Results for 'form of life'

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  1.  85
    Forms of Life.Peter Hacker - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:1-20.
    The phrase ‘Lebensform’ had a long and varied history prior to Wittgenstein’s use of it on a mere three occasions in the Philosophical Investigations. It is not a pivotal concept in Wittgenstein’s philosophy. But it is a minor signpost of a major reorientation of philosophy, philosophy of language and logic, and philosophy of mathematics that Wittgenstein instigated. For Wittgenstein sought to replace the conception of a language as a meaning calculus by an anthropological or ethnological conception. A language is not (...)
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  2.  26
    Elucidating Forms of Life. The Evolution of a Philosophical Tool.Anna Boncompagni - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:155-175.
    Although the expression “form of life” and its plural “forms of life” occur only five times in Philosophical Investigations, and generally few times in his works, it is commonly agreed that this is one of the most relevant issues in Wittgenstein’s later philosophy. Starting from the analysis of the contexts in which Wittgenstein makes use of this concept, the paper focuses on the different interpretations that have been given in secondary literature, and proposes a classification based on (...)
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  3.  10
    Critique of Forms of Life.Rahel Jaeggi - 2018 - Harvard University Press.
    For many liberals, the question "Do others live rightly?" feels inappropriate. Liberalism seems to demand a follow-up question: "Who am I to judge?" Peaceful coexistence, in this view, is predicated on restraint from morally evaluating our peers. But Rahel Jaeggi sees the situation differently. Criticizing is not only valid but also useful, she argues. Moral judgment is no error; the error lies in how we go about judging. One way to judge is external, based on universal standards derived from ideas (...)
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  4.  38
    Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice.Michael M. J. Fischer - 2003 - Duke University Press.
    Now, in Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice, path-breaking scholar Michael M. J. Fischer moves the discussion to a consideration of the ...
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  5. The Highest Poverty: Monastic Rules and Form-of-Life.Giorgio Agamben - 2013 - Stanford University Press.
    What is a rule, if it appears to become confused with life? And what is a human life, if, in every one of its gestures, of its words, and of its silences, it cannot be distinguished from the rule? It is to these questions that Agamben's new book turns by means of an impassioned reading of the fascinating and massive phenomenon of Western monasticism from Pachomius to St. Francis. The book reconstructs in detail the life of the (...)
     
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  6.  34
    Autism as a Form of Life: Wittgenstein and the Psychological Coherence of Autism.Robert Chapman - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (4):421-440.
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  7.  17
    Technological Forms of Life.Scott Lash - 2001 - Theory, Culture and Society 18 (1):105-120.
    This article attempts to gain purchase on the information society via the notion of `technological forms of life'. It first addresses the idea of `forms of life'. Forms of life are a mode of conceiving of culture that arose at the turn of the 20th century in conjunction with phenomenology. Previously, in early modernity, culture was conceived very much on a representational model. The rest of the essay explores the possibility that a new paradigm of culture, i.e. (...)
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  8.  71
    Forms of Life" in Wittgenstein's "Philosophical Investigations.J. F. M. Hunter - 1968 - American Philosophical Quarterly 5 (4):233 - 243.
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  9. Languages, Language-Games, and Forms of Life.Daniel Whiting - 2017 - In H.-J. Glock & J. Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell.
    In this paper, after outlining the methodological role Wittgenstein's appeal to language-games is supposed to play, I examine the picture of language which his discussion of such games and their relations to what Wittgenstein calls forms of life suggests. It is a picture according to which language and its employment are inextricably connected to wider contexts—they are embedded in specific natural and social environments, they are tied to purposive activities serving provincial needs, and caught up in distinctive ways of (...)
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  10. Wittgenstein on Forms of Life, Patterns of Life, and Ways of Living.Daniele Moyal-Sharrock - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:21-42.
