Results for 'dysfunction'

975 found
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  1. Dysfunction in the Neural Circuitry of Emotion Regulation—A Possible Prelude to Violence.Richard J. Davidson - unknown
    Emotion is normally regulated in the human brain by a complex circuit consisting of the orbital frontal cortex, amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex, and several other interconnected regions. There are both genetic and environmental contributions to the structure and function of this circuitry. We posit that impulsive aggression and violence arise as a consequence of faulty emotion regulation. Indeed, the prefrontal cortex receives a major serotonergic projection, which is dysfunctional in individuals who show impulsive violence. Individuals vulnerable to faulty regulation of (...)
     
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  2. Evolution, Dysfunction, and Disease: A Reappraisal.Paul E. Griffiths & John Matthewson - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (2):301-327.
    Some ‘naturalist’ accounts of disease employ a biostatistical account of dysfunction, whilst others use a ‘selected effect’ account. Several recent authors have argued that the biostatistical account offers the best hope for a naturalist account of disease. We show that the selected effect account survives the criticisms levelled by these authors relatively unscathed, and has significant advantages over the BST. Moreover, unlike the BST, it has a strong theoretical rationale and can provide substantive reasons to decide difficult cases. This (...)
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  3.  2
    The Dysfunction of Ritual in Early Confucianism.Michael David Kaulana Ing - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Michael Ing's The Dysfunction of Ritual in Early Confucianism is the first monograph in English about the Liji--a text that purports to be the writings of Confucius' immediate disciples, and part of the earliest canon of Confucian texts called ''The Five Classics,'' included in the canon several centuries before the Analects. Ing uses his analysis of the Liji to show how early Confucians coped with situations where their rituals failed to achieve their intended aims. In contrast to most contemporary (...)
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  4.  42
    Disease, Dysfunction, and Synthetic Biology.Sune Holm - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (4):329-345.
    Theorists analyzing the concept of disease on the basis of the notion of dysfunction consider disease to be dysfunction requiring. More specifically, dysfunction-requiring theories of disease claim that for an individual to be diseased certain biological facts about it must be the case. Disease is not wholly a matter of evaluative attitudes. In this paper, I consider the dysfunction-requiring component of Wakefield’s hybrid account of disease in light of the artifactual organisms envisioned by current research in (...)
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  5. Defining dysfunction: Natural selection, design, and drawing a line.Peter H. Schwartz - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (3):364-385.
    Accounts of the concepts of function and dysfunction have not adequately explained what factors determine the line between low‐normal function and dysfunction. I call the challenge of doing so the line‐drawing problem. Previous approaches emphasize facts involving the action of natural selection (Wakefield 1992a, 1999a, 1999b) or the statistical distribution of levels of functioning in the current population (Boorse 1977, 1997). I point out limitations of these two approaches and present a solution to the line‐drawing problem that builds (...)
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  6.  38
    Dysfunction, Disease, and the Limits of Selection.Zachary Ardern - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (1):4-9.
    Paul Griffiths and John Matthewson argue that selected effects play the key role in determining whether a state is pathological. In response, it is argued that a selected effects account faces a number of difficulties in light of modern genomic research. Firstly, a modern history approach to selection is problematic as a basis for assigning function to human traits in light of the small population sizes in the hominin lineage, which imply that selection has played a limited role in shaping (...)
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  7.  33
    Function, dysfunction, and adaptation?Kelly Roe & Dominic Murphy - 2011 - In Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas de Block (eds.), Maladapting Minds: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory. Oxford University Press. pp. 216--237.
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  8. Moral dysfunction : theoretical model and potential neurosurgical treatments.Dirk De Ridder - 2009 - In Jan Verplaetse (ed.), The moral brain: essays on the evolutionary and neuroscientific aspects of morality. Springer.
     
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  9. Function, Dysfunction, and the Concept of Mental Disorder.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):371-375.
    Naturalistic accounts of mental disorder aim to identify an objective basis for attributions of mental disorder. This goal is important for demarcating genuine mental disorders from artificial or socially constructed disorders. The articulation of a demarcation criterion provides a means for assuring that attributions of 'mental disorder' are not merely pathologizing different forms of social deviance. The most influential naturalistic and hybrid definitions of mental disorder identify biological dysfunction as the objective basis of mental disorders: genuine mental...
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  10.  41
    Dysfunction as a value-free concept: A reply to Sadler and Agich.Jerome C. Wakefield - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (3):233-246.
