Results for 'function argument'

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  1. Aristotle's Argument for a Human Function.Rachel Barney - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 34:293-322.
    A generally ignored feature of Aristotle’s famous function argument is its reliance on the claim that practitioners of the crafts (technai) have functions: but this claim does important work. Aristotle is pointing to the fact that we judge everyday rational agency and agents by norms which are independent of their contingent desires: a good doctor is not just one who happens to achieve his personal goals through his work. But, Aristotle argues, such norms can only be binding on (...)
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    Argument Has No Function.Jean Goodwin - 2005 - Informal Logic 27 (1):69-90.
    Douglas Walton has been right in calling us to attend to the pragmatics of argument. He has, however, also insisted that arguments should be understood and assessed by considering the functions they perform; and from this, I dissent. Argument has no determinable function in the sense Walton needs, and even if it did, that function would not ground norms for argumentative practice. As an alternative to a functional theory of argumentative pragmatics, I propose a design view, (...)
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    Frege's Use of Function-Argument Analysis and His Introduction of Truth-Values as Objects.Michael Beaney - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 75 (1):93-123.
    One of Frege's most characteristic ideas is his conception of truth-values as objects. On his account (from 1891 onwards), concepts are functions that map objects onto one of the two truth-values, the True and the False. These two truth-values are also seen as objects, an implication of Frege's sharp distinction between objects and functions. Crucial to this account is his use of function-argument analysis, and in this paper I explore the relationship between this use and his introduction of (...)
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  4. The Concept of Ergon: Towards An Achievement Interpretation of Aristotle's 'Function Argument'.Samuel H. Baker - 2015 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 48:227-266.
    In Nicomachean Ethics 1. 7, Aristotle gives a definition of the human good, and he does so by means of the “ ergon argument.” I clear the way for a new interpretation of this argument by arguing that Aristotle does not think that the ergon of something is always the proper activity of that thing. Though he has a single concept of an ergon, Aristotle identifies the ergon of an X as an activity in some cases but a (...)
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    Function and Argument in Begriffsschrift.Badesa Calixto & Millán Joan Bertran-San - 2017 - History and Philosophy of Logic 38 (4):316-341.
    It is well known that the formal system developed by Frege in Begriffsschrift is based upon the distinction between function and argument—as opposed to the traditional distinction between subject and predicate. Almost all of the modern commentaries on Frege's work suggest a semantic interpretation of this distinction, and identify it with the ontological structure of function and object, upon which Grundgesetze is based. Those commentaries agree that the system proposed by Frege in Begriffsschrift has some gaps, but (...)
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  6. Aristotle's Function Argument: A Defense.Jennifer Whiting - 1988 - Ancient Philosophy 8 (1):33-48.
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    Function and Argument in Begriffsschrift.Calixto Badesa Cortes & Joan Bertran-San Millán - 2017 - History and Philosophy of Logic 38 (4):316-341.
    It is well known that the formal system developed by Frege in Begriffsschrift is based upon the distinction between function and argument—as opposed to the traditional distinction between subject and predicate. Almost all of the modern commentaries on Frege's work suggest a semantic interpretation of this distinction, and identify it with the ontological structure of function and object, upon which Grundgesetze is based. Those commentaries agree that the system proposed by Frege in Begriffsschrift has some gaps, but (...)
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    Aristotle’s Nicomachean Function Argument.David Charles - 2017 - Philosophical Inquiry 41 (2-3):95-104.
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  9. The Function of the Function Argument.Gavin Lawrence - 2001 - Ancient Philosophy 21 (2):445-475.
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  10.  92
    Is Aristotle's Function Argument Fallacious? Part 1, Groundwork.Gavin Lawrence - 2009 - Philosophical Inquiry 31 (1-2):191-224.
  11.  47
    Aristotle's Function Argument and the Concept of Mental Illness.Christopher Megone - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):187-201.
  12.  85
    Aristotle's Function Argument.Jennifer Whiting - 1988 - Ancient Philosophy 8 (1):33 - 48.
  13.  13
    Is Aristotle's Function Argument Fallacious? Part 1, Groundwork: Initial Clarification of Objections.Gavin Lawrence - 2009 - Philosophical Inquiry 31 (1/2):191-224.
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  14.  8
    Second Commentary on" Aristotle's Function Argument".Thomas Stephen Szasz - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (1):3-16.
  15.  6
    Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense.Jennifer Whiting - 1988 - Ancient Philosophy 8 (1):33-48.
