Results for 'environmentally friendly production'

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  1.  12
    When Agricultural Waste Transforms Into an Environmentally Friendly Material: The Case of Green Concrete as Alternative to Natural Resources Depletion.Cătălina Mihaela Grădinaru, Adrian Alexandru Şerbănoiu, Danut Traian Babor, Gabriel Constantin Sârbu, Ioan Valentin Petrescu-Mag & Andrei Cristian Grădinaru - 2019 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 32 (1):77-93.
    In an increasingly urbanized world, construction industry is called upon to serve the needs of human society, such as environmental protection and safety in terms of infrastructure. In this context, a sustainable and ethical development means a close connection between buildings and environment. This connection can be achieved through, for example, the concept of ecological concrete or green concrete, as it is often called. The conventional process of obtaining cement and mineral aggregates from the concrete composition generates pollution, especially through (...)
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  2.  34
    Swiss Market for Meat From Animal-Friendly Production – Responses of Public and Private Actors in Switzerland.Sibyl Anwander Phan-Huy & Ruth Badertscher Fawaz - 2003 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):119-136.
    Animal welfare is an importantsocietal issue in Switzerland. Policy makershave responded with a strict legislation onanimal protection and with two programs topromote animal friendly husbandry. Alsoprivate actors in the meat industry initiatedprograms for animal friendly meat productionto meet consumers' expectations. Labeled meathas a market share of over 20%. Depending onthe stakeholders responsible for the labels,their objectives vary. While retailers want toattract consumers with meat produced in ananimal friendly and environmentally compatiblemanner and with products of consistently goodsensory (...)
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  3.  22
    Critical Impact Assessment of Organic Agriculture.Xie Biao, Wang Xiaorong, Ding Zhuhong & Yang Yaping - 2003 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (3):297-311.
    Based on its productionguideline, organic agriculture has set foritself the goals of minimizing all forms ofpollution and maintaining sustainability of thefarming system. By striving for these goals,organic farming meets the demands of anincreasing number of consumers who are criticalof conventional production methods. This papergives an overview of the present state of theart in the different issues. Possibilities ofand limitations in performing the self-aimedgoals under the basic standards of organicagriculture are discussed. Concerningenvironmental protection, in general, the riskof adverse environmental effects (...)
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  4.  9
    Green Intentions Under the Blue Flag: Exploring Differences in EU Consumers’ Willingness to Pay More for EnvironmentallyFriendly Products.Gregory‐Smith Diana, Manika Danae & Demirel Pelin - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (3):205-222.
    Recent research on consumer social responsibility highlights the need to examine psychological drivers of environmentally-friendly consumption choices in a global context. This article investigates consumers’ willingness to pay more for environmentally-friendly products across 28 European Union countries, using a sample of 21,514 consumers. A multigroup structural equation modeling analysis reveals significantly different patterns and relationships, in how subjective knowledge about the product's environmental impact, environmental product attitudes, and the perceived importance of the products’ environmental impact influence (...)
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  5.  27
    The Impact of Individual Attitudinal and Organisational Variables on Workplace Environmentally Friendly Behaviours.Danae Manika, Victoria K. Wells, Diana Gregory-Smith & Michael Gentry - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (4):663-684.
    Although research on corporate social responsibility has grown steadily, little research has focused on CSR at the individual level. In addition, research on the role of environmental friendly organizational citizenship behaviors within CSR initiatives is scarce. In response to this gap and recent calls for further research on both individual and organizational variables of employees’ environmentally friendly, or green, behaviors, this article sheds light on the influence of these variables on three types of green employee behaviors simultaneously: (...)
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  6.  18
    Will You Purchase Environmentally Friendly Products? Using Prediction Requests to Increase Choice of Sustainable Products.H. Onur Bodur, Kimberly M. Duval & Bianca Grohmann - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (1):59-75.
    Research shows that commitment-based interventions are among the most effective strategies to encourage pro-environmental behaviors, but methods to elicit commitments from a large number of individuals are often costly and unrealistic. Predictions requests—a commitment-type strategy—are an effective mass-communication strategy and have the potential to influence pro-environmental behavior among large audiences. This research is the first to demonstrate that prediction requests in a consumer behavior context influence preference for environmentally friendly products. In addition, this research examines the role of (...)