  11.  3
    Dysfunctional Culture: The Inadequacy of Cultural Liberalism as a Guide to Major Challenges of the 21st Century.Sigurd Skirbekk - 2005 - Upa.
    Written for both theoretical and practical purposes, Dysfunctional Culture discusses how to understand and identify political ideologies as cultural systems. Using examples related to family morality and reproduction, this book argues that belief in individual rights as the main basis for morality is not an adequate response to the moral challenges of the future.
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  12. Executive dysfunction in autism.Elisabeth L. Hill - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):26-32.
  13. Dysfunctional universality claims? Scientific, epistemological, and political issues.Sandra Harding - 2003 - In Robert C. Scharff & Val Dusek (eds.), Philosophy of Technology: The Technological Condition: An Anthology. Blackwell. pp. 154--169.
     
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  14.  87
    Responsibility, dysfunction and capacity.Nicole A. Vincent - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (3):199-204.
    The way in which we characterize the structural and functional differences between psychopath and normal brains – either as biological disorders or as mere biological differences – can influence our judgments about psychopaths’ responsibility for criminal misconduct. However, Marga Reimer (Neuroethics 1(2):14, 2008) points out that whether our characterization of these differences should be allowed to affect our judgments in this manner “is a difficult and important question that really needs to be addressed before policies regarding responsibility... can be implemented (...)
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  15. Schizophrenia and the Dysfunctional Brain.Justin Garson - 2010 - Journal of Cognitive Science 11:215-246.
    Scientists, philosophers, and even the lay public commonly accept that schizophrenia stems from a biological or internal ‘dysfunction.’ However, this assessment is typically accompanied neither by well-defined criteria for determining that something is dysfunctional nor empirical evidence that schizophrenia satisfies those criteria. In the following, a concept of biological function is developed and applied to a neurobiological model of schizophrenia. It concludes that current evidence does not warrant the claim that schizophrenia stems from a biological dysfunction, and, in (...)
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  16.  44
    Function, Dysfunction, and Normality in Biological Sciences.Etienne Roux - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (1):17-28.
    A biological function is supposed to be performed adequately, and hence may fail to do so: this is dysfunction. This raises two questions. One is how to make explicit the way in which function can be discriminated from dysfunction without confusing dysfunction with non-function. The second question is how what is “right” and “wrong” can be legitimated by natural regulatory norms. A function can be viewed as a quality to which at least one variable with a definite (...)
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  17.  7
    Dysfunction at Diospolis: A Comparative Study of Augustine’s De Gestis Pelagii and Jerome’s Dialogus Adversus Pelagianos.Carole C. Burnett - 2003 - Augustinian Studies 34 (2):153-173.
  18.  1
    Specific Dysfunctions of the Stepfamily.Maria-Rodica Iacobescu - 2016 - Annals of Philosophy, Social and Human Disciplines 2 (1):39-51.
    Made up from parents and children from a previous union or marriage, often completed by children of the new couple, the recomposed or reconstituted family is problematic under the aspect of family-specific functions, relationships and roles. Being exposed to numerous sources of conflict, it is marked by many functional difficulties, which can lead to rupture and failure. For this unit in diversity to stand the test of time, it is necessary for all the members to engage in an active and (...)
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  19. The harmful dysfunction analysis of mental disorder.Dominic Murphy & Robert L. Woolfolk - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (4):241-252.
    This paper is a critical analysis of the concept of mental disorder recently advanced by Jerome Wakefield. Wakefield suggests that mental disorders are most aptly conceived as "harmful dysfunctions" involving two distinct and separable components: the failure of the mechanism in the person to perform a natural function for which the mechanism was designed by natural selection, and a value judgment that the dysfunction is undesirable.
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  20.  33
    Dysfunction and the Definition of Mental Disorder in the DSM.Anne-Marie Gagné-Julien - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (4):353-370.
  21.  31
    Insular Dysfunction Reflects Altered Between-Network Connectivity and Severity of Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia during Psychotic Remission.Andrei Manoliu, Valentin Riedl, Anselm Doll, Josef Georg Bäuml, Mark Mühlau, Dirk Schwerthöffer, Martin Scherr, Claus Zimmer, Hans Förstl, Josef Bäuml, Afra M. Wohlschläger, Kathrin Koch & Christian Sorg - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  22. Is Psychopathy a Harmful Dysfunction?Marko Jurjako - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (5):1-23.
    In their paper “Is psychopathy a mental disease?”, Thomas Nadelhoffer and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong argue that according to any plausible account of mental disorder, neural and psychological abnormalities correlated with psychopathy should be regarded as signs of a mental disorder. I oppose this conclusion by arguing that at least on a naturalistically grounded account, such as Wakefield’s ‘Harmful Dysfunction’ view, currently available empirical data and evolutionary considerations indicate that psychopathy is not a mental disorder.
