Results for 'experiment'

999 found
Order:
  1. Fate of the Flying Man: Medieval Reception of Avicenna's Thought Experiment.Juhana Toivanen - 2015 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 3:64-98.
    This chapter discusses the reception of Avicenna’s well-known “flying man” thought experiment in twelfth- and thirteenth-century Latin philosophy. The central claim is that the argumentative role of the thought experiment changed radically in the latter half of the thirteenth century. The earlier authors—Dominicus Gundissalinus, William of Auvergne, Peter of Spain, and John of la Rochelle—understood it as an ontological proof for the existence and/or the nature of the soul. By contrast, Matthew of Aquasparta and Vital du Four used (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  2.  66
    Individuality, Quasi-Sets and the Double-Slit Experiment.Adonai S. Sant'Anna - forthcoming - Quantum Studies: Mathematics and Foundations.
    Quasi-set theory $\cal Q$ allows us to cope with certain collections of objects where the usual notion of identity is not applicable, in the sense that $x = x$ is not a formula, if $x$ is an arbitrary term. $\cal Q$ was partially motivated by the problem of non-individuality in quantum mechanics. In this paper I discuss the range of explanatory power of $\cal Q$ for quantum phenomena which demand some notion of indistinguishability among quantum objects. My main focus is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. “Empiricism Contra Experiment: Harvey, Locke and the Revisionist View of Experimental Philosophy”.Alan Salter & Charles T. Wolfe - 2009 - Bulletin d'histoire et d'épistémologie des sciences de la vie 16 (2):113-140.
    In this paper we suggest a revisionist perspective on two significant figures in early modern life science and philosophy: William Harvey and John Locke. Harvey, the discoverer of the circulation of the blood, is often named as one of the rare representatives of the ‘life sciences’ who was a major figure in the Scientific Revolution. While this status itself is problematic, we would like to call attention to a different kind of problem: Harvey dislikes abstraction and controlled experiments (aside from (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  4. Experiment.Uljana Feest & Friedrich Steinle - 2016 - In Paul Humphreys (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 274-295.
    The authors provide an overview of philosophical discussions about the roles of experiment in science. First, they cover two approaches that took shape under the heading of “new experimentalism” in the 1980s and 1990s. One approach was primarily concerned with questions about entity realism, robustness, and epistemological strategies. The other has focused on exploratory experiments and the dynamic processes of experimental research as such, highlighting its iterative nature and drawing out the ways in which such research is grounded in (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  5.  15
    The Epistemic Superiority of Experiment to Simulation.Sherrilyn Roush - 2018 - Synthese 195 (11):4883-4906.
    This paper defends the naïve thesis that the method of experiment has per se an epistemic superiority over the method of computer simulation, a view that has been rejected by some philosophers writing about simulation, and whose grounds have been hard to pin down by its defenders. I further argue that this superiority does not come from the experiment’s object being materially similar to the target in the world that the investigator is trying to learn about, as both (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  6.  49
    The Theory-Ladenness of Experiment.Allan Franklin - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):155-166.
    Theory-ladenness is the view that observation cannot function in an unbiased way in the testing of theories because observational judgments are affected by the theoretical beliefs of the observer. Its more radical cousin, incommensurability, argues that because there is no theory-neutral language, paradigms, or worldviews, cannot be compared because in different paradigms the meaning of observational terms is different, even when the word used is the same. There are both philosophical and practical components to these problems. I argue, using a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7.  25
    Stretching the Traditional Notion of Experiment in Computing: Explorative Experiments.Viola Schiaffonati - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (3):647-665.
    Experimentation represents today a ‘hot’ topic in computing. If experiments made with the support of computers, such as computer simulations, have received increasing attention from philosophers of science and technology, questions such as “what does it mean to do experiments in computer science and engineering and what are their benefits?” emerged only recently as central in the debate over the disciplinary status of the discipline. In this work we aim at showing, also by means of paradigmatic examples, how the traditional (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  8. How to Reconstruct a Thought Experiment.Marek Picha - 2011 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18 (2):154-188.
