Results for 'historical influence'

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  1.  54
    Zhu Xi’s Choice, Historical Criticism and Influence—An Analysis of Zhu Xi’s Relationship with Confucianism and Buddhism.Weixiang Ding - 2011 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (4):521-548.
    As a great synthesist for the School of Principles of the Northern and Southern Song dynasties, Zhu Xi’s influence over the School of Principles was demonstrated not only through his positive theoretical creation, but also through his choice and critical awareness. Zhu’s relationship with Confucianism and Buddhism is a typical case; and his activities, ranging from his research of Buddhism (the Chan School) in his early days to his farewell to the Chan School as a student of Li Dong (...)
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  2.  2
    Ding, Weixiang 丁為祥, Intellectual Personality and Genealogy of Thought—A Study of ZhuZi’s Philosophical Perspective and Its Historical Influence 學術性格與思想譜系——朱子的哲學視野及其歷史影響的發生考察.Yves Vendé - 2017 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 16 (2):287-290.
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  3.  2
    Xueshu Xingge Yu Sixiang Puxi: Zhuzi de Zhexue Shiye Jiqi Lishi Yingxiang de Fashengxue Kaocha 《學術性格與思想譜系:朱子的哲學視野及其歷史影響的發生學考察》 (A Study of the Academic Character and Intellectual Genealogy of Zhu Xi's Philosophy and Its Historical Influence). By Ding Weixiang 丁為祥. (Beijing: Renmin Press, 2012. 743 Pp. Paperback, ISBN 978‐7‐01‐010401‐0.). [REVIEW]Ding Sixin - 2013 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 40 (3-4):604-608.
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  4.  21
    The Influence of Historical Socialism and Communism on the Shaping of a Society's Economic Ethos: An Exploratory Study of Central and Eastern Europe. [REVIEW]Walton Padelford & Darin W. White - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):109 - 117.
    This study utilizes an exploratory research design to investigate the influence of historical socialism and communism on the shaping of a society's economic ethos. The discussion of ethics and economics has a very long history across multiple disciplines including the founder of modern economics, Adam Smith. However, with the growth of economic science, academic consideration has shifted toward positive analysis while normative analysis has been left mainly to philosophers. By utilizing the newly developed Morality of Profit-Making (MPM) scale, (...)
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  5. A Commentary on the Historical Unfolding of the Dzogchen Tradition Within the Influence of the Heart Essence.Rudolph Bauer - 2013 - Transmission 6.
    This paper focuses on the history of dzogchen within the heart essence tradition.
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  6.  3
    A Historical Description of the Tensions in the Development of Modern Nursing in Nineteenth-Century Britain and Their Influence on Contemporary Debates About Evidence and Practice.Michael Traynor - 2007 - Nursing Inquiry 14 (4):299-305.
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  7.  69
    Religious Daoist Studies of The Book of Changes (Yi Jing) and Their Historical and Contemporary Influence.Zhang Weiwen - 2008 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 39 (3):74-97.
  8.  31
    Representing a Past: A Historical Analysis of How Gender Biases Influence the Interpretation of Archaeological Remains.Saliha Chattoo - 2009 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 1 (1).
    The cultural and temporal context that any archaeologist is a part of will necessarily bias the way in which he or she interprets material remains. While interpretation is a crucial part of the archaeological process, the preconceived notions an archaeologist may hold can colour their interpretation of the society in question. Through examples such as the excavations at Knossos in Crete, the effect such biases can have on archaeological interpretation and discourse is studied.
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  9.  7
    Astronomy and Optics From Pliny to Descartes: Texts, Diagrams, and Conceptual Structures. Bruce S. EastwoodThe Arabs and the Stars: Texts and Traditions on the Fixed Stars, and Their Influence on Medieval Europe. Paul KunitzschStars, Minds, and Fate: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Cosmology. J. D. NorthThe Universal Frame: Historical Essays in Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, and Scientific Method. J. D. NorthAstronomy From Kepler to Newton: Historical Studies. Curtis Wilson. [REVIEW]Owen Gingerich - 1992 - Isis 83 (2):302-303.
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  10.  8
    On the Meaning of the Term "Influence" in Historical Studies.W. T. Jones - 1942 - Ethics 53 (3):192-201.