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    Aristotle's Function Argument.Sean McAleer - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  17.  5
    Commentary on" Aristotle's Function Argument and the Concept of Mental Illness".Thomas Stephen Szasz - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):203-207.
  18.  22
    Function-Argument Analysis in Early Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney - unknown
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  19.  2
    Commentary on" Aristotle's Function Argument and the Concept of Mental Illness".K. W. Fulford - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):215-220.
  20.  1
    Commentary on" Aristotle's Function Argument and the Concept of Mental Illness".Angela Hobbs - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):209-213.
  21.  8
    A New Argument for the Nomological Interpretation of the Wave Function: The Galilean Group and the Classical Limit of Nonrelativistic Quantum Mechanics.Valia Allori - 2017 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
    In this paper I investigate, within the framework of realistic interpretations of the wave function in nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, the mathematical and physical nature of the wave function. I argue against the view that mathematically the wave function is a two-component scalar field on configuration space. First, I review how this view makes quantum mechanics non- Galilei invariant and yields the wrong classical limit. Moreover, I argue that interpreting the wave function as a ray, in agreement (...)
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    An Argument Against the Realistic Interpretation of the Wave Function.Carlo Rovelli - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (10):1229-1237.
    Testable predictions of quantum mechanics are invariant under time reversal. But the evolution of the quantum state in time is not so, neither in the collapse nor in the no-collapse interpretations of the theory. This is a fact that challenges any realistic interpretation of the quantum state. On the other hand, this fact raises no difficulty if we interpret the quantum state as a mere calculation device, bookkeeping past real quantum events.
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    The True Function of the Generalization Argument.Roland Paul Blum - 1970 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 13 (1-4):274 – 288.
    An examination of its employment in ethical disputes reveals that the generalization argument (the question, 'What if everyone did x?') is not based upon utilitarian calculation and that its effectiveness depends upon the existence of institutions contrary to the ones it hypothesizes. The basis of moral valuation, therefore, remains in the actual institutions presupposed by the generalization argument rather than in the argument itself which is used exclusively against persons whose acts violate current institutional rules. It seeks (...)
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    ""Aristotle as Sociobiologist: The" Function of a Human Being" Argument, Black Box Essentialism, and the Concept of Mental Disorder.Jerome C. Wakefield - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (1):17-44.
  25.  9
    The Function of Faith in the Ontological Argument.Henry G. Wolz - 1951 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 25:151-163.
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    The Processing of Verb-Argument Constructions is Sensitive to Form, Function, Frequency, Contingency and Prototypicality.Nick C. Ellis, Matthew Brook O'Donnell & Ute Römer - 2014 - Cognitive Linguistics 25 (1):55-98.
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  27. Die Allgemeine Functionentheorie. 1. T.: Metaphysik Und Theorie der Mathematischen Grundbegriffe: Grösse, Grenze, Argument Und Function. Mit Einem Nachwort Zum Neudruck Und Einer Auswahl-Bibliographie von Detlev Laugwitz. [REVIEW]Paul du Bois-Reymond & Detlef Laugwitz - 1968 - Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
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  28. Problem : The Function of Faith in the Ontological Argument.Henry G. Wolz - 1951 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 25:151.
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  29. The Function of Faith in the Ontological Argument.Henry G. Wolz - 1951 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 25:151-163.
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    Towards a Natural Language Semantics Without Functors and Operands.Miklós Erdélyi-Szabó, László Kálmán & Agi Kurucz - 2007 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (1):1-17.
    The paper sets out to offer an alternative to the function/argument approach to the most essential aspects of natural language meanings. That is, we question the assumption that semantic completeness (of, e.g., propositions) or incompleteness (of, e.g., predicates) exactly replicate the corresponding grammatical concepts (of, e.g., sentences and verbs, respectively). We argue that even if one gives up this assumption, it is still possible to keep the compositionality of the semantic interpretation of simple predicate/argument structures. In our (...)
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  31. The Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism: An Initial Statement of the Argument.Alvin Plantinga - 2009 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), Philosophy After Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Princeton University Press. pp. 301.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Notes.
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  32.  1
    A Generalized Selected Effects Theory of Function.Justin Garson - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (3):523-543.
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  33. The Argumentative and Rhetorical Function of Multimodal Metonymy.Rocci Andrea, Mazzali-Lurati Sabrina & Pollaroli Chiara - forthcoming - Semiotica.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  34. The Soft-Line Solution to Pereboom's Four-Case Argument.Kristin Mickelson - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):595-617.