    The paper is a contribution to the debate on the epistemological status of thought experiments. I deal with the epistemological uniqueness of experiments in the sense of their irreducibility to other sources of justification. In particular, I criticize an influential argument for the irreducibility of thought experiments to general arguments. First, I introduce the radical empiricist theory of eliminativism, which considers thought experiments to be rhetorically modified arguments, uninteresting from the epistemological point of view. Second, I present objections to the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9. A Thought Experiment of Cross-Cultural Comparison. The Question of Rationality.Mona Mamulea - 2012 - Cercetări Filosofico-Psihologice 4 (2):105-114.
    David Bloor’s thought experiment is taken into consideration to suggest that the rationality of the Other cannot be inferred by way of argument for the reason that it is unavoidably contained as a hidden supposition by any argument engaged in proving it. We are able to understand a different culture only as far as we recognize in it the same kind of rationality that works in our own culture. Another kind of rationality is either impossible, or indiscernible.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  11
    The Epistemic Superiority of Experiment to Simulation.Sherrilyn Roush - 2018 - Synthese 195 (11):4883-4906.
    This paper defends the naïve thesis that the method of experiment has per se an epistemic superiority over the method of computer simulation, a view that has been rejected by some philosophers writing about simulation, and whose grounds have been hard to pin down by its defenders. I further argue that this superiority does not come from the experiment’s object being materially similar to the target in the world that the investigator is trying to learn about, as both (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Kant on Experiment.Alberto Vanzo - 2012 - In James Maclaurin (ed.), Rationis Defensor. Springer. pp. 75-96.
    This paper discusses Immanuel Kant’s views on the role of experiments in natural science, focusing on their relationship with hypotheses, laws of nature, and the heuristic principles of scientific enquiry. Kant’s views are contrasted with the philosophy of experiment that was first sketched by Francis Bacon and later developed by Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke. Kant holds that experiments are always designed and carried out in the light of hypotheses. Hypotheses are derived from experience on the basis of a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12. Nonlocal “Realistic” Leggett Models Can Be Considered Refuted by the Before-Before Experiment.Antoine Suarez - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (6):583-589.
    Nonlocal “realistic” Leggett models can be considered refuted by the before-before experiment. “Single preferred frame” models are not refuted by this experiment but bear severe oddities.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13.  41
    The Crucial Experiment of Wilhelm Johannsen.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):303-329.
    I call an experiment “crucial” when it makes possible a decisive choice between conflicting hypotheses. Joharmsen's selection for size and weight within pure lines of beans played a central role in the controversy over continuity or discontinuity in hereditary change, often known as the Biometrician-Mendelian controversy. The “crucial” effect of this experiment was not an instantaneous event, but an extended process of repeating similar experiments and discussing possible objections. It took years before Johannsen's claim about the genetic stability (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  14. On EPR-Type Entanglement in the Experiments of Scully Et Al. II. Insight in the Real Random Delayed-Choice Erasure Experiment.F. Herbut - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (3):301-312.
    It was pointed out in the first part of this study (Herbut in Found. Phys. 38:1046–1064, 2008) that EPR-type entanglement is defined by the possibility of performing any of two mutually incompatible distant, i.e., direct-interaction-free, measurements. They go together under the term ‘EPR-type disentanglement’. In this second part, quantum-mechanical insight is gained in the real random delayed-choice erasure experiment of Kim et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett. 84:1–5, 2000) by a relative-reality-of-unitarily-evolving-state (RRUES) approach (explained in the first part). Finally, it (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15. Influences on Students' Decisions to Report Cheating: A Laboratory Experiment[REVIEW]Iris Jenkel & Jason J. Haen - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (2):123-136.
    Abstract We use a controlled laboratory experiment design to test rational choice theory on student whistleblowing. We examine reporting costs by comparing actual reporting behavior under anonymous and non-anonymous reporting channels. Reporting benefits are explored by considering the influence on reporting of group versus individual reward systems. We find that the type of reporting channel does not significantly influence student reporting behavior. Rewarding students based on group test scores results in significantly higher reporting rates compared to a system rewarding (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  33
    The Alien-Hand Experiment.Jesper BrØsted SØrensen - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):73-90.
    This article reintroduces a phenomenological experiment designed in the early 1960’s, The Alien-Hand Experiment (TAHE), and it illustrates how phenomena denoted by theoretical concepts like body image, body schema and agency can be studied via the experiment. An analysis of the verbal reports from 26 subjects who participated in TAHE is presented in this article. Subjects were divided into three groups: A group of non-bulimic men, a group of non-bulimic women and a group of female bulimics. The (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17.  42
    The Changing Role of Scientific Experiment.Peeter Müürsepp - 2012 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):152-166.
