Results for 'e-Discovery'

999 found
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  1.  50
    Evaluation of Information Retrieval for E-Discovery.Douglas W. Oard, Jason R. Baron, Bruce Hedin, David D. Lewis & Stephen Tomlinson - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):347-386.
    The effectiveness of information retrieval technology in electronic discovery (E-discovery) has become the subject of judicial rulings and practitioner controversy. The scale and nature of E-discovery tasks, however, has pushed traditional information retrieval evaluation approaches to their limits. This paper reviews the legal and operational context of E-discovery and the approaches to evaluating search technology that have evolved in the research community. It then describes a multi-year effort carried out as part of the Text Retrieval Conference to (...)
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  2.  79
    Discovery-Led Refinement in E-Discovery Investigations: Sensemaking, Cognitive Ergonomics and System Design. [REVIEW]Simon Attfield & Ann Blandford - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):387-412.
    Given the very large numbers of documents involved in e-discovery investigations, lawyers face a considerable challenge of collaborative sensemaking. We report findings from three workplace studies which looked at different aspects of how this challenge was met. From a sociotechnical perspective, the studies aimed to understand how investigators collectively and individually worked with information to support sensemaking and decision making. Here, we focus on discovery-led refinement; specifically, how engaging with the materials of the investigations led to discoveries that supported (...)
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  3.  36
    Network-Based Filtering for Large Email Collections in E-Discovery.Hans Henseler - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):413-430.
    The information overload in E-Discovery proceedings makes reviewing expensive and it increases the risk of failure to produce results on time and consistently. New interactive techniques have been introduced to increase reviewer productivity. In contrast, the techniques presented in this article propose an alternative method that tries to reduce information during culling so that less information needs to be reviewed. The proposed method first focuses on mapping the email collection universe using straightforward statistical methods based on keyword filtering combined (...)
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  4.  26
    E-Discovery Revisited: The Need for Artificial Intelligence Beyond Information Retrieval. [REVIEW]Jack G. Conrad - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):321-345.
    In this work, we provide a broad overview of the distinct stages of E-Discovery. We portray them as an interconnected, often complex workflow process, while relating them to the general Electronic Discovery Reference Model (EDRM). We start with the definition of E-Discovery. We then describe the very positive role that NIST’s Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) has added to the science of E-Discovery, in terms of the tasks involved and the evaluation of the legal discovery work performed. Given (...)
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  5.  20
    Automation of Legal Sensemaking in E-Discovery.Christopher Hogan, Robert S. Bauer & Dan Brassil - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):431-457.
    Retrieval of relevant unstructured information from the ever-increasing textual communications of individuals and businesses has become a major barrier to effective litigation/defense, mergers/acquisitions, and regulatory compliance. Such e-discovery requires simultaneously high precision with high recall (high-P/R) and is therefore a prototype for many legal reasoning tasks. The requisite exhaustive information retrieval (IR) system must employ very different techniques than those applicable in the hyper-precise, consumer search task where insignificant recall is the accepted norm. We apply Russell, et al.’s cognitive (...)
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  6.  9
    Afterword: Data, Knowledge, and E-Discovery[REVIEW]David D. Lewis - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):481-486.
    Research in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Law has maintained an emphasis on knowledge representation and formal reasoning during a period when statistical, data-driven approaches have ascended to dominance within AI as a whole. Electronic discovery is a legal application area, with substantial commercial and research interest, where there are compelling arguments in favor of both empirical and knowledge-based approaches. We discuss the cases for both perspectives, as well as the opportunities for beneficial synergies.
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  7.  46
    Emerging AI & Law Approaches to Automating Analysis and Retrieval of Electronically Stored Information in Discovery Proceedings.Kevin D. Ashley & Will Bridewell - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):311-320.
    This article provides an overview of, and thematic justification for, the special issue of the journal of Artificial Intelligence and Law entitled “E-Discovery”. In attempting to define a characteristic “AI & Law” approach to e-discovery, and since a central theme of AI & Law involves computationally modeling legal knowledge, reasoning and decision making, we focus on the theme of representing and reasoning with litigators’ theories or hypotheses about document relevance through a variety of techniques including machine learning. We (...)
