Results for 'health care'

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  1. Just Health Care.Norman Daniels - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    How should medical services be distributed within society? Who should pay for them? Is it right that large amounts should be spent on sophisticated technology and expensive operations, or would the resources be better employed in, for instance, less costly preventive measures? These and others are the questions addreses in this book. Norman Daniels examines some of the dilemmas thrown up by conflicting demands for medical attention, and goes on to advance a theory of justice in the distribution of (...) care. The central argument is that health care, both preventive and acute, has a crucial effect on equality of opportunity, and that a principle guaranteeing equality of opportunity must underly the distribution of health-care services. Access to care, preventive measures, treatment of the elderly, and the obligations of doctors and medical administrations are fully discussed, and the theory is shown to underwrite various practical policies in the area. (shrink)
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  2.  64
    Health care ethics consultation: An update on core competencies and emerging standards from the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities' Core Competencies Update Task Force.Anita J. Tarzian & Asbh Core Competencies Update Task Force 1 - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (2):3-13.
    Ethics consultation has become an integral part of the fabric of U.S. health care delivery. This article summarizes the second edition of the Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics Consultation report of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. The core knowledge and skills competencies identified in the first edition of Core Competencies have been adopted by various ethics consultation services and education programs, providing evidence of their endorsement as health care ethics consultation (HCEC) (...)
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  3. The Health Care Ethics Consultant.Françoise Baylis - 1994
     
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  4.  12
    Setting Health-Care Priorities: A Reply to Tännsjö.Robert E. Goodin - 2020 - Diametros 18 (68):1-9.
    This paper firstly distinguishes between principles of “global justice” that apply the same anywhere and everywhere – Tännsjö’s utilitarianism, egalitarianism, prioritarianism and such like – and principles of “local justice” that apply within the specific sphere of health-care. Sometimes the latter might just be a special case of the former – but not always. Secondly, it discusses reasons, many psychological in nature, why physicians might devote excessive resources to prolonging life pointlessly, showing once again that those reasons might (...)
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  5. Health Care, Capabilities, and AI Assistive Technologies.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):181-190.
    Scenarios involving the introduction of artificially intelligent (AI) assistive technologies in health care practices raise several ethical issues. In this paper, I discuss four objections to introducing AI assistive technologies in health care practices as replacements of human care. I analyse them as demands for felt care, good care, private care, and real care. I argue that although these objections cannot stand as good reasons for a general and a priori rejection (...)
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  6.  39
    Health Care Professionals and Bedbugs: An Ethical Analysis of a Resurgent Scourge. [REVIEW]Maude Laliberté, Matthew Hunt, Bryn Williams-Jones & Debbie Ehrmann Feldman - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (3):245-255.
    Many health care professionals (HCPs) are understandably reluctant to treat patients in environments infested with bedbugs, in part due to the risk of themselves becoming bedbug vectors to their own homes and workplaces. However, bedbugs are increasingly widespread in care settings, such as nursing homes, as well as in private homes visited by HCPs, leading to increased questions of how health care organizations and their staff ought to respond. This situation is associated with a range (...)
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  7.  25
    Health care and human rights: against the split duty gambit.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (4):343-364.
    There are various grounds on which one may wish to distinguish a right to health care from a right to health. In this article, I review some old grounds before introducing some new grounds. But my central task is to argue that separating a right to health care from a right to health has objectionable consequences. I offer two main objections. The domestic objection is that separating the two rights prevents the state from fulfilling (...)
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  8.  3
    Setting Health-Care Priorities: A Reply to Massimo Reichlin.Torbjörn Tännsjö - forthcoming - Diametros.
    This is a short reply to Professor Reichlin’s comment on my book Setting Health-Care Priorities. What Ethical Theories Tell Us. The version of prioritarianism I rely on in the book is defended as the most plausible one. The general claim that there is convergence between all plausible theories on distributive justice is also defended with regard to assisted reproduction, disability, and enhancement.
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  9. Health Care Ethics.Stephen C. Taylor - 2018 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Health Care Ethics Health care ethics is the field of applied ethics that is concerned with the vast array of moral decision-making situations that arise in the practice of medicine in addition to the procedures and the policies that are designed to guide such practice. Of all of the aspects of the human body, and … Continue reading Health Care Ethics →.
