Results for 'knowledge by acquaintance'

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  1. The History or Russell's Concepts 'Sense-Data' and 'Knowledge by Acquaintance'.Nikolay Milkov - 2001 - Archiv Fuer Begriffsgeschichte 43:221-231.
    Two concepts of utmost importance for the analytic philosophy of the twentieth century, “sense-data” and “knowledge by acquaintance”, were introduced by Bertrand Russell under the influence of two idealist philosophers: F. H. Bradley and Alexius Meinong. This paper traces the exact history of their introduction. We shall see that between 1896 and 1898, Russell had a fully-elaborated theory of “sense-data”, which he abandoned after his analytic turn of the summer of 1898. Furthermore, following a subsequent turn of August (...)
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  2.  45
    Knowledge by Acquaintance Reconsidered.Augustin Riska - 1980 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 11:129-140.
    A propositional interpretation of knowledge by acquaintance seems more promising than the nonpropositional one, endorsed by Russell. According to the propositional interpretation, to be acquainted with an object means to attend (pay attention) to individuating features of the object. For the actual, direct acquaintance with an object, a subject's perception of the object and his attending to the individuating features of it (just as the fact that these features do belonge to the object in question) are the (...)
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  3. Knowledge by Acquaintance Reconsidered.Augustin Riska - 1980 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 11:129-140.
    A propositional interpretation of knowledge by acquaintance seems more promising than the nonpropositional one, endorsed by Russell. According to the propositional interpretation, to be acquainted with an object means to attend to individuating features of the object. For the actual, direct acquaintance with an object, a subject's perception of the object and his attending to the individuating features of it are the essential factors. Proper names of objects and subject's memory images referring to objects of acquaintance (...)
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  4.  66
    Knowledge by Acquaintance Vs. Description.Ali Hasan & Richard Fumerton - 2014 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  5.  31
    Russell on Knowledge of Universals by Acquaintance.M. Giaquinto - 2012 - Philosophy 87 (04):497-508.
    Russell's book The Problems of Philosophy was first published a hundred years ago.¹ A remarkable feature of this enduring text is the glint of Platonism it presents on a dark empiricist sea: while our knowledge of physical objects is entirely mediated by direct awareness of sense data, we can also have direct awareness of certain universals, Russell claims.² This is questionable, even if one has no empiricist inclination. Universals are abstract, hence causally inert. How, then, can we have any (...)
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  6. Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description.Bertrand Russell - 1910 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 11 (5):108--28.
  7.  18
    13 From Knowledge by Acquaintance to Knowledge by Causation.Thomas Baldwin - 2003 - In Nicholas Griffin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell. Cambridge University Press. pp. 420.
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  8. Knowledge by Acquaintance Vs. Description.Richard Fumerton - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9. Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description.Bertrand Russell - 1917 - In Mysticism and Logic. London: Longmans Green. pp. 152-167.
  10.  43
    Genuine Names and Knowledge by Acquaintance.Keith S. Donnellan - 1990 - Dialectica 44 (1‐2):99-112.
  11. Knowledge by Acquaintance.DeWitt H. Parker - 1945 - Philosophical Review 54 (1):1-18.
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  12.  55
    Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description.John M. DePoe - 2013 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  13. 'Sense Certainty', Or Why Russell Had No 'Knowledge By Acquaintance'.Kenneth Westphal - 2002 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 45:110-123.
     
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  14.  97
    'Knowledge by Acquaintance' in Plato's Theaetetus.R. S. Bluck - 1963 - Mind 72 (286):259-263.
  15.  68
    Knowledge by Acquaintance.Paul Hayner - 1969 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (3):423-431.
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  16. Hume's Commitment to, and Critique of,''Knowledge by Acquaintance'': Some Hegelian Reflections'.K. R. Westphal - 2005 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 51 (52).
  17.  56
    Do We Have Knowledge-by-Acquaintance of the Self?Edgar Sheffield Brightman - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (25):694-696.
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  18.  41
    Knowledge by Acquaintance and 'Knowing What' in Plato's Republic.Nicholas D. Smith - 1979 - Dialogue 18 (3):281-288.
  19. ``A Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description&Quot.John Perry - 1979 - Noûs 13:3-21.
     
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  20.  40
    Meyers on Knowledge by Acquaintance: A Rejoinder.Paul Hayner - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (2):297-298.
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    Knowledge by Acquaintance: A Reply to Hayner.Robert G. Meyers - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (2):293-296.
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  22.  14
    Symposium: Is There "Knowledge by Acquaintance"?G. Dawes Hicks, G. E. Moore, Beatrice Edgell & C. D. Broad - 1919 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 2 (1):159 - 220.
