Results for 'laws of physics'

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  1. How the Laws of Physics Lie.Nancy Cartwright - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
    In this sequence of philosophical essays about natural science, the author argues that fundamental explanatory laws, the deepest and most admired successes of modern physics, do not in fact describe regularities that exist in nature. Cartwright draws from many real-life examples to propound a novel distinction: that theoretical entities, and the complex and localized laws that describe them, can be interpreted realistically, but the simple unifying laws of basic theory cannot.
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  2.  36
    The Fundamental Laws of Physics Can Tell the Truth.Renat Nugayev - 1991 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (1):79 – 87.
    INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE Vol. 5, number 1, Autumn 1991, pp. 79-87. R.M. Nugayev. -/- The fundamental laws of physics can tell the truth. -/- Abstract. Nancy Cartwright’s arguments in favour of phenomenological laws and against fundamental ones are discussed. Her criticisms of the standard cjvering-law account are extended using Vyacheslav Stepin’s analysis of the structure of fundamental theories. It is argued that Cartwright’s thesis 9that the laws of physics lie) is too (...)
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  3. Einstein and the Laws of Physics.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - Physics and Philosophy.
    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of constraints in the theory of relativity and, in particular, what philosophical work they do for Einstein's views on the laws of physics. Einstein presents a view of local ``structure laws'' which he characterizes as the most appropriate form of physical laws. Einstein was committed to a view of science, which presents a synthesis between rational and empirical elements as its hallmark. If scientific constructs are free (...)
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  4.  55
    The Nature of the Laws of Physics and Their Mysterious Bio-Friendliness.Paul Davies - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 767--788.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * 1 The Universe Is Weirdly Fine-Tuned for Life * 2 The Cosmic Code * 3 The Concept of Laws * 4 Are the Laws Real? * 5 Does a Multiverse Explain the Goldilocks Enigma? * 6 Many Scientists Hate the Multiverse Idea * 7 Who Designed the Multiverse? * 8 If There Were a Unique Final Theory, God Would Be Redundant * 9 What Exists and What Doesn’t: Who or What Gets to (...)
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  5.  35
    Physics and the Problem of Historico-Sociological Laws.Edgar Zilsel - 1941 - Philosophy of Science 8 (4):567-579.
    The question as to the existence of laws in history has frequently been discussed. A new a discussion may yet be useful, since some mis- conceptions based on incorrect comparisons with the natural sciences have been brought forward by both advocates and opponents of historical laws. We shall try to clarify the problem by applying a few ideas familiar to physicists and astronomers to the condi- tions peculiar to history. Physics is the most mature of all empirical (...)
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  6. The Comprehensible Cosmos: Where Do the Laws of Physics Come From?Victor J. Stenger - 2006 - Prometheus Books.
    What are the laws of physics? -- The stuff that kicks back -- Point-of-view invariance -- Gauging the laws of physics -- Forces and broken symmetries -- Playing dice -- After the bang -- Out of the void -- The comprehensible cosmos -- Models of reality.
     
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  7. How the Ceteris Paribus Laws of Physics Lie.Geert Keil - 2005 - In Jan Faye, Paul Needham, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.), Nature's Principles. Springer. pp. 167-200.
    After a brief survey of the literature on ceteris paribus clauses and ceteris paribus laws (1), the problem of exceptions, which creates the need for cp laws, is discussed (2). It emerges that the so-called skeptical view of laws of nature does not apply to laws of any kind whatever. Only some laws of physics are plagued with exceptions, not THE laws (3). Cp clauses promise a remedy, which has to be located among (...)
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  8.  92
    Why the Laws of Physics Are Just So.Ulrich Mohrhoff - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (8):1313-1324.
    Does a world that contains chemistry entail the validity of both the standard model of elementary particle physics and general relativity, at least as effective theories? This article shows that the answer may very well be affirmative. It further suggests that the very existence of stable, spatially extended material objects, if not the very existence of the physical world, may require the validity of these theories.
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  9.  37
    Godel, the Mind, and the Laws of Physics.Roger Penrose - 2011 - In Matthias Baaz (ed.), Kurt Gödel and the Foundations of Mathematics: Horizons of Truth. Cambridge University Press. pp. 339.
    Gödel appears to have believed strongly that the human mind cannot be explained in terms of any kind of computational physics, but he remained cautious in formulating this belief as a rigorous consequence of his incompleteness theorems. In this chapter, I discuss a modification of standard Gödel-type logical arguments, these appearing to strengthen Gödel’s conclusions, and attempt to provide a persuasive case in support of his standpoint that the actions of the mind must transcend computation. It appears that Gödel (...)
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  10. Are the Laws of Physics 'Economical with the Truth'?P. P. Allport - 1993 - Synthese 94 (2):245 - 290.
    It has been argued that the fundamental laws of physics are deceitful in that they give the impression of greater unity and coherence in our theories than is actually found to be the case. Causal stories and phenomenological relationships are claimed to provide a more acceptable account of the world, and only theoretical entities — not laws — are considered as perhaps corresponding to real features of the world.This paper examines these claims in the light of the (...)
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  11.  22
    How the Laws of Physics Can Be Confronted with Experience.Rinat M. Nugayev - 1992 - Theoria Et Historia Scientiarum:24-36.
    Nancy Cartwright’s arguments in favor of the phenomenological laws and against the fundamental ones are discussed. I support and strengthen her criticism of the standard covering-law account but I am skeptical in respect to her radical conclusion that the laws of physics lie. Arguments in favor of the opposite stance are based on V.S. Stepin’s analysis of mature theory structure. A mature theory-change model presented here demonstrates how the fundamental laws of physics can be confronted (...)
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  12. Laws of Physics and the Universe.Yuri Balashov - manuscript
    Are the laws of nature real? Do they belong to the world or merely reflect the way we speak about it? And if they are real, what sort of entity are they? These questions have been intensely debated by philosophers. Modern cosmology, however, has given such questions a new twist by introducing a unique perspective on physical reality, the perspective which I shall call the cosmological point of view. In this perspective, the universe as a whole presents itself as (...)
     
