Results for 'functional meaning'

999 found
Order:
  1. American Philosophers' Ideas of Ultimate Reality and Meaning.Andrew J. Reck & Institute for Encyclopedia of Human Ideas on Ultimate Reality and Meaning - 1994
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  33
    The Struggle Over Functional Foods: Justice and the Social Meaning of Functional Foods. [REVIEW]Michiel Korthals - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):313-324.
    The social and scientific debate overfunctional foods has two focal points: one isthe issue of the reliability andtrustworthiness of the claims connected withfunctional foods. You don't have to be asuspicious person to be skeptical vis-à-visthe rather exorbitant claims of most functionalfoods. They promise prevention against allkinds of illnesses and enhancement ofachievements like memory and vision, withouthaving been tested adequately. The second issueis the issue of the socio-cultural dimension offunctional foods and their so calleddetrimental effect on the social and normativemeanings of (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  6
    The Functional Meaning of Reverberations for Sensoric and Contextual Encoding.Wolfgang Klimesch - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):636.
  4. Functional Meaning of the Patterns of Synaptic Connections in the Cerebellum.John Eccles - 1965 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 8 (3):289-310.
  5.  13
    The Psychology of the Placebo Effect: Exploring Meaning From a Functional Account.Rainer Schneider - 2007 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 28 (1).
    Research on a wide range of medical and non-medical conditions has demonstrated the power of the placebo effect but also calls for the necessity to better understand its psychological mechanisms. The placebo effect appears to be elicited by meaning and expectation. However, expectations have been explored by accounts based on conscious thoughts . In this paper, a functionally oriented approach is introduced which favors the functional properties of mental systems whose operations need not be conscious. It is maintained (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Language and Meaning: Cognitive and Functional Perspectives.Małgorzata Fabiszak (ed.) - 2007 - P. Lang.
  7. Meaning as Functional Classification.Wilfrid Sellars - 1974 - Synthese 27 (3-4):417 - 437.
  8.  26
    The Aesthetic Experience: Its Meaning in a Functional Psychology.Elizabeth Kemper Adams - 1907 - Philosophical Review 16:660.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  13
    To Be Continued: Meaning-Making in Serialized Manga as Functional-Multimodal Narrative.Xiran Yang & Jonathan Webster - 2015 - Semiotica 2015 (207):583-606.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2015 Heft: 207 Seiten: 583-606.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  21
    The Meaning of the Psychical From the Point of View of the Functional Psychology.H. Heath Bawden - 1904 - Philosophical Review 13 (3):298-319.
  11.  6
    Truth, Meaning, and Functional Understanding: A Post-Sartrean Meditation. [REVIEW]Daniel Barbiero - 1993 - Man and World 26 (4):355-372.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  6
    Meaning and Functional Significance of Moral and Its Relation to Professional Codes.Kathryn Smith - 1989 - Social Philosophy Today 2:250-258.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  9
    Book Review:The Nature of Truth: An Essay. Harold H. Joachim; Thought and Things: A Study of the Development and Meaning of Thought. J. Mark Baldwin; Thought and Things: Vol. I. Functional Logic, or Genetic Theory of Knowledge. [REVIEW]J. S. Mackenzie - 1907 - Ethics 17 (2):264-.
  14.  2
    The Meaning of the Psychical From the Point of View of the Functional Psychology.H. Heath Bawden - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (14):386-387.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  2
    Bawden on The Meaning of the Psychical From the Point of View of the Functional Psychology.F. J. E. Woodbridge - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (14):386.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  2
    The Meaning of the Psychical From the Point of View of the Functional Psychology. [REVIEW]Frederick J. E. Woodbridge - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (14):386-387.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  2
    Thought and Things. A Study of the Development and Meaning of Thought or Genetic Logic.Vol. I, Functional Logic or Genetic Theory of Knowledge. [REVIEW]J. E. Creighton & James Mark Baldwin - 1908 - Philosophical Review 17 (1):68.
