Results for 'forgetting'

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  1. An Essay on the Ontological Foundations and Psychological Realization of Forgetting.Stan Klein - 2019 - Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 6 (292-305).
    I argue that appreciation of the phenomenon of forgetting requires serious attention to its origins and place in nature. This, in turn, necessitates metaphysical inquiry as well as empirical backing – a combination likely to be eschewed by psychological orthodoxy. But, if we hope to avoid the conceptual vacuity that characterizes too much of contemporary psychological inquiry (e.g., Klein, 2012, 2014a, 2015a, 2016a), a “big picture” approach to phenomena of interest is essential. Adopting this investigative posture turns the “received (...)
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  2. The Epistemology of Forgetting.Kourken Michaelian - 2011 - Erkenntnis 74 (3):399-424.
    The default view in the epistemology of forgetting is that human memory would be epistemically better if we were not so susceptible to forgetting—that forgetting is in general a cognitive vice. In this paper, I argue for the opposed view: normal human forgetting—the pattern of forgetting characteristic of cognitively normal adult human beings—approximates a virtue located at the mean between the opposed cognitive vices of forgetting too much and remembering too much. I argue, first, (...)
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  3. Forgetting.Matthew Frise - 2018 - In Kourken Michaelian, Dorothea Debus & Denis Perrin (eds.), New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 223-240.
    Forgetting is importantly related to remembering, evidence possession, epistemic virtue, personal identity, and a host of highly-researched memory conditions. In this paper I examine the nature of forgetting. I canvass the viable options for forgetting’s ontological category, type of content, characteristic relation to content, and scale. I distinguish several theories of forgetting in the philosophy and psychology of memory literatures, theories that diverge on these options. The best theories from the literature, I claim, fail two critical (...)
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  4.  20
    How Forgetting Aids Heuristic Inference.Lael J. Schooler & Ralph Hertwig - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):610-628.
    Some theorists, ranging from W. James to contemporary psychologists, have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of beneficial forgetting by proposing that loss of information aids inference heuristics that exploit mnemonic information. To this end, the authors bring together 2 research programs that take an ecological approach to studying cognition. Specifically, they implement fast and frugal heuristics within the ACT-R cognitive architecture. Simulations of the recognition heuristic, which (...)
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  5. On the Blameworthiness of Forgetting.Sven Bernecker - 2018 - In Dorothea Debus Kourken Michaelian (ed.), New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory. London: Routledge. pp. 241-258.
    It is a mistake to think that we cannot be morally responsible for forgetting because, as a matter of principle, forgetting is outside of our control. Sometimes we do have control over our forgetting. When forgetting is under our control there is no question that it is the proper object of praise and blame. But we can also be morally responsible for forgetting something when it is beyond our control that we forget that thing. The (...)
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  6. Introspective Forgetting.Hans van Ditmarsch, Andreas Herzig, Jérôme Lang & Pierre Marquis - 2009 - Synthese 169 (2):405-423.
    We model the forgetting of propositional variables in a modal logical context where agents become ignorant and are aware of each others’ or their own resulting ignorance. The resulting logic is sound and complete. It can be compared to variable-forgetting as abstraction from information, wherein agents become unaware of certain variables: by employing elementary results for bisimulation, it follows that beliefs not involving the forgotten atom(s) remain true.
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  7.  71
    Is Forgetting Reprehensible? Holocaust Remembrance and the Task of Oblivion.Björn Krondorfer - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (2):233-267.
    "Forgetting" plays an important role in the lives of individuals and communities. Although a few Holocaust scholars have begun to take forgetting more seriously in relation to the task of remembering—in popular parlance as well as in academic discourse on the Holocaust—forgetting is usually perceived as a negative force. In the decades following 1945, the terms remembering and forgetting have often been used antithetically, with the communities of victims insisting on the duty to remember and a (...)
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  8.  16
    Forgetting of Foreign‐Language Skills: A Corpus‐Based Analysis of Online Tutoring Software.Ridgeway Karl, C. Mozer Michael & R. Bowles Anita - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (4):924-949.
    We explore the nature of forgetting in a corpus of 125,000 students learning Spanish using the Rosetta Stone® foreign-language instruction software across 48 lessons. Students are tested on a lesson after its initial study and are then retested after a variable time lag. We observe forgetting consistent with power function decay at a rate that varies across lessons but not across students. We find that lessons which are better learned initially are forgotten more slowly, a correlation which likely (...)