    This paper aims to distinguish Wittgenstein’s concept of ‘form of life’ from other concepts or expressions that have been confused or conflated with it, such as ‘language-game’, ‘certainty’, ‘patterns of life’, ‘ways of living’ and ‘facts of living’. Competing interpretations of Wittgenstein’s ‘form of life’ are reviewed, and it is concluded that Wittgenstein intended both a singular and a plural use of the concept; with, where the human is concerned, a single human form of (...)
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  11.  28
    Voice as Form of Life and Life Form.Sandra Laugier - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:63-82.
    This paper studies the concept of form of life as central to ordinary language philosophy : philosophy of our language as spoken ; pronounced by a human voice within a form of life. Such an approach to Wittgenstein’s later philosophy shifts the question of the common use of language – central to Wittgenstein’s Investigations – to the definition of the subject as voice, and to the reinvention of subjectivity in language. The voice is both a subjective (...)
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  12.  63
    Wittgenstein and the Human Form of Life.Oswald Hanfling - 2002 - Routledge.
    Wittgenstein's later writings generate a great deal of controversy and debate, as do the implications of his ideas for such topics as consciousness, knowledge, language and the arts. Oswald Hanfling addresses a widespeard tendency to ascribe to Wittgenstein views that go beyond those he actually held. Separate chapters deal with important topics such as the private language argument, rule-following, the problem of other minds, and the ascription of scepticism to Wittgenstein. Describing Wittgenstein as a 'humanist' thinker, he contrasts his views (...)
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  13.  30
    Forms of Life and Forms of Discourse in Ancient Philosophy.Pierre Hadot, Arnold I. Davidson & Paula Wissing - 1990 - Critical Inquiry 16 (3):483-505.
    Here we are witness to the great cultural event of the West, the emergence of a Latin philosophical language translated from the Greek. Once again, it would be necessary to make a systematic study of the formation of this technical vocabulary that, thanks to Cicero, Seneca, Tertullian, Victorinus, Calcidius, Augustine, and Boethius, would leave its mark, by way of the Middle Ages, on the birth of modern thought. Can it be hoped that one day, with current technical means, it will (...)
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  14.  56
    Forms of Life and Following Rules: A Wittgensteinian Defence of Relativism.K. Barry Donald - 1996 - E.J. Brill.
    This book provides a defence of epistemological relativism against its most powerful opponents.
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  15.  41
    Mathematics and Forms of Life.Severin Schroeder - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:111-130.
    According to Wittgenstein, mathematics is embedded in, and partly constituting, a form of life. Hence, to imagine different, alternative forms of elementary mathematics, we should have to imagine different practices, different forms of life in which they could play a role. If we tried to imagine a radically different arithmetic we should think either of a strange world or of people acting and responding in very peculiar ways. If such was their practice, a calculus expressing the norms (...)
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  16.  47
    Form of Life in Wittgenstein's Later Work.Newton Garver - 1990 - Dialectica 44 (1‐2):175-201.
  17.  18
    Living À la Mode: Form-of-Life and Democratic Biopolitics in Giorgio Agamben’s The Use of Bodies.Sergei Prozorov - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (2):144-163.
    The publication of The Use of Bodies, the final volume in Giorgio Agamben’s Homo Sacer series, makes it possible to take stock of Agamben’s project as a whole. Having started with a powerful critique of the biopolitical sovereignty as the essence of modern politics, Agamben concludes his project with an affirmative vision of inoperative politics of form-of-life, in which life is not negated or sacrificed to the privileged form it must attain, but rather remains inseparable from (...)
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  18.  33
    The Forms of Life: Complexity, History, and Actuality.Tom Cheetham - 1993 - Environmental Ethics 15 (4):293-311.
    A fundamental misapprehension of the nature of our being in the world underlies the general inhumanity and incoherence of modern culture. The belief that abstraction as a mode of knowing can be universalized to provide a rational ground for all human knowledge and action is a pernicious and unacknowledged background to several modern diseases. Illustrative of these maladies is the seeming dichotomy between the aesthetic and the analytic approaches to nature. One critical arena in which the incoherences of our current (...)
