Results for 'discontinuity'

490 found
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  1.  18
    Continuity or Discontinuity? Scientific Governance in the Pre-History of the 1977 Law of Higher Education and Research in Sweden.Fredrik Bragesjö, Aant Elzinga & Dick Kasperowski - 2012 - Minerva 50 (1):65-96.
    The objective of this paper is to balance two major conceptual tendencies in science policy studies, continuity and discontinuity theory. While the latter argue for fundamental and distinct changes in science policy in the late 20th century, continuity theorists show how changes do occur but not as abrupt and fundamental as discontinuity theorists suggests. As a point of departure, we will elaborate a typology of scientific governance developed by Hagendijk and Irwin ( 2006 ) and apply it to (...)
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  2.  2
    Crossing the Wires in the Pleasure Machine: Lenin and the Emergence of Historical Discontinuity.Eelco Runia - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (4):47-63.
    If it is true, as I have argued in an earlier essay, that discontinuity is not an unintended side-effect of our ambition to attain goals that are in line with our identity, but the result of our giving in to a sublime “why not?,” then how can we conceive of history as a process? In this essay I will explore the thesis that my notion that the discontinuities of history spring from a dehors texte squares well with an evolutionary (...)
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  3. Darwin's Mistake: Explaining the Discontinuity Between Human and Nonhuman Minds.Derek C. Penn, Keith J. Holyoak & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):109-130.
    Over the last quarter century, the dominant tendency in comparative cognitive psychology has been to emphasize the similarities between human and nonhuman minds and to downplay the differences as (Darwin 1871). In the present target article, we argue that Darwin was mistaken: the profound biological continuity between human and nonhuman animals masks an equally profound discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds. To wit, there is a significant discontinuity in the degree to which human and nonhuman animals are able (...)
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  4.  8
    Evaluating Disease Management Programme Effectiveness: An Introduction to the Regression Discontinuity Design.Ariel Linden, John L. Adams & Nancy Roberts - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (2):124-131.
  5.  12
    Combining the Regression Discontinuity Design and Propensity Score‐Based Weighting to Improve Causal Inference in Program Evaluation.Ariel Linden & John L. Adams - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):317-325.
  6.  35
    Discontinuity in Personal Narrative: Some Perspectives of Patients.Lloyd A. Wells - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):297-303.
  7.  95
    Thinking Things and Feeling Things: On an Alleged Discontinuity in Folk Metaphysics of Mind.Mark Phelan, Adam Arico & Shaun Nichols - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):703-725.
    According to the discontinuity view, people recognize a deep discontinuity between phenomenal and intentional states, such that they refrain from attributing feelings and experiences to entities that do not have the right kind of body, though they may attribute thoughts to entities that lack a biological body, like corporations, robots, and disembodied souls. We examine some of the research that has been used to motivate the discontinuity view. Specifically, we focus on experiments that examine people's aptness judgments (...)
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  8.  17
    The Speed of Change: Towards a Discontinuity Theory of Immunity?Thomas Pradeu, Sébastien Jaeger & Eric Vivier - 2013 - Nature Reviews Immunology 13 (10):764–769.
    Immunology — though deeply experimental in everyday practice — is also a theoretical discipline. Recent advances in the understanding of innate immunity, how it is triggered and how it shares features that have previously been uniquely ascribed to the adaptive immune system, can contribute to the refinement of the theoretical framework of immunology. In particular, natural killer cells and macrophages are activated by transient modifications, but adapt to long-lasting modifications that occur in the surrounding tissue environment. This process facilitates the (...)
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  9.  51
    The Determination of Theory by Evidence: The Case for Quantum Discontinuity, 1900–1915.John D. Norton - 1993 - Synthese 97 (1):1 - 31.
    The thesis that observation necessarily fails to determine theory is false in the sense that observation can provide overwhelming evidence for a particular theory or even a hypothesis within the theory. The saga of quantum discontinuity illustrates the power of evidence to determine theory and shows how that power can be underestimated by inadequate caricatures of the evidential case. That quantum discontinuity can save the phenomena of black body radiation is the widely known result, but it leaves open (...)
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  10.  83
    Incommensurability and the Discontinuity of Evidence.Jed Z. Buchwald & George E. Smith - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (4):463-498.
    Incommensurability between successive scientific theories—the impossibility of empirical evidence dictating the choice between them—was Thomas Kuhn's most controversial proposal. Toward defending it, he directed much effort over his last 30 years into formulating precise conditions under which two theories would be undeniably incommensurable with one another. His first step, in the late 1960s, was to argue that incommensurability must result when two theories involve incompatible taxonomies. The problem he then struggled with, never obtaining a solution that he found entirely satisfactory, (...)
