Results for 'inferential role'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  39
    A Measure of Inferential-Role Preservation.A. C. Paseau - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    The point of formalisation is to model various aspects of natural language. Perhaps the main use to which formalisation is put is to model and explain inferential relations between different sentences. Judged solely by this objective, a formalisation is successful in modelling the inferential network of natural language sentences to the extent that it mirrors this network. There is surprisingly little literature on the criteria of good formalisation, and even less on the question of what it is for (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Meaning as an Inferential Role.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (1):1-35.
    While according to the inferentialists, meaning is always a kind of inferential role, proponents of other approaches to semantics often doubt that actual meanings, as they see them, can be generally reduced to inferential roles. In this paper we propose a formal framework for considering the hypothesis of the.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  3.  38
    A Non-Compositional Inferential Role Theory.Martin Montminy - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (2):211-233.
    I propose a version of inferential role theory which says that having a concept is having the disposition to draw most of the inferences based on the stereotypical features associated with this concept. I defend this view against Fodor and Lepore.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Derogatory Terms: Racism, Sexism and the Inferential Role Theory of Meaning.Lynne Tirrell - 1999 - In Kelly Oliver & Christina Hendricks (eds.), Language and Liberation: Feminism, Philosophy and Language,. SUNY Press.
    Derogatory terms (racist, sexist, ethnic, and homophobic epithets) are bully words with ontological force: they serve to establish and maintain a corrupt social system fuelled by distinctions designed to justify relations of dominance and subordination. No wonder they have occasioned public outcry and legal response. The inferential role analysis developed here helps move us away from thinking of the harms as being located in connotation (representing mere speaker bias) or denotation (holding that the terms fail to refer due (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  5. Supervenience: Its Logic and its Inferential Role in Classical Genetics.Bert Leuridan - 2007 - Logique Et Analyse 198:147-171.
    Supervenience is mostly conceived of as a purely philosophical concept. Nevertheless, I will argue, it played an important and very fruitful inferential role in classical genetics. Gregor Mendel assumed that phenotypic traits supervene on underlying factors, and this assumption allowed him to successfully predict and explain the phenotypical regularities he had experimentally discovered. Therefore it is interesting to explicate how we reason about supervenience relations. I will tackle the following two questions. Firstly, can a reliable method (a logic) (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Conservatives and Racists: Inferential Role Semantics and Pejoratives.Daniel J. Whiting - 2008 - Philosophia 36 (3):375-388.
    According to inferential role semantics, for any given expression to possess a particular meaning one must be disposed to make or, alternatively, acknowledge as correct certain inferential transitions involving it. As Williamson points out, pejoratives such as ‘Boche’ seem to provide a counter-example to IRS. Many speakers are neither disposed to use such expressions nor consider it proper to do so. But it does not follow, as IRS appears to entail, that such speakers do not understand pejoratives (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  7.  1
    Inferential Role and the Ideal of Deductive Logic.Thomas Hofweber - 2009 - Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 5 (1).
    Although there is a prima facie strong case for a close connection between the meaning and inferential role of certain expressions, this connection seems seriously threatened by the semantic and logical paradoxes which rely on these inferential roles. Some philosophers have drawn radical conclusions from the paradoxes for the theory of meaning in general, and for which sentences in our language are true. I criticize these overreactions, and instead propose to distinguish two conceptions of inferential (...). This distinction is closely tied to two conceptions of deductive logic, and it is the key, I argue, for understanding first the connection between meaning and inferential role, and second what the paradoxes show more generally. (shrink)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  8.  18
    Interpersonal Sameness of Meaning for Inferential Role Semantics.Martin L. Jönsson - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 46 (3):269-297.
    Inferential Role Semantics is often criticized for being incompatible with the platitude that words of different speakers can mean the same thing. While many assume that this platitude can be accommodated by understanding sameness of meaning in terms of similarity of meaning, no worked out proposal has ever been produced for Inferential Role Semantics. I rectify this important omission by giving a detailed structural account of meaning similarity in terms of graph theory. I go on to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. Inferential-Role Semantics and the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction.Paul A. Boghossian - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 73 (2-3):109-122.
