention, and more than one researcher has characterized the category of (...)
     
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  4.  14
    Zermelo: Definiteness and the Universe of Definable Sets.Heinz-Dieter Ebbinghaus - 2003 - History and Philosophy of Logic 24 (3):197-219.
    Using hitherto unpublished manuscripts from the Zermelo Nachlass, I describe the development of the notion of definiteness and the discussion about it, giving a conclusive picture of Zermelo's thoughts up to the late thirties. As it turns out, Zermelo's considerations about definiteness are intimately related to his concept of a Cantorian universe of categorically definable sets that may be considered an inner model of set theory in an ideationally given universe of classes.
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  5.  15
    The Ingredients of Definiteness and the Definiteness Effect.Alessandro Zucchi - 1995 - Natural Language Semantics 3 (1):33-78.
    Keenan (1987) observed that trivial determiners built from basic existential determiners (e.g.,either zero or else more than zero) are allowed inthere-insertion contexts, and that trivial determiners built from basic non-existential determiners (e.g.,either all or else not all) are not. This result is unexpected under the analyses ofthere-sentences proposed in Barwise and Cooper (1981), Higginbotham (1987), and Keenan (1987). I argue that the class of NPs barred from the postverbal position ofthere-sentences (strong NPs) is correctly characterized in presuppositional terms, as suggested (...)
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  6.  49
    Number Marking and (in)Definiteness in Kind Terms.Veneeta Dayal - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (4):393-450.
    This paper explores the link between number marking and(in)definiteness in nominals and their interpretation. Differencesbetween bare singulars and plurals in languages without determinersare explained by treating bare nominals as kind terms. Differencesarise, it is argued, because singular and plural kinds relatedifferently to their instantiations. In languages with determiners,singular kinds typically occur with the definite determiner, butplural/mass kinds can be bare in some languages and definite inothers. An account of singular kinds in terms of taxonomic readingsis proposed, with number marking (...)
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  7.  17
    Specificity and Definiteness in Sentence and Discourse Structure.K. von Heusinger - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (3):245-274.
    The paper gives a contrastive analysis of the two semantic categories specificity and definiteness. It argues against the traditional picture that assumes that specific expressions are a subclass of indefinite NPs. The paper rather assumes that the two categories are independent of each other. Definiteness expresses the discourse pragmatic property of familiarity, while specificity mirrors a more finely grained referential structure of the items used in the discourse. A specific NP indicates that it is referentially anchored to another (...)
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  8. Remarks on Definiteness in Warlpiri.Maria Bittner & Ken Hale - 1995 - In Emmon Bach, Eloise Jelinek, Angelika Kratzer & Barbara Partee (eds.), Quantification in Natural Languages. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    In this paper, we discuss some rather puzzling facts concerning the semantics of Warlpiri expressions of cardinality, i.e. the Warlpiri counterparts of English expressions like one,two, many, how many. The morphosyntactic evidence, discussed in section 1, suggests that the corresponding expressions in Warlpiri are nominal, just like the Warlpiri counterparts of prototypical nouns, eg. child. We also argue that Warlpiri has no articles or any other items of the syntactic category D(eterminer). In section 2, we describe three types of readings— (...)
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  9.  25
    Definiteness and the Processing of Noun Phrases in Natural Discourse.Kari Fraurud - 1990 - Journal of Semantics 7 (4):395-433.
    Definiteness is commonly seen as the watershed between those noun phrases (NPs) that introduce new referents and those that refer to referents already familiar. Furthermore, for definite NPs, the anaphoric use is taken to be the paradigm case, while other, so-called first-mention uses are regarded as secondary. The aim of the present paper is to challenge this view, and to argue for a more complex picture of the role of definiteness in the processing of NPs. The paper consists (...)
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  10.  14
    This is Definitely Specific: Specificity and Definiteness in Article Systems. [REVIEW]Tania Ionin - 2006 - Natural Language Semantics 14 (2):175-234.
    This paper argues for the reality of specificity as noteworthiness, a concept built upon Fodor and Sag’s (1982) view of referentiality. Support for this view of specificity comes from the behavior of indefinite this in spoken English, as well as from specificity markers in Samoan, Hebrew, and Sissala. It is shown that the conditions on the use of this-indefinites cannot be accounted for by previous analyses of specificity. The relationship between definiteness and specificity in article systems crosslinguistically is examined, (...)
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  11.  67
    The Indefiniteness of Definiteness.Barbara Abbott - unknown
    This paper is about the difficulties involved in establishing criteria for definiteness. A number of possibilities are considered – traditional ones such as strength, uniqueness, and familiarity, as well as several which have been suggested in the wake of Montague’s analysis of NPs as generalized quantifiers. My tentative conclusion is that Russell’s uniqueness characteristic (suitably modified) holds up well against the others.
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  12.  78
    Definiteness and Identification in English.Barbara Abbott - manuscript
    Many characterizations of definiteness in natural language have been given. However a number of them converge on a single idea involving uniqueness of applicability of a property. This paper will attempt to do two things. One is to try to unify some of these current views of definiteness, seeing them as drawing out Gricean conversational implicatures of the uniqueness concept, and the other is to try a more articulated approach to dealing with some recalcitrant counterexamples. I will focus (...)
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  13.  22
    Intransitive Accomplishments and the Lexicon: The Role of Implicit Arguments, Definiteness, and Reflexivity in Aspectual Composition.S. Engelberg - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (4):369-416.
    Theories of aspectual composition assume that accomplishments arise when a transitive verb has an incremental theme argument which is realized as a quantized NP—foremost, an NP which is not a mass noun or a bare plural—in direct object position. A problem confronting this assumption is the large number of intransitive, unergative verbs in German and English that occur in accomplishment expressions. The paper argues that this problem can be solved within a standard theory of aspectual composition if additional, independently motivated (...)
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  14. Giannakidou and Rathert, Eds. Quantification, Definiteness, and Nominalization.Anastasia Giannakidou - manuscript
    The papers in this volume are updated versions of talks that were presented at the workshop QP structure, Nominalizations, and the role of DP that we organized at Saarland University, Germany, in December 2005. Although the connection between QP structure and definiteness, on the one hand, and nominalizations and definiteness on the other, were long observed in the literature, there has never been an attempt to bring the three together, and our aim at the workshop was to do (...)
     
