Results for 'judgments'

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  1.  55
    The Moderating Effect of Individuals' Perceptions of Ethical Work Climate on Ethical Judgments and Behavioral Intentions.Tim Barnett & Cheryl Vaicys - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):351 - 362.
    Dimensions of the ethical work climate, as conceptualized by Victor and Cullen (1988), are potentially important influences on individual ethical decision-making in the organizational context. The present study examined the direct and indirect effects of individuals' perceptions of work climate on their ethical judgments and behavioral intentions regarding an ethical dilemma. A national sample of marketers was surveyed in a scenario-based research study. The results indicated that, although perceived climate dimensions did not have a direct effect on behavioral intentions, (...)
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  2.  12
    Ethical Judgments: What Do We Know, Where Do We Go? [REVIEW]Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):575-597.
    Investigations into ethical judgments generally seem fuzzy as to the relevant research domain. We first attempted to clarify the construct and determine domain parameters. This attempt required addressing difficulties associated with pinpointing relevant literature, most notably the varied nomenclature used to refer to ethical judgments (individual evaluations of actions’ ethicality). Given this variation in construct nomenclature and the difficulties it presented in identifying pertinent focal studies, we elected to focus on research that cited papers featuring prominent and often-used (...)
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  3. Madhyamaka Buddhist Meta-Ethics: The Justificatory Grounds of Moral Judgments.Bronwyn Finnigan - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (3):765-785.
    In recent decades, several attempts have been made to characterize Buddhism as a systematically unified and consistent normative ethical theory. This has given rise to a growing interest in meta-ethical questions. Meta-ethics can be broadly or narrowly defined. Defined broadly, it is a domain of inquiry concerned with the nature and status of the fundamental or framing presuppositions of normative ethical theories, where this includes the cognitive and epistemic requirements of presupposed conceptions of ethical agency.1 Defined narrowly, it concerns the (...)
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  4. Is Morality Unified? Evidence That Distinct Neural Systems Underlie Moral Judgments of Harm, Dishonesty, and Disgust.Carolyn Parkinson, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Philipp E. Koralus, Angela Mendelovici, Victoria McGeer & Thalia Wheatley - 2011 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23 (10):3162-3180.
    Much recent research has sought to uncover the neural basis of moral judgment. However, it has remained unclear whether "moral judgments" are sufficiently homogenous to be studied scientifically as a unified category. We tested this assumption by using fMRI to examine the neural correlates of moral judgments within three moral areas: (physical) harm, dishonesty, and (sexual) disgust. We found that the judgment ofmoral wrongness was subserved by distinct neural systems for each of the different moral areas and that (...)
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  5.  45
    Ethical Judgments in Business Ethics Research: Definition, and Research Agenda.John R. Sparks & Yue Pan - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (3):405-418.
    Decades of empirical and theoretical research has produced an extensive literature on the ethical judgments construct. Given its importance to understanding people’s ethical choices, future research should explore the psychological processes that produce ethical judgments. In this paper, the authors discuss two steps needed to advance this effort. First, they note that the business ethics literature lacks a single, generally accepted definition of ethical judgments. After reviewing several extant definitions, the authors offer a definition of the construct (...)
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  6. Aggregating Causal Judgments.Richard Bradley, Franz Dietrich & Christian List - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (4):491-515.
    Decision-making typically requires judgments about causal relations: we need to know the causal effects of our actions and the causal relevance of various environmental factors. We investigate how several individuals' causal judgments can be aggregated into collective causal judgments. First, we consider the aggregation of causal judgments via the aggregation of probabilistic judgments, and identify the limitations of this approach. We then explore the possibility of aggregating causal judgments independently of probabilistic ones. Formally, we (...)
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  7.  50
    Intentionality and Moral Judgments in Commonsense Thought About Action.Steven Sverdlik - 2004 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):224-236.
    The concept of intentional action occupies a central place in commonsense or folk psychological thought. Philosophers of action, psychologists and moral philosophers all have taken an interest in understanding this important concept. One issue that has been discussed by philosophers is whether the concept of intentional action is purely ‘naturalistic’, that is, whether it is entirely a descriptive concept that can be used to explain and predict behavior. (Of course, judgments using such a concept could be used to support (...)
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  8. Judgments of Moral Responsibility – a Unified Account.Gunnar Björnsson & Karl Persson - 2009 - In [2009] Society for Philosophy and Psychology, 35th Annual Meeting (Bloomington, IN; June 12-14). pp. 326-354.
