Results for 'informatics'

342 found
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  1. Genome Informatics: The Role of DNA in Cellular Computations.James A. Shapiro - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (3):288-301.
    Cells are cognitive entities possessing great computational power. DNA serves as a multivalent information storage medium for these computations at various time scales. Information is stored in sequences, epigenetic modifications, and rapidly changing nucleoprotein complexes. Because DNA must operate through complexes formed with other molecules in the cell, genome functions are inherently interactive and involve two-way communication with various cellular compartments. Both coding sequences and repetitive sequences contribute to the hierarchical systemic organization of the genome. By virtue of nucleoprotein complexes, (...)
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  2.  1
    Informatics and the Foundations of Legal Reasoning.Zenon Bankowski, Ian White & Ulrike Hahn (eds.) - 1995 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Informatics and the Foundations of Legal Reasoning represents a close collaboration between a wide range of disciplines and countries. Fourteen papers, together with a long analytical introduction by the editors, were selected from the contributions of legal theorists, computer scientists, philosophers and logicians who were members of an International Working Group supported by the European Commission. The Group was mandated to work towards determining how far the law is amenable to formal modeling, and in what ways computers might assist (...)
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  3. Informatics and Professional Responsibility.Donald Gotterbarn - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):221-230.
    Many problems in software development can be traced to a narrow understanding of professional responsibility. The author examines ways in which software developers have tried to avoid accepting responsibility for their work. After cataloguing various types of responsibility avoidance, the author introduces an expanded concept of positive responsibility. It is argued that the adoption of this sense of positive responsibility will reduce many problems in software development.
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  4.  92
    Cognitive Informatics, Distributed Representation and Embodiment.Antony Bryant - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):215-228.
    This paper is a revised and extended version of a keynote contribution to a recent conference on Cognitive Informatics. It offers a brief summary of some of the core concerns of other contributions to the conference, highlighting the range of issues under discussion; and argues that many of the central concepts and preoccupations of cognitive informatics as understood by participants--and others in the general field of computation--rely on ill-founded realist assumptions, and what has been termed the functionalist view (...)
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  5.  21
    On Informatics and Underdevelopment.Judith Sutz - 1989 - AI and Society 3 (2):146-155.
    The main question in this article deals with the contribution of informatics to development. As an approach to an answer, it is pointed out in the first place, that there is not just one informatics and that “development” does not admit of only one definition. After delimiting the relevant concept of development, it is suggested that if informatics is to collaborate in its achievement it is essential to rely, in the Third World, on socially responsible technicians. Thus, (...)
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  6.  66
    Informatics: Science or Téchne?Tito Palmeiro - 2016 - O Que Nos Faz Pensar 25:88-97.
    Informatics is generally understood as a “new technology” and is therewith discussed according to technological aspects such as speed, data retrieval, information control and so on. Its widespread use from home appliances to enterprises and universities is not the result of a clear-cut analysis of its inner possibilities but is rather dependent on all sorts of ideological promises of unlimited progress. We will discuss the theoretical definition of informatics proposed in 1936 by Alan Turing in order to show (...)
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  7. Informatics: The Fuel for Pharmacometric Analysis.H. Grasela Thaddeus, Fiedler-Kelly Jill, Cirincione Brenda, Hitchcock Darcy, Reitz Kathleen, Sardella Susanne & Barry Smith - 2007 - AAPS Journal 9 (1):E84--E91.
    The current informal practice of pharmacometrics as a combination art and science makes it hard to appreciate the role that informatics can and should play in the future of the discipline and to comprehend the gaps that exist because of its absence. The development of pharmacometric informatics has important implications for expediting decision making and for improving the reliability of decisions made in model-based development. We argue that well-defined informatics for pharmacometrics can lead to much needed improvements (...)
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  8. Biomedical Informatics and Granularity.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2004 - Comparative and Functional Genomics 5 (6-7):501-508.
