Results for 'direct medical cost'

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  1.  8
    Direct Medical Cost of Hospitalization for Acute Stroke in Lebanon: A Prospective Incidence-Based Multicenter Cost-of-Illness Study.Rachel R. Abdo, Halim M. Abboud, Pascale G. Salameh, Najo A. Jomaa, Rana G. Rizk & Hassan H. Hosseini - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801879297.
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  2.  65
    Direct Medical Costs of Care for Chinese Patients with Colorectal Neoplasia: A Health Care Service Provider Perspective.Carlos K. H. Wong, Cindy L. K. Lam, Jensen T. C. Poon, Sarah M. McGhee, Wai‐Lun Law, Dora L. W. Kwong, Janice Tsang & Pierre Chan - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1203-1210.
  3.  27
    A Review of Cost‐Effectiveness, Cost‐Containment and Economics Curricula in Graduate Medical Education. [REVIEW]Prathibha Varkey, Mohammad H. Murad, Chad Braun, Kristi J. H. Grall & Vivek Saoji - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1055-1062.
  4.  6
    Impact of Cost Containment Measures on Medical Liability.S. Callens, I. Volbragt & H. Nys - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (6):595-600.
  5.  10
    Cost-Benefit Analysis and Medical Ethics.G. H. Mooney - 1980 - Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (4):177-179.
    The issue of assessing priorities is one that has become the subject of much debate in the National Health Service particularly in the wake of various documents on priorities from central Government. It has become even more so with the prospect of real cuts in expenditure. Economists claim that their science, or perhaps more accurately art can assist in determining not only how best to achieve various ends but also whether and to what extent competing objectives should be pursued. Such (...)
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  6.  19
    Drug Familiarization and Therapeutic Misconception Via Direct-to-Consumer Information.Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):259-267.
    Promotion of prescription drugs may appear to be severely limited in some jurisdictions due to restrictions on direct-to-consumer advertising. However, in most jurisdictions, strategies exist to raise consumer awareness about prescription drugs, notably through the deployment of direct-to-consumer information campaigns that encourage patients to seek help for particular medical conditions. In Canada, DTCI is presented by industry and regulated by Health Canada as being purely informational activities, but their design and integration in broader promotional campaigns raise very (...)
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  7.  49
    The Socio-Cultural Context and Practical Implications of Ethnoveterinary Medical Pluralism in Western Kenya.Peter Auma Nyamanga, Collette Suda & Jens Aagaard-Hansen - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (4):513-527.
    This article discusses ethnoveterinary medical pluralism in Western Kenya. Qualitative methods of data collection such as key informant interviews, open-ended in-depth interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs), narratives, and participant and direct observations were applied. The study shows that farmers in Nyang’oma seek both curative and preventive medical services for their animals from the broad range of health care providers available to them within a pluralistic medical system. Kleinman’s model of medical pluralism, which describes the professional, (...)
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  8.  7
    The 10th Oxbridge Varsity Medical Ethics Debate-Should We Fear the Rise of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing?Christian Michael Armstrong Holland, Edward Harry Arbe-Barnes, Euan Joseph McGivern & Ruairidh Mungo Connor Forgan - 2018 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 13 (1):14.
    In an increasingly data-driven age of medicine, do companies that offer genetic testing directly to patients represent an important part of personalising care, or a dangerous threat to privacy? Should we celebrate this new mechanism of patient involvement, or fear its implications?The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge addressed these issues in the 10th annual Medical Ethics Varsity Debate, through the motion: “This House Regrets the Rise of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing”. This article summarises and extends key arguments made in (...)
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  9. The 10th Oxbridge varsity medical ethics debate-should we fear the rise of direct-to-consumer genetic testing?Christian Michael Armstrong Holland, Edward Harry Arbe-Barnes, Euan Joseph McGivern & Ruairidh Mungo Connor Forgan - 2018 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 13 (1):1-7.
    In an increasingly data-driven age of medicine, do companies that offer genetic testing directly to patients represent an important part of personalising care, or a dangerous threat to privacy? Should we celebrate this new mechanism of patient involvement, or fear its implications?The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge addressed these issues in the 10th annual Medical Ethics Varsity Debate, through the motion: “This House Regrets the Rise of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing”. This article summarises and extends key arguments made in (...)
