Search results for 'forms' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  28
    Domènec Melé (2005). Exploring the Principle of Subsidiarity in Organisational Forms. Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3):293-305.
    The paper starts with a case study of a medium-sized company in which a strong and successful change in the organisational form and job design took place. A bureaucratic organisation with highly-specialised jobs was converted into a new organisation in which employees became much more autonomous in managing their own work. This not only entailed new techniques and managerial systems but also a new anthropological vision. Bureaucratic rules were reduced, but not eliminated completely, and management became less authoritarian. Employees could (...)
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  2.  21
    Christian Helmut Wenzel (2015). Chinese Gestures, Forms of Life, and Relativism. Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 23:331-333.
    In this essay I focus on Wittgenstein's discussion of how we understand and feel about people that come from cultures very different from our own. Wittgenstein writes about "guessing thoughts", "regularities", and "common human behaviour" (gemeinsame menschliche Handlungsweise) in this context. I argue that his idea about given forms of life that we should "accept", will be problematic if we want to find a meaningful way of relating to such people with whom we "cannot find our feet" (in die (...)
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  3.  14
    Christian Wallmann & Gernot D. Kleiter (2014). Probability Propagation in Generalized Inference Forms. Studia Logica 102 (4):913-929.
    Probabilistic inference forms lead from point probabilities of the premises to interval probabilities of the conclusion. The probabilistic version of Modus Ponens, for example, licenses the inference from \({P(A) = \alpha}\) and \({P(B|A) = \beta}\) to \({P(B)\in [\alpha\beta, \alpha\beta + 1 - \alpha]}\) . We study generalized inference forms with three or more premises. The generalized Modus Ponens, for example, leads from \({P(A_{1}) = \alpha_{1}, \ldots, P(A_{n})= \alpha_{n}}\) and \({P(B|A_{1} \wedge \cdots \wedge A_{n}) = \beta}\) to an according (...)
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  4.  21
    Catherine Legg (2008). Argument-Forms Which Turn Invalid Over Infinite Domains: Physicalism as Supertask? Contemporary Pragmatism 5 (1):1-11.
    Argument-forms exist which are valid over finite but not infinite domains. Despite understanding of this by formal logicians, philosophers can be observed treating as valid arguments which are in fact invalid over infinite domains. In support of this claim I will first present an argument against the classical pragmatist theory of truth by Mark Johnston. Then, more ambitiously, I will suggest the fallacy lurks in certain arguments for physicalism taken for granted by many philosophers today.
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  5.  47
    Jeff Stickney (2008). Wittgenstein's 'Relativity': Training in Language-Games and Agreement in Forms of Life. Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (5):621-637.
    Taking Wittgenstein's love of music as my impetus, I approach aporetic problems of epistemic relativity through a round of three overlapping (canonical) inquiries delivered in contrapuntal (higher and lower) registers. I first take up the question of scepticism surrounding 'groundless knowledge' and contending paradigms in On Certainty (physics versus oracular divination, or realism versus idealism) with attention given to the role of 'bedrock' certainties in providing stability amidst the Heraclitean flux. I then look into the formation of sedimented bedrock knowledge, (...)
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  6.  83
    Polycarp Ikuenobe (2011). Conceptualizing Racism and Its Subtle Forms. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (2):161-181.
    Many people are talking about being in a post-racial era, which implies that we have overcome race and racism. Their argument is based on the fact that manyof the virulent manifestations of racism are not prevalent today. I argue that racism is not seen as prevalent today because the commonplace views of racism fail to capture the more subtle and insidious new forms of racism. I critically examine some of these views and indicate that racism, its forms and (...)
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  7.  8
    Anna Boncompagni (2015). Elucidating Forms of Life. The Evolution of a Philosophical Tool. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:155-175.
    Although the expression “form of life” and its plural “forms of life” occur only five times in Philosophical Investigations, and generally few times in his works, it is commonly agreed that this is one of the most relevant issues in Wittgenstein’s later philosophy. Starting from the analysis of the contexts in which Wittgenstein makes use of this concept, the paper focuses on the different interpretations that have been given in secondary literature, and proposes a classification based on two axes (...)
