Results for 'general point of view'

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  1. Analysis of Searle's Philosophy of Mind and Critique From a Neo-Confucian Point of View Chung-Ying Cheng.Critique From A. Neo-Confucian Point - 2008 - In Bo Mou (ed.), Searle's Philosophy and Chinese Philosophy: Constructive Engagement. Brill. pp. 33.
     
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  2.  54
    Hume’s General Point of View: A Two-Stage Approach.Nir Ben-Moshe - 2020 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (3):431-453.
    I offer a novel two-stage reconstruction of Hume’s general-point-of-view account, modeled in part on his qualified-judges account in ‘Of the Standard of Taste.’ In particular, I argue that the general point of view needs to be jointly constructed by spectators who have sympathized with (at least some of) the agents in (at least some of) the actor’s circles of influence. The upshot of the account is two-fold. First, Hume’s later thought developed in such a (...)
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  3. On Why Hume's “General Point of View” Isn't Ideal–and Shouldn't Be.Geoffrey Sayre-McCord - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (1):202-228.
    It is tempting and not at all uncommon to find the striking—even noble—visage of an Ideal Observer staring out from the center of Hume's moral theory. When Hume claims, for instance, that virtue is “ whatever mental action or quality gives to a spectator the pleasing sentiment of approbation ,” it is only natural to think that he must have in mind not just any spectator but a spectator who is fully informed and unsullied by prejudice. And when Hume writes (...)
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  4. Cosmopolitanism and Hume's General Point of View.Neil McArthur - 2014 - European Journal of Political Theory 13 (3):321-340.
    Hume’s writings, taken as a whole, address a dazzlingly broad range of topics. I argue that they do so as part of a coherent and interesting philosophical programme. While Hume’s doctrine of the general point of view provides an attractive way of understanding the process of moral judgement, it raises the threat of parochialism – that is, it potentially makes us prey to the limitations and prejudices of our society. I show that Hume endorses what I call (...)
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  5. Hume on Motivating Sentiments, the General Point of View, and the Inculcation of "Morality".Elizabeth S. Radcliffe - 1994 - Hume Studies 20 (1):37-58.
    That Hume 's theory can be interpreted in two widely divergent ways-as a version of sentimentalism and as an ideal observer theory-is symptomatic of a puzzle ensconced in Hume 's theory. How can the ground of morality be internal and motivating when an inference to the feelings of a spectator in "the general point of view" is typically necessary to get to genuine moral distinctions? This paper considers and rejects the suggestion that in moral education, for Hume, (...)
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  6. The General Point of View: Love and Moral Approval in Hume's Ethics.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1999 - Hume Studies 25 (1-2):3-42.
    Hume thinks moral judgments are based on sentiments of approval and disapproval we feel when we contemplate someone from a "general point of view." We view her through the eyes of her "narrow circle" and judge her in accordance with general rules. Why do we take up the general point of view? Hume also argues that approval is a calm form of love, love of character, which sets a normative standard for other (...)
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  7.  55
    Hume's General Point of View.William Davie - 1998 - Hume Studies 24 (2):275-294.
    Many readers see Hume's _General Point of View<D> as a cognitive achievement typically requiring a conscious effort of reason and imagination. Moral judging emerges as a special, relatively esoteric activity. Another reading depicts the _General Point of View<D> as largely a matter of habit (or custom). We are usually "insensible" of its operation. Morality appears to be ubiquitous and moral judging utterly commonplace, comparable to the habitual operations of causal inference without which life would be sheer (...)
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  8. Sociability and the Influence of the General Point of View in Hume.Ryan Pollock - 2017 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 34 (1):17-35.
    Hume believes that distinctively moral sentiments can only be felt from a disinterested perspective. While much scholarly attention has been paid to the question of how Hume believes we “correct” our moral sentiments to form a coherent moral language, less has been paid to the question of why we first adopt this disinterested vantage point. Answering this question involves determining what, for Hume, enables our disinterested point of view to influence us despite the fact that the sentiments (...)
     
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  9.  92
    Is the General Point of View the Moral Point of View[REVIEW]Charlotte Brown - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):197–203.