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  19. Styles of Reasoning, Human Forms of Life, and Relativism.Luca Sciortino - 2016 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 30 (2):165-184.
    The question as to whether Ian Hacking’s project of scientific styles of thinking entails epistemic relativism has received considerable attention. However, scholars have never discussed it vis-à-vis Wittgenstein. This is unfortunate: not only is Wittgenstein the philosopher who, together with Foucault, has influenced Hacking the most, but he has also faced the same accusation of ‘relativism’. I shall explore the conceptual similarities and differences between Hacking’s notion of style of thinking and Wittgenstein’s conception of form of life. It (...)
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  20.  2
    Belief, Change, and Forms of Life.D. Z. Phillips - 1986 - Humanities Press.
  21.  14
    Xenobiology: A New Form of Life as the Ultimate Biosafety Tool.Markus Schmidt - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (4):322-331.
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  22.  11
    Morality and Our Complicated Form of Life: Feminist Wittgensteinian Metaethics.Peg O'Connor - 2008 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    "A reassessment of metaethics that attempts to undermine the nature/normativity or world/language divide, and offer an alternative account of the world-language relationship.
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  23.  25
    Forms of Life: Back to Basics.Hans Johann Glock - 2000 - In .
  24.  32
    Forms of Life.Kathleen Emmett - 1990 - Philosophical Investigations 13 (3):213-231.
  25.  59
    Wittgenstein and Forms of Life.Nicholas F. Gier - 1980 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 10 (3):241-258.
  26.  9
    Critique of Forms of Life or Critique of Pervasive Doctrines?Alessandro Pinzani - 2019 - Critical Horizons:1-10.
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  27.  67
    Forms of Life of Mathematical Objects.Jedrzejewski Franck - 2020 - Rue Descartes 97 (1):115-130.
    What could be more inert than mathematical objects? Nothing distinguishes them from rocks and yet, if we examine them in their historical perspective, they don't actually seem to be as lifeless as they do at first. Conceived as they are by humans, they offer a glimpse of the breath that brings them to life. Caught in the web of a language, they cannot extricate themselves from the form that the tensive forces constraining them have given them. While they (...)
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  28.  19
    Forms of Life, Forms of Reality.Piergiorgio Donatelli - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:43-62.
    The article explores aspects of the notion of forms of life in the Wittgensteinian tradition especially following Iris Murdoch’s lead. On the one hand, the notion signals the hardness and inexhaustible character of reality, as the background needed in order to make sense of our lives in various ways. On the other, the hardness of reality is the object of a moral work of apprehension and deepening to the point at which its distinctive character dissolves into the family of (...)
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  29.  4
    Actions, Habits and Forms of Life.Daniel Rueda Garrido - 2020 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 50 (3):321-334.
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  30.  6
    Forms of Life: Character and Moral Imagination in the Novel (Review).Michael McClintick - 1984 - Philosophy and Literature 8 (1):139-140.
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  31. Whether Certainty is a Form of Life.Elizabeth Wolgast - 1987 - Philosophical Quarterly 37 (147):151-165.
  32.  55
    Technologies as Forms of Life.Langdon Winner - 1997 - In Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Laura Westra (eds.), Technology and Values. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 55--69.
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  33.  8
    Criticizing Forms of Life. Weighing Wittgenstein’s Role in Political Theory.Bastian Reichardt - 2018 - Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie 1 (2):305-319.
    One branch of practical philosophy in whichWittgenstein’s writings might be fruitful, is political philosophy. The concept “forms of life” gives rise to a pluralistic interpretation of society. However, the question arises how societal conflicts in such a pluralistic view con be solved. We will develop a method of criticism which relies on Wittgenstein’s later work and which combines the normative demands of practical philosophy with methodological standards from ethnology and cultural anthropology.
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  34. A Grammar of the Multitude: For an Analysis of Contemporary Forms of Life.Paolo Virno - 2004 - Semiotext(E).
