Results for 'international protection'

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  1.  22
    The League of Nations Experiment in International Protection.Dorothy V. Jones - 1994 - Ethics and International Affairs 8:77–95.
    Despite its short life and the nonexistence of either troops or strong authority, the League of Nations did manage to generate positive developments in the establishment of international protection.
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  2.  13
    ‘Humane Intervention’: The International Protection of Animal Rights.Alasdair Cochrane & Steve Cooke - 2016 - Journal of Global Ethics 12 (1):106-121.
    ABSTRACTThis paper explores the international implications of liberal theories which extend justice to sentient animals. In particular, it asks whether they imply that coercive military intervention in a state by external agents to prevent, halt or minimise violations of basic animal rights can be justified. In so doing, it employs Simon Caney's theory of humanitarian intervention and applies it to non-human animals. It argues that while humane intervention can be justified in principle using Caney's assumptions, justifying any particular intervention (...)
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  3.  7
    The Hague Conference on Private International Law and its Current Programme of Work Concerning the International Protection of Children and Other Aspects of Family Law.Paul Volken & Petar Sarcevic - 2009 - In Paul Volken & Petar Sarcevic (eds.), Yearbook of Private International Law: Volume Ii. Sellier de Gruyter.
  4.  3
    Convention on the International Protection of Adults.Paul Volken & Petar Sarcevic - 2009 - In Paul Volken & Petar Sarcevic (eds.), Yearbook of Private International Law: Volume Ii. Sellier de Gruyter.
  5. SEVEN The International Protection of Refugees.David Kennedy - 2004 - In The Dark Sides of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism. Princeton University Press. pp. 199-234.
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  6.  36
    Sovereignty and the International Protection of Human Rights.Cristina Lafont - 2016 - Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (4):427-445.
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  7.  29
    Neoliberal Globalization and the International Protection of Human Rights.Cristina Lafont - 2018 - Constellations 25 (3):315-328.
  8.  8
    17 National and International Public Spheres and the Protection of Human Rights.Georg Lohmann - 2016 - Yearbook for Eastern and Western Philosophy 2016 (1):219-229.
    Since the founding of the UN, the protection of human rights has been a national and international challenge. In international human rights covenants, State Parties firstly commit themselves to respecting human rights in their respective constitutional area and to protecting and possibly incorporating them into the relevant constitution, but, secondly, they also submit to an international control. National protection is usually organized by different institutions, but also accompanied by critical NGOs and the national civil public. (...)
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  9.  22
    Catherine Phuong The International Protection of Internally Displaced Persons. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 318 Pages. $100.00. [REVIEW]Thomas G. Weiss - 2007 - Human Rights Review 8 (3):285-287.
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  10.  9
    Nanda Oudejans, Asylum. A Philosophical Inquiry Into the International Protection of Refugees. Amaya-Castro - 2014 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 43 (1):81-83.
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  11.  2
    The International Protection of Human Rights.David Johnson - 1968 - New Blackfriars 49 (575):361-366.
  12. Selected Problems of the International Protection of the Rights of the Child.H. Rechziegelova - 1994 - Filosoficky Casopis 42 (3):505-509.
     
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  13. Environmental Protection and an Equitable International Order.Holmes Rolston Iii - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):735-752.
    The UNCED Earth Summit established two new principles of international justice: an equitable international order and protection of the environment. UNCED was a significant symbol, a morality play about environment and economics. Wealth is asymmetrically distributed; approximately one-fifth of the world produces and consumes four-fifths of goods and services; four-fifths get one-fifth. This distribution can be interpreted as both an earnings differential and as exploitation. Responses may require justice or charity, producing and sharing. Natural and national resources (...)
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  14.  12
    International Health Research After Schrems V. Data Protection Commissioner.Mark A. Rothstein - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (2):5-6.
    On October 6, 2015, in Schrems v. Data Protection Commissioner, the European Court of Justice, the European Union's highest court, held that the fifteen-year-old Safe Harbor Framework Agreement with the United States was invalid. Under the agreement, about forty-five hundred American companies each year self-certified to the U.S. Department of Commerce that they were in compliance with the essential privacy protections of the European Union, and therefore it was permissible for entities in the European Union to send personal data (...)