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  7. Consumers’ Recognition of Multifunctionality in Agriculture and Price Premiums for Environmentally Friendly Agricultural Products: Evidence From a Survey Experiment.Mikitaro Shobayashi, Daisuke Takahashi & Tsaiyu Chang - 2019 - Food Ethics 2 (2-3):111-125.
    We conduct an online survey experiment to determine the influence of multifunctionality recognition in agriculture on the price premiums of environmental-friendly agricultural products. We use the case of fish-friendly rice produced in Shiga prefecture, Japan, which contributes to the conservation of the water and ecosystem in rural areas around Lake Biwa by setting up fish ways and reducing the use of herbicides. We assume two conditions for consumers to pay premiums on environmental-friendly agricultural products. The first is (...)
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  8. Green Intentions Under the Blue Flag: Exploring Differences in EU Consumers’ Willingness to Pay More for Environmentally-Friendly Products.Diana Gregory-Smith, Danae Manika & Pelin Demirel - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (3):205-222.
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  9.  74
    A Shallow Route to Environmentally Friendly Happiness: Why Evidence That We Are Shallow Materialists Need Not Be Bad News for the Environment(Alist).Chrisoula Andreou - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (1):1 – 10.
    It is natural to assume that we would not be willing to compromise the environment if the conveniences and luxuries thereby gained did not have a substantial positive impact on our happiness. But there is room for skepticism and, in particular, for the thesis that we are compromising the environment to no avail in that our conveniences and luxuries are not having a significant impact on our happiness, making the costs incurred for them a waste. One way of defending the (...)
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  10.  4
    Why Acting Environmentally-Friendly Feels Good: Exploring the Role of Self-Image.Leonie A. Venhoeven, Jan Willem Bolderdijk & Linda Steg - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  11.  32
    Socially Responsive, Environmentally Friendly Logic.Samson Abramsky - 2006 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 78:17.
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  12.  39
    The Habitual Route to Environmentally Friendly (or Unfriendly) Happiness.Cheryl Hall - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (1):19 – 22.
    I agree with Andreou that people are 'highly adaptable when it comes to material goods.' But I would supplement her point about the influence of social comparisons on experiences of happiness with a point about the influence of habit. Andreou does briefly mention habituation, arguing that 'a good will give one less happiness once one has gotten used to having it.' While this may be true, though, it is also true that one's sense of how necessary a good is to (...)
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  13.  7
    Evidence for the Coincidence Effect in Environmental Judgments: Why Isn't It Easy to Correctly Identify Environmentally Friendly Food Products?Carmen Tanner & Niels Jungbluth - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (1):3.
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  14.  4
    Environmentally Friendly Oil Tankers?Virve Haaja, Juha Nasi & Grant T. Savage - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:167-178.
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  15.  62
    Ethical Rooms for Maneuver and Their Prospects Vis-À-Vis the Current Ethical Food Policies in Europe.Michiel Korthals - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (3):249-273.
    In this paper I want to show that consumer concerns can be implemented in food chains by organizing ethical discussions of conflicting values that include them as participators. First, it is argued that there are several types of consumer concerns about food and agriculture that are multi-interpretable and often contradict each other or are at least difficult to reconcile without considerable loss. Second, these consumer concerns are inherently dynamic because they respond to difficult and complex societal and technological situations and (...)
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  16.  12
    The Effect of Negative Message Framing on Green Consumption: An Investigation of the Role of Shame.Cesare Amatulli, Matteo De Angelis, Alessandro M. Peluso, Isabella Soscia & Gianluigi Guido - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):1111-1132.
    Despite society’s increasing sensitivity toward green production, companies often struggle to find effective communication strategies that induce consumers to buy green products or engage in other environmentally friendly behaviors. To add clarity to this situation, we investigated the effectiveness of negative versus positive message framing in promoting green products, whereby companies highlight the detrimental versus beneficial environmental consequences of choosing less versus more green options, respectively. Across four experiments, we show that negatively framed messages are more effective (...)
