Results for 'evolution of cooperation'

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  1.  19
    Simulation Models of the Evolution of Cooperation as Proofs of Logical Possibilities. How Useful Are They?Eckhart Arnold - 2013 - Ethics and Politics 2 (XV):101-138.
    This paper discusses critically what simulation models of the evolution of cooperation can possibly prove by examining Axelrod’s “Evolution of Cooperation” (1984) and the modeling tradition it has inspired. Hardly any of the many simulation models in this tradition have been applicable empirically. Axelrod’s role model suggested a research design that seemingly allowed to draw general conclusions from simulation models even if the mechanisms that drive the simulation could not be identified empirically. But this research design (...)
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  2.  78
    Simulation Models of the Evolution of Cooperation as Proofs of Logical Possibilities: How Useful Are They?Eckhart Arnold - 2013 - Etica E Politica 15 (2):101-138.
    This paper discusses critically what simulation models of the evolution ofcooperation can possibly prove by examining Axelrod’s “Evolution of Cooperation” and the modeling tradition it has inspired. Hardly any of the many simulation models of the evolution of cooperation in this tradition have been applicable empirically. Axelrod’s role model suggested a research design that seemingly allowed to draw general conclusions from simulation models even if the mechanisms that drive the simulation could not be identified empirically. (...)
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  3.  39
    The Role of Ontogeny in the Evolution of Human Cooperation.Michael Tomasello & Ivan Gonzalez-Cabrera - 2017 - Human Nature 28 (3):274–288.
    To explain the evolutionary emergence of uniquely human skills and motivations for cooperation, Tomasello et al. (2012, in Current Anthropology 53(6):673–92) proposed the interdependence hypothesis. The key adaptive context in this account was the obligate collaborative foraging of early human adults. Hawkes (2014, in Human Nature 25(1):28–48), following Hrdy (Mothers and Others, Harvard University Press, 2009), provided an alternative account for the emergence of uniquely human cooperative skills in which the key was early human infants’ attempts to solicit care (...)
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  4.  22
    How Domesticating Fire Facilitated the Evolution of Human Cooperation.Terrence Twomey - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):89-99.
    Controlled fire use by early humans could have facilitated the evolution of human cooperation. Individuals with regular access to the benefits of domestic fire would have been at an advantage over those with limited or no access. However, a campfire would have been relatively costly for an individual to maintain and open to free riders. By cooperating, individuals could have reduced maintenance costs, minimized free riding and lessened the risk of being without fire. Cooperators were more likely to (...)
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  5.  23
    Has Punishment Played a Role in the Evolution of Cooperation? A Critical Review.Nicolas Baumard - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (2):171-192.
    In the past decade, experiments on altruistic punishment have played a central role in the study of the evolution of cooperation. By showing that people are ready to incur a cost to punish cheaters and that punishment help to stabilise cooperation, these experiments have greatly contributed to the rise of group selection theory. However, despite its experimental robustness, it is not clear whether altruistic punishment really exists. Here, I review the anthropological literature and show that hunter-gatherers rarely (...)
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  6. Gricean Communication, Joint Action, and the Evolution of Cooperation.Richard Moore - 2018 - Topoi 37 (2):329-341.
    It is sometimes claimed that Gricean communication is necessarily a form of cooperative or ‘joint’ action. A consequence of this Cooperative Communication View is that Gricean communication could not itself contribute to an explanation of the possibility of joint action. I argue that even though Gricean communication is often a form of joint action, it is not necessarily so—since it does not always require intentional action on the part of a hearer. Rejecting the Cooperative Communication View has attractive consequences for (...)
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  7.  31
    The Evolution of Cooperation in the Centipede Game with Finite Populations.Rory Smead - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):157-177.
    The partial cooperation displayed by subjects in the Centipede Game deviates radically from the predictions of traditional game theory. Even standard, infinite population, evolutionary settings have failed to provide an explanation for this behavior. However, recent work in finite population evolutionary models has shown that such settings can produce radically different results from the standard models. This paper examines the evolution of partial cooperation in finite populations. The results reveal a new possible explanation that is not open (...)
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  8.  5
    Evolution of Cooperation and Coordination in a Dynamically Networked Society.Enea Pestelacci, Marco Tomassini & Leslie Luthi - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (2):139-153.
    Situations of conflict giving rise to social dilemmas are widespread in society and game theory is one major way in which they can be investigated. Starting from the observation that individuals in society interact through networks of acquaintances, we model the co-evolution of the agents’ strategies and of the social network itself using two prototypical games, the Prisoner’s Dilemma and the Stag-Hunt. Allowing agents to dismiss ties and establish new ones, we find that cooperation and coordination can be (...)
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  9.  34
    Rapid Cultural Adaptation Can Facilitate the Evolution of Large-Scale Cooperation.Robert Boyd & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Over the past several decades, we have argued that cultural evolution can facilitate the evolution of largescale cooperation because it often leads to more rapid adaptation than genetic evolution, and, when multiple stable equilibria exist, rapid adaptation leads to variation among groups. Recently, Lehmann, Feldman, and colleagues have published several papers questioning this argument. They analyze models showing that cultural evolution can actually reduce the range of conditions under which cooperation can evolve and interpret (...)
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  10. The Evolution of Cooperation.Ellen Clarke - 2015 - The Philosophers' Magazine.
     