    I focus on Garrett’s account of Hume’s theory of moral evaluation, which Garrett calls “a cognitive history.” Before turning to his account, however, I briefly outline my own alternative reading of Hume’s theory of moral evaluation. One way in which my account differs from Garrett’s is that I follow Árdal, among others, in thinking that Hume takes the moral sentiments to be calm forms of love and hatred. Thus Hume says that approval and disapproval are “nothing but a fainter and (...)
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  10.  11
    Is the General Point of View the Moral Point of View?Charlotte Brown - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):197-203.
    I focus on Garrett’s account of Hume’s theory of moral evaluation, which Garrett calls “a cognitive history.” Before turning to his account, however, I briefly outline my own alternative reading of Hume’s theory of moral evaluation. One way in which my account differs from Garrett’s is that I follow Árdal, among others, in thinking that Hume takes the moral sentiments to be calm forms of love and hatred. Thus Hume says that approval and disapproval are “nothing but a fainter and (...)
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  11.  10
    History Will Judge: Hume's General Point of View in Historical Moral Judgment.Serge Grigoriev - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  12.  49
    Business Ethics From the Internal Point of View.William Kline - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (1):57-67.
    The notion that the firm, and economic activity in general, is inherently amoral is a central feature of positive economics that is also widely accepted in business ethics. Theories as disparate as stockholder and stakeholder theory both leave this central assumption unchallenged. Each theory argues for a different set of external ethical restrictions, but neither adequately provides an internal connection between business and the ethical rules business people are obliged to follow. This paper attempts to make this connection by (...)
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  13.  7
    Las condiciones históricas de posibilidad del General Point of View una solución evolutiva al problema metaético humeano del cognitivismo moral.Santiago Álvarez García - 2017 - Co-herencia 14 (27):269-288.
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  14.  12
    Some General Remarks on Mythology From a Psychologist’s Point of View.A. M. Piatigorsky - 1974 - Semiotica 10 (3).
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  15. The Critique of the Aesthetic Reason, From the Point of View of J. Mukarovsky in Aesthetic Values-General Problems.H. Dethier - 1985 - Philosophica 36:77-88.
     
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  16. The Common Point of View in Hume’s Ethics.Rachel Cohon - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):827-850.
    Hume's moral philosophy makes sentiment essential to moral judgment. But there is more individual consistency and interpersonal agreement in moral judgment than in private emotional reactions. Hume accounts for this by saying that our moral judgments do not manifest our approval or disapproval of character traits and persons "only as they appear from [our] peculiar point of view..." Rather, "we fix on some steady and general points of view; and always, in our thoughts, place ourselves in (...)
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  17.  23
    The Common Point of View in Hume’s Ethics.Rachel Cohon - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):827-850.
    Hume’s moral philosophy makes sentiment essential to moral judgment. But there is more individual consistency and interpersonal agreement in moral judgment than in private emotional reactions. Hume accounts for this by saying that our moral judgments do not manifest our approval or disapproval of character traits and persons “only as they appear from [our] peculiar point of view... ” Rather, “we fix on some steady and general points of view; and always, in our thoughts, place ourselves (...)
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  18.  43
    Quine's Point of View.Miriam Solomon - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):113-136.
    Quine claims to be "working from within" our conceptual scheme and proceeding scientifically. This description makes his views of interest to those who are skeptical of traditional metaphysical projects and to those with confidence in science. This study examines whether Quine is in fact starting within ordinary language and proceeding scientifically and, if not, how his views are to be best understood. I proceed by exploring some central doctrines in Quine's writing, most notably indeterminacy of translation, but also his views (...)
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  19.  63
    From Bolzano’s Point of View.Jan Berg - 2000 - The Monist 83 (1):47-67.
    This is a presentation of Bolzano's ideas on logic, logical semantics, ontology, proof theory, the foundations of mathematics, and certain aspects of the philosophy of nature. Bolzano's world view was a universal one in the sense that philosophy, mathematics, physics, and metaphysics should build upon the same logical foundation. In the pursuit of this encyclopaedic point of view he already recognized many of the essential things to come in logic and the foundations of mathematics.