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  9.  54
    Forgetting Your Scruples.Adam Bugeja - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (11):2889-2911.
    It can sound absurd to report that you have forgotten a moral truth. Described cases in which people who have lost moral beliefs exhibit the behavioural and phenomenological symptoms of forgetting can seem similarly absurd. I examine these phenomena, and evaluate a range of hypotheses that might be offered to explain them. These include the following proposals: that it is hard to forget moral truths because they are believed on the basis of intuition; that moral forgetting seems puzzling (...)
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  10.  67
    Justification and Forgetting.Andrew Naylor - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):372-391.
    This article sets forth a view about how epistemic justification figures in the ongoing justification of memory belief, a view that I call moderate justificational preservationism . MJP presupposes a nontraditional notion of memorial justification according to which what makes one's present belief that p prima facie justified is that which provided one with prima facie justification to believe that p originally . The article offers support for MJP by examining a series of cases that involve forgetting, and in (...)
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  11. An Essay on the Ontological Foundations and Psychological Realization of Forgetting.Stanely Bernard Klein - forthcoming - Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.
    NOTE: This is the penultimate version. The finalized MS will be available a few weeks from now and when in hand I will remove this version and put the final version on line. I anticipate very few changes of substance. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------- -/- I argue that appreciation of the phenomenon of forgetting requires serious attention to its origins and place in nature. This, in turn, necessitates metaphysical inquiry as well as empirical backing – a combination likely to be eschewed by (...)
     
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  12.  25
    Towards a Phenomenology of Memory and Forgetting.Alexandre Dessingué - 2011 - Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 2 (1):168-178.
    Differences and trends in the discourse of memory in France have been consistent since the publication by Henri Bergson of Matter and Memory in 1896. In History, Memory and Forgetting published in 2000, Ricœur’s approach goes further than Bergson, Durkheim and Halbwachs. The memory issue in Ricœur is closely linked to a “hermeneutics of the self” that he already introduced in Oneself as Another in 1990. It seems that the traditional paradigm between individual and collective memory has been replaced (...)
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  13.  27
    Between Remembering and Forgetting.Mordechai Gordon - 2015 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 34 (5):489-503.
    This essay seeks to add to a growing body of literature in philosophy of education that focuses on issues of historical consciousness and remembrance and their connections to moral education. In particular, I wish to explore the following questions: What does it mean to maintain a tension between remembering and forgetting tragic historical events? And what does an ethical stance that seeks to maintain this tension provide us? In what follows, I first describe two contemporary approaches to cultivating historical (...)
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  14.  56
    Forgetting and the Task of Seeing: Ordinary Oblivion, Plato, and Ethics.Jennifer R. Rapp - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):680-730.
    The gaps, fissures, and lapses of attention in a life—what I call “ordinary oblivions”—are fertile fragilities that present a compelling source for ethics. Plato, not Aristotle, is the ancient philosopher specially poised to speak to this feature of human life. Drawing upon poet C. K. Williams's idea that forgetting is a “looking away” that makes possible “beginning again,” I present a Platonic approach to ethics as an alternative to Aristotelian or virtue ethics. Plato's Phaedrus is a key source text (...)
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  15.  98
    Negligence, Belief, Blame and Criminal Liability: The Special Case of Forgetting[REVIEW]Douglas Husak - 2011 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (2):199-218.
    Commentators seemingly agree about what negligence is—and how it is contrasted from recklessness. They also appear to concur about whether particular examples (both real and hypothetical) portray negligence. I am less confident about each of these matters. I explore the distinction between recklessness and negligence by examining a type of case that has generated a good deal of critical discussion: those in which a defendant forgets that he has created a substantial and unjustifiable risk of harm. Even in this limited (...)
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  16. Autobiographical Forgetting, Social Forgetting and Situated Forgetting.Celia B. Harris, John Sutton & Amanda Barnier - 2010 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Forgetting. Psychology Press. pp. 253-284.