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  8. William J. Prior (1983). The Concept of "Paradeigma" [Greek] in Plato's Theory of Forms. Apeiron 17 (1):33-42.
    Scholars often assume that when Plato said that Forms are paradeigmata he meant that they were exemplars of the property they represent. I argue that "paradeigma" is better read as "pattern" than "exemplar." This reading is compatible with Plato's use of the term in all passages except Parm. 132d, where Parmenides misinterprets the term to make the theory of Forms susceptible to the Third Man Argument.
     
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  9.  30
    Pieter dHoine (2011). Aristotles Criticism of Non-Substance Forms and its Interpretation by the Neoplatonic Commentators. Phronesis 56 (3):262-307.
    Aristotle's criticism of Platonic Forms in the Metaphysics has been a major source for the understanding and developments of the theory of Forms in later Antiquity. One of the cases in point is Aristotle's argument, in Metaphysics I 9, 990b22-991a2, against Forms of non-substances. In this paper, I will first provide a careful analysis of this passage. Next, I will discuss how the argument has been interpreted - and refuted - by the fifth-century Neoplatonists Syrianus and Proclus. (...)
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  10.  9
    Michael Wiitala (2015). Non-Being and the Structure of Privative Forms in Plato’s Sophist. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (2):277-286.
    In Plato’s Statesman, the Eleatic Stranger explains that the division of all human beings into Greek and barbarian is mistaken in that it fails to divide reality into genuine classes or forms (eidē). The division fails because “barbarian” names a privative form, that is, a form properly indicated via negation: non-Greek. This paper examines how the Stranger characterizes privative forms in the Sophist. I argue that although the Stranger is careful to define privative forms as fully determinate, (...)
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  11.  11
    Maria Isabel Aldinhas Ferreira (2012). Interactive Bodies: The Semiosis of Architectural Forms. Biosemiotics 5 (2):269-289.
    In this paper architectural forms are presented as symbolic forms issued from the complex semiosis that characterises human cognition (Ferreira (2007, 2010)). Being semiotic objects, these symbolic forms are, consequently, context- dependent_they emerge and have meaning, i.e., they are assigned a functional and/or aesthetic value, in particular physical, social and cultural frameworks. As it happens with all semiotic objects, architectural forms, whatever their nature, are not static but highly interactive. In fact, they act as agents of (...)
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  12.  4
    George Bowles (1999). The Asymmetry Thesis and the Diversity of "Invalid" Argument-Forms. Informal Logic 19 (1).
    According to the Asymmetry Thesis, whereas there are many kinds of argument-forms that make at least some of their instances valid, there is none that makes any of its instances invalid. To refute this thesis, a counterexample has been produced in the form of an argument-form whose premise-form's instances are all logically true and whose conclusion form's instances are all logically false. The purpose of this paper is to show that there are many more kinds of argument-forms that (...)
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  13.  8
    Marnie Hughes-Warrington (1997). Collingwood and the Early Paul Hirst on the Forms of Experience-Knowledge and Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 45 (2):156 - 173.
    Paul Hirst's 'forms of knowledge' thesis has been the subject of much discussion and debate in educational circles. Hirst's claim that such forms exist is not original but, as R. S. Peters claimed, his account is distinctive in its application to the school curriculum. This paper calls for a revision of Peters's claim on the grounds that R. G. Collingwood's writings on the forms of experience not only refer to the school curriculum, but also point up an (...)
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  14. Anna Marmodoro (2008). In Being One Only One? The Argument for the Uniqueness of the Platonic Forms. Apeiron (4):211-227.
    ‘Is being one only one? – The Argument for the Uniqueness of Platonic Forms’ Abstract: Each Form is unique in number; no two numerically distinct Forms can share the same nature. Plato argues for this claim in Republic X. I identify the metaphysical principles Plato presupposes in the premises of the argument, by examining the reasoning behind them, and offer a reconstruction of the argument showing the principles in use. I argue that the metaphysical significance of the argument’s (...)