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  11.  53
    The Return of Reciprocity: A Psychological Approach to the Evolution of Cooperation.Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):555-566.
    Recent developments in evolutionary game theory argue the superiority of punishment over reciprocity as accounts of large-scale human cooperation. I introduce a distinction between a behavioral and a psychological perspective on reciprocity and punishment to question this view. I examine a narrow and a wide version of a psychological mechanism for reciprocity and conclude that a narrow version is clearly distinguishable from punishment, but inadequate for humans; whereas a wide version is applicable to humans but indistinguishable from punishment. The (...)
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  12.  13
    From a Pinch to an Open Hand: Appeals to the Evolution of Cooperation in Contemporary Political Thought.Joshua Hordern - 2013 - Studies in Christian Ethics 26 (2):140-151.
    This article considers the political significance of game theoretical notions of cooperation by responding theologically to the writings of David Willetts, a minister in the UK government. The argument is that the forms of cooperative institutional life which societies require can be neither explained nor planned for solely by mathematical modelling of rational self-interest. What altruistic, civic cooperation depends upon is a complex web of affective trust, often theologically formed by open-handed faith rather than a self-protective pinch, so (...)
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  13.  24
    The Importance of Social Learning in the Evolution of Cooperation and Communication.Willem Zuidema - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):283-284.
    The new emphasis that Rachlin gives to social learning is welcome, because its role in the emergence of altruism and communication is often underestimated. However, Rachlin's account is underspecified and therefore not satisfactory. I argue that recent computational models of the evolution of language show an alternative approach and present an appealing perspective on the evolution and acquisition of a complex, altruistic behavior like syntactic language.
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  14.  21
    Why the Proximate–Ultimate Distinction Is Misleading, and Why It Matters for Understanding the Evolution of Cooperation.Brett Calcott - 2013 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press. pp. 249.
  15. When Does Optional Participation Allow the Evolution of Cooperation?Robert Boyd - unknown
    Altruistic punishment has been shown to invade when rare if individuals are allowed to opt out of cooperative ventures. Individuals that opt out do not contribute to the common enterprise or derive benefits from it. This result is potentially significant because it offers an explanation for the origin of large-scale cooperation in oneshot interactions among unrelated individuals. Here, we show that this result is not a general consequence of optional participation in cooperative activities, but depends on special assumptions about (...)
     
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  16.  4
    10 What We Don't Know About the Evolution of Cooperation In.Deborah M. Gordon - 2013 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press. pp. 195.
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  17. What We Don’T Know About the Evolution of Cooperation in Animals.Deborah M. Gordon - 2013 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press.
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  18.  57
    Cultural Evolution of Human Cooperation.Peter Richerson - manuscript
    Evolutionary theory relevant to the question of human cooperation is reviewed and compared to other theoretical perspectives. A compound explanation is distilled as a plausible account of human cooperation and selfishness. This account leans heavily on group selection on cultural variation but also includes lower-level forces driven by both micro-scale cooperation and purely selfish motives. It is proposed that innate aspects of human social psychology coevolved with group-selected cultural institutions to produce just the kinds of social and (...)
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  19. Cultural Evolution of Human Cooperation.Rob Boyd - manuscript
    We review the evolutionary theory relevant to the question of human cooperation and compare the results to other theoretical perspectives. Then, we summarize some of our work distilling a compound explanation that we believe gives a plausible account of human cooperation and selfishness. This account leans heavily on group selection on cultural variation but also includes lower-level forces driven by both microscale cooperation and purely selfish motives. We propose that innate aspects of human social psychology coevolved with (...)
     