    This is a critical discussion of Jerry Fodor and Ernie Lepore's "Holism". The paper questions the existence of a slippery slope from some inferential liaisons are constitutive of meaning' to all inferential liaisons are constitutive of meaning'. "Interalia", it defends the existence of an analytic/synthetic distinction.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  10. Does an Inferential Role Semantics Rest Upon a Mistake?Paul A. Boghossian - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (1):27-40.
  11.  54
    Inferential Role and the Ideal of Deductive Logic.Thomas Hofweber - 2010 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 5 (1).
    There is a substantial question in the philosophy of language whether understanding a language involves knowledge of some metalinguistic facts about words. Does understanding a language in part consist in knowing what the words in that language mean? Most of the debate about this topic is carried out in the philosophy of language proper, where it seems to belong.1 But recently a subculture of philosophers has emerged who have argued that one of the lessons we must draw from issues in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  12.  2
    Does an Inferential Role Semantics Rest Upon a Mistake?Paul A. Boghossian - 1993 - Philosophical Issues 3:73-88.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  13.  15
    Weaving a Web: Concept Acquisition and Inferential Role.John Sarnecki - 2012 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 57 (3).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  12
    Erratum To: A Measure of Inferential-Role Preservation.A. C. Paseau - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4):1425-1425.
    Erratum to: Synthese DOI 10.1007/s11229-015-0705-5In line 3 of footnote 8 on page 4, ‘allow’ should be ‘disallow’.In line 8 of page 5, \ should be \ and \ should be \. Similarly for lines 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 13 and 14 of page 6.The entry in row 20 column 6 of the table on page 5 should be 1 rather than 0.The entry \ in row 30 column 5 of the table on page 5 should be \.In line 27 (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  7
    The Imagist Approach to Inferential Thought Patterns: The Crucial Role of Rhythm Pattern Recognition.Ralph D. Ellis - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):75-109.
    Tmagists' hold that inferential thinking is built up from combinations of sensory and sensorimotor images in various patterns and modalities, and that the images are a more basic mental and neurophysiological operation than the logical thinking and conceptualization that are built up front them. 'Computationalists' hold just the opposite view — that images result from previous inferential processing which is more basic than the images. Suppose we define inference as the kind of thought process that we actually undergo (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  1
    The Imagist Approach to Inferential Thought Patterns: The Crucial Role of Rhythm Pattern Recognition.Ralph D. Ellis - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):75-109.
    Tmagists' hold that inferential thinking is built up from combinations of sensory and sensorimotor images in various patterns and modalities, and that the images are a more basic mental and neurophysiological operation than the logical thinking and conceptualization that are built up front them. 'Computationalists' hold just the opposite view — that images result from previous inferential processing which is more basic than the images. Suppose we define inference as the kind of thought process that we actually undergo (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  14
    Is There Empirical Evidence for the Dynamic Nature of Communication Systems?: The Role of Synchronization and Inferential Communication.Karl Grammer - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):625-626.
    Communication is a multichannel, multiunit process that works on different levels. It is sequential with specific information carriers on a cognitive accessible level, and dynamic for the regulation of relationships at the same time. One function of communication is the broadcasting of internal states that can be assessed by inferential communication.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  1
    Statistical Reasoning: What is the Role of Inferential Rule Training? Comment on Fong and Nisbett.Don Ploger & Mark Wilson - 1991 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 120 (2):213-214.
  19.  77
    Counterfactually Robust Inferences, Modally Ruled Out Inferences, and Semantic Holism.Pietro Salis - 2016 - AL-MUKHATABAT (16):111-35.
    It is often argued that inferential role semantics (IRS) entails semantic holism as long as theorists fail to answer the question about which inferences, among the many, are meaning-constitutive. Since analyticity, as truth in virtue of meaning, is a widely dismissed notion in indicating which inferences determine meaning, it seems that holism follows. Semantic holism is often understood as facing problems with the stability of content and many usual explanations of communication. Thus, we should choose between giving up (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. True and False: An Exchange.Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi - 2000 - In André Chapuis & Anil Gupta (eds.), Circularity, Definition, and Truth. Indian Council of Philosophical Research. pp. 365-370.