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  20.  9
    From Bolzano’s Point of View.Jan Berg - 2000 - The Monist 83 (1):47-67.
    I am going to present logic, logical semantics, ontology, proof theory, the foundations of mathematics, and certain aspects of the philosophy of nature from Bolzano’s point of view.
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  21. Conditional Probability From an Ontological Point of View.Rani Lill Anjum, Johan Arnt Myrstad & Stephen Mumford - manuscript
    This paper argues that the technical notion of conditional probability, as given by the ratio analysis, is unsuitable for dealing with our pretheoretical and intuitive understanding of both conditionality and probability. This is an ontological account of conditionals that include an irreducible dispositional connection between the antecedent and consequent conditions and where the conditional has to be treated as an indivisible whole rather than compositional. The relevant type of conditionality is found in some well-defined group of conditional statements. As an (...)
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  22.  36
    The Moral Point of View.Carole Stewart - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (196):177 - 187.
    In his discussion of morals in the Third Book of the Treatise, Hume claims that the taking of what I shall call a general point of view is a necessary condition of the arousal of moral feelings. This aspect of Hume's theory has not received much attention from his commentators before now, although its implications for the theory as a whole might be regarded as significant.
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  23.  73
    The Soul: An Existentialist Point of View[REVIEW]Shai Frogel - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (2-3):191-204.
    The debate in relation to the soul suffers nowadays from a great lack of clarity. At least part of this cloudiness stems from a confusion among three different viewpoints that are not always reconcilable or mutually intelligible: the scientific point of view (natural sciences and empirical psychology), the therapeutic point of view (especially psychoanalysis) and the philosophical point of view. The goal of this paper is to blow away a little this cloudiness, and to (...)
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  24. The Unity of Intellect and Intelligible From a New Point of View.R. Akbari - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 20.
    "In this article, I will try to examine this doctrine from a historical point of view; this examination is, somehow, different from the critical studies on this doctrine. This doctrine should be discussed as an epistemological topic. Hence, to recognize the notion of intelligence, a glance on the history of development of this term will largely help us.''After a historical discussion from the ancient times to the present time, the author says:"``After the advent of Islam and the conquests, (...)
     
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  25.  95
    General Covariance and the Objectivity of Space-Time Point-Events.Luca Lusanna & Massimo Pauri - unknown
    "The last remnant of physical objectivity of space-time" is disclosed, beyond the Leibniz equivalence, in the case of a continuous family of spatially non-compact models of general relativity. The physical individuation of point-events is furnished by the intrinsic degrees of freedom of the gravitational field, (viz, the "Dirac observables") that represent - as it were - the "ontic" part of the metric field. The physical role of the "epistemic" part (viz. the "gauge" variables) is likewise clarified. At the (...)
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  26.  54
    General Covariance and the Objectivity of Space-Time Point-Events: The Physical Role of Gravitational and Gauge Degrees of Freedom - DRAFT.Luca Lusanna & Massimo Pauri - unknown
    This paper deals with a number of technical achievements that are instrumental for a dis-solution of the so-called "Hole Argument" in general relativity. Such achievements include: 1) the analysis of the "Hole" phenomenology in strict connection with the Hamiltonian treatment of the initial value problem. The work is carried through in metric gravity for the class of Christoudoulou-Klainermann space-times, in which the temporal evolution is ruled by the "weak" ADM energy; 2) a re-interpretation of "active" diffeomorphisms as "passive and (...)
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  27.  30
    Review of Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer's The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics. [REVIEW]Jussi Suikkanen - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 67:114-118.
    This is a short review of Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer's book The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics.
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  28.  28
    Wittgenstein: A Religious Point of View? By Norman Malcolm. [REVIEW]James Kellenberger - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):594-597.