    Practical realism is focused on the problem of how science really works. In the case of physics and chemistry, experiment is the centrepiece of scientific practice. The rapid development of contemporary natural science does not leave the experiment unaffected. The classical experiment is normally applied only to systems that can be considered structurally stable, repeatability being the key feature. After the introduction of the theoretical basis of irreversibility by Ilya Prigogine the essence of the experiment changed. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18. Experiment and Theory Building.Lydia Patton - 2012 - Synthese 184 (3):235-246.
    I examine the role of inference from experiment in theory building. What are the options open to the scientific community when faced with an experimental result that appears to be in conflict with accepted theory? I distinguish, in Laudan's (1977), Nickels's (1981), and Franklin's (1993) sense, between the context of pursuit and the context of justification of a scientific theory. Making this distinction allows for a productive middle position between epistemic realism and constructivism. The decision to pursue a new (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  19
    Narrative Constructions of Health Care Issues and Policies: The Case of President Clinton’s Apology-by-Proxy for the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment[REVIEW]Heather J. Carmack, Benjamin R. Bates & Lynn M. Harter - 2008 - Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (2):89-109.
    The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment (TSE) has shaped African Americans’ views of the American health care system, contributing to a reluctance to participate in biomedical research and a suspicion of the medical system. This essay examines public discourses surrounding President Clinton’s attempt to restore African Americans’ trust by apologizing for the TSE. Through a narrative reading, we illustrate the failure of this text as an attempt to reconcile the United States Public Health Service and the African American public. We conclude (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  54
    Reply to Comments of Steuernagel on the Afshar’s Experiment.Eduardo V. Flores - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (8):778-781.
    We respond to criticism of our paper “Paradox in Wave-Particle Duality for Non-Perturbative Measurements”. We disagree with Steuernagel’s derivation of the visibility of the Afshar experiment. To calculate the fringe visibility, Steuernagel utilizes two different experimental situations, i.e. the wire grid in the pattern minima and in the pattern maxima. In our assessment, this procedure cannot lead to the correct result for the complementarity properties of a wave-particle in one particular experimental set-up.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21. Towards a Coherent Theory of Physics and Mathematics: The Theory–Experiment Connection.Paul Benioff - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (11):1825-1856.
    The problem of how mathematics and physics are related at a foundational level is of interest. The approach taken here is to work towards a coherent theory of physics and mathematics together by examining the theory experiment connection. The role of an implied theory hierarchy and use of computers in comparing theory and experiment is described. The main idea of the paper is to tighten the theory experiment connection by bringing physical theories, as mathematical structures over C, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  36
    On Visibility in the Afshar Two-Slit Experiment.R. E. Kastner - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (10):1139-1144.
    A modified version of Young’s experiment by Shahriar Afshar indirectly reveals the presence of a fully articulated interference pattern prior to the post-selection of a particle in a “which-slit” basis. While this experiment does not constitute a violation of Bohr’s Complementarity Principle as claimed by Afshar, both he and many of his critics incorrectly assume that a commonly used relationship between visibility parameter V and “which-way” parameter K has crucial relevance to his experiment. It is argued here (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  44
    Inside the Camera Obscura. Kepler's Experiment and Theory of Optical Imagery.Sven Dupré - 2008 - Early Science and Medicine 13 (3):219-244.
    In his Paralipomena Johannes Kepler reported an experimentum that he had seen in the Dresden Kunstkammer. In one of the rooms there, which had been turned in its entirety into a camera obscura, he had witnessed the images formed by a lens. I discuss the role of this experiment in the development and foundation of his new theory of optical imagery, which made a distinction between two concepts of image, pictura and imago. My focus is on how Kepler used (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  78
    The Observer in the Quantum Experiment.Bruce Rosenblum & Fred Kuttner - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (8):1273-1293.
    A goal of most interpretations of quantum mechanics is to avoid the apparent intrusion of the observer into the measurement process. Such intrusion is usually seen to arise because observation somehow selects a single actuality from among the many possibilities represented by the wavefunction. The issue is typically treated in terms of the mathematical formulation of the quantum theory. We attempt to address a different manifestation of the quantum measurement problem in a theory-neutral manner. With a version of the two-slit (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  72
    Zum Verhältnis zwischen Experiment und Gedankenexperiment in den Naturwissenschaften.Marco Buzzoni - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (2):219-237.
