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Reidar K. Lie [27]Reidar Lie [10]R. K. Lie [5]Reidar Krummradt Lie [5]
Svein Anders Noer Lie [5]Jan E. Lie [2]Sun Lie [2]Sissel Lie [2]

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Reidar Lie
University of Bergen
Svein Lie
University of Tromsø
Bibliography: Applied Ethics
Bibliography: Applied Ethics, Miscellaneous in Applied Ethics
Bibliography: Belief in Philosophy of Mind
Bibliography: General Issues in Applied Ethics in Applied Ethics
Bibliography: Ought Implies Can in Meta-Ethics
Bibliography: Ethics of Belief in Epistemology
Bibliography: Belief Revision in Epistemology
Bibliography: Replies to Skepticism in Epistemology
Bibliography: Degrees of Belief in Philosophy of Probability
Bibliography: Johann Gottlieb Fichte in 19th Century Philosophy
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  1. Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen D. Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many (...)
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  2.  18
    Moral Standards for Research in Developing Countries From "Reasonable Availability" to "Fair Benefits".Maged El Setouhy, Tsiri Agbenyega, Francis Anto, Christine Alexandra Clerk, Kwadwo A. Koram, Michael English, Rashid Juma, Catherine Molyneux, Norbert Peshu, Newton Kumwenda, Joseph Mfutso-Bengu, Malcolm Molyneux, Terrie Taylor, Doumbia Aissata Diarra, Saibou Maiga, Mamadou Sylla, Dione Youssouf, Catherine Olufunke Falade, Segun Gbadegesin, Reidar Lie, Ferdinand Mugusi, David Ngassapa, Julius Ecuru, Ambrose Talisuna, Ezekiel Emanuel, Christine Grady, Elizabeth Higgs, Christopher Plowe, Jeremy Sugarman & David Wendler - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (3):17.
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  3. Philosophical Justifications of Informed Consent in Research.D. Brock, E. J. Emanuel, C. Grady, R. Lie, F. Miller & D. Wendler - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  4.  7
    Philosophy of Engineering, East and West.Rita Armstrong, Erik W. Armstrong, James L. Barnes, Susan K. Barnes, Roberto Bartholo, Terry Bristol, Cao Dongming, Cao Xu, Carleton Christensen, Chen Jia, Cheng Yifa, Christelle Didier, Paul T. Durbin, Michael J. Dyrenfurth, Fang Yibing, Donald Hector, Li Bocong, Li Lei, Liu Dachun, Heinz C. Luegenbiehl, Diane P. Michelfelder, Carl Mitcham, Suzanne Moon, Byron Newberry, Jim Petrie, Hans Poser, Domício Proença, Qian Wei, Wim Ravesteijn, Viola Schiaffonati, Édison Renato Silva, Patrick Simonnin, Mario Verdicchio, Sun Lie, Wang Bin, Wang Dazhou, Wang Guoyu, Wang Jian, Wang Nan, Yin Ruiyu, Yin Wenjuan, Yuan Deyu, Zhao Junhai, Baichun Zhang & Zhang Kang - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  5.  23
    Priority Setting in Health Care: Lessons From the Experiences of Eight Countries.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - unknown
    All health care systems face problems of justice and efficiency related to setting priorities for allocating a limited pool of resources to a population. Because many of the central issues are the same in all systems, the United States and other countries can learn from the successes and failures of countries that have explicitly addressed the question of health care priorities. We review explicit priority setting efforts in Norway, Sweden, Israel, the Netherlands, Denmark, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the (...)
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  6. At the Borders of Medical Reasoning: Aetiological and Ontological Challenges of Medically Unexplained Symptoms.Thor Eirik Eriksen, Roger Kerry, Stephen Mumford, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Rani Lill Anjum - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8:11.
    Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, MUS seem to resist medical scrutiny in a way that other conditions do not. This paper approaches the problem of MUS from a philosophical point of (...)