    No categories
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  1
    The Nature of Truth: An Essay. Harold H. JoachimThought and Things: A Study of the Development and Meaning of Thought. J. Mark BaldwinThought and Things: Vol. I. Functional Logic, or Genetic Theory of Knowledge. [REVIEW]J. S. Mackenzie - 1907 - International Journal of Ethics 17 (2):264-265.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  1
    Awden on The Meaning of the Psychical From the Point of View of the Functional Psychology. [REVIEW]F. J. E. Woodbridge - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy 1 (14):386.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Thought and things, a study of development and meaning of thought, or genetic Logic. Volume I : Functional Logic, or Genetic Theory of Knowledge.J. M. Baldwin - 1907 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 64:427-435.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Aristotle, Verb Meaning and Functional Grammar: Towards a New Typology of States of Affairs: With an Appendix on Aristotle's Distinction Between Kinesis and Energeia.Albert Rijksbaron - 1989 - Gieben.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Meaning and Functional Significance of Moral and Its Relation to Professional Codes.Kathryn Smith - 1989 - Social Philosophy Today 2:250-258.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  92
    How Does Downward Causation Exist?—A Comment on Kim’s Elimination of Downward Causation.Xiaoping Chen - 2010 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (4):652-665.
    The importance of downward causation lies in showing that it shows that functional properties such as mental properties are real, although they cannot be reduced to physical properties. Kim rejects nonreductive physicalism, which includes leading functionalism, by eliminating downward causation, and thereby returns to reductionism. In this paper, I make a distinction between two aspects of function—functional meaning and functional structure and argue that functional meaning cannot be reduced to the physical level whereas (...) structure can. On this basis, I further distinguish between the integer of the function, which includes the functional meaning and the functional structure, and the whole of the functional realization, and also among the strong, medial, and weak supervenience relations. So-called downward causation is indeed the relationship between the whole of the functional realization and its physical realizer, which is a whole-part relation instead of a relation between levels. As a result of understanding downward causation in this way and abandoning the principle of the causal closure of the physical world, Kim’s argument becomes invalid and nonreductive functionalism, justified. (shrink)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  66
    Science and Art: Physics as a Symbolic Formation.Christiane Schmitz-Rigal - 2011 - Synthese 179 (1):21 - 41.
    The reflection on the preconditions and evolution of science has played a decisive role in the development of Ernst Cassirer's philosophy, contributing to its functional and thus inherently pluralistic and holistic view of knowledge. To present Cassirer's conception of physics as an open symbolic formation enables us to reveal and study the radical features of his epistemological model: (1) the fundamental process of generating sense-units and meaning in its constitutive character for each attempt of objectification, (2) its driving (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  17
    Generalizing Functional Completeness in Belnap-Dunn Logic.Hitoshi Omori & Katsuhiko Sano - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (5):883-917.
    One of the problems we face in many-valued logic is the difficulty of capturing the intuitive meaning of the connectives introduced through truth tables. At the same time, however, some logics have nice ways to capture the intended meaning of connectives easily, such as four-valued logic studied by Belnap and Dunn. Inspired by Dunn’s discovery, we first describe a mechanical procedure, in expansions of Belnap-Dunn logic, to obtain truth conditions in terms of the behavior of the Truth and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26.  33
    Three Unpublished Manuscripts From 1903: "Functions", "Proof That No Function Takes All Values", "Meaning and Denotation".Bertrand Russell & Kevin C. Klement - 2016 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 36 (1):5-44.
    I present and discuss three previously unpublished manuscripts written by Bertrand Russell in 1903, not included with similar manuscripts in Volume 4 of his Collected Papers. One is a one-page list of basic principles for his “functional theory” of May 1903, in which Russell partly anticipated the later Lambda Calculus. The next, catalogued under the title “Proof That No Function Takes All Values”, largely explores the status of Cantor’s proof that there is no greatest cardinal number in the variation (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  61
    Evolving Null Hypotheses and the Base Rate Fallacy: A Functional Interpretation of Scientific Myth.Brian J. Gibbs - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):776-777.
