Results for 'exemplar'

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  1. The Exemplar Approach to Science and Religion.Seungbae Park - 2019 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 6 (2):183–194.
    We can judge whether some activities are scientific or religious, depending on how similar they are to exemplar scientific activities or to exemplar religious activities, even if we cannot specify the necessary and sufficient conditions for science and religion. The absence of the demarcation between science and religion does not justify the school policy of teaching the creationist hypothesis that God created the universe any more than it justifies the religious policy of teaching evolutionary theory, quantum mechanics, and (...)
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  2.  29
    Plato’s Geach Talks to Socrates: Definition by Example-and-Exemplar in the Hippias Major.Vasilis Politis - 2018 - Phronesis 63 (3):223-228.
    _ Source: _Volume 63, Issue 3, pp 223 - 228 The paper argues that Plato, in the _Hippias Major_ gives due consideration to the question whether, for some qualities F, such as beauty, it is possible to give an account of what F is by pointing to an example-and-exemplar. He takes seriously, and gives cogent reasons in defense of, an affirmative answer to this question in a manner comparable to Geach—although he argues that these reasons lead to inconsistency, if (...)
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  3.  26
    Multilevel Exemplar Theory.Michael Walsh, Bernd Möbius, Travis Wade & Hinrich Schütze - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):537-582.
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  4.  20
    Selection Strategies for Eight Concept Rules with Exemplar and Nonexemplar Start Cards: A Within-Subjects Replication.Leonard M. Giambra - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):143-145.
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  5.  97
    Organizational Factors Encouraging Ethical Decision Making: An Exploration Into the Case of an Exemplar.Shannon Bowen - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (4):311-324.
    What factors in the organizational culture of an ethically exemplary corporation are responsible for encouraging ethical decision making? This question was analyzed through an exploratory case study of a top pharmaceutical company that is a global leader in ethics. The participating organization is renowned in public opinion polls of ethics, credibility, and trust. This research explored organizational culture, communication in issues management and public relations, management theory, and deontological or utilitarian moral philosophy as factors that might encourage ethical analysis. Our (...)
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  6.  16
    Ethical Professional Identity and the Development of Moral Exemplar Collegiate Coaches.Maya G. B. Hamilton & Nicole M. LaVoi - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (2):114-128.
    Coaches have the potential to influence athletes’ moral development, especially at the collegiate level—a powerful period of growth in young adults’ lives. As central agents in athlete moral education, coaches’ moral development and understanding of professionalism is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of the ethical professional identity development of sport coaches. In-depth interviews based on moral exemplar and moral identity development theories were conducted with NCAA Division-I collegiate head coaches in the United States (...)
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  7.  26
    The Aristotelian Spoudaios as Ethical Exemplar in Finnis's Natural Law Theory.George Duke - 2013 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 58 (2):183-204.
    One provocative but frequently overlooked feature of John Finnis’s natural law theory is its appeal to the normative role of the Aristotelian spoudaios (the mature person of practical reasonableness). Finnis’s account of the basic requirements of practical reasonableness and defense of the methodological device of “focal meaning” both have recourse to Aristotle’s claim that, in ethics and politics, things should be judged in terms of how they appear to the mature practically reasonable person. The current paper examines the normative role (...)
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  8. Friedrich Schiller on Republican Virtue and the Tragic Exemplar.J. Church - 2014 - European Journal of Political Theory 13 (1):95-118.
    Scholars have recently argued that Friedrich Schiller makes a signal contribution to republican political theory in his view of “aesthetic education,” which offers a means of elevating self-interest to virtue. However, though this education is lauded in theory, it has been denigrated as implausible, irresponsible, or dangerous in practice. This paper argues that the criticisms rest on a faulty assumption that artistic objects constitute the sole substance of this “aesthetic education.” Through a reading of Schiller’s work throughout the 1790s, I (...)
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  9.  14
    Medical Diagnosis: An Exemplar of Diachronic Inference?David Pilgrim - 2018 - Journal of Critical Realism 17 (5):449-465.