  11.  3
    The Influence of Historical Socialism and Communism on the Shaping of a Society’s Economic Ethos: An Exploratory Study of Central and Eastern Europe.Walton Padelford & Darin W. White - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):109-117.
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  12.  3
    A Historical Analysis of Electric Currents in Textbooks: A Century of Influence on Physics Education.Susan M. Stocklmayer & David F. Treagust - 1994 - Science & Education 3 (2):131-154.
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  13.  1
    Historical Facts for the Arabian Musical Influence by Henry George Farmer. [REVIEW]D. Macdonald - 1931 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 15:370-372.
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  14. Astronomy and Optics From Pliny to Descartes: Texts, Diagrams, and Conceptual Structures by Bruce S. Eastwood; The Arabs and the Stars: Texts and Traditions on the Fixed Stars, and Their Influence on Medieval Europe by Paul Kunitzsch; Stars, Minds, and Fate: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Cosmology by J. D. North; The Universal Frame: Historical Essays in Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, and Scientific Method by J. D. North; Astronomy From Kepler to Newton: Historical Studies by Curtis Wilson. [REVIEW]Owen Gingerich - 1992 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 83:302-303.
     
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  15. The Influence of Charles Darwin Upon Historical and Political Thought.Arthur Twining Hadley - 1909 - Psychological Review 16 (3):143-151.
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  16. Cambridge Historical Essays, No. 5. The Influence and Development of English Gilds. James Mavor.Francis Aidan Hibbert - 1892 - Ethics 3:273.
     
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  17. Historical Facts for the Arabian Musical Influence. Henry George Farmer.D. B. Macdonald - 1931 - Isis 15 (2):370-372.
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  18. The Historical Dialectic of Spirit: Jacob Boehme's Influence on Hegel.David Walsh - 1984 - In Robert L. Perkins (ed.), History and System: Hegel's Philosophy of History. State University of New York Press. pp. 15--35.
     
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  19. A 30-Year Historical Examination of Ethical Concerns Regarding Business Ethics: Who's Concerned? [REVIEW]Will Drover, Jennifer Franczak & Richard F. Beltramini - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (4):431-438.
    Understanding the ethical attitudes and concerns of future business leaders has been the focus of increasing research attention. Largely, this is due to the influence of such perspectives, as it is these presently held ideologies that ultimately translate into the actions and behaviors of the forthcoming workforce. This research examines how such business-related ethicality perspectives have evolved by administering a nationwide survey that builds on two Journal of Business Ethics studies, Beltramini et al. (J Bus Ethics 3:195–200, 1984 ) (...)
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  20.  34
    Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Experimental Practice in Medicine and the Life Sciences.Frank W. Stahnisch - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (5):397-425.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss a key question in the history and philosophy of medicine, namely how scholars should treat the practices and experimental hypotheses of modern life science laboratories. The paper seeks to introduce some prominent historiographical methods and theoretical approaches associated with biomedical research. Although medical scientists need no convincing that experimentation has a significant function in their laboratory work, historians, philosophers, and sociologists long neglected its importance when examining changes in medical theories or progress (...)
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  21.  5
    In Pursuit of an Expert Identity: A Case Study of Experts in the Historical Courtroom. [REVIEW]Krisda Chaemsaithong - 2011 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 24 (4):471-490.
    There are certain areas of study where present-day semiotics of law can learn from history. This study examines the discursive history and historical courtroom discourse of expert witnesses in eighteenth-century American court. The aim of the study is to explore the use of linguistic strategies and resources in constructing an expert identity in relation to the factors which influence those choices. Instead of taking expertise as being lodged in the pre-given label, such as a doctor, this article argues (...)
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  22.  5
    The Influence From the Past: Organizational Imprinting and Firms' Compliance with Social Insurance Policies in China.Yi Han, Enying Zheng & Minya Xu - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (1):1-13.
    Using a nationwide survey of randomly selected manufacturing firms in representative Chinese cities, we examine how firms’ compliance with social insurance policies is shaped by their historical imprinting, by their founding ownership structures, as well as by massive institutional changes. Our empirical results suggest that firms founded in the state socialist era and firms founded as Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) were infused with socialist institutional logics of labor relations, and they tended to comply with social insurance policies even in (...)