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  13.  59
    How the Laws of Physics Don't Even Fib.A. David Kline & Carl A. Matheson - 1986 - Psa 1986:33--41.
    The most recent challenge to the covering-law model of explanation (N. Cartwright, How the laws of Physics Lie) charges that the fundamental explanatory laws are not true. In fact explanation and truth are alleged to pull in different directions. We hold that this gets its force from confusing issues about the truth of the laws in the explanation and the precision with which those laws can yield an exact description of the event to be explained. (...)
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  14. Fundamental Laws and the Completeness of Physics.David Jon Spurrett - 1999 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (3):261 – 274.
    The status of fundamental laws is an important issue when deciding between the three broad ontological options of fundamentalism (of which the thesis that physics is complete is typically a sub-type), emergentism, and disorder or promiscuous realism. Cartwright’s assault on fundamental laws which argues that such laws do not, and cannot, typically state the facts, and hence cannot be used to support belief in a fundamental ontological order, is discussed in this context. A case is made (...)
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  15.  22
    The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics.Roger Penrose - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating roller-coaster ride through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine.
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  16. Do the Laws of Physics Forbid the Operation of Time Machines?Earman John, Smeenk Christopher & Wüthrich Christian - 2009 - Synthese 169 (1):91-124.
    We address the question of whether it is possible to operate a time machine by manipulating matter and energy so as to manufacture closed timelike curves. This question has received a great deal of attention in the physics literature, with attempts to prove no- go theorems based on classical general relativity and various hybrid theories serving as steps along the way towards quantum gravity. Despite the effort put into these no-go theorems, there is no widely accepted definition of a (...)
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  17. Making Sense of Laws of Physics.Alan Chalmers - 1999 - In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 3--16.
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  18. Do the Laws of Physics Forbid the Operation of Time Machines?John Earman, Chris Smeenk & Christian Wüthrich - 2009 - Synthese 169 (1):91 - 124.
    We address the question of whether it is possible to operate a time machine by manipulating matter and energy so as to manufacture closed timelike curves. This question has received a great deal of attention in the physics literature, with attempts to prove no- go theorems based on classical general relativity and various hybrid theories serving as steps along the way towards quantum gravity. Despite the effort put into these no-go theorems, there is no widely accepted definition of a (...)
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  19. How the Laws of Physics Don't Even Fib.A. David Kline & Carl A. Matheson - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:33-41.
    The most recent challenge to the covering-law model of explanation charges that the fundamental explanatory laws are not true. In fact explanation and truth are alleged to pull in different directions. We hold that this gets its force from confusing issues about the truth of the laws in the explanation and the precision with which those laws can yield an exact description of the event to be explained. In defending this we look at Cartwright's major case studies (...)
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  20.  2
    Obtaining Laws Through Quantifying Experiments: Justifications of Pre-Service Physics Teachers in the Case of Electric Current, Voltage and Resistance.Ricardo Karam - 2015 - Science and Education 24 (5 - 6):699-723.
    The language of physics is mathematics, and physics ideas, laws and models describing phenomena are usually represented in mathematical form. Therefore, an understanding of how to navigate between phenomena and the models representing them in mathematical form is important for a physics teacher so that the teacher can make physics understandable to students. Here, the focus is on the “experimental mathematization,” how laws are established through quantifying experiments. A sequence from qualitative experiments to mathematical (...)
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  21. The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics.Roger Penrose - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    For many decades, the proponents of `artificial intelligence' have maintained that computers will soon be able to do everything that a human can do. In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating tour through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine.Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the (...)
     