    An explicit formal-ontological representation of entities existing at multiple levels of granularity is an urgent requirement for biomedical information processing. We discuss some fundamental principles which can form a basis for such a representation. We also comment on some of the implicit treatments of granularity in currently available ontologies and terminologies (GO, FMA, SNOMED CT).
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  9.  2
    Causation in Population Health Informatics and Data Science.Olaf Dammann & Benjamin Smart - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: Springer Verlag.
    This book covers the overlap between informatics, computer science, philosophy of causation, and causal inference in epidemiology and population health research. Key concepts covered include how data are generated and interpreted, and how and why concepts in health informatics and the philosophy of science should be integrated in a systems-thinking approach. Furthermore, a formal epistemology for the health sciences and public health is suggested. -/- Causation in Population Health Informatics and Data Science provides a detailed guide of (...)
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  10.  65
    Medical Informatics and the Concept of Disease.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):85-100.
    This paper attempts to address the general questionwhether information technologies, as applied in thearea of medicine and health care, have or are likelyto change fundamental concepts regarding disease andhealth. After a short excursion into the domain ofmedical informatics I provide a brief overview of someof the current theories of what a disease is from amore philosophical perspective, i.e. the ``valuefree'' and ``value laden'' view of disease. Next, Iconsider at some length, whether health careinformatics is currently modifying fundamentalconcepts of disease. (...)
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  11.  36
    Is Informatics a Design Discipline?Peter Purgathofer - 2006 - Poiesis and Praxis 4 (4):303-314.
    The article discusses the theory and practice of software development in the light of design theory. It tries to show that the design process cannot be forced into a predefined operational sequence. To underline this, the history of design methods is retraced, showing that such approaches were abolished not only in practice, but also the theory of design. The essay then discusses the cognitive framework of contemporary design theory and closes with the proposal that informatics should redefine itself as (...)
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  12. Cognitive Informatics: A New Transdisciplinary Research Field.Yingxu Wang - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):115-127.
    The development of classical and contemporary informatics, the cross-fertilization between computer science, software engineering, cognitive science, and neuropsychology, has led to a whole range of extremely interesting new research areas known as cognitive informatics. Cognitive informatics is the transdisciplinary study of cognitive and information sciences that investigates into the internal information processing mechanisms and processes of the natural intelligence--human brains and minds. Cognitive informatics is a branch of information and computer science that studies computing by cognitive (...)
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  13. Informat͡sionno-Diskursivnyĭ Podkhod K Analizu Oslozhnennogo Predlozhenii͡a.G. N. Manaenko - 2006 - Stavropolskoe Otdelenie Rossiĭskoĭ Assot͡siat͡sii Lingvistov-Kognitologov.
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  14. Cognitive Informatics, Distributed Representation and Embodiment.Antony Bryant - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):215-228.
    This paper is a revised and extended version of a keynote contribution to a recent conference on Cognitive Informatics. It offers a brief summary of some of the core concerns of other contributions to the conference, highlighting the range of issues under discussion; and argues that many of the central concepts and preoccupations of cognitive informatics as understood by participants--and others in the general field of computation--rely on ill-founded realist assumptions, and what has been termed the functionalist view (...)
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  15. Discussion of “Biomedical Informatics: We Are What We Publish”.Geissbuhler Antoine, W. E. Hammond, A. Hasman, R. Hussein, R. Koppel, C. A. Kulikowski, V. Maojo, F. Martin-Sanchez, P. W. Moorman, Moura La, F. G. De Quiros, M. J. Schuemle, Barry Smith & J. Talmon - 2013 - Methods of Information in Medicine 52 (6):547-562.
    This article is part of a For-Discussion-Section of Methods of Information in Medicine about the paper "Biomedical Informatics: We Are What We Publish", written by Peter L. Elkin, Steven H. Brown, and Graham Wright. It is introduced by an editorial. This article contains the combined commentaries invited to independently comment on the Elkin et al. paper. In subsequent issues the discussion can continue through letters to the editor.
