Results for 'fundamental reality'

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  1. Objective Fundamental Reality Structure by the Unreduced Complexity Development.Andrei P. Kirilyuk - 2018 - FQXi Essay Contest 2017-2018 “What Is “Fundamental””.
    We explain why exactly the simplified abstract scheme of reality within the standard science paradigm cannot provide the consistent picture of “truly fundamentalreality and how the unreduced, causally complete description of the latter is regained within the extended, provably complete solution to arbitrary interaction problem and the ensuing concept of universal dynamic complexity. We emphasize the practical importance of this extension for both particular problem solution and further, now basically unlimited fundamental science development (otherwise dangerously (...)
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  2. Consciousness and Fundamental Reality.Philip Goff - 2017 - New York, USA: Oup Usa.
    The first half of this book argues that physicalism cannot account for consciousness, and hence cannot be true. The second half explores and defends Russellian monism, a radical alternative to both physicalism and dualism. The view that emerges combines panpsychism with the view that the universe as a whole is fundamental.
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  3. Phenomenology of Fundamental Reality.Nino Kadić - 2022 - Dissertation, King's College London
    Panpsychism, the view that consciousness is present everywhere at the fundamental level of reality, has established itself as an increasingly popular option in the philosophy of mind. Situated between substance dualism and reductive physicalism, panpsychism aims to capture the intuitions behind both, integrating consciousness into the physical world without explaining it in terms of purely physical facts. In this thesis, I offer a defence of panpsychism. -/- First, I examine influential arguments against physicalism, such as Thomas Nagel’s (1974, (...)
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  4. Metaphor role in the fundamental reality of existence semantical survey.Mahdi Sepehri - 2012 - پژوهشنامه فلسفه دین 1 (2):163-189.
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  5.  87
    Philip Goff: Consciousness and Fundamental Reality[REVIEW]Daniel Stoljar - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 1.
  6.  51
    On the Ātman Thesis Concerning Fundamental Reality.Wolfgang Fasching - 2022 - The Monist 105 (1):58-75.
    The central thesis of the philosophy of Advaita Vedānta is the doctrine of the identity of brahman and ātman. Brahman is essentially sat, being as such in the sense of the dimension of existence in which all worldly goings-on take place. The ātman is conceived as the “seer,” i.e., as the pure subject qua the to-whom of any experiential givenness; and this subject, in turn, is understood not as some entity that performs the seeing but as nothing but the very (...)
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  7.  21
    Delectable Creatures and the Fundamental Reality of Metaphor: Biosemiotics and Animal Mind. [REVIEW]Wendy Wheeler - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (3):277-287.
    This article argues that organisms, defined by a semi-permeable membrane or skin separating organism from environment, are (must be) semiotically alert responders to environments (both Innenwelt and Umwelt). As organisms and environments complexify over time, so, necessarily, does semiotic responsiveness, or ‘semiotic freedom’. In complex environments, semiotic responsiveness necessitates increasing plasticity of discernment, or discrimination. Such judgements, in other words, involve interpretations. The latter, in effect, consist of translations of a range of sign relations which, like metaphor, are based on (...)
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  8. Consciousness all over the place: Philip Goff: Consciousness and fundamental reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 290pp, £53.00 HB.Pierre Saint-Germier - 2018 - Metascience 28 (1):37-40.
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    Fundamentals: ten keys to reality.Frank Wilczek - 2021 - New York: Penguin Press.
    One of our great contemporary scientists presents ten insights that illuminate what every thinking person needs to know about what the world is and how it works. Nobel Prize winner Frank Wilczek's Fundamentals is built around a simple but profound idea: the models of the world we construct as children are practical and adequate for everyday life, but they do not bring in the surprising and mind-expanding revelations of modern science. To do that, we must look at the world anew, (...)
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  10.  70
    Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality.Ricki Bliss & Graham Priest (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Fifteen leading philosophers explore metaphysical foundationalism, the idea that reality has an over-arching hierarchical structure ordered by relations of metaphysical dependence, where chains of entities ordered by those dependence relations terminate in something fundamental.
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  11.  84
    Review of Philip Goff's Consciousness and Fundamental Reality[REVIEW]Hane Htut Maung - 2021 - Synthesis Philosophica 36 (1):242-245.
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  12. Is reality fundamentally qualitative?Andrew Bacon - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (1):259-295.
