Results for 'future generations'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Future Generations: A Challenge for Moral Theory.Gustaf Arrhenius - 2000 - Dissertation, Uppsala University
    For the last thirty years or so, there has been a search underway for a theory that can accommodate our intuitions in regard to moral duties to future generations. The object of this search has proved surprisingly elusive. The classical moral theories in the literature all have perplexing implications in this area. Classical Utilitarianism, for instance, implies that it could be better to expand a population even if everyone in the resulting population would be much worse off than (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  2. Future Generations: A Prioritarian View.Matthew Adler - 2009 - George Washington Law Review 77:1478-1520.
    Should we remain neutral between our interests and those of future generations? Or are we ethically permitted or even required to depart from neutrality and engage in some measure of intergenerational discounting? This Article addresses the problem of intergenerational discounting by drawing on two different intellectual traditions: the social welfare function (“SWF”) tradition in welfare economics, and scholarship on “prioritarianism” in moral philosophy. Unlike utilitarians, prioritarians are sensitive to the distribution of well-being. They give greater weight to well-being (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  3.  75
    Representing Future Generations: Political Presentism and Democratic Trusteeship.Dennis F. Thompson - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (1):17-37.
    Democracy is prone to what may be called presentism ? a bias in the laws in favor of present over future generations. I identify the characteristics of democracies that lead to presentism, and examine the reasons that make it a serious problem. Then I consider why conventional theories are not adequate to deal with it, and develop a more satisfactory alternative approach, which I call democratic trusteeship. Present generations can represent future generations by acting as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  4. Future Generations: Further Problems.Derek Parfit - 1982 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (2):113-172.
  5.  81
    Risking Future Generations.Rahul Kumar - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):245-257.
    Many of the policy choices we face that have implications for the lives of future generations involve creating a risk that they will live lives that are significantly compromised. I argue that we can fruitfully make use of the resources of Scanlon’s contractualist account of moral reasoning to make sense of the intuitive idea that, in many cases, the objection to adopting a policy that puts the interest of future generations at risk is that doing so (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6. Future Generations: A Challenge for Moral Theory.Gustaf Arrhenius - manuscript
    FD-Diss., Uppsala: University Printers, 2000 (ix+225 pages).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  7.  30
    Future Generations and the Justifiability of Germline Engineering.Ioana Petre - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (3):328-341.
    The possibility of performing germline modifications on currently living individuals targets future generations’ health and well-being by reducing the diversity of the human gene pool. This can have two negative repercussions: reduction of heterozygosity, the latter being associated with a health or performance advantage; uniformization of the genes involved in reproductive recombination, which may lead to the health risks involved in asexual reproduction. I argue that germline interventions aimed at modifying the genomes of future people cannot be (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  8.  16
    Institutions for Future Generations.Iñigo González-Ricoy & Axel Gosseries - 2017 - Oxford, Royaume-Uni: Oxford University Press UK.
    In times of climate change and public debt, a concern for intergenerational justice should lead us to have a closer look at theories of intergenerational justice. It should also press us to provide institutional design proposals to change the decision-making world that surrounds us. This book provides an exhaustive overview of the most important institutional proposals as well as a systematic and theoretical discussion of their respective features and advantages. It focuses on institutional proposals aimed at taking the interests of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  9. On Future Generations' Future Rights.Axel Gosseries - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (4):446-474.
  10. Future Generations and Interpersonal Compensations: Moral Aspects of Energy Use.Gustaf Arrhenius & Krister Bykvist - manuscript
    The long sweep of human history has involved a continuing interaction between peoples' efforts to improve their well-being and the environment's stability to sustain those efforts. Throughout most of that history, the interactions between human development and the environment have been relatively simple and local affairs. But the complexity and scale of those interactions are increasing. What were once local incidents of pollution shared throughout a common watershed or air basin now involve multile nations - witness the concerns for acid (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  11.  36
    Future Generations in Democracy: Representation or Consideration?Karsten Klint Jensen - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (3):535-548.
