Results for 'latin america'

998 found
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  1.  39
    Science and Religion in Latin America: Developments and Prospects.Ignacio Silva - 2015 - Zygon 50 (2):480-502.
    The state of the debate surrounding issues on science and religion in Latin America is mostly unknown, both to regional and extra-regional scholars. This article presents and reviews in some detail the developments since 2000, when the first symposium on science and religion was held in Mexico, up to the present. I briefly introduce some features of Latin American academia and higher education institutions, as well as some trends in the public reception of these debates and atheist (...)
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  2.  5
    Framing Latin America in the Spanish Press: A Cooled Down Friendship Between Two Fraternal Lands.Carlos Muňiz, Lifen Cheng & Juan José Igartua - 2005 - Communications 30 (3):359-372.
    This study focuses on a news framing analysis of Latin America and Latin Americans in the Spanish press. For this purpose 1,271 news articles with different Latin American countries or their citizens as main actors were examined. These news stories had been published by the main Spanish newspapers in 1999. The results reveal that attribution of responsibility, human interest, and conflict constitute the prevailing frames used by the Spanish press. Furthermore, significant differences in the considered variables (...)
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  3.  3
    Innovative Care in Latin America: Definition, Justification and Ethical Principles.Ignacio Mastroleo & Felicitas Holzer - 2019 - In Eduardo Rivera-López & Martin Hevia (eds.), Controversies in Latin American Bioethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 145-176.
    The term “innovation” or “innovative care” has recently gained attention in the context of the use of novel and not yet fully validated medical interventions and technologies. Most notably, there have been various incidences of medical activities insufficiently validated for its regular use in healthcare that fall into this category, such as stem cell treatments, genome sequencing for diagnostic purposes, or novel reproductive technologies. Latin American countries are among the places where new and non-validated medical activities take place, notably (...)
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  4.  84
    Business Ethics in Latin America.Arruda M. Cecilia - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (14):1597-1603.
    Business ethics is a relatively new topic of academic discussion in Latin America. Corruption and impunity came to be serious moral diseases in the region, probably as a result of a long period of dictatorship in most countries. Low ethical standards in the politics have had deep impact on individuals, organizations and economic systems. Excessive consumption, materialism and selfishness, in contrast with real poverty, have been responsible for a sloppiness in attitudes and principles in many Latin American (...)
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  5.  25
    Mimetic Theory and Latin America: Reception and Anticipations.João Cezar de Castro Rocha - 2014 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 21:75-120.
    The task of mapping the reception of mimetic theory in Latin America presents two challenges. On the one hand, rather than looking at just one country, this study has to take into account a mosaic of nations making up a continent, each with their own local diversities and particular complexities. Such circumstances impose specific rhythms onto the assimilation of Girardian thought, and being aware of these rhythms is vital to understanding the precise impact of mimetic theory. On the (...)
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  6.  11
    Mapping Bioethics in Latin America: History, Theoretical Models, and Scientific Output.Lucas F. Garcia, Marcia S. Fernandes, Jonathan D. Moreno & Jose R. Goldim - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (3):323-331.
    Objective: To present a narrative review of the history of bioethics in Latin America and of scientific output in this interdisciplinary field. Methods: This was a mixed-methods study. Results: A total of 1458 records were retrieved, of which 1167 met the inclusion criteria. According to the Web of Science classification, the predominant topics of study were medical ethics, social sciences and medicine, and environmental and public health topics. Four themes of bioethics output in the Latin American literature (...)
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  7.  18
    Posthegemony: Political Theory and Latin America.Jon Beasley-Murray - 2010 - University of Minnesota Press.
  8.  29
    Mathematical Logic in Latin America: Proceedings of the IV Latin American Symposium on Mathematical Logic Held in Santiago, December 1978.Ayda I. Arruda, R. Chuaqui & Newton C. A. Costa (eds.) - 1980 - Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier North-Holland.