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  8.  11
    The Scientific Revolution: Five Books About ItSteven Weinberg. To Explain the World: The Discovery of Modern Science. Xiv + 417 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. New York: HarperCollins, 2015. $28.99 .David Knight. Voyaging in Strange Seas: The Great Revolution in Science. Viii + 329 Pp., Figs., Index. New Haven, Conn./London: Yale University Press, 2014. $35 .William E. Burns. The Scientific Revolution in Global Perspective. Xv + 198 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. £16.99 .David Wootton. The Invention of Science: A New History of the Scientific Revolution. Xiv + 769 Pp., Illus., Figs., Bibl., Index. London: Penguin Books, Allen Lane, 2015. £20.40 .H. Floris Cohen. The Rise of Modern Science Explained: A Comparative History. Vi + 296 Pp., Figs., Tables, Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. $89.99. [REVIEW]John Henry - 2016 - Isis 107 (4):809-817.
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  9. The Discovery of E.W. Beth’s Semantics for Intuitionistic Logic.A. S. Troelstra & P. van Ulsen - 1999 - In J. Gerbrandy, M. Marx, M. de Rijke & Y. Venema (eds.), Jfak. Essays Dedicated to Johan van Benthem on the Occasion of His 50th Birthday. Vossiuspers, Amsterdam University Press.
     
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  10.  13
    Social Control and Multiple Discovery in Science: The Opiate Receptor Case by Susan E. Cozzens. [REVIEW]Bruno Latour - 1993 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 84:194-195.
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  11. LAKATOS, I. "Proofs and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery". Edited by J. Worrall and E. Zahar. [REVIEW]W. D. Hart - 1978 - Mind 87:314.
     
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  12. History Discovery and Induction: Whewell on Kepler on the Orbit of Mars in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science (Presented to Robert E. Butts on His 60th Birthday). [REVIEW]A. Lugg - 1989 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:283-298.
  13.  31
    How Can We Use the Distinction Between Discovery and Justification? On the Weaknesses of the Strong Programme in the Sociology of Science.Thomas Sturm & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2006 - In Jutta Schickore & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Revisiting Discovery and Justification. Springer. pp. 133--158.
    We attack the SSK's rejection of the distinction between discovery and justification (the DJ distinction), famously introduced by Hans Reichenbach and here defended in a "lean" version. Some critics claim that the DJ distinction cannot be drawn precisely, or that it cannot be drawn prior to the actual analysis of scientific knowledge. Others, instead of trying to blur or to reject the distinction, claim that we need an even more fine-grained distinction (e.g. between discovery, invention, prior assessment, test and justification). (...)
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  14.  22
    Causal Discovery and the Problem of Ignorance. An Adaptive Logic Approach.Bert Leuridan - 2009 - Journal of Applied Logic 7 (2):188-205.
    In this paper, I want to substantiate three related claims regarding causal discovery from non-experimental data. Firstly, in scientific practice, the problem of ignorance is ubiquitous, persistent, and far-reaching. Intuitively, the problem of ignorance bears upon the following situation. A set of random variables V is studied but only partly tested for (conditional) independencies; i.e. for some variables A and B it is not known whether they are (conditionally) independent. Secondly, Judea Pearl’s most meritorious and influential algorithm for causal discovery (...)
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  15. La scoperta scientifica: la ricerca di un metodo e il suo smarrimento.Emiliano Ippoliti - 2019 - In Stefano Velotti & Luigi Conti (eds.), Strumenti del Pensiero. Vol. 2. Rome: Laterza. pp. 935-964.
    (ENG) The paper examines the first attempts put forward in ancient Greek to build a method for scientific discovery and how they have been progressively neglected. -/- (ITA) L'articolo esamina i primi tentativi effettuati nell'antica grecia di costruire un metodo della scoperta scientifica, e analizza le ragioni che hanno portato al suo progessivo abbandono.
