Results for 'definition'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. The Socratic Fallacy and the Epistemological Priority of Definitional Knowledge1 David Wolfsdorf.Definitional Knowledge - 2004 - Apeiron 37:35.
  2. An Attempted Definition of Man, by G.G.G. G. & Attempted Definition - 1867
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  20
    Set Theory Influenced Logic, Both Through its Semantics, by Expanding the Possible Models of Various Theories and by the Formal Definition of a Model; and Through its Syntax, by Allowing for Logical Languages in Which Formulas Can Be Infinite in Length or in Which the Number of Symbols is Uncountable.Truth Definitions - 1998 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 4 (3).
  4. Definition and Essence in Metaphysics Vii 4.Lucas Angioni - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):75-100.
    I discuss Aristotle's treatment of essence and definition in Metaphysics VII.4. I argue that it is coherent and perfectly in accord with its broader context. His discussion in VII.4 offers, on the one hand, minimal criteria for what counts as definition and essence for whatever kind of object, but also, on the other hand, stronger criteria for a primary sort of definition and essence—and thereby it serves the interest of book VII in pointing to the explanatory power (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  5. Definition.Richard Robinson - 1950 - Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
    The purpose of this book is to clarify the concept of definition and improve defining activities.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  6. A Definition, Benchmark and Database of AI for Social Good Initiatives.Josh Cowls, Andreas Tsmadaos, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Nature Machine Intelligence 3:111–⁠115.
    Initiatives relying on artificial intelligence (AI) to deliver socially beneficial outcomes—AI for social good (AI4SG)—are on the rise. However, existing attempts to understand and foster AI4SG initiatives have so far been limited by the lack of normative analyses and a shortage of empirical evidence. In this Perspective, we address these limitations by providing a definition of AI4SG and by advocating the use of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a benchmark for tracing the scope and spread of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  7.  11
    Definite Descriptions.Paul Elbourne - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Paul Elbourne defends the Fregean view that definite descriptions ('the table', 'the King of France') refer to individuals, and offers a new and radical account of the semantics of pronouns. He draws on a wide range of work, from Frege, Peano, and Russell to the latest findings in linguistics, philosophy of language, and psycholinguistics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  8. Definiteness Projection.Matthew Mandelkern & Daniel Rothschild - 2019 - Natural Language Semantics:1-33.
    We argue that definite noun phrases give rise to uniqueness inferences characterized by a pattern we call definiteness projection. Definiteness projection says that the uniqueness inference of a definite projects out unless there is an indefinite antecedent in a position that filters presuppositions. We argue that definiteness projection poses a serious puzzle for e-type theories of (in)definites; on such theories, indefinites should filter existence presuppositions but not uniqueness presuppositions. We argue that definiteness projection also poses challenges for dynamic approaches, which (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  9. Demonstratives, Definite Descriptions and Non-Redundancy.Kyle Hammet Blumberg - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (1):39-64.
    In some sentences, demonstratives can be substituted with definite descriptions without any change in meaning. In light of this, many have maintained that demonstratives are just a type of definite description. However, several theorists have drawn attention to a range of cases where definite descriptions are acceptable, but their demonstrative counterparts are not. Some have tried to account for this data by appealing to presupposition. I argue that such presuppositional approaches are problematic, and present a pragmatic account of the target (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10. The Definition of Lying and Deception.James Edwin Mahon - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Survey of different definitions of lying and deceiving, with an emphasis on the contemporary debate between Thomas Carson, Roy Sorensen, Don Fallis, Jennifer Saul, Paul Faulkner, Jennifer Lackey, David Simpson, Andreas Stokke, Jorg Meibauer, Seana Shiffrin, and James Mahon, among others, over whether lies always aim to deceive. Related questions include whether lies must be assertions, whether lies always breach trust, whether it is possible to lie without using spoken or written language, whether lies must always be false, whether lies (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   81 citations  
  11.  3
    Definitions and Definability: Philosophical Perspectives.J. H. Fetzer, D. Shatz & G. Schlesinger - 1991 - Springer.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  12. Real Definitions.Fabrice Correia - 2017 - Philosophical Issues 27 (1):52-73.