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  10. Medical Ethics and Economics in Health Care.Gavin H. Mooney & Alistair McGuire (eds.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    Providing health care in the most cost-effective way has become a priority in recent years. This book tackles the important issue of the potential conflict between economic expediency and the welfare of individual patients. Contributors examine different attitudes to this complex problem, along with a variety of legal and historical perspectives. The book addresses particular aspects of health care, such as medical expert systems, general practice, medical education, and clinical decision-making where the direct involvement of doctors (...)
     
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  11.  4
    “The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar”: Undead Bodies and Medical Technology.Sarah O’Dell - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Humanities:1-14.
    This paper examines the relationship between medical technology and liminal states of “undeath” as presented in “The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar” and the real-life case of Jahi McMath, who was maintained on life support for over four years following a diagnosis of brain death. Through this juxtaposition, “Valdemar” comes to function as a modern fable, an uneasy herald of medical technology’s potential to create liminal states between life and death. The ability to transgress these boundaries (...)
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  12.  10
    Dignity and Cost-Effectiveness: Analysing the Responsibility for Decisions in Medical Ethics.G. S. Robertson - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (3):152-154.
    In the operation of a health care system, defining the limits of medical care is the joint responsibility of many parties including clinicians, patients, philosophers and politicians. It is suggested that changes in the potential for prolonging life make it necessary to give doctors guidance which may have to incorporate certain features of utilitarianism, individualism and patient-autonomy.
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  13. The Cost of Birth Defects: Estimates of the Value of Protection.Norman J. Waitzman, Richard M. Scheffler & Patrick S. Romano - 1996 - Upa.
    This book uses an incidence approach to look at the economic repercussions of birth defects. The authors investigate eighteen of the most clinically significant birth defects affecting 35,000 newborns each year in our country. Their assessments suggest that the annual cost of these eighteen birth defects, together, is more than eight billion dollars . The authors describe in detail their methodology and data sources while providing thorough accounts of each of the eighteen birth defects. Waitzman, Scheffler, and Romano break (...)
     
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  14.  59
    Cost Effectiveness of Medical Ethics Training.C. Currie, J. Green, S. Davies & C. Morgan - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (5):328-328.
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  15.  4
    Generating Direct-S Modes with Simple, Low-Cost, Widely Available Seismic Sources.Bob A. Hardage & Donald Wagner - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (2):SE1-SE15.
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  16. Is Medical Research Cost Effective?: Response to Murphy and Topel.Mark Siegler, Alix Weisfeld & David Cronin - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (3x):S129-S137.
  17.  19
    Electronic Medical Records and Cost Efficiency in Hospital Medical-Surgical Units.Michael F. Furukawa, T. S. Raghu & Benjamin Bm Shao - 2010 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 47 (2):110-123.
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  18.  8
    Does Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Medical Technologies Undermine the Physician–Patient Relationship?Leah Rosenberg - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):22-23.
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  19.  9
    Review of Wierda, Renske Experience-Based Authority Argumentation in Direct-to-Consumer Medical Advertisements. [REVIEW]Sara Rubinelli - 2017 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 6 (1):101-104.
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  20.  18
    Nursing Against the Odds: How Health Care Cost Cutting, Media Stereotypes, and Medical Hubris Undermine Nurses and Patient Care - by Suzanne Gordon and The Complexities of Care: Nursing Reconsidered - Edited by Sioban Nelson and Suzanne Gordon.Doris Grinspun - 2007 - Nursing Inquiry 14 (3):263-264.
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  21.  9
    Noradrenaline and Dopamine Neurons Integrate Reward Value and Effort Cost: A Direct Electrophysiological Comparison in Behaving Monkeys.Varazzani Chiara, San-Galli Aurore & Bouret Sebatien - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  22.  10
    BooK Review: Nursing Against the Odds. How Health Care Cost Cutting, Media Stereotypes, and Medical Hubris Undermine Nurses and Patient Care. [REVIEW]L. Toiviainen - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (2):210-210.
  23.  6
    Bridging the Consumer-Medical Divide:How to Regulate Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing.Kyle T. Edwards & Caroline J. Huang - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (3):17-19.