    Individuals play a prominent role in many metaphysical theories. According to an individualistic metaphysics, reality is determined by the pattern of properties and relations that hold between individuals. A number of philosophers have recently brought to attention alternative views in which individuals do not play such a prominent role; in this paper I will investigate one of these alternatives.
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  13. Fundamentality and Levels in Everettian Quantum Mechanics.Alastair Wilson - 2022 - In Valia Allori (ed.), Quantum Mechanics and Fundamentality: Naturalizing Quantum Theory between Scientific Realism and Ontological Indeterminacy. Cham: Springer.
    Distinctions in fundamentality between different levels of description are central to the viability of contemporary decoherence-based Everettian quantum mechanics (EQM). This approach to quantum theory characteristically combines a determinate fundamental reality (one universal wave function) with an indeterminate emergent reality (multiple decoherent worlds). In this chapter I explore how the Everettian appeal to fundamentality and emergence can be understood within existing metaphysical frameworks, identify grounding and concept fundamentality as promising theoretical tools, and use them to characterize a (...)
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  14. Reality: Fundamental Topics in Metaphysics.Peter Loptson - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):497-500.
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  15.  11
    Reality: Fundamental Topics in Metaphysics.Peter J. Loptson - 2001 - University of Toronto Press.
    Explores some of the major topics in metaphysics, such as essence, existence, substance, purpose, space, time, mind, causality, God, freedom, and the possibilities of immortality. An excellent companion to metaphysical studies.
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  16.  42
    Reality and Its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality.Sara Rachel Chant - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (1):209-209.
    Volume 98, Issue 1, March 2020, Page 209-209.
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  17. Ultimate reality and meta-solutions to fundamental problems.Ronald Glasberg - 2003 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 26 (4):283-302.
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  18. Space Emergence in Contemporary Physics: Why We Do Not Need Fundamentality, Layers of Reality and Emergence.Baptiste Le Bihan - 2018 - Disputatio 10 (49):71-95.
    ‘Space does not exist fundamentally: it emerges from a more fundamental non-spatial structure.’ This intriguing claim appears in various research programs in contemporary physics. Philosophers of physics tend to believe that this claim entails either that spacetime does not exist, or that it is derivatively real. In this article, I introduce and defend a third metaphysical interpretation of the claim: reductionism about space. I argue that, as a result, there is no need to subscribe to fundamentality, layers of (...) and emergence in order to analyse the constitution of space by non-spatial entities. It follows that space constitution, if borne out, does not provide empirical evidence in favour of a stratified, Aristotelian in spirit, metaphysics. The view will be described in relation to two particular research programs in contemporary physics: wave function realism and loop quantum gravity. (shrink)
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  19.  50
    The Foundation of Reality: Fundamentality, Space, and Time.David Glick, George Darby & Anna Marmodoro (eds.) - 2020 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Are space and time fundamental features of our world or might they emerge from something else? The Foundation of Reality brings together metaphysicians and philosophers of physics working on space, time, and fundamentality to address this timely question.
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  20.  39
    Science, realization and reality: The fundamental issues.Hans Radder - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3):327-349.
  21.  3
    Misogyny as the Fundamental Principle of the Structure of Reality : From horror against the men to the ethics of immersio-pathy. 윤지영 - 2016 - Journal of the Society of Philosophical Studies 115:197-243.
    필자는 본 논문에서 미소지니의 어원학적 정의방식과 이 개념의 철학적, 형이상학적 함의를 고찰할 것이다. 나아가 이것의 사회, 문화적 개념화 작업을 현 사회의 맥락 안에서 재정의해 나가며 이것이 여성멸시와 여성비하로 번역되는 것이 왜 부적합한가를 논증할 것이다.BR 두 번째로 여성들이 어떠한 감각판 위에서 고질화된 폭력의 지반으로서의 일상을 경험하고 있는가를 살펴보기 위해 폭력의 현상학을 도입해 볼 것이다. 이를 통해 남성혐오가 아닌 남성공포를 기반으로 작동하는 여성의 일상 재편방식을 폭로함과 동시에 사회적 죽음과 생물학적 죽음의 두 죽음 사이에 가로놓인 여성의 경험을 통감의 윤리학을 통해 조망해 낼 것이다. (...)
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  22.  17
    First Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy.Andrew Bailey (ed.) - 2004 - Broadview Press.