    Classically, truth and falsehood are opposite, and so are logical truth and logical falsehood. In this paper we imagine a situation in which the opposition is so pervasive in the language we use as to threaten the very possibility of telling truth from falsehood. The example exploits a suggestion of Ramsey’s to the effect that negation can be expressed simply by writing the negated sentence upside down. The difference between ‘p’ and ‘~~p’ disappears, the principle of double negation becomes trivial, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21. The Role of Consciousness in Grasping and Understanding.David Bourget - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (2):285-318.
    One sometimes believes a proposition without grasping it. For example, a complete achromat might believe that ripe tomatoes are red without grasping this proposition. My aim in this paper is to shed light on the difference between merely believing a proposition and grasping it. I focus on two possible theories of grasping: the inferential theory, which explains grasping in terms of inferential role, and the phenomenal theory, which explains grasping in terms of phenomenal consciousness. I argue that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  22.  49
    Two Constraints on a Theory of Concepts.Andrea Onofri - 2016 - Dialectica 70 (1):3-27.
    Two general principles have played a crucial role in the recent debate on concepts. On the one hand, we want to allow different subjects to have the same concepts, thus accounting for concept publicity: concepts are ‘the sort of thing that people can, and do, share’. On the other hand, a subject who finds herself in a so-called ‘Frege case’ appears to have different concepts for the same object: for instance, Lois Lane has two distinct concepts SUPERMAN and CLARK (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23. Perception and Non-Inferential Knowledge of Action.Thor Grünbaum - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (2):153 - 167.
    I present an account of how agents can know what they are doing when they intentionally execute object-oriented actions. When an agent executes an object-oriented intentional action, she uses perception in such a way that it can fulfil a justificatory role for her knowledge of her own action and it can fulfil this justificatory role without being inferentially linked to the cognitive states that it justifies. I argue for this proposal by meeting two challenges: in an agent's knowledge (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  24. Brandom on Two Problems of Conceptual Role Semantics.Gabor Forrai - 2009 - In Barbara Merker (ed.), Vertehen nach Heidegger und Brandom.
    The paper examines how Brandom can respond to two objections raised against another sort of inferentialism, conceptual role semantics. After a brief explanation of the difference between the motivations and the nature of the two accounts (I), I argue that externalism can be accommodated within Brandomian inferentialism (II). Then I offer a reconstruction of how Brandom tries to explain mutual understanding (III-IV). Finally I point out a problem in Brandom’s account, which is this. Brandom’s inferential roles are social (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. The Runabout Inference Ticket.Arthur Prior - 1967 - In Peter Strawson (ed.), Analysis. Oxford University Press. pp. 38-9.
  26. The Empirical Case Against Analyticity: Two Options for Concept Pragmatists.Bradley Rives - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (2):199-227.
    It is commonplace in cognitive science that concepts are individuated in terms of the roles they play in the cognitive lives of thinkers, a view that Jerry Fodor has recently been dubbed ‘Concept Pragmatism’. Quinean critics of Pragmatism have long argued that it founders on its commitment to the analytic/synthetic distinction, since without such a distinction there is plausibly no way to distinguish constitutive from non-constitutive roles in cognition. This paper considers Fodor’s empirical arguments against analyticity, and in particular his (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  27.  18
    Disbelieving the Normativity of Content.Víctor M. Verdejo - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (4):441-456.
    Adherents as well as detractors of the normativity of mental content agree that its assessment crucially depends on the assessment of a principle for believing what is true. In this paper, I present an alternative principle, which is based on possession conditions for pure thinking or mere entertaining. I argue that the alternative approach has not been sufficiently emphasised in the literature and has two important merits. First, it yields a direct analysis of the normativity of mental content, which is, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  64
    The Pragmatics Of Inferential Content.Wolfram Hinzen - 2001 - Synthese 128 (1):157-181.
