Results for 'evidence'

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  1. Derrick K. S. au. Ethics & Narrative In Evidence-Based - 2002 - In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-cultural perspectives on the (im) possibility of global bioethics. Boston: Kluwer Academic.
     
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  2. Inference,".Evidence Truth - 1974 - American Philosophical Quarterly 11:79-92.
     
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  3. of variable Important to teaching performance. He wanted to get a list of meas-able variables; he wanted variables for which he could obtain evidence. He suc-ceeded well in doing this. Another example of a skill, evaluated in a different set of studies, was skill of the practitioner in leaving a patient. The skilled practitioner (1) gives. [REVIEW]Evidence Of Skill Ffirtohmlmde & Anecdotal Records - 1965 - In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship.
     
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  4. The Autobiography of John Stuart Mill a Lecture Delivered in the New Hall of Science, Old Street, City Road, Under the Auspices of "the Christian Evidence Society".John Stuart Mill & Christian Evidence Society - 1874 - Hodder & Stoughton.
     
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  5.  11
    A call for total nursing role reformation: Perceptions of Ghanaian nurses.Luke Laari & Sinegugu Evidence Duma - 2023 - Nursing Inquiry 30 (3):e12549.
    Nurses in Ghana believe that training, practise, practitioner and policy reforms are required for total nursing profession reform to be effective. Their views for role reformation in the nursing profession, which is currently needed, are not only academic but also clinically relevant in the pursuit of health equity and quality nursing care. We explored and described nurses’ views on their roles in the profession using data collected from 24 professional nurses in three regional hospitals in Ghana. Using an inductive descriptive (...)
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  6.  72
    Evidence for the Distinctness of Embarrassment, Shame, and Guilt: A Study of Recalled Antecedents and Facial Expressions of Emotion.Dacher Keltner - 1996 - Cognition and Emotion 10 (2):155-172.
  7.  90
    Accuracy and Evidence.Richard Pettigrew - 2013 - Dialectica 67 (4):579-596.
    In “A Nonpragmatic Vindication of Probabilism”, Jim Joyce argues that our credences should obey the axioms of the probability calculus by showing that, if they don't, there will be alternative credences that are guaranteed to be more accurate than ours. But it seems that accuracy is not the only goal of credences: there is also the goal of matching one's credences to one's evidence. I will consider four ways in which we might make this latter goal precise: on the (...)
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  8. Evidence, coherence and epistemic akrasia.Ram Neta - 2018 - Episteme 15 (3):313-328.
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  9.  25
    Replies: Evidence and Sensibility.John M. Doris - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):656-677.
  10.  23
    Current evidence for automatic Theory of Mind processing in adults.Dana Schneider, Virginia P. Slaughter & Paul E. Dux - 2017 - Cognition 162 (C):27-31.
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  11.  34
    The variety of evidence thesis and its independence of degrees of independence.Jürgen Landes - 2020 - Synthese 198 (11):1-31.
    The intuitive Variety of Evidence Thesis states that, ceteris paribus, more varied evidence for a hypothesis confirms it more strongly than less varied evidence. Recent Bayesian analyses have raised serious doubts in its validity. Claveau suggests the existence of a novel type of counter-example to this thesis: a gradual increase in source independence can lead to a decrease in hypothesis confirmation. I show that Claveau’s measure of gradual source independence suffers from two unsuspected types of inconsistencies. I (...)
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  12.  17
    Beyond ‘evidence’. Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating evidence into clinical practice: an alternative to evidence-based approaches. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12, 248-256.M. Gupta - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):296-298.
  13.  40
    What Constitutes “Good” Evidence for Public Health and Social Policy-making? From Hierarchies to Appropriateness.Justin O. Parkhurst & Sudeepa Abeysinghe - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):665-679.
    Within public health, and increasingly other areas of social policy, there are widespread calls to increase or improve the use of evidence for policy-making. Often these calls rest on an assumption that increased evidence utilisation will be a more efficient or effective means of achieving social goals. Yet a clear elucidation of what can be considered “good evidence” for policy is rarely articulated. Many of the current discussions of best practise in the health policy sector derive from (...)
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  14.  31
    Conciliatory Views on Peer Disagreement and the Order of Evidence Acquisition.Marc Andree Weber - 2022 - Kriterion – Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):33-50.
    The evidence that we get from peer disagreement is especially problematic from a Bayesian point of view since the belief revision caused by a piece of such evidence cannot be modelled along the lines of Bayesian conditionalisation. This paper explains how exactly this problem arises, what features of peer disagreements are responsible for it, and what lessons should be drawn for both the analysis of peer disagreements and Bayesian conditionalisation as a model of evidence acquisition. In particular, (...)
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  15.  83
    Robust and Discordant Evidence: Methodological Lessons from Clinical Research.Spencer Phillips Hey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (1):55-75.