    Recent work in experimental philosophy shows that folk intuitions about moral responsibility are sensitive to a surprising variety of factors. Whether people take agents to be responsible for their actions in deterministic scenarios depends on whether the deterministic laws are couched in neurological or psychological terms (Nahmias et. al. 2007), on whether actions are described abstractly or concretely, and on how serious moral transgression they seem to represent (Nichols & Knobe 2007). Finally, people are more inclined to hold an agent (...)
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  9.  7
    Dilemmas, Conspiracies, and Sophie's Choice: Vignette Themes and Ethical Judgments.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):639-653.
    Knowledge about ethical judgments has not advanced appreciably after decades of research. Such research, however, has rarely addressed the possible importance of the content of such judgments; that is, the material appearing in the brief vignettes or scenarios on which survey respondents base their evaluations. Indeed, this content has seemed an afterthought in most investigations. This paper closely examined the vast array of vignettes that have appeared in relevant research in an effort to reduce this proliferation to a (...)
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  10.  44
    Expressing Aesthetic Judgments in Context1.Isidora Stojanovic - 2016 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 59 (6):663-685.
    Aesthetic judgments are often expressed by means of predicates that, unlike ‘beautiful’ or ‘ugly’, are not primarily aesthetic, or even evaluative, such as ‘intense’ and ‘harrowing’. This paper aims to explain how such adjectives can convey a value-judgment, and one, moreover, whose positive or negative valence depends on the context.
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  11.  19
    The Power of Feminist Judgments?Rosemary Hunter - 2012 - Feminist Legal Studies 20 (2):135-148.
    Recent years have seen the advent of two feminist judgment-writing projects, the Women’s Court of Canada, and the Feminist Judgments Project in England. This article analyses these projects in light of Carol Smart’s feminist critique of law and legal reform and her proposed feminist strategies in Feminism and the Power of Law (1989). At the same time, it reflects on Smart’s arguments 20 years after their first publication and considers the extent to which feminist judgment-writing projects may reinforce or (...)
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  12. Perception, Non-Propositional Content and the Justification of Perceptual Judgments.Jan Almäng - 2014 - Metaphysica 15 (1):1-23.
    It is often argued that for a perceptual experience to be able to justify perceptual judgments, the perceptual experience must have a propositional content. For, it is claimed, only propositions can bear logical relations such as implication to each other. In this paper, this claim is challenged. It is argued that whereas perceptions and judgments both have intentional content, their contents have different structures. Perceptual content does not have a propositional structure. Perceptions and judgments can nevertheless have (...)
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  13.  30
    The Impact of Normative Influence and Locus of Control on Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.John Cherry - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):113-132.
    The study extends the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cross-cultural setting, incorporating ethical judgments and locus of control in a comparison of Taiwanese and US businesspersons. A self-administered survey of 698 businesspersons from the US and Taiwan examined several hypothesized differences. Results indicate that while Taiwanese respondents have a more favorable attitude toward a requested bribe than US counterparts, and are less likely to view it as an ethical issue, their higher locus externality causes ethical judgments (...)
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  14.  8
    The Influence of Religiosity on Consumer Ethical Judgments and Responses Toward Sexual Appeals.Sanjay Putrevu & Krist Swimberghek - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):351-365.
    This research explores the influence of religiosity on consumer perception of, and response toward, sexual appeals. The first study (survey, national sample; n = 423) examines the relationship between religiosity and consumer response toward sexual appeals using causal modeling. Study 1 finds that high intrinsic religiosity consumers exhibit more adverse ethical judgments toward the company’s use of sexual appeals and these judgments, in turn, result in inferior attitudes and purchase intent toward the advertised brand. To confirm and expand (...)
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  15.  26
    Living Wills and Substituted Judgments: A Critical Analysis.Jos V. M. Welie - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):169-183.
    In the literature three mechanisms are commonly distinguished to make decisions about the care of incompetent patients: A living will, a substituted judgment by a surrogate (who may or may not hold the power of attorney ), and a best interest judgment. Almost universally, the third mechanism is deemed the worst possible of the three, to be invoked only when the former two are unavailable. In this article, I argue in favor of best interest judgments. The evermore common aversion (...)
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  16.  54
    Ranking Judgments in Arrow's Setting.Daniele Porello - 2010 - Synthese 173 (2):199 - 210.