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  11.  86
    Philosophy Verus Literature? Against the Discontinuity Thesis.Bence Nanay - 2013 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (4):349-360.
    According to what I call the ‘Discontinuity Thesis’, literature can never count as genuine philosophizing: there is an impermeable barrier separating it from philosophy. While philosophy presents logically valid arguments in favor of or against precisely formulated statements, literature gives neither precisely formulated theses nor arguments in favor of or against them. Hence, philosophers don’t lose out on anything if they don’t read literature. There are two obvious ways of questioning the Discontinuity Thesis. First, arguing that literature can (...)
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  12.  14
    Einstein’s “True” Discontinuity.Constantin Antonopoulos - 2008 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 23 (3):339-349.
    The question whether quantum discontinuity can or cannot provide an answer to Zeno’s Paradoxes is reopened. It is observed that what is usually understood by the term “discontinuity”, namely, Einstein’s conception of the photon as described by himself and all others, is unsuitable to the task because, essentially, it reduces to the trivial ‘discontinuity’ of objects scattered in space. By contrast, quantization of energy levels, which are not in space but can only alternate in time, provide the (...)
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  13.  13
    Discontinuity in Categorial Grammar.Glyn Morrill - 1995 - Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (2):175 - 219.
    Discontinuity refers to the character of many natural language constructions wherein signs differ markedly in their prosodic and semantic forms. As such it presents interesting demands on monostratal computational formalisms which aspire to descriptive adequacy. Pied piping, in particular, is argued by Pollard (1988) to motivate phrase structure-style feature percolation. In the context of categorial grammar, Bach (1981, 1984), Moortgat (1988, 1990, 1991) and others have sought to provide categorial operators suited to discontinuity. These attempts encounter certain difficulties (...)
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  14.  5
    A New Approach to Dream Bizarreness: Graphing Continuity and Discontinuity of Visual Attention in Narrative Reports.Jeffrey P. Sutton, Cynthia D. Rittenhouse, Edward Pace-Schott, Robert Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):61-88.
    In this paper, a new method of quantitatively assessing continuity and discontinuity of visual attention is developed. The method is based on representing narrative information using graph theory. It is applicable to any type of narrative report. Since dream reports are often described as bizarre, and since bizarreness is partially characterized by discontinuities in plot, we chose to test our method on a set of dream data. Using specific criteria for identifying and arranging objects of visual attention, dream narratives (...)
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  15.  65
    Einstein's “True” Discontinuity.Constantin Antonopoulos - 2008 - Theoria 23 (3):339-349.
    The question whether quantum discontinuity can or cannot provide an answer to Zeno’s Paradoxes is reopened. It is observed that what is usually understood by the term “discontinuity”, namely, Einstein’s conception of the photon as described by himself and all others, is unsuitable to the task because, essentially, it reduces to the trivial ‘discontinuity’ of objects scattered in space. By contrast, quantization of energy levels, which are not in space but can only alternate in time, provide the (...)
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  16.  47
    Three Forms of Psychological Discontinuity.Desheng Zong - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 18:103-127.
    Contemporary philosophers writing on the issue of personal identity agree that, whatever is disputable about fission cases, there is little doubt that, if there could be fission, there would be psychological continuity between the original person and her offshoot (if the branching is one-one), or between the original personand her offshoots (if the branching is one-many). The belief is one with a long history dating back to John Locke; it has, over time, acquired the status of self-evident truth. This paper (...)
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  17.  1
    Intergenerational Context Discontinuity Affects the Onset of Puberty.Athanasios Chasiotis, David Scheffer, Ramona Restemeier & Heidi Keller - 1998 - Human Nature 9 (3):321-339.
    The assumption that the onset of puberty is a context-sensitive marker of a reproductive strategy is tested by comparing parental and filial childhood context and somatic development in West and East Germany. Sixty-eight mother-daughter dyads and 35 father-son dyads were taken from two samples of families from Osnabrück in West Germany and Halle in East Germany. According to the observed context discontinuity between the generations in the male dyads, linear regression models show that no indicator of male sexual maturation (...)
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  18.  5
    Discontinuity Pragmatically Framed.Gorman Jonathan - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 11 (2):127-148.
