Results for 'forgetting'

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  1. Forgetting Our Personal Past: Socially Shared Retrieval-Induced Forgetting of Autobiographical Memories.Charles Stone - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1084-1099.
    People often talk to others about their personal past. These discussions are inherently selective. Selective retrieval of memories in the course of a conversation may induce forgetting of unmentioned but related memories for both speakers and listeners (Cuc, Koppel, & Hirst, 2007). Cuc et al. (2007) defined the forgetting on the part of the speaker as within-individual retrieval-induced forgetting (WI-RIF) and the forgetting on the part of the listener as socially shared retrieval-induced forgetting (SS-RIF). However, (...)
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  2. Forgetting.Matthew Frise - 2018 - In Kourken Michaelian, Dorothea Debus & Denis Perrin (eds.), New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 223-240.
    Forgetting is importantly related to remembering, evidence possession, epistemic virtue, personal identity, and a host of highly-researched memory conditions. In this paper I examine the nature of forgetting. I canvass the viable options for forgetting’s ontological category, type of content, characteristic relation to content, and scale. I distinguish several theories of forgetting in the philosophy and psychology of memory literatures, theories that diverge on these options. The best theories from the literature, I claim, fail two critical (...)
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  3.  28
    How Forgetting Aids Heuristic Inference.Lael J. Schooler & Ralph Hertwig - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):610-628.
    Some theorists, ranging from W. James to contemporary psychologists, have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of beneficial forgetting by proposing that loss of information aids inference heuristics that exploit mnemonic information. To this end, the authors bring together 2 research programs that take an ecological approach to studying cognition. Specifically, they implement fast and frugal heuristics within the ACT-R cognitive architecture. Simulations of the recognition heuristic, which (...)
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  4. The Forgetting of Air in Martin Heidegger.Luce Irigaray - 1999 - University of Texas Press.
    French theorist Luce Irigaray has become one of the twentieth century's most influential feminist thinkers. Among her many writings are three books (with a projected fourth) in which she challenges the Western tradition's construals of human beings' relations to the four elements--earth, air, fire, and water--and to nature. In answer to Heidegger's undoing of Western metaphysics as a "forgetting of Being," Irigaray seeks in this work to begin to think out the Being of sexedness and the sexedness of Being. (...)
     
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  5. Introspective Forgetting.Hans van Ditmarsch, Andreas Herzig, Jérôme Lang & Pierre Marquis - 2009 - Synthese 169 (2):405-423.
    We model the forgetting of propositional variables in a modal logical context where agents become ignorant and are aware of each others’ or their own resulting ignorance. The resulting logic is sound and complete. It can be compared to variable-forgetting as abstraction from information, wherein agents become unaware of certain variables: by employing elementary results for bisimulation, it follows that beliefs not involving the forgotten atom(s) remain true.
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  6.  5
    In Defence of Forgetting Evil: A Reply to Pilkington on Conscientious Objection.Jake Greenblum & T. J. Kasperbauer - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (1):189-191.
    In a recent article for this journal, Bryan Pilkington makes a number of critical observations about one of our arguments for non-traditional medical conscientious objectors’ duty to refer. Non-traditional conscientious objectors are those professionals who object to indirectly performing actions—like, say, referring to a physician who will perform an abortion. In our response here, we discuss his central objection and clarify our position on the role of value conflicts in non-traditional conscientious objection.
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  7.  57
    Forgetting Your Scruples.Adam Bugeja - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (11):2889-2911.
    It can sound absurd to report that you have forgotten a moral truth. Described cases in which people who have lost moral beliefs exhibit the behavioural and phenomenological symptoms of forgetting can seem similarly absurd. I examine these phenomena, and evaluate a range of hypotheses that might be offered to explain them. These include the following proposals: that it is hard to forget moral truths because they are believed on the basis of intuition; that moral forgetting seems puzzling (...)
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  8. The Epistemology of Forgetting.Kourken Michaelian - 2011 - Erkenntnis 74 (3):399-424.
    The default view in the epistemology of forgetting is that human memory would be epistemically better if we were not so susceptible to forgetting—that forgetting is in general a cognitive vice. In this paper, I argue for the opposed view: normal human forgetting—the pattern of forgetting characteristic of cognitively normal adult human beings—approximates a virtue located at the mean between the opposed cognitive vices of forgetting too much and remembering too much. I argue, first, (...)
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  9.  77
    Is Forgetting Reprehensible? Holocaust Remembrance and the Task of Oblivion.Björn Krondorfer - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (2):233-267.
    "Forgetting" plays an important role in the lives of individuals and communities. Although a few Holocaust scholars have begun to take forgetting more seriously in relation to the task of remembering—in popular parlance as well as in academic discourse on the Holocaust—forgetting is usually perceived as a negative force. In the decades following 1945, the terms remembering and forgetting have often been used antithetically, with the communities of victims insisting on the duty to remember and a (...)
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  10. Autobiographical Forgetting, Social Forgetting and Situated Forgetting.Celia B. Harris, John Sutton & Amanda Barnier - 2010 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Forgetting. Psychology Press. pp. 253-284.