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  23. Is There Knowledge by Acquaintance?H. L. A. Hart, G. E. Hughes & J. N. Findlay - 1949 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 23:69-128.
     
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  24.  8
    Symposium: Is There Knowledge by Acquaintance?H. L. A. Hart, G. E. Hughes & J. N. Findlay - 1949 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 23 (1):69 - 128.
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  25. Is There "Knowledge by Acquaintance"?G. Hicks, G. E. Moore, Beatrice Edgell & C. D. Broad - 1919 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 2:159-220.
     
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  26. Symposium: Is There Knowledge by Acquaintance?H. L. A. Hart, G. E. Hughes & J. N. Findlay - 1949 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 23:69-128.
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  27. Symposium: Is There "Knowledge by Acquaintance"?G. Dawes Hicks, G. E. Moore, Beatrice Edgell & C. D. Broad - 1919 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 2:159-220.
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  28.  31
    Acquaintance, Knowledge, and Logic: New Essays on Bertrand Russell's The Problems of Philosophy.Wishon Donovan & Linsky Bernard (eds.) - 2015 - CSLI Publications.
  29.  31
    The Place of The Problems of Philosophy in Philosophy.Donovan Wishon & Bernard Linsky - 2015 - In Acquaintance, Knowledge, and Logic: New Essays on Bertrand Russell's The Problems of Philosophy.
    This chapter summarizes Russell’s The Problems of Philosophy, presents new biographical details about how and why Russell wrote it, and highlights its continued significance for contemporary philosophy. It also surveys Russell’s famous distinction between “knowledge by acquaintance” and “knowledge by description,” his developing views about our knowledge of physical reality, and his views about our knowledge of logic, mathematics, and other abstract objects.
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  30. Construing Polanyi's Tacit Knowing as Knowing by Acquaintance Rather Than Knowing by Representation.Dale Cannon - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (2):26-43.
    This essay proposes that Polanyi’s tacit knowing – specifically his conception of tacit knowing as cognitive contact with reality – should be construed as fundamentally a knowing by acquaintance – a relational knowing of reality, rather than merely the underlying subsidiary component of explicit representational knowledge. Thus construed, Polanyi’s theory that tacit knowing is foundational to all human knowing is more radical than is often supposed, for it challenges the priority status of explicit representational knowledge relative to (...)
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  31.  19
    A Study in Deflated Acquaintance Knowledge: Sense-Datum Theory and Perceptual Constancy.Derek H. Brown - 2016 - In Sorin Costreie (ed.), Early Analytic Philosophy: New Perspectives on the Tradition. Springer. pp. 99-125.
    We perceive the objective world through a subjective perceptual veil. Various perceived properties, particularly “secondary qualities” like colours and tastes, are mind-dependent. Although mind-dependent, our knowledge of many facts about the perceptual veil is immediate and secure. These are well-known facets of sense-datum theory. My aim is to carve out a conception of sense-datum theory that does not require the immediate and secure knowledge of a wealth of facts about experienced sense-data (§1). Such a theory is of value (...)
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  32. Russellian Acquaintance Revisited.Ian Proops - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):779-811.
    philosophers sometimes claim that in his 1912 work, The Problems of Philosophy (hereafter cited as POP), and possibly as early as “on Denoting” (1905), Russell conceives of acquaintance with sense-data as providing an indubitable or certain foundation for empirical knowledge.1 However, although he does say things suggestive of this view in certain of his 1914 works, Russell also makes remarks in POP that conflict with any Cartesian interpretation of this work.2 He says, for example, that all our (...) of truths “is infected with some degree of doubt, and a theory which ignored this fact would be plainly wrong” (POP 135). And again: “It is of course possible that all or any of our beliefs may be mistaken, and .. (shrink)
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  33.  76
    Russellian Acquaintance and Frege's Puzzle.Donovan Wishon - forthcoming - Mind:fzv193.
    In this paper, I argue that a number of recent Russell interpreters, including Evans, Davidson, Campbell, and Proops, mistakenly attribute to Russell what I call ‘the received view of acquaintance ’: the view that acquaintance safeguards us from misidentifying the objects of our acquaintance. I contend that Russell’s discussions of phenomenal continua cases show that he does not accept the received view of acquaintance. I also show that the possibility of misidentifying the objects of acquaintance (...)
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  34.  71
    Beyond the “Delivery Problem”: Why There is “No Such Thing as a Language”.Patricia Hanna - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (2):343-355.
    In “Practical Knowledge of Language”, C.-h. Tsai criticizes the arguments in “Swimming and Speaking Spanish” (this issue, pp. 331–341), on the grounds that its account of knowledge of language as knowledge-how is mistaken. In its place, he proposes an alternative account in terms of Russell’s concept “knowledge-by-acquaintance”. In this paper, I show that this account succeeds neither in displacing the account in Swimming and Speaking Spanish nor in addressing Tsai’s main concern: solving the “delivery problem”.