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  23.  13
    Dysfunction of attentional networks for non-emotional processing in negative affect.Jun Moriya & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1090-1105.
  24. Dysfunctional customer behavior influences on employees’ emotional labor: The moderating roles of customer orientation and perceived organizational support.Pengfei Cheng, Jingxuan Jiang, Sanbin Xie & Zhuangzi Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Despite increasing interest being given to dysfunctional customer behavior in multiple service sectors, it is unclear how and why different types of dysfunctional customer behavior affect frontline employees’ emotional labor during the service interactions. Drawing upon the conservation of resources theory, we propose a conceptual model in which verbal abuse, disproportionate demand, and illegitimate complaint differentially influence frontline employees’ emotional labor strategies. Further, the boundary conditions of these relationships are considered by introducing perceived organizational support and customer orientation as moderators. (...)
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  25.  38
    Dysfunctional counterfactual thinking: When simulating alternatives to reality impedes experiential learning.John V. Petrocelli, Catherine E. Seta & John J. Seta - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (2):205 - 230.
    Using a multiple-trial stock market decision paradigm, the possibility that counterfactual thinking can be dysfunctional for learning and performance by distorting the processing of outcome information was examined. Correlational (Study 1) and experimental (Study 2) evidence suggested that counterfactuals are associated with a decrease in experiential learning. When counterfactuals were made salient, participants displayed significantly poorer performance compared to their counterparts for whom counterfactuals were relatively less salient. A counterfactual salience ? need for cognition (NFC) interaction qualified these findings. High (...)
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  26.  14
    Naturalism and dysfunction.Tim Thornton - 2021 - In Luc Faucher & Denis Forest (eds.), Defining Mental Disorders: Jerome Wakefield and his Critics.
    The harmful dysfunction account of disorder separates an explicitly normative or evaluative notion of harm from the idea of dysfunction which is subject to a reductionist naturalistic account. Dysfunction is analysed as a failure of function which is itself reduced via evolutionary biology. In this paper, I question this latter aspect of the account. Light can be shed on the prospect of reducing the apparently normative notion of dysfunction by comparing it with two distinct reductionist projects (...)
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  27.  46
    Delusions, Harmful Dysfunctions, and Treatable Conditions.Peter Clutton & Stephen Gadsby - 2017 - Neuroethics 11 (2):167-181.
    It has recently been suggested that delusions be conceived of as symptoms on the harmful dysfunction account of disorder: delusions sometimes arise from dysfunction, but can also arise through normal cognition. Much attention has thus been payed to the question of how we can determine whether a delusion arises from dysfunction as opposed to normal cognition. In this paper, we consider another question, one that remains under-explored: which delusions warrant treatment? On the harmful dysfunction account, this (...)
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  28.  78
    Dysfunctions, disabilities, and disordered minds.Bengt Brülde & Filip Radovic - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (2):133-141.
  29.  16
    Temporal dysfunction in traumatic brain injury patients: primary or secondary impairment?Giovanna Mioni, Simon Grondin & Franca Stablum - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  30.  18
    Dysfunctional implications of narrow window theory: Variability in the intuitive assessment of correlation.Sorel Cahan & Yaniv Mor - 2007 - Cognition 105 (1):47-64.
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  31.  16
    Beyond Dysfunction: Distress and the Distinction Between Deviance and Disorder.Rachel Bingham & Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2014 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 21 (3):267-271.
  32.  9
    Working memory dysfunction in schizophrenia.Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic, S. P. Salloway, P. F. Malloy & J. D. Duffy - 2001 - In S. Salloway, P. Malloy & J. Duffy (eds.), The Frontal Lobes and Neuropsychiatric Illness. American Psychiatric Press.
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  33.  13
    Definitions: Does Disjunction Mean Dysfunction?Justine Kingsbury & Jonathan McKeown-Green - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (10):568-585.
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  34.  4
    How Dysfunctional Must Real-World Democracies Become Before Legislating by Deliberative Poll Would Be More Democratic?William J. Talbott - 2020 - Krisis 40 (1):74-81.
    This essay is part of a dossier on Cristina Lafont's book Democracy without Shortcuts.
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  35.  6
    Anxiety: Dysfunction of transmission or modulation?Béla Bohus - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):484-484.
