Results for 'dissociation'

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  1. A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justifications.Marc Hauser, Fiery Cushman, Liane Young, J. I. N. Kang-Xing & John Mikhail - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (1):1–21.
    To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of the double effect. Using web-based technology, we collected a large data set on individuals' responses to a series of moral dilemmas, asking when harm to innocent others is permissible. Each moral dilemma presented a choice between action and inaction, both resulting in lives saved and lives lost. Results showed that: (1) patterns of moral (...)
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  2.  41
    A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justifications.Marc Hauser, Fiery Cushman, Liane Young, R. Kang-Xing Jin & John Mikhail - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (1):1-21.
    : To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of the double effect. Using web-based technology, we collected a large data set on individuals’ responses to a series of moral dilemmas, asking when harm to innocent others is permissible. Each moral dilemma presented a choice between action and inaction, both resulting in lives saved and lives lost. Results showed that: patterns of moral (...)
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  3.  74
    Dissociation During Trauma: The Ownership-Agency Tradeoff Model.Yochai Ataria - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):1037-1053.
    Dissociation during trauma lacks an adequate definition. Using data obtained from interviews with 36 posttraumatic individuals conducted according to the phenomenological approach, this paper seeks to improve our understanding of this phenomenon. In particular, it suggesting a trade off model depicting the balance between the sense of agency and the sense of ownership : a reciprocal relationship appears to exist between these two, and in order to enable control of the body during trauma the sense of ownership must decrease. (...)
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  4.  16
    Dissociated Overt and Covert Recognition as an Emergent Property of a Lesioned Neural Network.Martha J. Farah, Randall C. O'Reilly & Shaun P. Vecera - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (4):571-588.
  5.  52
    The Dissociation Paradigm and its Discontents: How Can Unconscious Perception or Memory Be Inferred?Michael Snodgrass - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):107-116.
    Erdelyi does us all a great service by his customarily incisive discussion of the various ways in which our field tends to neglect, confuse, and misunderstand numerous critical issues in attempting to differentiate conscious from unconscious perception and memory. Although no single commentary could hope to comprehensively assess these issues, I will address Erdelyi’s three main points: How the dissociation paradigm can be used to validly infer unconscious perception; The implications of below-chance effects; and The role of time. I (...)
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  6. Double Dissociation: Understanding its Role in Cognitive Neuropsychology.Martin Davies - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (5):500-540.
    The paper makes three points about the role of double dissociation in cognitive neuropsychology. First, arguments from double dissociation to separate modules work by inference to the best, not the only possible, explanation. Second, in the development of computational cognitive neuropsychology, the contribution of connectionist cognitive science has been to broaden the range of potential explanations of double dissociation. As a result, the competition between explanations, and the characteristic features of the assessment of theories against the criteria (...)
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  7.  75
    Dissociations Among Attention, Perception, and Awareness During Object-Substitution Masking.Geoffrey F. Woodman & Steven J. Luck - 2003 - Psychological Science 14 (6):605-611.
  8.  14
    Dissociation of Processes in Belief: Source Recollection, Statement Familiarity, and the Illusion of Truth.Ian Maynard Begg, Ann Anas & Suzanne Farinacci - 1992 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 121 (4):446-458.
  9.  11
    Dissociation of Mechanisms Underlying Syllogistic Reasoning.Vinod Goel, Christian Buchel, Chris Frith & Raymond J. Dolan - 2000 - NeuroImage 12 (5):504-514.
    A key question for cognitive theories of reasoning is whether logical reasoning is inherently a sentential linguistic process or a process requiring spatial manipulation and search. We addressed this question in an event-related fMRI study of syllogistic reasoning, using sentences with and without semantic content. Our findings indicate involvement of two dissociable networks in deductive reasoning. During content-based reasoning a left hemisphere temporal system was recruited. By contrast, a formally identical reasoning task, which lacked semantic content, activated a parietal system. (...)
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  10.  78
    Dissociable Realization and Kind Splitting.Carl F. Craver - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):960-971.
    It is a common assumption in contemporary cognitive neuroscience that discovering a putative realized kind to be dissociably realized (i.e., to be realized in each instance by two or more distinct realizers) mandates splitting that kind. Here I explore some limits on this inference using two deceptively similar examples: the dissociation of declarative and procedural memory and Ramachandran's argument that the self is an illusion.
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  11.  34
    Dissociated Control as a Signature of Typological Variability in High Hypnotic Suggestibility.Devin Blair Terhune, Etzel Cardeña & Magnus Lindgren - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):727-736.