     
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  10.  6
    Health care ethics programs in U.S. Hospitals: results from a National Survey.Christopher C. Duke, Anita Tarzian, Ellen Fox & Marion Danis - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundAs hospitals have grown more complex, the ethical concerns they confront have grown correspondingly complicated. Many hospitals have consequently developed health care ethics programs that include far more than ethics consultation services alone. Yet systematic research on these programs is lacking.MethodsBased on a national, cross-sectional survey of a stratified sample of 600 US hospitals, we report on the prevalence, scope, activities, staffing, workload, financial compensation, and greatest challenges facing HCEPs.ResultsAmong 372 hospitals whose informants responded to an online survey, (...)
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  11.  19
    How Health Care Complexity Leads to Cooperation and Affects the Autonomy of Health Care Professionals.Eric Molleman, Manda Broekhuis, Renee Stoffels & Frans Jaspers - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (4):329-341.
    Health professionals increasingly face patients with complex health problems and this pressurizes them to cooperate. The authors have analyzed how the complexity of health care problems relates to two types of cooperation: consultation and multidisciplinary teamwork (MTW). Moreover, they have analyzed the impact of these two types of cooperation on perceived professional autonomy. Two teams were studied, one team dealing with geriatric patients and another treating oncology patients. The authors conducted semi-structured interviews, studied written documents, held (...)
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  12.  29
    Aboriginal Health Care and Bioethics: A Reflection on the Teaching of the Seven Grandfathers.Jaro Kotalik & Gerry Martin - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):38-43.
    Contemporary bioethics recognizes the importance of the culture in shaping ethical issues, yet in practice, a process for ethical analysis and decision making is rarely adjusted to the culture and ethnicity of involved parties. This is of a particular concern in a health care system that is caring for a growing Aboriginal population. We raise the possibility of constructing a bioethics grounded in traditional Aboriginal knowledge. As an example of an element of traditional knowledge that contains strong ethical (...)
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  13.  13
    Setting Health-Care Priorities. What Ethical Theories Tell Us. A Response to My Critics.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2021 - Diametros 18 (68):60-70.
    The article provides answers to comments in this journal on my recent book, Setting Health-Care Priorities. What Ethical Theories Tell Us. Did I address all of the relevant theories? Yes, I did. Was my argument underdeveloped in any respects? Yes, at least in one as I should perhaps have discussed contractual ethical thinking more carefully. I do so in this response. Moreover, the critical comments raised have helped me to clarify my argument in many ways, for which I (...)
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  14.  21
    Just Health Care.Cheyney Ryan - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (2):287.
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  15.  13
    Health-care needs and shared decision-making in priority-setting.Erik Gustavsson & Lars Sandman - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):13-22.
    In this paper we explore the relation between health-care needs and patients’ desires within shared decision-making in a context of priority setting in health care. We begin by outlining some general characteristics of the concept of health-care need as well as the notions of SDM and desire. Secondly we will discuss how to distinguish between needs and desires for health care. Thirdly we present three cases which all aim to bring out and (...)
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  16. Health care and equality of opportunity.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):21-31.
  17. Health-care needs and distributive justice.Norman Daniels - 1981 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 10 (2):146-179.
  18.  10
    Health Care in France: Recent Developments. [REVIEW]Herbert J. Geschwind - 1999 - Health Care Analysis 7 (4):355-362.
    Health care in France falls almost exclusively under theresponsibility of the Social Security department, which coversalmost all the expenditures related to health care,whether hospitalization or medication is concerned.For severe diseases or surgery the coverage is likelyto reach as much as 100%. The medical expendituresfor several severe diseases, such as cancer, myocardialinfarction, or neurodegenerative diseases are 100% coveredfor a period of time as long as three months. For some procedures, full coverage may be achieved by usinga subscription (...)
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  19.  31
    Health-care professionals’ knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating to patient capacity to consent to treatment.Scott Lamont, Yun-Hee Jeon & Mary Chiarella - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (6):684-707.
    This integrative review aims to provide a synthesis of research findings of health-care professionals’ knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating to patient capacity to consent to or refuse treatment within the general hospital setting. Search strategies included relevant health databases, hand searching of key journals, ‘snowballing’ and expert recommendations. The review identified various knowledge gaps and attitudinal dispositions of health-care professionals, which influence their behaviours and decision-making in relation to capacity to consent processes. The findings suggest (...)
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  20.  36
    Health Care: A Brave New World.Shelley Morrisette, William D. Oberman, Allison D. Watts & Joseph B. Beck - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (1):88-105.
    The current U.S. health care system, with both rising costs and demands, is unsustainable. The combination of a sense of individual entitlement to health care and limited acceptance of individual responsibility with respect to personal health has contributed to a system which overspends and underperforms. This sense of entitlement has its roots in a perceived right to health care. Beginning with the so-called moral right to health care, the issue of who (...)