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  7. Dispositions and Ethics.Rani Lill Anjum, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Stephen Mumford - manuscript
    What is the connection between dispositions and ethics? Some might think very little and those who are interested in dispositions tend to be metaphysicians whose interests are far from value. However, we argue in this paper that dispositions and dispositionality are central to ethics, indeed a precondition. Ethics rests on a number of notions that are either dispositional in nature or involve real dispositions or powers at work. We argue for a dispositional account of value that offers an alternative to (...)
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  8.  30
    The Standard of Care Debate: The Declaration of Helsinki Versus the International Consensus Opinion.R. K. Lie - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):190-193.
    The World Medical Association’s revised Declaration of Helsinki endorses the view that all trial participants in every country are entitled to the worldwide best standard of care. In this paper the authors show that this requirement has been rejected by every national and international committee that has examined this issue. They argue that the consensus view now holds that it is ethically permissible, in some circumstances, to provide research participants less than the worldwide best care. Finally, the authors show that (...)
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  9.  5
    Conducting Human Challenge Studies in LMICs: A Survey of Researchers and Ethics Committee Members in Thailand.Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Pornpimon Adams, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Reidar K. Lie & David Wendler - 2019 - PLoS ONE 14 (10).
    Questions have been raised over the acceptability of conducting human challenge studies in low and middle income countries. Most of these concerns are based on theoretical considerations and there exists little data on the attitudes of stakeholders in these countries. This study examines the view of researchers and REC members in Thailand regarding the design and conduct of challenge studies in the country. A questionnaire was developed based on ethical frameworks for human challenge studies. The target respondents included those who (...)
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  10.  37
    No Ethical Divide Between China and the West in Human Embryo Research.Xiaomei Zhai, Vincent Ng & Reidar Lie - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):116-120.
    This is a discussion of the reaction to the recent research article publication in the journal Protein & Cell by a group of scientists at Sun Yat-sen University using the CRISPR/Cas9 technique on editing non-viable human zygotes. Many commentators condemned the Chinese scientists for overstepping ethical boundaries long accepted in Western countries and accused China of having lax regulations on genomic research in general. We argue that not only did this research follow strict ethical standards and fully comply with current (...)
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  11.  11
    Producing Standards, Producing the Nordic Region: Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing, From 1950–1970.Anne Kveim Lie - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (2):215-248.
    ArgumentDuring the 1950s it became apparent that antibiotics could not conquer all microbes, and a series of tests were developed to assess the susceptibility of microbes to antibiotics. This article explores the development and standardization of one such testing procedure which became dominant in the Nordic region, and how the project eventually failed in the late 1970s. The standardization procedures amounted to a comprehensive scheme, standardizing not only the materials used, but also the methods and the interpretation of the results. (...)
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  12.  7
    Acting by Persuasion— Values and Rhetoric in Medical Certificates of Work Incapacity: A Qualitative Document Analysis.Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen & Anne Kveim Lie - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (1):60-66.
    When the patient applies for disability benefit in Norway, the general practitioner is required by the National Insurance Administration to confirm that the patient is unfit for work due to disease. Considering the important social role of medical certificates, they have been given surprisingly little attention by the medical critique. They may make essential differences to peoples’ lives, legitimise large social costs and, in addition, the GPs report that issuing certificates can be problematic. This article explores values, attitudes and persuasive (...)
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  13.  38
    Evidence-Based Medicine as an Instrument for Rational Health Policy.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Reidar K. Lie & Ruud Ter Meulen - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (3):261-275.
    This article tries to present a broad view on the values and ethicalissues that are at stake in efforts to rationalize health policy on thebasis of economic evaluations (like cost-effectiveness analysis) andrandomly controlled clinical trials. Though such a rationalization isgenerally seen as an objective and `value free' process, moral valuesoften play a hidden role, not only in the production of `evidence', butalso in the way this evidence is used in policy making. For example, thedefinition of effectiveness of medical treatment or (...)
