Results for 'dynamic effects'

999 found
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  1.  52
    Order Effects in Dynamic Semantics.Peter Beim Graben - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):67-73.
    In their target article, Wang and Busemeyer (2013) discuss question order effects in terms of incompatible projectors on a Hilbert space. In a similar vein, Blutner recently presented an orthoalgebraic query language essentially relying on dynamic update semantics. Here, I shall comment on some interesting analogies between the different variants of dynamic semantics and generalized quantum theory to illustrate other kinds of order effects in human cognition, such as belief revision, the resolution of anaphors, and default (...)
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  2.  14
    Dynamic Effects of Self-Relevance and Task on the Neural Processing of Emotional Words in Context.Eric C. Fields & Gina R. Kuperberg - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  3.  2
    Stochastic Dynamic Model of Sulfate Corrosion Reactions in Concrete Materials Considering the Effects of Colored Gaussian Noises.Tao Li & Bin Zhang - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-18.
    The corrosion reactions in concrete materials subjected to external environment attack can lead to the deterioration of concrete. However, the effects of internal fluctuations on the corrosion reaction process have not been reported in current studies on damage of concrete materials. To comprehensively describe the effects of internal fluctuations, the stochastic dynamic model of corrosion reactions in concrete materials subjected to sulfate attack is established based on the law of mass conservation and random process theory, in which (...)
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  4.  13
    Effects of Dynamic Aspects of Facial Expressions: A Review.Eva G. Krumhuber, Arvid Kappas & Antony S. R. Manstead - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):41-46.
    A key feature of facial behavior is its dynamic quality. However, most previous research has been limited to the use of static images of prototypical expressive patterns. This article explores the role of facial dynamics in the perception of emotions, reviewing relevant empirical evidence demonstrating that dynamic information improves coherence in the identification of affect (particularly for degraded and subtle stimuli), leads to higher emotion judgments (i.e., intensity and arousal), and helps to differentiate between genuine and fake expressions. (...)
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  5. Typicality Effects and Resilience in Evolving Dynamic Associative Networks.Anthony F. Beavers - unknown
    This paper is part of a larger project to determine how to build agent-based cognitive models capable of initial associative intelligence. Our method here is to take McClelland’s 1981 “Jets and Sharks” dataset and rebuild it using a nonlinear dynamic system with an eye toward determining which parameters are necessary to govern the interactivity of agents in a multi-agent cognitive system. A few number of parameters are suggested concerning diffusion and infusion values, which are basically elementary forms of information (...)
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  6.  47
    Gaze Allocation in a Dynamic Situation: Effects of Social Status and Speaking.Tom Foulsham, Joey T. Cheng, Jessica L. Tracy, Joseph Henrich & Alan Kingstone - 2010 - Cognition 117 (3):319-331.
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  7. The Effects of Dynamic Work Environments on Entrepreneurs’ Humble Leader Behaviors: Based on Uncertainty Reduction Theory.Xiao Deng, Bo Gao & Guozheng Li - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  8.  5
    The Stream of Experience When Watching Artistic Movies. Dynamic Aesthetic Effects Revealed by the Continuous Evaluation Procedure.Claudia Muth, Marius H. Raab & Claus-Christian Carbon - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  9. EEG Brain Activity in Dynamic Health Qigong Training: Same Effects for Mental Practice and Physical Training?Diana Henz & Wolfgang I. Schöllhorn - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  10.  12
    Rhythm is It: Effects of Dynamic Body Feedback on Affect and Attitudes.Sabine C. Koch - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  11.  5
    Dynamic Prototypicality Effects in Visual Search.Greet Kayaert, Hans P. Op de Beeck & Johan Wagemans - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (3):506-519.
  12.  11
    Effects of Ageing and Sex on Complexity in the Human Sleep EEG: A Comparison of Three Symbolic Dynamic Analysis Methods.Pinar Deniz Tosun, Derk-Jan Dijk, Raphaelle Winsky-Sommerer & Daniel Abasolo - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-12.
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  13.  5
    Effects of Blue Light on Dynamic Vision.Hung-Wen Chen & Su-Ling Yeh - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14.  18
    Dynamic Processes in Stimulus Integration Theory: Effects of Feedback on Averaging of Motor Movements.Kent L. Norman - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):399.
  15.  22
    The Effects of Smokeless Tobacco on Dynamic Visual Acuity.Gerald M. Long & Mike D. Jones - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (6):613-616.
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  16.  6
    The Effects of Smoking on Dynamic Visual Acuity.Gerald M. Long & Martin E. Franklin - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (2):163-166.