    This book is the last book that Norman Malcolm wrote. Though he was working on it until shortly before his death in 1990, making improvements here and there, he left the manuscript essentially ready for publication. His friend Peter Winch has edited Malcolm’s text and added a forty-page discussion that brings the entire work to book length. Malcolm’s starting point is Wittgenstein’s comment, "I am not a religious man but I cannot help seeing every problem from a religious (...) of view." Malcolm sets out to explore how Wittgenstein in his later work took, if not a strictly religious point of view, still something analogous to a religious point of view. His thesis is that there is "an analogy" between Wittgenstein’s philosophical thought and a significant form of religious thought. There are, he goes on to argue, four points of analogy. (shrink)
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  29.  30
    Much Ado About a Point of View.Lance Ashdown - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (4):685-705.
    What did Wittgenstein mean when he remarked, “I am not a religious man but I cannot help but see every problem from a religious point of view”? Malcolm’s thesis is that it points to analogies between Wittgenstein’s philosophical outlook and a religious view of life. In opposition, Peter Winch argues that Wittgenstein’s remark need not be understood as referring to exclusively philosophical problems; rather, Wittgenstein was expressing his own quasi-religious perspective on life and emphasizing the spiritual importance (...)
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  30.  76
    Meaning of Life in Death situation from Wittgenstein Point of View using Grounded Theory.Hoshyar Naderpoor, Reza Akbari & Meysam Latifi - 2017 - Falsafeh: The Iranian Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):95-111.
    This study focuses on the experimental and philosophical analysis of the meaning of life in death situation, according to Wittgenstein’s way of life and sayings during the war. The method of extraction and analysis of information is grounded theory. For this purpose, Wittgenstein’s writings such as his letters and memories, and other’s texts about his life and his internal moods were analyzed. After analyzing the collected information and categorizing them in frames of open codes, axial codes, etc. we recognized that (...)
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  31.  19
    Wittgenstein: From a Religious Point of View?Richard McDonough - 2016 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 15 (43):3-27.
    Wittgenstein’s remark to Drury that he looks at philosophical problems from a religious point of view has greatly puzzled commentators. The paper argues that the readings given by commentators Malcolm, Winch and Lebron are illuminating, but inadequate. Second, using Wittgenstein’s “use-conception of meaning” as an example, the paper proposes a more adequate reading that emphasizes Wittgenstein’s view that “nothing is hidden”. In this connection, the paper examines Fodor’s critique of Wittgenstein’s “use-conception” and shows how Fodor only refutes (...)
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  32. From an Ontological Point of View.John Heil - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    From an Ontological Point of View is a highly original and accessible exploration of fundamental questions about what there is. John Heil discusses such issues as whether the world includes levels of reality; the nature of objects and properties; the demands of realism; what makes things true; qualities, powers, and the relation these bear to one another. He advances an account of the fundamental constituents of the world around us, and applies this account to problems that have plagued (...)
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  33.  18
    An Approach to Ethical Communication From the Point of View of Management Responsibilities. The Importance of Communication in Organisations.Carlos M. Moreno - 2010 - Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (1):97.
    In the so-called knowledge society, communication plays a key role in organizations. In traditional societies, the exchange of personal communication was conducted _face to face_. The development of new technologies has expanded the possibilities of transmitting more information within organizations and faster. Technology has brought greater opportunities for collective communication, as well as greater information management. The impact of these factors has led to some very significant changes in the business world. In these processes of change, within organizations, the role (...)
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  34. A Point of View on Points of View.John Biro - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):3-12.
    A number of writers have deployed the notion of a point of view as a key to the allegedly theory-resistant subjective aspect of experience. I examine that notion more closely than is usually done and find that it cannot support the anti-objectivist's case. Experience may indeed have an irreducibly subjective aspect, but the notion of a point of view cannot be used to show that it does.
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  35.  30
    Understanding the Subjective Point of View: Methodological Implications of the Schutz-Parsons Debate.Wing-Chung Ho - 2008 - Human Studies 31 (4):383-397.
    The bone of contention that divides Alfred Schutz and Talcott Parsons in their 1940–1941 debate is that Schutz acknowledges an ontological break between the commonsense and scientific worlds whereas Parsons only considers it “a matter of refinement.” Schutz’s ontological distancing that disconnects the “world of consociates” where social reality is directly experienced in face-to-face contacts, and the “world of contemporaries” where the Other is experienced in terms of “types” has been crucial to social scientists. Implicated in the break is that (...)