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  20.  21
    The Co‐Evolution of Cooperation and Complexity in a Multi‐Player, Local‐Interaction Prisoners' Dilemma.Peter S. Albin & Duncan K. Foley - 2001 - Complexity 6 (3):54-63.
  21.  10
    The Evolution of Cooperation in Hostile Environments.William Harms - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Skyrms describes how evolutionary models are helping us understand unselfish or cooperative behaviour in humans and animals. Mechanisms which can stabilize cooperative behaviour are sensitive to population densities, however. This creates the need for agent-based evolutionary models which depict individual interactions, spatial locations, and stochastic effects. One such model suggests that hostile environments may provide conditions conducive to the emergence and stabilization of cooperative behaviour. In particular, simulations show that random extinctions can keep population densities low, provide ongoing colonization opportunities, (...)
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  22.  36
    Why Be Nice? Psychological Constraints on the Evolution of Cooperation.Jeffrey R. Stevens & Marc D. Hauser - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):60-65.
  23.  5
    Influence of Network Structure on Evolution of Cooperation.Ei Tsukamoto, Makoto Uchida & Susumu Shirayama - 2009 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 24:397-404.
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  24.  39
    Culture and the Evolution of Human Cooperation.Robert Boyd & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
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  25.  6
    Correction and Republication: Influence of Network Structure on Evolution of Cooperation.Ei Tsukamoto, Makoto Uchida & Susumu Shirayama - 2009 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 24:437-437.
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  26.  5
    Influence of Network Structure on Evolution of Cooperation.Ei Tsukamoto, Makoto Uchida & Susumu Shirayama - 2009 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 24:438-445.
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  27.  24
    Social Play Behaviour. Cooperation, Fairness, Trust, and the Evolution of Morality.Marc Bekoff - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (2):81-90.
    Here I briefly discuss some comparative data on social play behaviour in hope of broadening the array of species in which researchers attempt to study animal morality. I am specifically concerned with the notion of ‘behaving fairly'. In the term ‘behaving fairly’ I use as a working guide the notion that animals often have social expectations when they engage in various sorts of social encounters the violation of which constitutes being treated unfairly because of a lapse in social etiquette. I (...)
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  28. The Biological Evolution of Cooperation and Trust.Patrick Bateson - 1988 - In Diego Gambetta (ed.), Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations. Blackwell. pp. 14--30.
     
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  29.  4
    Stochasticity, Selection, and the Evolution of Cooperation in a Two-Level Moran Model of the Snowdrift Game.Brian McLoone, Wai-Tong Louis Fan, Adam Pham, Rory Smead & Laurence Loewe - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-14.
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  30.  3
    The Evolution of Cooperation.Ellen Clarke - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 67:59-67.
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  31.  4
    The Evolution of Cooperation on the Internet.Adi Livnat & Marcus W. Feldman - 2001 - Complexity 6 (6):19-23.
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  32.  6
    Cooperation on Multiple Scales: Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation Peter Hammerstein, Editor Cambridge, MA : MIT Press , 2003 (485 + Xiv Pp; $47.00 Hbk; ISBN 0-262-08326-4). [REVIEW]Don Ross - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):428-430.
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  33. Rober Axelrod, "The Evolution of Cooperation". [REVIEW]George C. Homans - 1985 - Theory and Society 14 (6):893.
     
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  34. How Models Fail. A Critical Look at the History of Computer Simulations of the Evolution of Cooperation.Catrin Misselhorn (ed.) - 2015 - Springer.
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  35. Peter Hammerstein, Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation.D. Ross - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):428.
     
