Results for 'language'

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  1.  21
    Language, Thought and Consciousness: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology.Greg Jarrett & Peter Carruthers - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):315.
    Carruthers offers a refreshing piece of “substantive philosophy.” Going beyond the limitations of pure analysis, he adopts a methodology which is one part analysis, one part empirical data, and a heavy dose of inference to the best explanation. The overarching goal is to advance the commonsense—yet unfashionable—thesis that natural language is the primary medium of thought, and to defend the related cognitive conception of NL. In particular, Carruthers argues that imaginative phonological representations of “inner speech” are constitutive of conscious (...)
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  2.  23
    Language and Music as Cognitive Systems.Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins & Ian Cross (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    The past 15 years have witnessed an increasing interest in the comparative study of language and music as cognitive systems. This book presents an interdisciplinary study of language and music, exploring the following core areas - structural comparisons, evolution, learning and processing, and neuroscience.
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  3. Language as Calculus Vs. Language as Universal Medium a Study in Husserl, Heidegger, and Gadamer.Martin Kusch - 1989
  4.  51
    Wittgenstein: Language and World.John V. Canfield - 1981 - University of Massachusetts Press.
    Language Games 2 This chapter provides some background necessary for subsequent discussions by sketching in the idea of a language game, thereby giving a ...
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  5.  52
    Language and Loneliness: Arendt, Cavell, and Modernity.Martin Shuster - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (4):473-497.
    Abstract Many have been struck by Hannah Arendt?s remarks on loneliness in the concluding pages of The Origins of Totalitarianism, but very few have attempted to deal with the remarks in any systematic way. What is especially striking about this state of affairs is that the remarks are crucial to the account contained therein, as they betray a view of agency that undergirds the rest of the account. This article develops Arendt?s thinking on loneliness throughout her corpus, showing how loneliness (...)
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  6. How We Learn Mathematical Language.Vann McGee - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (1):35-68.
    Mathematical realism is the doctrine that mathematical objects really exist, that mathematical statements are either determinately true or determinately false, and that the accepted mathematical axioms are predominantly true. A realist understanding of set theory has it that when the sentences of the language of set theory are understood in their standard meaning, each sentence has a determinate truth value, so that there is a fact of the matter whether the cardinality of the continuum is א2 or whether there (...)
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  7.  15
    Language, Mind, and Knowledge.Richard E. Grandy - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):644-648.
  8. Consciousness and Language.John R. Searle - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    One of the most important and influential philosophers of the last 30 years, John Searle has been concerned throughout his career with a single overarching question: how can we have a unified and theoretically satisfactory account of ourselves and of our relations to other people and to the natural world? In other words, how can we reconcile our common-sense conception of ourselves as conscious, free, mindful, rational agents in a world that we believe comprises brute, unconscious, mindless, meaningless, mute physical (...)
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  9.  11
    [Foreign Language Ignored].[Foreign Language Ignored] - 1973 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 19 (30):453-468.
  10. Second-Language Teachers' Moral Knowledge Base: A Comparison Between Experienced and Less Experienced, Male and Female Practitioners.Ramin Akbari & Leila Tajik - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (1):39-59.
    The second-language teacher education community has become increasingly interested in the moral dimensions of teaching. Herein ELT practitioners? ?moral knowledge base?, as a window into their mental lives, has not received the attention it deserves. The present study was conducted to document likely differences between the frequencies of pedagogical and moral thought units of male and female, experienced and less experienced teachers, and to look deeply into participants? moral thought categories. Forty teachers participated in the project. Data were collected (...)
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  11.  47
    How We Learn Mathematical Language.Vann McGee - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (1):35-68.
    Mathematical realism is the doctrine that mathematical objects really exist, that mathematical statements are either determinately true or determinately false, and that the accepted mathematical axioms are predominantly true. A realist understanding of set theory has it that when the sentences of the language of set theory are understood in their standard meaning, each sentence has a determinate truth value, so that there is a fact of the matter whether the cardinality of the continuum is א2 or whether there (...)
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  12. Mind, Language and Reality: Philosophical Papers.Hilary Putnam - 1975 - Cambridge University Press.