    Derk Pereboom's Four-Case Argument is among the most famous and resilient manipulation arguments against compatibilism. I contend that its resilience is not a function of the argument's soundness but, rather, the ill-gotten gain from an ambiguity in the description of the causal relations found in the argument's foundational case. I expose this crucial ambiguity and suggest that a dilemma faces anyone hoping to resolve it. After a thorough search for an interpretation which avoids both horns of (...)
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  35.  52
    A Probabilistic Analysis of Argument Cogency.David Godden & Frank Zenker - forthcoming - Synthese.
    This paper offers a probabilistic treatment of the conditions for argument cogency as endorsed in informal logic: acceptability, relevance, and sufficiency (RSA). Treating a natural language argument as a reason-claim-complex, our analysis identifies content features of defeasible argument on which the RSA conditions depend, namely: (i) change in the commitment to the reason, (ii) the reason’s sensitivity and selectivity to the claim, (iii) one’s prior commitment to the claim, and (iv) the contextually determined thresholds of acceptability for (...)
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  36.  22
    Reflective Argumentation: A Cognitive Function of Arguing.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (4):365-397.
    Why do we formulate arguments? Usually, things such as persuading opponents, finding consensus, and justifying knowledge are listed as functions of arguments. But arguments can also be used to stimulate reflection on one’s own reasoning. Since this cognitive function of arguments should be important to improve the quality of people’s arguments and reasoning, for learning processes, for coping with “wicked problems,” and for the resolution of conflicts, it deserves to be studied in its own right. This contribution develops first (...)
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  37. Function, Modality, Mental Content.Bence Nanay - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (2):84-87.
    I clarify some of the details of the modal theory of function I outlined in Nanay (2010): (a) I explicate what it means that the function of a token biological trait is fixed by modal facts; (b) I address an objection to my trait type individuation argument against etiological function and (c) I examine the consequences of replacing the etiological theory of function with a modal theory for the prospects of using the concept of biological (...)
     
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  38. The Function of Perception.Peter J. Graham - 2014 - In Abrol Fairweather (ed.), Virtue Scientia: Bridges between Virtue Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Synthese Library. pp. 13-31.
    What is the biological function of perception? I hold perception, especially visual perception in humans, has the biological function of accurately representing the environment. Tyler Burge argues this cannot be so in Origins of Objectivity (Oxford, 2010), for accuracy is a semantical relationship and not, as such, a practical matter. Burge also provides a supporting example. I rebut the argument and the example. Accuracy is sometimes also a practical matter if accuracy partly explains how perception contributes to (...)
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  39.  96
    Function Attribution Depends on the Explanatory Context: A Reply to Neander and Rosenberg's Reply to Nanay.Bence Nanay - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (10):623-627.
    In ‘A modal theory of function’, I gave an argument against all existing theories of function and outlined a new theory. Karen Neander and Alex Rosenberg argue against both my negative and my positive claim. My aim here is not merely to defend my account from their objections, but to (a) very briefly point out that the new account of etiological function they propose in response to my criticism cannot avoid the circularity worry either and, more (...)
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  40.  7
    Understanding Ill-Structured Engineering Ethics Problems Through a Collaborative Learning and Argument Visualization Approach.Michael Hoffmann & Jason Borenstein - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):261-276.
    As a committee of the National Academy of Engineering recognized, ethics education should foster the ability of students to analyze complex decision situations and ill-structured problems. Building on the NAE’s insights, we report about an innovative teaching approach that has two main features: first, it places the emphasis on deliberation and on self-directed, problem-based learning in small groups of students; and second, it focuses on understanding ill-structured problems. The first innovation is motivated by an abundance of scholarly research that supports (...)
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  41. Why Is a Wing Like a Spoon? A Pluralist Theory of Function.Beth Preston - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (5):215-254.
    Function theorists routinely speculate that a viable function theory will be equally applicable to biological traits and artifacts. However, artifact function has received only the most cursory scrutiny in its own right. Closer scrutiny reveals that only a pluralist theory comprising two distinct notions of function--proper function and system function--will serve as an adequate general theory. The first section describes these two notions of function. The second section shows why both notions are necessary, (...)
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  42. Gefühl Als Argument?Andreas Dorschel - 1993 - In Andreas Dorschel, Matthias Kettner, Wolfgang Kuhlmann & Marcel Niquet (eds.), Transzendentalpragmatik. Ein Symposion für Karl-Otto Apel. Suhrkamp. pp. 167-186.