    _ Source: _Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 127 - 148 This is an attempt to discover and clarify the philosophical nature of what Eelco Runia claims to be his new and up-to-date philosophy of history, a programme offered in his 2014 book _Moved by the Past: Discontinuity and Historical Mutation_. His suggestion that his argument is a “dance” is taken seriously, and following an analysis of historical “meaning” and its time-extended nature it is argued that the book’s presentation commits (...)
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  19.  1
    Clausal Proofs and Discontinuity.Glyn Morrill - 1995 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 3 (2-3):403-427.
    We consider the task of theorem proving in Lambek calculi and their generalisation to ‘multimodal residuation calculi’. These form an integral part of categorial logic, a logic of signs stemming from categorial grammar, of the basis of which language processing is essentially theorem proving. The demand of this application is not just for efficient processing of some or other specific calculus, but for methods that will be generally applicable to categorial logics.It is proposed that multimodal cases be treated by dealing (...)
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  20.  12
    Reply to Avi I. Mintz's Review of Discontinuity in Learning: Dewey, Herbart, and Education as Transformation.Andrea R. English - 2014 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (4):459-462.
    Current educational policy is leading teachers, schools, and society at large to fixate on the outcomes of learning. In Discontinuity in Learning, I shift the focus to the process of learning and ask, How is it that we come to new ideas, find cooperative ways of interacting with others, or take on a different perspective? Or, more simply, How do we learn? I believe that until we answer this question, we cannot begin to educate another person.My aim in the (...)
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  21.  22
    A Principled Characterization of Dislocated Phrases: Capturing Barriers with Static Discontinuity Grammars. [REVIEW]Veronica Dahl, Fred Popowich & Michael Rochemont - 1993 - Linguistics and Philosophy 16 (4):331 - 352.
    Parsing according to the principles of modern linguistic theory is only now becoming a computationally interesting task. We contribute to these developments by illustrating how the account of movement introduced by Chomsky inBarriers can be incorporated into a Static Discontinuity Grammar (SDG). We are concerned with A''-movement as reflected inwh movement of arguments and adjuncts. The resulting SDG can be processed by an SDG parser to recover the thematic information and constitutency structure associated with a natural language sentence.
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  22.  3
    Discontinuity Pragmatically Framed.Jonathan Gorman - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 22 This is an attempt to discover and clarify the philosophical nature of what Eelco Runia claims to be his new and up-to-date philosophy of history, a programme offered in his 2014 book _Moved by the Past: Discontinuity and Historical Mutation_. His suggestion that his argument is a “dance” is taken seriously, and following an analysis of historical “meaning” and its time-extended nature it is argued that the book’s presentation commits Runia to a conception of (...)
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  23.  15
    We All Are Rembrandt Experts – or, How Task Dissociations in School Learning Effects Support the Discontinuity Hypothesis.Régine Kolinsky & José Morais - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):381-382.
    We argue that cognitive penetration in non-early vision extends beyond the special situations considered by Pylyshyn. Many situations which do not involve difficult stimuli or require expert skills nevertheless load on high-level cognitive processes. School learning effects illustrate this point: they provide a way to observe task dissociations which support the discontinuity hypothesis, but they show that the scope of visual cognition in our visual experience is often underestimated.
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  24.  3
    Human and Animal Minds: Against the Discontinuity Thesis.Caroline Meline - 2014 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 21 (2):39-51.
    Are animals and humans different in kind or only different in degree when it comes to the mental springs of behavior? The source of this question is Charles Darwin's 1871 The Descent of Man, in which he argued for a difference in degree between animals and humans in mental abilities, rather than a difference in kind. Darwin's opponents in the ensuing debate were theologians and scientific traditionalists who insisted upon human specialness when it came to the mind,even if evolution held (...)
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  25.  1
    Cognitive and Behavioral Predictors in the Process of Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: Testing for Discontinuity Patterns in the Transtheoretical Model.Jolanta Życińska - 2009 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 40 (1):29-37.
    Cognitive and behavioral predictors in the process of smoking cessation during pregnancy: Testing for discontinuity patterns in the Transtheoretical Model The aim of the study was to assess predictive power of cognitive variables and health-promoting behaviors for the process of smoking cessation described in terms of the Transtheoretical Model. Participants in the study were 150 women, in uncomplicated pregnancy. Cigarette smokers constituted 29.3% of the sample, while the rest had previously quitted smoking. Beliefs and expectations were measured by means (...)
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  26.  3
    Collingwood and the Logic of Continuity and Discontinuity.Gary Browning - 2007 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 13 (2):71-92.