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  36.  16
    The Evolution of Speech: Vision, Rhythm, Cooperation.Asif A. Ghazanfar & Daniel Y. Takahashi - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (10):543-553.
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  37.  3
    Sarah Coakley and Martin Nowak. Eds. Evolution, Games, and God: The Principle of Cooperation.RebekkaA Klein - 2017 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 4 (1):118-121.
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  38.  2
    The Empirical Evidence That Does Not Support Cultural Group Selection Models for the Evolution of Human Cooperation.Shakti Lamba - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  39.  2
    Historical Overview To See Why Cooperation and Altruism Pose a Prob-Lem for Evolutionary Theory, Consider the Evolution of a Nonsocial Adaptation, Such as Cryptic Color-Ation. Imagine a Population of Moths That Vary In.David Sloan Wilson - 2001 - In C. W. Fox D. A. Roff (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies.
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  40.  1
    Review of "Cooperation and its Evolution". [REVIEW]Ryan Marshall Felder - 2015 - Essays in Philosophy 16 (2):323-338.
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  41. Generalization and the Experience of Obligations as Externally Imposed: Distinct Contributors to the Evolution of Human Cooperation.Elizabeth O'Neill - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  42.  34
    The Evolution of Punishment.Hisashi Nakao & Edouard Machery - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (6):833-850.
    Many researchers have assumed that punishment evolved as a behavior-modification strategy, i.e. that it evolved because of the benefits resulting from the punishees modifying their behavior. In this article, however, we describe two alternative mechanisms for the evolution of punishment: punishment as a loss-cutting strategy (punishers avoid further exploitation by punishees) and punishment as a cost-imposing strategy (punishers impair the violator’s capacity to harm the punisher or its genetic relatives). Through reviewing many examples of punishment in a wide range (...)
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  43.  16
    The Fruits of Contradiction: Evolution, Cooperation and Ethics in an Inter-Religious Context.Daniel H. Weiss - 2013 - Studies in Christian Ethics 26 (2):186-195.
  44.  3
    The Evolution and Development of Human Cooperation.Federica Amici - 2015 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 16 (3):383-418.
  45.  3
    The Evolution and Development of Human Cooperation.Federica Amici - 2015 - Interaction Studies 16 (3):383-418.
  46.  19
    The Philosophy of Social Evolution.Jonathan Birch - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    From mitochondria to meerkats, the natural world is full of spectacular examples of social behaviour. In the early 1960s W. D. Hamilton changed the way we think about how such behaviour evolves. He introduced three key innovations - now known as Hamilton's rule, kin selection, and inclusive fitness - and his pioneering work kick-started a research program now known as social evolution theory. This is a book about the philosophical foundations and future prospects of that program.
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  47.  25
    The Cultural Evolution of Emergent Group-Level Traits.Paul E. Smaldino - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):243-254.
  48.  10
    The Evolution of Anisogamy: More Questions Than Answers.Marion Blute - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (1):3-9.
    Despite a revived interest in explaining the evolution of anisogamy in recent years (i.e. different—micro and macrogametes), there remain more questions than answers. The topic is important because it is thought to be the foundation of the theory of gender differences and relations. Twelve of these questions are briefly reviewed here—(1) the distinction between sex and sexual types; (2) the distinction between mating types and anisogamy; (3) the possible role of ecological as well as social evolution in proto-gender (...)
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  49. A Mutualistic Approach to Morality: The Evolution of Fairness by Partner Choice.Nicolas Baumard, Jean-Baptiste André & Dan Sperber - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):59-122.
    What makes humans moral beings? This question can be understood either as a proximate question or as an ultimate question. The question is about the mental and social mechanisms that produce moral judgments and interactions, and has been investigated by psychologists and social scientists. The question is about the fitness consequences that explain why humans have morality, and has been discussed by evolutionary biologists in the context of the evolution of cooperation. Our goal here is to contribute to (...)
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  50. Strong Reciprocity, Human Cooperation, and the Enforcement of Social Norms.Ernst Fehr, Urs Fischbacher & Simon Gächter - 2002 - Human Nature 13 (1):1-25.
    This paper provides strong evidence challenging the self-interest assumption that dominates the behavioral sciences and much evolutionary thinking. The evidence indicates that many people have a tendency to voluntarily cooperate, if treated fairly, and to punish noncooperators. We call this behavioral propensity “strong reciprocity” and show empirically that it can lead to almost universal cooperation in circumstances in which purely self-interested behavior would cause a complete breakdown of cooperation. In addition, we show that people are willing to punish (...)
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