    ABSTRACTMedical diagnosis is sometimes used by critical realists and others as an exemplar of a form of inference across time in which a current empirical observation points backwards to the conditions of its emergence and forwards to a possible future outcome or progression. Accordingly, its practice warrants critical exploration to confirm its legitimacy as a philosophical reference point. The strengths and weakness of the exemplar are appraised using case brief case studies. The limitations of medical diagnosis are discussed (...)
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  10.  2
    The Experience of Difference: Re-Thinking the EDSA Revolution as an Exemplar of Ascending Life.Raniel Sta Maria Reyes - 2013 - Tattva - Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):91-110.
    Does talking about the triumph of the 1986 People Power EDSA Revolution still make sense nowadays? When the ideals of this glorious revolution are now nothing but contents of Philippine history textbooks and items of the culture industry, do we still need to re-imagine it? These are some of the reflective questions that will challenge and guide this paper‟s architecture. In what follows, the author will push all the possibilities for a Nietzschean re- thinking of the EDSA Revolution as “ (...)
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  11.  32
    Os dois sentidos da crítica nietzscheana: Sócrates como um caso exemplar.Ana Carolina da Costa E. Fonseca - 2012 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 57 (1).
    Toma-se a crítica de Nietzsche a Sócrates como um caso exemplar que mostra os dois sentidos fundamentais da crítica nietzscheana: (i) a crítica nietzscheana consiste em censura e em elogio de modo dual, ou seja, censura e elogio são aspectos da crítica; e (ii) ao criticar alguém, Nietzsche está, igualmente, se autocriticando.
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  12.  45
    Category-Specific Deficits and Exemplar Models.Koen Lamberts - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):484-485.
    Although Humphreys & Forde's HIT provides a comprehensive account of category-specific deficits, standard models of categorization and identification may also be able to explain many aspects of such deficits. The assumptions of an exemplar-based account of category- specific deficits are presented, and it is argued that exemplar models may be able to explain key findings on impaired object identification and categorization.
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  13.  36
    Aquinas on the Divine Ideas as Exemplar Causes (Review).Antoine Côté - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 624-625.
    The author’s purpose is to understand the role divine ideas play as causal principles in Aquinas’s philosophy. His contention is that, although Thomas’s doctrine of ideas is perhaps not the key to an understanding of his metaphysics, it is certainly “ a key to such an understanding” .The book is divided into six chapters. The first chapter seeks to provide a general definition of divine ideas according to Aquinas. Divine ideas are exemplar causes in the likeness of which God (...)
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  14.  23
    The Metamorphoses of the ?Exemplar?Franco Zambelloni - 2000 - AI and Society 14 (3-4):379-394.
    The starting point of this work isthe artificial, as defined in a previous study by Massimo Negrotti and, more completely, in the essay presented here, as a machine which reproduces the essential performance of some natural subsystem that serves as an exemplar, at a chosen level of observation . I assume also Negrotti's distinction between the technology of the artificial and conventional technology. These theoretic assumptions, and the relevant terminology, represent here the starting point for a reflection upon the (...)
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  15.  13
    Guilherme de Ockham: contra a Ideia como exemplar.Carolina Julieta Fernández - 2010 - Discurso 40 (40):183-206.
    Guilherme de Ockham: contra a Ideia como exemplar.
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  16.  10
    An Empirical Method for the Study of Exemplar Explanations.Mads Goddiksen - 2014 - In Hanne Andersen, Nancy J. Nersessian & Susann Wagenknecht (eds.), Empirical Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag.
    The most common way of studying explanations in philosophy of science and science education is through case studies. Recently these have been supplemented with studies based on empirical methods. This chapter provides an empirical method for collecting and comparing exemplar explanations across scientific disciplines with the aim of exposing possible qualitative differences between them. The method is based on the use of science textbooks as sources of explanations. I discuss a number of possible strategies for identifying explanations in these (...)
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  17.  8
    British Guild Socialist and the Exemplar of the Panama Canal.Kevin Morgan - 2007 - History of Political Thought 28 (1):120-157.