    The concordance of results that are “robust” across multiple scientific modalities is widely considered to play a critical role in the epistemology of science. But what should we make of those cases where such multimodal evidence is discordant? Jacob Stegenga has recently argued that robustness is “worse than useless” in these cases, suggesting that “different kinds of evidence cannot be combined in a coherent way.” In this article I respond to this critique and illustrate the critical methodological role (...)
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  16.  51
    Continuing the evidence‐based health care debate in 2006. The progress and price of EBM.Andrew Miles & Michael Loughlin - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):385-398.
  17.  45
    Converging Evidence for the Processing Costs Associated with Ambiguous Quantifier Comprehension.Corey T. McMillan, Danielle Coleman, Robin Clark, Tsao-Wei Liang, Rachel G. Gross & Murray Grossman - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  18.  41
    Propensity, evidence, and diagnosis.J. L. Mackie - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):345-346.
  19.  1
    Heterodox conspiracy theories and evidence-based theories of error.Rico Hauswald - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Heterodox ideas face an uphill battle. This is not least the case for heterodox conspiracy theories. As an empirical observation, this is hardly controversial. What is controversial is whether and to what extent this should be the case. Some authors have gone so far as to argue that heterodox conspiracy theories should be generally dismissed, and that it is precisely their heterodox status that justifies such dismissal. Most particularists are likely to object strongly to such an assessment, arguing that conspiracy (...)
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  20.  95
    A Question of Evidence.Lynn Hankinson Nelson - 1993 - Hypatia 8 (2):172 - 189.
    I outline a pragmatic account of evidence, arguing that it allows us to underwrite two implications of feminist scholarship: that knowledge is socially constructed and constrained by evidence, and that social relations, including gender, race, and class, are epistemologically significant. What makes the account promising is that it abandons any pretense of a view from nowhere, the view of evidence as something only individuals gather or have, and the view that individual theories face experience in isolation.
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  21.  30
    Developmental evidence and introspection.Shaun Nichols - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):64-65.
  22.  44
    Evidence of coordination as a cure for concept eliminativism.Andrea Scarantino - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):223-224.
    I argue that Machery stacks the deck against hybrid theories of concepts by relying on an unduly restrictive understanding of coordination between concept parts. Once a less restrictive notion of coordination is introduced, the empirical case for hybrid theories of concepts becomes stronger, and the appeal of concept eliminativism weaker.
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  23.  20
    The Role of Skeptical Evidence in the First and Second “Meditations”. Article 2. Certitudo.Oleg Khoma - 2017 - Sententiae 36 (2):18-29.
    The author argues that according to Sextus Empiricus, (a) the "sensual" nature of the phenomenon is a metaphorical notion, since it is indistinguishably extended both to sensuality and thinking; (b) the phenomenon manifest itself with irresistible force of impact, through a wide range of passive states of mind; (c) the impact of phenomena is always mediated by our ego, because all skeptic expressions are strongly correlated with the first person singular. The article proves that Descartes could not refute the “excess” (...)
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  24.  26
    Social values and scientific evidence: the case of the HPV vaccines.Kristen Intemann & Inmaculada Melo-martín - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):203-213.
    Several have argued that the aims of scientific research are not always independent of social and ethical values. Yet this is often assumed only to have implications for decisions about what is studied, or which research projects are funded, and not for methodological decisions or standards of evidence. Using the case of the recently developed HPV vaccines, we argue that the social aims of research can also play important roles in justifying decisions about (1) how research problems are defined (...)
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  25. Evidence and epistemic reasons.Errol Lord - 2022 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. New York, NY: Routledge.
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  26.  33
    Evidence for pain attenuation by the motor system-based judgment of agency.N. Karsh, O. Goldstein & B. Eitam - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 57:134-146.
  27.  22
    Evidence of the paranormal: A skeptic's reactions.Martin Gardner - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):587.
  28.  48
    Statistical Evidence, Sensitivity, and the Legal Value of Knowledge.Levi Spectre David Enoch - 2012 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 40 (3):197-224.
  29. Witness Testimony Evidence: Argumentation and the Law.Douglas Walton - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in artificial intelligence has increasingly turned to argumentation as a rich, interdisciplinary area of research that can provide new methods related to evidence and reasoning in the area of law. Douglas Walton provides an introduction to basic concepts, tools and methods in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence as applied to the analysis and evaluation of witness testimony. He shows how witness testimony is by its nature inherently fallible and sometimes subject to disastrous failures. At the same time (...)
     