    (or not oveA-complete.) . Let * be a unary operator defined on the set F of formulas of the language £ (ie, if A is a formula of £, then *A is also a ...
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  9. Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America.Adam Przeworski - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    The quest for freedom from hunger and repression has triggered in recent years a dramatic, worldwide reform of political and economic systems. Never have so many people enjoyed, or at least experimented with democratic institutions. However, many strategies for economic development in Eastern Europe and Latin America have failed with the result that entire economic systems on both continents are being transformed. This major book analyzes recent transitions to democracy and market-oriented economic reforms in Eastern Europe and (...) America. Drawing in a quite distinctive way on models derived from political philosophy, economics, and game theory, Professor Przeworski also considers specific data on individual countries. Among the questions raised by the book are: What should we expect from these experiments in democracy and market economy? What new economic systems will emerge? Will these transitions result in new democracies or old dictatorships? (shrink)
     
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  10. Latin America and the Idea of Europe.José Luis Romero & Victor A. Velen - 1964 - Diogenes 12 (47):75-82.
  11.  23
    Female Sterilization in Latin America: Cross-National Perspectives.Iúri da Costa Leite, Neeru Gupta & Roberto Do Nascimento Rodrigues - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (6):683-698.
    Fertility levels have dropped substantially in Latin America in recent decades, fuelled by increased contraceptive use and notably a method mix skewed towards female sterilization. This study examined choice of female sterilization in four Latin American countries: Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic and Peru. Data were drawn from national Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 1995s reproductive histories to consider the effects of a number of sociodemographic and contextual determinants as they pertained to status at the moment (...)
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  12.  61
    From Iran to Latin America: Must Prenatal Diagnosis Necessarily Be Provided With Abortion for Congenital Abnormalities?Daniel Sperling - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):61-63.
  13.  18
    Innovative Practice in Latin America: Medical Tourism and the Crowding Out of Research.Felicitas Holzer & Ignacio Mastroleo - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):42-44.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 42-44.
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  14.  13
    Feminist Philosophy in Latin America and Spain.María Luisa Femenías & Amy A. Oliver (eds.) - 2007 - Rodopi.
    This book demonstrates the vast range of philosophical approaches, regional issues and problems, perspectives, and historical and theoretical frameworks that together constitute feminist philosophy in Latin America and Spain. It makes available to English-Speaking readers recent feminist thought in Latin America and Spain to facilitate dialogue among Latin American, North American, and European thinkers.
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  15.  27
    Latin America's Prospects and Alternatives Vis-a-Vis World Problems.Victor Urquidi, Vicente Sanchez & Eduardo Terrazas - 1982 - World Futures 18 (1):41-70.
    (1982). Latin America's prospects and alternatives vis‐a‐vis world problems. World Futures: Vol. 18, Alternatives for Humankind: The Role of Latin America, pp. 41-70.
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  16.  54
    A Value-Based Framework for Understanding Managerial Tolerance of Bribery in Latin America.Juan I. Sanchez, Carolina Gomez & Guillermo Wated - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):341-352.
    The cross-cultural literature is reviewed and integrated together with attitude theories, thereby outlining a model through which certain values influence the intervening variables that ultimately lead managers to tolerate employee bribery. The case of Latin America is employed to illustrate how regionally dominant cultural values may shape managers' attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control, which in turn affect tolerance of employee bribery. A series of research propositions and practical recommendations are derived from the model.
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  17. Latin America and Postmodernity a Comtemporary Reader.Pedro Lange-Churion & Eduardo Mendieta (eds.) - 2001 - Humanity Books.
    This collection brings together some of Latin America's most important thinkers and writers, making available in one volume classic and recent essays that address the question of postmodernity in Latin America. Here readers can find Octavio Paz's Nobel Prize speech, Leopoldo Zea's recent observations on postmodernity and the question of revolution in Mexico, Enrique Dussel's seminal discussion of modernity and the rise of world capitalism, Walter Mignolo's discussion of the relationship between cultural hegemony and control over (...)