    I offer and defend an account of real definitions. I put forward two versions of the account, one formulated in terms of the notion of generalised identity and of a suitable notion of grounding, and the other one formulated in terms of the former notion and of a suitable notion of comparative joint-carvingness. Given a plausible assumption, and turn out to be equivalent. I give a sketch of a unified account of the three notions involved in and from which the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  13. Real Definition.Gideon Rosen - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (3):189-209.
  14. The Definition of Art.Thomas Adajian - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The definition of art is controversial in contemporary philosophy. Whether art can be defined has also been a matter of controversy. The philosophical usefulness of a definition of art has also been debated. -/- Contemporary definitions can be classified with respect to the dimensions of art they emphasize. One distinctively modern, conventionalist, sort of definition focuses on art’s institutional features, emphasizing the way art changes over time, modern works that appear to break radically with all traditional art, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  15. Definitions and Conceptual Dimensions of Responsible Research and Innovation: A Literature Review.Mirjam Burget, Emanuele Bardone & Margus Pedaste - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):1-19.
    The aim of this study is to provide a discussion on the definitions and conceptual dimensions of Responsible Research and Innovation based on findings from the literature. In the study, the outcomes of a literature review of 235 RRI-related articles were presented. The articles were selected from the EBSCO and Google Scholar databases regarding the definitions and dimensions of RRI. The results of the study indicated that while administrative definitions were widely quoted in the reviewed literature, they were not substantially (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  16. Definiteness and Indefiniteness.Barbara Abbott - 2004 - In Laurence R. Horn & Gregory Ward (eds.), Handbook of Pragmatics. Blackwell.
    The prototypes of definiteness and indefiniteness in English are the definite article the and the indefinite article a/an, and singular noun phrases (NPs)1 determined by them. That being the case it is not to be predicted that the concepts, whatever their content, will extend satisfactorily to other determiners or NP types. However it has become standard to extend these notions. Of the two categories definites have received rather more attention, and more than one researcher has characterized the category of definite (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  17. The Definition of Lying.Thomas L. Carson - 2006 - Noûs 40 (2):284–306.
    Few moral questions have greater bearing on the conduct of our everyday lives than questions about the morality of lying. These questions are also important for ethical theory. An important test of any theory of right and wrong is whether it gives an adequate account of the morality of lying. Conceptual questions about the nature of lying are prior to questions about the moral status of lying. Any theory about the moral status of lying presupposes an account of what lying (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   78 citations  
  18.  69
    Definiteness and Determinacy.Elizabeth Coppock & David Beaver - 2015 - Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (5):377-435.
    This paper distinguishes between definiteness and determinacy. Definiteness is seen as a morphological category which, in English, marks a uniqueness presupposition, while determinacy consists in denoting an individual. Definite descriptions are argued to be fundamentally predicative, presupposing uniqueness but not existence, and to acquire existential import through general type-shifting operations that apply not only to definites, but also indefinites and possessives. Through these shifts, argumental definite descriptions may become either determinate or indeterminate. The latter option is observed in examples like (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  19.  77
    The Definition of Good.Alfred C. Ewing - 1948 - Hyperion Press.
