Results for 'family resemblance'

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  1. Species as Family Resemblance Concepts: The (Dis-)Solution of the Species Problem?Massimo Pigliucci - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (6):596-602.
    The so-called ‘‘species problem’’ has plagued evolution- ary biology since before Darwin’s publication of the aptly titled Origin of Species. Many biologists think the problem is just a matter of semantics; others complain that it will not be solved until we have more empirical data. Yet, we don’t seem to be able to escape discussing it and teaching seminars about it. In this paper, I briefly examine the main themes of the biological and philosophical liter- atures on the species problem, (...)
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  2.  41
    Extension of Family Resemblance Concepts as a Necessary Condition of Interpretation Across Traditions.Jaap van Brakel & Lin Ma - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (4):475-497.
    In this paper we extend Wittgenstein’s notion of family resemblance to translation, interpretation, and comparison across traditions. There is no need for universals. This holds for everyday concepts such as green and qing 青, philosophical concepts such as emotion and qing 情, as well as philosophical categories such as form of life and dao 道. These notions as well as all other concepts from whatever tradition are family resemblance concepts. We introduce the notion of quasi-universal, which (...)
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  3. Vagueness and Family Resemblance.Hanoch Ben-Yami - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock (ed.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 407-419.
    Ben-Yami presents Wittgenstein’s explicit criticism of the Platonic identification of an explanation with a definition and the alternative forms of explanation he employed. He then discusses a few predecessors of Wittgenstein’s criticisms and the Fregean background against which he wrote. Next, the idea of family resemblance is introduced, and objections answered. Wittgenstein’s endorsement of vagueness and the indeterminacy of sense are presented, as well as the open texture of concepts. Common misunderstandings are addressed along the way. Wittgenstein’s ideas, (...)
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  4. Using Wittgenstein’s Family Resemblance Principle to Learn Exemplars.Sunil Vadera, Andres Rodriguez, Enrique Succar & Jia Wu - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):67-74.
    The introduction of the notion of family resemblance represented a major shift in Wittgenstein’s thoughts on the meaning of words, moving away from a belief that words were well defined, to a view that words denoted less well defined categories of meaning. This paper presents the use of the notion of family resemblance in the area of machine learning as an example of the benefits that can accrue from adopting the kind of paradigm shift taken by (...)
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  5.  36
    Extending Disorder: Essentialism, Family Resemblance and Secondary Sense. [REVIEW]Neil Pickering - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):185-195.
    It is commonly thought that mental disorder is a valid concept only in so far as it is an extension of or continuous with the concept of physical disorder. A valid extension has to meet two criteria: determination and coherence. Essentialists meet these criteria through necessary and sufficient conditions for being a disorder. Two Wittgensteinian alternatives to essentialism are considered and assessed against the two criteria. These are the family resemblance approach and the secondary sense approach. Where the (...)
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  6.  11
    Unity Through Diversity: Inter-World, Family Resemblance, Intertextuality.Jay Goulding - 2018 - Journal of World Philosophies 3 (1):142-150.
    This is a composite review of three intriguing and provocative books that address the interconnections between East Asian and Western philosophy. Firstly, in _Phenomenology and Intercultural Understanding: Toward a New Cultural Flesh_, Kwok-Ying Lau thinks that phenomenology can help construct a “cultural flesh” between civilizations that encourages East-West philosophical dialogues, and that China needs to adopt Western terminology to facilitate an intercultural engagement. Merleau-Ponty’s “inter-world” can help this bridge. Secondly, in _Fundamentals of Comparative and Intercultural Philosophy_, Lin Ma and Jaap (...)
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  7.  74
    A Family Resemblance Approach to the Nature of Science for Science Education.Gürol Irzık, Gurol Irzik & Robert Nola - 2011 - Science & Education 20 (7-8):591-607.
    Although there is universal consensus both in the science education literature and in the science standards documents to the effect that students should learn not only the content of science but also its nature, there is little agreement about what that nature is. This led many science educators to adopt what is sometimes called “the consensus view” about the nature of science (NOS), whose goal is to teach students only those characteristics of science on which there is wide consensus. This (...)
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  8. Family Resemblance.Hans Sluga - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 71 (1):1-21.
