Results for 'functional analysis'

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  1. Functional Analysis.Robert Cummins - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (November):741-64.
  2. Functional Analysis and Proper Functions.Paul E. Griffiths - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):409-422.
    The etiological approach to ‘proper functions’ in biology can be strengthened by relating it to Robert Cummins' general treatment of function ascription. The proper functions of a biological trait are the functions it is assigned in a Cummins-style functional explanation of the fitness of ancestors. These functions figure in selective explanations of the trait. It is also argued that some recent etiological theories include inaccurate accounts of selective explanation in biology. Finally, a generalization of the notion of selective explanation (...)
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  3. Functional Analysis and Mechanistic Explanation.David Barrett - 2014 - Synthese 191 (12):2695-2714.
    Piccinini and Craver (Synthese 183:283–311, 2011) argue for the surprising view that psychological explanation, properly understood, is a species of mechanistic explanation. This contrasts with the ‘received view’ (due, primarily, to Cummins and Fodor) which maintains a sharp distinction between psychological explanation and mechanistic explanation. The former is typically construed as functional analysis, the analysis of some psychological capacity into an organized series of subcapacities without specifying any of the structural features that underlie the explanandum capacity. The (...)
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  4. Functional Analysis and the Species Design.Karen Neander - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4).
    This paper argues that a minimal notion of function and a notion of normal-proper function are used in explaining how bodies and brains operate. Neither is Cummins’ notion, as originally defined, and yet his is often taken to be the clearly relevant notion for such an explanatory context. This paper also explains how adverting to normal-proper functions, even if these are selected functions, can play a significant scientific role in the operational explanations of complex systems that physiologists and neurophysiologists provide, (...)
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  5.  91
    Functional Analysis and the Autonomy of Psychology.Uljana Feest - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):937-948.
    This paper examines the notion that psychology is autonomous. It is argued that we need to distinguish between (a) the question of whether psychological explanations are autonomous, and (b) the question of whether the process of psychological discovery is autonomous. The issue is approached by providing a reinterpretation of Robert Cummins's notion of functional analysis (FA). A distinction is drawn between FA as an explanatory strategy and FA as an investigative strategy. It is argued that the identification of (...)
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  6.  84
    Cartesian Functional Analysis.Deborah J. Brown - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):75 - 92.
    Despite eschewing the utility of ends or purposes in natural philosophy, Descartes frequently engages in functional explanation, which many have assumed is an essentially teleological form of explanation. This article considers the consistency of Descartes's appeal to natural functions, advancing the idea that he is utilizing a non-normative, non-teleological form of functional explanation. It will be argued that Cartesian functional analysis resembles modern causal functional analysis, and yet, by emphasizing the interdependency of parts of (...)
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  7.  72
    Neo‐Functional Analysis: Phylogenetical Restrictions on Causal Role Functions.Predrag Sustar - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):601-615.
    The most recent resurgence of philosophical attention to the so-called ‘functional talk' in the sciences can be summarized in terms of the following questions: (Q1) What kind of restrictions, and in particular, what kind of evolutionary restrictions as well as to what extent, is involved in functional ascriptions? (Q2) How can we account for the explanatory import of function-ascribing statements? This paper addresses these questions through a modified version of Cummins' functional analysis. The modification in question (...)
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  8.  60
    Neo‐Functional Analysis: Phylogenetical Restrictions on Causal Role Functions.Predrag Sustar - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):601-615.
    The most recent resurgence of philosophical attention to the so-called ‘functional talk’ in the sciences can be summarized in terms of the following questions: (Q1) What kind of restrictions, and in particular, what kind of evolutionary restrictions as well as to what extent, are involved in functional ascriptions? (Q2) How can we account for the explanatory import of function-ascribing statements? This paper addresses these questions on the basis of a modified version of Cummins’ functional analysis. The (...)
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  9.  9
    Constructive Functional Analysis.D. S. Bridges & Peter Zahn - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):703-705.
  10.  42
    Phenomenology and Functional Analysis. A Functionalist Reading of Husserlian Phenomenology.Marek Pokropski - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):869-889.