    First Philosophy : Knowledge and Reality brings together classic and ground-breaking readings on epistemology and the philosophy of science. Mindful of the intrinsic difficulty of much of the material, the editor has provided comprehensive introductions both to the central topics and to each individual selection. By providing a detailed discussion of the historical and intellectual background to each piece, he aims to enable readers to approach the material without unnecessary barriers to understanding. In an introductory chapter, the editor provides (...)
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  23. Reality: Fundamental Topics in Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Jeff Malpas - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):663-664.
    Although often taken to lie at the very heart of philosophical inquiry, metaphysics has, at least since the time of Hume and Kant, frequently been surrounded by uncertainty and doubt as to its nature, possibility, and significance. The dominance of idealist philosophy in the late nineteenth century, and the reaction against it in the early twentieth, was often seen in terms of the dominance and subsequent decline of metaphysical styles of thought. Indeed, during the first half of the twentieth century (...)
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  24.  29
    Non-Locality as a Fundamental Principle of Reality: Bell's Theorem and Space-Like Interconnectedness.A. Rauscher Elizabeth - 2017 - Cosmos and History 13 (2):204-216.
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  25.  6
    Chance as an existential reality: on one of the most fundamental categories in Alexander Herzen’s thought.Jacek Uglik - 2020 - Studies in East European Thought 72 (1):31-41.
    The article emphasises that the importance of Herzen’s philosophical input is related to his human-centered approach. There are three areas of investigation that are of particular importance in this context: responsibility, freedom and chance. I argue that according to Herzen, chance, by tearing apart the net of supposedly necessary causes and effects in the physico-social world, proves that the existence of man is best understood as a manifestation of man's free agency. Whereas the lack of freedom would mean that an (...)
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  26. Consciousness and Reality: A Fundamental Critique of Panpsychism.Jack Robert June Edmunds-Coopey - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
     
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  27. Peter Loptson, Reality: Fundamental Topics in Metaphysics Reviewed by.John Tietz - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (3):202-203.
     
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  28. Ontic structural realism and quantum field theory: Are there intrinsic properties at the most fundamental level of reality?Philipp Berghofer - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:176-188.
    Ontic structural realism refers to the novel, exciting, and widely discussed basic idea that the structure of physical reality is genuinely relational. In its radical form, the doctrine claims that there are, in fact, no objects but only structure, i.e., relations. More moderate approaches state that objects have only relational but no intrinsic properties. In its most moderate and most tenable form, ontic structural realism assumes that at the most fundamental level of physical reality there are only (...)
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  29. Fundamentality and Ontological Minimality.Tuomas E. Tahko - 2018 - In Ricki Bliss & Graham Priest (eds.), Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 237-253.
    In this chapter, a generic definition of fundamentality as an ontological minimality thesis is sought and its applicability examined. Most discussions of fundamentality are focused on a mereological understanding of the hierarchical structure of reality, which may be combined with an atomistic, object-oriented metaphysics. But recent work in structuralism, for instance, calls for an alternative understanding and it is not immediately clear that the conception of fundamentality at work in structuralism is commensurable with the mereological conception. However, it is (...)
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  30. Fundamentality without Foundations.Michael J. Raven - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (3):607-626.
    A commonly held view is that a central aim of metaphysics is to give a fundamental account of reality which refers only to the fundamental entities. But a puzzle arises. It is at least a working hypothesis for those pursuing the aim that, first, there must be fundamental entities. But, second, it also seems possible that the world has no foundation, with each entity depending on others. These two claims are inconsistent with the widely held third (...)
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  31. Against Fundamentality‐Based Metaphysics.Martin A. Lipman - 2018 - Noûs 52 (3):587-610.
    Metaphysical views typically draw some distinction between reality and appearance, endorsing realism about some subject matters and antirealism about others. There are different conceptions of how best to construe antirealist theories. A simple view has it that we are antirealists about a subject matter when we believe that this subject matter fails to obtain. This paper discusses an alternative view, which I will call the fundamentality-based conception of antirealism. We are antirealists in this sense when we think that the (...)
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  32.  31
    Reality Making.Mark Jago (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press UK.
    What makes up reality, and how? What kinds of entity are fundamental to reality, and how do dependent entities depend on the fundamental ones? How does one entity metaphysically ground another? These questions are central to contemporary metaphysics. The papers in this collection, written by a new generation of metaphysicians, address these and related questions. They investigate the metaphysical concepts of grounding and fundamentality, and the relationship between the fundamental and all the other parts of (...)