    This study tested the prediction that dissociative tendencies modulate the impact of a hypnotic induction on cognitive control in different subtypes of highly suggestible individuals. Low suggestible , low dissociative highly suggestible , and high dissociative highly suggestible participants completed the Stroop color-naming task in control and hypnosis conditions. The magnitude of conflict adaptation was used as a measure of cognitive control. LS and LDHS participants displayed marginally superior up-regulation of cognitive control following a hypnotic induction, whereas HDHS participants’ performance (...)
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  12.  30
    Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing.Yves Rossetti (ed.) - 2000 - Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  13.  24
    Double Dissociation of V1 and V5/MT Activity in Visual Awareness.Juha Silvanto, Nilli Lavie & Vincent Walsh - 2005 - Cerebral Cortex 15 (11):1736-1741.
  14.  17
    Dissociating Knowing and the Feeling of Knowing: Further Evidence for the Accessibility Model.Asher Koriat - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124 (3):311.
  15.  81
    Schizophrenia, Dissociation, and Consciousness.Petr Bob & George A. Mashour - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1042-1049.
    Current thinking suggests that dissociation could be a significant comorbid diagnosis in a proportion of schizophrenic patients with a history of trauma. This potentially may explain the term “schizophrenia” in its original definition by Bleuler, as influenced by his clinical experience and personal view. Additionally, recent findings suggest a partial overlap between dissociative symptoms and the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, which could be explained by inhibitory deficits. In this context, the process of dissociation could serve as an important (...)
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  16.  8
    Dissociating Perceptual Confidence From Discrimination Accuracy Reveals No Influence of Metacognitive Awareness on Working Memory.Jason Samaha, John J. Barrett, Andrew D. Sheldon, Joshua J. LaRocque & Bradley R. Postle - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  17.  7
    Dissociating Contingency Awareness and Conditioned Attitudes: Evidence of Contingency-Unaware Evaluative Conditioning.Mandy Hütter, Steven Sweldens, Christoph Stahl, Christian Unkelbach & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):539-557.
  18.  13
    Dissociating the Roles of Right Ventral Lateral and Dorsal Lateral Prefrontal Cortex in Generation and Maintenance of Hypotheses in Set-Shift Problems.Vinod Goel & Oshin Vartanian - 2005 - Cerebral Cortex 15 (8):1170-1177.
    Although patient data have traditionally implicated the left prefrontal cortex in hypothesis generation, recent lesion data implicate right PFC in hypothesis generation tasks that involve set shifts. To test the involvement of the right prefrontal cortex in a hypothesis generation task involving set shifts, we scanned 13 normal subjects with fMRI as they completed Match Problems and a baseline task. In Match Problems subjects determined the number of possible solutions for each trial. Successful solutions are indicative of set shifts. In (...)
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  19.  24
    Judgment Dissociation Theory: An Analysis of Differences in Causal, Counterfactual and Covariational Reasoning.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):419.
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  20.  27
    Dissociation and Presupposition in Discourse: A Corpus Study. [REVIEW]Chiara Degano - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (4):361-378.
    This paper aims at combining different theoretical and methodological approaches for the analysis of discourse, focusing in particular on argumentative structures. At a first level an attempt is made to include argumentation in critical discourse analysis in order to extend the analysis of interaction between “structures of discourse” and “structures of ideologies” (T. A. van Dijk, R. Wodak and M. Meyer (eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis. Sage, London, 1995) to higher levels of language description. At a second level the (...)
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  21. The Dissociative and Polemical Political: Chantal Mouffe and the Intellectual Heritage of Carl Schmitt.Martin Beckstein - 2011 - .
    In her more recent work, Chantal Mouffe enters into what she calls a 'dialogue' with Carl Schmitt on the political. So far, interpretations of this dialogue suggest that Mouffe attempts to revise Schmitt's friend/enemy-distinction and carve out a theory of agonistic pluralism. An interpretation on these grounds, this article argues, reduces the dialogue to its analytical dimension and cannot comfortably be upheld. Mouffe indeed appropriates Schmitt's friend/enemy-distinction, but she also gets inspired by the metatheoretical facet of his intellectual heritage with (...)
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  22.  82
    Dissociations in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuroscience.Edouard Machery - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (4):490-518.
  23.  23
    Dissociating the Ability and Propensity for Empathy.Christian Keysers & Valeria Gazzola - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):163-166.
  24. Delusion, Dissociation and Identity.Jeanette Kennett & Steve Matthews - 2003 - Philosophical Explorations 6 (1):31-49.
