Results for 'dispositions'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Jonathan Edwards.Dispositional Ontology - 2009 - In Graham Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), Medieval Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 2. Routledge. pp. 3--223.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  22
    Philosophical abstracts.Dispositions Laws & Sortal Logic - 1982 - American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Dispositions and conditionals.C. B. Martin - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174):1-8.
  4. Three Cheers for Dispositions: A Dispositional Approach to Acting for a Normative Reason.Susanne Mantel - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (3):561-582.
    Agents sometimes act for normative reasons—for reasons that objectively favor their actions. Jill, for instance, calls a doctor for the normative reason that Kate is injured. In this article I explore a dispositional approach to acting for a normative reason. I argue for the need of epistemic, motivational, and executional dispositional elements of a theory of acting for a normative reason. Dispositions play a mediating role between, on the one hand, the normative reason and its normative force, and the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  5. Yet another victim of Kripkenstein’s monster: dispositions, meaning, and privilege.Andrea Guardo - 2022 - Ergo 8 (55):857-882.
    In metasemantics, semantic dispositionalism is the view that what makes it the case that, given the value of the relevant parameters, a certain linguistic expression refers to what it does are the speakers’ dispositions. In the literature, there is something like a consensus that the fate of dispositionalism hinges on the status of three arguments, first put forward by Saul Kripke ‒ or at least usually ascribed to him. This paper discusses a different, and strangely neglected, anti-dispositionalist argument, which (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6.  92
    A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure.Walter Mischel & Yuichi Shoda - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (2):246-268.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   132 citations  
  7.  67
    Intrinsic finks and attributions of rule-following dispositions.Kai-Yuan Cheng - 2010 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 80 (1):209-220.
    Handfield and Bird claim that dispositionalists such as Martin and Heil appeal to antidotes and finks to explain why and how a conditional analysis of dispositions falls to Kripke's criticisms, but fail. The main reason is that some antidotes and finks are unavoidably intrinsic and relatively permanent in an agent, in which case the ascription of a rule-following disposition to the agent is false. In this paper, I contend that the presence of intrinsic and relatively permanent finks or antidotes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  8. Reactance, morality, and disgust: The relationship between affective dispositions and compliance with official health recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic.Rodrigo Díaz & Florian Cova - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion (1).
    Emergency situations require individuals to make important changes in their behavior. In the case of the COVID-19 pandemic, official recommendations to avoid the spread of the virus include costly behaviors such as self-quarantining or drastically diminishing social contacts. Compliance (or lack thereof) with these recommendations is a controversial and divisive topic, and lay hypotheses abound regarding what underlies this divide. This paper investigates which cognitive, moral, and emotional traits separate people who comply with official recommendations from those who don't. In (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  9. Dispositions.Stephen Mumford - 1998 - Oxford, GB: Clarendon Press.
    Stephen Mumford puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role is in metaphysics and philosophy of science. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is expressed in terms of dispositional properties--from the solubility of sugar to the belief that zebras have stripes. Mumford discusses what it means to say that something has a property of this kind, and how dispositions can possibly be real things in the world. His clear, straightforward, realist (...)
  10.  21
    In Defence Of The Conditional Account Of Dispositions.Lars Gundersen - 2002 - Synthese 130 (3):389-411.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  11. Dispositions: a debate.D. M. Armstrong - 1996 - New York: Routledge. Edited by C. B. Martin, U. T. Place & Tim Crane.
    Dispositions are essential to our understanding of the world. IDispositions: A Debate is an extended dialogue between three distinguished philosophers - D.M. Armstrong, C.B. Martin and U.T. Place - on the many problems associated with dispositions, which reveals their own distinctive accounts of the nature of dispositions. These are then linked to other issues such as the nature of mind, matter, universals, existence, laws of nature and causation.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  12.  19
    Dispositions: A Debate.Tim Crane, D. M. Armstrong & C. B. Martin - 1996 - New York: Routledge. Edited by C. B. Martin, U. T. Place & Tim Crane.
    Dispositions are essential to our understanding of the world. Dispositions: A Debate is an extended dialogue between three distinguished philosophers - D.M. Armstrong, C.B. Martin and U.T. Place - on the many problems associated with dispositions, which reveals their own distinctive accounts of the nature of dispositions. These are then linked to other issues such as the nature of mind, matter, universals, existence, laws of nature and causation.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  13. Aristotle on Co-causes of One’s Dispositions.Filip Grgić - 2017 - Elenchos 38 (1-2):107-126.