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  22.  67
    Must the Fundamental Laws of Physics Be Complete?Marc Lange - 2009 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (2):312-345.
    The beauty of electricity, or of any other force, is not that the power is mysterious and unexpected, touching every sense at unawares in turn, but that it is under law... Michael Faraday, Wheatstone's Electric Telegraph's Relation to Science (being an argument in favour of the full recognition of Science as a branch of Education), 1854.
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  23.  74
    The Emperor's Real Mind -- Review of Roger Penrose's The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers Minds and the Laws of Physics.Aaron Sloman - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 56 (2-3):355-396.
    "The Emperor's New Mind" by Roger Penrose has received a great deal of both praise and criticism. This review discusses philosophical aspects of the book that form an attack on the "strong" AI thesis. Eight different versions of this thesis are distinguished, and sources of ambiguity diagnosed, including different requirements for relationships between program and behaviour. Excessively strong versions attacked by Penrose (and Searle) are not worth defending or attacking, whereas weaker versions remain problematic. Penrose (like Searle) regards the notion (...)
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  24. Do the Laws of Physics State the Facts?Nancy Cartwright - 1998 - In M. Curd & J. A. Cover (eds.), Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues. Norton. pp. 865-877.
     
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  25.  64
    Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353-372.
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  26.  74
    So the Laws of Physics Needn't Lie.Alan Chalmers - 1993 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):196 – 205.
  27.  1
    Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics.Ronald Laymon - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353.
  28.  23
    Could Testing of the Laws of Physics Ever BE Complete?Kenneth G. Wilson, George E. Smith, Constance K. Barsky & Stanislaw D. Glazek - 2010 - In Harald Fritzsch & K. K. Phua (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday. World Scientific.
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  29.  42
    Book Review:How the Laws of Physics Lie Nancy Cartwright. [REVIEW]Malcolm R. Forster - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):478-.
  30.  36
    Are the Laws of Physics Inevitable?Allan Franklin - unknown
    Social constructionists believe that experimental evidence plays a minimal role in the production of scientific knowledge, while rationalists such as myself believe that experimental evidence is crucial in it. As one historical example in support of the rationalist position, I trace in some detail the theoretical and experimental research that led to our understanding of beta decay, from Enrico Fermi’s pioneering theory of 1934 to George Sudarshan and Robert Marshak’s and Richard Feynman and Murray Gell-Mann’s suggestion in 1957 and 1958, (...)
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  31.  1
    How the Laws of Physics Lie.Cartwright Nancy - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):478-480.
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  32.  3
    How the Laws of Physics Lie by Nancy Cartwright. [REVIEW]Arthur Fine - 1984 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 75:386-387.
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  33. Laws of Physics and Ideas of Time.David Park - 1975 - In J. T. Fraser & Nathaniel M. Lawrence (eds.), The Study of Time Ii. Springer Verlag. pp. 258--266.
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  34.  53
    The Existential Status of Facts and Laws in Physics.Karl Schmidt - 1933 - The Monist 43 (2):161-172.
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  35.  74
    Inferring Conservation Laws in Particle Physics: A Case Study in the Problem of Induction.Oliver Schulte - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):771-806.
    This paper develops a means–end analysis of an inductive problem that arises in particle physics: how to infer from observed reactions conservation principles that govern all reactions among elementary particles. I show that there is a reliable inference procedure that is guaranteed to arrive at an empirically adequate set of conservation principles as more and more evidence is obtained. An interesting feature of reliable procedures for finding conservation principles is that in certain precisely defined circumstances they must introduce hidden (...)
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  36.  41
    How the Laws of Physics Still Lie.Jonathan Walmsley - 1998 - The Philosophers' Magazine 4:36-38.
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  37. The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics.Roger Penrose - 1990 - Science and Society 54 (4):484-487.
     
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  38.  31
    How the Laws of Physics Lie. [REVIEW]James H. Fetzer - 1985 - Philosophical Books 26 (2):120-124.
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  39. Thomas Kuhn, Rocks, and the Laws of Physics.Richard Rorty - 1997 - Common Knowledge 6:6-16.
     
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  40.  77
    How the Laws of Physics Lie By Nancy Cartwright Oxford University Press, 1983, 221 Pp., £7.95Representing and Intervening By Ian Hacking Cambridge University Press, 1983, Xv + 287 Pp., £20.00, £5.95 Paper. [REVIEW]Mary Tiles - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (231):133-.
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  41. Review of HOW the Laws of Physics Lie, by N. Cartwright. [REVIEW]C. Dilworth - 1987 - Epistemologia 10:143-145.
  42.  38
    How the Laws of Physics Lie. [REVIEW]Harold I. Brown - 1988 - International Studies in Philosophy 20 (3):102-103.
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    Nancy Cartwright, "How the Laws of Physics Lie". [REVIEW]M. L. G. Redhead - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (37):513.
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  44. Nancy Cartwright, How The Laws of Physics Lie. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Bub - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5:104-107.
     
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  45. Do the Laws of Physics State the Facts?Nancy Cartwright - 1980 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61 (1/2):75.
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    How the Laws of Physics Lie. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Joseph - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):580.
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  47. Nancy Cartwright, How The Laws of Physics Lie Reviewed By.Jeffrey Bub - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (3):104-107.
     
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  48.  9
    How the Laws of Physics Lie Nancy Cartwright Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. 221 P.Yvon Gauthier - 1984 - Dialogue 23 (3):522-525.
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  49. Revelation and Verification of Ultimate Reality and Meaning Through Direct Experience and the Laws of Physics.Orest Bedrij - 2000 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 23 (1):36-84.
     
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  50. How the Laws of Physics Lie.Cartwright Nancy - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (137):513-514.
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