    The condition known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) or Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is metaphysically strange. Can there really be several distinct persons operating in a single body? Our view is that DID sufferers are single persons with a severe mental disorder. In this paper we compare the phenomenology of dissociation between personality states in DID with certain delusional disorders. We argue both that the burden of proof must lie with those who defend the metaphysically extravagant Multiple Persons view (...)
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  25. Re-Representing Consciousness: Dissociations Between Experience and Meta-Consciousness.Jonathan W. Schooler - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (8):339-344.
  26.  26
    Dissociations of Personally Significant and Task-Relevant Distractors Inside and Outside the Focus of Attention: A Combined Behavioral and Psychophysiological Study.Nurit Gronau, Asher Cohen & Gershon Ben-Shakhar - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (4):512.
  27.  21
    Dissociating the Effects of Attention and Contingency Awareness on Evaluative Conditioning Effects in the Visual Paradigm.Andy P. Field & Annette C. Moore - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):217-243.
  28.  41
    Functional Dissociation of the Posterior and Anterior Insula in Moral Disgust.Xiaoping Ying, Jing Luo, Chi-yue Chiu, Yanhong Wu, Yan Xu & Jin Fan - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  11
    Dissociating Processes Underlying Level-1 Visual Perspective Taking in Adults.Andrew R. Todd, C. Daryl Cameron & Austin J. Simpson - 2017 - Cognition 159:97-101.
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  30.  13
    Dissociating Uncertainty Responses and Reinforcement Signals in the Comparative Study of Uncertainty Monitoring.J. David Smith, Michael J. Beran, Joshua S. Redford & David A. Washburn - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (2):282-297.
  31.  15
    Explaining Dissociations Between Implicit and Explicit Measures of Retention: A Processing Account.Mary Susan Weldon, H. L. Roediger & B. H. Challis - 1989 - In Henry L. I. Roediger & Fergus I. M. Craik (eds.), Varieties of Memory and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of Endel Tulving. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  32.  32
    Dissociations in Future Thinking Following Hippocampal Damage: Evidence From Discounting and Time Perspective in Episodic Amnesia.Donna Kwan, Carl F. Craver, Leonard Green, Joel Myerson & R. Shayna Rosenbaum - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1355.
  33.  26
    Dissociation in Self-Narrative.Shaun Gallagher & Jonathan Cole - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):149-155.
    We review different analytic approaches to narratives by those with psychopathological conditions, and we suggest that the interpretation of such narratives are complicated by a variety of phenomenological and hermeneutical considerations. We summarize an empirical study of narrative distance in narratives by non-pathological subjects, and discuss how the results can be interpreted in two different ways with regard to the issue of dissociation.
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  34.  31
    Dissociating Controlled From Automatic Processing in Temporal Preparation.Mariagrazia Capizzi, Daniel Sanabria & Ángel Correa - 2012 - Cognition 123 (2):293-302.
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  35.  11
    Dissociation Between Magnitude Comparison and Relation Identification Across Different Formats for Rational Numbers.Maureen E. Gray, Melissa DeWolf, Miriam Bassok & Keith J. Holyoak - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (2):179-197.
    The present study examined whether a dissociation among formats for rational numbers can be obtained in tasks that require comparing a number to a non-symbolic quantity. In Experiment 1, college students saw a discrete or else continuous image followed by a rational number, and had to decide which was numerically larger. In Experiment 2, participants saw the same displays but had to make a judgment about the type of ratio represented by the number. The magnitude task was performed more (...)
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  36.  7
    Dissociating Neuronal Gamma-Band Activity From Cranial and Ocular Muscle Activity in EEG.Joerg F. Hipp & Markus Siegel - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  37.  15
    Early Dissociation Between Neural Signatures of Endogenous Spatial Attention and Perceptual Awareness During Visual Masking.Valentin Wyart, Stanislas Dehaene & Catherine Tallon-Baudry - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  38.  13
    Functional Dissociations in Temporal Preparation: Evidence From Dual-Task Performance.Antonino Vallesi, Sandra Arbula & Paolo Bernardis - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):141-151.
  39.  4
    Dissociation, Reflexivity and Habitus.Howard Davis & Shahram Rafieian - 2016 - European Journal of Social Theory 19 (4):556-573.
    Many theorists, in their search for a better explanation of the dynamics of structure and agency, have expressed the need for a theory in which reflexivity and habitus are reconciled. In this article, we argue that a dissociative theory of mind can provide the essential framework in which habitual routines and reflexivity function in parallel. This is explored using the examples of athletic training and hypnosis, where the interplay between conscious and unconscious mechanisms is displayed. In both settings, there is (...)
