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Jennifer Saul [30]Jennifer M. Saul [12]Jennifer Mather Saul [6]Jenniferm Saul [1]
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Jennifer Saul
University of Sheffield
  1.  90
    Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics.Jennifer Mather Saul - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    1. Lying -- 2. The problem of what is said -- 3. What is said -- 4. Is lying worse than merely misleading? -- 5. Some interesting cases.
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  2. Scepticism and Implicit Bias.Jennifer Saul - 2013 - Disputatio 5 (37):243-263.
    Saul_Jennifer, Scepticism and Implicit Bias.
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  3. Dogwhistles, Political Manipulation, and Philosophy of Language.Jennifer Saul - manuscript
  4. Substitution and Simple Sentences.Jennifer M. Saul - 1997 - Analysis 57 (2):102–108.
  5. Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics.Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    There is abundant evidence that most people, often in spite of their conscious beliefs, values and attitudes, have implicit biases. 'Implicit bias' is a term of art referring to evaluations of social groups that are largely outside conscious awareness or control. These evaluations are typically thought to involve associations between social groups and concepts or roles like 'violent,' 'lazy,' 'nurturing,' 'assertive,' 'scientist,' and so on. Such associations result at least in part from common stereotypes found in contemporary liberal societies about (...)
     
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  6. Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology.Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    Most people show unconscious bias in their evaluations of social groups, in ways that may run counter to their conscious beliefs. This volume addresses key metaphysical and epistemological questions about implicit bias, including its effect on scientific research, gender stereotypes in philosophy, and the role of heuristics in biased reasoning.
     
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  7. Philosophical Analysis and Social Kinds.Sally Haslanger & Jennifer Saul - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):89-118.
    [Sally Haslanger] In debates over the existence and nature of social kinds such as 'race' and 'gender', philosophers often rely heavily on our intuitions about the nature of the kind. Following this strategy, philosophers often reject social constructionist analyses, suggesting that they change rather than capture the meaning of the kind terms. However, given that social constructionists are often trying to debunk our ordinary (and ideology-ridden?) understandings of social kinds, it is not surprising that their analyses are counterintuitive. This article (...)
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  8. Ranking Exercises in Philosophy and Implicit Bias.Jennifer Saul - 2012 - Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (3):256-273.
  9. Gender and Race.Jennifer Saul - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):119-143.
  10. Speaker Meaning, What is Said, and What is Implicated.Jennifer M. Saul - 2002 - Noûs 36 (2):228–248.
    [First Paragraph] Unlike so many other distinctions in philosophy, H P Grice's distinction between what is said and what is implicated has an immediate appeal: undergraduate students readily grasp that one who says 'someone shot my parents' has merely implicated rather than said that he was not the shooter [2]. It seems to capture things that we all really pay attention to in everyday conversation'this is why there are so many people whose entire sense of humour consists of deliberately ignoring (...)
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  11. Pornography, Speech Acts and Context.Jennifer Saul - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (2):227–246.
    Catharine MacKinnon has claimed that pornography is the subordination of women. Rae Langton has defended the plausibility and coherence of this claim by drawing on speech act theory. I argue that considering the role of context in speech acts poses serious problems for Langton's defence of MacKinnon. Langton's account can be altered in order to accommodate the role of context. Once this is done, however, her defence of MacKinnon no longer looks so plausible. Finally, I argue that the speech act (...)
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  12.  13
    Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions.Jennifer Saul - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):174-176.
    Philosophers of language have long recognized that in opaque contexts, such as those involving propositional attitude reports, substitution of co-referring names may not preserve truth value. For example, the name ‘Clark Kent’ cannot be substituted for ‘Superman’ in a context like:1. Lois believes that Superman can flywithout a change in truth value. In an earlier paper, Jennifer Saul demonstrated that substitution failure could also occur in ‘simple sentences’ where none of the ordinary opacity-producing conditions existed, such as:2. Superman leaps more (...)
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  13. What is Said and Psychological Reality; Grice's Project and Relevance Theorists' Criticisms.Jennifer M. Saul - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (3):347-372.
  14.  74
    Racial Figleaves, the Shifting Boundaries of the Permissible, and the Rise of Donald Trump.Jennifer M. Saul - 2017 - Philosophical Topics 45 (2):97-116.
    The rise to power of Donald Trump has been shocking in many ways. One of these was that it disrupted the preexisting consensus that overt racism would be death to a national political campaign. In this paper, I argue that Trump made use of what I call “racial figleaves”—additional utterances that provide just enough cover to give reassurance to voters who are racially resentful but don’t wish to see themselves as racist. These figleaves also, I argue, play a key role (...)
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  15. The Pragmatics of Attitude Ascription.Jennifer M. Saul - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 92 (3):363-389.
  16.  21
    What is Happening to Our Norms Against Racist Speech?Jennifer Saul - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):1-23.
    Until recently, the accepted wisdom in the US was that overt racism would doom a national political campaign. This led to the use of covert messaging strategies like dogwhistles. Recent political events have called this wisdom into question. In this paper, I explore what has happened in recent years to our norms against racist speech, and to the ways that they are applied. I describe several mechanisms that seem to have contributed to the changes that I outline.
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  17.  19
    Should We Tell Implicit Bias Stories?Jennifer Saul - 2018 - Disputatio 10 (50):217-244.
    As the phenomenon of implicit bias has become increasingly widely known and accepted, a variety of criticisms have similarly gained in prominence. This paper focuses on one particular set of criticisms, generally made from the political left, of what Sally Haslanger calls “implicit bias stories”—a broad term encompassing a wide range of discourses from media discussions to academic papers to implicit bias training. According to this line of thought, implicit bias stories are counterproductive because they serve to distract from the (...)
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  18. Feminism: Issues & Arguments.Jennifer Mather Saul - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Filling a gap in the textbook market, Feminism: Issues & Arguments provides an accessible and stimulating introduction to feminist philosophy that assumes no background in the subject. Drawing on both philosophical thought and up-to-date empirical research, Jennifer Mather Saul provides lucid arguments for a variety of feminist positions but avoids advocating any particular position so that students will be motivated to think critically. The chapters are organized around key topics including pornography, abortion, sexual harassment, and the politics of work and (...)
     