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  17.  8
    Effects of Single Compared to Dual Task Practice on Learning a Dynamic Balance Task in Young Adults.Rainer Kiss, Dennis Brueckner & Thomas Muehlbauer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18.  13
    Combining Control Effects and Their Models: Game Semantics for a Hierarchy of Static, Dynamic and Delimited Control Effects.J. Laird - 2017 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 168 (2):470-500.
  19.  21
    Dynamic Computation and Context Effects in the Hybrid Architecture Akira.Giovanni Pezzulo & Gianguglielmo Calvi - 2005 - In B. Kokinov A. Dey (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 368--381.
  20. Dynamic Behavior of Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Buildings Under Horizontal Forces and the Design of Joints (Including Wind, Earthquake, Blast Effects).N. M. Newmark & W. J. Hall - 1968 - In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif..
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  21. Embedded Attitudes.Kyle Blumberg & Ben Holguín - forthcoming - Journal of Semantics.
    This paper presents a puzzle involving embedded attitude reports. We resolve the puzzle by arguing that attitude verbs take restricted readings: in some environments the denotation of attitude verbs can be restricted by a given proposition. For example, when these verbs are embedded in the consequent of a conditional, they can be restricted by the proposition expressed by the conditional’s antecedent. We formulate and motivate two conditions on the availability of verb restrictions: (i) a constraint that ties the content of (...)
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  22.  49
    Vagueness and Order Effects in Color Categorization.Paul Egré, Vincent de Gardelle & David Ripley - 2013 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (4):391-420.
    This paper proposes an experimental investigation of the use of vague predicates in dynamic sorites. We present the results of two studies in which subjects had to categorize colored squares at the borderline between two color categories (Green vs. Blue, Yellow vs. Orange). Our main aim was to probe for hysteresis in the ordered transitions between the respective colors, namely for the longer persistence of the initial category. Our main finding is a reverse phenomenon of enhanced contrast (i.e. negative (...)
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  23. Donkey Pluralities: Plural Information States Versus Non-Atomic Individuals.Adrian Brasoveanu - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):129-209.
    The paper argues that two distinct and independent notions of plurality are involved in natural language anaphora and quantification: plural reference (the usual non-atomic individuals) and plural discourse reference, i.e., reference to a quantificational dependency between sets of objects (e.g., atomic/non-atomic individuals) that is established and subsequently elaborated upon in discourse. Following van den Berg (PhD dissertation, University of Amsterdam, 1996), plural discourse reference is modeled as plural information states (i.e., as sets of variable assignments) in a new dynamic (...)
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  24. Bridging Emotion Theory and Neurobiology Through Dynamic Systems Modeling.Marc D. Lewis - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):169-194.
    Efforts to bridge emotion theory with neurobiology can be facilitated by dynamic systems (DS) modeling. DS principles stipulate higher-order wholes emerging from lower-order constituents through bidirectional causal processes cognition relations. I then present a psychological model based on this reconceptualization, identifying trigger, self-amplification, and self-stabilization phases of emotion-appraisal states, leading to consolidating traits. The article goes on to describe neural structures and functions involved in appraisal and emotion, as well as DS mechanisms of integration by which they interact. These (...)
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  25.  97
    Inquisitive Dynamic Epistemic Logic.Ivano A. Ciardelli & Floris Roelofsen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (6):1643-1687.
    Information exchange can be seen as a dynamic process of raising and resolving issues. The goal of this paper is to provide a logical framework to model and reason about this process. We develop an inquisitive dynamic epistemic logic , which enriches the standard framework of dynamic epistemic logic , incorporating insights from recent work on inquisitive semantics. At a static level, IDEL does not only allow us to model the information available to a set of agents, (...)
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  26.  51
    On Combinations of Propositional Dynamic Logic and Doxastic Modal Logics.Renate A. Schmidt & Dmitry Tishkovsky - 2008 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (1):109-129.
    We prove completeness and decidability results for a family of combinations of propositional dynamic logic and unimodal doxastic logics in which the modalities may interact. The kind of interactions we consider include three forms of commuting axioms, namely, axioms similar to the axiom of perfect recall and the axiom of no learning from temporal logic, and a Church–Rosser axiom. We investigate the influence of the substitution rule on the properties of these logics and propose a new semantics for the (...)
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  27.  60
    A Dynamic Context Model of Interactive Behavior.Wai-Tat Fu - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (5):874-904.