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    A função lógica desempenhada pelas fotografias nos pensamentos acerca dos objetos fotografados.Guilherme Ghisoni da Silva - 2016 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 20 (2):29-54.
    The main objective of this paper is to understand the logic role played by photographs in thoughts about entities known only through photographs. I will contrast two general interpretative lines: photography as knowledge by acquaintance and as knowledge by description. The analyses of those interpretations will take into account possible relations with discussions about metaphysics of time and episodic memory. Throughout the paper I will criticize the treatment of photography as acquaintance, based on John Zeimbekis' interpretation. (...)
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  36. Hegel, Russell, and the Foundations of Philosophy.Kenneth R. Westphal - 2010 - In Angelica Nuzzo (ed.), Hegel and the Analytical Tradition. Continuum.
    Though philosophical antipodes, Hegel and Russell were profound philosophical revolutionaries. They both subjected contemporaneous philosophy to searching critique, and they addressed many important issues about the character of philosophy itself. Examining their disagreements is enormously fruitful. Here I focus on one central issue raised in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit: the tenability of the foundationalist model of rational justification. I consider both the general question of the tenability of the foundationalist model itself, and the specific question of the tenability of Russell’s (...)
     
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  37. Practical Knowledge of Language.Cheng-Hung Tsai - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (2):331-341.
    One of the main challenges in the philosophy of language is determining the form of knowledge of the rules of language. Michael Dummett has put forth the view that knowledge of the rules of language is a kind of implicit knowledge; some philosophers have mistakenly conceived of this type of knowledge as a kind of knowledge-that . In a recent paper in this journal, Patricia Hanna argues against Dummett’s knowledge-that view and proposes instead a (...)
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  38.  39
    Perceptual Aquaintance and Informational Content.Donovan Wishon - 2012 - In Miguens & Preyer (eds.), Consciousness and Subjectivity. Ontos Verlag. pp. 47--89.
    Many currently working on a Russellian notion of perceptual acquaintance and its role in perceptual experience (including Campbell 2002a, 2002b, and 2009 and Tye 2009) treat naïve realism and indirect realism as an exhaustive disjunction of possible views. In this paper, I propose a form of direct realism according to which one is directly aware of external objects and their features without perceiving a mind-dependent intermediary and without making any inference. Nevertheless, it also maintains that the qualitative character of (...)
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  39.  32
    Acquaintance, Parsimony, and Epiphenomenalism.Brie Gertler - forthcoming - In Sam Coleman (ed.), The Knowledge Argument Then and Now. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Some physicalists (Balog 2012, Howell 2013), and most dualists, endorse the acquaintance response to the Knowledge Argument. This is the claim that Mary gains substantial new knowledge, upon leaving the room, because phenomenal knowledge requires direct acquaintance with phenomenal properties. The acquaintance response is an especially promising way to make sense of the Mary case. I argue that it casts doubt on two claims often made on behalf of physicalism, regarding parsimony and mental causation. (...)
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  40.  55
    The Role of Attention in Russell's Theory of Knowledge.Fatema Amijee - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (6):1175-1193.
    In his Problems of Philosophy, Bertrand Russell distinguished knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge of truths. This paper argues for a new interpretation of the relationship between these two species of knowledge. I argue that knowledge by acquaintance of an object neither suffices for knowledge that one is acquainted with the object, nor puts a subject in a position to know that she is acquainted with the object. These conclusions emerge from a thorough examination (...)
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  41.  82
    Knowledge of Language in Action.Cheng-Hung Tsai - 2015 - Philosophical Explorations 18 (1):68-89.
    Knowledge of a language is a kind of knowledge, the possession of which enables a speaker to understand and perform a variety of linguistic actions in that language. In this paper, I pursue an agency-oriented approach to knowledge of language. I begin by examining two major agency-oriented models of knowledge of language: Michael Dummett's Implicit Knowledge Model and Jennifer Hornsby's Practical Knowledge Model. I argue that each of these models is inadequate for different reasons. (...)
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  42.  4
    Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Hume's Skepticism and Naturalism Concerning Knowledge and Causation by Graciela De Pierris.Angela Coventry - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4):678-680.
    De Pierris offers a reading that unites radical skepticism and normative naturalism as “two equally important and mutually complementary aspects of Hume’s philosophical position”. The “modern theory of ideas” shapes skepticism, and Newtonian methodology is the basis for naturalism.The “modern theory of ideas” holds that evidence for optimal human cognition is grounded in the “immediate acquaintance with ostensive presentations that are or have been given to the mind”. This is the “presentational-phenomenological model of apprehension”. Descartes introduces to the model (...)