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  17.  12
    The Effect of Negative Message Framing on Green Consumption: An Investigation of the Role of Shame.Gianluigi Guido, Isabella Soscia, Alessandro Peluso, Matteo Angelis & Cesare Amatulli - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):1111-1132.
    Despite society’s increasing sensitivity toward green production, companies often struggle to find effective communication strategies that induce consumers to buy green products or engage in other environmentally friendly behaviors. To add clarity to this situation, we investigated the effectiveness of negative versus positive message framing in promoting green products, whereby companies highlight the detrimental versus beneficial environmental consequences of choosing less versus more green options, respectively. Across four experiments, we show that negatively framed messages are more effective (...)
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  18.  41
    Environmental Respect: Ethics or Simply Business? A Study in the Small and Medium Enterprise (Sme) Context. [REVIEW]Jesús Cambra-Fierro, Susan Hart & Yolanda Polo-Redondo - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):645 - 656.
    In recent years there have been ever-growing concerns regarding environmental decline, causing some companies to focus on the implementation of environmentally friendly supply, production and distribution systems. Such concern may stem either from the set of beliefs and values of the company’s management or from certain pressure exerted by the market – consumers and institutions – in the belief that an environmentally respectful management policy will contribute to the transmission of a positive image of the company (...)
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  19.  11
    Environmental Respect: Ethics or Simply Business? A Study in the Small and Medium Enterprise Context.Jesús Cambra-Fierro, Susan Hart & Yolanda Polo-Redondo - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):645-656.
    In recent years there have been evergrowing concerns regarding environmental decline, causing some companies to focus on the implementation of environmentally friendly supply, production and distribution systems. Such concern may stem either from the set of beliefs and values of the company's management or from certain pressure exerted by the market - consumers and institutions - in the belief that an environmentally respectful management policy will contribute to the transmission of a positive image of the company (...)
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  20.  12
    Plastic scraps: biodegradable mulch films and the aesthetics of ‘good farming’ in US specialty crop production.Katherine Dentzman & Jessica R. Goldberger - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (1):83-96.
    Agriculture is a serious contributor to pollution and other environmental harms, making it an important site of action for the development of environmentally friendly products and practices. However, farmer adoption of such options is varied and dependent on a wide range of factors including the visual appeal of sustainable farming. Recent studies have shown that negative aesthetics related to more environmentally friendly ways of farming can delay or prevent adoption of such practices. Drawing on the concepts (...)
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  21.  13
    Visions of In Vitro Meat Among Experts and Stakeholders.Inge Böhm, Arianna Ferrari & Silvia Woll - 2018 - NanoEthics 12 (3):211-224.
    In vitro meat is presented by innovators as the most realistic and sustainable solution to the problems of current meat production and consumption. The innovators argue that in vitro meat could be more environmentally friendly, animal friendly, healthier, and safer than conventional meat. The paper elaborates different reactions of experts and stakeholders from science, civil society, economy, and politics to the innovators’ reasoning. The semi-structured interviews were conducted for the project “Visions of in vitro meat. Analysis (...)
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  22.  11
    Reducing Ethical Hazards in Knowledge Production.Alan Cottey - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (2):367-389.
    This article discusses the ethics of knowledge production from a cultural point of view, in contrast with the more usual emphasis on the ethical issues facing individuals involved in KP. Here, the emphasis is on the cultural environment within which individuals, groups and institutions perform KP. A principal purpose is to suggest ways in which reliable scientific knowledge could be produced more efficiently. The distinction between ethical hazard and ethical behaviour is noted. Ethical hazards cannot be eliminated but they (...)
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  23.  48
    Stakeholders on Meat Production, Meat Consumption and Mitigation of Climate Change: Sweden as a Case. [REVIEW]Henrik Lerner, Bo Algers, Stefan Gunnarsson & Anders Nordgren - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):663-678.
    In this paper we analyse and discuss the views of Swedish stakeholders on how to mitigate climate change to the extent it is caused by meat production. The stakeholders include meat producer organisations, governmental agencies with direct influence on meat production, political parties as well as non-governmental organisations. Representatives of twelve organisations were interviewed. Several organisations argued against the mitigation option of reducing beef production despite the higher greenhouse gas intensity of beef compared to pork and chicken (...)