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  14.  29
    Attitudes Towards Transfers of Human Tissue Samples Across Borders: An International Survey of Researchers and Policy Makers in Five Countries.Xinqing Zhang, Kenji Matsui, Benjamin Krohmal, Alaa Zeid, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Koo, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):16-.
    Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of data about what researchers themselves and those involved in the transfer of samples think about these issues, particularly in developing countries. Methods: A survey was carried out in a number of Asian countries and in Egypt to explore what researchers and others involved in research, storage and transfer (...)
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  15.  11
    Medical Ethics in China: A Transcultural Interpretation (Review).Reidar Lie - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (3):240-246.
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  16.  17
    Comparative Effectiveness Research: What to Do When Experts Disagree About Risks.Reidar K. Lie, Francis K. L. Chan, Christine Grady, Vincent H. Ng & David Wendler - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):42.
    Ethical issues related to comparative effectiveness research, or research that compares existing standards of care, have recently received considerable attention. In this paper we focus on how Ethics Review Committees should evaluate the risks of comparative effectiveness research. We discuss what has been a prominent focus in the debate about comparative effectiveness research, namely that it is justified when “nothing is known” about the comparative effectiveness of the available alternatives. We argue that this focus may be misleading. Rather, we should (...)
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  17.  13
    Obligations of Poor Countries in Ensuring Global Justice: The Case of Uganda.John Barugahare & Reidar K. Lie - 2014 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 8 (2).
    Obligations of global justice rest mainly on the global rich but also to a lesser extent on the global poor. The governments of poor countries are obliged to fulfill requirements of non-aggression, good governance and decency, along with all other requirements which facilitate the achievement of global justice. So far, obligations of poor countries seem to be taken as given yet the behavior of governments in poor countries and occurrences therein attest to the contrary;this suggests a need to mainstream these (...)
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  18.  36
    The Fair Benefits Approach Revisited.Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (4):3-3.
    In this issue, Alex London and Kevin Zollman provide an analysis of an influential approach to the ethics of international research, known as the “fair benefits” approach. According to them, the fair benefits approach suffers from a fatal flaw: it is either too vague to be useful, or worse, is internally inconsistent. The fair benefits approach was developed based on a presentation I gave at a workshop organized in Malawi in March 2001 by the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center’s (...)
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  19.  16
    Ethics of Placebo Controlled Trials in Developing Countries.Reidar K. Lie - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (4):307–311.
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  20.  61
    Principles Versus Procedures in Making Health Care Coverage Decisions: Addressing Inevitable Conflicts.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):73-85.
    It has been suggested that focusing on procedures when setting priorities for health care avoids the conflicts that arise when attempting to agree on principles. A prominent example of this approach is “accountability for reasonableness.” We will argue that the same problem arises with procedural accounts; reasonable people will disagree about central elements in the process. We consider the procedural condition of appeal process and three examples of conflicts over coverage decisions: a patients’ rights law in Norway, health technologies coverage (...)
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  21.  26
    Informed Consent to Future Research on Stored Tissue Samples: The Views of Researchers, Ethics Review Committee Members and Policy Makers in Five Non-Western Countries.Kenji Matsui, Alaa Abou Zeid, Zhang Xinqing, Benjamin Krohmal, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Mo Koo, David Wendler, Jesse Chao, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar Lie - 2009 - Asian Bioethics Review 1 (4):401-416.
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  22.  27
    Aiming at a Moving Target: Research Ethics in the Context of Evolving Standards of Care and Prevention.Seema Shah & Reidar K. Lie - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):699-702.
    In rapidly evolving medical fields where the standard of care or prevention changes frequently, guidelines are increasingly likely to conflict with what participants receive in research. Although guidelines typically set the standard of care, there are some cases in which research can justifiably deviate from guidelines. When guidelines conflict with research, an ethical issue only arises if guidelines are rigorous and should be followed. Next, it is important that the cumulative evidence and the conclusions reached by the guidelines do not (...)