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  30.  14
    Evidence: Oregon court excludes expert testimony in breast implant litigation.R. W. Gifford - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (2-3):221.
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  31.  2
    Evidence for core social goal understanding (and, perhaps, core morality) in preverbal infants.J. Kiley Hamlin - 2024 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 47:e130.
    Spelke's What Babies Know masterfully describes infants’ impressive repertoire of core cognitive concepts, from which the suite of human knowledge is eventually built. The current commentary argues for the existence of a core concept that Spelke claims preverbal infants lack: social goal. Core social goal concepts, operative extremely early in human development, underlie infants’ basic abilities to interpret and evaluate entities within the moral world; such abilities support claims for a core moral domain.
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  32. Evidence based medicine and evidence based public health.Benjamin Smart - 2022 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. New York, NY: Routledge.
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  33.  18
    Evidence of reduction in spin disorder by Ho3+doping in La0.7Ca0.3MnO.M. S. Ramachandra Rao, V. Ravindranath & R. Gross - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (13):1631-1643.
  34.  48
    Evidence for the embodiment of space perception: concurrent hand but not arm action moderates reachability and egocentric distance perception.Stéphane Grade, Mauro Pesenti & Martin G. Edwards - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  35.  40
    Law as Clinical Evidence: A New ConstitutiveModel of Medical Education and Decision-Making.Malcolm Parker, Lindy Willmott, Ben White, Gail Williams & Colleen Cartwright - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (1):101-109.
    Over several decades, ethics and law have been applied to medical education and practice in a way that reflects the continuation during the twentieth century of the strong distinction between facts and values. We explain the development of applied ethics and applied medical law and report selected results that reflect this applied model from an empirical project examining doctors’ decisions on withdrawing/withholding treatment from patients who lack decision-making capacity. The model is critiqued, and an alternative “constitutive” model is supported on (...)
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  36. The Evidence for God: Religious Knowledge Reexamined.Peter Forrest - 2012 - Philosophical Review 121 (4):622-625.
  37.  35
    Evidence and belief.William H. Davis - 1991 - Sophia 30 (2-3):1-22.
  38.  27
    Evidence to lessen Professor Grünbaum's concern about Freud's clinical inference method.Lester Luborsky - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (2):247-249.
  39.  53
    Is there anthropological evidence that logic is culturally relative?: Remarks on Bloor, Jennings, and Evans-Pritchard.Timm Triplett - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):749-760.
    Logical relativism is the view that a logical proposition is known just in case it is collectively endorsed in some culture. This striking and controversial view is defended by David Bloor and Richard C. Jennings. They cite in its support distinctive reasoning practices among the Azande as described by E. E. Evans-Pitchard. Jennings has challenged my critique of Bloor's logical relativism, claiming that my analysis is based on misunderstandings of Bloor and Evans-Pritchard. I argue that Jennings' clarifications of Bloor do (...)
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  40. lb. RIGHTS.What Was Self-Evident Alas - 2009 - In Matt Zwolinski (ed.), Arguing About Political Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 123.
  41. Laura J. Snyder.is Evidence Historical - 1994 - In Peter Achinstein & Laura J. Snyder (eds.), Scientific methods: conceptual and historical problems. Malabar, Fla.: Krieger Pub. Co..
     