    In this paper I offer a close reading of Aristotle’s argument in the Nicomachean Ethics 3.5.1114a31–b25 and try to show that despite considerable interpretive difficulties, some clear structure can nevertheless be discerned. While Aristotle’s main concern in this passage is to refute the so-called asymmetry thesis – the thesis that virtue is voluntary, but vice is not – there is much more in it than just a dialectical encounter. Aristotle wants to respond to a more general objection, which has as (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. On an Alleged Non‐Equivalence Between Dispositions and Disjunctive Properties.Jonathan Cohen - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):77-81.
    This paper shows that grounded dispositions are necessarily coextensive with disjunctive properties. It responds to several objections against this thesis, and then shows how to construct a disjunctive property necessarily coextensive with an arbitrary grounded disposition.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15. Dispositions and Powers.Toby Friend & Samuel Kimpton-Nye - 2023 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Tuomas E. Tahko.
    As we understand them, dispositions are relatively uncontroversial 'predicatory' properties had by objects disposed in certain ways. By contrast, powers are hypothetical 'ontic' properties posited in order to explain dispositional behaviour. Chapter 1 outlines this distinction in more detail. Chapter 2 offers a summary of the issues surrounding analysis of dispositions and various strategies in contemporary literature to address them, including one of our own. Chapter 3 describes some of the important questions facing the metaphysics of powers including (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  95
    Dispositions.Stephen Mumford - 1994 - Cogito 8 (2):141-146.
    Mumford puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role in metaphysics and philosophy of science is. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is expressed in terms of dispositional properties--from the spin of a sub-atomic particle to the solubility of sugar. Mumford discusses what it means to say that something has a property of this kind and how dispositions can possibly be real things in the world.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   171 citations  
  17.  28
    Gender Stereotypes in a Children's Television Program: Effects on Girls' and Boys' Stereotype Endorsement, Math Performance, Motivational Dispositions, and Attitudes.Eike Wille, Hanna Gaspard, Ulrich Trautwein, Kerstin Oschatz, Katharina Scheiter & Benjamin Nagengast - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  18. Dispositional essentialism and the grounding of natural modality.Siegfried Jaag - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14.
    Dispositional essentialism is a non-Humean view about the essences of certain fundamental or natural properties that looms large in recent metaphysics , not least because it promises to explain neatly the natural modalities such as laws of nature, counterfactuals, causation and chance. In the current paper, however, several considerations are presented that indicate a serious tension between its essentialist core thesis and natural “metaphysical” interpretations of its central explanatory claims.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  19.  33
    Dispositional Pluralism.Jennifer McKitrick (ed.) - 2018 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Jennifer McKitrick offers an opinionated guide to the philosophy of dispositions. In her view, when an object has a disposition, it is such that, if a certain type of circumstance were to occur, a certain kind of event would occur. Since this is very common for this to be the case, dispositions are an abundant and diverse feature of our world.
    No categories
  20.  10
    Dispositions: A Debate.D. Armstrong, C. B. Martin & U. T. Place (eds.) - 1996 - New York: Routledge.
    'Why did the window break when it was hit by the stone? Because the window is brittle and the stone is hard; hardness and brittleness are powers, dispositional properties or dispositions.' Dispositions are essential to our understanding of the world. This book is a record of the debate on the nature of dispositions between three distinguished philosophers - D. M. Armstrong, C. B. Martin and U. T. Place - who have been thinking about dispositions all their (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  21. Dispositions.Shungho Choi & Michael Fara - 2012 - The Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This is a perfect overview article that serves as a general introduction to the topic of dispositions. It is composed of six sections that review the main philosophical approaches to the most important questions: Analysis of disposition ascription, the dispositional/categorical distinction, dispositions and categorical bases, the intrinsicness of dispositions and the causal efficacy of dispositions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   103 citations  
  22. Dispositions, relational properties and the quantum world.Mauro Dorato - 2017 - In Maximilien Kistler (ed.), Dispositions and Causal Powers, Routledge, 2017,. London: Routledge. pp. pp.249-270..
    In this paper I examine the role of dispositional properties in the most frequently discussed interpretations of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. After offering some motivation for this project, I briefly characterize the distinction between non-dispositional and dispositional properties in the context of quantum mechanics by suggesting a necessary condition for dispositionality – namely contextuality – and, consequently, a sufficient condition for non-dispositionality, namely non-contextuality. Having made sure that the distinction is conceptually sound, I then analyze the plausibility of the widespread, monistic (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  23. Finkish dispositions.David Kellogg Lewis - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (187):143-158.
    Many years ago, C.B. Martin drew our attention to the possibility of ‘finkish’ dispositions: dispositions which, if put to the test would not be manifested, but rather would disappear. Thus if x if finkishly disposed to give response r to stimulus s, it is not so that if x were subjected to stimulus r, x would give response z; so finkish dispositions afford a counter‐example to the simplest conditional analysis of dispositions. Martin went on to suggest (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   419 citations  
  24. A Dispositional Approach to the Attitudes.Eric Schwitzgebel - 2013 - In Nikolaj Nottelmann (ed.), New Essays on Belief: Constitution, Content and Structure. New York: Palgrave. pp. 75-99.