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  33.  30
    Augmented Reality: Reflections on its Contribution to Knowledge Formation.José María Ariso (ed.) - 2017 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    There is at present no publication specifically dedicated to analyzing the philosophical implications of augmented reality, especially regarding knowledge formation, which constitutes a fundamental trait of knowledge society. That is why this volume includes an analysis of the applications and implications of augmented reality. While applications cover diverse fields like psychopathology and education, implications concern issues as diverse as negative knowledge, group cognition, the internet of things, and ontological issues, among others. In this way, it is intended (...)
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  34. Virtual Reality and Empathy Enhancement: Ethical Aspects.Jon Rueda & Francisco Lara - 2020 - Frontiers in Robotics and AI 7.
    The history of humankind is full of examples that indicate a constant desire to make human beings more moral. Nowadays, technological breakthroughs might have a significant impact on our moral character and abilities. This is the case of Virtual Reality (VR) technologies. The aim of this paper is to consider the ethical aspects of the use of VR in enhancing empathy. First, we will offer an introduction to VR, explaining its fundamental features, devices and concepts. Then, we will (...)
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  35.  18
    Loptson, Peter. Reality: Fundamental Topics in Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Jeff Malpas - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):663-665.
  36. Peter Loptson, Reality: Fundamental Topics in Metaphysics. [REVIEW]John Tietz - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22:202-203.
  37.  51
    Fundamental Things: Theory and Applications of Grounding.Louis deRosset - 2023 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    The scientific successes of the last 400 years strongly suggest a view on which things are organized into layers, with phenomena in higher layers dependent on and determined by what goes on below. Philosophers have recently explored the idea that we can make sense of this idea by appeal to a relation called grounding. This book develops the rudiments of a theory of grounding, and applies that theory to questions of independent interest. The theorizing consists in saying in more detail (...)
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  38.  2
    First Philosophy II: Knowledge and Reality - Second Edition: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy.Robert M. Martin - 2011 - Broadview Press.
    First Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality brings together classic and ground-breaking readings on epistemology and the philosophy of science. Andrew Bailey’s highly regarded introductory anthology has been revised and updated in this new edition. The comprehensive introductory material for each chapter and selection remains, and new sections on philosophical puzzles and paradoxes and philosophical terminology have been added. New readings include Edmund Gettier on justified true belief, Wesley Salmon on induction, and Helen Longino on feminist science.
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  39.  6
    First Philosophy Ii: Knowledge and Reality - Second Edition: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy.Andrew Bailey (ed.) - 2011 - Broadview Press.
    _First Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality_ brings together classic and ground-breaking readings on epistemology and the philosophy of science. Andrew Bailey’s highly regarded introductory anthology has been revised and updated in this new edition. The comprehensive introductory material for each chapter and selection remains, and new sections on philosophical puzzles and paradoxes and philosophical terminology have been added. New readings include Edmund Gettier on justified true belief, Wesley Salmon on induction, and Helen Longino on feminist science.
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  40.  33
    Fundamentality and Grounding.Kerry McKenzie - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    A suite of questions concerning fundamentality lies at the heart of contemporary metaphysics. The relation of grounding, thought to connect the more to the less fundamental, sits at the heart of those debates in turn. Since most contemporary metaphysicians embrace the doctrine of physicalism and thus hold that reality is fundamentally physical, a natural question is how physics can inform the current debates over fundamentality and grounding. This Element introduces the reader to the concept of grounding and some (...)
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  41. Fundamental truthmakers and non-fundamental truths.Arthur Schipper - 2019 - Synthese 198 (4):3073-3098.
    Recently, philosophers have tried to develop a version of truthmaker theory which ties the truthmaking relation closely to the notion of fundamentality. In fact, some of these truthmaker-fundamentalists, as I call them, assume that the notion of fundamentality is intelligible in part by citing, as central examples of fundamentals, truthmakers, which they understand necessarily as constituents of fundamental reality. The aim of this paper is first to bring some order and clarity to this discussion, sketching how far TF (...)
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  42.  27
    The Poetry of ‘Flesh’ or the Reality of Perception? Merleau-Ponty’s Fundamental Error.Paul Crowther - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (2):255-278.