  35.  34
    Form-of-Life: From Politics to Aesthetics (and Back).Jason E. Smith - 2013 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 23 (44-45).
    This article examines an often-mentioned but largely undeveloped concept in the work of Giorgio Agamben and in particular his Homo Sacer project: form-of-life. What is at stake in this concept is, I attempt to show, a way of thinking “politics” outside of the space of sovereignty. By examining a short text on this notion published just before the opening installment of the Homo Sacer sequence, this article demonstrates the way this early formulation of the concept is indebted to (...)
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  36.  4
    The Forms of Life: Complexity, History, and Actuality.Tom Cheetham - 1993 - Environmental Ethics 15 (4):293-311.
    A fundamental misapprehension of the nature of our being in the world underlies the general inhumanity and incoherence of modern culture. The belief that abstraction as a mode of knowing can be universalized to provide a rational ground for all human knowledge and action is a pernicious and unacknowledged background to several modern diseases. Illustrative of these maladies is the seeming dichotomy between the aesthetic and the analytic approaches to nature. One critical arena in which the incoherences of our current (...)
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  37.  35
    The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. [Les Formes Élémentaires de la Vie Religieuse, Le Systeme Totémique En Australie]. Transl. By Joseph Ward Swain. Intr. By Robert Nisbet. (2. Ed.).Émile Durkheim - 1915 - New York: the Macmillan Company.
    In The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912), Emile Durkheim sets himself the task of discovering the enduring source of human social identity.
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  38.  44
    Immanence Plan and Forms of Life Presenting a Study Guide About Gilles Deleuze.Jairo Dias Carvalho - 2005 - Trans/Form/Ação 28 (1):119-132.
    This text intends to show a kind of aprproach and introduction to Deleuze's work. Based on the problem of the non-existence of consensus in the world of life, we feel the need to start thinking and formulating the concept of virtual multiplicity. Then we present a kind of guide to do so. The solution to the problem of plurality and difference is the concept of forms of life formulated and thought in acordance with Deleuze.O texto pretende mostrar um (...)
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  39.  22
    A Farewell to Forms of Life.E. F. Thompkins - 1990 - Philosophy 65 (252):181 - 197.
    The little boy who announced to a shocked court that the emperor was dressed in nothing but his birthday suit was no mean philosopher in the Wittgensteinian mode. Immune from bewitchment by language he followed blindly, figuratively speaking, the rule of ‘look and see’; any explanation being superfluous since everything lay exposed to view, he described what he saw in everyday words stripped of metaphysical gloss and used in a language-game they could happily call home. Such impeccable philosophical credentials and (...)
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  40.  56
    The Perceptual Form of Life.Christine A. Skarda - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    To view organismic functioning in terms of integration is a mistake, although the concept has dominated scientific thinking this century. The operative concept for interpreting the organism proposed here is that of ‘articulation’ or decomposition rather than that of composition from segregated parts. It is asserted that holism is the fundamental state of all phenomena, including organisms. The impact of this changed perspective on perceptual theorizing is profound. Rather than viewing it as a process resulting from internal integration of isolated (...)
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  41. Does Knowledge Rest Upon a Form of Life?Andrea Kern - 2015 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 5 (1):13-28.
    _ Source: _Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 13 - 28 Linking the idea of knowledge with the idea of a certain form of life is uncontestedly one of the lessons the later Wittgenstein wanted to teach us. However, what Wittgenstein exactly meant by this is highly contested in the Wittgenstein literature. In this paper, I distinguish two ways of appealing to the idea of a form of life in order to understand knowledge. According to the first (...)
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  42.  32
    Tractarian Form as the Precursor to Forms of Life.Chon Tejedor - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:83-109.