  24.  6
    L'accès direct au dossier médical : Principes juridiques et réalités pratiques.T. Casagrande - 2005 - Médecine Et Droit 2005 (71):50-54.
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  25. Obtainable From All Book-Sellers or Direct From Rich & Cowan Medical.W. Hutchinson House - 1951 - Eugenics Review 42:114.
     
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  26. Medicine, Money, and Morals: Physicians' Conflicts of Interest.Marc A. Rodwin - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Conflicts of interest are rampant in the American medical community. Today it is not uncommon for doctors to refer patients to clinics or labs in which they have a financial interest (40% of physicians in Florida invest in medical centers); for hospitals to offer incentives to physicians who refer patients (a practice that can lead to unnecessary hospitalization); or for drug companies to provide lucrative give-aways to entice doctors to use their "brand name" drugs (which are much more (...)
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  27.  21
    23andMe: A New Two-Sided Data-Banking Market Model.Henri-Corto Stoeklé, Marie-France Mamzer-Bruneel, Guillaume Vogt & Christian Hervé - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundSince 2006, the genetic testing company 23andMe has collected biological samples, self-reported information, and consent documents for biobanking and research from more than 1,000,000 individuals, through a direct-to-consumer online genetic-testing service providing a genetic ancestry report and a genetic health report. However, on November 22, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration halted the sale of genetic health testing, on the grounds that 23andMe was not acting in accordance with federal law, by selling tests of undemonstrated reliability as predictive tests (...)
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  28. Will More Organs Save More Lives? Cost‐Effectiveness and the Ethics of Expanding Organ Procurement.Govind Persad - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (6):684-690.
    The assumption that procuring more organs will save more lives has inspired increasingly forceful calls to increase organ procurement. This project, in contrast, directly questions the premise that more organ transplantation means more lives saved. Its argument begins with the fact that resources are limited and medical procedures have opportunity costs. Because many other lifesaving interventions are more cost‐effective than transplantation and compete with transplantation for a limited budget, spending on organ transplantation consumes resources that could have been (...)
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  29.  21
    Facial Feminization Surgery: The Ethics of Gatekeeping in Transgender Health.Alex Dubov & Liana Fraenkel - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):3-9.
    The lack of access to gender-affirming surgery represents a significant unmet health care need within the transgender community, frequently resulting in depression and self-destructive behavior. While some transgender people may have access to gender reassignment surgery, an overwhelming majority cannot afford facial feminization surgery. The former may be covered as a “medical necessity,” but FFS is considered “cosmetic” and excluded from insurance coverage. This demarcation between “necessity” and “cosmetic” in transgender health care based on specific body parts is in (...)
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  30.  4
    Ethical Concerns with Online Direct-to-Consumer Pharmaceutical Companies.Henry Curtis & Joseph Milner - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):168-171.
    In recent years, online direct-to-consumer pharmaceutical companies have been created as an alternative method for individuals to get prescription medications. While these companies have noble aims to provide easier, more cost-effective access to medication, the fact that these companies both issue prescriptions as well as distribute and ship medications creates multiple ethical concerns. This paper aims to explore two in particular. First, this model creates conflicts of interest for the physicians hired by these companies to write prescriptions. Second, (...)
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  31.  5
    Examining Pharmaceutical Exceptionalism: Intellectual Property, Practical Expediency, and Global Health.Govind Persad - 2019 - Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics 18:157-90.
    Advocates, activists, and academics have criticized pharmaceutical intellectual property ("pharma IP") rights as obstacles to access to medicines for the global poor. These criticisms of pharma IP holders are frequently exceptionalist: they focus on pharma IP holders while ignoring whether others also bear obligations to assist patients in need. These others include holders of other lucrative IP rights, such as music copyrights or technology patents; firms, such as energy companies and banks, that do not rely on IP; and wealthy private (...)
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  32.  6
    The Costs and Consequences of Omalizumab in Uncontrolled Asthma From a USA Payer Perspective.J. D. Campbell, D. E. Spackman & S. D. Sullivan - unknown
    Background: Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E antibody, reduces exacerbations and symptoms in uncontrolled allergic asthma. The study objective was to estimate the costs and consequences of omalizumab compared to usual care from a US payer perspective. Methods: We estimated payer costs, quality-adjusted survival (QALYs), and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of omalizumab compared to usual care using a state-transition simulation model that included sensitivity analyses. Every 2 weeks, patients could transition between chronic asthma and exacerbation health states. The best available (...)