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  24.  45
    An Environment Friendly God: Response to Nancy Hudson’s “Divine Immanence”. [REVIEW]Robert S. Gall - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (3-4):357-360.
    This paper is a response to Professor Nancy Hudson’s paper “Divine Immanence: Nicholas of Cusa’s Understanding of Theophany and the Retrieval of a ‘New’ Model of God,” (Nancy Hudson, “Divine Immanence: Nicholas of Cusa’s Understanding of Theophany and the Retrieval of a ‘New’ Model of God,” Journal of Theological Studies 56.2 (October 2005): 450–470). Hudson claims that an ecologically promising vision of nature and an environmentally friendly God lies undiscovered withing the mystical theology of Nicholas of Cusa. However, (...)
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  25. Making Kind Choices: Everyday Ways to Enhance Your Life Through Earth-and Animal-Friendly Living.Ingrid Newkirk - 2005 - St. Martin's Griffin.
    Choosing a compassionate lifestyle that makes you feel good and positively impacts on the environment and on animals has never been easier. In this practical and accessible handbook, loaded with resources for all products that are mentioned, Ingrid Newkirk presents fabulous options that will not only enhance your life, but those of your neighbors, your community, animals, and the earth itself. From comfortable home furnishings, to delicious foods, to fashionable clothing there are a myriad of choices to be made that (...)
     
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  26.  28
    Response to the Environmental and Welfare Imperatives by U.K. Livestock Production Industries and Research Services.Colin T. Whittemore - 1995 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (1):65-84.
    Production methods for food from U.K. livestock industries (milk, dairy products, meat, eggs, fibre) are undergoing substantial change as a result of the need to respond to environmental and animal welfare awareness of purchasing customers, and to espouse the principles of environmental protection. There appears to be a strong will on the part of livestock farmers to satisfy the environmental imperative, led by the need to maintain market share and by existing and impending legislation. There has been support forthcoming (...)
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  27. Australian Consumers’ Knowledge and Concern for Animal Welfare in Food Production: Influences on Purchasing Intentions.Amelia R. Cornish, Brayden Ashton, David Raubenheimer & Paul D. McGreevy - forthcoming - Society and Animals:1-28.
    Consumers are increasingly concerned about nonhuman animal welfare in food production and, as their awareness continues to rise, demand for welfare-friendly products is growing. The current study explores the Australian market for welfare-friendly food of animal origin by outlining and clarifying how consumers’ welfare concerns affect their purchasing decisions. It reports the findings of an Australian face-to-face survey of consumers’ knowledge of and attitudes to farm animal welfare and their reported purchasing of welfare-friendly animal-derived products. A (...)
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  28.  12
    Determinants of Individual Attitudes Toward Animal Welfare-Friendly Food Products.L. Cembalo, F. Caracciolo, A. Lombardi, T. Del Giudice, K. G. Grunert & G. Cicia - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2):237-254.
    Animal welfare involves societal and human values, ethical concerns and moral considerations since it incorporates the belief of what is right or what is wrong in animal treatment and care. This paper aims to ascertain whether the different dimensions of individual attitudes toward animal welfare in food choices may be characterized by general human values, as identified by Schwartz. For this purpose, an EU-wide survey was carried out, covering almost 2500 nationally representative individuals from five European countries. Compared with the (...)
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  29.  28
    Are Intensive Agricultural Practices Environmentally and Ethically Sound?R. Lal, F. P. Miller & T. J. Logan - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (3):193-210.
    Soil is fragile and nonrenewable but the most basic of natural resources. It has a capacity to tolerate continuous use but only with proper management. Improper soil management and indiscriminate use of chemicals have contributed to some severe global environmental issues, e.g., volatilization losses and contamination of natural waters by sediments and agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. The increasing substitution of energy for labor and other cultural inputs in agriculture is another issue. Fertilizers and chemicals account for about 25% of the (...)
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  30. The Influence of Corporate Psychopaths on Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Commitment to Employees.Clive R. Boddy, Richard K. Ladyshewsky & Peter Galvin - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):1-19.