    This paper asks whether the genuine representation of future generations brings any added value that could not be achieved by institutions or procedures installed to supplement and support ordinary representative democracy. On this background, it reviews some arguments for genuine representation of future generations. The analysis reveals that they tend to overlook the democratic costs of such representation, while they seem to ignore the alternative of giving consideration to the interests of future generations within (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12.  31
    Future Generations and Contemporary Ethics.Lawrence E. Johnson - 2003 - Environmental Values 12 (4):471 - 487.
    Future generations do not exist, and are not determinate in their make-up. The moral significance of future generations cannot be accounted for on the basis of a purely individualistic ethic. Yet future generations are morally significant. The Person-Affecting Principle, that (roughly) only acts which are likely to affect particular individuals are morally significant, must be augmented in such a way as to take into account the moral significance of Homo sapiens, a holistic entity which (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  13.  5
    Why Worry About Future Generations?Samuel Scheffler - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Why should we care what happens to future generations? Samuel Scheffler argues that we are more invested in the fate of our descendants than we may realize. Implicit in our own attachments are powerful reasons for wanting the chain of human generations to persist into the indefinite future under conditions conducive to human flourishing.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  14.  45
    On Future GenerationsFuture Rights.Gosseries Axel - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (4):446-474.
  15.  24
    Future Generations: Present Harms: John O'Neill.John O'neill - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (263):35-51.
    There is a special problem with respect to our obligations to future generations which is that we can benefit or harm them but that they cannot benefit or harm us. Goodin summarizes the point well: No analysis of intergenerational justice that is cast even vaguely in terms of reciprocity can hope to succeed. The reason is the one which Addison… puts into the mouth of an Old Fellow of College, who when he was pressed by the Society to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  16.  82
    Future Generations as Rightholders.Johan Brännmark - 2016 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (6):680-698.
  17. Sustainable Development and Future Generations.Volkert Beekman - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (1):3-22.
    This paper argues, mainly on the basis of Rawls''s savings principle, Wissenburg''s restraint principle, Passmore's chains of love, and De-Shalit's transgenerational communities, for a double interpretation of sustainable development as a principle of intergenerational justice and a future-oriented green ideal. This double interpretation (1) embraces the restraint principle and the argument that no individualcan claim an unconditional right to destroy environmental goods as a baseline that could justify directive strategies for government intervention in non-sustainable lifestyles, and (2) suggests that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  18. Property Rights, Future Generations and the Destruction and Degradation of Natural Resources.Dan Dennis - 2015 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (1):107-139.
    The paper argues that members of future generations have an entitlement to natural resources equal to ours. Therefore, if a currently living individual destroys or degrades natural resources then he must pay compensation to members of future generations. This compensation takes the form of “primary goods” which will be valued by members of future generations as equally useful for promoting the good life as the natural resources they have been deprived of. As a result (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19.  41
    Future Generations and Business Ethics.Ronald Jeurissen & Gerard Keijzers - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1):47-69.
    Companies have a share in our common responsibility to future generations. Hitherto, this responsibility has been all butneglected in the business ethics literature. This paper intends to make up for that omission. A strong case for our moral responsibility tofuture generations can be established on the grounds of moral rights theory, utilitarianism and justice theory. The paper analyses two practical cases in environmental policy, in order to come to grips with the complicated ethical issues involved in the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20.  36
    Should Future Generations Be Content with Plastic Trees and Singing Electronic Birds?Danielle Zwarthoed - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2):219-236.
    The aim of this paper is to determine whether the present generation should preserve non-human living things for future generations, even if in the future all the contributions these organisms currently make to human survival in decent conditions were performed by adequate technology and future people's preferences were satisfied by this state of affairs. The paper argues it would be wrong to leave a world without non-human living plants, animals and other organisms to future (...), because such a world would fail to secure one of the conditions of future people’s autonomy, that is, availability of adequate options. Building upon Joseph Raz’s account of autonomy, the paper shows that the presence of non-human living organisms is part of an adequate range of options insofar as, to be adequate, options must meet a test of variety. According to Raz, options pass this test if they enable human agents to exercise a set of physical, affective, imaginative and cognitive capacities humans normally have an innate drive to exercise. The paper discusses empirical findings as well as psychological theories that provide support to the hypothesis that interactions with non-human living organisms enable human beings to develop and exercise these capacities by shaping these capacities in a special way, different from the way interactions with other environments do. (shrink)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21. Justice and Future Generations.D. Clayton Hubin - 1976 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (1):70-83.