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  16.  24
    Informatics and Society: Will There Be an 'Information Revolution'? [REVIEW]Lorne Tepperman - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (5):395 - 399.
    The claim that an information revolution is underway is scrutinized in this paper. Particular attention is given to the notions that new information technology will radically increase human choice and rationality in decision-making. The literature on informatics and technology is selectively reviewed in order to determine whether (1) the present use of technology seems to predict an increased choice and rationality in the future; (2) earlier technologies have had this effect; and (3) past social predictions of this type have (...)
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  17. Informat͡sionnye Osnovy Sinteza Sistem.V. I. Razumov - 2007
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  18.  10
    Informatization and the National Culture.Xiao Lingnuo - 2003 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 35 (2):68-78.
    Chinese national culture has a glorious past, as does our science, technology, and production. It was in the modern era that, for a variety of reasons, the Chinese national culture fell behind the West in many respects, not keeping up with the demands of the times.
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  19.  36
    Informatics (Computer and Information Science): Its Ideology, Methodology, and Sociology.Saul Gorn - 1983 - In Fritz Machlup (ed.), The Study of Information: Interdisciplinary Messages. Wiley.
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  20.  3
    Informatics and Society: Will There Be an ‘Information Revolution’?Lorne Tepperman - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (5):395-399.
    The claim that an information revolution is underway is scrutinized in this paper. Particular attention is given to the notions that new information technology will radically increase human choice and rationality in decision-making. The literature on informatics and technology is selectively reviewed in order to determine whether the present use of technology seems to predict an increased choice and rationality in the future; earlier technologies have had this effect; and past social predictions of this type have proven generally correct. (...)
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  21.  2
    How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics.N. Katherine Hayles - 1999 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" _Star Trek_-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In _How We Became Posthuman,_ N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost (...)
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  22. Semantics and Metaphysics in Informatics: Toward an Ontology of Tasks (a Reply to Lenartowicz Et Al. 2010, Towards an Ontology of Cognitive Control).Carrie Figdor - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):222-226.
    This article clarifies three principles that should guide the development of any cognitive ontology. First, that an adequate cognitive ontology depends essentially on an adequate task ontology; second, that the goal of developing a cognitive ontology is independent of the goal of finding neural implementations of the processes referred to in the ontology; and third, that cognitive ontologies are neutral regarding the metaphysical relationship between cognitive and neural processes.
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  23.  3
    " Is Informatics a Design Discipline?"; Poiesis & Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science, 4 (2006), 4; S.?#. [REVIEW]P. Purgathofer - 2006 - Poiesis and Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science 4:4.
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  24. Comparative Informatics: A New Information Science in the Service of Crisis Containment and Trauma Prevention and Recovery.Mara Miller - unknown
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  25. Comparative Informatics: Disaster Management, Trauma, and Information Science.Mara Miller - unknown
  26. Meaning, the Frontier of Informatics: Informatics 9: Proceedings of a Conference Jointly Sponsored by Aslib, the Aslib Informatics Group and the Information Retrieval Specialist Group of the British Computer Society, King's College, Cambridge, 26-27 March 1987. [REVIEW]Kevin P. Jones (ed.) - 1987 - Aslib.
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  27.  6
    Informatics as the Scientific Environment for Artificial Intelligence.Jozef Gruska - 1991 - In P. A. Flach (ed.), Future Directions in Artificial Intelligence. New York: Elsevier Science.
  28. Kreativno-Informat͡sionnai͡a Modelʹ Cheloveka: Filosofskiĭ Analiz Sot͡sialʹnykh Vzaimosvi͡azeĭ: Monografii͡a.D. N. Borovinskai͡a - 2010
    В монографии представлена систематизация современных западных и отечественных подходов в исследовании качеств современного человека, таких как креативность и информативность. Для читателей, интересующихся проблемами социальной философии.
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  29.  22
    Medical Informatics Ethics. Subject and Main Issues.K. Trzesicki - 2006 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 7:49-68.