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  23. Hacking’s Historical Epistemology: A Critique of Styles of Reasoning.Martin Kusch - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):158-173.
    The paper begins with a detailed reconstruction of the development of Ian Hacking’s theory of scientific ‘styles of reasoning’, paying particular attention to Alistair Crombie’s influence, and suggesting that Hacking’s theory deserves to come under the title ‘historical epistemology’. Subsequently, the paper seeks to establish three critical theses. First, Hacking’s reliance on Crombie leads him to adopt an outdated historiographical position; second, Hacking is unsuccessful in his attempt to distance historical epistemology from epistemic relativism; and third, Hacking (...)
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  24.  51
    The Historical Turn in the Study of Adaptation.Paul E. Griffiths - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):511-532.
    A number of philosophers and ‘evolutionary psychologists’ have argued that attacks on adaptationism in contemporary biology are misguided. These thinkers identify anti-adaptationism with advocacy of non-adaptive modes of explanation. They overlook the influence of anti-adaptationism in the development of more rigorous forms of adaptive explanation. Many biologists who reject adaptationism do not reject Darwinism. Instead, they have pioneered the contemporary historical turn in the study of adaptation. One real issue which remains unresolved amongst these methodological advances is the (...)
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  25. The Organic Food Philosophy: A Qualitative Exploration of the Practices, Values, and Beliefs of Dutch Organic Consumers Within a Cultural–Historical Frame. [REVIEW]Hanna Schösler, Joop de Boer & Jan J. Boersema - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):439-460.
    Food consumption has been identified as a realm of key importance for progressing the world towards more sustainable consumption overall. Consumers have the option to choose organic food as a visible product of more ecologically integrated farming methods and, in general, more carefully produced food. This study aims to investigate the choice for organic from a cultural–historical perspective and aims to reveal the food philosophy of current organic consumers in The Netherlands. A concise history of the organic food movement (...)
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  26.  20
    Drug Advertising, Continuing Medical Education, and Physician Prescribing: A Historical Review and Reform Proposal.Marc A. Rodwin - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):807-815.
    Through the 1960s, many people claimed that drug advertising was educational and physicians often relied on it. Continuing Medical Education (CME) was developed to provide an alternative. However, because CME relied on grants, industry funders chose the subjects offered. Now policymakers worry that drug firms support CME to promote sales and that commercial support biases prescribing and fosters inappropriate drug use. A historical review reveals parallel problems between advertising and industry-funded CME. To preclude industry influence and improve CME, (...)
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  27.  53
    On the Historical Origins of the Contemporary Notion of Incommensurability: Paul Feyerabend's Assault on Conceptual Conservatism.Eric Oberheim - 2005 - Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 36 (2):363-90.
    This paper investigates the historical origins of the notion of incommensurability in contemporary philosophy of science. The aim is not to establish claims of priority, but to enhance our understanding of the notion by illuminating the various issues that contributed to its development. Kuhn developed his notion of incommensurability primarily under the influence of Fleck, Polanyi, and Köhler. Feyerabend, who had developed his notion more than a decade earlier, drew directly from Duhem, who had developed a notion of (...)
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  28.  12
    Information, Influence, and the Causal-Explanatory Role of Content in Understanding Receiver Responses.David Kalkman - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):1127-1150.
    Sceptics of informational terminology argue that by attributing content to signals, we fail to address nonhuman animal communication on its own terms. Primarily, we ignore that communication is sender driven: i.e. driven by the intrinsic physical properties of signals, themselves the result of selection pressures acting on signals to influence receivers in ways beneficial for senders. In contrast, information proponents argue that this ignores the degree to which communication is, in fact, receiver driven. The latter argue that an exclusive (...)
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  29.  16
    Authorship and Publication Practices in the Social Sciences: Historical Reflections on Current Practices.Muriel Bebeau & Verna Monson - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):365-388.