     
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  18.  35
    Modernization and Juridification in Latin America: A Reassessment of the Latin American Developmental Path.Enrique Peruzzotti - 1999 - Thesis Eleven 58 (1):59-82.
    What is the distinctive trait of the Latin American pattern of modernization? In contrast to western societies, where the debate on modernization has been dominated by the Weberian thematic of bureaucratiz-ation, the most salient feature of the Latin American developmental path is the chronic frailty of legal-constitutional arrangements. In Latin America, the process of modernization and social differentiation has not been followed by the legal stabilization of social complexity but is characterized by a low degree of (...)
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  19.  9
    Latin America: Three Responses to a New Historical Situation.Richard Shaull - 1992 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 46 (3):261-270.
    As poor people in Latin America rapidly emerge as a new social class, they are creating a new situation that calls for the church to become a “church of the poor.”.
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  20.  1
    Latin America: The Region Without Catalonia.Tomasz Rudowski & Piotr Sieniawski - 2020 - International Studies. Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal 25 (1):111-128.
    The aim of this article is to analyse the issue of “weak separatism” in Latin America as well as to give an answer to the question why there are no significant separatist movements in this region. The authors provide the definitions of separatism and secessionism as well as an explanation of these phenomena. Moreover, they present an overview of historical and contemporary separatist movements in Latin America. Based on Horowitz’s theory of ethnic separatism, the authors attempt (...)
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  21.  15
    Philosophical Feminism in Latin America and Spain: An Introduction.Ofelia Schutte - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (1):142-146.
    Introduction to the special cluster of feminist philosophy papers from Spain and Latin America.
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  22.  15
    Ethics and Genetics in Latin America.Eduardo Rivera-Loez - 2002 - Developing World Bioethics 2 (1):11-20.
    Genetic research in human beings poses deep ethical problems, one being the problem of distributive justice. If we suppose that genetic technologies are able to produce visible benefits for the well being of people, and that these benefits are affordable to only a favored portion of society, then the consequence is obvious. We are introducing a new source of inequality. In the first section of this paper, I attempt to justify some concern for the distributive consequences of applying genetics to (...)
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  23. Philosophy and Feminism in Latin-America, Perspectives on Gender Identity and Culture.Ofelia Schutte - 1988 - Philosophical Forum 20 (1-2):62-84.
  24.  34
    Survey of Teaching, Training, and Research in the Field of Economic and Business Ethics in Latin America.Álvaro Pezoa Bissières & María Paz Riumalló Herl - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (S1):43-50.
    The purpose of this investigation is to indicate the current status of Economic and Business Ethics (BE) in Latin America (LA) as part of a broader global study. The investigation done shows that, in general terms, LA is not much developed in the BE field. Analysing the most important findings it is possible to conclude that more topics are being studied and that activities are growing in the field of BE in LA. However, it is also clear that (...)
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  25.  25
    Populations of Cognition: Practices of Inquiry Into Human Populations in Latin America.Edna Suárez-Díaz, Vivette García-Deister & Emily E. Vasquez - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (5):551-563.
    In this special issue we explore practices of scientific inquiry into human populations in Latin America in order to generate new insights into the complex historical and sociopolitical dynamics that have made certain human groups integral to the production of scientific knowledge in and about the region. In important contributions, other scholars have shown that the science of human difference is racist and all too often has been a mediator of development ideologies. To further unpack these arguments we (...)
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  26.  30
    Multinational Firms’ Leadership Role in Corporate Social Responsibility in Latin America.Gladys Torres-Baumgarten & Veysel Yucetepe - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):217-224.
    This paper explores the commitment to corporate citizenship on the part of the largest U.S.-based multinationals in the emerging market region of Latin America. The websites of the largest U.S.-based firms - according to the 2007 Fortune 500 list - are reviewed and their CSR efforts in Latin America are noted. The firms' positions on corporate citizenship in Latin America are mapped onto a three-by-three matrix in which firms' commitment to corporate citizenship ranges from (...)