    Carnap took the content of a particular sentence or set of sentences to consist in the set of the consequences of the sentence or set. This claim equates meaning with inferential role, but it restricts the inferences to deductive or explicative ones. Here I reject a recent proposal by Robert Brandom, where inductive or ampliative inferences are also meant to confer contents on expressions. I argue that if Brandom's inferentialist picture is upheld, and both explicative and ampliative inferences (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. In Defense of Epistemic Modesty.Farid Masrour - 2011 - Philosophical Issues 21 (1):312-331.
    An ambitious project in epistemology is to show that we have justification for anti-skeptical beliefs such as the belief that we are not brains in vats. A much less ambitious project is to account for how perceptual experience justifies ordinary perceptual beliefs like the belief that there is a cat in front of me. One problem is that these two projects are entangled in such manner that the failure of the anti-skeptical project seems to entail the failure of the project (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  61
    Inferential Roles, Quine, and Mad Holism.Jonathan Berg - 1993 - In Grazer Philosophische Studien. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 283-301.
    Jerry Fodor and Ernie LePore argue against inferential role semantics on the grounds that either it relies on an analytic/synthetic distinction vulnerable to Quinean objections, or else it leads to a variety of meaning holism frought with absurd consequences. However, the slide from semantic atomism to meaning holism might be prevented by distinctions not affected by Quine's arguments against analyticity; and the absurd consequences Fodor and LePore attribute to meaning holism obtain only on an implausible construal of (...) roles. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Developing Sellars's Semantic Legacy: Meaning as a Role.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2007 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 92 (1):257-274.
    Wilfrid Sellars's analysis of the concept of meaning led, in effect, to the conclusion that the meaning of an expression is its inferential role. This view is often challenged by the claim that inference is a matter of syntax and syntax can never yield us semantics. I argue that this challenge is based on the confusion of two senses of "syntax"; and I try to throw some new light on the concept of inferential role. My conclusion (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  23
    Do Inferential Roles Compose?Mark McCullagh - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (4):431-38.
    Jerry Fodor and Ernie Lepore have argued that inferential roles are not compositional. It is unclear, however, whether the theories at which they aim their objection are obliged to meet the strong compositionality requirement they have in mind. But even if that requirement is accepted, the data they adduce can in fact be derived from an inferential-role theory that meets it. Technically this is trivial, but it raises some interesting objections turning on the issue of the generality (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  3
    Inferential Roles, Quine, and Mad Holism.Jonathan Berg - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 46:283-301.
    Jerry Fodor and Ernie LePore argue against inferential role semantics on the grounds that either it relies on an analytic/synthetic distinction vulnerable to Quinean objections, or else it leads to a variety of meaning holism frought with absurd consequences. However, the slide from semantic atomism to meaning holism might be prevented by distinctions not affected by Quine's arguments against analyticity; and the absurd consequences Fodor and LePore attribute to meaning holism obtain only on an implausible construal of (...) roles. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  2
    Inferential Roles, Quine, and Mad Holism.Jonathan Berg - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 46:283-301.
    Jerry Fodor and Ernie LePore argue against inferential role semantics on the grounds that either it relies on an analytic/synthetic distinction vulnerable to Quinean objections, or else it leads to a variety of meaning holism frought with absurd consequences. However, the slide from semantic atomism to meaning holism might be prevented by distinctions not affected by Quine's arguments against analyticity; and the absurd consequences Fodor and LePore attribute to meaning holism obtain only on an implausible construal of (...) roles. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  1
    Do Inferential Roles Compose?Mark McCullagh - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (4):431-438.
    Jerry Fodor and Ernie Lepore have argued that inferential roles are not compositional. It is unclear, however, whether the theories at which they aim their objection are obliged to meet the strong compositionality requirement they have in mind. But even if that requirement is accepted, the data they adduce can in fact be derived from an inferentialrole theory that meets it. I explain this in terms of Robert Brandom's substitutional conception of inferential roles. The several objections (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  17
    Pratiche discorsive razionali. Studi sull'inferenzialismo di Robert Brandom.Pietro Salis - 2016 - Milano-Udine: Mimesis Edizioni.