    An historical review of authorship definitions and publication practices that are embedded in directions to authors and in the codes of ethics in the fields of psychology, sociology, and education illuminates reasonable agreement and consistency across the fields with regard to (a) originality of the work submitted, (b) data sharing, (c) human participants’ protection, and (d) conflict of interest disclosure. However, the role of the professional association in addressing violations of research or publication practices varies among these fields. Psychology (...)
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  30.  22
    Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories.James T. Cushing - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a selection of philosophical issues in the context of specific episodes in the development of physical theories. Advances in science are presented against the historical and philosophical backgrounds in which they occurred. A major aim is to impress upon the reader the essential role that philosophical considerations have played in the actual practice of science. The book begins with some necessary introduction to the history of ancient and early modern science, with major emphasis being given to (...)
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  31.  18
    John Rawls in Historical Context.Mark Bevir & Andrius Galisanka - 2012 - History of Political Thought 33 (4):701-725.
    The secondary literature on Rawls is vast, but little of it is historical. Relying on the archival materials he left to Harvard after his death, we look at the historical contexts that informed Rawls's understanding of political philosophy and the changes in his thinking up to A Theory of Justice. We argue that Rawls's classic work reveals positivist aspirations that were altered and frayed by various encounters with postanalytic naturalism. So, we begin in the 1940s, showing the (...) of other positivist projects, such as those of Popper and Ducasse. Thereafter, we explore how Rawls's encounter with Wittgenstein and Quine in the 1950s and 1960s led him to introduce the post-analytic features evident in A Theory of Justice. Our historical narrative challenges commonplace folk-understandings that portray Rawls as either wholly committed to positivism or as its principal slayer. (shrink)
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  32.  27
    Historical Perspectives: Development of the Codes of Ethics in the Legal, Medical and Accounting Professions. [REVIEW]Jeanne F. Backof & Charles L. Martin - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (2):99 - 110.
    Members of the legal, medical and accounting professions are guided in their professional behavior by their respective codes of ethics. These codes of ethics are not static. They are ever evolving, responding to forces that are exogenous and endogenous to the professions. Specifically, changes in the ethical codes are often due to economic and social events, governmental influence, and growth and change within the professions. This paper presents an historical analysis of the major events leading to changes in (...)
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  33.  39
    Philipp Frank at Harvard University: His Work and His Influence.Gerald Holton - 2006 - Synthese 153 (2):297-311.
    The physicist–philosopher Philipp Frank’s work and influence, especially during his last three decades, when he found a refuge and a position in America, deserve more discussion than has been the case so far. In what follows, I hope I may call him Philipp – having been first a graduate student in one of his courses at Harvard University, then his teaching assistant sharing his offices, then for many years his colleague and friend in the same Physics Department, and finally, (...)
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  34. Cognition and Natural Disasters: Stimulating an Environmental Historical Debate.Niki Pfeifer - forthcoming - In E. Vaz, A. Melo & C. J. de Melo (eds.), Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Environmental History. Environmental History in the Making. Springer.
    Modern cognitive and clinical psychology offer insight into how people deal with natural disasters. In my methodological paper, I make a strong case for incorporating experimental findings and theoretical concepts of modern psychology into environmental historical disaster research. I show how psychological factors may influence the production and interpretation of historical sources with respect to perceptions of and responses to disasters. While previous psychological approaches to history mostly involve psychoanalysis, I focus on empirical psychology. Specifically, I review (...)
     
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  35.  91
    Historicity as Methodology or Hermeneutics: Collingwood's Influence on Skinner and Gadamer.Kenneth McIntyre - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (2):138-166.
    In this paper, I offer both a brief study of Collingwood's conception of historical explanation and epistemological historicity, and an examination of the influence of Collingwood's work on the historical methodology of Quentin Skinner and on Gadamer's hermeneutic philosophy. Collingwood's work on the philosophy of history manifests a tension between the realist implications of the doctrine of reenactment and the logic of question and answer on the one hand, and, on the other, the constructionist tendency of the (...)
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  36.  11
    Protestantism and Progress in the Year XII: Charles Villers's Essay on the Spirit and Influence of Luther's Reformation (1804).Michael Printy - 2012 - Modern Intellectual History 9 (2):303-329.