    This article describes how the building of the Panama Canal by the US military in 1904-14 was used within the socialist movement as an exemplar of socialist labour organization. Focussing on the British guild socialist, S.G. Hobson, it demonstrates the survival into guild socialism of Fabian ideas of the inevitability of large-scale enterprise, organizational hierarchy and the indispensability of the expert. It also reveals a militarist inflexion which is here traced to sources including Fourier, Ruskin, Bellamy and Wells. This (...)
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  18. "Philosophos Agonistes": Nietzsche as Exemplar and Educator.Christa Davis Acampora - 1997 - Dissertation, Emory University
    Throughout his writings Nietzsche suggests that battles waged with and for the benefit of readers and pupils are to take a form analogous to a Greek agon, a contest. The early Nietzsche anticipates a transfiguration of culture that will be brought about by means of agonistic institutions through which greatness will be cultivated in competition. Nietzsche identifies this mode of activity as healthy human striving, as an affirmative way of claiming human meaning, and as a creative process of individual and (...)
     
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  19. Exemplar Causality as Similitudo Aequivoca in Peter Auriol.Chiara Paladini - 2018 - In Jacopo Falà & Irene Zavattero (eds.), Divine Ideas in Franciscan Thought (XIIIth-XIVth century). pp. 203-238.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss the theory of exemplary causality of Peter Auriol (1280-1322). Until at least the late 13th century, medieval authors claim that the world is orderly and intelligible because God created it according to the models existing eternally in his mind (i.e. divine ideas). Auriol challenges the view of his predecessors and contemporaries. He argues that assuming divine ideas amounts to assuming multiplicity in God and therefore questioning the principle of his absolute simplicity. To (...)
     
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  20.  28
    Kuhn E a Noção de 'Exemplar'.Paulo Abrantes - 1998 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 2 (1):61-102.
    In this paper I argue that Kuhn's analysis of the role played by 'exemplars' in normal science should be considered one of his most important contributions to the Philosophy of Science. The paper makes a detailed analysis of the relationship between the various elements of a 'disciplinary matrix'- empirical generalizations, models and exemplars - starting with Kuhn's views as exposed in various of his books and papers. Kuhn's analysis is investigated in the context of the discussions, in the 50s and (...)
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  21. Dynamic Mechanistic Explanation: Computational Modeling of Circadian Rhythms as an Exemplar for Cognitive Science.William Bechtel & Adele Abrahamsen - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):321-333.
    Two widely accepted assumptions within cognitive science are that (1) the goal is to understand the mechanisms responsible for cognitive performances and (2) computational modeling is a major tool for understanding these mechanisms. The particular approaches to computational modeling adopted in cognitive science, moreover, have significantly affected the way in which cognitive mechanisms are understood. Unable to employ some of the more common methods for conducting research on mechanisms, cognitive scientists’ guiding ideas about mechanism have developed in conjunction with their (...)
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  22.  20
    ALCOVE: An Exemplar-Based Connectionist Model of Category Learning.John K. Kruschke - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):22-44.
  23.  2
    An Exemplar-Based Random Walk Model of Speeded Classification.Robert M. Nosofsky & Thomas J. Palmeri - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (2):266-300.
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  24. John T. Flynn: Exemplar of the Old Right.Justin Raimondo - 1992 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 10 (2):107-125.
     
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  25. The Downs and Ups of Mechanistic Research: Circadian Rhythm Research as an Exemplar[REVIEW]William Bechtel - 2010 - Erkenntnis 73 (3):313 - 328.
    In the context of mechanistic explanation, reductionistic research pursues a decomposition of complex systems into their component parts and operations. Using research on the mechanisms responsible for circadian rhythms, I consider both the gains that have been made by discovering genes and proteins that figure in these intracellular oscillators and also highlight the increasingly recognized need to understand higher-level integration, both between cells in the central oscillator and between the central and peripheral oscillators. This history illustrates a common need to (...)
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  26. Alcove-an Exemplar-Based Connectionist Model of Category Learning.Jk Kruschke & Rm Nosofsky - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):475-475.