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  15.  3
    James Sikkema (2009). On The Necessity of Individual Forms in Plotinus. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 3 (2):138-153.
    Each particular possesses its own form by virtue of its rational principle by which it expresses its universal in its unified and intelligible individuality. Logos is able to express its form uniquely because of the infinite possibilities inherent within and among the perfect, immutable Forms ; all of the possibilities of formal expression exist within the intelligible cosmos. Insofar as this is the case, particular forms can be identified qua individual, by virtue of their intrinsic unity; the oneness (...)
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  16. J. Gentzler (2007). RM Dancy, Plato's Introduction of Forms. Philosophy in Review 27 (5):327.
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  17. Jurgis Brakas (2011). The Existence of Forms : Plato's Argument From the Possibility of Knowledge. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell
  18.  5
    J. J. Gibson (1929). The Reproduction of Visually Perceived Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 12 (1):1.
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  19.  7
    T. R. Austin & R. B. Sleight (1952). Accuracy of Tactual Discrimination of Letters, Numerals, and Geometric Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (3):239.
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  20.  2
    Harold W. Hake & Charles W. Eriksen (1956). Role of Response Variables in Recognition and Identification of Complex Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (4):235.
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  21.  16
    M. Dusche (1995). Interpreted Logical Forms as Objects of the Attitudes. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (4):301-315.
    Two arguments favoring propositionalist accounts of attitude sentences are being revisited: the Church-Langford translation argument and Thomason's argument against quotational theories of indirect discourse. None of them proves to be decisive, thus leaving the option of searching for a developed quotational alternative. Such an alternative is found in an interpreted logical form theory of attitude ascription. The theory differentiates elegantly among different attitudes but it fails to account for logical dependencies among them. It is argued, however, that the concept of (...)
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  22.  6
    Thomas L. Bennett & Henry C. Ellis (1968). Tactual-Kinesthetic Feedback From Manipulation of Visual Forms and Nondifferential Reinforcement in Transfer of Perceptual Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):495.
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  23.  3
    N. G. Hanawalt & I. H. Demarest (1939). The Effect of Verbal Suggestion in the Recall Period Upon the Reproduction of Visually Perceived Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):159.
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  24.  5
    William C. Howell & Conrad L. Kraft (1961). The Judgment of Size, Contrast, and Sharpness of Letter Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (1):30.
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  25.  4
    Gerald D. Nielsen & Edward E. Smith (1973). Imaginal and Verbal Representations in Short-Term Recognition of Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):375.
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  26.  4
    K. Keremedis & E. Tachtsis (2001). Some Weak Forms of the Axiom of Choice Restricted to the Real Line. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 47 (3):413-422.
    It is shown that AC, the axiom of choice for families of non-empty subsets of the real line ℝ, does not imply the statement PW, the powerset of ℝ can be well ordered. It is also shown that the statement “the set of all denumerable subsets of ℝ has size 2math image” is strictly weaker than AC and each of the statements “if every member of an infinite set of cardinality 2math image has power 2math image, then the union has (...)
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  27.  4
    S. Djang (1937). The Role of Past Experience in the Visual Apprehension of Masked Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (1):29.
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  28.  4
    Charles W. Eriksen & Joseph S. Lappin (1967). Selective Attention and Very Short-Term Recognition Memory for Nonsense Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):358.
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  29.  2
    Larry C. Kerpelman (1965). Preexposure to Visually Presented Forms and Non-Differential Reinforcement in Perceptual Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):257.
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  30.  2
    Robert B. Sleight (1952). The Relative Discriminability of Several Geometric Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (4):324.
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  31.  2
    Charles W. Eriksen & Robert L. Colegate (1970). Identification of Forms at Brief Durations When Seen in Apparent Motion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):137.
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  32.  2
    H. Woodrow (1928). Behavior with Respect to Short Temporal Stimulus Forms. II. Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (4):259.