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  40.  43
    Dissociating Body Image and Body Schema with Rubber Hands.Nicholas Paul Holmes & Charles Spence - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):211-212.
    Dijkerman & de Haan (D&dH) argue that body image and body schema form parts of different and dissociable somatosensory streams. We agree in general, but believe that more emphasis should be placed on interactions between these two streams. We illustrate this point with evidence from the rubber-hand illusion (RHI) – an illusion of body image, which depends critically upon body schema.
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  41. Characteristics of Dissociable Human Learning Systems.David R. Shanks & Mark F. St John - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-447.
    A number of ways of taxonomizing human learning have been proposed. We examine the evidence for one such proposal, namely, that there exist independent explicit and implicit learning systems. This combines two further distinctions, (1) between learning that takes place with versus without concurrent awareness, and (2) between learning that involves the encoding of instances (or fragments) versus the induction of abstract rules or hypotheses. Implicit learning is assumed to involve unconscious rule learning. We examine the evidence for implicit learning (...)
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  42.  10
    Beyond Dissociation Logic: Evidence for Controlled and Automatic Influences in Artificial Grammar Learning.Philip A. Higham, John R. Vokey & J. Lynne Pritchard - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (4):457-470.
  43.  28
    Dissociating Size Representation for Action and for Conscious Judgment: Grasping Visual Illusions Without Apparent Obstacles.Elisabeth Stöttinger & Josef Perner - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):269-284.
    Visual illusions provide important evidence for the co-existence of unconscious and conscious representations. Objects surrounded by other figures are consciously perceived as different in size, while the visuo-motor system supposedly uses an unconscious representation of the discs’ true size for grip size scaling. Recent evidence suggests other factors than represented size, e.g., surrounding rings conceived as obstacles, affect grip size. Use of the diagonal illusion avoids visual obstacles in the path of the reaching hand. Results support the dual representation theory. (...)
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  44.  32
    Dissociating Temporal Preparation Processes as a Function of the Inter-Trial Interval Duration.Antonino Vallesi, Violeta N. Lozano & Ángel Correa - 2013 - Cognition 127 (1):22-30.
  45.  26
    Dissociable Effects of Valence and Arousal on Different Subtypes of Old/New Effect: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials.Huifang Xu, Qin Zhang, Bingbing Li & Chunyan Guo - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  46.  66
    Characteristics of Dissociable Human Learning Systems.David R. Shanks & Mark F. St John - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-395.
    A number of ways of taxonomizing human learning have been proposed. We examine the evidence for one such proposal, namely, that there exist independent explicit and implicit learning systems. This combines two further distinctions, between learning that takes place with versus without concurrent awareness, and between learning that involves the encoding of instances versus the induction of abstract rules or hypotheses. Implicit learning is assumed to involve unconscious rule learning. We examine the evidence for implicit learning derived from subliminal learning, (...)
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  47.  32
    Dissociative Tendencies and Right-Hemisphere Processing Load: Effects on Vigilance Performance.William S. Helton, Martin J. Dorahy & Paul N. Russell - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):696-702.
    The present study was designed to explore the relationship between self-reported dissociative experiences and performance in tasks eliciting right-hemisphere processing load. Thirty-four participants performed a vigilance task in two conditions: with task-irrelevant negative-arousing pictures and task-irrelevant neutral pictures. Dissociation was assessed with the Dissociative Experience Scale. Consistent with theories positing right-hemisphere deregulation in high non-clinical dissociators, dissociative experiences correlated with greater vigilance decrement only in the negative picture condition. As both the vigilance task and negative picture processing are right (...)
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  48.  9
    Process Dissociation, Single-Process Theories, and Recognition Memory.Roger Ratcliff, Trish Van Zandt & Gail McKoon - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124 (4):352.
  49. Dislocation, Not Dissociation: The Neuroanatomical Argument Against Visual Experience Driving Motor Action.Benjamin Kozuch - 2015 - Mind and Language 30 (5):572-602.
    Common sense suggests that visual consciousness is essential to skilled motor action, but Andy Clark—inspired by Milner and Goodale's dual visual systems theory—has appealed to a wide range of experimental dissociations to argue that such an assumption is false. Critics of Clark's argument contend that the content driving motor action is actually within subjects' experience, just not easily discovered. In this article, I argue that even if such content exists, it cannot be guiding motor action, since a review of current (...)
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  50.  11
    Dissociating Contributions of Head and Torso to Spatial Reference Frames: The Misalignment Paradigm.Adrian J. T. Alsmith, Elisa R. Ferrè & Matthew R. Longo - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:105-114.
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