  27. Decomposing and Localizing Vision: An Exemplar for Cognitive Neuroscience.William P. Bechtel - 2001 - In William P. Bechtel, Pete Mandik, Jennifer Mundale & Robert S. Stufflebeam (eds.), Philosophy and the Neurosciences: A Reader. Blackwell. pp. 225--249.
  28.  15
    Short-Term Memory Scanning Viewed as Exemplar-Based Categorization.Robert M. Nosofsky, Daniel R. Little, Christopher Donkin & Mario Fific - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):280-315.
  29.  2
    Precision Medicine Research: An Exception or An Exemplar?Emily A. Largent - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):149-151.
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  30.  6
    Exemplar Effects in Categorization and Multiple-Cue Judgment.Peter Juslin, Henrik Olsson & Anna-Carin Olsson - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):133.
  31.  28
    From Exemplar to Grammar: A Probabilistic Analogy‐Based Model of Language Learning.Rens Bod - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (5):752-793.
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  32.  3
    Exemplar-Based Model of Social Judgment.Eliot R. Smith & Michael A. Zárate - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):3-21.
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  33.  9
    Pillars of Judgment: How Memory Abilities Affect Performance in Rule-Based and Exemplar-Based Judgments.Janina A. Hoffmann, Bettina von Helversen & Jörg Rieskamp - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (6):2242-2261.
  34.  19
    Performing Bayesian Inference with Exemplar Models.Lei Shi, Naomi H. Feldman & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 745--750.
  35.  91
    Spinoza as an Exemplar of Foucault’s Spirituality and Technologies of the Self.Christopher Davidson - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (2):111-146.
    Practices of the self are prominent in Spinoza, both in the Ethics and On the Emendation of the Intellect. The same can be said of Descartes, e.g., his Discourse on the Method. What, if anything, distinguishes their practices of the self? Michel Foucault’s concept of “spirituality” isolates how Spinoza ’s practices are relatively unusual in the early modern era. Spirituality, as defined by Foucault in The Hermeneutics of the Subject, requires changes in the ethical subject before one can begin philosophizing, (...)
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  36. Life Without Theory: Biography as an Exemplar of Philosophical Understanding.Ray Monk - unknown
    This article discusses recent attempts to provide the genre of biography with a philosophical, theoretical foundation and attempts to show that such efforts are fundamentally misguided. Biography is, I argue, a profoundly nontheoretical activity, and this, precisely, makes it philosophically interesting. Instead of looking to philosophy to provide a theory of biography, we should, I maintain, look to biography to provide a crucially important example and model of what Ludwig Wittgenstein called "the kind of understanding that consists in seeing connections." (...)
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  37. Structured Imagination-the Role of Category Structure in Exemplar Generation.T. B. Ward - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):505-505.
     
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  38.  17
    3 From Paradigm to Disciplinary Matrix and Exemplar.James A. Marcum - 2012 - In Vasō Kintē & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Kuhn's the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Routledge. pp. 41.
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  39.  4
    Introduction: The Role of the Exemplar in Arendt and Spinoza: Insights for Moral Exemplarism and Moral Education.Johan Dahlbeck & Morten Timmermann Korsgaard - 2020 - Ethics and Education 15 (2):135-143.
    ABSTRACTIn late October of 2019, we brought together scholars from very different traditions in order to explore the notion of exemplarity and the role of exemplars in education. Bringing together scholars working on ethics and moral exemplarism, Spinoza scholars and Arendt scholars, we attempted to bring these different perspectives to bear on the role of exemplarity in education. Not in order to create a synthesis of ideas or to find solutions for practical issues, but in order to explore collegially the (...)
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  40.  5
    Tests of an Exemplar-Memory Model of Classification Learning in a High-Dimensional Natural-Science Category Domain.Robert M. Nosofsky, Craig A. Sanders & Mark A. McDaniel - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (3):328-353.
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  41.  29
    Jesus as an Exemplar of Faith in the New Testament.Dale Tuggy - 2017 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 81 (1-2):171-191.