    In A Theory of Justice, Rawls attempts to ground intergenerational justice by "virtual representation" through a thickening of the veil of ignorance. Contractors don't know to what generation they belong. This approach is flawed and will not result in the just savings principle Rawls hopes to justify. The project of grounding intergenerational duties on a social contractarian foundation is misconceived. Non-overlapping generations do not stand in relation to one another that is central to the contractarian approach.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  22.  43
    Obligations to Future Generations.Richard I. Sikora & Brian M. Barry (eds.) - 1978 - White Horse Press.
    This reprint of a collection of essays on problems concerning future generations examines questions such as whether intrinsic value should be placed on the preservation of mankind, what are our obligations to posterity, and whether potential people have moral rights.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  23. The Paradoxes of Future Generations and Normative Theory.Gustaf Arrhenius - 2004 - In Torbjörn Tännsjö & Jesper Ryberg (eds.), The Repugnant Conclusion: Essays on Population Ethics. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 201-218.
    As the title of this paper indicates, I’m going to discuss what we ought to do in situations where our actions affect future generations. More specifically, I shall focus on the moral problems raised by cases where our actions affect who’s going to live, their number and their well being. I’ll start, however, with population axiology. Most discussion in population ethics has concentrated on how to evaluate populations in regard to their goodness, that is, how to order populations (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  24.  35
    Future Generations: Present Harms.John O'neill - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (263):35 - 51.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  25. A Contract on Future Generations?Stephen M. Gardiner - 2009 - In Axel Gosseries & Lukas H. Meyer (eds.), Intergenerational Justice. Oxford University Press.
    Contract theories – such as contractarianism and contractualism - seek to justify (and sometimes to explain) moral and political ideals and principles through the notion of “mutually agreeable reciprocity or cooperation between equals” (Darwall 2002). This chapter argues that such theories face fundamental difficulties in the intergenerational setting. Most prominently, the standard understanding of cooperation appears not to apply, and the intergenerational setting brings on a more severe collective action problem than the traditional prisoner’s dilemma. Mainstream contract theorists (such as (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  26.  34
    Specifying the Concept of Future Generations for Addressing Issues Related to High-Level Radioactive Waste.Celine Kermisch - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1797-1811.
    The nuclear community frequently refers to the concept of “future generations” when discussing the management of high-level radioactive waste. However, this notion is generally not defined. In this context, we have to assume a wide definition of the concept of future generations, conceived as people who will live after the contemporary people are dead. This definition embraces thus each generation following ours, without any restriction in time. The aim of this paper is to show that, in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27. Obligations to Future Generations.M. P. Golding - 1972 - The Monist 56 (1):85-99.
    The purpose of this note is to examine the notion of obligations to future generations, a notion that finds increasing use in discussions of social policies and programs, particularly as concerns population distribution and control and environment control. Thus, it may be claimed, the solution of problems in these areas is not merely a matter of enhancing our own good, improving our own conditions of life, but is also a matter of discharging an obligation to future (...). (shrink)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  28.  53
    Future Generations and Contemporary Ethical Theory.Stephen Bickham - 1981 - Journal of Value Inquiry 15 (2):169-177.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29.  58
    Future Generations, Locke's Proviso and Libertarian Justice.Robert Elliot - 1986 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (2):217-227.