    In the article I discuss functionalist interpretations of Husserlian phenomenology. The first one was coined in the discussion between Hubert Dreyfus and Ronald McIntyre. They argue that Husserl’s phenomenology shares similarities with computational functionalism, and the key similarity is between the concept of noema and the concept of mental representation. I show the weaknesses of that reading and argue that there is another available functionalist reading of Husserlian phenomenology. I propose to shift perspective and approach the relation between phenomenology and (...)
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  11.  12
    A Framework for the Functional Analysis of Behaviour.Alasdair I. Houston & John M. McNamara - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):117-130.
    We present a general framework for analyzing the contribution to reproductive success of a behavioural action. An action may make a direct contribution to reproductive success, but even in the absence of a direct contribution it may make an indirect contribution by changing the animal's state. We consider actions over a period of time, and define a reward function that characterizes the relationship between the animal's state at the end of the period and its future reproductive success. Working back from (...)
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  12. Functional Analysis and Etiology.Ron McClamrock - 1993 - Erkenntnis 38 (2):249-260.
    Cummins (1982) argues that etiological considerations are not onlyinsufficient butirrelevant for the determination offunction. I argue that his claim of irrelevance rests on a misrepresentation of the use of functions in evolutionary explanations. I go on to suggest how accepting anetiological constraint on functional analysis might help resolve some problems involving the use of functional explanations.
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  13. Peirce's Truth-Functional Analysis and the Origin of the Truth Table.Irving H. Anellis - 2012 - History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (1):87 - 97.
    We explore the technical details and historical evolution of Charles Peirce's articulation of a truth table in 1893, against the background of his investigation into the truth-functional analysis of propositions involving implication. In 1997, John Shosky discovered, on the verso of a page of the typed transcript of Bertrand Russell's 1912 lecture on ?The Philosophy of Logical Atomism? truth table matrices. The matrix for negation is Russell's, alongside of which is the matrix for material implication in the hand (...)
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  14.  22
    A Functional Analysis of 2004 Ukrainian Presidential Debates.GivenName> L. Benoit & Andrew A. Klyukovski - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (2):209-225.
    Political leaders’ debates are an important and highly visible instances of public argumentation. As such, they merit scholarly attention. This essay applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse to analyze televised presidential debates from the Ukraine in 2004. Overall, this analysis revealed that acclaims were the most common function, followed by attacks and then defenses. Policy was addressed more often than character in these debates, as expected. The incumbent candidate acclaimed significantly more and attacked less than the (...)
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  15.  9
    Functional Analysis and the Problem of Rationality.Roy Turner - 1966 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1-4):262 – 273.
    Functional analysis rescued religion from the oblivion to which positiviste would have consigned it, by taking 'society' rather than the individual act as the unit of analysis. The history of functionalism has been a record of increasing concern with such holistic units as societies and social systems. One consequence of this shift away from social action (in the Weberian sense) is that the issue of rationality has become largely redundant. Yet the problem remains: How do we account (...)
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  16. Formal Analysis and Functional Analysis of Verbal Behavior: Notes on the Debate Between Chomsky and Skinner.Marc Richelle - 1976 - Behaviorism 4 (2):209-221.
  17.  46
    A Functional Analysis of Scientific Theories.Harold I. Brown - 1979 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (1):119-140.
    Scientific theories are analyzed in terms of the role that they play in science rather than in terms of their logical structure. It is maintained that theories: provide descriptions of the fundamental features of their domains; on the basis of 1, explain non-fundamental features of their domains; provide a guide for further research in their domains. Any set of propositions that carries out these functions with respect to some domain counts as a theory. This view of theories is developed and (...)
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  18.  35
    Functional Analysis and Self‐Control.Gerald H. Paske - 1964 - Educational Theory 14 (4):314-322.
  19.  44
    A Functional Analysis of Pseudo-Passives.Elizabeth Riddle & Gloria Sheintuch - 1983 - Linguistics and Philosophy 6 (4):527 - 563.
  20.  31
    Freud's Own Blend: Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation, and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):179–195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical (...)
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  21.  9
    A Functional Analysis of Common and Bizarre Visual Mediators.Philip H. Marshall, Kathy Nau & Cynthia K. Chandler - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (6):375-377.