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  15.  22
    The Right to Have Rights as a Right to Enter: Addressing a Lacuna in the International Refugee Protection Regime.Asher Lazarus Hirsch & Nathan Bell - 2017 - Human Rights Review 18 (4):417-437.
    This paper draws upon Hannah Arendt's idea of the 'right to have rights' to critique the current protection gap faced by refugees today. While refugees are protected from refoulement once they make it to the jurisdiction or territory of a state, they face an ever-increasing array of non-entrée policies designed to stymie access to state territory. Without being able to enter a state capable of securing their claims to safety and dignity, refugees cannot achieve the rights which ought to (...)
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  16.  16
    Environmental Protection and an Equitable International Order: Ethics After the Earth Summit.Holmes Rolston - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):735-752.
    The UNCED Earth Summit established two new principles of international justice: an equitable international order and protection of the environment. UNCED was a significant symbol, a morality play about environment and economics. Wealth is asymmetrically distributed; approximately one-fifth of the world produces and consumes four-fifths of goods and services; four-fifths get one-fifth. This distribution can be interpreted as both an earnings differential and as exploitation. Responses may require justice or charity, producing and sharing. Natural and national resources (...)
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  17.  20
    Environmental Protection and an Equitable International Order.Iii Holmes Rolston - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):735-752.
    The UNCED Earth Summit established two new principles of international justice: an equitable international order and protection of the environment. UNCED was a significant symbol, a morality play about environment and economics. Wealth is asymmetrically distributed; approximately one-fifth of the world produces and consumes four-fifths of goods and services; four-fifths get one-fifth. This distribution can be interpreted as both an earnings differential and as exploitation. Responses may require justice or charity, producing and sharing. Natural and national resources (...)
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  18.  15
    The Relationship Between International Political Community and Civil Society Concerning Environment Protection and the Struggle Against Climate Change.Valeria Barbi & Marco Borraccetti - forthcoming - Governare la Paura. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies.
    The paper’s aim is to retrace the history of climate change through its definition and the process of negotiation aroused from the creation of the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC). After a brief description of this institution, the basic principles beneath the whole system of environment protection and the struggle against climate change will be presented. The intention is to demonstrate how, despite the undeniable advancements of the latest decades, the international legislative framework, even supported (...)
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  19.  17
    Practice of China's Encouragement on Capital Export and It's Protection Under International Investment Law: Lithuanian Case.Andrius Bambalas - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (2):749-774.
    There are various notions of capital, but in this article movement of capital is being analysed from the perspective of international investment law – a country has an asset, which it cannot exploit or do so efficiently and there is a foreigner who possesses financing, technology or know-how, which allows to develop such asset. Lithuania is a net importer of capital, thus this article analyses on what might be the asset that Lithuanian government is interested in developing through foreign (...)
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  20. Corporate Social Responsibility, Investor Protection, and Earnings Management: Some International Evidence. [REVIEW]Hsiang-Lin Chih, Chung-Hua Shen & Feng-Ching Kang - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (1-2):179 - 198.
    To many, recent allegations of accounting fraud (or earnings management; EM) at Enron, coupled with similar ones at many other corporations, are a strong indication of a serious decay in business ethics. In academics, this raises the concern between EM and corporate social responsibility (CSR). Since it has neither been documented, nor globally tested whether CSR mitigates or increases the extent of EM, three kinds of EM are studied: earnings smoothing, earnings aggressiveness, and earnings losses and decreases avoidance. The extents (...)
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  21.  6
    The EU General Data Protection Regulation: Implications for International Scientific Research in the Digital Era.Edward S. Dove - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (4):1013-1030.
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  22.  13
    Problems of Translation of Provisions of International Treaties Illustrated by The Example of Article 6 of the European Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.Iwona Wrońska - 2016 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 45 (1):265-276.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric Jahrgang: 45 Heft: 1 Seiten: 265-276.
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  23.  16
    The Impact of General Human Rights on the Protection of Persons Belonging to National Minorities.Aistė Račkauskaitė-Burneikienė - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (3):923-950.