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  16.  42
    The History of the Discovery of Nuclear Fission.Jack E. Fergusson - 2011 - Foundations of Chemistry 13 (2):145-166.
    Following with the discovery of the electron by J. J. Thomson at the end of the nineteenth century a steady elucidation of the structure of the atom occurred over the next 40 years culminating in the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938–1939. The significant steps after the electron discovery were: discovery of the nuclear atom by Rutherford (Philos Mag 6th Ser 21:669–688, 1911 ), the transformation of elements by Rutherford (Philos Mag 37:578–587, 1919 ), discovery of artificial radioactivity by Joliot-Curie (...)
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  17.  5
    Pattern Recognition: Theory, Experiment, Computer Simulations, and Dynamic Models of Form Perception and Discovery. [REVIEW]A. R. E. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):743-743.
    The papers included are divided into five sections: Psychology and Philosophy of Perception and Discovery, Integrations of Experimental Findings, Theoretical Developments, Experimental Results from Neurophysiology and Psychology Pertinent to Model Building, and Computer Simulations of Complex Models. The last of these sections will probably prove most interesting to the contemporary philosopher of mind. Peirce, Cassirer, and Wittgenstein are the philosophers who make the scene in the first section; inclusion of material from the last of these is no mean editorial feat. (...)
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  18. Generalization and Discovery by Assuming Conserved Mechanisms: Cross‐Species Research on Circadian Oscillators.William Bechtel - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):762-773.
    In many domains of biology, explanation takes the form of characterizing the mechanism responsible for a particular phenomenon in a specific biological system. How are such explanations generalized? One important strategy assumes conservation of mechanisms through evolutionary descent. But conservation is seldom complete. In the case discussed, the central mechanism for circadian rhythms in animals was first identified in Drosophila and then extended to mammals. Scientists' working assumption that the clock mechanisms would be conserved both yielded important generalizations and served (...)
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  19. Scientific Reasoning Is Material Inference: Combining Confirmation, Discovery, and Explanation.Ingo Brigandt - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):31-43.
    Whereas an inference (deductive as well as inductive) is usually viewed as being valid in virtue of its argument form, the present paper argues that scientific reasoning is material inference, i.e., justified in virtue of its content. A material inference is licensed by the empirical content embodied in the concepts contained in the premises and conclusion. Understanding scientific reasoning as material inference has the advantage of combining different aspects of scientific reasoning, such as confirmation, discovery, and explanation. This approach explains (...)
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  20.  75
    How Values in Scientific Discovery and Pursuit Alter Theory Appraisal.Kevin Elliott & Daniel McKaughan - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):598-611.
    Philosophers of science readily acknowledge that nonepistemic values influence the discovery and pursuit of scientific theories, but many tend to regard these influences as epistemically uninteresting. The present paper challenges this position by identifying three avenues through which nonepistemic values associated with discovery and pursuit in contemporary pollution research influence theory appraisal: (1) by guiding the choice of questions and research projects, (2) by altering experimental design, and (3) by affecting the creation and further investigation of theories or hypotheses. This (...)
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  21. Myth and Mind: The Origin of Consciousness in the Discovery of the Sacred.Gregory M. Nixon - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 1 (3):289-338.
    By accepting that the formal structure of human language is the key to understanding the uniquity of human culture and consciousness and by further accepting the late appearance of such language amongst the Cro-Magnon, I am free to focus on the causes that led to such an unprecedented threshold crossing. In the complex of causes that led to human being, I look to scholarship in linguistics, mythology, anthropology, paleontology, and to creation myths themselves for an answer. I conclude that prehumans (...)
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  22.  32
    Error as Means to Discovery.Kevin Elliott - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):174-197.
    This paper argues, first, that recent studies of experimentation, most notably by Deborah Mayo, provide the conceptual resources to describe scientific discovery's early stages as error-probing processes. Second, it shows that this description yields greater understanding of those early stages, including the challenges that they pose, the research strategies associated with them, and their influence on the rest of the discovery process. Throughout, the paper examines the phenomenon of "chemical hormesis" (i.e., anomalous low-dose effects from toxic chemicals) as a case (...)