    The present paper argues that Merleau-Ponty’s notion of Flesh/reversibility intellectually is significantly flawed, and leads phenomenology into something of a dead end. This is shown through the following strategy. First Merleau-Ponty’s account of originary perception and his critique of the reflective attitude are expounded. They are shown to culminate in rejection of the subject-object relation as an ontological fundamental in favour of a ‘hyper-reflective method’. A critique of Merleau-Ponty’s position is then offered. It argues that originary perception is not (...)
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    A critical analysis of the philosophical motivations and development of the concept of the field of rationality as a representation of the fundamental ontology of the physical reality.Wojciech Grygiel - 2022 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 72:87-108.
    The unusual applicability of mathematics to the description of the physical reality still remains a major investigative task for philosophers, physicists, mathematicians and cognitive scientists. The presented article offers a critical analysis of the philosophical motivations and development of a major attempt to resolve this task put forward by two prominent Polish philosophers: Józef Życiński and Michał Heller. In order to explain this particular property of mathematics Życiński has first introduced the concept of the field of rationality together with (...)
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  44. Physical reality.Max Born - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (11):139-149.
    The notion of reality in the physical world has become, during the last century, somewhat problematic. The contrast between the simple and obvious reality of the innumerable instruments, machines, engines, and gadgets produced by our technological industry, which is applied physics, and of the vague and abstract reality of the fundamental concepts of physical science, as forces and fields, particles and quanta, is doubtlessly bewildering. There has already developed a gap between pure and applied science and (...)
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  45. The Fundamental Facts Can Be Logically Simple.Alexander Jackson - 2023 - Noûs 1:1-20.
    I like the view that the fundamental facts are logically simple, not complex. However, some universal generalizations and negations may appear fundamental, because they cannot be explained by logically simple facts about particulars. I explore a natural reply: those universal generalizations and negations are true because certain logically simple facts—call them —are the fundamental facts. I argue that this solution is only available given some metaphysical frameworks, some conceptions of metaphysical explanation and fundamentality. It requires a ‘fitting’ (...)
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  46.  2
    The reality frame: relativity and our place in the universe.Brian Clegg - 2017 - London: Icon Books.
    Weaving together the great ideas of science, Reality's Frame takes us on a thrilling journey from empty space all the way to the human mind. Acclaimed science writer Brian Clegg builds up reality piece by piece, from space, to time, to matter, movement, the fundamental forces, life, and the massive transformation that life itself has wrought on the natural world. He reveals that underlying it all is not, as we might believe, a system of immovable absolutes, but (...)
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  47.  4
    Is reality secular?: testing the assumptions of four global worldviews.Mary S. Poplin - 2014 - Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity.
    What is the nature of reality? What does it mean to be human? And how do we account for ethics and morality? Mary Poplin examines naturalism, humanism, pantheism and Judeo-Christian theism and explores the fundamental assumptions and limitations of each perspective.
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  48. Fundamentality in metaphysics and the philosophy of physics. Part I: Metaphysics.Matteo Morganti - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7):e12690.
    This is the first part of a two-tier overview article on fundamentality in metaphysics and the philosophy of physics. It provides an introduction to the notion of fundamentality in metaphysics, as well as to several related concepts. The key issues in the contemporary debate on the topic are summarised, making systematic reference to the most relevant literature. In particular, various ways in which the fundamental entities and the fundamental structure of reality may be conceived are illustrated and (...)
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  49.  78
    Fundamentality and the Existence of God.Joshua R. Sijuwade - 2021 - Manuscrito 44 (4):93-168.
    In this article, I seek to assess the extent to which Theism, the claim that there is a God, can provide a true fundamental explanation for the existence of certain entities within the layered structure of reality. More precisely, I assume the cogency of Swinburne’s explanatory framework and seek to resituate it within a new philosophical context-that of the field of contemporary metaphysics-which will enable me to develop a true fundamental explanation for the existence of the non- (...) entities that fill up the various levels of the layered structure of reality. And thus, given the truth of this type of explanation, we will have one more good reason to believe in the existence of God. (shrink)
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  50.  61
    Fundamental Truths and the Principle of Sufficient Reason in Bolzano's Theory of Grounding.Stefan Roski & Benjamins Schnieder - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):675-706.
    reality is a complex affair. It comprises a huge variety of different elements. Importantly, though, reality is not a mere aggregate of its elements but rather a structured whole or system whose building blocks are not all on the same level. Instead, they form hierarchical networks ordered by relations of priority. In such networks, derivative aspects of reality obtain in virtue of their grounds, that is, in virtue of more fundamental aspects of reality that are (...)
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