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  19. Substitution, Simple Sentences, and Sex Scandals.Jennifer M. Saul - 1999 - Analysis 59 (2):106-112.
  20.  76
    Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions.Jennifer Mather Saul - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Substitution and simple sentences -- Simple sentences and semantics -- Simple sentences and implicatures -- The enlightenment problem and a common assumption -- Abandoning (EOI) -- Beyond matching propositions -- App. A : extending the account -- App. B : belief reporting.
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  21. On Treating Things as People: Objectification, Pornography, and the History of the Vibrator.Jennifer Mather Saul - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (2):45-61.
    : This article discusses recent feminist arguments for the possible existence of an interesting link between treating things as people and treating people as things. It argues, by way of a historical case study, that the connection is more complicated than these arguments have supposed. In addition, the essay suggests some possible general links between treatment of things and treatment of people.
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  22.  91
    Women in Philosophy.Jennifer Saul - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):38-43.
  23.  26
    Ix*-Pornography, Speech Acts and Context.Jennifer Saul - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (2):227-246.
  24. Wayne A. Davis, Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory.Jennifer M. Saul - 2001 - Noûs 35 (4):631-641.
  25. Feminist Philosophy of Language.Jennifer Saul - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Much of feminist philosophy of language so far can be described as critical—critical either of language itself or of philosophy of language, and calling for change on the basis of these criticisms. Those making these criticisms suggest that the changes are needed for the sake of feminist goals — either to better allow for feminist work to be done or, more frequently, to bring an end to certain key ways that women are disadvantaged. In this entry, I examine these criticisms. (...)
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  26. Reply to Forbes.Jennifer M. Saul - 1997 - Analysis 57 (2):114–118.
  27.  9
    Women in Philosophy.Jennifer Saul - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 59:38-43.
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  28. Still an Attitude Problem.Jennifer M. Saul - 1993 - Linguistics and Philosophy 16 (4):423 - 435.
  29. Stop Thinking So Much About ‘Sexual Harassment’.Jennifer Saul - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (3):307-321.
    This article explores two related widespread mistakes in thinking about sexual harassment. One is a mistake made by philosophers doing philosophical work on the topic of sexual harassment: an excessive focus on attempting to define the term ‘sexual harassment’. This is a perfectly legitimate topic for discussion and indeed a necessary one, but its dominance of the literature has tended to prevent philosophers from adequately exploring other topics that are of at least equal importance, particularly that of bystanders' responsibilities. The (...)
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  30. Subordination, Silencing, and Two Ideas of Illocution.Jennifer Hornsby, Louise Antony, Jennifer Saul, Natalie Stoljar, Nellie Wieland & Rae Langton - 2011 - Jurisprudence 2 (2):379-440.
    This section gathers together five reviews of Rae Langton?s book Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification followed by a response from the author.
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  31. Feminism: Issues and Arguments.Jennifer Mather Saul - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    A stimulating and accessible introduction to feminist philosophy. The chapters are organised around key issues of practical significance. Clear arguments are provided for a variety of feminist positions, drawing upon up-to-date empirical research. No background in feminism or philosophy is needed, and the clarity of the narrative ensures that Feminism: Issues and Arguments will appeal to a wide audience.
     