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  21.  12
    If Health Care Advertising Is a Problem, FDA-Style Regulation Is Not the Solution.Vanessa Carbonell - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):46-47.
    In “The Ethics of Advertising for Health Care Services” (2014), Schenker, Arnold, and London argue that advertisements for physicians, hospitals, and other health care services are morally problematic and ought to be regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as it regulates prescription drug ads. I argue that the regulation of prescription drug ads has been so ineffective that, if the harms of health care service ads are similar to the harms of drug (...)
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  22.  3
    Health-Care Professionals and Lethal Injection: An Ethical Inquiry.Sarah K. Sawicki - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (1):18-31.
    The practice of health-care professional involvement in capital punishment has come under scrutiny since the implementation of lethal injection as a method of execution, raising questions of the goals of medicine and the ethics of medicalized procedures. The American Medical Association and other professional associations have issued statements prohibiting physician involvement in capital punishment because medicine is dedicated to preserving life. I address the three primary arguments against health-care professionals being involved in lethal injection and argue (...)
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  23.  32
    Rural health care ethics: Is there a literature?William Nelson, Gili Lushkov, Andrew Pomerantz & William B. Weeks - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):44 – 50.
    To better understand the available publications addressing ethical issues in rural health care we sought to identify the ethics literature that specifically focuses on rural America. We wanted to determine the extent to which the rural ethics literature was distributed between general commentaries, descriptive summaries of research, and original research publications. We identified 55 publications that specifically and substantively addressed rural health care ethics, published between 1966 and 2004. Only 7 (13%) of these publications were original (...)
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  24.  90
    Health Care Reform: What History Doesn’t Teach.Nancy S. Jecker - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (4):277-305.
    The paper begins by tracing the historical development of American medicine as practice, profession, and industry from the eighteenth century to the present. This historical outline emphasizes shifting conceptions of physicians and physician ethics. It lays the basis for showing, in the second section, how contemporary controversies about the physician’s role in managed care take root in medicine’s past. In the final two sections, I revisit both the historical analysis and its application to contemporary debates. I argue that historical (...)
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  25. Health care resource prioritization and rationing: why is it so difficult?Dan W. Brock - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (1):125-148.
    Rationing is the allocation of a good under conditions of scarcity, which necessarily implies that some who want and could be benefitted by that good will not receive it. One reflection of our ambivalence towards health care rationing is reflected in our resistance to having it distributed in a market like most other goods—most Americans reject ability to pay as the basis for distributing health care. They do not view health care as just another (...)
     
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  26.  38
    Rationing Health Care in America: Perceptions and Principles of Justice. Larry R. Churchill. [REVIEW]Norman Daniels - 1989 - Ethics 99 (2):444-445.
    Churchill argues that every society rations health care-the problem is to do so justly. The central claim of the book is that a more "social" or communitarian starting point is needed. The book concludes with a brief discussion of health care rights and a sketchy account of the role of the physician in rationing.
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  27.  22
    Health Care Sharing Ministries and Their Exemption From the Individual Mandate of the Affordable Care Act.Charlene Galarneau - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):269-282.
    The U.S. 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act exempts members of health care sharing ministries from the individual mandate to have minimum essential insurance coverage. Little is generally known about these religious organizations and even less critical attention has been brought to bear on them and their ACA exemption. Both deserve close scrutiny due to the exemption’s less than clear legislative justification, their potential influence on the ACA’s policy and ethical success, and their salience to current (...)
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  28.  21
    Health Care Ethics in Canada.Françoise Baylis, Jocelyn Downie, Barry Hoffmaster & Susan Sherwin (eds.) - 2004 - Harcourt Brace.
    The third edition of Health Care Ethics in Canada builds on the commitment to Canadian content established in earlier editions without sacrificing breadth or rigor.
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  29.  3
    Rationing Health Care in America: Perceptions and Principles of Justice.Larry R. Churchill - 1987
  30. Conscientious Objection in Health Care: An Ethical Analysis.Mark R. Wicclair - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Historically associated with military service, conscientious objection has become a significant phenomenon in health care. Mark Wicclair offers a comprehensive ethical analysis of conscientious objection in three representative health care professions: medicine, nursing and pharmacy. He critically examines two extreme positions: the 'incompatibility thesis', that it is contrary to the professional obligations of practitioners to refuse provision of any service within the scope of their professional competence; and 'conscience absolutism', that they should be exempted from performing (...)
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  31.  36
    Teaching health care ethics: why we should teach nursing and medical students together.Stephen Hanson - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (2):167-176.
