Results for 'ecological perception'

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  1. Two Visual Systems and Two Theories of Perception: An Attempt to Reconcile the Constructivist and Ecological Approaches.Joel Norman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):73-96.
    The two contrasting theoretical approaches to visual perception, the constructivist and the ecological, are briefly presented and illustrated through their analyses of space and size perception. Earlier calls for their reconciliation and unification are reviewed. Neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and psychophysical evidence for the existence of two quite distinct visual systems, the ventral and the dorsal, is presented. These two perceptual systems differ in their functions; the ventral system's central function is that of identification, while the dorsal system is (...)
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  2. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.James J. Gibson - 1979 - Houghton Mifflin.
    This is a book about how we see: the environment around us (its surfaces, their layout, and their colors and textures); where we are in the environment; whether or not we are moving and, if we are, where we are going; what things are good for; how to do things (to thread a needle or drive an automobile); or why things look as they do.The basic assumption is that vision depends on the eye which is connected to the brain. The (...)
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    Ecological Perception Affords an Explanation of Object Permanence.Garry Young - 2005 - Philosophical Explorations 8 (2):189-208.
    In this paper I aim to present an explanation of object permanence that is derived from an ecological account of perceptually based action. In understanding why children below a certain age do not search for occluded objects, one must first understand the process by which these children perform certain intentional actions on non-occluded items; and to do this one must understand the role affordances play in eliciting retrieval behaviour. My affordance-based explanation is contrasted with Shinskey and Munakata's graded representation (...)
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    Absolutist Array Specification and Species Survival: An Ecological Perspective on Ecological Perception.Patrick A. Cabe - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):217-217.
    Stoffregen & Bardy propose an absolutist transmodal array structure model, intended to displace models of specification in all existing perceptual theories. Absolute specification of world structure in array structures, either unimodal or transmodal, may not be provable, but might be falsifiable. Absolute specification, moreover, may not be a necessary postulate in an ecological approach to understanding perception-action.
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  5. Affordances and the Body: An Intentional Analysis of Gibson's Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.Harry Heft - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (1):1–30.
    In his ecological approach to perception, james gibson introduced the concept of affordance to refer to the perceived meaning of environmental objects and events. this paper examines the relational and causal character of affordances, as well as the grounds for extending affordances beyond environmental features with transcultural meaning to include those features with culturally-specific meaning. such an extension is seen as warranted once affordances are grounded in an intentional analysis of perception. toward this end, aspects of merleau-ponty's (...)
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  6. A Biosemiotic and Ecological Approach to Music Cognition: Event Perception Between Auditory Listening and Cognitive Economy. [REVIEW]Mark Reybrouck - 2005 - Axiomathes. An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems. 15 (2):229-266.
    This paper addresses the question whether we can conceive of music cognition in ecosemiotic terms. It claims that music knowledge must be generated as a tool for adaptation to the sonic world and calls forth a shift from a structural description of music as an artifact to a process-like approach to dealing with music. As listeners, we are observers who construct and organize our knowledge and bring with us our observational tools. What matters is not merely the sonic world in (...)
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  7. Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Nonconceptual Point of View. Berm - 1998 - In The Body and the Self. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  8.  74
    A Biosemiotic and Ecological Approach to Music Cognition: Event Perception Between Auditory Listening and Cognitive Economy.Mark Reybrouck - 2004 - Axiomathes 15 (2):229-266.
    This paper addresses the question whether we can conceive of music cognition in ecosemiotic terms. It claims that music knowledge must be generated as a tool for adaptation to the sonic world and calls forth a shift from a structural description of music as an artifact to a process-like approach to dealing with music. As listeners, we are observers who construct and organize our knowledge and bring with us our observational tools. What matters is not merely the sonic world in (...)
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  9.  2
    Bayesian Perception Is Ecological Perception.Nico Orlandi - 2016 - Philosophical Topics 44 (2):327-351.