    Professor Hilary Putnam has been one of the most influential and sharply original of recent American philosophers in a whole range of fields. His most important published work is collected here, together with several new and substantial studies, in two volumes. The first deals with the philosophy of mathematics and of science and the nature of philosophical and scientific enquiry; the second deals with the philosophy of language and mind. Volume one is now issued in a new edition, including (...)
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  13. The Language of Thought.Jerry A. Fodor - 1975 - Harvard University Press.
    INTRODUCTION: TWO KINDS OF RLDUCTIONISM The man who laughs is the one who has not yet heard the terrible news. BERTHOLD BRECHT I propose, in this book, ...
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  14. Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1984 - MIT Press.
    Preface by Daniel C. Dennett Beginning with a general theory of function applied to body organs, behaviors, customs, and both inner and outer representations, ...
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  15.  1
    Olfactory Language: Context Is Everything.Jonas K. Olofsson & Stephen Pierzchajlo - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (6):419-420.
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  16. Natural Language and Natural Selection.Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):707-27.
    Many people have argued that the evolution of the human language faculty cannot be explained by Darwinian natural selection. Chomsky and Gould have suggested that language may have evolved as the by-product of selection for other abilities or as a consequence of as-yet unknown laws of growth and form. Others have argued that a biological specialization for grammar is incompatible with every tenet of Darwinian theory – that it shows no genetic variation, could not exist in any intermediate (...)
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  17.  15
    Children with Specific Language Impairment.Laurence B. Leonard - 2000 - Bradford.
    The book highlights important research strategies in the quest to find thecause of SLI and to develop methods of prevention and treatment.
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  18. Language, Counter-Memory, Practice. Selected Essays and Interviews.Michel Foucault - 1977 - Cornell University Press.
    Language and the birth of "literature." A preface to transgression. Language to infinity. The father's "no." Fantasia of the library.--Counter-memory: the philosophy of difference. What is an author? Nietzsche, genealogy, history. Theatrum philosophicum.--Practice: knowledge and power. History of systems of thought. Intellectuals and power. Revolutionary action: "until now.".
     
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  19. The Language of Morals.Richard M. Hare - 1952 - Oxford Clarendon Press.
    Part I The Imperative Mood 'Virtue, then, is a disposition governing our choices '. ARISTOTLE, Eth. Nic. 36 Prescriptive Language. ...
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  20.  33
    Is Language a Primary Modeling System? On Juri Lotman’s Concept of Semiosphere.Han-Liang Chang - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (1):9-22.
    Juri Lotman’s well-known distinction of primary modeling system versus secondary modeling system is a lasting legacy of his that has been adhered to, modified, and refuted by semioticians of culture and nature. Adherence aside, modifications and refutations have focused on the issue whether or not language is a primary modeling system, and, if not, what alternatives can be made available to replace it. As Sebeok would concur, for both biosemiosis and anthroposemiosis, language can only be a secondary modeling (...)
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  21. Language and Learning: The Debate Between Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky.Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini (ed.) - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
    Introduction: How hard is the "hard core" of a scientific program? / Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini -- pt. 1. The debate: 1. Opening the debate: The psychogenesis of knowledge and its epistemological significance / Jean Piaget -- On cognitive structures and their development: a reply to Piaget / Noam Chomsky -- 2. About the fixed nucleus and its innateness: Introductory remarks / Jean Piaget -- Cognitive strategies in problem solving / Guy Cellerier -- Some clarifications on innatism and constructivism / Guy Cellerier (...)
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  22. Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering.Herman Cappelen - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Herman Cappelen investigates how language and other representational devices can go wrong, and how to fix them. We use language to understand and talk about the world, but what if our language has deficiencies that prevent it from playing that role? How can we revise our concepts, and what are the limits on revision?
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  23. Language and Problems of Knowledge.Noam Chomsky - 1988 - MIT Press.
    Language and Problems of Knowledge is sixteenth in the series Current Studies in Linguistics, edited by Jay Keyser.
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  24. Language: A Biological Model.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2005 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Ruth Millikan is well known for having developed a strikingly original way for philosophers to seek understanding of mind and language, which she sees as biological phenomena. She now draws together a series of groundbreaking essays which set out her approach to language. Guiding the work of most linguists and philosophers of language today is the assumption that language is governed by prescriptive normative rules. Millikan offers a fundamentally different way of viewing the partial regularities that (...)