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  27.  19
    Paulo Freire’s Ideas as an Alternative to Higher Education Neo-Liberal Reforms in Latin America.Oscar Espinoza - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (4):435-448.
    This article examines the principal arguments found in the work of Paulo Freire concerning policy and ethics in the field of higher education in Latin America. It critically analyzes the university reform in Latin America dominated by the thought and practice promoted by various international financial institutions beginning in the 1980s and then looks at the feasibility of an alternative Freirian view. The work of Paulo Freire celebrated the liberating role that public university education should play (...)
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  28.  3
    The Welfare State Amid Crime: How Victimization and Perceptions of Insecurity Affect Social Policy Preferences in Latin America and the Caribbean.Sandra Ley, Sarah Berens & Melina Altamirano - 2020 - Politics and Society 48 (3):389-422.
    Criminal violence is one of the most pressing problems in Latin America and the Caribbean, with profound political consequences. Its effects on social policy preferences, however, remain largely unexplored. This article argues that to understand such effects it is crucial to analyze victimization experiences and perceptions of insecurity as separate phenomena with distinct attitudinal consequences. Heightened perceptions of insecurity are associated with a reduced demand for public welfare provision, as such perceptions reflect a sense of the state’s failure (...)
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  29. Militarizing Latin America.Noam Chomsky - unknown
    Throughout, Latin America retained its primacy in global planning. As Washington was considering the overthrow of the Allende government in Chile in 1971, Nixon's National Security Council observed that if the US cannot control Latin America, it cannot expect "to achieve a successful order elsewhere in the world." That policy problem has become more severe with recent South American moves towards integration, a prerequisite for independence, and establishment of more varied international ties, while also beginning to (...)
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  30.  12
    Representing Latin America Through Pre-Columbian Art.João Feres - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (7-8):182-207.
    Latin America has often been represented by images of pre-Columbian artifacts and artwork on book covers and in other printed materials produced by Latin American studies. This article tries to show that there are strong connections between this type of representation and the semantics of Latin America both in everyday English language and in the discourses of the social sciences. First, the author reviews the history of the concept of Latin America in everyday (...)
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  31. Philosophy in Latin America in the Twentieth Century: Problems and Currents.Enrique Dussel - 2003 - In Eduardo Mendieta (ed.), Latin American Philosophy: Currents, Issues, Debates. Indiana University Press.
  32.  25
    Philosophical Analysis in Latin America.Jorge J. E. Gracia - 1984 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 1 (1):111 - 122.
  33. Latin America and Asia Are at Last Breaking Free of Washington's Grip.Noam Chomsky - unknown
    Regional integration in Asia and Latin America is a crucial and increasingly important issue that, from Washington's perspective, betokens a defiant world gone out of control. Energy, of course, remains a defining factor - the object of contention - everywhere.
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  34. Latin America Declares Independence.Noam Chomsky - unknown
    The mechanisms of imperial control - violence and economic warfare, hardly a distant memory in Latin America - are losing their effectiveness, a sign of the shift toward independence. Washington is now compelled to tolerate governments that in the past would have drawn intervention or reprisal.
     
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  35. Review: Latin America and Contemporary Modernity: A Sociological Interpretation. [REVIEW]Daniel Chernilo - 2010 - Thesis Eleven 102 (1):116-119.
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  36. Latin America: Culture and Poverty.Kathinka Tabourin & Alberto Wagner de Reyna - 1984 - Diogenes 32 (126):39-51.
  37.  16
    Latin America's Electoral Turn: Left, Right, and Wrong.Marcelo Leiras - 2007 - Constellations 14 (3):398-408.
  38.  38
    Latin America in World Politics.Marie R. Madden - 1928 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 3 (2):331-336.
  39.  62
    Latin America and the U.S. After 9/11.Eduardo Mendieta - 2005 - Radical Philosophy Review 8 (2):171-185.