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  15.  7
    Value-Definiteness and Contextualism: Cut and Paste with Hilbert Space.Allen Stairs - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:91 - 103.
    I begin with an appeal to the GHZ/Mermin state to illustrate the allure of contextualism and value-definiteness. I then point out that standard contextualism, with its special status for non-degenerate operators, faces some embarrassing questions. Further, there is an alternative that apparently does not have the same problems. A modest re-pasting of Hilbert space makes the honors almost even between these two varieties. The paper closes with some reflections on the peculiarities of contextualism.
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  16. Definiteness, Contextual Domain Restriction, and Quantifier Structure: A Crosslinguistic Perspective.Anastasia Giannakidou - unknown
    In this paper, we present a theory of interaction between definiteness and quantifier structure, where the definite determiner (D) performs the function of contextually restricting the domain of quantificational determiners (Qs). Our motivating data come from Greek and Basque, where D appears to compose with the Q itself. Similar compositions are found in Hungarian and Bulgarian. Following earlier work (Giannakidou 2004, Etxeberria 2005, Etxeberria and Giannakidou 2009) we define a domain restricting function DDR, in which D modifies the Q (...)
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  17. Definiteness and Indefiniteness.Irene Heim - 2011 - In Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. De Gruyter Mouton.
     
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  18.  23
    The Definiteness Effect: Semantics or Pragmatics? [REVIEW]Ed Keenan - 2003 - Natural Language Semantics 11 (2):187-216.
    In this paper I propose and defend a semantically based account of the distribution of DPs in existential there-sentences in English in opposition to the pragmatic account proposed in Zucchi (1995). The two analyses share many features, making it possible to study variation along the semantics/pragmatics dimension while holding the rest constant.
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  19.  62
    Quantum Logic, Realism, and Value Definiteness.Allen Stairs - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (4):578-602.
    One of the most interesting programs in the foundations of quantum mechanics is the realist quantum logic approach associated with Putnam, Bub, Demopoulos and Friedman (and which is the focus of my own research.) I believe that realist quantum logic is our best hope for making sense of quantum mechanics, but I have come to suspect that the usual version may not be the correct one. In this paper, I would like to say why and to propose an alternative.
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  20.  65
    Discussion Note: Definiteness and Proper Names: Some Bad News for the Description Theory.Abbott Barbara - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (2):191-201.
    This paper addresses some data put forward by Geurts (1997) in support of his metalinguistic or quotation theory of proper names, according to which a name N means ‘the individual named N’. The data illustrate ten linguistic behaviours claimed to be shared by proper names and definite descriptions. I argue that in some cases the behaviours have a common explanation which is based on a property independent of Geurts' analysis, and that in the remaining cases the behaviours are not actually (...)
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  21.  58
    Comments on "Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics, Joint Measurement of Incompatible Observables, and Counterfactual Definiteness".H. P. Stapp - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (12):1665-1669.
    Some seeming logical deficiencies in a recent paper are described. The author responds to the arguments of the work by de Muynck, De Baere, and Martens , who argue it is widely accepted today that some sort of nonlocal effect is needed to resolve the problems raised by the works of Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen and John Bell. In MBM a variety of arguments are set forth that aim to invalidate the existing purported proofs of nonlocality and to provide, moreover, (...)
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  22.  59
    Quantum Mechanics and Value Definiteness.Itamar Pitowsky - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (1):154-156.
  23.  34
    Mood as Verbal Definiteness in a" Tenseless" Language.Mark Baker & Lisa Travis - 1997 - Natural Language Semantics 5 (3):213-269.
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  24.  35
    Definiteness and Knowability.Timothy Williamson - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (S1):171-192.
  25. Definiteness and Indefiniteness: A Study in Reference and Grammaticality Prediction.John A. Hawkins - 1980 - Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (3):419-427.
     
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  26.  17
    Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics, Joint Measurement of Incompatible Observables, and Counterfactual Definiteness.W. M. De Muynck, W. De Baere & H. Martens - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (12):1589-1664.