    Wittgenstein's remarks about family resemblance in the Philosophical Investigations should not be construed as implying a comprehensive theory of universals. They possess, rather, a defensive function in his exposition. The remarks allow one, nevertheless, to draw certain general conclusions about how Wittgenstein thought about concepts. Reflection on the notion of family resemblance reveals that kinship and similarity considerations intersect in it in a problematic fashion.
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  9.  38
    Revisiting Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance and Colour.Lin Ma & Jaap Brakel - 2016 - Philosophical Investigations 39 (2):n/a-n/a.
    We argue that all general concepts are family resemblance concepts. These include concepts introduced by ostension, such as colour. Concepts of colour and of each of the specific colours are family resemblance concepts because similarities concerning an open-ended range of colour or of appearance features crop up and disappear. After discussing the notion of “same colour” and Wittgenstein's use of the phrase “our colours”, we suggest family resemblance concepts in one tradition can often be (...)
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  10. Kuhn's Account of Family Resemblance: A Solution to the Problem of Wide-Open Texture. [REVIEW]Hanne Andersen - 2000 - Erkenntnis 52 (3):313-337.
    It is a commonly raised argument against thefamily resemblance account of concepts that, on thisaccount, there is no limit to a concept's extension.An account of family resemblance which attempts toprovide a solution to this problem by including bothsimilarity among instances and dissimilarity tonon-instances has been developed by the philosopher ofscience Thomas Kuhn. Similar solutions have beenhinted at in the literature on family resemblanceconcepts, but the solution has never received adetailed investigation. I shall provide areconstruction of Kuhn's (...)
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  11.  7
    Contributions of the Family Resemblance Approach to Nature of Science in Science Education.Sibel Erduran, Zoubeida R. Dagher & Christine V. McDonald - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (3-5):311-328.
    The emergence of the Family Resemblance Approach to nature of science has prompted a fresh wave of scholarship embracing this new approach in science education. The FRA provides an ambitious and practical vision for what NOS-enriched science content should aim for and promotes evidence-based practices in science education to support the enactment of such vision. The present article provides an overview of research and development efforts utilizing the FRA and reviews recent empirical studies including those conducted in preservice (...)
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  12.  12
    Language as a Family-Resemblance Concept in Wittgenstein.José Ruiz Fernández - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (5):1447-1455.
    The article begins by considering Wittgenstein’s notion of family-resemblance concepts. The article purports to defend that there is something wrong with the idea that language is a family-resemblance concept, that is, that we take behaviour as being linguistic merely in virtue of undetermined similarities with paradigmatic linguistic behaviour. In order to achieve this goal, it is first clarified in which sense so-called psychological concepts are not family-resemblance concepts. The essential link between the use of (...)
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  13.  51
    Artefacts and Family Resemblance.Pawel Garbacz - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (3):419-447.
    I develop in this paper a conception of artefacts based on L. Wittgenstein’s idea of family resemblance. My approach peruses the notion of frame, which was invented in cognitive psychology as an operationisable extension of this philosophical idea. Following the metaphor of life-cycle I show how this schematic notion of frame may be filled with the content relevant for artefacts if we consider them from the point of view of their histories. The resulting conception of artefacts provides a (...)
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  14. Is Woman a Family-Resemblance Category?Marilyn Frye - manuscript
    "Is Woman a Family-resemblance Category?" a paper delivered to the Philosophy Department of Duke University, April 1998.
     
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  15. If Engineering Function is a Family Resemblance Concept: Assessing Three Formalization Strategies.Massimiliano Carrara, Pawel Garbacz & Pieter E. Vermaas - 2011 - Applied Ontology 6 (2):141-163.
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  16. Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance Concepts.Michael Forster - 2010 - In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  17.  13
    Revisiting Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance and Colour.Lin Ma & Jaap van Brakel - 2016 - Philosophical Investigations 39 (3):254-280.
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  18.  3
    Von Wright and Wittgenstein on Goodness and Family Resemblance: A Constructive Rejoinder to Klagge.Lassi Jakola - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
    Philosophical Investigations, EarlyView.
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  19. Family Resemblance.J. E. Llewelyn - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):344-346.