  40. Latin America and America Conjuncture and Growth.Pierre Chaunu & Suzanne Hughes - 1963 - Diogenes 11 (43):115-139.
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  41.  33
    Latin America's Initiative for the World's Future.Aurelio Peccei - 1982 - World Futures 18 (1):1-5.
  42. On Latin America—an Exchange.Paul Piccone, Alberto Buela & Antonio Burr - 2003 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2003 (126):175-182.
     
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  43. Latin-America as a Totality.Rv Rodriguez - 1993 - Filosoficky Casopis 41 (1):59-72.
  44. LogoLink Latin America: Legal and Policy Frameworks for Citizen Participation.Nelson Saule, Alejandra Meraz Velasco Júnior, Zuleika Arashiro & Polis Brazil - 2002 - Polis 26.
  45.  7
    Comparative Analysis of the Emerging Projects in Latin America After the Crisis of the Neoliberal Modernity Project in the Early 21st Century.Gustavo Morales - 2018 - Thesis Eleven 149 (1):48-66.
    This article provides a comparative and interpretative analysis of the emerging projects in Latin America after the crisis of the neoliberal modernity project. It offers a critical interpretation of the current tendencies in Latin American politics at the national level, while suggesting some hints to understand the current neoliberal crisis in Western countries after Trump’s electoral triumph. The purpose is to figure out the collective meanings behind the new national projects in Latin America that are (...)
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  46.  52
    A Comparative Analysis of Biomedical Research Ethics Regulation Systems in Europe and Latin America with Regard to the Protection of Human Subjects.E. Lamas, M. Ferrer, A. Molina, R. Salinas, A. Hevia, A. Bota, D. Feinholz, M. Fuchs, R. Schramm, J. -C. Tealdi & S. Zorrilla - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):750-753.
    The European project European and Latin American Systems of Ethics Regulation of Biomedical Research Project (EULABOR) has carried out the first comparative analysis of ethics regulation systems for biomedical research in seven countries in Europe and Latin America, evaluating their roles in the protection of human subjects. We developed a conceptual and methodological framework defining ‘ethics regulation system for biomedical research’ as a set of actors, institutions, codes and laws involved in overseeing the ethics of biomedical research (...)
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  47. Marxism in Latin-America.Adolfo Sanchezvazquez - 1988 - Philosophical Forum 20 (1-2):114-128.
     
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  48.  24
    Global Modernization, `Coloniality' and a Critical Sociology for Contemporary Latin America.José Maurício Domingues - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (1):112-133.
    This article analyses recent social, cultural and political developments in Latin America, with special reference to the `modernity/coloniality' project, as well as offering an alternative sociological interpretation of the contemporary subcontinent. It analyses in particular Walter Mignolo's work as the main expression of that `post/decolonial' project, a general interpretive effort that reflects actual social changes but offers misguided theoretical and political perspectives. The article then proposes a discussion of modernity as a global civilization which is now unfolding its (...)
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  49.  12
    Fertility Surveyors and Population-Making Technologies in Latin America.Raúl Necochea López - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (5):631-654.
    Fulfilling the "unmet need for contraceptives" in Latin America is still a contested rallying cry for local activists, policymakers, and physicians. It evokes both the consumerist aspiration to choose birth control methods, as well as implies the existence of health and welfare institutions that ought to guarantee a human right. In the 1940s, however, the "unmet need for contraceptives" was a fledgling notion that a group of experts had only begun to popularize through the use of a crucial (...)
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  50.  1
    Articulations of Eroticism and Race: Domestic Service in Latin America.Peter Wade - 2013 - Feminist Theory 14 (2):187-202.
    ‘Service’, particularly ‘domestic service’, operates as a specific articulation or intersection of processes of race, class, gender and age that reiterates images of the sexual desirability of some women racially marked by blackness or indigeneity in Latin America. The sexualisation of racially subordinated people has been linked to the exercise of power. This article focuses on an aspect of subordination related to the condition of being a servant, and the ‘domestication’ and ‘acculturation’ that domestic service implies in societies (...)
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