    There is a certain excitement in vision science concerning the idea of applying the tools of bayesian decision theory to explain our perceptual capacities. Bayesian models are thought to be needed to explain how the inverse problem of perception is solved, and to rescue a certain constructivist and Kantian way of understanding the perceptual process. Anticlimactically, I argue both that bayesian outlooks do not constitute good solutions to the inverse problem, and that they are not constructivist in nature. In (...)
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  10. Ecological Perception, Environmental Policy and Distributional Conflicts: Some Lessons From History.Joan Martinez-Alier - 1991 - In Robert Costanza (ed.), Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press. pp. 118--136.
     
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  11.  7
    Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Non-Conceptual Point of View.José Luis Bermúdez, Naomi Eilan & Anthony Marcel - 1995 - In Jose Luis Bermudez, Anthony J. Marcel & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self. MIT Press.
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  12.  17
    The Ecological Perception Debate: An Affordance of the Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.G. P. Ginsburg - 1990 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (4):347–364.
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    Ecological and Social Approaches to Face Perception.Leslie A. Zebrowitz - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 31.
    This article provides an ecological theory of face perception that elucidates the basis of the various perceptions. It then reviews research on first impressions elicited by facial qualities that are associated with fitness, emotion, race, age, and sex, in each case making links to ecological theory. It aims to identify facial qualities that inform social perceptions and reflect the zeitgeist at the time in social psychology. The emphasis is on understanding the cognitive mechanisms engaged in social (...), and this is typically accomplished by providing information about social qualities in lists of trait words. The article demonstrates face perception research pertinent to the detection of socially relevant qualities in faces—attractiveness, emotions, race, age, and sex—as well as associated behavioral affordances, which have typically been assessed by trait ratings. (shrink)
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    Complexity, Hypersets, and the Ecological Perspective on Perception-Action.Anthony Chemero & M. T. Turvey - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):23-36.
    The ecological approach to perception-action is unlike the standard approach in several respects. It takes the animal-in-its-environment as the proper scale for the theory and analysis of perception-action, it eschews symbol based accounts of perception-action, it promotes self-organization as the theory-constitutive metaphor for perception-action, and it employs self-referring, non-predicative definitions in explaining perception-action. The present article details the complexity issues confronted by the ecological approach in terms suggested by Rosen and introduces non-well-founded set (...)
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    Perception, Learning, and Judgment in Ecological Psychology: Who Needs a Constructivist Ventral System?Clinton Cooper & Claire F. Michaels - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):101-102.
    Norman's identification of a ventral system embodying a constructivist theory of perception is rejected in favor of an ecological theory of perception and perceptual learning. We summarize research showing that a key motivation for the ventral-constructivist connection, percept-percept coupling, confuses perceptual and post-perceptual processes.
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    Constructivist and Ecological Approaches in Tactual Perception.Edouard Gentaz, Yvette Hatwell & Arlette Streri - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):106-106.
    Constructivist and ecological approaches are also observed in tactile perception studies. The question is whether identification and localization are dissociated in the tactile modality as well, and whether Norman's conception may be generalized to the field of touch. An analogue to blindsight was evidenced in passive touch, but no such dissociation was observed in active touch. A study is in progress in this domain.
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  17. How Direct is Visual Perception? Some Reflections on Gibson's 'Ecological Approach'.Jerry A. Fodor & Zenon W. Pylyshyn - 1981 - Cognition 9 (2):139-96.
    Examines the theses that the postulation of mental processing is unnecessary to account for our perceptual relationship with the world, see turvey etal. for a criticque.
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  18.  40
    The Role of Surfaces in an Ecological Theory of Perception.Avrum Stroll - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (March):437-453.
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    Ecological and Phenomenological Contributions to the Psychology of Perception.Philip A. Glotzbach & Harry Heff - 1982 - Noûs 16 (March):108-121.
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    How Direct is Visual Perception?: Some Reflections on Gibson's “Ecological Approach”.J. A. Fodor & Z. W. Pylyshyn - 1981 - Cognition 9 (2):139-196.