    We have a striking ability to alter our psychological access to past experiences. Consider the following case. Andrew “Nicky” Barr, OBE, MC, DFC, (1915 – 2006) was one of Australia’s most decorated World War II fighter pilots. He was the top ace of the Western Desert’s 3 Squadron, the pre-eminent fighter squadron in the Middle East, flying P-40 Kittyhawks over Africa. From October 1941, when Nicky Barr’s war began, he flew 22 missions and shot down eight enemy planes in his (...)
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  17.  26
    Practice and Forgetting Effects on Vocabulary Memory: An Activation‐Based Model of the Spacing Effect.Philip I. Pavlik & John R. Anderson - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (4):559-586.
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  18.  9
    Searching for to-Be-Forgotten Material in a Directed Forgetting Task.William Epstein & Lucinda Wilder - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):349.
  19.  80
    Self-Deception and Intentional Forgetting: A Reply to Whisner.Thomas Martin - 1998 - Philosophia 26 (1-2):181-194.
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  20. Freedom, Forgetting, and Solidarity: A Response to Ginev.Jeff Kochan - 2015 - In Giovanni Galizia & David Schulman (eds.), Forgetting: An Interdisciplinary Conversation. Jerusalem: The Hebrew University Magnes Press. pp. 244-246.
    This is a brief, invited response to Dimitri Ginev's chapter "Narrating the Self and Narrative Technologies of Forgetting".
     
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  21.  23
    Optimal Potentiating Effects and Forgetting-Prevention Effects of Tests in Paired-Associate Learning.Chizuko Izawa - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):340.
  22.  14
    Cued Forgetting in Short-Term Memory: Response Selection.David G. Elmes, Carl Adams & Henry L. Roediger - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):103.
  23.  79
    The Phenomenology of Forgetting.Stephen Tyman - 1983 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (1):45-60.
  24.  29
    Cue-Dependent Forgetting in Paired-Associate Learning.Tannis Y. Arbuckle - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (1):124.
  25.  11
    Forgetting Curves with Semantic, Phonetic, Graphic, and Contiguity Cues.Albert S. Bregman - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):539.
  26.  10
    Rehearsal and Organization in Intentional Forgetting.Amos Spector, Kenneth R. Laughery & David G. Finkelman - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):169.
  27.  22
    The Forgetting of 'Crowded' and 'Isolated' Materials.C. E. Buxton & E. B. Newman - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):180.
  28.  9
    Forgetting and Remembering in Free Recall: Intentional and Unintentional.Addison E. Woodward & Robert A. Bjork - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):109.
  29.  20
    Arousal Effects in Intentional Recall and Forgetting.Barbara U. Archer & Robert R. Margolin - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):8.
  30.  8
    Studies in Configural Conditioning. VI. Comparative Extinction and Forgetting of Pattern and of Single-Stimulus Conditioning. [REVIEW]G. H. S. Razran - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (4):432.
  31.  14
    Forgetting: Interference or Decay?Dominic W. Massaro - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):238.
  32.  16
    Conservation of Meaning as a Factor in Forgetting New Associations.Eli Saltz & Vito Modigliani - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):322.
  33.  15
    Inverse Forgetting in Short-Term Memory.June Crawford, Earl Hunt & Grahame Peak - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):415.
  34.  16
    Selective Forgetting When the Subject is Not 'Ego-Involved.'.F. J. Shaw & A. Spooner - 1945 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (3):242.
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  35.  15
    Secondary Task Performance During Directed Forgetting.David W. Martin & Richard T. Kelly - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (6):1074.
  36.  12
    Reminiscence and Forgetting in Motor Learning After Extended Rest Intervals.John C. Jahnke & Carl P. Duncan - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (5):273.
  37.  9
    Cued Forgetting in Free Recall: Grouping on the Basis of Relevance and Category Membership.David G. Elmes & William C. Wilkinson - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (3):438-440.
  38.  11
    Forgetting in Short-Term Recall: All-or-None or Decremental?Thomas O. Nelson & William H. Batchelder - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):96.
  39.  8
    Role of Response Differentiation in Forgetting.Eli Saltz & Zakhour I. Youssef - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):307.
  40.  7
    Assessment of Selective Search as an Explanation for Intentional Forgetting.Donald Homa & Susan Spieker - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (1):10.
  41.  6
    Individual Differences in Defensive Forgetting.Charles W. Eriksen - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (6):442.
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  42.  7
    The Effect of Recall on Forgetting.G. Raffel - 1934 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (6):828.