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  23. Discovery and Confirmation in Evolutionary Psychology.Edouard Machery - unknown - In Jesse J. Prinz (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology. Oxford University Press.
    The defining insight of evolutionary psychology consists of bringing considerations drawn from evolutionary biology to bear on the study of human psychology. So characterized, evolutionary psychology encompasses a large range of views about the nature and evolution of human psychology as well as diverging opinions about the proper method for studying them.1 In this article, I propose to clarify and evaluate various aspects of evolutionary psychologists’ methodology, with a special focus on their heuristics of discovery—i.e., their methods for developing plausible (...)
     
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  24.  44
    Discovery as Correction.James Blachowicz - 1987 - Synthese 71 (3):235 - 321.
    In recent years, there have been some attempts to defend the legitimacy of a non-inductive generative logic of discovery whose strategy is to analyze a variety of constraints on the actual generation of explanatory hypotheses. These proposed new theories, however, are only weakly generative (relying on sophisticated processes of elimination) rather than strongly generative (embodying processes of correction).This paper develops a strongly generative theory which holds that we can come to know something new only as a variant of what we (...)
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  25.  59
    Horizon for Scientific Practice: Scientific Discovery and Progress.James A. Marcum - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):187-215.
    In this article, I introduce the notion of horizon for scientific practice (HSP), representing limits or boundaries within which scientists ply their trade, to facilitate analysis of scientific discovery and progress. The notion includes not only constraints that delimit scientific practice, e.g. of bringing experimentation to a temporary conclusion, but also possibilities that open up scientific practice to additional scientific discovery and to further scientific progress. Importantly, it represents scientific practice as a dynamic and developmental integration of activities to investigate (...)
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  26.  17
    Reception and Discovery: The Nature of Johann Wilhelm Ritter’s Invisible Rays.Jan Frercks, Heiko Weber & Gerhard Wiesenfeldt - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):143-156.
    Ultraviolet radiation is generally considered to have been discovered by Johann Wilhelm Ritter in 1801. In this article, we study the reception of Ritter’s experiment during the first decade after the event—Ritter’s remaining lifetime. Drawing on the attributional model of discovery, we are interested in whether the German physicists and chemists granted Ritter’s observation the status of a discovery and, if so, of what. Two things are remarkable concerning the early reception, and both have to do more with neglect than (...)
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  27.  52
    Agostinho e a “descoberta” da vontade: primeiro estudo.Roberto Hofmeister Pich - 2005 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 50 (3):139-157.
    Este é um estudo sobre o conceito de vontade na história da filosofia. O centro de interesse está na obra De libero arbitrio, de Agostinho. Tanto se procura descrever a suposta “descoberta” da vontade por Agostinho quanto analisar a coerência do conceito obtido. Trata-se do primeiro de dois estudos sobre a vontade e a liberdade em De libero arbitrio I. PALAVRAS-CHAVE – Vontade. Liberum arbitrium. Liberdade. Razão. Desejo. Ação. Psicologia da ação moral. Assentimento. Juízo. Erro. Teodicéia. ABSTRACT – This is (...)
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  28.  46
    Einstein's Discovery of Special Relativity.Gary Gutting - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (1):51-68.
    This paper discusses the controversy between philosophers of science (e.g. Grünbaum) and historians of science (e.g. Holton) regarding Einstein's discovery of STR. Although Holton is surely correct on the historical point that experimental results (especially the Michelson-Morley experiment) had little influence on Einstein's development of STR, this fact is not sufficient to establish his (and Polanyi's) claim that major scientific discoveries are primarily matters of private, nonspecifiable insights into physical reality. It is possible that Einstein's work was based primarily on (...)
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  29. Filosofia Analitica e Filosofia Continentale.Sergio Cremaschi, Karl-Otto Apel, Jürgen Habermas, Michael Strauss, Ernst Tugendhat, Zvie Bar-On, Roberta De-Monticelli, Kuno Lorenz, Albrecht Wellmer & Rüdiger Bubner - 1997 - 50018 Scandicci, Metropolitan City of Florence, Italy: La Nuova Italia.
