El artículo se propone determinar el límite entre fenomenología y gnosis en la filosofía del cristianismo de M. Henry. Para ello analiza la cuestión del Archi-hijo en Soy yo la verdad, la de Archi-carne en Encarnación y la de la legitimación de las palabras que Cristo pronuncia sobre sí mismo en Palabras de Cristo. El análisis muestra, en primer lugar, en qué medida el tratamiento de estas tres cuestiones supera el límite estrictamente fenomenológico del pensamiento y remite a una (...)gnosis o experiencia de fe particular. En segundo lugar, explicita cómo, independientemente de esta gnosis, la intuición henryana acerca de la esencia de la vida abre un acceso fenomenológico genuino a la relación religiosa. (shrink)
Research into the so-called “philosophical” Hermetica has long been dominated by the foundational scholarship of André-Jean Festugière, who strongly emphasized their Greek and philosophical elements. Since the late 1970s, this perspective has given way to a new and more complex one, due to the work of another French scholar, Jean-Pierre Mahé, who could profit from the discovery of new textual sources, and called much more attention to the Egyptian and religious dimensions of the hermetic writings. This article addresses the question (...) of how, on these foundations, we should evaluate and understand the frequent hermetic references to profound but wholly ineffable revelatory and salvational insights received during “ecstatic” states. Festugière dismissed them as “literary fictions”, whereas Mahé took them much more seriously as possibly reflecting ritual practices that took place in hermetic communities. Based upon close reading of three central texts (CH I, CH XIII, NH VI6), and challenging existing translations and interpretations, this article argues that the authors of the hermetic corpus assumed a sequential hierarchy of “levels of knowledge”, in which the highest and most profound knowledge (gnōsis) is attained only during ecstatic or “altered” states of consciousness that transcend rationality. While the hermetic teachings have often been described as unsystematic, inconsistent, incoherent or confused, in fact they are grounded in a precise and carefully formulated doctrine of how the hermetic initiate may move from the domain of mere rational discourse to the attainment of several “trans-rational” stages of direct experiential knowledge, and thereby from the limited and temporal domain of material reality to the unlimited and eternal one of Mind. (shrink)
This article presents a gnostic division of truth and the world, or between theory and philosophy. In the course of the article the structure of decision is articulated in both political and theoretical senses. Against the agnosticism of philosophy, always an alibi given over to the functioning of the capitalist world where life is not worth living, this article presents a gnosis that requires creating and beginning with the proletarian subject akin to the way the French Maoist group Gauche (...) prolétarienne began by taking theory into the factories in the late 1960s. (shrink)
My conversion into a knower has been a long and winding road. From childhood reverie to the years of formal schooling, education has never ceased to lure me into its magical power. How do we really get to know/see/learn whatever happens on our educational journey? In this paper, I will re-trace my quest for knowledge that reaches beyond the boundaries of traditional epistemology. My wonderings will take me to explore, via Jung, the possibilities of imaginative education through Gnosis and (...) Sophia. The paper intends to weave together several Jungian discourses with their versions by other thinkers who have contributed to the fields of depth psychology, esotericism, and educational philosophy. (shrink)
Die geschichte der schelling-deutung weist auf eine menge widerspruchlicher urteile hin, wie sonst bei kaum einem anderen, und der vorwurf des geheimnisvollen und theosophischen ist gang und gabe: jahrzehntelang hat die forschung in diese kerbe geschlagen, bis der gelaufige tadel auf einmal aufgehort hat. der letzte bedeutende vertreter der herkommlichen interpretation war karl jaspers, dessen schelling-buch 1955 erschien. schelling ist doch kein gnostiker im sinne des irrationalismus und der hingabe an das orakelhafte und an die magie des denkens. der verfasser (...) bemuht sich, das etwa schwierige verhaltnis zwischen gnosis und philosophie, theosophie und spekulation bei schelling zu klaren. eigentlich war er nie, oder nur kurze zeit, der hitzige, feurige kopf, den fichte wahnte--die jahrerzeiten seines alters sind die jahrerzeiten seines geistes. (shrink)
The first edition of the first volume of Jonas’ legendary Gnosis und spätantiker Geist appeared just over half a century ago. Since then, the publication of the second volume, which was to cover Philo, Origen, Plotinus, and Euagrius Ponticus, has been eagerly awaited. In 1954, the wait came to an end—at least partially. Immediately after the Second World War, which had violently interrupted Jonas’ work and forced him, a Jew, to leave Germany in 1933, he heard that the printing (...) plates of the second volume still existed. And though another ten years went by, the first part of that volume, From Mythology to Mystical Philosophy, eventually appeared covering Philo and Origen. The third edition appeared roughly ten years later in 1963 and was enhanced by a fourth chapter containing new material from the Nag-Hammadi Library, material which, as Jonas emphasized, confirmed the central thesis of the first edition in a surprising manner. But still the Plotinus chapter was missing. And especially this chapter was of interest to scholars of Neoplatonism, since Jonas’ main hypothesis that Plotinian thought also has to be included in the so-called Gnostic Age, seemed to contradict Plotinus’ express dissociation of himself from the Gnostics. Although Jonas was constantly concerned with that chapter, he did not find himself in a position to finish it. We thus have Kurt Rudolph to thank for his endeavor, with Jonas’ assistance, to prepare and arrange the missing chapter on the basis of Jonas’ other publications and also of still unpublished manuscripts, material which now constitutes chapters 6 and 7 in volume II. Jonas died unexpectedly on February 5, 1993, shortly before its publication, so that he could not witness this new, “complete,” and yet still fragmentary edition of his Gnosis and spätantiker Geist. (shrink)