    On the relation between experiment and thought experiment in the natural sciences. To understand the reciprocal autonomy and complementarity of thought and real experiment, it is necessary to distinguish between a ‘positive’ (empirical or formal) and a transcendental perspective. Empirically and formally, real and thought experiments are indistinguishable. However, from a reflexive-transcendental viewpoint thought experiment is at the same time irreducible and complementary to real experiment. This is due to the fact that the hypothetical-anticipatory moment (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  46
    Popper's Experiment Revisited.Sancho Pedro - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (5):789-805.
    Recently, there has been increasing theoretical and experimental interest in Popper's gedanken experiment. We calculate in this paper, using the path integral approach, the diffraction patterns predicted by quantum mechanics for this arrangement. The calculations confirm the narrowing of the width of the pattern in absence of the slit obtained experimentally by Kim and Shih (Y. Kim and Y. Shih, Found. Phys. 29, 1849 (1999)).
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  54
    Experiment to Test Whether We Live in a Four-Dimensional Physical Space–Time.Alexander Gersten - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (8):1445-1452.
    For quantum systems, whose energy ratios En/E0 are integers, and |E0| is the smallest energy, the time dependent wavefunctions and expectation values of time independent operators have time periodicitiy with a time period T equal to T = h/|E0|, where h is the Planck constant. This periodicity is imposed on the wavefunctions due to undersampling in energy, but following a similarity with aliasing in signal analysis, it may allow to probe future and past events under the condition that our world (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  55
    In Search of the Reason and the Right—Rousseau’s Social Contract as a Thought Experiment.Nenad Miscevic - 2013 - Acta Analytica 28 (4):509-526.
    For Rousseau, social contract is a hypothetical one; the paper claims that it is, in contemporary terms, a political thought-experiment (TE). The abductive way of thinking, looking for the best normative pattern in the data, finds its counterpart in the historical abduction in the Second Discourse; the analogy between the two secures the methodological unity of Rousseau’s political philosophy. The proposed reading of the work as a TE shows that it fulfills the necessary requirements put by (hopefully) intuitively acceptable (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  14
    The Obligation to Terminate A Medical Experiment – Analysis of Legal Regulations.Joanna Huzarska & Dorota Huzarska - 2017 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 52 (1):117-131.
    The purpose of the present discussion is to present, reflect upon, and evaluate the effective legal regulations concerning the obligation to terminate a medical experiment. The considerations made herein aim at providing an answer to the question whether the aforesaid legal regulations are clear and sufficient. The said analysis is based on the following source: The Act of 5 December 1996 concerning the Professions of General Practitioner and Dental Practitioner. The regulations concerning the obligation to discontinue a medical (...), both by the will of the participant and on the physician’s initiative, are of great importance owing to the fact that they guarantee protection of the patients taking part in the experimental study. The provisions implicitly oblige the physician to monitor the patients’ state of health and conduct constant assessment whether or not further carrying on the experiment is expedient and admissible. The legal regulations effective in Poland are explicit and sufficient. Their wording does not raise any considerable reservations. As it appears, the legislature managed to work out appropriate rules so as to minimize the danger zone for the participants of clinical tests and at the same time implement a guarantee that participants’ rights shall be respected. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  22
    The Qualities of Good Experiments: Allan Franklin: What Makes a Good Experiment? Reasons and Roles in Science. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2016, 372+Viiipp, $55 HB. [REVIEW]Adam Morton - 2016 - Metascience 25 (3):443-446.
    This is a very useful sourcebook of classic experiments, giving enough detail to show what is going on in each of them but discussing enough separate experiments that one can see a variety of experimental virtues. Franklin's attention to detail and his epistemological caution inhibit him from tackling some more adventurous questions. On what range of topics can we hope for evidence that is as convincing as this? Do essential aspects of experiment vary from one discipline to another?
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  32
    Footprints of "Experiment" in Early Arabic Optics.Elaheh Kheirandish - 2009 - Early Science and Medicine 14 (1-3):79-104.