    In this paper, I investigate the relationship between preference and judgment aggregation, using the notion of ranking judgment introduced in List and Pettit (Synthese 140(1–2):207–235, 2004). Ranking judgments were introduced in order to state the logical connections between the impossibility theorem of aggregating sets of judgments proved in List and Pettit (Economics and Philosophy 18:89–110, 2002) and Arrow’s theorem (Arrow, Social choice and individual values, 1963). I present a proof of the theorem concerning ranking judgments as a (...)
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  17.  12
    “This Argument Fails for Two Reasons…”: A Linguistic Analysis of Judicial Evaluation Strategies in US Supreme Court Judgments[REVIEW]Davide Mazzi - 2010 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 23 (4):373-385.
    The centrality of argumentation in the judicial process is an age-old acquisition of research on legal discourse. Notwithstanding the deep insights provided by legal theoretical and philosophical works, only recently has judicial argumentation been tackled in its linguistic dimension. This paper aims to contribute to the development of linguistic studies of judicial argumentation, by shedding light on evaluation as a prominent aspect in the construction of the judge’s argumentative position. Evaluation as a deep structure of judicial argumentation is studied from (...)
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  18.  24
    Legal Theory and Value Judgments.V. Villa - 1997 - Law and Philosophy 16 (4):447-477.
    The aim of the paper is that of putting into question the dichotomy between fact-judgments and value judgments in the legal domain, with its epistemological presuppositions (descriptivist image of knowledge) and its methodological implications for legal knowledge (value freedom principle and neutrality thesis). The basic question that I will try to answer is whether and on what conditions strong ethical value-judgments belong within legal knowledge. I criticize the traditional positivist positions that have fully accepted the value-freedom principle (...)
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  19.  28
    On the Assessment of Genetic Technology: Reaching Ethical Judgments in the Light of Modern Technology.Wolfgang Bender, Katrin Platzer & Kristina Sinemus - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (1):21-32.
    The “Model for Reaching Ethical Judgments in the context of Modern Technologies — the Case of Genetic Technology”, which is presented here, has arisen from the project “Ethical Criteria bearing upon Decisions taken in the field of Biotechnology”. This project has been pursued since 1991 in the Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Technikforschung (ZIT) of the Technical University of Darmstadt, with the purpose of examining decision-making in selected activities involving the production of transgenic plants that have a useful application. The model (...)
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  20.  5
    The Relationship Between General Ethical Judgments and Copying Behavior at Work.Tracy A. Suter, Steven W. Kopp & David M. Hardesty - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (1):61-70.
    Electronic technologies, in general, and computer-oriented technologies specifically have had a tremendous impact on all aspects of business. One area of increased concern is the protection of intellectual properties -- notably copyrights -- within the boundaries of the broadly defined technology industry. While the ability to share copyrighted information has always existed at the most basic levels, the advent of the information age has allowed the sharing of this information to take place in potentially greater quantities and without a loss (...)
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  21.  5
    Poetic Justice: An Interpretation of Lawyers’ Reactions to Verse Judgments.Aaron Strickland - 2016 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 29 (3):643-666.
    This article offers an interpretation of lawyers’ reactions to verse judgments, being judicial decisions rendered in rhymed poetry form. While, in recent history, there has been an unexplained break in the close historical connection between poetry and law, some judges nevertheless continue to render their judicial decisions in verse. This has met strong criticism from fellow judges, inevitably, but also from lawyers. However, there is no evidence in academic writing of anyone attempting to explain why lawyers are having these (...)
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  22.  8
    Lessons of the First EU Court of Justice Judgments in Asylum Cases.Lyra Jakulevičienė - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (2):477-505.
    Starting from 2009, national courts of the EU Member States for the first time gained a “real” right to request the EU Court of Justice for preliminary rulings in asylum matters. First judgments of this Court demonstrate equivocal tendencies: some are blaming the Court for incompetence in asylum matters, others believe that the adoption of authoritative decisions at the European level will assist in developing consistent practice of applying asylum law in the European Union, something that failed at international (...)
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  23.  53
    Intuitions, Reflective Judgments, and Experimental Philosophy.Michael Hannon - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    Experimental philosophers are often puzzled as to why many armchair philosophers question the philosophical significance of their research. Armchair philosophers, in contrast, are often puzzled as to why experimental philosophers think their work sheds any light on traditional philosophical problems. I argue there is truth on both sides.