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  23.  82
    Following the Giant’s Paces-Governance Issues and Bioethical Reflections in China.Zhaochen Wang, Vincent H. di ZhangNg, Reidar K. Lie & Xiaomei Zhai - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):79.
    China has become a global player in the field of biosamples research and analysis of genetic data. The Beijing Genomics Institute is a genetics factory where enormous amounts of biosamples/data from all over the world are being analyzed. Most of the global bioethics discussions focused on research conducted by scientists from industrialized countries with subjects from poorer countries. Today, however, samples from industrialized nations are being analyzed in China on an unprecedented scale. This means that one should not just focus (...)
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  24.  15
    Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.Thomas E. Novotny, Emilio Mordini, Ruth Chadwick, J. Martin Pedersen, Fabrizio Fabbri, Reidar K. Lie, Natapong Thanachaiboot, Elias Mossialos & Govin Permanand - 2006 - PLoS Med 3 (2):e43.
    The term “globalization” was popularized by Marshall McLuhan in War and Peace in the Global Village. In the book, McLuhan described how the global media shaped current events surrounding the Vietnam War [1] and also predicted how modern information and communication technologies would accelerate world progress through trade and knowledge development. Globalization now refers to a broad range of issues regarding the movement of goods and services through trade liberalization, and the movement of people through migration. Much has also been (...)
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  25.  11
    Research Ethics and Evidence Based Medicine.R. K. Lie - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):122-125.
    In this paper, the author argues that the requirement to conduct randomised clinical trials to inform policy in cases where one wants to identify a cheaper alternative to known effective but expensive interventions raises an important ethical issue. This situation will eventually arise whenever there are resource constraints, and a policy decision has been made not to fund an intervention on cost effectiveness grounds. It has been thought that this is an issue only in extremely resource poor settings. This paper (...)
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  26.  49
    Eugenics and Mandatory Informed Prenatal Genetic Testing: A Unique Perspective From China.Vincent H. di ZhangNg, Zhaochen Wang, Xiaomei Zhai & Reidar K. Lie - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):107-115.
    The application of genetic technologies in China, especially in the area of prenatal genetic testing, is rapidly increasing in China. In the wealthy regions of China, prenatal genetic testing is already very widely adopted. We argue that the government should actively promote prenatal genetic testing to the poor areas of the country. In fact, the government should prioritize resources first to make prenatal genetic testing a standard routine care with an opt-out model in these area. Healthcare professions would be required (...)
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  27.  5
    Ethical Issues in Human Germline Gene Editing: A Perspective From China.Reidar K. Lie & Di Zhang - 2018 - Monash Bioethics Review 36 (1-4):23-35.
    The ethical issues associated with germline gene modification and embryo research are some of the most contentious in current international science policy debates. In this paper, we argue that new genetic techniques, such as CRISPR, demonstrate that there is an urgent need for China to develop its own regulatory and ethical framework governing new developments in genetic and embryo research. While China has in place a regulatory framework, it needs to be strengthened to include better compliance oversight and explicit criteria (...)
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  28.  5
    Pupils with Special Educational Needs: Experiencing Recognition in Individual Subject Curriculum Meetings.Janaina Hartveit Lie - forthcoming - Constellations.
  29.  52
    Response to Poullier.B. A. Brody & R. K. Lie - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):475-476.
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  30.  25
    Reassessing Diagrams of Cardiac Mechanics: From Otto Frank and Ernest Starling to Hiroyuki Suga.Johann-Peter Kuhtz-Buschbeck, Reidar K. Lie, Jochen Schaefer & Nicolaus Wilder - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (4):471-490.