    The meaning of an experimental result depends on the experiment's conceptual backdrop, particularly its null hypothesis. This observation provides the basis for a functional interpretation of belief in the base rate fallacy. On this interpretation, if the base rate fallacy is to be labelled a “myth,” then it should be recognized that this label is not necessarily a disparaging one.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  11
    Through the Flat Canvas: The Motor Meaning of Realistic Paintings.Silvano Zipoli Caiani - 2016 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 9 (2):197-217.
    It is well known that common objects in the environment can evoke possibilities of action, but what about their bi-dimensional representation? Do pictures or paintings that represent action-related objects evoke the same possibilities of actions of the objects that they represent? In contemporary cognitive science, there are two contrasting views on this issue. On the one hand, the ecological-dispositional approach to perception supports the idea that viewing depicted objects as endowed with the potential for action is nothing but an illusion. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  9
    Nonstandard Functional Interpretations and Categorical Models.Amar Hadzihasanovic & Benno van den Berg - 2017 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 58 (3):343-380.
    Recently, the second author, Briseid, and Safarik introduced nonstandard Dialectica, a functional interpretation capable of eliminating instances of familiar principles of nonstandard arithmetic—including overspill, underspill, and generalizations to higher types—from proofs. We show that the properties of this interpretation are mirrored by first-order logic in a constructive sheaf model of nonstandard arithmetic due to Moerdijk, later developed by Palmgren, and draw some new connections between nonstandard principles and principles that are rejected by strict constructivism. Furthermore, we introduce a variant (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  19
    On a Non-Referential Theory of Meaning for Simple Names Based on Ajdukiewicz's Theory of Meaning.Jerzy Hanusek - 2012 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 21 (3):253-269.
    In 1931–1934 Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz formulated two versions of the theory of meaning (A1 and A2). Tarski showed that A2 allows synonymous names to exist with different denotations. Tarski and Ajdukiewicz found that this feature disparages the theory. The force of Tarski’s argument rests on the assumption that none of adequate theories of meaning allow synonymous names to exist with different denotations. In the first part of this paper we present an appropriate fragment of A2 and Tarski’s argument. In (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  27
    Synthetic Biology and the Emergence of a Dual Meaning of Noise.Andrea Loettgers - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (4):340-356.
    The question is discussed how noise gained a functional meaning in the context of biology. According to the common view, noise is considered a disturbance or perturbation. I analyze how this understanding changed and what kind of developments during the last 10 years contributed to the emergence of a new understanding of noise. Results gained during a field study in a synthetic biology laboratory show that the emergence of this new research discipline—its highly interdisciplinary character, its new technologies (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  32.  15
    Proportions of the Jaw Mechanism of Cichlid Fishes Changes and Their Meaning.E. Otten - 1985 - Acta Biotheoretica 34 (2-4):207-217.
    The jaw mechanism of cichlid fishes is an intricate apparatus with complex force transmission from muscles to environment. The proportions of this apparatus change considerably during growth mainly due to scale effects. In adult fishes, the proportions differ, corresponding with the type of preferred food. In such a complex mechanism, it is very hard to gain insight into the functional meaning of the differences in proportions, unless a biomechanical model is constructed, describing kinematics and force equilibria of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  10
    Synthetic Modeling and the Functional Role of Noise.Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers - unknown
    In synthetic biology the use of engineering metaphors to describe biological organisms and their behavior has become a common practice. The concept of noise provides one of the most compelling examples of such transfer. But this notion is also confusing: While in engineering noise is a destructive force perturbing artificial systems, in synthetic biology it has acquired an additional functional meaning. It has been found out that noise is an important factor in driving biological processes such as gene (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Transfers of Meaning.Geoffrey Nunberg - 1995 - Journal of Semantics 12 (2):109-132.
    ‘Transfers of meaning’ are linguistic mechanisms that make it possible to use the same expression to refer to disjoint sorts of things. Here I discuss predicate transfer, an operation that takes names of properties into new names that denote properties to which they functionally correspond. It is this operation that is responsible for the new meaning of the predicate parked out back in the utterance ‘I am parked out back’, as well as for the lexical alternations that figure (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  35.  19
    Consequences of a Functional Account of Information.Stephen Francis Mann - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-19.