    This study investigated whether employee perceptions of corporate social responsibility (CSR) were associated with the presence of Corporate Psychopaths in corporations. The article states that, as psychopaths are 1% of the population, it is logical to assume that every large corporation has psychopaths working within it. To differentiate these people from the common perception of psychopaths as being criminals, they have been called "Corporate Psychopaths" in this research. The article presents quantitative empirical research into the influence of Corporate Psychopaths on (...)
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  31.  94
    Fair Trade: Three Key Challenges for Reaching the Mainstream.Anil Hira & Jared Ferrie - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (2):107-118.
    After nearly 20 years of work by activists, fair trade, a movement establishing alternative trading organizations to ensure minimal returns, safe working conditions, and environmentally sustainable production, is now gaining steam, with increasing awareness and availability across a variety of products. However, this article addresses several major remaining challenges: (a) a lack of agreement about what fair trade really means and how it should be certified; (b) uneven awareness and availability across different areas, with marked differences between some (...)
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  32. Moral Responsibility for Environmental Problems—Individual or Institutional?Jessica Nihlén Fahlquist - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (2):109-124.
    The actions performed by individuals, as consumers and citizens, have aggregate negative consequences for the environment. The question asked in this paper is to what extent it is reasonable to hold individuals and institutions responsible for environmental problems. A distinction is made between backward-looking and forward-looking responsibility. Previously, individuals were not seen as being responsible for environmental problems, but an idea that is now sometimes implicitly or explicitly embraced in the public debate on environmental problems is that individuals are appropriate (...)
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  33.  34
    How the Market Values Greenwashing? Evidence From China.Xingqiang Du - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (3):547-574.
    In China, many firms advertise that they follow environmentally friendly practices to cover their true activities, a practice called greenwashing, which can cause the public to doubt the sincerity of greenization messages. In this study, I investigate how the market values greenwashing and further examine whether corporate environmental performance can explain different and asymmetric market reactions to environmentally friendly and unfriendly firms. Using a sample from the Chinese stock market, I provide strong evidence to show that (...)
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  34.  17
    The Impact of Choice Architecture on Sustainable Consumer Behavior: The Role of Guilt.Aristeidis Theotokis & Emmanouela Manganari - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (2):423-437.
    Companies often encourage consumers to engage in sustainable behaviors using their services in a more environmentally friendly or green way, such as reusing the towels in a hotel or replacing paper bank statements by electronic statements. Sometimes, the option of green service is implied as the default and consumers can opt-out, while in other cases consumers need to explicitly ask for switching to a green service. This research examines the effectiveness of choice architecture and particularly the different default (...)
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  35.  16
    Closer to Nature? A Critical Discussion of the Marketing of “Ethical” Animal Products.Sune Borkfelt, Sara Kondrup, Helena Röcklinsberg, Kristian Bjørkdahl & Mickey Gjerris - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (6):1053-1073.
    As public awareness of environmental issues and animal welfare has risen, catering to public concerns and views on these issues has become a potentially profitable strategy for marketing a number of product types, of which animal products such as dairy and meat are obvious examples. Our analysis suggests that specific marketing instruments are used to sell animal products by blurring the difference between the paradigms of animal welfare used by producers, and the paradigms of animal welfare as perceived by the (...)
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  36.  15
    Isolated Environmental Cues and Product Efficacy Penalties: The Color Green and Eco-Labels.Ethan Pancer, Lindsay McShane & Theodore J. Noseworthy - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 143 (1):159-177.
    The current work examines how cues traditionally used to signal environmental friendliness, specifically the color green and eco-labels, and influence product efficacy perceptions and subsequent purchase intentions. Across three experiments, we find that environmental cues used in isolation reduce perceptions of product efficacy. We argue that this efficacy discounting effect occurs because the isolated use of an environmental cue introduces category ambiguity by activating competing functionality and environmentally friendly schemas during evaluation. We discuss the implications of our findings (...)
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  37.  14
    Evaluation of Sustainability Practices in the United States and Large Corporations.M. Anaam Hashmi, Amal Damanhouri & Divya Rana - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (3):673-681.