    In his early writings on logic Collingwood offered a powerful critique of contemporary theories, including subjective idealism and realism to which he continued to be opposed throughout his career. Simultaneously these same early writings present a sustained attack on dichotomous forms of thought, which are also carried through to his later writings. Throughout Collingwood maintains a critical respect for Hegel. Subjectivity and objectivity are not to be severed from each other, nor are identities to be excluded from one another. Continuity (...)
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  27.  1
    Science, Revolution and Discontinuity[REVIEW]Merrill Ring - 1982 - Philosophical Books 23 (2):98-99.
    A favorable review of John Krige's Science, Revolution and Discontinuity.
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  28.  1
    Continuity and/or Discontinuity at Vatican II? Examining the Council in the Context of the 'Long Nineteenth Century'.Kristin Colberg - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (6):929-942.
    This article explores recent questions regarding the interpretation of Vatican II by examining the council's theological and historical relation to what John O'Malley has called ‘the long nineteenth century’. This period, which O'Malley dates from the French Revolution until the end of the pontificate of Pius XII , connotes a time when political and philosophical developments ‘traumatized’ the Church. This sustained trauma left the Church in a defensive position which deeply informed its view of itself and its relation to the (...)
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  29. Discontinuity Pragmatically Framed.Gorman Jonathan - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 11 (2):127-148.
    _ Source: _Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 127 - 148 This is an attempt to discover and clarify the philosophical nature of what Eelco Runia claims to be his new and up-to-date philosophy of history, a programme offered in his 2014 book _Moved by the Past: Discontinuity and Historical Mutation_. His suggestion that his argument is a “dance” is taken seriously, and following an analysis of historical “meaning” and its time-extended nature it is argued that the book’s presentation commits (...)
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  30. Continuity or Discontinuity? Some Remarks on Leibniz’s Concepts of ‘Substantia Vivens‘ and ‘Organism‘.Antonio Nunziante - 2011 - In Ohad Nachtomy & Justin Smith (eds.), Machines of Nature and Corporeal Substances in Leibniz. springer.
    The doctrine of natural machines, of organisms, of composite substances, assumes a marked consistency in Leibniz starting from his mature years (let us say, from the publishing of New System in 1965 onwards). There is no doubt, therefore, that for a full explanation of the conceptual content of the reflection of Leibniz on the nature of living substances we must turn to the “classic” places in which it took form: from the letters to De Volder and Lady Masham of the (...)
     
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  31. Impressions of Hume: Cinematic Thinking and the Politics of Discontinuity.Davide Panagia - 2013 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Davide Panagia’s Impressions of Hume: Cinematic Thinking and the Politics of Discontinuity is volume fifteen of Modernity and Political Thought, the Rowman & Littlefield series in contemporary political theory.
     
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  32.  11
    Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):71-85.
  33.  40
    Natural Law, Laws of Nature, Natural Rights: Continuity and Discontinuity in the History of Ideas.Francis Oakley - 2005 - Continuum.
    Metaphysical schemata and intellectual traditions -- Laws of nature : the scientific concept -- Natural law : disputed moments of transition -- Natural rights : origins and grounding.
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  34. Continuity and Discontinuity of Definite Properties in the Modal Interpretation.Matthew Donald - unknown
    Technical results about the time dependence of eigenvectors of reduced density operators are considered, and the relevance of these results is discussed for modal interpretations of quantum mechanics which take the corresponding eigenprojections to represent definite properties. Continuous eigenvectors can be found if degeneracies are avoided. We show that, in finite dimensions, the space of degenerate operators has co-dimension 3 in the space of all reduced operators, suggesting that continuous eigenvectors almost surely exist. In any dimension, even when degeneracies are (...)
     
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  35.  2
    Moved by the Past: Discontinuity and Historical Mutation.Eelco Runia - 2014 - Columbia University Press.
    Moved by the Past radically breaks with this tradition of predating the past, incites us to fully acknowledge the discontinuous nature of discontinuities, and proposes to use the fact that history is propelled by unforeseeable leaps and ...
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  36. Humean Causation and the Necessity of Temporal Discontinuity.A. David Kline - 1985 - Mind 94 (376):550-556.
  37.  7
    William Bateson From "Balanoglossus" to "Materials for the Study of Variation": The Transatlantic Roots of Discontinuity and the (Un)Naturalness of Selection. [REVIEW]Erik L. Peterson - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (2):267 - 305.