    Establishment holds that thc psychological mechanism of inference is the ment psychological thcorizing. Moreover, given this conciliatory reading, transformation of mental representations, it follows that perception is in.
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  21. A Theory of Direct Visual Perception, and From The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.James J. Gibson - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 158.
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    Multisensory Integration, Perception and Ecological Validity.Beatrice De Gelder & Paul Bertelson - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):460-467.
  23. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.James J. Gibson - 1980 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 39 (2):203-206.
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  24. Why Do Things Look as They Do? The Implications of JJ Gibson's The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception.Edward S. Reed - 1987 - In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press. pp. 90--114.
     
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  25.  1
    Toward an Ecological Theory of Social Perception.Leslie Z. McArthur & Reuben M. Baron - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (3):215-238.
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    J.J. Gibson and the Ecological Approach to Perception.Aaron Ben-Zeev - 1981 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):107-139.
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    The Ecological Perspective Applied to Social Perception: Revision of a Working Paper.Philip L. Knowles & David Lawson Smith - 1982 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 12 (1):53–78.
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  28.  53
    The Structures of Perception: An Ecological Perspective.Michael Braund - 2008 - Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):123-144.
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  29. Perception and Language: Towards a Complete Ecological Psychology.William Noble - 1987 - In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press. pp. 128--141.
     
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  30.  9
    The Ecological Approach to Perception.Claudia Carello & M. T. Turvey - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
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    From Direct Perception to the Primacy of Action: A Closer Look at James Gibson's Ecological Approach to Psychology.Alan Costall - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell. pp. 70--89.
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  32.  4
    Perception: The Ecological Approach.M. T. Turvey - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
  33.  13
    The Ecological Approach to Social Perception: A Conceptual Critique.Bernd H. Schmitt - 1987 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 17 (3):265–278.
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    The Significance of the Active Pick-Up of Information in Ecological Theories of Motion Perception.Lucy Yardley - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):340.
  35.  4
    Ecological Efference Mediation Theory and Motion Perception During Self-Motion.Wayne L. Shebilske - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):330.
  36. Hypersets, Complexity, and the Ecological Approach to Perception-Action.Tony Chemero & Michael Turvey - manuscript
     
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  37.  10
    The Ecological Perspective Applied to Social Perception.Philip Knowles & David Smith - 1981 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 11 (2):189–206.
  38.  3
    Calibration Models and Ecological Efference Mediation Theory: Toward a Synthesis of Indirect and Direct Perception Theories.Wayne L. Shebilske - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):276.
  39.  1
    Abstract of Comments: Ecological and Phenomenological Contributions to the Psychology of Perception.Marjorie Grene - 1982 - Noûs 16 (1):122 -.
  40. J. J. Gibson and the Ecological Approach to Perception.Aaron Ben-Zeev - 1981 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 12 (2):107.
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  41. Ecological Depth Perception: Ducklings Tested Together and Alone.Richard D. Walk & Kathy Walters - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (4):368-371.
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    Perception is Theory Laden: The Naturalized Evidence and Philosophical Implications.William F. Brewer - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):121-138.
    This paper proposes a set of criteria for an appropriate experiment on the issue of the theory ladenness of perception. These criteria are used to select a number of experiments that use: belief-based ambiguous figures, fragmented figures, or memory color. Crucially, the data in experiments of this type are based on the participant’s qualitative visual experience. Across many different types of experimental designs, different types of stimuli, and different types of belief manipulation, these experiments show the impact of belief/theory (...)
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  43. Against Direct Perception.S. Ullman - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):333-81.
    Central to contemporary cognitive science is the notion that mental processes involve computations defined over internal representations. This view stands in sharp contrast to the to visual perception and cognition, whose most prominent proponent has been J.J. Gibson. In the direct theory, perception does not involve computations of any sort; it is the result of the direct pickup of available information. The publication of Gibson's recent book (Gibson 1979) offers an opportunity to examine his approach, and, more generally, (...)