    Libertarian justice arguably permits much that is harsh. It might plausibly be thought to generate only minimal obligations on the part of present people toward future generations. This turns out not to be so, at least on Nozick's version of libertarian justice, which is among the most thoroughly worked-out versions. Nozickian justice generates extensive obligations to future people. This provides an indirect argument for environmentalist policies such as resource conservation and wilderness preservation. The basis for these obligations (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  72
    Future Generations, Public Policy, and the Motivation Problem.Norman S. Care - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (3):195-213.
    A motivation problem may arise when morally principled public policy calls for serious sacrifice, relative to ways of life and levels of well-being, on the part of the members of a free society. Apart from legal or other forms of “external” coercion, what will, could, or should move people to make the sacrifices required by morality? I explore the motivation problem in the context of morally principled public policy concerning our legacy for future generations. In this context the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  10
    Future Generations : Present Harms.John O'Neill - unknown
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  32.  34
    Present Rights for Future Generations.Charlotte Unruh - 2016 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):77-92.
    In this paper, I defend the view that within a rights-based ethical framework, the moral status of future generations is best understood as that of present rightsholders. I argue that in this way it can be justified that we have obligations towards future generations. This justification in turn is of great relevance for many issues in moral theory and applied ethics. In the first part of the paper, I argue that the fact that future persons (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33.  30
    Protecting Future Generations: Intergenerational Buck-Passing, Theoretical Ineptitude and a Brief for a Global Core Precautionary Principle.Stephan M. Gardiner - 2006 - In Tremmel J. (ed.), The Handbook of Intergenerational Justice. Edward Elgar. pp. 148--169.
  34.  83
    Our Obligations to Future Generations: The Limits of Intergenerational Justice and the Necessity of the Ethics of Metaphysics.Pranay Sanklecha - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (2-3):229-245.
    Theories of intergenerational justice are a very common and popular way to conceptualise the obligations currently living people may have to future generations. After briefly pointing out that these theories presuppose certain views about the existence, number and identity of future people, I argue that the presuppositions must themselves be ethically investigated, and that theories of intergenerational justice lack the theoretical resources to be able to do this. On that basis, I claim it is necessary to do (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35.  34
    Epigenetics and Future Generations.Lorenzo del Savio, Michele Loi & Elia Stupka - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (8):580-587.
    Recent evidence of intergenerational epigenetic programming of disease risk broadens the scope of public health preventive interventions to future generations, i.e. non existing people. Due to the transmission of epigenetic predispositions, lifestyles such as smoking or unhealthy diet might affect the health of populations across several generations. While public policy for the health of future generations can be justified through impersonal considerations, such as maximizing aggregate well-being, in this article we explore whether there are rights-based (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  36.  50
    Future Generations and the Metaphysics of the Self: Western and Indian Philosophical Perspectives.Roy W. Perrett - 2003 - Asian Philosophy 13 (1):29 – 37.
    Our present actions can have effects on future generations - affecting not only the environment they will inherit, but even perhaps their very existence. This raises a number of important moral issues, many of which have only recently received serious philosophical attention. I begin by discussing some contemporary Western philosophical perspectives on the problem of our obligations to future generations, and then go on to consider how these approaches might relate to the classical Indian philosophical tradition. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. The Right to Parent and Duties Concerning Future Generations.Anca Gheaus - 2016 - Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (1):487-508.
    Several philosophers argue that individuals have an interest-protecting right to parent; specifically, the interest is in rearing children whom one can parent adequately. If such a right exists it can provide a solution to scepticism about duties of justice concerning distant future generations and bypass the challenge provided by the non-identity problem. Current children - whose identity is independent from environment-affecting decisions of current adults - will have, in due course, a right to parent. Adequate parenting requires resources. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  38. The Wellbeing of Future Generations. Broome - 2016 - In The Oxford Handbook of Wellbeing and Public Policy. Oxford University Press. pp. 901–28.
    This chapter surveys some of the issues that arise in policy making when the wellbeing of future generations must be taken into account. It analyses the discounting of future wellbeing, and considers whether it is permissible. It argues that the effects of policy on the number of future people should not be ignored, and it considers what is an appropriate basis for setting a value on these effects. It considers the implications of the non-identity effect for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39. Conservation, Foresight, and the Future Generations Problem.Steve Vanderheiden - 2006 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (4):337 – 352.