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  33.  12
    Should Every Human Being Get Health Care?Göran Collste - 1999 - Ethical Perspectives 6 (2):115-125.
    Due to the increasing cost of health care and the diminishing resources available, priority of health care resources has become a most important political and ethical issue. What principles should guide the decisions of priorities? The Swedish Commission of Priorities in Health Care proposed in 1995 that priorities in health care should be based on a Principle of Human Dignity . Later, the recommendations of the commission were implemented in Swedish law.The question I will try to answer in this (...)
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  34.  15
    Enough Wiggle RoomBalancing Act: The New Medical Ethics of Medicine's New Economics.David C. Hadorn & E. Haavi Morreim - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):43.
  35. Medical Costs, Moral Choices a Philosophy of Health Care Economics in America.Paul T. Menzel - 1983
     
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  36. Medicine and Money: A Study of the Role of Beneficence in Health Care Cost Containment.Frank H. Marsh - 1990 - Greenwood Press.
  37.  20
    Medical Technology Assessment and the Role of Economic Evaluation in Health Care.E. M. M. Adang, A. Ament & C. D. Dirksen - 1996 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (4):287-294.
  38. Cost and Choice in Health Care the Ethical Dimension.Albert Weale - 1988
     
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  39.  20
    “It Was the Best Decision of My Life”: A Thematic Content Analysis of Former Medical Tourists’ Patient Testimonials.Carly Hohm & Jeremy Snyder - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):8.
    Medical tourism is international travel with the intention of receiving medical care. Medical tourists travel for many reasons, including cost savings, limited domestic access to specific treatments, and interest in accessing unproven interventions. Medical tourism poses new health and safety risks to patients, including dangers associated with travel following surgery, difficulty assessing the quality of care abroad, and complications in continuity of care. Online resources are important to the decision-making of potential medical tourists and (...)
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  40. The Moral Justification of Benefit/Cost Analysis: Donald C. Hubin.Donald C. Hubin - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):169-194.
    Benefit/cost analysis is a technique for evaluating programs, procedures, and actions; it is not a moral theory. There is significant controversy over the moral justification of benefit/cost analysis. When a procedure for evaluating social policy is challenged on moral grounds, defenders frequently seek a justification by construing the procedure as the practical embodiment of a correct moral theory. This has the apparent advantage of avoiding difficult empirical questions concerning such matters as the consequences of using the procedure. So, (...)
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  41.  30
    Purchasing and Marketing of Social and Environmental Sustainability for High-Tech Medical Equipment.Adam Lindgreen, Michael Antioco, David Harness & Remi van der Sloot - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S2):445 - 462.
    As the functional capabilities of high-tech medical products converge, supplying organizations seek new opportunities to differentiate their offerings. Embracing product sustainability-related differentiators provides just such an opportunity. This study examines the challenge organizations face when attempting to understand how customers perceive environmental and social dimensions of sustainability by exploring and defining both dimensions on the basis of a review of extant literature and focus group research with a leading supplier of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning equipment. The study encompasses (...)
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  42. Should Research Ethics Encourage the Production of Cost-Effective Interventions?Govind Persad - 2016 - In Daniel Strech & Marcel Mertz (eds.), Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research: Theory and Practice. Springer. pp. 13-28.
    This project considers whether and how research ethics can contribute to the provision of cost-effective medical interventions. Clinical research ethics represents an underexplored context for the promotion of cost-effectiveness. In particular, although scholars have recently argued that research on less-expensive, less-effective interventions can be ethical, there has been little or no discussion of whether ethical considerations justify curtailing research on more expensive, more effective interventions. Yet considering cost-effectiveness at the research stage can help ensure that scarce (...)
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  43. Direct Reference and Singular Propositions.Matthew Davidson - 2000 - American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3):285-300.