    This article argues that teaching medical and nursing students health care ethics in an interdisciplinary setting is beneficial for them. Doing so produces an education that is theoretically more consistent with the goals of health care ethics, can help to reduce moral stress and burnout, and can improve patient care. Based on a literature review, theoretical arguments and individual observation, this article will show that the benefits of interdisciplinary education, specifically in ethics, outweigh the difficulties (...)
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  32.  27
    Health Care Resource Allocation: Complicating Ethical Factors at the Macro-allocation Level. [REVIEW]Eike-Henner W. Kluge & Kimberley Tomasson - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (2):209-220.
    It is generally assumed that allocation problems in a socialized health care system result from limited resources and too much demand. Attempts at solutions have therefore centered in increasing efficiency, using evidence-based decision-making and on developing ways of balancing competing demands within the existing resource limitation. This article suggests that some of the difficulties in macro-allocation decision-making may result from the use of conflicting ethical perspectives by decision-makers. It presents evidence from a preliminary Canadian study to this effect.
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  33.  53
    Health care ethics consultation: 'Training in virtue'. [REVIEW]Françoise Baylis - 1999 - Human Studies 22 (1):25-41.
    In philosophy, intelligence is less important than character, or so Wittgenstein once argued. In this paper, in a similar vein, I suggest that in health care ethics consultation character is of preeminent importance. I suggest that the activity of ethics consultation can be understood as "training in virtue," and what distinguishes the good health care ethics consultant from his/her average colleague are differences in traits of character. The underlying assumption is that one's use of knowledge and (...)
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  34.  14
    Primary health care organizations – through a conceptual and a political lens.Joachim P. Sturmberg - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (3):525-529.
  35.  58
    Can Health Care Rationing Ever Be Rational?David A. Gruenewald - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):17-25.
    Americans' appetite for life-prolonging therapies has led to unsustainable growth in health care costs. It is tempting to target older people for health care rationing based on their disproportionate use of health care resources and lifespan already lived, but aged-based rationing is unacceptable to many. Systems reforms can improve the efficiency of health care and may lessen pressure to ration services, but difficult choices still must be made to limit expensive, marginally beneficial (...)
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  36.  13
    Infectious health care workers: should patients be told?A. J. Pinching - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (1):34-36.
    This thoughtful reflection on a valuable questionnaire survey of patients' attitudes regarding being told that their dentist had been infected with hepatitis B is of very direct relevance to HIV, as the authors show.1 The measured tone and analytical approach are a welcome change from the stridency that has characterised some of the debate elsewhere. I am very conscious that more time and effort has gone into drafting and redrafting, amending, revising and refining policy in this area than in any (...)
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  37.  74
    Health Care Ethics: Principles and Problems.Thomas M. Garrett (ed.) - 2009 - Prentice-Hall.
    This clear, accessible text/reference explores the full range of contemporary issues in health care ethics from a practical wisdom approach. The authors present the fundamental concerns of modern medical ethics–-autonomy, beneficence, justice, and confidentiality-–and then provide analysis, cases, and insights from professional literature to discuss them. Throughout, the discussion starts with larger issues or concepts and principles and then focuses on specific problems or complications.
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  38.  43
    Health (care) and human rights: a fundamental conditions approach.S. Liao - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (4):259-274.
    Many international declarations state that human beings have a human right to health care. However, is there a human right to health care? What grounds this right, and who has the corresponding duties to promote this right? Elsewhere, I have argued that human beings have human rights to the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. Drawing on this fundamental conditions approach of human rights, I offer a novel way of grounding a human right to (...) care. (shrink)
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  39.  22
    Catholic Health Care: Rationale for Ministry.Dennis Brodeur - 1999 - Christian Bioethics 5 (1):5-25.
    This essay attempts to describe contemporary Catholic sponsored health care in the United States and to describe the purpose and structure of these particular Christian charitable organizations within the broader society. As health care has become more complex, critics claim that there is not a need for Catholic sponsored health care any longer. The author attempts to evaluate critically whether Catholic health care has a place in contemporary society. He reviews some salient (...)
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  40.  12
    Conscience in Reproductive Health Care: Prioritizing Patient Interests.Carolyn McLeod - 2020 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Conscience in Reproductive Health Care responds to the growing worldwide trend of health care professionals conscientiously refusing to provide abortions and similar reproductive health services in countries where these services are legal and professionally accepted. Carolyn McLeod argues that conscientious objectors in health care should prioritize the interests of patients in receiving care over their own interest in acting on their conscience. She defends this "prioritizing approach" to conscientious objection over the more (...)