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  33.  1
    H. Gurnee (1939). The Effect of Mild Annoyance Upon the Learning of Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):215.
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  34.  1
    Richard A. Steffy & Charles W. Eriksen (1965). Short-Term, Perceptual-Recognition Memory for Tachistoscopically Presented Nonsense Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (3):277.
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  35. H. Gurnee, B. E. Witzeman & M. Heller (1940). Comparative Retention of Open and Closed Visual Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (1):66.
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  36. W. Israel (1970). Differential Forms in General Relativity. Dublin,Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
     
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  37.  30
    Itziar Castelló & Josep M. Lozano (2011). Searching for New Forms of Legitimacy Through Corporate Responsibility Rhetoric. Journal of Business Ethics 100 (1):11 - 29.
    This article looks into the process of searching for new forms of legitimacy among firms through corporate discourse. Through the analysis of annual sustainability reports, we have determined the existence of three types of rhetoric: (1) strategic (embedded in the scientific-economic paradigm); (2) institutional (based on the fundamental constructs of Corporate Social Responsibility theories); and (3) dialectic (which aims at improving the discursive quality between the corporations and their stakeholders). Each one of these refers to a different form of (...)
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  38. Ernst Cassirer (1953). The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms. New Haven, Yale University Press.
    v. 1. Language.--v. 2. Mythical thought.--v. 3. The phenomenology of knowledge.--v. 4. The metaphysics of symbolic forms.
     
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  39.  14
    Laura Silva-Castañeda (2012). A Forest of Evidence: Third-Party Certification and Multiple Forms of Proof—a Case Study of Oil Palm Plantations in Indonesia. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 29 (3):361-370.
    In recent years, new forms of transnational regulation have emerged, filling the void created by the failure of governments and international institutions to effectively regulate transnational corporations. Among the variety of initiatives addressing social and environmental problems, a growing number of certification systems have appeared in various sectors, particularly agrifood. Most initiatives rely on independent third-party certification to verify compliance with a standard, as it is seen as the most credible route for certification. The effects of third-party audits, however, (...)
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  40.  15
    Émile Durkheim (1926). The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. New York, the Macmillan Company.
    In The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912), Emile Durkheim sets himself the task of discovering the enduring source of human social identity.
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  41.  27
    Daniel N. Stern (2010). Forms of Vitality: Exploring Dynamic Experience in Psychology, the Arts, Psychotherapy, and Development. OUP Oxford.
    In his new book, eminent psychologist - Daniel Stern, explores the hitherto neglected topic of 'vitality'. Truly a tour de force from a brilliant clinician and scientist, Forms of Vitality is a profound and absorbing book - one that will be essential reading for psychologists, psychotherapists, and those in the creative arts.
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  42. Robert Fiengo & Robert May (1996). Interpreted Logical Forms: A Critique. Rivista Di Linguistica 8 (2):349-373.
    Interpreted Logical Forms are objects composed of a syntactic structure annotated with the semantic values of each node of the structure. We criticize the view that ILFs are the objects of propositional attitude verbs such as believe, as this is developed by Larson and Ludlow. Our critique arises from a tension in the way that sen-.
     
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  43. Andrew Moon (2012). Three Forms of Internalism and the New Evil Demon Problem. Episteme 9 (4):345-360.
    The new evil demon problem is often considered to be a serious obstacle for externalist theories of epistemic justification. In this paper, I aim to show that the new evil demon problem also afflicts the two most prominent forms of internalism: moderate internalism and historical internalism. Since virtually all internalists accept at least one of these two forms, it follows that virtually all internalists face the NEDP. My secondary thesis is that many epistemologists face a dilemma. The only (...)
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  44. Bas Olthof, Anco Peeters, Kimberly Schelle & Pim Haselager (2013). If You're Smart, We'll Make You Smarter. Applying the Reasoning Behind the Development of Honours Programmes to Other Forms of Cognitive Enhancement. In Federica Lucivero & Anton Vedder (eds.), Beyond Therapy v. Enhancement? Multidisciplinary analyses of a heated debate. Pisa University Press 117-142.