    A dynamic context model of interactive behavior was developed to explain results from two experiments that tested the effects of interaction costs on encoding strategies, cognitive representations, and response selection processes in a decision-making and a judgment task. The model assumes that the dynamic context defined by the mixes of internal and external representations and processes are sensitive to the interaction cost imposed by the task environment. The model predicts that changes in the dynamic context may (...)
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  28.  75
    On the Dynamic Logic of Agency and Action.Chrysafis Hartonas - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (3):441-478.
    We present a Hilbert style axiomatization and an equational theory for reasoning about actions and capabilities. We introduce two novel features in the language of propositional dynamic logic, converse as backwards modality and abstract processes specified by preconditions and effects, written as \({\varphi \Rightarrow \psi}\) and first explored in our recent paper (Hartonas, Log J IGPL Oxf Univ Press, 2012), where a Gentzen-style sequent calculus was introduced. The system has two very natural interpretations, one based on the familiar (...)
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  29.  12
    Position Systems in Dynamic Domains.Jianmin Ji & Fangzhen Lin - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (2):147-161.
    A dynamic domain consists of a set of legal states and a transition function that maps states to states. AI formalisms for specifying dynamic domains have so far focused on describing the effects of actions, that is, the transition functions. In this paper we propose a notion of characteristic set of position systems for the purpose of describing legal states. A position system for a type of objects is a set of properties that are mutually exclusive, and (...)
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  30. Dynamic Logic of Preference Upgrade.Johan van Benthem & Fenrong Liu - 2007 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 17 (2):157-182.
    Statements not only update our current knowledge, but also have other dynamic effects. In particular, suggestions or commands ?upgrade' our preferences by changing the current order among worlds. We present a complete logic of knowledge update plus preference upgrade that works with dynamic-epistemic-style reduction axioms. This system can model changing obligations, conflicting commands, or ?regret'. We then show how to derive reduction axioms from arbitrary definable relation changes. This style of analysis also has a product update version (...)
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  31.  5
    System Structure and Cognitive Ability as Predictors of Performance in Dynamic System Control Tasks.Jan Hundertmark, Daniel V. Holt, Andreas Fischer, Nadia Said & Helen Fischer - 2015 - Journal of Dynamic Decision Making 1 (1).
    In dynamic system control, cognitive mechanisms and abilities underlying performance may vary depending on the nature of the task. We therefore investigated the effects of system structure and its interaction with cognitive abilities on system control performance. A sample of 127 university students completed a series of different system control tasks that were manipulated in terms of system size and recurrent feedback, either with or without a cognitive load manipulation. Cognitive abilities assessed included reasoning ability, working memory capacity, (...)
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  32.  73
    Toward a Quantitative Description of Large-Scale Neocortical Dynamic Function and EEG.Paul L. Nunez - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):371-398.
    A general conceptual framework for large-scale neocortical dynamics based on data from many laboratories is applied to a variety of experimental designs, spatial scales, and brain states. Partly distinct, but interacting local processes (e.g., neural networks) arise from functional segregation. Global processes arise from functional integration and can facilitate (top down) synchronous activity in remote cell groups that function simultaneously at several different spatial scales. Simultaneous local processes may help drive (bottom up) macroscopic global dynamics observed with electroencephalography (EEG) or (...)
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  33.  59
    Individual Differences in Theory-of-Mind Judgments: Order Effects and Side Effects.Adam Feltz & Edward T. Cokely - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (3):343 - 355.
    We explore and provide an account for a recently identified judgment anomaly, i.e., an order effect that changes the strength of intentionality ascriptions for some side effects (e.g., when a chairman's pursuit of profits has the foreseen but unintended consequence of harming the environment). Experiment 1 replicated the previously unanticipated order effect anomaly controlling for general individual differences. Experiment 2 revealed that the order effect was multiply determined and influenced by factors such as beliefs (i.e., that the same actor (...)
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  34. The Surprise Examination in Dynamic Epistemic Logic.J. Gerbrandy - 2007 - Synthese 155 (1):21-33.
    We examine the paradox of the surprise examination using dynamic epistemic logic. This logic contains means of expressing epistemic facts as well as the effects of learning new facts, and is therefore a natural framework for representing the puzzle. We discuss a number of different interpretations of the puzzle in this context, and show how the failure of principle of success, that states that sentences, when learned, remain to be true and come to be believed, plays a central (...)
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  35. A Dynamic-Logical Perspective on Quantum Behavior.A. Baltag & S. Smets - 2008 - Studia Logica 89 (2):187-211.
    In this paper we show how recent concepts from Dynamic Logic, and in particular from Dynamic Epistemic logic, can be used to model and interpret quantum behavior. Our main thesis is that all the non-classical properties of quantum systems are explainable in terms of the non-classical flow of quantum information. We give a logical analysis of quantum measurements (formalized using modal operators) as triggers for quantum information flow, and we compare them with other logical operators previously used to (...)