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  41.  21
    Catholic Health Care Institutions and the Modern Health Delivery System.Joseph Boyle - 1999 - Christian Bioethics 5 (1):3-4.
    Joseph Boyle; Catholic Health Care Institutions and the Modern Health Delivery System, Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality, Volume 5.
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  42. Health care resource prioritization and discrimination against persons with disabilities.Dan W. Brock - unknown
    In 1990 the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became federal law with the express purpose to “establish a clear and comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities."l The act includes separate titles prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, public services, transportation and public accommodations. Since it prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in both public and private services and programs, in health care “it applies to programs provided by (...)
     
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  43.  38
    Should Health Care Providers Uphold the DNR of a Terminally Ill Patient Who Attempts Suicide?Lisa Campo-Engelstein, Jane Jankowski & Marcy Mullen - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (2):169-174.
    An individual’s right to refuse life-sustaining treatment is a fundamental expression of patient autonomy; however, supporting this right poses ethical dilemmas for healthcare providers when the patient has attempted suicide. Emergency physicians encounter patients who have attempted suicide and are likely among the first medical providers to face the dilemma of honoring the patient’s DNR or intervening to reverse the effects of potentially fatal actions. We illustrate this issue by introducing a case example in which the DNR of a terminally (...)
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  44.  16
    Is health care a need?Eric Matthews - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (2):155-161.
    This paper aims to provide an argument for saying that a publicly funded health care system, available to all free at the point of delivery, is morally superior to a market system, and to provide a framework for deciding questions about which forms of health care should be included in such a public system. The argument presents health care as a ‘head’, in the sense of something to which human beings are morally entitled as (...)
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  45.  72
    Global health care injustice: an analysis of the demands of the basic right to health care.Peter George Negus West-Oram - 2014 - Dissertation, The University of Birmingham
    Henry Shue’s model of basic rights and their correlative duties provides an excellent framework for analysing the requirements of global distributive justice, and for theorising about the minimum acceptable standards of human entitlement and wellbeing. Shue bases his model on the claim that certain ‘basic’ rights are of universal instrumental value, and are necessary for the enjoyment of any other rights, and of any ‘decent life’. Shue’s model provides a comprehensive argument about the importance of certain fundamental goods for all (...)
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  46.  23
    Liberalism, Health Care, and Disorder: A MacIntyrean Approach.Robert Loyd Kinney - 2014 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 14 (2):259-272.
    In the debates surrounding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, little attention has been paid to definitions of important terms like "health care," "disease," and "disorder." When health care is discussed, one assumes universal definitions of terms and a common understanding of their meanings. But delving deeper into the subject, one finds that a common understanding is lacking. Specifically, the liberal tradition, from which the health care act was derived, defines important (...) care terms in ways that most people would not. This paper applies Alasdair MacIntyre's discussion of tradition-based rational enquiry to show that proper definitions of "health care," "disease," and "disorder" should be based on the normal functioning of the organs and organ systems of the human body. (shrink)
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  47.  18
    Global Health Care Justice, Delivery Doctors and Assisted Reproduction: Taking a Note From Catholic Social Teachings.Cristina Richie - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):179-190.
    This article will examine the Catholic concept of global justice within a health care framework as it relates to women's needs for delivery doctors in the developing world and women's demands for assisted reproduction in the developed world. I will first discuss justice as a theory, situating it within Catholic social teachings. The Catholic perspective on global justice in health care demands that everyone have access to basic needs before elective treatments are offered to the wealthy. (...)
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  48.  64
    Necessary Health Care and Basic Needs: Health Insurance Plans and Essential Benefits. [REVIEW]Andrew Ward & Pamela Jo Johnson - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (4):355-371.
    According to HealthCare.gov, by improving access to quality health for all Americans, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will reduce disparities in health insurance coverage. One way this will happen under the provisions of the ACA is by creating a new health insurance marketplace (a health insurance exchange) by 2014 in which “all people will have a choice for quality, affordable health insurance even if a job loss, job switch, move or illness occurs”. This does (...)
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  49.  1
    Holding Health Care Accountable: Law and the New Medical Marketplace.E. Haavi Morreim - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    Tort and contract law have not kept pace with the stunning changes in medicine's economics. Physicians are still expected to deliver the same standard of care to everyone, regardless whether it is paid for. Health plans increasingly face liability for unfortunate outcomes, even those stemming from society's mandate to keep costs down while improving population health. This book sorts through the chaos. After reviewing the inadequacies of current tort and contract law, Morreim proposes that an intelligent assignment (...)
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  50.  5
    Just Health Care.Anne Donchin - 1989 - Noûs 23 (5):697-699.
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