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  36.  46
    Limitations of the Moral Point of View.Alan Gewirth - 1980 - The Monist 63 (1):69-84.
    Professor Frankena's Carus Lectures exhibit the analytical acumen and probing intelligence we have long come to expect from his writings. The distinctions he draws, the questions he raises, and the answers he suggests all serve powerfully to advance philosophical thought. While I shall have criticisms to make of some of his central doctrines, this must not be allowed to obscure the real indebtedness one feels for the enlightening and stimulating effect of his work as a whole.
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  37. Hume's Theory of Moral Imagination.Mark Collier - 2010 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 27 (3):255-273.
    David Hume endorses three claims that are difficult to reconcile: (1) sympathy with those in distress is sufficient to produce compassion towards their plight, (2) adopting the general point of view often requires us to sympathize with the pain and suffering of distant strangers, but (3) our care and concern is limited to those in our close circle. Hume manages to resolve this tension, however, by distinguishing two types of sympathy. We feel compassion towards those around us (...)
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  38.  28
    Why Are There No Objective Values? A Critique of Ethical Intuitionism From an Epistemological Point of View.Gebhard Geiger - 1995 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 26 (1):35 - 62.
    Using the mathematical frameworks of economic preference ranking, subjective probability, and rational learning through empirical evidence, the epistemological implications of teleological ethical intuitionism are pointed out to the extent to which the latter is based on cognitivist and objectivist concepts of value. The notions of objective value and objective norm are critically analysed with reference to epistemological criteria of intersubjectively shared valuative experience. It is concluded that one cannot meaningfully postulate general material theories of morality that could be tested, (...)
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  39. Conflict of Religion and Science: From a Japanese Point of View.Yujiro Motora - 1905 - The Monist 15 (3):398-408.
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  40.  47
    Spatial Perception From a Cartesian Point of View.Alison Simmons - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1/2):395-423.
  41.  60
    Space and Geometry From the Point of View of Physical Inquiry.Ernst Mach - 1903 - The Monist 14 (1):1-32.
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  42.  44
    The Principle of the Conservation of Energy: From the Point of View of Mach’s Phenomeno-Logical Conception of Nature.Hans Kleinpeter - 1904 - The Monist 14 (3):378-386.
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  43. “From the Client's Point(s) of View”: How Poor People Perceive and Evaluate Political Clientelism. [REVIEW]Javier Auyero - 1999 - Theory and Society 28 (2):297-334.
  44.  59
    From a Rational Point of View.Carol Rovane - 2002 - Philosophical Topics 30 (1):209-235.
  45.  37
    The Problem of Woman, From a Bio-Sociological Point of View.G. Ferrero - 1894 - The Monist 4 (2):261-274.
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  46.  26
    Platonism From an Empiricist Point of View.Lila Luce - 1989 - Philosophical Topics 17 (2):109-128.
  47.  3
    Platonism From an Empiricist Point of View.Lila Luce - 1989 - Philosophical Topics 17 (2):109-128.
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    Woman, The Problem of, From a Bio-Sociological Point of View.G. Ferrero - 1893 - The Monist 4:261.
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    From an Ontological Point of View[REVIEW]Leemon B. Mchenry - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (3):620-621.
    The first thing to note about the present work is that it is divided into twenty short chapters, all of which contain numbered sections averaging two to three pages in length. This organization adds to the concision and clarity of the book and works well with Heil’s attempt to present ideas in an unpretentious manner. The dust jacket tells us that the book is written in an accessible, nontechnical style that is intended for nonspecialists as well as seasoned metaphysicians. But (...)
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    Making and Finding Values in Nature: From a Humean Point of View.Y. S. Lo - 2006 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):123 – 147.
    The paper advances a Humean metaethical analysis of "intrinsic value" - a notion fundamental in moral philosophy in general and particularly so in environmental ethics. The analysis reduces an object's moral properties (e.g., its value) to the empirical relations between the object's natural properties and people's psychological dispositions to respond to them. Moral properties turn out to be both objective and subjective, but in ways compatible with, and complementary to, each other. Next, the paper investigates whether the Humean analysis (...)
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