    The validity of the conclusion to the nonlocality of quantum mechanics, accepted widely today as the only reasonable solution to the EPR and Bell issues, is questioned and criticized. Arguments are presented which remove the compelling character of this conclusion and make clear that it is not the most obvious solution. Alternative solutions are developed which are free of the contradictions related with the nonlocality conclusion. Firstly, the dependence on the adopted interpretation is shown, with the conclusion that the alleged (...)
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  27. Higher-Order Vagueness and Paradox: The Glory and Misery of S4 Definiteness.Elia Zardini - 2005 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 1.
     
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  28.  25
    Counterfactual Definiteness and Local Causation.Brian Skyrms - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):43-50.
    Bell's Theorem is proved for locality and conservation formulated in terms of subjunctive conditionals with chance consequents, rather than the usual conditional probability formulation. This brings into sharp focus the minimal counterfactual assumptions needed for Bell's theorem.
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  29. Possessors and Definiteness Effects in Two Austronesian Languages.Sandra Chung - 2008 - In Lisa Matthewson (ed.), Quantification: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Emerald. pp. 179--224.
  30.  3
    Reduced Conditionals in German: Event Quantification and Definiteness[REVIEW]Bernhard Schwarz - 1998 - Natural Language Semantics 6 (3):271-301.
    This paper investigates German conditionals that are reduced in the sense that their consequent clauses lack a verb and possibly more material. Focusing on readings in which conditionals quantify over events, it is shown that there are a number of semantic contrasts between reduced conditionals and their non-reduced versions. These contrasts are derived in a unified way from a hypothesis as to how the truth conditions of a reduced conditional relate to those of its non-reduced version. This hypothesis is in (...)
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  31.  18
    Comments on “Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics, Joint Measurement of Incompatible Observables, and Counterfactual Definiteness”.Henry P. Stapp - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (12):1665-1669.
    Some seeming logical deficiencies in a recent paper are described.
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  32.  34
    A Note on Mandarin Possessives, Demonstratives, and Definiteness.Barbara Partee - manuscript
    Yang (2004) observes that in Mandarin, an initial possessor phrase (PossessorP) may be followed by a bare noun as in (1), or by a possessee phrase that can be headed by a numeral and classifier, [Numeral + CL + N], as in (2) or by a demonstrative, [Dem + (Numeral) + CL + N] as in (3). (In all the examples in this section, we begin with Yang’s own initial glosses and translations3. The interpretation of the examples will be probed (...)
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  33.  26
    On the Independence of the Axioms of Definiteness (Axiome der Bestimmtheit).Abraham Robinsohn - 1939 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (2):69-72.
  34.  21
    Definiteness and Coherence in Sense-Perception.Maurice Mandelbaum - 1967 - Noûs 1 (2):123-138.
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  35.  17
    Definiteness, Inverse Linking, and Narrowing.Uli Sauerland, Lucas Champollion & Stanford SemFest - unknown
    (1) adapted from (Higginbotham, 2006): (black instead of red) a. Do you see the man in (or: wearing) the black hat? b. #Do you see the man in (or: wearing) a black hat?
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  36.  1
    Definiteness and Knowability.Timothy Williamson - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (Supplement):171-191.
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  37.  3
    Borderline Cases and Definiteness.Zoltán Vecsey - 2012 - Prolegomena 11 (2):197-206.
  38.  2
    A Note on the Definiteness-Effect.Eric Reuland - 1983 - In Alice G. B. ter Meulen (ed.), Studies in Modeltheoretic Semantics. Foris Publications. pp. 1--127.
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  39.  2
    Definiteness Effect: The Case of Russian.Elena Paducheva - 2000 - In Klaus von Heusinger & Urs Egli (eds.), Reference and Anaphoric Relations. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 133--146.
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  40.  1
    Review: Abraham Robinsohn, On the Independence of the Axioms of Definiteness[REVIEW]Andrzej Mostowski - 1939 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (4):165-165.
  41.  1
    Limited Definiteness of ‘God’ in Spinoza’s System. Answer to Heine Siebrand.Arne Naess - 1986 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 28 (2):275-283.
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  42. Contextual Domain Restriction, Familiarity and Definiteness: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective.Urtzi Etxeberria & Anastasia Giannakidou - 2010 - In François Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic & Neftali Villanueva (eds.), Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity. Mouton de Gruyter.
  43. "Definiteness and Indefiniteness: A Study in Reference and Grammaticality Prediction" by John A. Hawkins. [REVIEW]Martin Harris - 1979 - Linguistics and Philosophy 3:419.
     