    Does having some feeling or other ever count as an argument – and, should it? As a matter of fact, not just do persons sometimes refer to their feelings to make a point in debate. Often, they even treat them as irrefutable arguments; for they are, of course, certain of their own feelings. To make a point in debate by reference to one’s feelings, one has got to articulate them. As language is the core medium of debate (though it (...)
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  43.  56
    Nominalistic Content, Grounding, and Covering Generalizations: Reply to ‘Grounding and the Indispensability Argument’.Matteo Plebani - 2016 - Synthese 193 (2):549-558.
    ‘Grounding and the indispensability argument’ presents a number of ways in which nominalists can use the notion of grounding to rebut the indispensability argument for the existence of mathematical objects. I will begin by considering the strategy that puts grounding to the service of easy-road nominalists. I will give some support to this strategy by addressing a worry some may have about it. I will then consider a problem for the fast-lane strategy and a problem for easy-road nominalists (...)
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    Scientific Realism and Primitive Ontology Or: The Pessimistic Induction and the Nature of the Wave Function.Valia Allori - 2017 - Lato Sensu.
    In this paper I wish to connect the recent debate in the philosophy of quantum mechanics concerning the nature of the wave function to the historical debate in the philosophy of science regarding the tenability of scientific realism. Being realist about quantum mechanics is particularly challenging when focusing on the wave function. According to the wave function ontology approach, the wave function is a concrete physical entity. In contrast, according to an alternative viewpoint, namely the primitive (...)
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    Ratnākaraśānti's Theory of Cognition with False Mental Images (*Alīkākāravāda) and the Neither-One-Nor-Many Argument.Shinya Moriyama - 2014 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 42 (2-3):339-351.
    The paper aims to clarify Ratnākaraśānti?s epistemological theory that mental images in a cognition are false (*alīkākāravāda) in comparison with Śāntarakṣita?s criticism of the Yogācāra position. Although Ratnākaraśānti frequently uses the neither-one-nor-many argument for explaining his Yogācāra position, the argument, unlike Śāntarakṣita?s original one, does not function for refuting the existence of awareness itself as the basis of mental images. This point is examined in the first two sections of this paper by analyzing Ratnākaraśānti?s proof of the (...)
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    Proper Function and Defeating Experiences.Daniel M. Johnson - 2011 - Synthese 182 (3):433-447.
    Jonathan Kvanvig has argued that what he terms “doxastic” theories of epistemic justification fail to account for certain epistemic features having to do with evidence. I’m going to give an argument roughly along these lines, but I’m going to focus specifically on proper function theories of justification or warrant. In particular, I’ll focus on Michael Bergmann’s recent proper function account of justification, though the argument applies also to Alvin Plantinga’s proper function account of warrant. The (...)
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  47.  54
    Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification).Todd Long - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (2):251-266.
    Michael Bergmann seeks to motivate his externalist, proper function theory of epistemic justification by providing three objections to the mentalism and mentalist evidentialism characteristic of nonexternalists such as Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. Bergmann argues that (i) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that justification depends on mental states; (ii) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that the epistemic fittingness of an epistemic input to a belief-forming process must be due to an essential feature of that input, (...)
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  48.  41
    Expertise as Argument: Authority, Democracy, and Problem-Solving. [REVIEW]Zoltan P. Majdik & William M. Keith - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (3):371-384.
    This article addresses the problem of expertise in a democratic political system: the tension between the authority of expertise and the democratic values that guide political life. We argue that for certain problems, expertise needs to be understood as a dialogical process, and we conceptualize an understanding of expertise through and as argument that positions expertise as constituted by and a function of democratic values and practices, rather than in the possession of, acquisition of, or relationship to epistemic (...)
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  49.  37
    Two Arguments for the Etiological Theory Over the Modal Theory of Biological Function.Brian Leahy & Maximilian Huber - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4).
    This paper contains a positive development and a negative argument. It develops a theory of function loss and shows how this undermines an objection raised against the etiological theory of function in support of the modal theory of function. Then it raises two internal problems for the modal theory of function.
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    Purpose, Argument Fields, and Theoretical Justification.Robert C. Rowland - 2008 - Argumentation 22 (2):235-250.
    Twenty-five years ago, field theory was among the most contested issues in argumentation studies. Today, the situation is very different. In fact, field theory has almost disappeared from disciplinary debates, a development which might suggest that the concept is not a useful aspect of argumentation theory. In contrast, I argue that while field studies are rarely useful, field theory provides an essential underpinning to any close analysis of an argumentative controversy. I then argue that the conflicting approaches to argument (...)
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