    Cosa vuol dire “fare uso di concetti”? Che relazione sussiste tra l’uso di un sistema concettuale e l’uso di un linguaggio naturale? Esiste un’influenza delle pratiche sociali in cui sono coinvolti gli esseri umani sui significati delle loro espressioni linguistiche? Che rapporto lega il ragionamento con l’uso di concetti? Queste sono alcune delle domande centrali per il lavoro del filosofo statunitense Robert Brandom. Sulla scorta di simili interrogativi, e mediante un confronto articolato con autori quali Kant, Hegel, Frege, Wittgenstein, Sellars (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  25
    Non-Inferential Aspects of Ad Hominem and Ad Baculum.Katarzyna Budzynska & Maciej Witek - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (3):301-315.
    The aim of the paper is to explore the interrelation between persuasion tactics and properties of speech acts. We investigate two types of arguments ad: ad hominem and ad baculum. We show that with both of these tactics, the structures that play a key role are not inferential, but rather ethotic, i.e., related to the speaker’s character and trust. We use the concepts of illocutionary force and constitutive conditions related to the character or status of the speaker in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  38.  83
    Testimonial Justification: Inferential or Non-Inferential?Peter J. Graham - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):84–95.
    Anti-reductionists hold that beliefs based upon comprehension (of both force and content) of tellings are non-inferentially justified. For reductionists, on the other hand, comprehension as such is not in itself a warrant for belief: beliefs based on it are justified only if inferentially supported by other beliefs. I discuss Elizabeth Fricker's argument that even if anti-reductionism is right in principle, its significance is undercut by the presence of background inferential support: for mature knowledgeable adults, justification from comprehension as such (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  39.  15
    Outline of a Dynamical Inferential Conception of the Application of Mathematics.Tim Räz & Tilman Sauer - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 49:57-72.
    We outline a framework for analyzing episodes from the history of science in which the application of mathematics plays a constitutive role in the conceptual development of empirical sciences. Our starting point is the inferential conception of the application of mathematics, recently advanced by Bueno and Colyvan. We identify and discuss some systematic problems of this approach. We propose refinements of the inferential conception based on theoretical considerations and on the basis of a historical case study. We (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  14
    Computer Simulations: An Inferential Conception.Otávio Bueno - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):378-398.
    In this paper, I offer an inferential conception of computer simulations, emphasizing the role that simulations play as inferential devices to represent empirical phenomena. Three steps are involved in a simulation: an immersion step, a derivation step, and an interpretation and correction step. After presenting the view, I mention some cases, such as simulations of the current flow between silicon atoms and buckyballs as well as of genetic regulatory systems. I argue that the inferential conception accommodates (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41.  88
    Semantics, Conceptual Role.Ned Block - 1997 - In [Book Chapter] (Unpublished). Routledge. pp. 242--256.
    According to Conceptual Role Semantics ("CRS"), the meaning of a representation is the role of that representation in the cognitive life of the agent, e.g. in perception, thought and decision-making. It is an extension of the well known "use" theory of meaning, according to which the meaning of a word is its use in communication and more generally, in social interaction. CRS supplements external use by including the role of a symbol inside a computer or a brain. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  42.  12
    Crossing the Associative/Inferential Divide: Ad Hoc Concepts and the Inferential Power of Schemata.Marco Mazzone - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (4):583-599.
    How do we construct ad hoc concepts, especially those characterised by emergent properties? A reasonable hypothesis, suggested both in psychology and in pragmatics , is that some sort of inferential processing must be involved. I argue that this inferential processing can be accounted for in associative terms. My argument is based on the notion of inference as associative pattern completion based on schemata, with schemata being conceived in turn as patterns of concepts and their relationships. The possible (...) of conscious attention in inferential processes of this sort is also addressed. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  43.  78
    Inferential and Non-Inferential Reasoning.Bart Streumer - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):1-29.