    This article examines Charles Villers's Essay on the Spirit and Influence of Luther's Reformation (1804) in its intellectual and historical context. Exiled from France after 1792, Villers intervened in important French and German debates about the relationship of religion, history, and philosophy. The article shows how he took up a German Protestant discussion on the meaning of the Reformation that had been underway from the 1770s through the end of the century, including efforts by Kantians to seize the (...)
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  37.  35
    A Passion for Justice’: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s and G. W. F. Hegel on ‘World-Historical Individuals.Jim Vernon - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (2):187-207.
    In this article, I explicate Martin Luther King, Jr.’s account of emancipatory history and activism by examining the influence of G. W. F. Hegel’s account of world-historical individuals on his thought. Both thinkers, I argue, affirm that history’s spiritual destiny works through individuals who are driven by the contingencies of their subjective character and given situation to undertake particular actions, and yet who nevertheless freely and decisively break the new from the old by forsaking subjective satisfaction to spur (...)
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  38.  18
    Darwin and Inheritance: The Influence of Prosper Lucas.Ricardo Noguera-Solano & Rosaura Ruiz-Gutiérrez - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (4):685-714.
    An important historical relation that has hardly been addressed is the influence of Prosper Lucas's Treatise on Natural Inheritance on the development of Charles Darwin's concepts related to inheritance. In this article we trace this historical connection. Darwin read Lucas's Treatise in 1856. His reading coincided with many changes concerning his prior ideas on the transmission and expression of characters. We consider that this reading led him to propose a group of principles regarding prepotency, hereditary diseases, morbid (...)
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  39.  3
    On the Historical Origins of the Contemporary Notion of Incommensurability: Paul Feyerabend’s Assault on Conceptual Conservativism.Eric Oberheim - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (2):363-390.
    This paper investigates the historical origins of the notion of incommensurability in contemporary philosophy of science. The aim is not to establish claims of priority, but to enhance our understanding of the notion by illuminating the various issues that contributed to its development. Kuhn developed his notion of incommensurability primarily under the influence of Fleck, Polanyi, and Köhler. Feyerabend, who had developed his notion more than a decade earlier, drew directly from Duhem, who had developed a notion of (...)
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  40.  11
    Child's Play: Reflection on Agamben's Conception of Contemporary Historical Exigency and its Winnicottian Dimension.Jeffrey A. Bernstein - 2011 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (1):49-64.
    This article explores the influence of Winnicott’s conceptual constellation of early childhood, play, use, transitional phenomena, and transitional object upon Agamben’s thinking of contemporary historical exigency.
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  41.  5
    Autopsy of a Historical Fact.Salvatore Italia - 2018 - Social Epistemology 32 (3):209-217.
    This article considers historical facts and investigates the particular relationship between a factual and a valuative dimension within them. The operation is an autopsy of a particular historical fact, which works as an example. On this basis, the article will elucidate the similarities and the differences between historical facts and natural facts, with an emphasis on the observation that the former are more subject to the influence of interpretation than the latter. This feature of historical (...)
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  42.  37
    Influence and Development: Two Basic Paradigms of Education. [REVIEW]Jürgen Oelkers - 1994 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 13 (2):91-109.
    The article discusses two basic paradigms of western educational theory, namely the concept of “influence” and the concept of “development”. Two historical contextes are analyzed, John Locke's theory of human learning and Jean-Jacques Rousseau's theory of natural development. Both theories are rejected in favour of a position beyond “influence” and “development”. This position of a theory of education ( Erziehung ) is marked with the term “moral communication”.
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  43.  36
    A Woman's Influence? John Locke and Damaris Masham on Moral Accountability.Jacqueline Broad - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (3):489-510.
    Some scholars suggest that John Locke’s revisions to the chapter “Of Power” for the 1694 second edition of his Essay concerning Human Understanding may be indebted to the Cambridge Platonist, Ralph Cudworth. Their claims rest on evidence that Locke may have had access to Cudworth’s unpublished manuscript treatises on free will. In this paper, I examine an alternative suggestion – the claim that Cudworth’s daughter, Damaris Cudworth Masham, and not Cudworth himself, may have exerted an influence on Locke’s revisions. (...)
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  44.  9
    Guizot's Historical Works and J.S. Mill's Reception of Tocqueville.G. Varouxakis - 1999 - History of Political Thought 20 (2):292-312.