    The protection of national minorities forms a constituent part of the international protection of human rights. General human rights treaties (the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and others) create guarantees for the protection of persons belonging to national minorities on the basis of individual human rights. Although the mentioned treaties are not (...)
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  24.  12
    Laying the Foundations for an International Animal Protection Regime.Caley Otter - 2012 - Journal of Animal Ethics 2 (1):53.
  25.  12
    Is There a Need for Extension of Subsidiary Protection in the European Union Qualification Directive?Lyra Jakulevičienė - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 120 (2):215-232.
    The establishment of the Common European Asylum System by 2012 remains a key policy objective for the European Union. According to the Council of the European Union, the development of a Common Asylum Policy should be based on a full and inclusive application of the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and other relevant international treaties. In the European Pact on Immigration and Asylum attention is brought to the persistence of wide disparities amongst Member States in (...)
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  26.  14
    Accountability for International Intervention/Protection Activities.Martin Cook - 2010 - Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (2):129-141.
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  27.  4
    “Never Again”: The Protection of International Human Rights.Sander Lee - 1995 - Social Philosophy Today 11:113-123.
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  28.  5
    “Never Again”: The Protection of International Human Rights.Sander Lee - 1995 - Social Philosophy Today 11:113-123.
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  29.  4
    Book Review: International Public Health: Patients' Rights Vs. The Protection of Patents. [REVIEW]Bernard F. Hamilton - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (1):114-115.
  30.  2
    Contemporary International Law and Protection of Animals. Analysis Based on the Evolution of Dolphins Protection Regulations.M. Pogorzelska - 2007 - Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 8:127-140.
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  31. Congrès international de Zurich pour la protection ouvrière.M. C. M. C. - 1897 - Revue Thomiste 5 (1):569.
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  32. Internationale Perspektiven Zu Status Und Schutz des Extrakorporalen Embryos: Rechtliche Regelungen Und Stand der Debatte Im Ausland = International Perspectives on the Status and Protection of the Extracorporeal Embryo.Albin Eser, Hans-Georg Koch & Carola Seith (eds.) - 2007 - Nomos.
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  33. Beth Goldblatt and Lucie Lamarche : Women’s Rights to Social Security and Social Protection: Oňati International Series in Law and Society, Hart Publishing, 2014, ISBN: 978-1-84 946-692-9. [REVIEW]Colm O’Cinneide - 2016 - Feminist Legal Studies 24 (3):351-353.
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  34.  54
    Built-in privacy—no panacea, but a necessary condition for effective privacy protection.Alexander Dix - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):257-265.
    Built-in privacy has for too long been neglected by regulators. They have concentrated on reacting to violations of rules. Even imposing severe fines will however not address the basic issue that preventative privacy protection is much more meaningful. The paper discusses this in the context of the International Working Group on Data Protection in Telecommunications which has published numerous recommendations on privacy-compliant design of technical innovations. Social network services, road pricing schemes, and the distribution of digital media (...)
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  35.  22
    The Role of Interfaith Dialogue in the Process of Protection and Implementation of Human Rights.Liliya Sazonova - 2004 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 3 (7):170-181.
    The main thesis of this essay is that the inter-religious dialogue gives us some unique mechanisms for protecting and implementing human rights. This alternative way of implementation of the basic provisions of the international human rights law includes several practices. Among them there are organizing demonstrations, infor- mational campaigns, lobby campaigns for the ratification of certain legal means, monitoring, educational programs, declarations etc. These activities define the inter-religious dialogue movement as a civil society phenom- enon that acts both at (...)
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  36.  12
    Diplomatic Protection and Questions Related to Succession of States.Birutė Kunigėlytė-Žiūkienė - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (2):591-609.
    Succession of states regains its importance in current geopolitical situation as now we are witnessing a possible new wave of state succession: South Sudan has been accepted to the United Nations, Kosovo’s independence has been recognized by many countries, Palestine has gained new status in the United Nations, etc. This would lead to the necessity to resolve questions related to succession of states, which might, among other subjects, include issues of diplomatic protection which was subject to international legislation (...)
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  37.  16
    Asylum Legal Framework and Policy of the Slovak Republic.Lucia Hurná - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (4):1383-1405.