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  30.  21
    Cyborgs, Biotechnologies, and Informatics in Health Care - New Paradigms in Nursing Sciences.Ana Paula Teixeira de Almeida Vieir Monteiro - 2016 - Nursing Philosophy 17 (1):19-27.
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  31.  82
    On Cognitive Informatics[REVIEW]Yingxu Wang - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):151-167.
    Supplementary to matter and energy, information is the third essence for modeling the natural world. An emerging discipline known as cognitive informatics (CI) is developed recently that forms a profound interdisciplinary study of cognitive and information sciences, and tackles the common root problems sharing by informatics, computing, software engineering, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuropsychology, philosophy, linguistics, and life science. CI focuses on internal information processing mechanisms and the natural intelligence of the brain. This paper describes the historical development (...)
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  32.  2
    Social Informatics in Education: Societal Cultures Versus Educational Technologies.Ivo Vlaev & Leah Borovoi - 2015 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 35 (5-6):178-186.
    This article lies at the crossroads of education, technology, and culture, examining the assumption that societal cultures can exert influence on educational technologies. It is informed by a hypothesis that educational technology is not merely a matter of education and technology alone but is also about the societal culture wherein that educational technology is implemented. The study explores those societally and culturally informed factors that promote the rejection of educational technologies. It answers the research question: To what extent do societal (...)
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  33.  2
    Medical Informatics and the Concept of Disease.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics: Philosophy of Medical Research and Practice 21 (1):85-101.
    This paper attempts to address the general question whether information technologies, as applied in the area of medicine and health care, have or are likely to change fundamental concepts regarding disease and health. After a short excursion into the domain of medical informatics I provide a brief overview of some of the current theories of what a disease is from a more philosophical perspective, i.e., the "value free" and "value laden" view of disease. Next, I consider at some length, (...)
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  34.  1
    Constructive Informatics and AI.Hideyuki Nakashima - 2006 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 21 (6):502-513.
  35.  6
    Community Informatics.Chris Bodnar - 2002 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 32 (1):44-45.
  36. Introduction: International Medical Informatics Association Working Group 6 and the 2005 Rome Conference.James J. Cimino & Barry Smith - 2006 - Journal of Biomedical Informatics 39 (3):249-251.
     
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  37.  57
    The Ethics in Japanese Information Society: Consideration on Francisco Varela’s The Embodied Mind From the Perspective of Fundamental Informatics[REVIEW]Toru Nishigaki - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):237-242.
    The ethics in an information society is discussed from the combined viewpoint of Eastern and Western thoughts. The breakdown of a coherent self threatens the Western ethics and causes nihilism. Francisco Varela, one of the founders of Autopoiesis Theory, tackled this problem and proposed Enactive Cognitive Science by introducing Buddhist middle-way philosophy. Fundamental Informatics gives further insights into the problem, by proposing the concept of a hierarchical autopoietic system. Here the ethics can be described in relation to a community (...)
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  38.  6
    Where is Social Informatics?Alexander Halavais - 2004 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 34 (1 special issue):1-2.
    The term "social informatics," at least among those who work in one or more of the various fields it helps to unite, unavoidably elicits its originator and greatest advocate, Rob Kling. Kling coined the term in order to help describe a perspective in which information technologies were studied within their social contexts. It was also used to describe a new interdiscipline, one that drew computer science and the social sciences closer together, and that recognized a literature at this nexus (...)
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  39.  15
    Current Perspectives on the Development of the Philosophy of Informatics.Paweł Polak - 2017 - Philosophical Problems in Science 63:77-100.
    This article is an overview of the philosophy of informatics with a special regard to some Polish philosophers. It juxtaposes the informationistic worldview with the long-prevailing mechanical conceptualization of nature before introducing the metaphysical perspective of the information revolution in sciences. The article shows also how ontic pancomputationalism – regarded as an update to structural realism – could enrich the philosophical research in some classical topics. The paper concludes with a discussion of the philosophy of Jan Salamucha, a philosopher (...)