    We have a striking ability to alter our psychological access to past experiences. Consider the following case. Andrew “Nicky” Barr, OBE, MC, DFC, (1915 – 2006) was one of Australia’s most decorated World War II fighter pilots. He was the top ace of the Western Desert’s 3 Squadron, the pre-eminent fighter squadron in the Middle East, flying P-40 Kittyhawks over Africa. From October 1941, when Nicky Barr’s war began, he flew 22 missions and shot down eight enemy planes in his (...)
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  11. Catastrophic Forgetting in Connectionist Networks.R. French - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (4):128-135.
  12.  23
    Forgetting of Foreign‐Language Skills: A Corpus‐Based Analysis of Online Tutoring Software.Ridgeway Karl, C. Mozer Michael & R. Bowles Anita - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (4):924-949.
    We explore the nature of forgetting in a corpus of 125,000 students learning Spanish using the Rosetta Stone® foreign-language instruction software across 48 lessons. Students are tested on a lesson after its initial study and are then retested after a variable time lag. We observe forgetting consistent with power function decay at a rate that varies across lessons but not across students. We find that lessons which are better learned initially are forgotten more slowly, a correlation which likely (...)
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  13. On Forgetting the Difference Between Right and Wrong.G. Ryle - 1958 - In A. I. Melden (ed.), Essays in Moral Philosophy. University of Washington Press.
     
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  14.  19
    Instructed Forgetting: Hypnotic and Nonhypnotic.John F. Kihlstrom - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):73-79.
  15.  48
    Forgetting and the Law of Disuse.J. A. McGeoch - 1932 - Psychological Review 39 (4):352-370.
  16.  15
    Directed Forgetting of Recently Recalled Autobiographical Memories.Amanda J. Barnier, Martin A. Conway, Lyndel Mayoh, Joanne Speyer, Orit Avizmil & Celia B. Harris - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (2):301-322.
  17.  9
    Forgetting in Immediate Serial Recall: Decay, Temporal Distinctiveness, or Interference?Klaus Oberauer & Stephan Lewandowsky - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (3):544-576.
  18. Memory, History, Forgetting.Paul Ricoeur - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
  19.  14
    Cued Forgetting in Short-Term Memory: Response Selection.David G. Elmes, Carl Adams & Henry L. Roediger - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):103.
  20.  20
    Not Forgetting Sex: Simon on Gender Equality.Pam R. Sailors - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (1):75-82.
  21. Responsibility for Forgetting.Samuel Murray, Elise D. Murray, Gregory Stewart, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Felipe De Brigard - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (5):1177-1201.
    In this paper, we focus on whether and to what extent we judge that people are responsible for the consequences of their forgetfulness. We ran a series of behavioral studies to measure judgments of responsibility for the consequences of forgetfulness. Our results show that we are disposed to hold others responsible for some of their forgetfulness. The level of stress that the forgetful agent is under modulates judgments of responsibility, though the level of care that the agent exhibits toward performing (...)
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  22.  14
    Introspective Forgetting.Hans Ditmarsch, Andreas Herzig, Jérôme Lang & Pierre Marquis - 2009 - Synthese 169 (2):405-423.
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  23.  21
    4 Forgetting in Memory Models.Gordon Da Brown & Stephan Lewandowsky - 2010 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Forgetting. Psychology Press.
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  24.  53
    Forgetting Morality: Reflections on a Theme in Chuang Tzu.Antonio S. Cua - 1977 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 4 (4):305-328.
  25.  21
    Forgetting of Intentions in Demanding Situations is Rapid.Gilles O. Einstein, Mark A. McDaniel, Carrie L. Williford, Jason L. Pagan & R. Dismukes - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (3):147.
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  26.  11
    Intentional Forgetting in Organizations: The Importance of Eliminating Retrieval Cues for Implementing New Routines.Annette Kluge & Norbert Gronau - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  27. The Role of Forgetting in the Evolution and Learning of Language.Jeffrey Barrett & Kevin J. S. Zollman - unknown
    Lewis signaling games illustrate how language might evolve from random behavior. The probability of evolving an optimal signaling language is, in part, a function of what learning strategy the agents use. Here we investigate three learning strategies, each of which allows agents to forget old experience. In each case, we find that forgetting increases the probability of evolving an optimal language. It does this by making it less likely that past partial success will continue to reinforce suboptimal practice. The (...)
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  28.  47
    Neural Mechanisms of Motivated Forgetting.Michael C. Anderson & Simon Hanslmayr - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (6):279-292.
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  29.  8
    Public Forgetting: The Rhetoric and Politics of Beginning Again.Bradford Vivian - 2010 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Using examples ranging from classical rhetoric to contemporary crises like 9/11, Public Forgetting demonstrates how communities may adopt idioms of forgetting in order to create new and beneficial standards of public judgment.
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  30.  38
    Between Remembering and Forgetting.Mordechai Gordon - 2015 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 34 (5):489-503.