  22.  20
    Freud's Own Blend : Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):179-195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical (...)
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  23.  5
    Freud's Own Blend: Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation, and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):179-195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical (...)
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  24.  29
    Financial Functional Analysis: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the Changing Financial System.John P. Wilson & Larry Campbell - 2016 - Journal of Economic Methodology 23 (4):413-431.
    The financial system is currently undergoing a revolution brought about by e-finance, digital convergence, new market entrants and government-encouraged competition. New market entrants such as Apple, Alibaba, Facebook and Google come from industries such as IT, retail, social media and telecoms, and, therefore, do not fit comfortably within traditional financial institutional structures. A functional perspective might provide more practical insights into this revolution; however, the functional perspective has had a limited impact. This paper will investigate the benefits and (...)
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  25.  19
    Groups as Units of Functional Analysis, Individuals as Proximate Mechanisms.David Sloan Wilson - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):279-280.
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  26.  73
    Plantinga's Proper Functioning Analysis of Epistemic Warrant.James E. Taylor & Alvin Plantinga - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 64 (2):185 - 202.
  27.  25
    Towards a Systemic Functional Analysis of Multisemiotic Mathematics Texts.Kay O’Halloran - 1999 - Semiotica 124 (1-2):1-30.
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  28.  71
    Clark Hull, Robert Cummins, and Functional Analysis.Ron Amundson & Laurence D. Smith - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (December):657-666.
    Robert Cummins has recently used the program of Clark Hull to illustrate the effects of logical positivist epistemology upon psychological theory. On Cummins's account, Hull's theory is best understood as a functional analysis, rather than a nomological subsumption. Hull's commitment to the logical positivist view of explanation is said to have blinded him to this aspect of this theory, and thus restricted its scope. We will argue that this interpretation of Hull's epistemology, though common, is mistaken. Hull's epistemological (...)
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  29.  13
    A Functional Analysis of the 2010 Australian Prime Minister Debate.William Benoit & Jennifer M. Benoit-Bryan - 2014 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 3 (2):153-168.
    This study applied the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse to the July 25, 2010 Australian Prime Minister debate. Attacks were more common than acclaims, both of which occurred more frequently than defenses. Incumbent Prime Minister Gillard acclaimed more, and attacked less, than challenger Abbott. This contrast was particularly acute when the candidates discussed past deeds. The two candidates discussed policy more than character. When discussing general goals and ideals, they acclaimed more than they attacked. These results are compared (...)
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  30.  7
    Language Production and Serial Order: A Functional Analysis and a Model.Gary S. Dell, Lisa K. Burger & William R. Svec - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (1):123-147.
  31.  12
    The Functional Analysis of Behavior.Edward G. Rozycki - 1975 - Educational Theory 25 (3):278-302.
  32. A Functional Analysis of Indian Thought and its Social Margins.Agehananda Bharati - 1964 - Varanasi, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office.
    On the life and works of Bharati, with a selection of his poems translated into French.
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  33.  6
    A Functional Analysis of Authority.J. Stacy Adams & A. Kimball Romney - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (4):234-251.
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  34.  16
    A Functional Analysis in Practice?Rebecca Mertens - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:210-212.
  35.  2
    Functional Analysis and Character Transformation.Richard A. Richards - 2009 - In Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Form and Function in Developmental Evolution. Cambridge University Press. pp. 176.
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  36.  13
    The Functional Analysis of Behaviour: Making Room for Prufrock.Felicity A. Huntingford & Neil B. Metcalfe - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):137-138.
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  37.  7
    Functional Analysis of Continuous, High-Resolution Measures in Aging Research: A Demonstration Using Cerebral Oxygenation Data From the Irish Longitudinal Study on Aging.John D. O’Connor, Matthew D. L. O’Connell, Roman Romero-Ortuno, Belinda Hernández, Louise Newman, Richard B. Reilly, Rose Anne Kenny & Silvin P. Knight - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  38. Functional-Analysis and Biological Causality.F. Duchesneau - 1980 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 33 (131):229-267.