    Students using Ritalin in preparation for their exams is a hotly debated issue, while meditating or drinking coffee before those same exams is deemed uncontroversial. However, taking Ritalin, meditating and drinking coffee or even education in general, can all be considered forms of cognitive enhancement. Although social acceptance might change in the future, it is interesting to examine the current reasons that are used to distinguish cases deemed problematic or unproblematic. Why are some forms of cognitive enhancement considered (...)
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  45.  10
    Karen Detlefsen (forthcoming). Women, Liberty, and Forms of Feminism. In Jacqueline Broad & Karen Detlefsen (eds.), Women and Liberty, 1600-1800: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press
    This chapter shows how Mary Astell and Margaret Cavendish can reasonably be understood as early feminists in three senses of the term. First, they are committed to the natural equality of men and women, and related, they are committed to equal opportunity of education for men and women. Second, they are committed to social structures that help women develop authentic selves and thus autonomy understood in one sense of the word. Third, they acknowledge the power of production relationships, especially friendships (...)
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  46.  40
    Erik Parens (2013). On Good and Bad Forms of Medicalization. Bioethics 27 (1):28-35.
    The ongoing ‘enhancement’ debate pits critics of new self-shaping technologies against enthusiasts. One important thread of that debate concerns medicalization, the process whereby ‘non-medical’ problems become framed as ‘medical’ problems.In this paper I consider the charge of medicalization, which critics often level at new forms of technological self-shaping, and explain how that charge can illuminate – and obfuscate. Then, more briefly, I examine the charge of pharmacological Calvinism, which enthusiasts, in their support of technological self-shaping, often level at critics. (...)
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  47. Gail Fine (2003). Plato on Knowledge and Forms: Selected Essays. Oxford University Press.
    Plato on Knowledge and Forms brings together a set of connected essays by Gail Fine, in her main area of research since the late 1970s: Plato's metaphysics and epistemology. She discusses central issues in Plato's metaphysics and epistemology, issues concerning the nature and extent of knowledge, and its relation to perception, sensibles, and forms; and issues concerning the nature of forms, such as whether they are universals or particulars, separate or immanent, and whether they are causes. A (...)
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  48.  29
    Anne Warfield Rawls (2004). Epistemology and Practice: Durkheim's the Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Cambridge University Press.
    Anne Warfield Rawls argues that, although Durkheim's The Elementary Forms of Religion is the crowning achievement of his sociological accomplishments, it has been consistently misunderstood. Rather than a work on primitive religion or the sociology of knowledge, Rawls asserts that Durkheim's analysis represents an attempt to establish a unique epistemological basis for the study of sociology and moral relations. Based on detailed analysis of the primary text, this book will be an important and original contribution to contemporary debates on (...)
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  49.  17
    Asya Al-Riyami, Deepali Jaju, Sanjay Jaju & Henry J. Silverman (2011). The Adequacy of Informed Consent Forms in Genetic Research in Oman: A Pilot Study. Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):57-62.
    Genetic research presents ethical challenges to the achievement of valid informed consent, especially in developing countries with areas of low literacy. During the last several years, a number of genetic research proposals involving Omani nationals were submitted to the Department of Research and Studies, Ministry of Health, Oman.The objective of this paper is to report on the results of an internal quality assurance initiative to determine the extent of the information being provided in genetic research informed consent forms. In (...)
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  50.  17
    David Sedley (2016). An Introduction to Plato's Theory of Forms. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 78:3-22.
    This lecture was designed as an introduction to Plato's theory of Forms. Reference is made to key passages of Plato's dialogues, but no guidance on further reading is offered, and numerous controversies about the theory's interpretation are left in the background. An initial sketch of the theory's origins in the inquiries of Plato's teacher Socrates is followed by an explanation of the Forms metaphysical relation to sensible particulars, their, and the range of items that have Forms. Finally, (...)
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