    Roman Catholic theologians long denied that Jesus had faith in God, and Jesus having faith in God seems in conflict with traditional claims that Jesus is fully divine. What the New Testament means by “faith” is explored, and in light of this we consider arguments from orthodox Incarnation theory to the conclusion that Jesus did not have and could not have had faith in God. Relevantly, the New Testament clearly asserts in five ways that Jesus had faith in God. This (...)
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  42.  64
    Exemplar Reasoning About Biological Models and Diseases: A Relation Between the Philosophy of Medicine and Philosophy of Science.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1986 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):63-80.
    the structure of medical science with a special focus on the role of generalizations and universals in medicine, and (2) philosophy of medicine's relation with the philosophy of science. I argue that a usually overlooked aspect of Kuhnian paradigms, namely, their characteristic of being "exemplars", is of considerable significance in the biomedical sciences. This significance rests on certain important differences from the physical sciences in the nature of theories in the basic and the clinical medical sciences. I describe those differences (...)
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  43.  8
    In Duobus Modis: Is Exemplar Causality Instrumental According to Aquinas?John Meinert - 2014 - New Blackfriars 95 (1055):57-70.
  44.  23
    Exemplar Similarity and Rule Application.Ulrike Hahn, Mercè Prat-Sala, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Duncan P. Brumby - 2010 - Cognition 114 (1):1-18.
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  45.  86
    What Good Are Facts? The “Drug” Value of Money as an Exemplar of All Non-Instrumental Value.George Ainslie - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):176-177.
    An emotional value for money is clearly demonstrable beyond its value for getting goods, but this value need not be ascribed to human preparedness for altruism or play. Emotion is a motivated process, and our temptation to “overgraze” positive emotions selects for emotional patterns that are paced by adequately rare occasions. As a much-competed-for tool, money makes an excellent occasion for emotional reward – a prize with value beyond its tool value – but this is true also of the other (...)
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  46.  6
    On Exemplar-Based Exemplar Representations: Reply to Ennis.Robert M. Nosofsky - 1988 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 117 (4):412-414.
  47.  24
    Locating a Space for Ethics to Appear in Decision-Making: Privacy as an Exemplar[REVIEW]William Bonner - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):221 - 234.
    Using concepts from Ulrich Beck’s Risk Society, this paper argues that as expertise proliferates questions of ethics in decision-making fall through gaps between domains of expertise. As a consequence, unethical outcomes are unattached to actions taken with no one accountable or responsible for these outcomes. Using Actor-Network Theory (ANT), a case study is presented showing how the sale of students’ personal information by the Calgary Board of Education (CBE) escaped questions of ethics. The sale of student information was the product (...)
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  48.  21
    When is It Legitimate to Use Images in Moral Arguments? The Use of Foetal Imagery in Anti-Abortion Campaigns as an Exemplar of an Illegitimate Instance of a Legitimate Practice.Lindsay Kelland & Catriona Macleod - 2015 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 41 (2):179-195.
    We aim to interrogate when the use of images in moral persuasion is legitimate. First, we put forward a number of accounts which purport to show that we can use tools other than logical argumentation to convince others, that such tools evoke affective responses and that these responses have authority in the moral domain. Second, we turn to Sarah McGrath’s account, which focuses on the use of imagery as a means to morally persuade. McGrath discusses 4 objections to the use (...)
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  49.  18
    The Use of Cost-Effectiveness by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE): No(T yet an) Exemplar of a Deliberative Process.M. Schlander - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (7):534-539.
    Democratic societies find it difficult to reach consensus concerning principles for healthcare distribution in the face of resource constraints. At the same time the need for legitimacy of allocation decisions has been recognised. Against this background, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) aspires to meet the principles of procedural justice, specifically the conditions of accountability for reasonableness as espoused by Daniels and Sabin, that is, publicity, relevance, revisions and appeal, and enforcement. Although NICE has adopted a highly (...)
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  50. Da contestação à conversão: a punição exemplar dos réus da Conjuração Baiana de 1798.Patrícia Valim - 2009 - Topoi: Revista de História 10 (18):14-23.
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