    This essay seeks to add to a growing body of literature in philosophy of education that focuses on issues of historical consciousness and remembrance and their connections to moral education. In particular, I wish to explore the following questions: What does it mean to maintain a tension between remembering and forgetting tragic historical events? And what does an ethical stance that seeks to maintain this tension provide us? In what follows, I first describe two contemporary approaches to cultivating historical (...)
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  31.  14
    The Forgetting of the Penetrable Body: Simone de Beauvoir, Silence, Omission in Jacques Derrida.Norman Roland Madarasz - 2017 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 62 (3):835.
    Jacques Derrida é conhecido por suas tentativas a incluir a perspectiva da mulher no seu trabalho filosófico. Seus esforços receberam o elogio de filósofas, apesar do fato de sua filosofia permanecer marcada pela omissão de qualquer menção ao trabalho de Simone de Beauvoir. O assunto deste artigo não será a mulher, como na conferência de 1972 Esporas, mas o falogocentrismo. Ou seja, a economia, dinâmica e os limites deste conceito enquanto crítica da história, isto é, a história da mentira, termo (...)
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  32.  24
    Forgetting Our Facts: The Role of Inhibitory Processes in the Loss of Propositional Knowledge.Michael C. Anderson & Theodore Bell - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):544.
  33.  33
    The Slow Forgetting of Emotional Episodic Memories: An Emotional Binding Account.Andrew P. Yonelinas & Maureen Ritchey - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):259-267.
  34.  56
    Interference and Forgetting.Benton J. Underwood - 1957 - Psychological Review 64 (1):49-60.
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  35.  12
    Accelerated Forgetting? An Evaluation on the Use of Long-Term Forgetting Rates in Patients with Memory Problems.Sofie Geurts, Sieberen P. van der Werf & Roy P. C. Kessels - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  36. Knowledge From Forgetting.Sven Bernecker & Thomas Grundmann - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (3):525-540.
    This paper provides a novel argument for granting memory the status of a generative source of justification and knowledge. Memory can produce justified output beliefs and knowledge on the basis of unjustified input beliefs alone. The key to understanding how memory can generate justification and knowledge, memory generativism, is to bear in mind that memory frequently omits part of the stored information. The proposed argument depends on a broadly reliabilist approach to justification.
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  37.  12
    Forgetting Curves with Semantic, Phonetic, Graphic, and Contiguity Cues.Albert S. Bregman - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):539.
  38.  10
    Forgetting and Remembering in Free Recall: Intentional and Unintentional.Addison E. Woodward & Robert A. Bjork - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):109.
  39.  17
    Disrupted Retrieval in Directed Forgetting: A Link with Posthypnotic Amnesia.Ralph E. Geiselman, Robert A. Bjork & Deborah L. Fishman - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):58-72.
  40.  27
    Practice and Forgetting Effects on Vocabulary Memory: An Activation‐Based Model of the Spacing Effect.Philip I. Pavlik & John R. Anderson - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (4):559-586.
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  41.  70
    Justification and Forgetting.Andrew Naylor - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):372-391.
    This article sets forth a view about how epistemic justification figures in the ongoing justification of memory belief, a view that I call moderate justificational preservationism . MJP presupposes a nontraditional notion of memorial justification according to which what makes one's present belief that p prima facie justified is that which provided one with prima facie justification to believe that p originally . The article offers support for MJP by examining a series of cases that involve forgetting, and in (...)
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  42. Forgetting.Sergio Della Sala (ed.) - 2010 - Psychology Press.
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  43.  7
    Necessary Forgetting: On the Use of Propranolol in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Management.Leah B. Rosenberg - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):27 – 28.
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  44.  11
    Predicting One's Own Forgetting: The Role of Experience-Based and Theory-Based Processes.Asher Koriat, Robert A. Bjork, Limor Sheffer & Sarah K. Bar - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (4):643-656.
  45.  24
    Forgetting Remembered.Edward S. Casey - 1992 - Man and World 25 (3-4):281-311.
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  46.  14
    One Hundred Years of Forgetting: A Quantitative Description of Retention.David C. Rubin & Amy E. Wenzel - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):734-760.
  47.  17
    Forgetting and Remembering Alienation Theory.Chris Yuill - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (2):103-119.
    Alienation theory has acted as the stimulus for a great deal of research and writing in the history of sociology. It has formed the basis of many sociological ‘classics’ focused on the workplace and the experiences of workers, and has also been mobilized to chart wider social malaise and individual troubles. Alienation theory usage has, however, declined significantly since its heyday of the 1960s and 1970s. Here, the reasons why alienation theory was ‘forgotten’ and what can be gained by ‘remembering’ (...)
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  48.  5
    Against Forgetting: Notes on Revision and the Writing of History.Steven Ungar - 1992 - Diacritics 22 (2):62.
  49.  9
    Forgetting and Natural Language Mediation.William E. Montague, Jack A. Adams & Harold O. Kiess - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (6):829.
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  50. Forgetting Yourself.Anita L. Allen - 1997 - In Diana T. Meyers (ed.), Feminists Rethink the Self. Westview Press. pp. 104.
     
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