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  32.  12
    Intensionality.Graeme Forbes & Jennifer Saul - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 76:75-119.
    [Graeme Forbes] In I, I summarize the semantics for the relational/notional distinction for intensional transitives developed in Forbes. In II-V I pursue issues about logical consequence which were either unsatisfactorily dealt with in that paper or, more often, not raised at all. I argue that weakening inferences, such as 'Perseus seeks a mortal gorgon, therefore Perseus seeks a gorgon', are valid, but that disjunction inferences, such as 'Perseus seeks a mortal gorgon, therefore Perseus seeks a mortal gorgon or an immortal (...)
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  33.  58
    The Best of Intentions.Jennifer Saul - 1999 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):29-47.
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  34.  95
    The Road to Hell: Intentions and Propositional Attitude Ascription.Jennifer M. Saul - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (3):356–375.
  35.  52
    The Best of Intentions: Ignorance, Idiosyncrasy, and Belief Reporting.Jennifer Saul - 1999 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):29 - 47.
  36.  22
    Philosophy in Danger.Jennifer Saul - 2018 - The Philosophers' Magazine 80:96-97.
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  37.  34
    How Hate is Normalised.Jennifer Saul - 2017 - The Philosophers' Magazine 76:16-17.
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  38. Enlightened? As If!Jennifer Saul - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (4):547-549.
  39.  28
    II—Jennifer Saul: What Are Intensional Transitives?Jennifer M. Saul - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):101-119.
  40.  4
    Ix &Ast;—Pornography, Speech Acts and Context.Jennifer Saul - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Paperback) 106 (2):227-246.
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  41.  67
    Intensionality: What Are Intensional Transitives?Jennifer M. Saul - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):101–119.
    [Graeme Forbes] In I, I summarize the semantics for the relational/notional distinction for intensional transitives developed in Forbes. In II-V I pursue issues about logical consequence which were either unsatisfactorily dealt with in that paper or, more often, not raised at all. I argue that weakening inferences, such as 'Perseus seeks a mortal gorgon, therefore Perseus seeks a gorgon', are valid, but that disjunction inferences, such as 'Perseus seeks a mortal gorgon, therefore Perseus seeks a mortal gorgon or an immortal (...)
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  42.  18
    Deniability and Fig Leaves.Jennifer Saul - 2016 - The Philosophers' Magazine 75:16-19.
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  43. The Problem with Attitudes.Jennifer Mather Saul - 1996 - Dissertation, Princeton University
    In this dissertation, I argue that no account of propositional attitude reporting which does not include a significant degree of context-sensitivity can succeed in accommodating our intuitions about the truth conditions of such reports. Next, I argue that there are two general problems to be faced by any context-sensitive theory of attitude ascription, whether semantic or pragmatic. First, any theory which preserves our intuitions about which inference schemas are valid will violate our intuitions about truth conditions of particular attitude reports. (...)
     
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  44.  4
    Language in the World: A Philosophical Inquiry.Jennifer Saul & M. J. Cresswell - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):262.
    This book’s purpose is to examine the source of semantic facts—broadly, to explain why our words have the meanings they do. Cresswell takes this explanation to lie in a complicated web of causal interactions on which semantic facts supervene. He makes three main claims about these causal interactions: the causation involved is best analyzed by Lewisian counterfactuals, themselves analyzed by possible worlds; they are so complicated as to preclude reduction of semantic facts to nonsemantic ones; and the lack of a (...)
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  45.  17
    Language In the World: A Philosophical Inquiry.Jennifer Saul - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):262-264.
    This book’s purpose is to examine the source of semantic facts—broadly, to explain why our words have the meanings they do. Cresswell takes this explanation to lie in a complicated web of causal interactions on which semantic facts supervene. He makes three main claims about these causal interactions: the causation involved is best analyzed by Lewisian counterfactuals, themselves analyzed by possible worlds; they are so complicated as to preclude reduction of semantic facts to nonsemantic ones; and the lack of a (...)
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  46.  13
    And Intuitions.Jennifer Saul & Simple Sentences - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (4):541-545.
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  47. Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volumes 1 and 2: Metaphysics and Epistemology.Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Implicit Bias and Philosophy brings the work of leading philosophers and psychologists together to explore core areas of psychological research on implicit bias, as well as the ramifications of implicit bias for core areas of philosophy. Volume I: Metaphysics and Epistemology addresses key metaphysical and epistemological questions on implicit bias, including the effect of implicit bias on scientific research, gender stereotypes in philosophy, and the role of heuristics in biased reasoning. Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics explores the (...)
     
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  48. Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volumes 1 and 2: Metaphysics and Epistemology; Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics. [REVIEW]Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    Most people show unconscious bias in their evaluations of social groups, in ways that may run counter to their conscious beliefs. Volume 1 addresses key metaphysical and epistemological questions on this kind of implicit bias, while Volume 2 turns to the themes of moral responsibility and injustice.
     
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