    ● Sergio Cremaschi, The non-existing Island. I discuss the way in which the cleavage between the Continental and the Anglo-American philosophies originated, the (self-)images of both philosophical worlds, the converging rediscoveries from the Seventies, as well as recent ecumenic or anti-ecumenic strategies. I argue that pragmatism provides an important counter-instance to both the familiar self-images and to the fashionable ecumenic or anti-ecumenic strategies. My conclusions are: (i) the only place where Continental philosophy exists (as Euro-Communism one decade ago) is America; (...)
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  30.  34
    Progresso Científico E Verdade Em Popper.Elizabeth de Assis Dias - 2015 - Trans/Form/Ação 38 (2):163-173.
    O presente trabalho pretende mostrar que, para solucionar a questão da possibilidade do progresso científico, Popper precisou introduzir a ideia de verdade no âmbito de sua teoria da ciência. Essa concepção de progresso, em termos da noção de verdade, só será delineada na obra Conjectura e refutações, pois a ideia de que o alvo da ciência é a verdade ainda não aparece teorizada em suas primeiras obras. Quando Popper escreveu sua A lógica da pesquisa científica, a ciência era definida em (...)
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  31.  20
    Montaigne, a descoberta do Novo Mundo e o ceticismo moderno.Danilo Marcondes - 2012 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 53 (126):421-433.
    O descobrimento do Novo Mundo é um dos fatores fundamentais de ruptura com a tradição, na inauguração do pensamento moderno. A descoberta de povos no novo continente com culturas radicalmente diferentes da europeia leva a um questionamento cético sobre a universalidade da natureza humana, o que denominamos "argumento antropológico". Montaigne é o mais importante pensador deste contexto a discutir esta questão nos Ensaios. Examinamos aqui alguns dos aspectos centrais de sua reflexão a este respeito. The Discovery of the New World (...)
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  32.  18
    Anselm's Discovery. [REVIEW]W. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):152-152.
    The title refers to Anselm's insight into the modal uniqueness of the divine existence and the proof based upon it in Proslogium III. Hartshorne continues his vigorous defense of "the Proof," his polemic against its critics, most of whom confuse it with the weaker one in Proslogium II, and his attempt to show that Anselm's discovery is ultimately viable only in the context of neo-classical theism. In the second half of the book a variety of responses to the proof, from (...)
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  33.  34
    By Dennis E. Hesseling.Jeremy Avigad - unknown
    The early twentieth century was a lively time for the foundations of mathematics. This ensuing debates were, in large part, a reaction to the settheoretic and nonconstructive methods that had begun making their way into mathematical practice around the turn of the twentieth century. The controversy was exacerbated by the discovery that overly na¨ıve formulations of the fundamental principles governing the use of sets could result in contradictions. Many of the leading mathematicians of the day, including Hilbert, Henri Poincar´e, ´.
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  34.  37
    Joseph E. Early, Sr. : Chemical Explanation: Characteristics, Development, Autonomy. [REVIEW]Clark Glymour - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (3):415-418.
    Magnani, Lorenzo (2001), Abduction, Reason, and Science: Processes of Discovery and Explanation. New York: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers. Magnani. Lorenzo, and Nancy Nersessian (eds.) (2002), Model-Based Reasoning: Technology, Science, Values. New York: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers. Joseph E. Earley, Sr. (ed.), Chemical Explanation: Characteristics, Development, Autonomy, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 988. New York Academy of Sciences (2003), 370 pp., $130.00 (cloth).
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  35.  15
    Jevons e o Papel da Analogia na Arte da Descoberta Experimental: o Caso da Descoberta dos Raios x e sua Investigação Pré-Teórica.Roberto de Andrade Martins - 1998 - Episteme 6:222-249.