    The main topic of this article is Otto Frank's forgotten notion of the pressure-volume diagram of the cardiac ventricle as a means to assess the external mechanical work of the heart. Developed by Frank at the end of the 19th century, this idea was reenvisioned as pressure-volume area about 70 to 80 years later by Hiroyuki Suga. This notion now serves as a perspective for defining cardiac contractility and thus enabling the controlled clinical application of cardiac assist devices. We begin (...)
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  31.  2
    Keep Smiling. Adornos Chaplin.Sulgi Lie - 2020 - Internationales Jahrbuch für Philosophische Anthropologie 9 (1):263-276.
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  32. The 'Borderzone Zone' Controversy a Study of Theory Structure in Biomedicine.Reidar Krummradt Lie - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    This paper gives an account of theory structure in the biomedical sciences with particular emphasis on cardiology. Rather than regarding theories as axiomatizable sets of statements (the so-called received view), theories are regarded as answers to questions which are accepted as legitimate and interesting by scientists within a field of investigation at a given time. This account of theory structure is used to distinguish between theories which are quite liable to be revised during the course of scientific investigation, here called (...)
     
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  33.  27
    Obligations of Low Income Countries in Ensuring Equity in Global Health Financing.John Barugahare & Reidar K. Lie - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundDespite common recognition of joint responsibility for global health by all countries particularly to ensure justice in global health, current discussions of countries’ obligations for global health largely ignore obligations of developing countries. This is especially the case with regards to obligations relating to health financing. Bearing in mind that it is not possible to achieve justice in global health without achieving equity in health financing at both domestic and global levels, our aim is to show how fulfilling the obligation (...)
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  34. The Use of Interval Estimators as a Basis for Decision-Making in Medicine.Reidar K. Lie - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3).
    Decision analysts sometimes use the results of clinical trials in order to evaluate treatment alternatives. I discuss some problems associated with this, and in particular I point out that it is not valid to use the estimates from clinical trials as the probabilities of events which are needed for decision analysis. I also attempt to show that an approach based on objective statistical theory may have advantages over commonly used methods based on decision theory. These advantages include the recognition of (...)
     
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  35.  37
    An Examination and Critique of Harsanyi's Version of Utilitarianism.Reidar K. Lie - 1986 - Theory and Decision 21 (1):65-83.
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  36. Reviews. [REVIEW]Wolfgang U. Eckart, Marion Weber, Reidar Krummradt Lie & Reidar K. Lie - 1988 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (3).
     
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  37.  12
    Enhancing Research Quality with Updated and Controversial Ethical Issues: Summary and Recommendations.Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Pornpimon Adams, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Kenji Matsui, Calvin Wai-Loon Ho, David S. Wendler & Reidar Lie - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (1-2):157-167.
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  38.  25
    Cixous: La Voisine de Beckett?Sissel Lie & Petter Aaslestad - 2009 - The European Legacy 14 (1):71-74.
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  39.  23
    The EU and Federalism: Polities and Policies Compared.Ragnar Lie - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (4):515-516.
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  40. The Importance of Epistemology for Clinical Practice.Paola Cuzzani & Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (1):87-90.
     
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  41.  18
    Understanding the Futility of Countries’ Obligations for Health Rights: Realising Justice for the Global Poor.John Barugahare & Reidar K. Lie - unknown
    Background: Although health is a right of all individuals without any distinction, the realisation of this right has remained very difficult for the marginalised populations of poor countries. Inequitable distribution of health opportunities globally is a major factor in explaining why this is the case. Whereas the Protection, Promotion and Fulfilment of the health rights of poor country citizens are a joint responsibility of both domestic and external governments, most governments flout their obligations. So far disproportionate effort has been dedicated (...)
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  42.  4
    Should a Country Follow WHO’s Guidelines on the Pathway to Universal Health Coverage? A Case Illustration with the Chinese Healthcare System.Chunshui Wang, Vincent H. Ng & Reidar K. Lie - 2018 - Asian Bioethics Review 10 (3):171-187.