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  25.  81
    Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language.Michael Devitt & Kim Sterelny - 1999 - Wiley.
    Completely revised and updated in its Second Edition, _Language and Reality_ provides students, philosophers and cognitive scientists with a lucid and provocative introduction to the philosophy of language.
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  26.  1
    Foreign Language Ignored.[Foreign Language Ignored] [Foreign Language Ignored]C. C. C. P. - 1973 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 19 (30):453-468.
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  27.  5
    [Foreign Language Ignored].[Foreign Language Ignored] [Foreign Language Ignored] - 1973 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 19 (26-29):435-446.
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  28.  48
    Language, Music and Mind.Georges Rey - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (4):641.
    The central point of Raffman’s discussion is to distinguish the perception, knowledge, and effability of the standard chromatic “categorical” pitch events from what she calls “nuance” pitch events—events whose individuation is more fine-grained than C-events, and which seem to resist reliable, psychologically available categorization. Thus, two pitches a quarter-tone apart may be classified as the same C-event, even though they are different N-events. Experimental evidence suggests that whereas people are quite good at recall and discrimination of C-events, they are considerably (...)
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  29.  17
    Language, Counter-Memory, Practice.James Mall - 1979 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (3):369-372.
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  30. Poetry, Language, Thought.Martin Heidegger - 1971 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (1):117-123.
     
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  31. Language as Shaped by the Brain.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes (...)
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  32. Truth, Language and History.Donald Davidson - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Truth, Language, and History is the much-anticipated final volume of Donald Davidson's philosophical writings. In four groups of essays, Davidson continues to explore the themes that occupied him for more than fifty years: the relations between language and the world; speaker intention and linguistic meaning; language and mind; mind and body; mind and world; mind and other minds. He asks: what is the role of the concept of truth in these explorations? And, can a scientific world view (...)
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  33. Language Acquisition in the Absence of Experience.Stephen Crain - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):597-612.
    A fundamental goal of linguistic theory is to explain how natural languages are acquired. This paper describes some recent findings on how learners acquire syntactic knowledge for which there is little, if any, decisive evidence from the environment. The first section presents several general observations about language acquisition that linguistic theory has tried to explain and discusses the thesis that certain linguistic properties are innate because they appear universally and in the absence of corresponding experience. A third diagnostic for (...)
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  34.  38
    Language, Tools and Brain: The Ontogeny and Phylogeny of Hierarchically Organized Sequential Behavior.Patricia M. Greenfield - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):531-551.
    During the first two years of human life a common neural substrate underlies the hierarchical organization of elements in the development of speech as well as the capacity to combine objects manually, including tool use. Subsequent cortical differentiation, beginning at age two, creates distinct, relatively modularized capacities for linguistic grammar and more complex combination of objects. An evolutionary homologue of the neural substrate for language production and manual action is hypothesized to have provided a foundation for the evolution of (...)
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  35. Natural Language Ontology.Friederike Moltmann - 2017 - Oxford Encyclopedia of Linguistics.
    The aim of natural language ontology is to uncover the ontological categories and structures that are implicit in the use of natural language, that is, that a speaker accepts when using a language. This article aims to clarify what exactly the subject matter of natural language ontology is, what sorts of linguistic data it should take into account, how natural language ontology relates to other branches of metaphysics, in what ways natural language ontology is (...)
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  36.  5
    Language in the World: A Philosophical Inquiry.Jennifer Saul - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):262.
    This book’s purpose is to examine the source of semantic facts—broadly, to explain why our words have the meanings they do. Cresswell takes this explanation to lie in a complicated web of causal interactions on which semantic facts supervene. He makes three main claims about these causal interactions: the causation involved is best analyzed by Lewisian counterfactuals, themselves analyzed by possible worlds; they are so complicated as to preclude reduction of semantic facts to nonsemantic ones; and the lack of a (...)
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  37.  51
    Language and Time.Quentin Smith - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a defense of the tensed theory of time, a critique of the New Theory of Reference, and an argument that simultaneity is absolute. Although Smith rejects ordinary language philosophy, he shows how it is possible to argue from the nature of language to the nature of reality. Specifically, he argues that semantic properties of tensed sentences are best explained by the hypothesis that they ascribe to events temporal properties of futurity, presentness, or pastness and do (...)