    I argue that to have an attitude is, primarily, (1.) to have a dispositional profile that matches, to an appropriate degree and in appropriate respects, a stereotype for that attitude, typically grounded in folk psychology, and secondarily, (2.) in some cases also to meet further stereotypical attitude-specific conditions. To have an attitude, on the account I will recommend here, is mainly a matter of being apt to interact with the world in patterns that ordinary people would regard as characteristic of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  25. Armstrong and the modal inversion of dispositions.Toby Handfield - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):452–461.
    D. M. Armstrong has objected that the Dispositionalist theory of laws and properties is modally inverted, for it entails that properties are constituted by relations to non-actual possibilia. I contend that, if this objection succeeds against Dispositionalism, then Armstrong's nomic necessitation relation is also modally inverted. This shows that at least one of Armstrong's reasons for preferring a nomic necessitation theory is specious.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  26. Symmetries, dispositions and essences.Vassilios Livanios - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):295 - 305.
    Dispositional essentialists ultimately appeal to dispositional essences in order to provide (a) an explanation of the conservation of physical quantities and (b) identity conditions for fundamental physical properties. This paper aims to offer alternative suggestions based on symmetry considerations and exhibits their consequences for the thesis of dispositional essentialism.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  27. Fearful apes or nervous goats? Another look at functions of dispositions or traits.Vladimir Krstić - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e68.
    In his article, Grossmann argues that, in the context of human cooperative caregiving, heightened fearfulness in children and human sensitivity to fear in others are adaptive traits. I offer and briefly defend a rival hypothesis: Heightened fearfulness among infants and young children is a maladaptive trait that did not get deselected in the process of evolution because human sensitivity to fear in others mitigates its disadvantageous effects to a sufficient extent.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. Conditionals, functional essences and Martin on dispositions.Stephen Mumford - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (182):86-92.
  29.  97
    Realism, functionalism and the conditional analysis of dispositions.Wolfgang Malzkorn - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):452-469.
  30.  5
    On the Study of Thomas Aquinas’s Tree-layered Character of Moral Dispositions and Passions. 이상일 - 2017 - Journal of the New Korean Philosophical Association 90:313-338.
    우리가 토마스 아퀴나스의 도덕철학의 방법론과 내용들을 연구함에 있어서 아리스토텔레스의 도덕 교설들에 대한 이해를 제외하고서 그의 교설들을 제대로 이해했다고 말할 수 없다. 왜냐하면, 아리스토텔레스의 도덕교설과 토마스 아퀴나스의 도덕 교설 사이에 존재하는 아주 밀접한 관련성 때문이다. 그럼에도 불구하고, 토마스 아퀴나스의 도덕규범 안에는 서로 상이하게 보이는 두 가지의 도덕규범 체계가 공존하고 있음을 볼 수 있다. 하나는 아리스토텔레스적인 것이며, 또 다른 하나는 그리스도교적인 것이다.BR 이와 관련해서, 최근의 학자들은 토마스 아퀴나스의 아리스토텔레스의 교설들의 변형에 관하여 대체적으로 두 가지의 상반된 주장을 펼치고 있다. 하나는 철학적 해석이다. 이것은 (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  24
    L’argument du « miracle perpétuel » et ses conséquences. Dispositions naturelles et action de la créature dans les derniers écrits de Leibniz.Francesco Piro - 2016 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 163 (3):407.
  32. Dispositions and subjunctives.Jesse R. Steinberg - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (3):323 - 341.
    It is generally agreed that dispositions cannot be analyzed in terms of simple subjunctive conditionals (because of what are called “masked dispositions” and “finkish dispositions”). I here defend a qualified subjunctive account of dispositions according to which an object is disposed to Φ when conditions C obtain if and only if, if conditions C were to obtain, then the object would Φ ceteris paribus . I argue that this account does not fall prey to the objections (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  33.  60
    Explicable explainers: The problem of mental dispositions in Spinoza’s Ethics.Ursula Renz - 2009 - In . pp. 79-98.
  34.  6
    Dispositions.R. Tuomela (ed.) - 2013 - Springer Verlag.