The Advaita Vedāntic path to liberation is often characterized as being constituted by, and as culminating in, gnosis or advaitic awakening. In his fourteenth century work, the Jīvanmuktiviveka, Vidyāraṇya, however, argues for a broader conception of Advaita Vedāntic sādhana, which revolves around the problem of post-gnosis obscurations. In this paper, I examine Vidyāraṇya’s understanding of the causes of post-gnosis hindrances and how they inform his articulation of two stages of renunciation and their corresponding disciplinary schemes and liberative (...) results. I also explore the way in which Vidyāraṇya situates the JMV’s yogic approach in relation to his Śaṃkarite sampradāya. (shrink)
Since a reading of young Nietzsche’s criticism of the desire of knowledge that guides modernity – particularly regarding to the distinctions he operated between: a) two postures facing reality: the theoretical optimism and the tragic pessimism ; and b) two types of man: the theoretical and the artist ones; and c) two kinds of philosophy and philosophers: the one of the desperate knowledge and the other, of the tragic knowledge – we aim to defend, as an access-key to nietzschean’s thought (...) from the period of The Birth of Tragedy , the presence of a larger, gnosiological distinction between two forms of access to real: via knowledge [ Erkenntni ? ] and via understanding [ Verständnis ] – ???????? [ epistéme ] and ?????? [ gnôsis ] –, leading respectively to the targets of science and wisdom. (shrink)
Resumen La filosofía de Michel Henry llevó adelante una propuesta de radicalización de la fenomenología que apela a una puesta en primer plano de la afectividad como expresión de la Vida. Para dar cuenta de la especificidad de este viraje adoptó las categorías opositivas de gnosis griega y gnosis cristiana, la primera asociada con el compromiso de la descripción del mundo en su exterioridad y la segunda vinculada con la experiencia de la carne. Sin embargo, entre las filosofías (...) de la antigüedad griega se halla el caso de la posición de los cirenaicos, que preanuncia numerosos rasgos del tratamiento henryano de la afectividad. Este trabajo estudia esta relación repasando los puntos centrales de la caracterización henryana de gnosis griega para conectarla luego con los presupuestos centrales de la filosofía cirenaica y sus tesis acerca de las afecciones, el tacto interno y el diseño de un lenguaje que refleje la afectividad. Este recorrido permitirá sopesar los alcances de la tesis acerca de la homogeneidad de la gnosis griega y mostrará una deriva importante de antecedentes respecto del pensamiento de la inmanencia.The philosophy of Michel Henry carried out a proposal of radicalization of phenomenology, which appeals to a foregrounding of affectivity as an expression of Life. In order to account for this turn, he proposed the opposing categories of Greek gnosis and Christian gnosis. The first one is associated with the commitment of describing the world in its exteriority and the second one is linked to the experience of the flesh. However, among the philosophies of Greek antiquity, the Cyrenaics raised many issues similar to those of the henryan treatment of affectivity. This work studies this relationship by reviewing the main aspects of the henryan characterization of Greek gnosis and then connects it with the key points of the Cyrenaic philosophy about affection, internal tact and the design of a language that reflects affectivity. This exploration will allow us to evaluate the scope of the thesis about the homogeneity of the Greek gnosis and will show important factors of the ancient thought about immanence. (shrink)
Martin Heidegger's dispute with metaphysics -- The Heidegerrian arbitration of first philosophy -- The rejection of metaphysics as ontotheology -- An illusory extra-metaphysical thinking about Sein -- The replacement of metaphysics by an ontologistic gnosis -- A metaphysical cataloguing of Heidegger's thought about Sein -- The rejection of metaphysics as a regression to gnosticism.
The transition from form to meaning is not neatly layered: there is no point where form ends and content sets in. Rather, there is an almost continuous process that converts form into meaning. That process cannot always take a straight line. Very often we hit barriers in our mind, due to the inability to understand the exact content of the sentence just heard. The standard division between formula and interpretation (or value) should therefore be given up when talking about the (...) process of understanding. Interestingly, when we do this it turns out that there are 'easy' formulae, those we can understand without further help, and 'difficult' ones, which we cannot. (shrink)
The first of these two volumes is a second edition of the first part of Jonas' comprehensive scholarly study of Gnosticism, first published in 1934. Except for minor corrections the first edition has been left unrevised. The second volume carries the study up to the third century A.D. A final volume completing the second part is promised for the near future.--R. H.
ExcerptInterpretations of the 1960s have tended to fall into two general camps. One group consists in those who trace perceived social ills back to that period, like a colleague who, morosely contemplating the failures of academe, said that one couldn't begin to rebuild the humanities and social sciences until the generation forged in that era had retired. Another group consists in those for whom the 1960s represent the birth of a still unfinished social revolution, and for them, the era is (...) comprehensible chiefly through Marxist interpretive lenses. The former is a pessimistic narrative of social decline and fragmentation; the latter…. (shrink)