    The practice of conservation assumes that current persons have some obligations to future generations, but these obligations are complicated by a number of philosophical problems, chief among which is what Derek Parfit calls the Non-Identity Problem. Because our actions now will affect the identities of persons to be born in the distant future, we cannot say that those actions either benefit or harm those persons. Thus, a causal link between our acts and their consequences for particular persons (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  40. Constitutional Experiments: Representing Future Generations Through Submajority Rules.Kristian Skagen Ekeli - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (4):440-61.
  41. Circumstances of Justice and Future Generations.Brian Barry - 1978 - In Richard I. Sikora & Brian M. Barry (eds.), Obligations to Future Generations. White Horse Press. pp. 204--48.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  42.  50
    Moral Obligations Towards Future Generations in African Thought.Kevin Gary Behrens - 2012 - Journal of Global Ethics 8 (2-3):179-191.
    Given the importance of being able to account for moral obligations towards future generations, especially in the light of the problem of global climate change, I argue that there are under-appreciated notions in African thought that are able to significantly contribute to the on-going discourse with respect to inter-generational moral obligations. I identify two related African notions, both springing from the prominent belief that ancestors who have died ? but continue to have a presence ? are entitled to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  43. Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of Our Obligations to Future Generations.Tim Mulgan - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    What do we owe to our descendants? How do we balance their needs against our own? Tim Mulgan develops a new theory of our obligations to future generations, based on a new rule-consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. He also brings together several different contemporary philosophical discussions, including the demands of morality and international justice. His aim is to produce a coherent, intuitively plausible moral theory that is not unreasonably demanding, even when extended to cover (...) people. While the book focuses on developing this new account, there are also substantial discussions of alternative views, especially contract-based accounts of intergenerational justice and competing forms of consequentialism. (shrink)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  44.  24
    Disability, Equality, and Future Generations.Julia Mosquera - unknown
    This thesis is an evaluation of the badness of disability and equality. It argues that disability poses a problem for equality and that, given the new advances in reproductive and gene technologies, egalitarians should strive to give an answer to how we should best reduce the inequality between disabled and non-disabled individuals of future generations. To support the claim that disabilities pose a problem for equality, I argue against the recently proposed Mere Difference View of disability. Firstly, the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  45
    Efficiency and Future Generations.John Broome - 2018 - Economics and Philosophy 34 (2):221-241.
  46.  58
    Negative “GHIs,” the Right to Health Protection, and Future Generations.Jan Deckers - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (2):165-176.
    The argument has been made that future generations of human beings are being harmed unjustifiably by the actions individuals commit today. This paper addresses what it might mean to harm future generations, whether we might harm them, and what our duties toward future generations might be. After introducing the Global Health Impact (GHI) concept as a unit of measurement that evaluates the effects of human actions on the health of all organisms, an incomplete theory (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  47.  87
    Do Future Generations Have the Right to Breathe Clean Air? A Note.Bertram Bandman - 1982 - Political Theory 10 (1):95-102.
  48.  67
    A Call For A Global Constitutional Convention Focused On Future Generations.Stephen M. Gardiner - 2014 - Ethics and International Affairs 28 (3):299-315.
    The Carnegie Council's work “is rooted in the premise that the incorporation of ethical concerns into discussions of international affairs will yield more effective policies both in the United States and abroad.” In honor of the Council's centenary, we have been asked to present our views on the ethical and policy issues posed by climate change, focusing on what people need to know that they probably do not already know, and what should be done. In that spirit, this essay argues (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  49.  46
    Why Posterity Matters: Environmental Policies and Future Generations.Avner De-Shalit - 1994 - Routledge.
    The first comprehensive philosophical examination of our duties to future generations, Dr de-Shalit argues that they are a matter of justice, not charity or supererogation.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  50. Human Rights and Future Generations.Alan Gewirth - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000