  20. Family Resemblance.Pamela M. Huby - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (70):66-67.
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  21.  14
    Reason, Education and Liberalism: Family Resemblance Within an Overlapping Consensus.John Halliday - 2001 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (3):225-234.
    This paper focuses on recent debates over the nature ofliberalism and its central feature of reason, both inside and outside ofeducational philosophy. Central ideas from Jonathan and Hirst contributeas do those from Rawls, Gadamer, Wittgenstein, Taylor, and Ackermantoward a less traditional contextualized and contingent view.
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  22.  72
    When is a Resemblance a Family Resemblance?Michael A. Simon - 1969 - Mind 78 (311):408-416.
  23.  92
    The Concept of Family Resemblance in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy.Hjalmar Wennerberg - 1967 - Theoria 33 (2):107-132.
  24.  15
    Family Resemblance and the Definition of Religion.Benson Saler - 2009 - In Understanding Religion: Selected Essays. Walter de Gruyter.
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  25. Later Wittgenstein On Essentialism, Family Resemblance And Philosophical Method.Sorin Bangu - 2005 - Metaphysica 6 (2):53-73.
     
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  26.  46
    The Meaning of Sameness or Family Resemblance in the Pragmatic Tradition.David L. Miller - 1972 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 21:51-62.
  27.  35
    Family Resemblance.L. Pompa - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (66):63-69.
  28.  29
    Family Resemblance Predicates.Keith Campbell - 1965 - American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (3):238 - 244.
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  29.  6
    Family Resemblance in Translation: A Legacy Revisited.Isabelle C. Chou, Hari Venkatesan & Yuanjian He - 2016 - Perspectives 24 (2):278-293.
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  30.  49
    Family Resemblance, Vagueness, and Change of Meaning.Ardon Lyon - 1968 - Theoria 34 (1):66-75.
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  31.  21
    A Problem with Wittgenstein's « Family Resemblance ».Paul Alfred Hazard - 1975 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 31 (3):265.
  32.  29
    Family Resemblance, Platonism, Universals.Richard D. Mohr - 1977 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):593 - 600.
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  33.  15
    The Influence of Perceptual Difficulty on Family Resemblance Sorting.F. N. Milton & A. J. Wills - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2273--2278.
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  34.  3
    Family Resemblance.J. E. Llewellyn - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):344.
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  35.  7
    The Meaning of Sameness or Family Resemblance in the Pragmatic Tradition.David L. Miller - 1972 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 21:51-62.
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  36.  7
    An Axiomatization of Family Resemblance.R. E. Jennings & D. X. Nicholson - 2007 - Journal of Applied Logic 5 (4):577-585.
  37.  15
    Eschewing Definitions of the Therapeutic Misconception: A Family Resemblance Analysis.D. S. Goldberg - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (3):296-320.
    Twenty-five years after the term "therapeutic misconception’ (TM) first entered the literature, most commentators agree that it remains widespread. However, the majority of scholarly attention has focused on the reasons why a patient cum human subject might confuse the goals of research with the goals of therapy. Although this paper addresses the social and cultural factors that seem to animate the TM among subjects, it also fills a niche in the literature by examining why investigators too might operate under a (...)
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  38.  14
    Family Resemblance in the Thirteenth Century.Sheldon M. Cohen - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (186):391 - 394.
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  39.  18
    Family Resemblance: A Reply.L. Pompa - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):347-353.
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  40.  5
    Family Resemblance in the Dutch Spatial Prepositionsdoorandlangs.Hubert Cuyckens - 1995 - Cognitive Linguistics 6 (2-3):183-208.
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  41. Family Resemblance and Explanations of Meaning.B. Rundle - 1983 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 17 (40-41):53-63.
     
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  42. Representation and Resemblance.John B. Dilworth - 1980 - Philosophical Forum 12 (2):139.
    The concept of representation is a problematic one. So is that of resemblance or similarity. But both concepts can be clarified via a modification of Wittgenstein's notion of a "family-resemblance." I shall introduce an extended version of that notion, specifically relevant to representational objects, after presenting some arguments which show the need for it.
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  43. Slurs.Adam M. Croom - 2011 - Language Sciences 33:343-358.