    This paper aims to establish several interconnected points. First, a particular interpretation of the mathematical definition of information, known as the causal interpretation, is supported largely by misunderstandings of the engineering context from which it was taken. A better interpretation, which makes the definition and quantification of information relative to the function of its user, is outlined. The first half of the paper is given over to introducing communication theory and its competing interpretations. The second half explores three consequences of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  72
    Functional Homology and Homology of Function: Biological Concepts and Philosophical Consequences.Alan C. Love - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (5):691-708.
    Functional homology” appears regularly in different areas of biological research and yet it is apparently a contradiction in terms—homology concerns identity of structure regardless of form and function. I argue that despite this conceptual tension there is a legitimate conception of ‘homology of function’, which can be recovered by utilizing a distinction from pre-Darwinian physiology (use versus activity) to identify an appropriate meaning of ‘function’. This account is directly applicable to molecular developmental biology and shares a connection to (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  37. Every Sparrow That Falls: Understanding Animal Rights Activism as Functional Religion.Caspar Wenk, James Parker & Wesley Jamison - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (3):305-330.
    This article reports original research conducted among animal rights activists and elites in Switzerland and the United States, and the finding that activism functioned in activists' and elites' lives like religious belief. The study used reference sampling to select Swiss and American informants. Various articles and activists have identified both latent and manifest quasi-religious components in the contemporary movement. Hence, the research followed upon these data and anecdotes and tested the role of activism in adherents' lives. Using extensive interviews, the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  61
    For a Structured Meaning Account of Questions and Answers.Manfred Krifka - 2001 - In Audiatur Vox Sapientia. A Festschrift for Arnim von Stechow. Academie Verlag. pp. 287-320.
    In the logical, philosophical and linguistic literature, a number of theoretical frameworks have been proposed for the meaning of questions (see Ginzburg (1995), Groenendijk & Stokhof (1997) for recent overviews). I will concentrate on two general approaches that figured prominently in linguistic semantics, which I will call the proposition set approach and the structured meaning approach (sometimes called the “propositional” and the “categorial” or “functional” approach). I will show that the proposition set approach runs into three problems: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  39. The Meaning of Embodiment.Julian Kiverstein - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):740-758.
    There is substantial disagreement among philosophers of embodied cognitive science about the meaning of embodiment. In what follows, I describe three different views that can be found in the current literature. I show how this debate centers around the question of whether the science of embodied cognition can retain the computer theory of mind. One view, which I will label body functionalism, takes the body to play the functional role of linking external resources for problem solving with internal (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40. Two Factor Theories, Meaning Wholism and Intentionalistic Psychology: A Reply to Fodor.Thomas D. Senor - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (2):133-151.
    In the third chapter of his book Psychosemantics , Jerry A. Fodor argues that the truth of meaning holism (the thesis that the content of a psychological state is determined by the totality of that state's epistemic liaisons) would be fatal for intentionalistic psychology. This is because holism suggests that no two people are ever in the same intentional state, and so a psychological theory that generalizes over such states will be composed of generalizations which fail to generalize. Fodor (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  24
    Sortal, Relational, and Functional Interpretations of Nouns and Russian Container Constructions.B. H. Partee & V. Borschev - 2012 - Journal of Semantics 29 (4):445-486.
    Among the semantic types that nouns can take on, functional types are the smallest class, and functional nouns are probably not a linguistically distinct subcategory, pace Löbner (1985). But there are some interesting constructions specific to functional nouns, of which we discuss three, devoting most attention to the third. The three are (i) parameter-headed NPs as modifiers in English, as in a dress that length (Partee 1986), (ii) a construction in Russian known as Genitive with Obligatory Third (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42. Meaning In Speech and In Thought.Stephen Schiffer - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):141-159.