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  36.  32
    An Enactive Account of Placebo Effects.Giulio Ongaro & Dave Ward - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (4):507-533.
    Placebos are commonly defined as ineffective treatments. They are treatments that lack a known mechanism linking their properties to the properties of the condition on which treatment aims to intervene. Given this, the fact that placebos can have substantial therapeutic effects looks puzzling. The puzzle, we argue, arises from the relationship placebos present between culturally meaningful entities, our intentional relationship to the environment and bodily effects. How can a mere attitude toward a treatment result in appropriate bodily changes? (...)
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  37.  71
    Dynamic Deontic Logic and its Paradoxes.Albert J. J. Anglberger - 2008 - Studia Logica 89 (3):427-435.
    In Meyer’s promising account [7] deontic logic is reduced to a dynamic logic. Meyer claims that with his account “we get rid of most (if not all) of the nasty paradoxes that have plagued traditional deontic logic.” But as was shown by van der Meyden in [4], Meyer’s logic also contains a paradoxical formula. In this paper we will show that another paradox can be proven, one which also effects Meyer’s “solution” to contrary to duty obligations and his (...)
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  38.  56
    A Dynamic Developmental Theory of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Predominantly Hyperactive/Impulsive and Combined Subtypes.Terje Sagvolden, Espen Borgå Johansen, Heidi Aase & Vivienne Ann Russell - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):397-419.
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is currently defined as a cognitive/behavioral developmental disorder where all clinical criteria are behavioral. Inattentiveness, overactivity, and impulsiveness are presently regarded as the main clinical symptoms. The dynamic developmental behavioral theory is based on the hypothesis that altered dopaminergic function plays a pivotal role by failing to modulate nondopaminergic (primarily glutamate and GABA) signal transmission appropriately. A hypofunctioning mesolimbic dopamine branch produces altered reinforcement of behavior and deficient extinction of previously reinforced behavior. This gives rise to (...)
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  39. Acts of Requesting in Dynamic Logic of Knowledge and Obligation.Tomoyuki Yamada - 2011 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 7 (2):59-82.
    Although it seems intuitively clear that acts of requesting are different from acts of commanding, it is not very easy to sate their differences precisely in dynamic terms. In this paper we show that it becomes possible to characterize, at least partially, the effects of acts of requesting and compare them with the effects of acts of commanding by combining dynamified deontic logic with epistemic logic. One interesting result is the following: each act of requesting is appropriately (...)
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  40.  7
    Dynamic Processes in Emotion Regulation Choice.Jonathan W. Murphy & Michael A. Young - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (8):1654-1662.
    Because emotion regulation processes operate over time, they potentially change the context in which subsequent ER processes occur. To test this proposal, fifty-two healthy participants completed the ER choice task. Thirty standardized low- and high-intensity negative images were used to generate different emotional contexts in which participants selected between distraction or reappraisal strategies to decrease the intensity of their negative emotion. Participants then implemented their selected strategy and rated their negative emotion. Using a dynamic perspective, we examined as predictors (...)
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  41.  59
    Time, Persistence, and Causality: Towards a Dynamic View of Temporal Reality.Rognvaldur Ingthorsson - 2002 - Dissertation, Umeå University
    The thesis revolves around the following questions. What is time? Is time tensed or tenseless? Do things endure or perdure, i.e. do things persist by being wholly present at many times, or do they persist by having temporal parts? Do causes bring their effects into existence, or are they only correlated with each other? Within a realist approach to metaphysics, the author claims that the tensed view of time, the endurance view of persistence, and the production view of causality (...)
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  42.  25
    Aging Into Perceptual Control: A Dynamic Causal Modeling for fMRI Study of Bistable Perception.Ehsan Dowlati, Sarah E. Adams, Alexandra B. Stiles & Rosalyn J. Moran - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
    Aging is accompanied by stereotyped changes in functional brain activations, for example a cortical shift in activity patterns from posterior to anterior regions is one hallmark revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of aging cognition. Whether these neuronal effects of aging could potentially contribute to an amelioration of or resistance to the cognitive symptoms associated with psychopathology remains to be explored. We used a visual illusion paradigm to address whether aging affects the cortical control of perceptual beliefs and (...)
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  43.  32
    Study of Commitment Antecedents: The Dynamic Point of View. [REVIEW]Chun-Hsi Vivian Chen & Setyabudi Indartono - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):529-541.