    This paper discusses the role of analogy in pre-theoretical experimental research, studying a particular historical case (the discovery and early investigation of X rays) and using the methodological ideas of William Stanley Jevons. The historical data and Jevons’ analysis suggest that the discovery of a completely new phenomenon is due to chance, but soon afterwards it is necessary that some assumptions provide a guidance to the research – otherwise, observations and experiments would occur at random, and that would sendom lead (...)
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  36.  17
    As andanças dos jesuítas pelas Minas Gerais: uma análise da presença e atuação da Companhia de Jesus até sua expulsão (1759).Leandro Pena Catão - 2007 - Horizonte 6 (11):127-150.
    Resumo Este artigo analisa a presença e atuação dos padres da Companhia de Jesus nas Minas Gerais. Apesar das proibições régias no que se referia à presença de regulares nas Minas, isso não significou que esses padres, entre os quais vários jesuítas, marcassem presença naquele território. Os primeiros jesuítas a pisar no espaço que viria a constituir as Minas do Ouro aqui estiveram ainda no século XVI, e as expedições com a finalidade de catequese e aldeamento de gentios se mantiveram (...)
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  37.  13
    Discovery as the Context of Any Scientific Justification.C. A. Peursen - 1989 - Man and World 22 (4):471-484.
    The analysis of philosophically important themes can depart from two different angles. The first one investigates the various answers that have been given to a certain issue, like that of the problem of knowledge, the justification of theories, the notion of culture, etcetera. These answers are often mutually contradictory which, by the way, facilitates their overview (like the schemes of rationalism-empiricism, justification-discovery, universalism-relativism). A second approach starts from the problems (or: “problematique”) behind the divergent answers (e.g., foundationalism behind both, empiricism (...)
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  38. On Peirce's Methodology of Logic and Philosophy: Sobre a Metodologia da Lógica E a Filosofia de Peirce.Leila Haaparanta - 2002 - Cognitio 3.
    : In his paper "Explanation of Curiosity the First" Charles Peirce describes Euclid's procedure in proving theorems. Euclid first presents his theorem in general terms and then translates it into singular terms. Peirce pays attention to the fact that the generality of the statement is not lost by that move. The next step is construction, which is followed by demonstration. Finally the ergo-sentence repeats the original general proposition. Peirce lays much emphasis on the distinction between corollarial and theorematic reasoning in (...)
     
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  39. Buddhismus Und Quantenphysik: Die Wirklichkeitsbegriffe Nāgārjunas Und der Quantenphsyik [I.E. Quantenphysik].Christian Thomas Kohl - 2005 - Windpferd.
    1.Summary The key terms. 1. Key term: ‘Sunyata’. Nagarjuna is known in the history of Buddhism mainly by his keyword ‘sunyata’. This word is translated into English by the word ‘emptiness’. The translation and the traditional interpretations create the impression that Nagarjuna declares the objects as empty or illusionary or not real or not existing. What is the assertion and concrete statement made by this interpretation? That nothing can be found, that there is nothing, that nothing exists? Was Nagarjuna denying (...)
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  40.  21
    Ludwig Wittgenstein e i fondamenti della matematica. Quattro studi: Cantor, Dedekind, il Logicismo, la scoperta in matematica.Emanuele Rainone - 2013 - Nóema 4 (2).
    La critica che Ludwig Wittgenstein muove ai presupposti filosofici del dibattito sui fondamenti della matematica si estende oltre le tematiche specifiche di tale dibattito ed investe un’intera tradizione di pensiero. Dietro alle argomentazioni di Frege e Russell, alle dimostrazioni di Cantor e di Dedekind, al programma di Hilbert e al teorema di Gödel, c’è uno sfondo filosofico che le acute osservazioni del filosofo ci permette di smascherare. Questa ricerca, articolata in quattro studi, intende presentare alcuni momenti fondamentali del dibattito sui (...)
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  41. La Scoperta Scientifica: Rinascita e Raffinamento dei Metodi.Emiliano Ippoliti - 2019 - In Stefano Velotti & Luigi Conti (eds.), Gli strumenti del Pensier. Rome: Laterza. pp. 935-964.