    If we think in a lingua mentis, questions about relations between linguistic meaning and propositional-attitude content become questions about relations between meaning in a public language (p-meaning) and meaning in a language of thought (t-meaning). Whether or not the neo-Gricean is correct that p-meaning can be defined in terms of t-meaning and then t-meaning defined in terms of the causal-functional roles of mentalese expressions, it's apt to seem obvious that separate accounts (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. The Possibility of Dialogic Semantics.Sergeiy Sandler - manuscript
    This paper outlines and demonstrates the viability of a consistent dialogic approach to the semantics of utterances in natural language. Based on the philosophical picture of language as dialogue, adumbrated by Mikhail Bakhtin and incorporating work in conversation analysis and cognitive-functional linguistics, I develop a method for analyzing both the function and the content of human utterances within a unified philosophical framework. I demonstrate the viability of this method of analysis by applying it to a brief conversational exchange (in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  5
    Every Sparrow That Falls: Understanding Animal Rights Activism as Functional Religion.James V. Parker, Wesley V. Jamison & Caspar Wenk - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (1):305-330.
    This article reports original research conducted among animal rights activists and elites in Switzerland and the United States, and the finding that activism functioned in activists' and elites' lives like religious belief. The study used reference sampling to select Swiss and American informants. Various articles and activists have identified both latent and manifest quasi-religious components in the contemporary movement. Hence, the research followed upon these data and anecdotes and tested the role of activism in adherents' lives. Using extensive interviews, the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  52
    Sellars on the Function of Semantic Vocabulary.Lionel Shapiro - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (4):792-811.
    This paper examines two explanations Sellars gives, at successive stages of his career, of how semantic vocabulary lets us relate linguistic expressions to extra-linguistic reality. Despite their differences, both explanations reveal a distinctive pragmatist approach. According to Sellars, we do not use semantic vocabulary to describe language-world relations. Rather, our taking language to relate to the world is implicit in the moves licensed by our semantic assertions. I argue that Sellars's discussions of the function of semantic vocabulary point to an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  46
    Autonomy in Anticipatory Systems: Significance for Functionality, Intentionality and Meaning.John Collier - unknown
    Abstract Many anticipatory systems cannot in themselves act meaningfully or represent intentionally. This stems largely from the derivative nature of their functionality. All current artificial control systems, and many living systems such as organs and cellular parts of organisms derive any intentionality they might have from their designers or possessors. Derivative functionality requires reference to some external autonomously functional system, and derivative intentionality similarly requires reference to an external autonomous intentional system. The importance of autonomy can be summed up (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  49
    Lonergan's Ethics and Feminist Ethics: Exploring the Meaning of Care.Alessandra Gillis - 2012 - Journal of Macrodynamic Analysis 7:27-43.
    Over the past thirty-odd years, the feminist contribution of the ethic of care has changed the way in which scholars and ‘lay people’ think about and approach ethical practices in our contemporary society. These changes are important in two significant ways. First, the contribution of feminist work to the body of ethics as a whole is a valuable addition. Second, by drawing attention to the concrete context of moral decision-making, particularly the notion of care, feminist scholars have opened the door (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. On Meaning.Pedro Amaral - unknown
    (10) Examples (13) meaning as functional classification (14) meaning as functional classification (14) Introduces dot-quotes (15) “stand for” is a special case of functional classification (19) classical problem of “participation”.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  21
    The Co‐Evolution of Speech and the Lexicon: The Interaction of Functional Pressures, Redundancy, and Category Variation.Bodo Winter & Andrew Wedel - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):503-513.
    The sound system of a language must be able to support a perceptual contrast between different words in order to signal communicatively relevant meaning distinctions. In this paper, we use a simple agent-based exemplar model in which the evolution of sound-category systems is understood as a co-evolutionary process, where the range of variation within sound categories is constrained by functional pressure to keep different words perceptually distinct. We show that this model can reproduce several observed effects on the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  27
    The Meaning of Meaning in Biology and Cognitive Science.Göran Sonesson - 2006 - Sign Systems Studies 34 (1):135-211.
    The present essay aims at integrating different concepts of meaning developed in semiotics, biology, and cognitive science, in a way that permits the formulation of issues involving evolution and development. The concept of sign in semiotics, just like the notion of representation in cognitive science, have either been used too broadly, or outright rejected. My earlier work on the notions of iconicity and pictoriality has forced me to spell out the taken-forgranted meaning of the sign concept, both in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 999