    This study adopted a dynamic perspective in investigating the effects of employees’ perception of equity (PoE) and perception of organizational politics (POP) on their trust in organizations and the subsequent effect of such on their commitment. Data were collected from 216 employees from various industries. The positive effect of PoE and negative effect of POP on employees’ trust were confirmed in this study. It is also found that employees’ trust in organizations has a positive effect on their organizational (...)
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  44.  8
    Observing and Influencing Preferences in Real Time. Gaze, Morality and Dynamic Decision-Making.Philip Pärnamets - unknown
    Preference formation and choice are dynamic cognitive processes arising from interactions between decision-makers and their immediate choice environment. This thesis examines how preferences and decisions are played out in visual attention, captured by eye-movements, as well as in group contexts. Papers I-II make use of the Choice Blindness paradigm. Paper I compares participants’ eye movements and pupil dilation over the course of a trial when participants detect and fail to detect the false feedback concerning their choices. Results indicate objective (...)
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  45.  4
    Hybrid Nature: Effects on Environmental Fundamentals and Species’ Semiosis.Almo Farina - 2020 - Biosemiotics 13 (1):21-40.
    In hybrid nature that results from a random mix of technological infrastructures and natural ecosystems, environmental fundamentals are modified producing dramatic effects on the semiosis of several species. Human intrusion in ecosystems creates new spatial configurations that have a reduced ecological complexity when compared with systems less affected by human manipulation. This causes cascading effects on other environmental fundamentals. F.i., systems that face a low complexity, are more exposed to changes that in turn can reduce the performances of (...)
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  46.  16
    Organic and dynamic tool for use with knowledge base of AI ethics for promoting engineers’ practice of ethical AI design.Kaira Sekiguchi & Koichi Hori - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):51-71.
    In recent years, ethical questions related to the development of artificial intelligence are being increasingly discussed. However, there has not been enough corresponding increase in the research and development associated with AI technology that incorporates with ethical discussion. We therefore implemented an organic and dynamic tool for use with knowledge base of AI ethics for engineers to promote engineers’ practice of ethical AI design to realize further social values. Here, “organic” means that the tool deals with complex relationships among (...)
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  47.  63
    Man as a Stabiliser of Systems: From Static Snapshots of Judgement Processes to Dynamic Decision Making.Berndt Brehmer - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (2 & 3):225 – 238.
    The feedback arrow extending from the response to the distal state in the lens model, together with Brunswik's dictum that the organism is a stabiliser of systems, implies a dynamic view of behaviour. This paper describes the main problems in the study of dynamic decision making: feedback delays and the feedback structure of the tasks. It also describes microworlds, a methodology for studying dynamic decision making in the laboratory. The results from experiments with microworlds show that subjects (...)
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  48.  11
    Trust but Verify: The Interactive Effects of Trust and Autonomy Preferences on Health Outcomes. [REVIEW]Yin-Yang Lee & Julia L. Lin - 2009 - Health Care Analysis 17 (3):244-260.
    Patients’ trust in their physicians improves their health outcomes because of better compliance, more disclosure, stronger placebo effect, and more physicians’ trustworthy behaviors. Patients’ autonomy may also impact on health outcomes and is increasingly being emphasized in health care. However, despite the critical role of trust and autonomy, patients that naïvely trust their physicians may become overly dependent and lack the motivation to participate in medical care. In this article, we argue that increased trust does not necessarily imply decreased autonomy. (...)
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  49.  48
    Dynamic Reasoning and Time Pressure: Transition From Analytical Operations to Experiential Responses.Peter A. F. Fraser-Mackenzie & Itiel E. Dror - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):211-225.
    Based upon the Decision Field Theory (Busemeyer and Townsend 1993), we tested a model of dynamic reasoning to predict the effect of time pressure on analytical and experiential processing during decision-making. Forty-six participants were required to make investment decisions under four levels of time pressure. In each decision, participants were presented with experiential cues which were either congruent or incongruent with the analytical information. The congruent/incongruent conditions allowed us to examine how many decisions were based upon the experiential versus (...)
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  50. Uniqueness Effects in Correlatives.Adrian Brasoveanu - manuscript
    paper, abstract, revised handout, original handoutto appear in the Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 12 (Oslo, 2007). The paper argues that the variability of the uniqueness effects exhibited by Hindi and Romanian correlatives is due to their mixed referential and quantificational nature. The account involves an articulated notion of quantification, independently motivated by donkey anaphora and quantificational subordination and consisting of both (discourse) referential components and non-referential components (dynamic operators over plural info states). The variable uniqueness effects (...)
     
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