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    Agents' Perceptions of Structure: How Illinois Organic Farmers View Political, Economic, Social, and Ecological Factors. [REVIEW]Leslie A. Duram - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (1):35-48.
    Various structural factors influenceorganic farmer decision-making. Analyses that combinestructure and agency provide an opportunity forunderstanding farmers' perceptions of the political,economic, and social ``world'' in which they operate.Rich conversational interviews, conducted with twentycertified organic farmers in Illinois and analyzedwith multiple qualitative methods, show how farmersmediate structural concerns. In addition to political,economic, and social structures, a fourth structure isneeded. Indeed these organic farmers emphasize theimportance of ecological factors in theirdecision-making. Within the perceived economic,political, social, and ecological structures, numeroustopics (i.e., marketing, (...)
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  45. Philosophical Foundations for the Ecological Approach.John T. Sanders - manuscript
    Harry Heft's Ecological Psychology in Context is an important book in many ways. For one thing, it adds considerably to our understanding of the historical background of J.J. Gibson's thought. But more than that, Heft aims to place ecological psychology not just historically, but philosophically. He says "This volume shows that radical empiricism stands at the heart of Gibson's ecological program, and it can usefully be employed as the conceptual centerpiece for ecological psychology more broadly construed" (...)
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  46.  55
    Socially Extending the Mind Through Social Affordances.Eros Moreira de Carvalho - manuscript
    The extended mind thesis claims that at least some cognitive processes extend beyond the organism’s brain in that they are constituted by the organism’s actions on its surrounding environment. A more radical move would be to claim that social actions performed by the organism could at least constitute some of its mental processes. This can be called the socially extended mind thesis. Based on the notion of affordance as developed in the ecological psychology tradition, I defend the position that (...)
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    Are Affordances Normative?Manuel Heras-Escribano & Manuel de Pinedo - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):565-589.
    In this paper we explore in what sense we can claim that affordances, the objects of perception for ecological psychology, are related to normativity. First, we offer an account of normativity and provide some examples of how it is understood in the specialized literature. Affordances, we claim, lack correctness criteria and, hence, the possibility of error is not among their necessary conditions. For this reason we will oppose Chemero’s normative theory of affordances. Finally, we will show that there (...)
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    Walking Through Apertures: Assessing Judgments Obtained From Multiple Modalities.Luis H. Favela - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    According to Gibson's ecological theory of perception-action, the proper objects of perception are affordances. Affordances are directly perceivable, environmental opportunities for behavior. The current study assessed affordance judgments, and the confidence ratings corresponding to those judgments, of aperture pass-through-ability based on three modes of perceiving. The modes were vision and two blindfolded conditions involving haptic perception via technological aids: A cane and the Enactive Torch (ET). The first hypothesis, that vision would provide judgments of the critical (...)
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    Hierarchical Categorical Perception in Sensing and Cognitive Processes.Luis Emilio Bruni - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (1):113-130.
    This article considers categorical perception (CP) as a crucial process involved in all sort of communication throughout the biological hierarchy, i.e. in all of biosemiosis. Until now, there has been consideration of CP exclusively within the functional cycle of perception–cognition–action and it has not been considered the possibility to extend this kind of phenomena to the mere physiological level. To generalise the notion of CP in this sense, I have proposed to distinguish between categorical perception (CP) and (...)
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    Determining the Primary Problem of Visual Perception: A Gibsonian Response to the Correlation' Objection.Philip A. Glotzbach - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):69-94.
    Fodor & Pylyshyn (1981) criticize J. J. Gibson's ecological account of perception for failing to address what I call the 'correlation problem' in visual perception. That is, they charge that Gibson cannot explain how perceivers learn to correlate detectable properties of the light with perceptible properties of the environment. Furthermore, they identify the correlation problem as a crucial issue for any theory of visual perception, what I call a 'primary problem'—i.e. a problem which plays a definitive (...)
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