    It is sometimes suggested that there are two kinds of reasoning: inferential reasoning and non-inferential reasoning. However, it is not entirely clear what the difference between these two kinds of reasoning is. In this paper, I try to answer the question what this difference is. I first discuss three answers to this question that I argue are unsatisfactory. I then give a different answer to this question, and I argue that this answer is satisfactory. I end by showing (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  44.  5
    Deduction and Reduction Theorems for Inferential Erotetic Logic.Andrzej Wiśniewski - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (2):295-309.
    The concepts of question evocation and erotetic implication play central role in Inferential Erotetic Logic. In this paper, deduction theorems for question evocation and erotetic implication are proven. Moreover, it is shown how question evocation by a finite non-empty set of declaratives can be reduced to question evocation by the empty set, and how erotetic implication based on a finite non-empty set of declaratives can be reduced to a relation between questions only.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  48
    The Role of Logical Inference in Heuristic Rationality.Leah Savion & Raymundo Morado - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:13-18.
    One of the key concepts in the Philosophy of Logic is the notion of inference. In this paper we expand the notion of logical inference and describe its role in a comprehensive theory of rationality. Some recent rationality theories either presuppose an unattainable logical capacity or they minimize the role of logic, in light of the vast amount of data on fallacious inferential performance. In this paper we defend the view that logical acuity, redefined to include heuristics, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  3
    The Role of Logical Inference in Heuristic Rationality.Leah Savion & Raymundo Morado - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:13-18.
    One of the key concepts in the Philosophy of Logic is the notion of inference. In this paper we expand the notion of logical inference and describe its role in a comprehensive theory of rationality. Some recent rationality theories either presuppose an unattainable logical capacity or they minimize the role of logic, in light of the vast amount of data on fallacious inferential performance. In this paper we defend the view that logical acuity, redefined to include heuristics, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  9
    Austere Realism and the Worldly Assumptions of Inferential Statistics.J. D. Trout - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:190 - 199.
    Inferential statistical tests-such as analysis of variance, t-tests, chi-square and Wilcoxin signed ranks-now constitute a principal class of methods for the testing of scientific hypotheses. In this paper I will consider the role of one statistical concept (statistical power) and two statistical principles or assumptions (homogeneity of variance and the independence of random error), in the reliable application of selected statistical methods. I defend a tacit but widely-deployed naturalistic principle of explanation (E): Philosophers should not treat as inexplicable (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Holism, Mental and Semantic.Ned Block - 1996 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge.
    Mental (or semantic) holism is the doctrine that the identity of a belief content (or the meaning of a sentence that expresses it) is determined by its place in the web of beliefs or sentences comprising a whole theory or group of theories. It can be contrasted with two other views: atomism and molecularism. Molecularism characterizes meaning and content in terms of relatively small parts of the web in a way that allows many different theories to share those parts. For (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49.  26
    Evaluating Inferences: The Nature and Role of Warrants.Robert C. Pinto - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (3):287-317.
    Following David Hitchcock and Stephen Toulmin, this paper takes warrants to be material inference rules. It offers an account of the form such rules should take that is designed (a) to implement the idea that an argument/inference is valid only if it is entitlement preserving and (b) to support a qualitative version of evidence proportionalism. It attempts to capture what gives warrants their normative force by elaborating a concept of reliability tailored to its account of the form such rules should (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  50. A Paradox of Inferentialism.Giacomo Turbanti - 2015 - AL-MUKHATABAT 16:163-195.
    John McDowell articulated a radical criticism of normative inferentialism against Robert Brandom’s expressivist account of conceptual contents. One of his main concerns consists in vindicating a notion of intentionality that could not be reduced to the deontic relations that are established by discursive practitioners. Noticeably, large part of this discussion is focused on empirical knowledge and observational judgments. McDowell argues that there is no role for inference in the application of observational concepts, except the paradoxical one of justifying the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000