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  42. No evidence for mechanisms that code the orientation of kinematic boundaries independent of the axis of flow.R. A. Eagle - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview Pub. Co. pp. 130-131.
  43.  6
    Notes on the Evidence for the Influence of Pronominal on Nominal Inflexion in Mycenaen Archives.Elena Džukeska - 2023 - Годишен зборник на Филозофскиот факултет/The Annual of the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje 76 (1):269-278.
    The inflexion of pronouns varies in different Indo-European languages and so far, as it can be reconstructed, in the Proto-Indo-European it was different in several aspects from the inflexion of nouns and adjectives. In the course of time pronominal and nominal inflexions went through a process of mutual levelling. The analysis and comparison of the thematic and athematic nominal inflexions has shown that gendered pronouns played important role in the development of the thematic o-stem and eH2-stem substantives. The evidence (...)
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  44.  34
    Evidence from young children regarding emotional responses to music.Steven John Holochwost & Carroll E. Izard - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):581-582.
    Juslin & Vll (J&V) propose a theoretical framework of how music may evoke an emotional response. This commentary presents results from a pilot study that employed young children as participants, and measured musically induced emotions through facial expressions. Preliminary findings support certain aspects of the proposed theoretical framework. The implications of these findings on future research employing the proposed framework are discussed.
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  45.  15
    Photography and evidence: reflections on the imagistic violence.Paul Marinescu - forthcoming - Continental Philosophy Review:1-16.
    The aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of imagistic violence by focusing—by means of a phenomenology open to dialogue with neighboring disciplines, from historiography to semiotics—on the particular case of photographs depicting atrocities, examples of photojournalism or images captured at crime scenes by forensic agents and presented as evidence during trials. To this end, I will implement a three-step analysis. First, I will seek to clarify the meanings associated with photography presented as evidence by (...)
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  46.  48
    Regimes of Evidence in Complexity Sciences.Fabrizio Li Vigni - 2021 - Perspectives on Science 29 (1):62-103.
    Since their inception in the 1980s, complexity sciences have been described as a revolutionary new domain of research. By describing some of the practices and assumptions of its representatives, the present article shows that this field is an association of subdisciplines laying on existing disciplinary footholds. The general question guiding us here is: On what basis do complexity scientists consider their inquiry methods and results as valuable? To answer it, I describe five “epistemic argumentative regimes,” namely the ways in which (...)
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  47.  18
    Literary Evidence for Early Buddhist Art in China.Leon Hurvitz & Alexander Coburn Soper - 1959 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 79 (2):146.
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  48.  36
    Electromyographic evidence for the valence of electronic gambling responses in young and older adults.Maiuolo Michelle, Bailey Phoebe & Gonsalvez Craig - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  49.  11
    Modeling evidence accumulation decision processes using integral equations: Urgency-gating and collapsing boundaries.Philip L. Smith & Roger Ratcliff - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (2):235-267.
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  50.  13
    Evidence of Plato and Aristotle Relating to the Ekpyrosis in Heraclitus.Rodolfo Mondolfo & D. J. Allan - 1958 - Phronesis 3 (2):75 - 82.
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