    This study traces the early developments of the concept of experiment with a view of extending the subject in both content and approach. It extends the content of the subject slightly backward, prior to the methodological breakthroughs of the Optics of Ibn al-Haytham , which are credited as a "significant landmark in the history of experimental science." And it extends the approach to the subject slightly forward, from the premise that early science was "largely carried out in books," to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  28
    Experiment in the General Decision Problem.V. Ivanenko & V. Labkovskii - 2004 - Theory and Decision 57 (4):309-330.
    We consider an experiment that conducts observations on an uncertain parameter. Experiments observing a parameter with a stochastic uncertainty have been studied exhaustively and their characteristics have been described by many authors [see, e.g., De Groot, M. (1974), Optimal Statistical Decisions (Russian translation)]. In this article, we assume that uncertainty is generated by a mechanism which is “random in the broad sense” [a term introduced by Kolmogorov, A.N. (1986), in Probability Theory and Mathematical Statistics (in Russia), pp. 467–471]. Ivanenko, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  22
    A Case Study From the Post-New Deal State Agricultural Experiment Station System: A Life of Mixed Signals in Southern Illinois. [REVIEW]Joanna P. Ganning, Courtney G. Flint & Stephen Gasteyer - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (4):493-506.
    A wide literature in the sociology of agriculture has depicted the development of agricultural experiment stations at land grant colleges as part of a development project to improve agricultural productivity in particular commodities. Some experiment stations developed regional agricultural centers or stations to improve productivity and address local concerns, recognizing the importance of context in rural development. Through analysis of one such station, the Dixon Springs Agricultural Center in Southern Illinois, this paper describes how regional agricultural stations played (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  20
    The Effect of the Relative Motion of Atoms on the Frequency of the Emitted Light and the Reinterpretation of the Ives-Stilwell Experiment.C. I. Christov - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (6):575-584.
    We examine the process of the emission of light from an atom that is in a relative translational motion with respect to the medium at rest in which the electromagnetic excitations propagate. The effect of Lorentz contraction of the of electron orbits on the emitted frequency is incorporated in the Rydberg formula, as well as the emitter’s Doppler effect is acknowledged. The result is that the frequency of the emitted light is modified by a factor that is identical with what (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  7
    Empiricisms: Experience and Experiment From Antiquity to the Anthropocene.Barry Allen - forthcoming - New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
    In this sweeping volume of comparative philosophy and intellectual history, Barry Allen reassesses the values of experience and experiment in European and world traditions. His work traces the history of empirical philosophy from its birth in Greek medicine to its emergence as a philosophy of modern science. He surveys medical empiricism, Aristotlean and Epicurean empiricism, the empiricism of Gassendi and Locke, logical empiricism, radical empiricism, transcendental empiricism, and varieties of anti-empiricism from Parmenides to Wilfrid Sellars. Throughout this extensive intellectual (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  84
    Experiment in Biology (2018 Update).Marcel Weber - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  37. Experiment and Speculation in Seventeenth-Century Italy: The Case of Geminiano Montanari.Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:52-61.
    This paper reconstructs the natural philosophical method of Geminiano Montanari, one of the most prominent Italian natural philosophers of the late seventeenth century. Montanari’s views are used as a case study to assess recent claims concerning early modern experimental philosophy. Having presented the distinctive tenets of seventeenth-century experimental philosophers, I argue that Montanari adheres to them explicitly, thoroughly, and consistently. The study of Montanari’s views supports three claims. First, experimental philosophy was not an exclusively British phenomenon. Second, in spite of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Fiction and Thought Experiment - A Case Study.Daniel Dohrn - 2016 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):185-199.
    Many philosophers are very sanguine about the cognitive contributions of fiction to science and philosophy. I focus on a case study: Ichikawa and Jarvis’s account of thought experiments in terms of everyday fictional stories. As far as the contribution of fiction is not sui generis, processing fiction often will be parasitic on cognitive capacities which may replace it; as far as it is sui generis, nothing guarantees that fiction is sufficiently well-behaved to abide by the constraints of scientific and philosophical (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39. Experience and Experiment in Art.Alva Noë - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (8-9):8-9.