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  44. E. J. Reuland and A. G. B. Ter Meulen "the Representation of Definiteness". [REVIEW]R. Harris - 1988 - History and Philosophy of Logic 9 (2):250.
     
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  45. Robinsohn Abraham. On the Independence of the Axioms of Definiteness.Andrzej Mostowski - 1939 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (4):165.
  46. Hawkins, J.A., Definiteness and Indefiniteness. [REVIEW]P. Swiggers - 1981 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 43:200.
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  47.  6
    Husserl and Hilbert on Completeness, Still.Jairo Jose da Silva - 2016 - Synthese 193 (6):1925-1947.
    In the first year of the twentieth century, in Gottingen, Husserl delivered two talks dealing with a problem that proved central in his philosophical development, that of imaginary elements in mathematics. In order to solve this problem Husserl introduced a logical notion, called “definiteness”, and variants of it, that are somehow related, he claimed, to Hilbert’s notions of completeness. Many different interpretations of what precisely Husserl meant by this notion, and its relations with Hilbert’s ones, have been proposed, but (...)
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  48.  10
    Husserl and Hilbert on Completeness, Still.Jairo Jose da Silva - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    In the first year of the twentieth century, in Gottingen, Husserl delivered two talks dealing with a problem that proved central in his philosophical development, that of imaginary elements in mathematics. In order to solve this problem Husserl introduced a logical notion, called “definiteness”, and variants of it, that are somehow related, he claimed, to Hilbert’s notions of completeness. Many different interpretations of what precisely Husserl meant by this notion, and its relations with Hilbert’s ones, have been proposed, but (...)
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  49. On the Consequences of Retaining the General Validity of Locality in Physical Theory.W. De Baere - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (1):33-56.
    The empirical validity of the locality (LOC) principle of relativity is used to argue in favour of a local hidden variable theory (HVT) for individual quantum processes. It is shown that such a HVT may reproduce the statistical predictions of quantum mechanics (QM), provided the reproducibility of initial hidden variable states is limited. This means that in a HVT limits should be set to the validity of the notion of counterfactual definiteness (CFD). This is supported by the empirical evidence (...)
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  50.  47
    A Semantic Solution to the Problem of Hungarian Object Agreement.Elizabeth Coppock - 2013 - Natural Language Semantics 21 (4):345-371.
    This paper offers a semantically-based solution to the problem of predicting whether a verb will display the subjective conjugation or the objective conjugation in Hungarian. This alternation correlates with the definiteness of the object, but definiteness is not a completely reliable indicator of the subjective/objective alternation, nor is specificity. A prominent view is that the subjective/objective alternation is conditioned by the syntactic category of the object, but this view has also been shown to be untenable. This paper offers (...)
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