    Most direct reference theorists about indexicals and proper names have adopted the thesis that singular propositions about physical objects are composed of physical objects and properties.1 There have been a number of recent proponents of such a view, including Scott Soames, Nathan Salmon, John Perry, Howard Wettstein, and David Kaplan.2 Since Kaplan is the individual who is best known for holding such a view, let's call a proposition that is composed of objects and properties a K-proposition. In this paper, (...)
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  44.  31
    The Problematization of Medical Tourism: A Critique of Neoliberalism.Kristen Smith - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):1-8.
    The past two decades have seen the extensive privatisation and marketisation of health care in an ever reaching number of developing countries. Within this milieu, medical tourism is being promoted as a rational economic development strategy for some developing nations, and a makeshift solution to the escalating waiting lists and exorbitant costs of health care in developed nations. This paper explores the need to problematize medical tourism in order to move beyond one dimensional neoliberal discourses that have, to (...)
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  45.  28
    Beyond the Image of Foreign Direct Investment in China: Where Ethics Meets Public Relations.Jeremy B. Fox, Joan M. Donohue & Jinpei Wu - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 56 (4):317-324.
    While there had still been an increasing flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) into China during the 2002 downturn in FDI globally, such investments have historically been only sporadically successful. Much writing has detailed and discussed problems associated with China FDI but several costs remain dangerously overlooked. One such cost is that of micro-monitoring plants for work conditions and employee treatment in violation of local Chinese laws and possible home country ethics. Further, a more personal cost is (...)
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  46.  31
    Priority-Setting, Rationing and Cost-Effectiveness in the German Health Care System.Fuat S. Oduncu - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):327-339.
    Germany has just started a public debate on priority-setting, rationing and cost-effectiveness due to the cost explosion within the German health care system. To date, the costs for German health care run at 11,6 % of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP, 278,3 billion €) that represents a significant increase from the 5,9 % levels present in 1970. In response, the German Parliament has enacted several major and minor legal reforms over the last three decades for the sake of (...)
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  47.  79
    Ethics in E-Trust and E-Trustworthiness: The Case of Direct Computer-Patient Interfaces.Philip J. Nickel - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):355-363.
    In this paper, I examine the ethics of e - trust and e - trustworthiness in the context of health care, looking at direct computer-patient interfaces (DCPIs), information systems that provide medical information, diagnosis, advice, consenting and/or treatment directly to patients without clinicians as intermediaries. Designers, manufacturers and deployers of such systems have an ethical obligation to provide evidence of their trustworthiness to users. My argument for this claim is based on evidentialism about trust and trustworthiness: the idea (...)
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  48.  49
    Issues and Challenges in Research on the Ethics of Medical Tourism: Reflections From a Conference. [REVIEW]Jeremy Snyder, Valorie Crooks & Leigh Turner - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):3-6.
    The authors co-organized (Snyder and Crooks) and gave a keynote presentation at (Turner) a conference on ethical issues in medical tourism. Medical tourism involves travel across international borders with the intention of receiving medical care. This care is typically paid for out-of-pocket and is motivated by an interest in cost savings and/or avoiding wait times for care in the patient’s home country. This practice raises numerous ethical concerns, including potentially exacerbating health inequities in destination and source (...)
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  49.  31
    Ethical and Epistemic Issues in Direct-to-Consumer Drug Advertising: Where is Patient Agency? [REVIEW]Catherine A. Womack - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):275-280.
    Arguments for and against direct-to-consumer drug advertising (DTCA) center on two issues: (1) the epistemic effects on patients through access to information provided by the ads; and (2) the effects of such information on patients’ abilities to make good choices in the healthcare marketplace. Advocates argue that DTCA provides useful information for patients as consumers, including information connecting symptoms to particular medical conditions, information about new drug therapies for those conditions. Opponents of DTCA point out substantial omissions in (...)
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  50.  25
    The Origins of Medical Evidence: Communication and Experimentation.Joachim Widder - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):99-104.
    Background: The experimental method to acquire knowledge about efficacy and efficiency of medical procedures is well established in evidence-based medicine. A method to attain evidence about the significance of diseases and interventions from the patients' perspectives taking into account their right to self-determination about their lives and bodies has however not been sufficiently characterized.Design: Identification of a method to acquire evidence about the clinical significance of disease and therapeutic options from the patients' perspectives.Arguments: Communication between patient and physician is (...)
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