    After the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic, legal and institutional ground rules were set for providing asylum to foreigners present on the territory of the Slovak Republic. The national legislation of the last twenty years was adopted in compliance with international treaties and the European Union instruments covering asylum matters. In the field of asylum policy, the Slovak Republic complies with its traditional pillars and supports new forms of protection following the new challenges faced by the (...) community. The currently valid Asylum Act regulates the international protection of aliens in the Slovak Republic, by defining the conditions and procedures related to granting asylum and provision of subsidiary protection and temporary shelter. The Asylum Act also covers the rights and obligations of different categories of persons, stay in asylum facilities and, partially, the integration of persons that are granted asylum. This article describes and analyses the development of the Slovak asylum legal framework and the concept of asylum policy. Furthermore, it looks at different protection statuses granted to foreigners and finally deals with the refugee migration trends in the Slovak Republic. (shrink)
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  38.  41
    The Growing Complexity of International Policy in Intellectual Property.Francis Gurry - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):13-20.
    Intellectual property has historically been a self-contained policy at the international level. With the introduction of the TRIPs Agreement in 1994 and developments since the conclusion of the TRIPs Agreement, the relationship between intellectual property policy and other areas of public policy has become much more complex and interactive. This shift reflects the centrality of intellectual property in the knowledge economy, the rapid development of enabling technologies, notably the Internet and biotechnology, and the advent of the networked society. The (...)
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  39.  61
    Radiobiology and Gray Science: Flaws in Landmark New Radiation Protections.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (2):167-169.
    The International Commission on Radiological Protection — whose regularly updated recommendations are routinely adopted as law throughout the globe — recently issued the first-ever ICRP protections for the environment. These draft 2005 proposals are significant both because they offer the commission’s first radiation protections for any non-human parts of the planet and because they will influence both the quality of radiation risk assessment and environmental protection, as well as the global costs of nuclear-weapons cleanup, reactor decommissioning and (...)
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  40.  34
    TNC Motives for Signing International Framework Agreements: A Continuous Bargaining Model of Stakeholder Pressure.Niklas Egels-Zandén - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):529-547.
    Over the past decade, discussion has flourished among practitioners and academics regarding workers’ rights in developing countries. The lack of enforcement of national labour laws and the limited protection of workers’ rights in developing countries have led workers’ rights representatives to attempt to establish transnational industrial relations systems to complement existing national systems. In practice, these attempts have mainly been operationalised in unilateral codes of conduct; recently, however, negotiated international framework agreements (IFAs) have been proposed as an alternative. (...)
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  41.  56
    Online Security and the Protection of Civil Rights: A Legal Overview. [REVIEW]Ugo Pagallo - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (4):381-395.
    The paper examines the connection between online security and the protection of civil rights from a legal viewpoint, that is, considering the different types of rights and interests that are at stake in national and international law and whether, and to what extent, they concern matters of balancing. Over the past years, the purpose of several laws, and legislative drafts such as ACTA, has been to impose “zero-sum games”. In light of current statutes, such as HADOPI in France, (...)
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  42. Is Today's International Human Rights System a Global Governance Regime?James W. Nickel - 2002 - The Journal of Ethics 6 (4):353-371.
    Enthusiasts of the idea of globalization often view international human rights institutions as part of an emerging global governance regime. They claim that these institutions illustrate how state sovereignty is being diminished. This paper looks at the international system for thepromotion and protection of human rights aspart of normative globalization. It arguesthat this system does not constitute a systemof global governance, although in some areas itcomes close.
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  43.  27
    Research Involving Prisoners: Consensus and Controversies in International and European Regulations.Bernice S. Elger - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (4):224–238.
    This article examines international and European regulations on research involving prisoners for consensus, differences, and their consequences, and offers a critical evaluation of the various approaches. Agreement exists that prisoners are at risk of coercion, which might interfere with their ability to provide voluntary informed consent to research. Controversy exists about the magnitude of this risk and the consequences that should follow from this risk. Two strategies are proposed for a method of protecting prisoners that does not lead to (...)