    This anthology consists of a collection of papers on the nature of dis positions and the role of disposition concepts in scientific theories. I have tried to make the collection as representative as possible, except that problems specifically connected with dispositions in various special sciences are relatively little discussed. Most of these articles have been previously published. The papers by Mackie, Essler and Trapp, Fetzer (in Section 11), Levi, and Tuomela appear here for the first time, and are simultaneously (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  35. In defence of the conditional account of dispositions.Lars Gundersen - 2002 - Synthese 130 (3):389-411.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  36.  19
    The Epistemic Function of Virtuous Dispositions.Elke Brendel - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 320-340.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37. Dispositional essentialism.Brian Ellis & Caroline Lierse - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (1):27 – 45.
  38.  19
    What More Should Online Doctoral Programs Deliver Beyond Knowledge, Skills, and Scholarly Dispositions?Henry Lara-Steidel - 2022 - Philosophy of Education 77 (4):17-21.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  44
    Do Dispositions and Propensities have a role in the Ontology of Quantum Mechanics? Some Critical Remarks.Mauro Dorato - unknown - Synthese Library.
    In order to tackle the question posed by the title – notoriously answered in the positive, among others, by Heisenberg, Margenau, Popper and Redhead – I first discuss some attempts at distinguishing dispositional from non-dispositional properties, and then relate the distinction to the formalism of quantum mechanics. Since any answer to the question titling the paper must be interpretation-dependent, I review some of the main interpretations of quantum mechanics in order to argue that the ontology of theories regarding “wave collapse” (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  40. Disposition Impossible.C. S. Jenkins & Daniel Nolan - 2012 - Noûs 46 (4):732-753.
    Are there dispositions which not only do not manifest, but which could not manifest? We argue that there are dispositions to Ф in circumstances C where C is impossible, and some where Ф is impossible. Furthermore, postulating these dispositions does useful theoretical work. This paper describes a number of cases of dispositions had by objects even though those dispositions are not possibly manifest, and argues for the importance of these dispositions.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  41. Realism and the conditional analysis of dispositions: Reply to Malzkorn.Stephen Mumford - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (204):375-378.
  42. Dispositions without Conditionals.Barbara Vetter - 2014 - Mind 123 (489):129-156.
    Dispositions are modal properties. The standard conception of dispositions holds that each disposition is individuated by its stimulus condition(s) and its manifestation(s), and that their modality is best captured by some conditional construction that relates stimulus to manifestation as antecedent to consequent. I propose an alternative conception of dispositions: each disposition is individuated by its manifestation alone, and its modality is closest to that of possibility — a fragile vase, for instance, is one that can break easily. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   75 citations  
  43.  42
    The time frame of preferences, dispositions, and the validity of advance directives for the mentally ill.Julian Savulescu & Donna Dickenson - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):225-246.
  44.  8
    The Epistemic Function of Virtuous Dispositions.Elke Brendel - 2009 - In Gregor Damschen, Robert Schnepf & Karsten Stueber (eds.), Debating Dispositions. Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 320-340.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45. On the conditional analysis of dispositions.Wolfgang Malzkorn - 2001 - In Uwe Meixner (ed.), Metaphysics in the Post-Metaphysical Age. Wien. pp. 140-148.
  46. Disposition Ascriptions.Simona Aimar - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (7):1667-1692.
    I argue that disposition ascriptions—claims like ‘the glass is fragile’—are semantically equivalent to possibility claims: they are true when the given object manifests the disposition in at least one of the relevant possible worlds.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  47. Davidson on Truth, Norms, and Dispositions.Garris S. Rogonyan - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (4):68-83.
    Normative dualism between descriptions of the mental and the physical is still a problem for many philosophers that provokes more and more attempts to justify it, or, on the contrary, to overcome it by means of reduction. The problem of a special normative status of mental states is usually considered in isolation from the concept of truth. Moreover, the definition of truth is often construed only as a part of the problem of normativity: in this case, truth is only a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Are dispositions reducible to categorical properties?James Franklin - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (142):62-64.
    Dispostions, such as solubility, cannot be reduced to categorical properties, such as molecular structure, without some element of dipositionaity remaining. Democritus did not reduce all properties to the geometry of atoms - he had to retain the rigidity of the atoms, that is, their disposition not to change shape when a force is applied. So dispositions-not-to, like rigidity, cannot be eliminated. Neither can dispositions-to, like solubility.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  49. The origins of aggression sex differences: Evolved dispositions versus social roles.Alice H. Eagly & Wendy Wood - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):223-224.
    The ultimate causes of sex differences in human aggressive behavior can lie mainly in evolved, inherited mechanisms that differ by sex or mainly in the differing placement of women and men in the social structure. The present commentary contrasts Campbell's evolutionary interpretation of aggression sex differences with a social structural interpretation that encompasses a wider range of phenomena.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  14
    Commentary on" The Time Frame of Preferences, Dispositions, and the Validity of Advance Directives for the Mentally Ill".Nigel Lg Eastman - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):259-261.
1 — 50 / 1000