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  43.  5
    The Relative Importance of Intervening Activity and Lapse of Time in the Production of Forgetting.P. E. Twining - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (5):483-501.
  44. The Role of Forgetting in the Evolution and Learning of Language.Jeffrey Barrett & Kevin J. S. Zollman - unknown
    Lewis signaling games illustrate how language might evolve from random behavior. The probability of evolving an optimal signaling language is, in part, a function of what learning strategy the agents use. Here we investigate three learning strategies, each of which allows agents to forget old experience. In each case, we find that forgetting increases the probability of evolving an optimal language. It does this by making it less likely that past partial success will continue to reinforce suboptimal practice. The (...)
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  45. The Forgetting of Air in Martin Heidegger.Luce Irigaray - 1999 - University of Texas Press.
    French theorist Luce Irigaray has become one of the twentieth century's most influential feminist thinkers. Among her many writings are three books (with a projected fourth) in which she challenges the Western tradition's construals of human beings' relations to the four elements--earth, air, fire, and water--and to nature. In answer to Heidegger's undoing of Western metaphysics as a "forgetting of Being," Irigaray seeks in this work to begin to think out the Being of sexedness and the sexedness of Being. (...)
     
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  46.  17
    Don’T Forget Forgetting: The Social Epistemic Importance of How We Forget.Daniel J. Singer, Aaron Bramson, Patrick Grim, Bennett Holman, Karen Kovaka, Jiin Jung & William J. Berger - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    We motivate a picture of social epistemology that sees forgetting as subject to epistemic evaluation. Using computer simulations of a simple agent-based model, we show that how agents forget can have as large an impact on group epistemic outcomes as how they share information. But, how we forget, unlike how we form beliefs, isn’t typically taken to be the sort of thing that can be epistemically rational or justified. We consider what we take to be the most promising argument (...)
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  47.  50
    Decay Happens: The Role of Active Forgetting in Memory.Oliver Hardt, Karim Nader & Lynn Nadel - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (3):111-120.
    Although the biological bases of forgetting remain obscure, the consensus among cognitive psychologists emphasizes interference processes, rejecting decay in accounting for memory loss. In contrast to this view, recent advances in understanding the neurobiology of long-term memory maintenance lead us to propose that a brain-wide well-regulated decay process, occurring mostly during sleep, systematically removes selected memories. Down-regulation of this decay process can increase the life expectancy of a memory and may eventually prevent its loss. Memory interference usually occurs during (...)
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  48.  26
    Recognition, Reification, and Practices of Forgetting: Ethical Implications of Human Resource Management. [REVIEW]Gazi Islam - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):37-48.
    This article examines the ethical framing of employment in contemporary human resource management (HRM). Using Axel Honneth's theory of recognition and classical critical notions of reification, I contrast recognition and reifying stances on labor. The recognition approach embeds work in its emotive and social particularity, positively affirming the basic dignity of social actors. Reifying views, by contrast, exhibit a forgetfulness of recognition, removing action from its existential and social moorings, and imagining workers as bundles of discrete resources or capacities. After (...)
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  49.  32
    An Individual's Rate of Forgetting Is Stable Over Time but Differs Across Materials.Florian Sense, Friederike Behrens, Rob R. Meijer & Hedderik Rijn - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):305-321.
    One of the goals of computerized tutoring systems is to optimize the learning of facts. Over a hundred years of declarative memory research have identified two robust effects that can improve such systems: the spacing and the testing effect. By making optimal use of both and adjusting the system to the individual learner using cognitive models based on declarative memory theories, such systems consistently outperform traditional methods. This adjustment process is driven by a continuously updated estimate of the rate of (...)
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  50.  10
    The Time of Collective Memory: Social Cohesion and Historical Discontinuity in Paul Ricœur’s Memory, History, Forgetting.Jeffrey Andrew Barash - 2019 - Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 10 (1):102-111.
    One of principal tasks of Paul Ricoeur’s Memory, History, Forgetting is to analyze the phenomenon of social cohesion, understood not as a uniform bond, but in terms of human plurality that arises from a diversity of perspectives of remembering groups rooted in complex stratifications and concatenations. This paper focuses on the role of remembrance and of its historical inscription as a source of social cohesion, which is subject to rupture and dissolution over time. It first identifies the way in (...)
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