  36.  5
    Corticostriatal Dysfunction in Huntington’s Disease: The Basics.Kendra D. Bunner & George V. Rebec - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  37.  21
    Telomere dysfunction: a new player in radiation sensitivity.Anna Genescà, Marta Martín, Laura Latre, David Soler, Judit Pampalona & Laura Tusell - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (12):1172-1180.
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  38.  11
    Proprioceptive Dysfunction in Focal Dystonia: From Experimental Evidence to Rehabilitation Strategies.Laura Avanzino & Mirta Fiorio - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  39.  21
    Affective Dysfunction and the Cluster B Personality Disorders.Marga Reimer & Brandon Day - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):225-229.
  40.  17
    Executive dysfunction in psychosis following traumatic brain injury.Batty Rachel, Francis Andrew, Thomas Neil, Hopwood Malcolm, Ponsford Jennie & Rossell Susan - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  41.  9
    The Dysfunction of Ritual in Early Confucianism by Michael David Kaulana Ing.Paul Nicholas Vogt - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (3):812-816.
  42.  10
    Cognitive dysfunctions associated with white matter damage due to cardiovascular burden – determinants and interpretations.Paweł Krukow - 2014 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 45 (3):334-345.
    Although considerable research has been devoted to cognitive functions deteriorating due to diseases of cardiovascular system, rather less attention has been paid to their theoretical background. Progressive vascular disorders as hypertension, atherosclerosis and carotid artery stenosis generate most of all pathological changes in the white matter, that cause specific cognitive disorder: disconnection syndromes, and disturbances in the dynamic aspect of information processing. These features made neuropsychological disorders secondary to cardiovascular diseases different than the effects of cerebral cortex damage, which may (...)
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  43.  7
    Dysfunctional Activation and Brain Network Profiles in Youth with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Focus on the Dorsal Anterior Cingulate during Working Memory.Vaibhav A. Diwadkar, Ashley Burgess, Ella Hong, Carrie Rix, Paul D. Arnold, Gregory L. Hanna & David R. Rosenberg - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  44.  9
    Dysfunctional Freezing Responses to Approaching Stimuli in Persons with a Looming Cognitive Style for Physical Threats.John H. Riskind, Laura Sagliano, Luigi Trojano & Massimiliano Conson - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  45.  39
    Thalamocortical dysfunction and complex visual hallucinations in brain disease – are the primary disturbances in the cerebral cortex?Daniel Collerton & Elaine Perry - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):789-790.
    Applying Behrendt & Young's (B&Y's) model of thalamocortical synchrony to complex visual hallucinations in neurodegenerative disorders, such as dementia with Lewy bodies and progressive supranuclear palsy, leads us to propose that the primary pathology may be cortical rather than thalamic. Additionally, the extinction of active hallucinations by eye closure challenges their conception of the role of reduced sensory input.
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  46. Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction.Harvey S. Levin, Howard M. Eisenberg & Arthur L. Benton (eds.) - 1991 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The cognitive and behavioral functions of the frontal lobes have been of great interest to neuroscientists, neurologists, psychologists and psychiatrists. Recent technical advances have made it possible to trace their neuroanatomical connections more precisely and to conduct evoked potential and neuroimaging studies in patients. This book presents a broad and authoritative synthesis of research progress in this field. It encompasses neuroanatomical studies; experiments involving temporal organization and working memory tasks in non-human primates; clinical studies of patients following frontal lobe excisions (...)
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  47.  28
    Executive Dysfunction as a Barrier to Authenticity in Decision Making.Barton W. Palmer - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (1):21-24.
    Owen, Freyenhagen, and Martin present a novel discussion of the meaning of decision-making capacity. They frame their discussion in the context of deficits in executive function after traumatic brain injury, but their observations and suggestions for expansion of how DMC is appropriately assessed have potential implications for people with other disorders that can potentially affect executive functioning, including those with certain forms of neurodegenerative conditions and some of those with serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder....
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  48.  26
    Dysfunction of the dopaminergic modulation of GABAergic circuitry in the prefrontal cortex must be involved in psychoses and movement disorders.Toshiyuki Sawaguchi - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):170-172.
  49.  8
    Dysfunction of the Mesolimbic Circuit to Food Odors in Women With Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: A fMRI Study.Tao Jiang, Robert Soussignan, Edouard Carrier & Jean-Pierre Royet - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  50. Chapter 12. Harmless Dysfunctions and the Problem of Normal Variation.Andreas De Block & Jonathan Scholl - 2021 - In Luc Faucher & Denis Forest (eds.), Defining Mental Disorders: Jerome Wakefield and his Critics. MIT Press.
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