    A significant impediment to the study of perceptual consciousness is our dependence on simplistic ideas about what experience is like. This is a point that has been made by Wittgenstein, and by philosophers working in the Phenomenological Tradition, such as Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. Importantly, it is an observation that has been brought to the fore in recent discussions of consciousness among philosophers and cognitive scientists who have come to feel the need for a more rigorous phenomenology of experience. The central (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  40. Film as Thought Experiment: A Happy-Go-Lucky Case?Basileios Kroustallis - 2012 - Film-Philosophy 16 (1):72-84.
    Can some films be genuine thought experiments that challenge our commonsense intuitions? Certain filmic narratives and their mise-en-scène details reveal rigorous reasoning and counterintuitive outcomes on philosophical issues, such as skepticism or personal identity. But this philosophical façade may hide a mundane concern for entertainment. Unfamiliar narratives drive spectator entertainment, and every novel cinematic situation could be easily explained as part of a process that lacks motives of philosophical elucidation. -/- The paper inverses the above objection, and proposes that when (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  43
    Scientific Experiment and Legal Expertise: The Way of Experience in Seventeenth-Century England.Rose-Mary Sargent - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):19-45.
  42.  56
    Stability of Risk Preference Measures: Results From a Field Experiment on French Farmers.Arnaud Reynaud & Stéphane Couture - 2012 - Theory and Decision 73 (2):203-221.
    We compare two different elicitation methods for measuring risk attitudes on a sample of French farmers. We consider the lottery tasks initially proposed by Holt and Laury (Econ Rev 92:1644–1655, 2002) and by Eckel and Grossman (Evol Hum Behav 23:281–295, 2002; J Econ Behav Org 68:1–7, 2008). The main empirical result from this within-subject study is that risk preference measures are affected by the type of mechanism used. We first show that this risk preference instability can be related to non-expected (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  43. Burge's New Thought Experiment: Back to the Drawing Room.Kent Bach - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (February):88-97.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  44.  37
    Welcher Weg? A Trajectory Representation of a Quantum Young’s Diffraction Experiment.Edward R. Floyd - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (9):1403-1420.
    The double slit problem is idealized by simplifying each slit by a point source. A composite reduced action for the two correlated point sources is developed. Contours of the reduced action, trajectories and loci of transit times are developed in the region near the two point sources. The trajectory through any point in Euclidean 3-space also passes simultaneously through both point sources.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45.  63
    Risk Aversion When Gains Are Likely and Unlikely: Evidence From a Natural Experiment with Large Stakes. [REVIEW]Pavlo Blavatskyy & Ganna Pogrebna - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (2-3):395-420.
    In the television show Deal or No Deal a contestant is endowed with a sealed box, which potentially contains a large monetary prize. In the course of the show the contestant learns more information about the distribution of possible monetary prizes inside her box. Consider two groups of contestants, who learned that the chances of their boxes containing a large prize are 20% and 80% correspondingly. Contestants in both groups receive qualitatively similar price offers for selling the content of their (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. Comment On: Nonlocal “Realistic” Leggett Models Can Be Considered Refuted by the Before-Before Experiment.Marek Żukowski - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (11):1070-1071.
    It is shown here that Suarez (Found. Phys. 38:583, 2008) wrongly presents the assumptions behind the Leggett’s inequalities, and their modified form used by Groeblacher et al. (Nature 446:871, 2007) for an experimental falsification of a certain class of non-local hidden variable models.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  12
    Security-by-Experiment: Lessons From Responsible Deployment in Cyberspace.Wolter Pieters, Dina Hadžiosmanović & Francien Dechesne - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (3):831-850.
    Conceiving new technologies as social experiments is a means to discuss responsible deployment of technologies that may have unknown and potentially harmful side-effects. Thus far, the uncertain outcomes addressed in the paradigm of new technologies as social experiments have been mostly safety-related, meaning that potential harm is caused by the design plus accidental events in the environment. In some domains, such as cyberspace, adversarial agents may be at least as important when it comes to undesirable effects of deployed technologies. In (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. Rethinking Burge's Thought Experiment.Nicholas Georgalis - 1999 - Synthese 118 (2):145-64.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49.  39
    Experiment and Observation.James Bogen - 2002 - In Peter K. Machamer & Michael Silberstein (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: Blackwell. pp. 128--148.
  50. Burge's Thought Experiment: Still in Need of Defense. [REVIEW]Nicholas Georgalis - 2003 - Erkenntnis 58 (2):267-273.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 999