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  40. The Analysis of Meaning: Informatics 5, Proceedings ASLIB/BCS Conference.M. MacCafferty & Kurt Gray (eds.) - 1979 - Aslib.
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  41. Giving Patients Granular Control of Personal Health Information: Using an Ethics ‘Points to Consider’ to Inform Informatics System Designers.Eric M. Meslin, Sheri A. Alpert, Aaron E. Carroll, Jere D. Odell, William M. Tierney & Peter H. Schwartz - 2013 - International Journal of Medical Informatics 82:1136-1143.
    Objective: There are benefits and risks of giving patients more granular control of their personal health information in electronic health record (EHR) systems. When designing EHR systems and policies, informaticists and system developers must balance these benefits and risks. Ethical considerations should be an explicit part of this balancing. Our objective was to develop a structured ethics framework to accomplish this. -/- Methods: We reviewed existing literature on the ethical and policy issues, developed an ethics framework called a “Points to (...)
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  42.  24
    The Role of Health Informatics in Clinical Audit: Part of the Problem or Key to the Solution?Andrew Georgiou & Michael Pearson - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):183-188.
  43.  69
    Death, Dying and Informatics: Misrepresenting Religion on MedLine. [REVIEW]Pablo Rodríguez Del Pozo & Joseph Fins - 2005 - BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-5.
    Background The globalization of medical science carries for doctors worldwide a correlative duty to deepen their understanding of patients' cultural contexts and religious backgrounds, in order to satisfy each as a unique individual. To become better informed, practitioners may turn to MedLine, but it is unclear whether the information found there is an accurate representation of culture and religion. To test MedLine's representation of this field, we chose the topic of death and dying in the three major monotheistic religions. Methods (...)
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  44. Workshop on Community Informatics (COMINF)-Community Evaluation and Assessment Methodologies-An Approach to the Assessment of Applied Information Systems with Particular Application to Community.Driss Gurstein Kettani & Bernard Mahdi Moulin - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 301-310.
     
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  45. Philosophy and Informatics.A. Robinet - 1981 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 35 (136):405-409.
     
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  46.  1
    On Cognitive Informatics.Yingxu Wang - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):151-167.
    Supplementary to matter and energy, information is the third essence for modeling the natural world. An emerging discipline known as cognitive informatics is developed recently that forms a profound interdisciplinary study of cognitive and information sciences, and tackles the common root problems sharing by informatics, computing, software engineering, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuropsychology, philosophy, linguistics, and life science. CI focuses on internal information processing mechanisms and the natural intelligence of the brain. This paper describes the historical development of (...)
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  47.  8
    Digital Feminicity: Predication and Measurement, Materialist Informatics and Images.Felicity Colman - 2014 - Journal of Art, Science, and Technology 14:7-17.
    “Feminicity” is the term for a predicate register that enables feminist work be accounted for as relational “active-points” that collectively can be seen through what they have achieved. But going further, it marks where those active-points contribute to the dynamic field of feminist epistemologies and where change occurs. This article contributes to my larger project’s discussion of this concept. Broadly, feminicity argues that the active-points of feminist practices need to be understood within their situated fields as materialist informatics. In (...)
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  48. Discussion of ''œBiomedical Informatics: We Are What We Publish''.Antoine Geissbuhler, W. E. Hammond, A. Hasman, R. Hussein, R. Koppel, C. A. Kulikowski, V. Maojo, F. Martin-Sanchez, P. W. Moorman & la MouraOthers - 2013 - Methods of Information in Medicine 52 (6):547--562.
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  49. Vosprii͡atie Vizualʹnoĭ Informat͡sii: Filosofii͡a Prot͡sessa.M. S. Kukhta - 2004 - Tomskiĭ Gos. Pedagogicheskiĭ Universitet.
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  50. Epigraphy and Informatics: An Introduction.Silvio Panciera - 2012 - In Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences. pp. 271.
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