     
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  39. Functional-Analysis and the Principle Conditions of Biological Existence.F. Duchesneau - 1977 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 31 (121):287-312.
     
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  40.  9
    Functional Analysis in Historical PerspectiveA. F. Monna.Angus E. Taylor - 1975 - Isis 66 (3):413-414.
  41.  18
    Using Functional Analysis as a Framework to Guide Individualized Treatment for Negative Symptoms.Tania M. Lincoln, Marcel Riehle, Matthias Pillny, Sylvia Helbig-Lang, Anne-Katharina Fladung, Matthias Hartmann-Riemer & Stefan Kaiser - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  42.  30
    Possibilities and Limitations of Functional Analysis of Circadian Rhythms.Michael Lohmann - 1970 - Acta Biotheoretica 19 (2):82-86.
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  43.  16
    Christian Wolff’s Philosophy of Medicine: An Early Functional Analysis of Health and Disease.Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero - 2016 - Quaestio 16:75-94.
    In the late 1720s and early 1730s, Christian Wolff writes a series of short treatises on general medical concepts such as health, disease, cause of disease, symptom, etc. The paper makes the claim that these texts should be considered as a pioneering attempt at developing a systematic philosophy of medicine based on metaphysical and epistemological investigations on medical concepts, doctrines, and practices. The main focus is on Wolff’s analysis of the concepts of health and disease in functional terms (...)
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  44.  4
    Plantinga's Proper Functioning Analysis of Epistemic Warrant.James E. Taylor - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 64 (2):185-202.
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  45. Elbow Room in a Functional Analysis: Freedom and Dignity Regained.K. Richard Garrett - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (1):21-36.
    This paper argues that a behavioral or functional analysis of human action is compatible with human freedom. This thesis is quite contrary to what behaviorists such as B. F. Skinner as well as their critics such as D. C. Dennett have assumed to be the case. The essential argument involves three steps. First, the paper proceeds by presenting a novel analysis of intentional or mental states in terms of the principles of reinforcement. It is argued that with (...)
     
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  46.  47
    Definability in Functional Analysis.José Iovino - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):493-505.
    The role played by real-valued functions in functional analysis is fundamental. One often considers metrics, or seminorms, or linear functionals, to mention some important examples. We introduce the notion of definable real-valued function in functional analysis: a real-valued function f defined on a structure of functional analysis is definable if it can be "approximated" by formulas which do not involve f. We characterize definability of real-valued functions in terms of a purely topological condition which (...)
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  47.  14
    Gender Differential Item Functioning Analysis of the University of Tehran English Proficiency Test.Enayat A. Shabani - 2010 - Research in Contemporary World Literature 56 (14):89-108.
    The University of Tehran English Proficiency Test (UTEPT) is a high-stakes entrance examination taken by more than 10,000 master’s degree holders annually. The examinees’ scores have a significant influence on the final decisions concerning admission to the University of Tehran Ph.D. programs. As a test validation investigation, the present study, which is a bias detection research in nature, utilized multistep logistic regression (LR) procedure to examine the presence of gender differential item functioning (DIF) in the UTEPT with a sample of (...)
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  48.  62
    The Concept of 'Function' and Functional Analysis in Sociology.Peter A. Munch - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (3):193-213.
  49.  65
    Dispositions and Functions: Cummins on Functional Analysis[REVIEW]Douglas Ehring - 1985 - Erkenntnis 23 (3):243-249.
  50.  1
    We Are Surprised; Wasn’T Iran Disgraced There? A Functional Analysis of Hedges and Boosters in Televised Iranian and American Presidential Debates.Maryam Alavi-Nia & Alireza Jalilifar - 2012 - Discourse and Communication 6 (2):135-161.
    By the slant of their aims, presidential candidates rely on their own rhetorical arsenal to win the acquiescence of the public. Hedges and boosters, two subcategories of metadiscourse markers, are among the rhetorical tropes which assist politicians to increase or decrease commitment, blur or sharpen the boundaries between good and evil, and bolster or emasculate solidarity. Despite the many functions hedges and boosters can play in political discourse, studies that address these devices in relation to their persuasive effect in televised (...)
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