    William Bateson (1861-1926) has long occupied a controversial role in the history of biology at the turn of the twentieth century. For the most part, Bateson has been situated as the British translator of Mendel or as the outspoken antagonist of W. F. R. Weldon and Karl Pearson's biometrics program. Less has been made of Bateson's transition from embryologist to advocate for discontinuous variation, and the precise role of British and American influences in that transition, in the years leading up (...)
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  38.  19
    Human Rights and Diverse Cultures: Continuity or Discontinuity?Peter Jones - 2000 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (1):27-50.
  39. Discontinuity and Identity.Andrew A. Brennan - 1987 - Noûs 21 (June):241-60.
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  40.  27
    Continuous Creation, Continuous Time: A Refutation of the Alleged Discontinuity of Cartesian Time.Richard Arthur - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (3):349-375.
  41.  11
    Contract and Utopia: The Continuity and Discontinuity of the Libertarian Myths of Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Felipe Schwember Augier - 2016 - Trans/Form/Ação 39 (4):127-152.
    RESUMEN: El presente trabajo examina Anarquía, Estado y utopía de Robert Nozick a la luz de los mitos y ficciones sobre los cuales se construye. En este sentido, se sostendrá que es posible identificar dos mitos principales: el estado de naturaleza lockeano, cuyo principio se deja resumir en la máxima volenti non fit iniuria; y la meta-utopía libertaria, que se deja explicar como una aplicación de la teoría evolutiva de Hayek y de la epistemología de Popper a la construcción de (...)
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  42.  39
    Continuum and Discontinuity.A. Martinet - 1992 - Diogenes 40 (157):89-95.
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  43.  44
    Newtonian Gravity, Quantum Discontinuity and the Determination of Theory by Evidence.Thomas Bonk - 1997 - Synthese 112 (1):53-73.
    A closer examination of scientific practice has cast doubt recently on the thesis that observation necessarily fails to determine theory. In some cases scientists derive fundamental hypotheses from phenomena and general background knowledge by means of demonstrative induction. This note argues that it is wrong to interpret such an argument as providing inductive support for the conclusion, e.g. by eliminating rival hypotheses. The examination of the deduction of the inverse square law of gravitation due to J. Bertrand, and R. Fowler's (...)
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  44.  9
    Continuity and Discontinuity in Human Language Evolution: Putting an Old-Fashioned Debate in its Historical Perspective.Andrea Parravicini & Telmo Pievani - forthcoming - Topoi:1-9.
    The article reconstructs the main lines of three hypotheses in the current literature concerning the evolutionary pace which characterized the natural history of human language: the “continuist” and gradualist perspective, the “discontinuist” and evolution-free perspective, and the “punctuationist” view. This current debate appears to have a long history, which starts at least from Darwin’s time. The article highlights the similarities between the old and the modern debates in terms of history of ideas, and it shows the current limits of each (...)
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  45.  25
    Historicism and Civilizational Discontinuity in Spengler and Troeltsch.Miyang Cho Joanne - 1999 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 51 (3):238-262.
  46.  24
    Extension and Epoch: Continuity and Discontinuity in the Philosophy of A.N. Whitehead.van Haeften Chris - 2001 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 37 (1):59-79.
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  47.  8
    Taking Symbols for Granted? Is the Discontinuity Between Human and Nonhuman Minds the Product of External Symbol Systems?Gary Lupyan - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):140-141.
    The target article provides a convincing argument that nonhuman animals cannot process role-governed rules, relational schemas, and so on, in a human-like fashion. However, actual human performance is often more similar to that of nonhuman animals than Penn et al. admit. The kind of rule-governed performance the authors take for granted may rely to a substantial degree on language on external symbol systems such as those provided by language and culture.
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  48.  2
    Discontinuity in the Enumeration of Sequentially Presented Auditory and Visual Stimuli.Valérie Camos & Barbara Tillmann - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1135-1143.
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  49.  34
    Review of Andrea R. English, Discontinuity in Learning: Dewey, Herbart, and Education as Transformation. [REVIEW]Avi I. Mintz - 2014 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (4):451-458.
    In their influential book, The Child Centered School, Harold Rugg and Ann Schumaker wrote that, in traditional schools, students found “that behind each classroom door lurked a deceptive Pandora’s box of fears, restraints, and long, weary hours of suppression” (Rugg and Shumaker 1928, p. 4). The American child-centered, romantic progressives were known to quip that educators of the old, traditional education did not care what students were taught, as long as students didn’t like it. Isaac Kandel, the longtime critic of (...)
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  50.  9
    Discontinuity in Evolution.Francis Galton - 1894 - Mind 3 (11):362-372.
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