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  43.  77
    The Self and Self-Knowledge, by Annalisa Coliva. [REVIEW]Alisa Mandrigin - 2015 - Mind 124 (495):904-907.
    A review of 'The Self and Self-Knowledge', by Annalisa Coliva. Annalisa Coliva’s collection on self-knowledge brings together papers presented originally at two conferences, the first held in Bigorio, Switzerland in 2004 and the second at the Institute of Philosophy in London in 2008. The collection is divided into three sections. Part One addresses the nature and individuation of the self, with contributions from Carol Rovane, Martine Nida-Rümelin, Christopher Peacocke, and John Campbell. Part Two comprises papers from Jane Heal, (...)
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  44.  7
    Knowledge by Experience. Or Why Physicalism Should Not Be Our Default Position in Consciousness Studies.Alfredo Tomasetta - 2016 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 7 (1):37-47.
    : Current philosophical and scientific approaches to consciousness are very often characterised by a strong background presupposition: whatever the precise details of a theory of consciousness may be, a physicalist – or materialist – view of consciousness itself must be correct. I believe, however, that this conviction, pervasive though it may be, is not really justified. In particular, I think that the arguments offered in favour of the materialist presupposition are weak and unconvincing, and that there is a very strong (...)
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  45.  46
    Philosophical Darwinism: On the Origin of Knowledge by Means of Natural Selection.Peter Munz - 1993 - Routledge.
    Philosophers have not taken the evolution of human beings seriously enough. If they did, argues Peter Munz, many long-standing philosophical problems would be resolved. One of the philosophical consequences of biology is that all the knowledge produced in evolution is a priori established hypothetically by chance mutation and selective retention rather than by observation and intelligent induction. For organisms as embodied theories, selection is natural. For theories as disembodied organisms, it is artificial. Following Karl Popper, the growth of (...) is seen to be continuous from "the amoeba to Einstein." Philosophical Darwinism brings perspective to contemporary debates. It has far-reaching implications for cognitive science and artificial intelligence, and questions attempts from the field of biology to reduce mental events to neural processes. Most importantly, it provides a rational postmodern alternative to what the author views as the unreasonable postmodern theories of Kuhn, Lyotard, and Rorty. (shrink)
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  46. Knowledge by Imagination - How Imaginative Experience Can Ground Knowledge.Fabian Dorsch - forthcoming - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy.
    In this article, I defend the view that we can acquire factual knowledge – that is, contingent propositional knowledge about certain (perceivable) aspects of reality – on the basis of imaginative experience. More specifically, I argue that, under suitable circumstances, imaginative experiences can rationally determine the propositional content of knowledge-constituting beliefs – though not their attitude of belief – in roughly the same way as perceptual experiences do in the case of perceptual knowledge. I also highlight (...)
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  47. Moral Knowledge by Perception.Sarah McGrath - 2004 - Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):209–228.
    On the face of it, some of our knowledge is of moral facts (for example, that this promise should not be broken in these circumstances), and some of it is of non-moral facts (for example, that the kettle has just boiled). But, some argue, there is reason to believe that we do not, after all, know any moral facts. For example, according to J. L. Mackie, if we had moral knowledge (‘‘if we were aware of [objective values]’’), ‘‘it (...)
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  48. Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology.Martin Kusch - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Martin Kusch puts forth two controversial ideas: that knowledge is a social status and that knowledge is primarily the possession of groups rather than individuals. He defends the radical implications of his views: that knowledge is political, and that it varies with communities. This bold approach to epistemology is a challenge to philosophy and the wider academic world.
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  49. Self-Knowledge.Brie Gertler - 2011 - Routledge.
    The problem of self-knowledge is one of the most fascinating in all of philosophy and has crucial significance for the philosophy of mind and epistemology. Gertler assesses the leading theoretical approaches to self-knowledge, explaining the work of many of the key figures in the field: from Descartes and Kant, through to Bertrand Russell and Gareth Evans, as well as recent work by Tyler Burge, David Chalmers, William Lycan and Sydney Shoemaker. -/- Beginning with an outline of the distinction (...)
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  50.  44
    Knowledge by Hearsay.John McDowell - 1994 - In A. Chakrabarti & B. K. Matilal (eds.), Knowing From Words. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 195--224.
    Language matters to epistemology for two separate reasons (although they are no doubt connected) -/- My interest in testimony derives from Gareth Evans, as does my conviction that it cannot be accommodated by the sort of account of knowledge which I attack in this paper. I believe I also owe to him my interest in the sorts of case I discuss in §4 below, where knowledge is retained under the risk that what would have been knowledge if (...)
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