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  44.  40
    Domestic Abuse, Civil Protection Orders and the `New Criminologies': Is There Any Value in Engaging with the Law?Clare Connelly & Kate Cavanagh - 2007 - Feminist Legal Studies 15 (3):259-287.
    Changes in government policy over the last two decades have seen the traditional goals of criminal justice, namely prosecution and punishment, being replaced by an emphasis on prevention, fear reduction, security and harm reduction. During this time domestic abuse has gained a place on the political agenda, which has resulted in legislative initiatives in the form of civil protection orders across the U.K. which primarily focus on prevention but have also more recently begun to rely on the traditional criminal (...)
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  45. Universal Jurisdiction and International Criminal Law.Jovana Davidovic - 2015 - In Chad Flanders & Zach Hoskins (eds.), The New Philosophy of Criminal Law. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 113-130.
    Davidovic asks what gives the international community the authority to punish some crimes? On one prominent view some crimes (genome, torture) are so heinous that the international community, so long as its procedures are fair, is justified in prosecuting them. Another view contends that heinousness alone is not enough to justify international prosecution: what is needed is an account of why the international community, in particular, has standing to hold the perpetrators to account. Davidovic raises concerns (...)
     
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  46.  93
    Consensus Conference on Environmental Values in Radiation Protection: A Report on Building Consensus Among Experts.Matthias Kaiser & Ellen-Marie Forsberg - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):593-602.
    During the fall of 2001 (October 22–25), The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA) and the Agricultural University of Norway arranged a consensus conference on the protection of the environment against ionising radiation. The motive for the conference was the need to study the ethical and philosophical basis for protection of nature in its own right. The conference was funded by Nordic Nuclear Safety Research (NKS), in cooperation with the International Union of Radioecology (IUR). The National Committee (...)
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  47.  28
    Environmental Conservation NGOs and the Concept of Sustainable Development: A Research Into the Value Systems of Greenpeace International, WWF International and IUCN International.Yvonne M. Scherrer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S3):555 - 571.
    On the background of the widely known and controversially discussed concept of sustainable development and the ever increasing influence of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) on social, environmental and economic issues, this article focuses on how NGOs, specialised in environmental protection and conservation issues, reacted to the holistic societal concept of sustainable development which aims at finding solutions not only to environmental, but also to social and economic issues. For this purpose, the article investigates whether and to what extent the sustainability (...)
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  48.  70
    Corporate Ethics in the Era of Globalization: The Promise and Peril of International Environmental Standards. [REVIEW]Judith Kimerling - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (4):425-455.
    The growing assumption thattransnational corporations (TNCs) will apply``best practice'''' and ``international standards''''in their operations in developing countries hasseldom been checked against close observationof corporate behavior. In this article, Ipresent a case study, based on field research,of one voluntary initiative to useinternational standards and best practice forenvironmental protection in the AmazonRainforest, by a US-based oil company,Occidental Petroleum (Oxy) in Ecuador. The moststriking finding is that the company refuses todisclose the precise standards that apply toits operations. This, and the refusal (...)
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  49.  42
    The Protection of Patients' Rights in Clinical Trials.Marek Czarkowski - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):131-138.
    The Helsinki Declaration is a very important document regarding the protection of patients’ rights in clinical trials and one of the fundamental sources of operational principles for every ethics committee. Although they have been updated, the international guidelines for ethics committees continually fail to address certain issues pertaining to the protection of patients’ rights in clinical trials. These issues include, most significantly, the method of electing ethics committees (a free, secret ballot should be preferred to direct appointment), (...)
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  50.  41
    Improving the Effectiveness of the International Law of Human Trafficking: A Vision for the Future of the US Trafficking in Persons Reports. [REVIEW]Anne T. Gallagher - 2011 - Human Rights Review 12 (3):381-400.
    In 2000, the United States Congress passed the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act requiring its State Department to issue annual Trafficking in Persons Reports (TIP Reports) describing “the nature and extent of severe forms of trafficking in persons” and assessing governmental efforts across the world to combat such trafficking against criteria established by US law. This article examines the opportunities and risks presented by the TIP Reports, tracing their evolution over the past decade and considering their impact (...)
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