    (ENG) The paper examines the main approaches developed in the XIX and XX century to account for the way scientific discover unfolds. -/- (ITA) L'articolo esamina le principali teorie filosofico-scientifiche elaborate nell'800 e nle '900 per render conto dei processi di scoperta scientifica.
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  42.  11
    The Reception of Eduard Buchner's Discovery of Cell-Free Fermentation.Robert E. Kohler - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (2):327-353.
    What general conclusions can be drawn about the reception of zymase, its relation to the larger shift from a protoplasm to an enzyme theory of life, and its status as a social phenomenon?The most striking and to me unexpected pattern is the close correlation between attitude toward zymase and professional background. The disbelief of the fermentation technologists, Will, Delbrück, Wehmer, and even Stavenhagen, was as sharp and unanimous as the enthusiasm of the immunologists and enzymologists, Duclaux, Roux, Fernback, and Bertrand, (...)
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  43.  22
    The Tension Between Direct Experience and Argument in Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (4):487-497.
    There is an undercurrent to be detected in Anselm's record of the meditative experience that issued in the Ontological Argument and, although it points to a profound and perennial problem in the interpretation of religion, this undercurrent has been largely ignored. The Argument, as is well known, moves entirely within the medium of reflective meaning focused on the idea of God and, unlike the cosmological arguments of later theologians, it makes no appeal whatever to a principle of causality or to (...)
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  44.  67
    Discovery of Empirical Theories Based on the Measurement Theory.E. E. Vityaev & B. Y. Kovalerchuk - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (4):551-573.
    The purpose of this work is to analyse the cognitive process of the domain theories in terms of the measurement theory to develop a computational machine learning approach for implementing it. As a result, the relational data mining approach, the authors proposed in the preceding books, was improved. We present the approach as an implementation of the cognitive process as the measurement theory perceived. We analyse the cognitive process in the first part of the paper and present the theory and (...)
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  45.  20
    Paradox and Discovery. [REVIEW]E. J. A. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):819-820.
    A group of thirteen essays, most of them being either meta-philosophical or metaphysical. The latter group can be seen as applying the theme Wisdom plays so often in the former group and in his previous works: the comparison of one type of statement with another, leading to discoveries which resolve philosophical paradoxes but which can, if misused, engender new ones. Of special interest: "Religious Belief" and "The Metamorphosis of Metaphysics." The price of this volume is unfortunate, as is the printing (...)
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  46.  12
    Technology: Liberation or Enslavement?: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 38:7-18.
    The week, twenty-five years ago, of the Apollo spacecraft's return visit to the moon was described by Richard Nixon as the greatest since the Creation. Across the Atlantic, a French Academician judged the same event to matter less than the discovery of a lost etching by Daumier. Attitudes to technological achievement, then, differ. And they always have. Chuang-Tzu, over 2,000 years ago, relates an exchange between a Confucian passer-by and a Taoist gardener watering vegetables with a bucket drawn from a (...)
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  47. The Discovery of Discovery by Charles Tenney.Harold M. Kaplan, Ralph E. McCoy & Louis E. Hahn - 1990 - Upa.
    This anthology on creativity represents a lifetime of reading and study by the late Charles Dewey Tenney, a philosopher who had been a student of Alfred North Whitehead at Harvard. In a series of fourteen essays Tenney considers the various factors that can be identified in creativity, followed by the recorded testimony of philosophers, artists, historians, explorers, scientists and others, both theorists and practitioners. The contributors extend in time from Aristotle and Sophocles to Buckminster Fuller and May Sarton. They include (...)
     
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  48. Induction: Processes of Inference, Learning, and Discovery.John H. Holland, Keith J. Holyoak, Richard E. Nisbett & Paul R. Thagard - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (2):269-272.
     
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  49.  3
    A Theory of the Discovery and Predication of Relational Concepts.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):1-43.
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  50. Induction: Processes of Inference, Learning, and Discovery.John H. Holland, Keith J. Holyoak, Richard E. Nisbett & Paul R. Thagard - 1988 - Behaviorism 16 (2):181-184.
     
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