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  38.  59
    Language and Other Abstract Objects.Jerrold J. Katz - 1980 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  39. Logic, Language-Games and Information: Kantian Themes in the Philosophy of Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1973 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    I LOGIC IN PHILOSOPHY— PHILOSOPHY OF LOGIC i. On the relation of logic to philosophy I n this book, the consequences of certain logical insights for ...
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  40. Language and Nature.Noam Chomsky - 1995 - Mind 104 (413):1-61.
  41.  33
    Language in Social Reproduction: Sociolinguistics and Sociosemiotics.Patrizia Calefato - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (1/2):43-80.
    This paper focuses on the semiotic foundations of sociolinguistics. Starting from the definition of “sociolinguistics” given by the philosopher Adam Schaff, the paper examines in particular the notion of “critical sociolinguistics” as theorized by the Italian semiotician Ferruccio Rossi-Landi. The basis of the social dimension of language are to be found in what Rossi-Landi calls “social reproduction” which regards both verbal and non-verbal signs. Saussure’s notionof langue can be considered in this way, with reference not only to his Course (...)
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  42.  24
    Language, Essence, Falsification: Critical Rationalism and the Grounds of Political and Rhetorical Discussion.Eduardo Neiva - 2002 - American Journal of Semiotics 18 (1/4):173-192.
    The paper examines the impact of the idea of falsification in Karl Popper’s philosophy of science to rhetorical and political discussion. The structure of language is considered as revealing an inescapable means of falsification. After criticizing the rhetorical tradition that goes way back to Platonic and Aristotelian essentialism, the paper concludes that critical negativity committed to solving social issues should be at the core of rhetorical interaction in any democracy. Falsification and not social unanimity is what empowers democratic practices.
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  43. Language and Thought.Noam Chomsky - 1993 - Moyer Bell.
     
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  44. Symbol Grounding and the Origin of Language.Stevan Harnad - 2002 - In Matthias Scheutz (ed.), Computationalism: New Directions. MIT Press.
    What language allows us to do is to "steal" categories quickly and effortlessly through hearsay instead of having to earn them the hard way, through risky and time-consuming sensorimotor "toil" (trial-and-error learning, guided by corrective feedback from the consequences of miscategorisation). To make such linguistic "theft" possible, however, some, at least, of the denoting symbols of language must first be grounded in categories that have been earned through sensorimotor toil (or else in categories that have already been "prepared" (...)
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  45.  96
    Language, Thought and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism.Kent Bach - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):477-478.
  46.  74
    The Language Bioprogram Hypothesis.Derek Bickerton - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):173.
  47.  8
    Language and Law: Brevity and Drafting in Law, Business, and the Social Sciences.Joseph Shattah - 2019 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 58 (1):155-171.
    In this paper, the author intends to present an approach against lengthy contracts, judgements, and pleadings. He describes the advantages of brevity, conciseness, and plain English, focusing on research in Israel and abroad. An extreme example of how a whole page may be condensed into one sentence is provided by the author, as well as the opinion of a Supreme Court Chief Justice regarding methods to be used in writing good judgments, and a lawyer’s proposal to summarize pleadings. In the (...)
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  48.  49
    Language Evolution by Iterated Learning With Bayesian Agents.Thomas L. Griffiths & Michael L. Kalish - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):441-480.
    Languages are transmitted from person to person and generation to generation via a process of iterated learning: people learn a language from other people who once learned that language themselves. We analyze the consequences of iterated learning for learning algorithms based on the principles of Bayesian inference, assuming that learners compute a posterior distribution over languages by combining a prior (representing their inductive biases) with the evidence provided by linguistic data. We show that when learners sample languages from (...)
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  49.  10
    Symbolic Worlds: Art, Science, Language, Ritual.Stephen Davies & Israel Scheffler - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):430.
    Symbolic Worlds contains fifteen chapters, with all but the first published between 1972 and 1996. The unifying theme concerns aspects of the symbolic function in language, science, art, ritual, and play. The approach is nominalist and heavily influenced by the work of Nelson Goodman.
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  50. Totalitarian Language: Orwell's Newspeak and its Nazi and Communist Antecedents.John Wesley Young - 1994 - Utopian Studies 5 (2):195-197.
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