    A survey-based research study was conducted to analyze sustainability practices of large U.S. corporations in their domestic and international operations. Large U.S. corporations were slow to address global environmental challenges, but a majority of them now demonstrate a clear understanding of their responsibilities. Most large U.S. corporations are proactively involved in sustainability and environmentally friendly measures, and their involvement at home is more intense than abroad. Analyses revealed that U.S. corporations engage in eight activities related to sustainability: investing (...)
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  38.  35
    Meeting Heterogeneity in Consumer Demand for Animal Welfare: A Reflection on Existing Knowledge and Implications for the Meat Sector. [REVIEW]Janneke Jonge & Hans C. M. Trijp - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):629-661.
    The legitimacy of the dominant intensive meat production system with respect to the issue of animal welfare is increasingly being questioned by stakeholders across the meat supply chain. The current meat supply is highly undifferentiated, catering only for the extremes of morality concerns (i.e., conventional vs. organic meat products). However, a latent need for compromise products has been identified. That is, consumer differences exist regarding the trade-offs they make between different aspects associated with meat consumption. The heterogeneity in consumer (...)
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  39.  22
    Meeting Heterogeneity in Consumer Demand for Animal Welfare: A Reflection on Existing Knowledge and Implications for the Meat Sector. [REVIEW]Janneke de Jonge & Hans Cm van Trijp - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):629-661.
    The legitimacy of the dominant intensive meat production system with respect to the issue of animal welfare is increasingly being questioned by stakeholders across the meat supply chain. The current meat supply is highly undifferentiated, catering only for the extremes of morality concerns (i.e., conventional vs. organic meat products). However, a latent need for compromise products has been identified. That is, consumer differences exist regarding the trade-offs they make between different aspects associated with meat consumption. The heterogeneity in consumer (...)
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  40.  55
    Why Do Microfinance Institutions Go Green? An Exploratory Study.Marion Allet - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (3):405-424.
    In recent years, in addition to financial and social objectives, the microfinance industry has started to look at its environmental bottom line. The objective of this paper is to identify why microfinance institutions decide to go green. Data was collected through a quantitative survey of 160 MFIs and qualitative semi-structured interviews of 23 MFIs’ top managers. Basing our analysis on the model of ecological responsiveness developed by Bansal and Roth :717–736, 2000), we discover that MFIs for which legitimation is the (...)
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  41.  31
    Understanding the Forms of Government in Today’s Liberal and Democratic Societies: An Introduction. [REVIEW]Dominique Pestre - 2009 - Minerva 47 (3):243-260.
    What I consider in this paper are various forms of government, various technologies and discursive regimes of government that are in common use today. What interests me are the categories and tools, practical dispositifs and languages that developed over the last decades ‘to constitute, define, organize, and instrumentalize the strategies that individuals, acting freely, may use to deal with one another’ (Foucault). The paper considers first the neo-liberal wish to reassert the individual as alone in responsibility for his/her own life (...)
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  42.  15
    Managerial Preferences in Relation to Financial Indicators Regarding the Mitigation of Global Change.Josef Maroušek, Simona Hašková, Robert Zeman & Radka Vaníčková - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):203-207.
    Biochar is a soil—improving substrate made from phytomass pyrolysis. In Southeast Asia, its application decreases due to the long-term growth of biochar cost and thus caused further prolongation of the payback period. In the Euro-American civilization the biochar application is already almost forgotten once it has been much earlier recognized that the crop yields can be increased much faster with higher doses of nutrients and other agrochemicals. The payback period can be expected in decades. Such a long-time investment into soil (...)
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  43.  21
    Eco-Premium or Eco-Penalty? Eco-Labels and Quality in the Organic Wine Market.Neil Lessem & Magali A. Delmas - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (2):318-356.
    Eco-labels emphasize information disclosure as a tool to induce environmentally friendly behaviors by both firms and consumers. The goal of eco-labels is to reduce information asymmetry between producers and consumers over the environmental attributes of a product or service. However, by focusing on this information asymmetry, rather than on how the label meets consumer needs, eco-labels may send irrelevant, confusing, or even detrimental messages to consumers. In this article, the authors investigate how the environmental signal of eco-labels interacts (...)
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  44.  29
    European Green Mutual Fund Performance: A Comparative Analysis with Their Conventional and Black Peers.Gbenga Ibikunle & Tom Steffen - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (2):337-355.