    Interpreters are divided on the question of whether the phrase ‘form of life’ is used univocally in Wittgenstein’s later writings. Some univocal interpreters suggest that, for Wittgenstein, ‘form of life’ captures a uniquely biological notion: the biologically human form of life. Others suggest that it captures a cultural notion: the notion of differently enculturated forms of human life. Non-univocal interpreters, in contrast, argue that Wittgenstein does not use ‘form of life’ univocally, (...)
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  43.  1
    Forms of Life and the Phenomenological Ontology of Conversion.Daniel ‘Drugar’ Rueda Garrido - forthcoming - Sophia:1-15.
    In this article, my purpose is to explore conversion in its onto-phenomenological structure. To this end, in the first section, I develop a notion of form of life as an ontological unit. That is, the totality of the possible actions of a subject according to the principle that drives him/her. In this way, the subject is the result of the actions that constitute the adopted form of life. In the second section, I hold that all conversion (...)
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  44.  54
    The Ghost of Wittgenstein: Forms of Life, Scientific Method, and Cultural Critique.William T. Lynch - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):139-174.
    In developing an "internal" sociology of science, the sociology of scientific knowledge drew on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy to reinterpret traditional epistemological topics in sociological terms. By construing scientific reasoning as rule following within a collective, sociologists David Bloor and Harry Collins effectively blocked outside criticism of a scientific field, whether scientific, philosophical, or political. Ethnomethodologist Michael Lynch developed an alternative, Wittgensteinian reading that similarly blocked philosophical or political critique, while also disallowing analytical appeals to historical or institutional contexts. I criticize (...)
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  45.  11
    Is Religion a "Form of Life"?Patrick Sherry - 1972 - American Philosophical Quarterly 9 (2):159 - 167.
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  46.  4
    The Form of Life of Sanctity in Music Beyond Hagiography: The Case of John Coltrane and His “Ascension”.Gabriele Marino - forthcoming - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique:1-18.
    The paper investigates the cultural unit of “sanctity” in the light of the notion of “form of life”, in order to show how jazz master John Coltrane pursued sanctity as a regulative model with regards both to personhood and musicianship, so as to translate his existential quest into music. Firstly, the paper briefly summarizes: what we mean today by sanctity ; what are the relationships interweaving music and sanctity ; what we mean by form of life—a (...)
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  47.  16
    Literary Forms of Life.Felicia Martinez - 2013 - Philosophy and Literature 37 (1):247-256.
    A common contention of literary criticism is that literary forms can express, reflect, shape, represent or otherwise give form to human life. Literature can seem to offer the same idea as a promise of life’s meaningfulness; where expressive form is powerful, life need not be empty. Can literary forms give form to human life? I will argue for one sense in which this is true. As will become clear, at stake in this inquiry (...)
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  48.  11
    Can a Form of Life Be Wrong?: Lawrence M. Hinman.Lawrence M. Hinman - 1983 - Philosophy 58 (225):339-351.
    In recent years, a particular doctrine about forms of life has come to be associated with Wittgenstein's name by followers and critics of his philosophy alike. It is not a doctrine which Wittgenstein espoused or even, given his understanding of philosophy, one which he could have accepted; nor is it worthy of acceptance on its own merits. I shall here outline the standard interpretation of Wittgenstein's remarks on forms of life, consider the textual basis for such a reading (...)
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  49.  24
    The Boundaries of the “We:” Cruelty, Responsibility and Forms of Life.Veena Das - 2016 - Critical Horizons 17 (2):168-185.
    This paper establishes a dialogue between the later works of Wittgenstein, those of Cavell and the novels of J. M. Coetzee concerning the problem of violence, authority and the authoritative voice. By drawing on J. M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians and Diary of a Bad Year, the paper discusses lessons and insights on the nature of violence and the ways in which it can be accepted as “normal.” The term “normalization” is used in order to show how violence and (...)
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  50.  39
    Editors' Introduction: Form-of-Life: Giorgio Agamben, Ontology and Politics.Richard Bailey, Daniel McLoughlin & Jessica Whyte - 2010 - Theory and Event 13 (1).
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