    First published in Great Britain in 1948, this book examines the definition of goodness as being distinct from the question of What things are good? Although less immediately and obviously practical, Dr. Ewing argues that the former question is more fundamental since it raises the issue of whether ethics is explicable wholly in terms of something else, for example, human psychology. Ewing states in his preface that the definition of goodness needs to be confirmed before one decides on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  20. Definitions of Art.Stephen Davies - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
    In the last thirty years, work in analytic philosophy of art has flourished, and it has given rise to considerably controversy. Stephen Davies describes and analyzes the definition of art as it has been discussed in Anglo-American philosophy during this period and, in the process, introduces his own perspective on ways in which we should reorient our thinking. Davies conceives of the debate as revealing two basic, conflicting approaches--the functional and the procedural--to the questions of whether art can be (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  21. Definition in Greek Philosophy.David Charles (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Socrates' greatest philosophical contribution was to have initiated the search for definitions. In Definition in Greek Philosophy his views on definition are examined, together with those of his successors, including Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, Galen, the Sceptics and Plotinus. Although definition was a major pre-occupation for many Greek philosophers, it has rarely been treated as a separate topic in its own right in recent years. This volume, which contains fourteen new essays by leading scholars, aims to reawaken (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  22.  38
    Strategic Maneuvering Through Persuasive Definitions: Implications for Dialectic and Rhetoric. [REVIEW]David Zarefsky - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (4):399-416.
    Persuasive definitions – those that convey an attitude in the act of naming – are frequently employed in discourse and are a form of strategic maneuvering. The dynamics of persuasive definition are explored through brief case studies and an extended analysis of the use of the “war” metaphor in responding to terrorism after September 11, 2001. Examining persuasive definitions enables us to notice similarities and differences between strategic maneuvering in dialectical and in rhetorical argument, as well as differences between (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  23. Definite Descriptions in Intuitionist Positive Free Logic.Nils Kürbis - 2020 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 30:1.
    This paper presents rules of inference for a binary quantifier I for the formalisation of sentences containing definite descriptions within intuitionist positive free logic. I binds one variable and forms a formula from two formulas. Ix[F, G] means ‘The F is G’. The system is shown to have desirable proof-theoretic properties: it is proved that deductions in it can be brought into normal form. The discussion is rounded up by comparisons between the approach to the formalisation of definite descriptions recommended (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24. Definite Knowledge and Mutual Knowledge.Herbert H. Clark & Catherine R. Marshall - 1981 - In Aravind K. Joshi, Bonnie L. Webber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.), Elements of Discourse Understanding. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 10–63.
  25. Definitions in Ontologies.Selja Seppälä, Alan Ruttenberg, Yonatan Schreiber & Barry Smith - 2016 - Cahiers de Lexicologie 109 (2):175‐207.
    Definitions vary according to context of use and target audience. They must be made relevant for each context to fulfill their cognitive and linguistic goals. This involves adapting their logical structure, type of content, and form to each context of use. We examine from these perspectives the case of definitions in ontologies.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26. Definitions, Consistent and Inconsistent.Stephen Yablo - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 72 (2-3):147 - 175.
  27.  84
    Justifying Definitions in Mathematics—Going Beyond Lakatos.Charlotte Werndl - 2009 - Philosophia Mathematica 17 (3):313-340.
    This paper addresses the actual practice of justifying definitions in mathematics. First, I introduce the main account of this issue, namely Lakatos's proof-generated definitions. Based on a case study of definitions of randomness in ergodic theory, I identify three other common ways of justifying definitions: natural-world justification, condition justification, and redundancy justification. Also, I clarify the interrelationships between the different kinds of justification. Finally, I point out how Lakatos's ideas are limited: they fail to show how various kinds of justification (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  28.  51
    Definition in Mathematics.Carlo Cellucci - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):605-629.
    In the past century the received view of definition in mathematics has been the stipulative conception, according to which a definition merely stipulates the meaning of a term in other terms which are supposed to be already well known. The stipulative conception has been so absolutely dominant and accepted as unproblematic that the nature of definition has not been much discussed, yet it is inadequate. This paper examines its shortcomings and proposes an alternative, the heuristic conception.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29.  83
    Generalized Definitional Reflection and the Inversion Principle.Peter Schroeder-Heister - 2007 - Logica Universalis 1 (2):355-376.