    We conduct the first comparative analysis of the financial performance of European green, black and conventional mutual funds. Based on a unique dataset of 175 green, 259 black and 976 conventional mutual funds, the investigation contrasts the financial performance of the three dissimilar investment orientations over the 1991–2014 period. Over the full sample period, green mutual funds significantly underperform relative to conventional funds, while no significant risk-adjusted performance differences between green and black mutual funds could be established during the same (...)
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  45.  23
    The State and Consumer Confidence in Eco-Labeling: Organic Labeling in Denmark, Sweden, The United Kingdom and The United States. [REVIEW]Kim Mannemar Sønderskov & Carsten Daugbjerg - 2011 - Agriculture and Human Values 28 (4):507-517.
    Trustworthy eco-labels provide consumers with valuable information on environmentally friendly products and thus promote green consumerism. But what makes an eco-label trustworthy and what can government do to increase consumer confidence? The scant existing literature indicates that low governmental involvement increases confidence. This suggests that government should just provide the basic legal framework for eco-labeling and leave the rest to non-governmental organizations. However, the empirical underpinning of this conclusion is insufficient. This paper analyses consumer confidence in different organic (...)
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  46.  26
    The Rehabilitation of Indigenous Environmental Ethics in Africa.W. Kelbessa - 2005 - Diogenes 52 (3):17-34.
    This article explores the rehabilitation of the ethical dimension of human interactions with nature, using cross-cultural perspectives in Africa. Cross-cultural comparison of indigenous concepts of the relationship between people and nature with contemporary environmental and scientific issues facilitate the rehabilitation, renewal and validation of indigenous environmental ethics. Although increasing attention is being given to the environmental concerns of non-western traditions, most of the related research has centered on Asia, Native American Indians and Australian Aborigines with little attention being paid to (...)
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  47.  18
    Business Ethics and the Natural Environment.Lisa H. Newton - 2005 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Business Ethics and the Natural Environment_ examines the present status of relations between corporate enterprise and the natural environment in the world today. •Discusses such questions as: What obligations does a corporation have toward the environment? To respect entities unprotected by law? To care about future generations? •Argues that environmentally-friendly business practices yield dividends exceeding expectations, and that the competitive firm of the 21st century will follow “green” standards •Provides a background in ethics, a survey of business ethics, (...)
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  48.  30
    The Manufacturing Sector’s Environmental Motives: A Game-Theoretic Analysis. [REVIEW]Richard John Fairchild - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (3):333 - 344.
    What motivates manufacturing companies to make costly investments in producing in an environmentally clean manner? The traditional argument is that such behaviour is value reducing, and that therefore, firms must be forced by regulation to invest in “green” production processes. A counter-argument is that firms have an incentive to make environmental investments in an attempt to attract “green” consumers and investors, hence gaining competitive advantage over their rivals. In this paper, we employ a game-theoretic approach that demonstrates that (...)
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  49.  10
    The Impact of Competitors–Firm Power Divergence on Chinese SMES’ Environmental and Financial Performance.Zhi Tang & Jintong Tang - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (1):147-165.
    Competitor pressure is one of the major reasons that a SME engages in environmentally friendly or damaging activities. Extant research has argued that environmental strengths and concerns have mirror opposite relationships with stakeholder antecedents as well as with performance outcomes. We suggest this argument does not reflect the reality. Building on stakeholder management and Red Queen theories, we hypothesize that environmental strengths and concerns have differential relationships with competitors–firm power exchange and financial performance for Chinese SMEs. Results of (...)
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  50.  6
    The Manufacturing Sector’s Environmental Motives: A Game-Theoretic Analysis.Richard John Fairchild - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (3):333-344.
    What motivates manufacturing companies to make costly investments in producing in an environmentally clean manner? The traditional argument is that such behaviour is value reducing, and that therefore, firms must be forced by regulation to invest in "green" production processes. A counter-argument is that firms have an incentive to make environmental investments in an attempt to attract "green" consumers and investors, hence gaining competitive advantage over their rivals. In this paper, we employ a game-theoretic approach that demonstrates that (...)
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