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  24.  2
    Magnitude Judgments and Difference Judgments of Lightness and Darkness: A Two-Stage Analysis.Stanley J. Rule, Ronald C. Laye & Dwight W. Curtis - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (6):1108.
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  25. Category Judgments of Loudness in the Absence of an Experimenter-Induced Identification Function: Sequential Effects and Power-Function Fit.Lawrence M. Ward - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (2):179.
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  26.  5
    Weight Scales From Ratio Judgments and Comparisons of Existent Weight Scales.Katherine E. Baker & Frank J. Dudek - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (5):293.
  27.  2
    A Ratio Rule From Integration Theory Applied to Inference Judgments.Manuel Leon & Norman H. Anderson - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):27.
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  28.  3
    Cross-Task Validation of Functional Measurement Using Judgments of Total Magnitude.Norman H. Anderson - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):226.
  29.  2
    Magnitude Estimations and Category Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Intervals: A Two-Stage Interpretation.Dwight W. Curtis - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):201.
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  30.  1
    Sequential Effects and Memory in Category Judgments.Lawrence M. Ward & G. R. Lockhead - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):27.
  31.  5
    Separating Perceptual and Linguistic Effects of Context Shifts Upon Absolute Judgments.David L. Krantz & Donald T. Campbell - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (1):35.
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  32.  7
    Judgments of Weight as Affected by Adaptation Range, Adaptation Duration, Magnitude of Unlabeled Anchor, and Judgmental Language.O. J. Harvey & Donald T. Campbell - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):12.
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  33.  3
    An Equal Discriminability Scale for Loudness Judgments.W. R. Garner - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (3):232.
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  34.  3
    Some Sources of Error in Half-Heaviness Judgments.Trygg Engen & Ülker Tulunay - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (3):208.
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  35. The Acquaintance Principle, Aesthetic Judgments, and Conceptual Art.Andrea Sauchelli - 2016 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 50 (1):1-15.
    The Acquaintance Principle is the principle according to which judgements concerning the aesthetic value of a work of art proffered by a critic must be based on the critic’s experience(s) or acquaintance with the work itself. The possible exception to this principle would be experiences obtained through other means of transmissibility, related in a particular way to the work in question, that can eventually provide the critic with an adequate basis for judging the artwork. However, recent philosophers claimed that some (...)
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  36.  6
    Judgments of Ucs Intensity and Diminution of the Ucr in Classical Gsr Conditioning.Ellen Kimmel - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):532.
  37.  5
    Temporal Aspects of Digit and Letter Inequality Judgments.John M. Parkman - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):191.
  38.  9
    Morality Judgments: Tests of an Averaging Model.Michael H. Birnbaum - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):35.
  39.  6
    An Informational Analysis of Absolute Judgments of Loudness.W. R. Garner - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (5):373.
  40.  12
    Assimilation and Contrast Effects of Anchoring Stimuli on Judgments.Muzafer Sherif, Daniel Taub & Carl I. Hovland - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (2):150.
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  41.  3
    How Frequency Affects Recency Judgments: A Model for Recency Discrimination.Arthur J. Flexser & Gordon H. Bower - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):706.
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  42.  3
    Intersensory Comparisons of Temporal Judgments.Sanford Goldstone, William K. Boardman & William T. Lhamon - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (4):243.
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  43.  13
    The Influence of Past Associations Upon Attributive Color Judgments.Katherine E. Baker & Irene Mackintosh - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (4):281.
  44.  7
    Variability of Judgments on Musical Intervals.H. Moran & C. C. Pratt - 1926 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (6):492.
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  45.  6
    Accuracy of Psychophysical Judgments and Physiological Response Amplitude.Robert J. Gatchel & Peter J. Lang - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):175.
  46.  3
    Serial Effects in Auditory Threshold Judgments.William J. McGill - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (5):297.
  47.  6
    Effect of Stimulus Degradation and Similarity on the Trade-Off Between Speed and Accuracy in Absolute Judgments.Robert G. Pachella & Dennis F. Fisher - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):7.
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  48.  8
    Conscious Time Judgments Related to Conditioned Time Intervals and Voluntary Control of the Alpha Rhythm.H. Jasper & C. Shagass - 1941 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (6):503-508.
  49.  2
    Assimilation Vs. Contrast in the Anchoring of Perceptual Judgments of Weight.Allen Parducci & Louise M. Marshall - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):426.
  50.  10
    Equal Weights and Psychophysical Judgments.L. Arons & F. W. Irwin - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):733.
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