    . The term inversion principle goes back to Lorenzen who coined it in the early 1950s. It was later used by Prawitz and others to describe the symmetric relationship between introduction and elimination inferences in natural deduction, sometimes also called harmony. In dealing with the invertibility of rules of an arbitrary atomic production system, Lorenzen’s inversion principle has a much wider range than Prawitz’s adaptation to natural deduction. It is closely related to definitional reflection, which is a principle for reasoning (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  30.  83
    Definitions in Law.Fabrizio Macagno - 2010 - Bulletin Suisse de Linguistique Appliquée 2:199-217.
    Legal definitions will be examined from three perspectives: their pragmatic function, their propositional structure, and their argumentative role. In law, definitions can be used for different pragmatic purposes: they can be uttered to describe a concept, or to establish a new meaning for a term. The propositional content of definitional speech acts can be different. In law, like in ordinary conversation, there might be different types of definition: we can define by providing examples, or showing the fundamental characteristics of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  2
    The Definition of Good.Alfred Ewing - 1948 - Routledge.
    First published in Great Britain in 1948, this book examines the definition of goodness as being distinct from the question of _What things are good?_ Although less immediately and obviously practical, Dr. Ewing argues that the former question is more fundamental since it raises the issue of whether ethics is explicable wholly in terms of something else, for example, human psychology. Ewing states in his preface that the definition of goodness needs to be confirmed before one decides on (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  32. A Definition of Deceiving.James Edwin Mahon - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):181-194.
    In this article I consider six definitions of deceiving (that is, other-deceiving, as opposed to self-deceiving) from Lily-Marlene Russow, Sissela Bok, OED/Webster's dictionary, Leonard Linsky, Roderick Chisholm and Thomas Feehan, and Gary Fuller, and reject them all, in favor of a modified version of a rejected definition (Fuller). I also defend this definition from a possible objection from Annette Barnes. According to this new definition, deceiving is necessarily intentional, requires that the deceived person acquires or continues to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  33. Persuasive Definitions.Charles Leslie Stevenson - 1938 - Mind 47 (187):331-350.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   57 citations  
  34. Two Definitions of Lying.James Edwin Mahon - 2008 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):211-230.
    This article first examines a number of different definitions of lying, from Aldert Vrij, Warren Shibles, Sissela Bok, the Oxford English Dictionary, Linda Coleman and Paul Kay, and Joseph Kupfer. It considers objections to all of them, and then defends Kupfer’s definition, as well as a modified version of his definition, as the best of those so far considered. Next, it examines five other definitions of lying, from Harry G. Frankfurt, Roderick M. Chisholm and Thomas D. Feehan, David (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  35.  60
    A Definition of Memory.E. M. Zemach - 1968 - Mind 77 (308):526-536.
  36.  98
    Artworks: Definition, Meaning, Value.Robert Stecker - 1997 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (3):311-313.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  37.  34
    Phylogenetic Definitions and Taxonomic Philosophy.Kevin de Queiroz - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):295-313.
    An examination of the post-Darwinian history of biological taxonomy reveals an implicit assumption that the definitions of taxon names consist of lists of organismal traits. That assumption represents a failure to grant the concept of evolution a central role in taxonomy, and it causes conflicts between traditional methods of defining taxon names and evolutionary concepts of taxa. Phylogenetic definitions of taxon names (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) grant the concept of common ancestry a central role in the definitions of taxon (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  38. The Definition of Morality.Bernard Gert - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  39.  58
    The Definition of Mach’s Principle.Julian Barbour - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1263-1284.
    Two definitions of Mach’s principle are proposed. Both are related to gauge theory, are universal in scope and amount to formulations of causality that take into account the relational nature of position, time, and size. One of them leads directly to general relativity and may have relevance to the problem of creating a quantum theory of gravity.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  40.  22
    Definition Versus Criterion: Ayer on the Problem of Truth and Validation.László Kocsis - 2020 - In Adam Tamas Tuboly (ed.), The Historical and Philosophical Significance of Ayer’s Language, Truth and Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 279-303.