    Slurs possess interesting linguistic properties and so have recently attracted the attention of linguists and philosophers of language. For instance the racial slur "nigger" is explosively derogatory, enough so that just hearing it mentioned can leave one feeling as if they have been made complicit in a morally atrocious act.. Indeed, the very taboo nature of these words makes discussion of them typically prohibited or frowned upon. Although it is true that the utterance of slurs is illegitimate and derogatory in (...)
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  44. How to Do Things with Slurs: Studies in the Way of Derogatory Words.Adam M. Croom - 2013 - Language and Communication 33:177-204.
    This article provides an original account of slurs and how they may be differentially used by in-group and out-group speakers. Slurs are first distinguished from other terms and their role in social interaction is discussed. A new distinction is introduced between three different uses of slurs : the paradigmatic derogatory use, non-paradigmatic derogatory use, and non-paradigmatic non-derogatory use. I then account for their literal meaning and explain how a family-resemblance conception of category membership can clarify our understanding of (...)
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  45.  70
    Comparative Philosophy and the Tertium: Comparing What with What, and in What Respect?Ralph Weber - 2014 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (2):151-171.
    Comparison is fundamental to the practice and subject-matter of philosophy, but has received scant attention by philosophers. This is even so in “comparative philosophy,” which literally distinguishes itself from other philosophy by being “comparative.” In this article, the need for a philosophy of comparison is suggested. What we compare with what, and in what respect it is done, poses a series of intriguing and intricate questions. In Part One, I offer a problematization of the tertium comparationis (the third of comparison) (...)
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  46.  14
    The Biosemiotic Concept of the Species.Kalevi Kull - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (1):61-71.
    Any biological species of biparental organisms necessarily includes, and is fundamentally dependent on, sign processes between individuals. In this case, the natural category of the species is based on family resemblances, which is why a species is not a natural kind. We describe the mechanism that generates the family resemblance. An individual recognition window and biparental reproduction almost suffice as conditions to produce species naturally. This is due to assortativity of mating which is not based on certain (...)
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  47. Was Wittgenstein an Analytic Philosopher?Hans-Johann Glock - unknown
    This article first surveys the established views on Wittgenstein's relation to analytic philosophy. Next it distinguishes among different ways of defining analytic philosophy—topical, doctrinal, methodological, stylistic, historical, and the idea that it is a family-resemblance concept. It argues that while certain stylistic features are important, the historical and the family-resemblance conceptions are the most auspicious, especially in combination. The answer to the title question is given in section 3. Contrary to currently popular “irrationalist” interpretations, Wittgenstein was (...)
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  48.  37
    Metaphors of Being a Φ.Marilyn Frye - 2011 - In Charlotte Witt (ed.), Feminist Metaphysics. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 85-95.
    The category WOMEN is a central analytic category of feminism, but has been very troubled in feminist theory and philosophy. In the background of the troubles with the category WOMEN is the metaphoric image of a social category as a set and its exemplars as set members. But the category WOMEN cannot be defined as sets are defined, so that is an inappropriate metaphor. A number of feminists and race theorists turn to Wittgenstein, who offers alternative metaphors. This chapter explores (...)
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  49.  8
    The Case Against Consequentialism Reconsidered.Nikil Mukerji - 2016 - Springer.
    This book argues that critics of consequentialism have not been able to make a successful and comprehensive case against all versions of consequentialism because they have been using the wrong methodology. This methodology relies on the crucial assumption that consequentialist theories share a defining characteristic. This text interprets consequentialism, instead, as a family resemblance term. On that basis, it argues quite an ambitions claim, viz. that all versions of consequentialism should be rejected, including those that have been created (...)
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  50.  65
    Art From a Wittgensteinian Perspective: Constitutive Norms in Context.Sonia Sedivy - 2014 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 72 (1):67-82.
    This article offers a detailed textual reexamination of the ‘family resemblance’ passages to reconsider their implications for understanding art. The reassessment takes into account their broader context in the Philosophical Investigations, including the rule following considerations, and draws on a realist interpretive framework associated principally with the work of Cavell, Diamond, McDowell, and Putnam. Wittgensteinian “realism with a human face” helps us discern that the primary issue is not whether certain concepts are definable, posing a stark opposition between (...)
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