    In this article the relevance to the development of John Stuart Mill's political thought of his reading of Fran?ois Guizot's early historical works is examined jointly with some aspects of Tocqueville's imputed influence on the British thinker. Some ideas that are claimed here to have been Mill's intellectual debts to Guizot, have been habitually associated with Tocqueville's influence on Mill. In the first place it is argued that one of Mill’s most cherished ideas, what he called ‘the (...)
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  45.  41
    Historical Memory in Post-Soviet Gothic Society.Dina Khapaeva - 2009 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (1):359-394.
    The collective historical amnesia that reigns in contemporary Russia demands an explanation. In the first part of my article I will analyze the mechanisms that suppress historical memory. I will focus my attention on two historical representations of critical relevance for this matter. First, I will discuss the Western-oriented ideology of the post-Soviet intelligentsia. Second, I will analyze the functioning of the myth of the "Great Patriotic War." In the second part of my paper I will address (...)
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  46.  29
    A Study of the Semiotic and Narrative Forms of Divine Influence Within Secular Legal Systems.Julia J. A. Shaw - 2013 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 26 (1):95-112.
    Since the Reformation and Enlightenment, the Western world has witnessed the incremental decline of religious influence. Yet, key legal protections and duties incumbent on civilians and state actors in both avowedly secular states and ruling theocracies, predominantly Islamic, are to a lesser or greater extent determined by religious values. Although it is often claimed that the modern secular state encourages the adoption of liberal values and allows for the formulation of general law according to the free will of its (...)
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  47.  46
    Nietzsche's Interpretation of Heraclitus in Its Historical Context.Anthony K. Jensen - 2010 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (2):335-362.
    This paper aims to reexamine Nietzsche’s early interpretation of Heraclitus in an attempt to resolve some longstanding scholarly misconceptions. Rather than articulate similarities or delineate the lines of influence, this study engages Nietzsche’s interpretation itself in its historical setting, for the first time acknowledging the contextual framework in which he was working. This framework necessarily combines Nietzsche’s reading in philology, post-Kantian scientific naturalism, and of the romantic worldviews of Schopenhauer and Wagner. What emerges is not the acceptance of (...)
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  48.  9
    Adaptive Anchoring Model: How Static and Dynamic Presentations of Time Series Influence Judgments and Predictions.Petko Kusev, Paul Schaik, Krasimira Tsaneva‐Atanasova, Asgeir Juliusson & Nick Chater - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):77-102.
    When attempting to predict future events, people commonly rely on historical data. One psychological characteristic of judgmental forecasting of time series, established by research, is that when people make forecasts from series, they tend to underestimate future values for upward trends and overestimate them for downward ones, so-called trend-damping. Events in a time series can be experienced sequentially, or they can also be retrospectively viewed simultaneously, not experienced individually in real time. In one experiment, we studied the influence (...)
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  49.  23
    Modern Japanese Philosophy: Historical Contexts and Cultural Implications.Yoko Arisaka - 2014 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 74:3-25.
    The paper provides an overview of the rise of Japanese philosophy during the period of rapid modernization in Japan after the Meiji Restoration (beginning in the 1860s). It also examines the controversy surrounding Japanese philosophy towards the end of the Pacific War (1945), and its renewal in the contemporary context. The post-Meiji thinkers engaged themselves with the questions of universality and particularity; the former represented science, medicine, technology, and philosophy (understood as ) and the latter, the Japanese non-Western tradition. Within (...)
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  50.  4
    Adaptive Anchoring Model: How Static and Dynamic Presentations of Time Series Influence Judgments and Predictions.Petko Kusev, Paul Schaik, Krasimira Tsaneva‐Atanasova, Asgeir Juliusson & Nick Chater - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):77-102.
    When attempting to predict future events, people commonly rely on historical data. One psychological characteristic of judgmental forecasting of time series, established by research, is that when people make forecasts from series, they tend to underestimate future values for upward trends and overestimate them for downward ones, so-called trend-damping. Events in a time series can be experienced sequentially, or they can also be retrospectively viewed simultaneously, not experienced individually in real time. In one experiment, we studied the influence (...)
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