    The age-old question “What is truth?” is not an unambiguous one. There are at least two different meanings. In one sense, it is a semantic question about the meaning of the word “truth” and/or a metaphysical question about the nature of the property of truth, that is, how truth can be defined in terms of other notions, if it is definable at all. In another sense, it is an epistemological question about the criterion or test of truth, that is, how (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  62
    Definites.Sebastian Löbner - 1985 - Journal of Semantics 4 (4):279-326.
    The paper develops a uniform analysis of the definite article in its various uses and of definite NPs in general. Starting from the observation that singular and plural mass and count definites all refer to single, though possibly complex objects (Ch. 1), it is argued that the logical role of definites is that of individual expressions (terms). To treat definites as quantifiers is logically inadequate, but (referential) quantification involves definite reference to the domain of quantification (Ch. 2). In Ch. 3 (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  42.  68
    Circular Definitions, Circular Explanations, and Infinite Regresses.Claude Gratton - 1994 - Argumentation 8 (3):295-308.
    This paper discusses some of the ways in which circular definitions and circular explanations entail or fail to entail infinite regresses. And since not all infinite regresses are vicious, a few criteria of viciousness are examined in order to determine when the entailment of a regress refutes a circular definition or a circular explanation.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  43. Persuasive Definitions: Values, Meanings and Implicit Disagreements.Fabrizio Macagno & Douglas Walton - 2008 - Informal Logic 28 (3):203-228.
    The purpose of this paper is to inquire into the relationship between persuasive definition and common knowledge (propositions generally accepted and not subject to dispute in a discussion). We interpret the gap between common knowledge and persuasive definition (PD) in terms of potential disagreements: PDs are conceived as implicit arguments to win a potential conflict. Persuasive definitions are analyzed as arguments instantiating two argumentation schemes, argument from classification and argument from values, and presupposing a potential disagreement. The argumentative (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  44. Definitions.Anil Gupta - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   50 citations  
  45. Defending the IASP Definition of Pain.Murat Aydede - 2017 - The Monist 100 (4):439–464.
    The official definition of ‘pain’ by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) hasn’t seen much revision since its publication in 1979. There have been various criticisms of the definition in the literature from different quarters: that the definition implies a dubious metaphysical dualism, that it requires a strong form of consciousness as well as linguistic abilities, that it excludes many vulnerable groups that are otherwise perfectly capable of experiencing pain, that it has therefore unacceptable (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  46.  12
    Free Definite Description Theory – Sequent Calculi and Cut Elimination.Andrzej Indrzejczak - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1.
    We provide an application of a sequent calculus framework to the formalization of definite descriptions. It is a continuation of research undertaken in [20, 22]. In the present paper a so-called free description theory is examined in the context of different kinds of free logic, including systems applied in computer science and constructive mathematics for dealing with partial functions. It is shown that the same theory in different logics may be formalised by means of different rules and gives results of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47. Definition by Induction in Frege's Grundgesetze der Arithmetik.Richard Heck - 1995 - In W. Demopoulos (ed.), Frege's Philosophy of Mathematics. Oxford University Press.
    This paper discusses Frege's account of definition by induction in Grundgesetze and the two key theorems Frege proves using it.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  48. Concepts, Definitions, and Meaning*,*.Tyler Burge - 1993 - Metaphilosophy 24 (4):309-25.
  49.  32
    The Definition of Mental Disorder: Evolving but Dysfunctional?Rachel Bingham & Natalie Banner - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (8):537-542.
    Extensive and diverse conceptual work towards developing a definition of ‘mental disorder’ was motivated by the declassification of homosexuality from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual in 1973. This highly politicised event was understood as a call for psychiatry to provide assurances against further misclassification on the basis of discrimination or socio-political deviance. Today, if a definition of mental disorder fails to exclude homosexuality, then it fails to provide this safeguard against potential abuses and therefore fails to do an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  50.  74
    Implicit Definition and the a Priori.Bob Hale & Crispin Wright - 2000 - In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press. pp. 286--319.
1 — 50 / 1000