    The WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage published a comprehensive report titled “Making Fair Choices on the Path to Universal Health Coverage” detailing strategies that countries should adopt when moving towards providing healthcare coverage to the entire population. The report provides detailed guidelines on how to expand coverage to more people, what services should be covered, and how to prioritize these healthcare resources in achieving universal healthcare coverage. The main goal of this WHO report is to ensure (...)
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  43.  36
    Patterns of Theory Change in Biomedicine: A Case Study From Cardiology.Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):75 - 88.
    This article presents a case study from the history of cardiology, namely, the development towards the acceptance of the coronary theory of angina pectoris. I show that the arguments which were considered decisive against the theory were not answered at the time the theory was accepted. I also point out that the experimental and practical success of the theory cannot be used to support the initial choice because, in the subsequent development, the field researchers became preoccupied with new questions and (...)
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  44.  13
    Marion Hourdequin and David G. Havlick (Eds.) Restoring Layered Landscapes: History, Ecology and Culture.Svein Anders Noer Lie - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (4):523-525.
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  45.  10
    A Case Study on Semiautomatic Seismic Interpretation of Unconformities and Faults in the Southwestern Barents Sea.Aina J. Bugge, Stuart R. Clark, Jan E. Lie & Jan I. Faleide - 2018 - Interpretation 6 (2):SD29-SD40.
    Recently, there has been a growing interest in automatic and semiautomatic seismic interpretation, and we have developed methods for extraction of 3D unconformities and faults from seismic data as alternatives to conventional and time-consuming manual interpretation. Our methods can be used separately or together, and they are time efficient and based on easily available 2D and 3D image-processing algorithms, such as morphological operations and image region property operations. The method for extraction of unconformities defines seismic sequences, based on their stratigraphic (...)
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  46.  18
    Personal and/or Universal? Hélène Cixous's Challenge to Generic Borders.Sissel Lie & Priscilla Ringrose - 2009 - The European Legacy 14 (1):53-64.
    This article explores the relations between autobiography, fiction and history in the recent texts of Hélène Cixous. It examines the uses and limits of a range of generic categorizations in accounting for these relations. We suggest that most categorizations tend to rely on an underlying oppositionary and exclusive dynamic between autobiography and fiction in which one or the other may be privileged. Our contention is that Cixous's work should rather be understood within an inclusive dynamic in which all three elements, (...)
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  47.  27
    Methodological and Conceptual Issues in Health Care System Comparisons: Canada, Norway, and the United States.B. A. Brody & R. K. Lie - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):437-463.
    There is a growing interest in comparison of international health care data with the hope that such studies will enable individual systems to learn from other systems. Such comparisons, however, presuppose that there exist common criteria for evaluating health care systems. The main thesis of this paper is that these comparative studies are misleading because they employ inappropriate operationalizations of these criteria because the operarionalizations are based upon mistaken global conceptualizations of the criteria in question. The essay provides a methodological (...)
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  48. Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Reidar K. Lie & John Root Stone - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (3).
     
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  49.  15
    A Survey of Scientist and Policy Makers' Attitudes Toward Research on Stored Human Biological Materials in Sri Lanka.Vajira H. W. Dissanayake, Dulika S. Sumathipala, U. G. A. C. Kariyawasam, J. M. D. N. M. M. Jayamanne, P. K. D. S. Nisansala & Reidar Lie - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):226-232.
    Introduction Stored human samples and the establishment of biobanks are increasing in the world. Along with this there are the questions of ethics that arise such as the correct method of obtaining informed consent for research on stored samples and the policies involved in collaborative research using collected samples. This study is an attempt to evaluate the researchers, academics and policy makers' views on these ethical aspects. Methods This was an anonymised study involving a Sri Lankan population of researchers, ethics (...)
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  50.  13
    Asian Bioethics: Breaking New Ground.Reidar Lie & Joseph Millum - 2010 - Asian Bioethics Review 2 (3):171-172.
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