Results for 'life value'

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  1.  55
    Exhausting Life.Exhausting Life - unknown
    In theory, at least, we might achieve a certain sort of invulnerability right at the end of life. Suppose that under favorable circumstances we can live a certain number of years, say 125, but no longer, and also that we can make life as a whole better and better over time. Under these assumptions we might hope to disarm death by spending 125 years making life as good as it can be. If we were lucky enough to (...)
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  2.  63
    Human Rights Versus Corporate Rights: Life Value, the Civil Commons and Social Justice.John McMurtry - 2011 - Studies in Social Justice 5 (1):11-61.
    This analysis maps the deepening global crisis and the principles of its resolution by life-value analysis and method. Received theories of economics and justice and modern rights doctrines are shown to have no ground in life value and to be incapable of recognizing universal life goods and the rising threats to them. In response to this system failure at theoretical and operational levels, the unifying nature and measure of life value are defined to (...)
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  3.  76
    Human Rights Versus Corporate Rights: Understanding Life Value, the Civil Commons, and Social Justice.John McMurtry - 2011 - Studies in Social Justice 5 (1):2011.
    This analysis maps the deepening global crisis and the principles of its resolution by life-value analysis and method. Received theories of economics and justice and modern rights doctrines are shown to have no ground in life value and to be incapable of recognizing universal life goods and the rising threats to them. In response to this system failure at theoretical and operational levels, the unifying nature and measure of life value are defined to (...)
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  4.  66
    Life Value and Social Justice.Jeffrey Noonan - 2011 - Studies in Social Justice 5 (1):1-10.
  5. Life and Death Matters: Losing a Sense of the Value of Human Beings.Christopher Cordner - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):207-226.
    The essay combines a specific and a more general theme. In attacking ‘the doctrine of the sanctity of human life’ Singer takes himself thereby to be opposing the conviction that human life has special value. I argue that this conviction goes deep in our lives in many ways that do not depend on what Singer identifies as central to that ‘doctrine’, and that his attack therefore misses its main target. I argue more generally that Singer’s own moral (...)
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  6. Meaning in Life and the Metaphysics of Value.Daan Evers - 2017 - De Ethica 4 (3):27-44.
    According to subjectivist views about a meaningful life, one's life is meaningful in virtue of desire satisfaction or feelings of fulfilment. Standard counterexamples consist of satisfaction found through trivial or immoral tasks. In response to such examples, many philosophers require that the tasks one is devoted to are objectively valuable, or have objectively valuable consequences. I argue that the counterexamples to subjectivism do not require objective value for meaning in life. I also consider other reasons for (...)
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  7. The Shape of a Life and the Value of Loss and Gain.Joshua Glasgow - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (3):665-682.
    We ordinarily think that, keeping all else equal, a life that improves is better than one that declines. However, it has proven challenging to account for such value judgments: some, such as Fred Feldman and Daniel Kahneman, have simply denied that these judgments are rational, while others, such as Douglas Portmore, Michael Slote, and David Velleman, have proposed justifications for the judgments that appear to be incomplete or otherwise problematic. This article identifies problems with existing accounts and suggests (...)
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  8. Playing God and the Intrinsic Value of Life: Moral Problems for Synthetic Biology?Hans-Jürgen Link - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):435-448.
    Most of the reports on synthetic biology include not only familiar topics like biosafety and biosecurity but also a chapter on ‘ethical concerns’; a variety of diffuse topics that are interrelated in some way or another. This article deals with these ‘ethical concerns’. In particular it addresses issues such as the intrinsic value of life and how to deal with ‘artificial life’, and the fear that synthetic biologists are tampering with nature or playing God. Its aim is (...)
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  9. How Can Life of Value Best Flourish in the Real World?Nicholas Maxwell - 2009 - In Leemon McHenry (ed.), Science and the Pursuit of Wisdom. Ontos Verlag.
    The Urgent Need for an Intellectual Revolution For much of my working life (from 1972 onwards) I have argued, in and out of print, that we need to bring about a revolution in the aims and methods of science – and of academic inquiry more generally. Instead of giving priority to the search for knowledge, academia needs to devote itself to seeking and promoting wisdom by rational means, wisdom being the capacity to realize what is of value in (...)
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  10.  27
    Life and Health: A Value in Itself for Human Beings?Helen Watt - 2015 - HEC Forum 27 (3):207-228.
    The presence of a human being/organism—a living human ‘whole’, with the defining tendency to promote its own welfare—has value in itself, as do the functions which compose it. Life is inseparable from health, since without some degree of healthy functionality the living whole would not exist. The value of life differs both within a single life and between lives. As with any other form of human flourishing, the value of life-and-health must be distinguished (...)
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  11.  61
    Do We Have A Moral Obligation to Synthesize Organisms to Increase Biodiversity? On Kinship, Awe, and the Value of Life's Diversity.Joachim Boldt - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (8):411-418.
    Synthetic biology can be understood as expanding the abilities and aspirations of genetic engineering. Nonetheless, whereas genetic engineering has been subject to criticism due to its endangering biodiversity, synthetic biology may actually appear to prove advantageous for biodiversity. After all, one might claim, synthesizing novel forms of life increases the numbers of species present in nature and thus ought to be ethically recommended. Two perspectives on how to spell out the conception of intrinsic value of biodiversity are examined (...)
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  12.  71
    Do All Subjects of a Life Have an Equal Right to Life? The Challenge of the Comparative Value of Life.Aaron Simmons - 2016 - In Mylan Engel & Gary Lynn Comstock (eds.), The Moral Rights of Animals. Lexington Books. pp. 107-117.
    In The Case for Animal Rights, Tom Regan defends the view that all animals who are “subjects of a life” have an equal moral right to life. In this chapter, I consider whether it makes sense to think that animals have an equal right to life in light of the challenge that life has less value for animals than humans. This challenge raises two central questions: (1) does life have less value for animals (...)
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  13.  15
    Genetics and the Value of Life: Historical Dimensions. [REVIEW]Heiner Fangerau - 2009 - Medicine Studies 1 (2):105-112.
    The value of life can be viewed from moral, biologic, and economic perspectives. In connection with the development of genetics, each of these perspectives has gained importance throughout history. Whereas agricultural genetics has always been directed towards having an economic impact, from the beginning genetics research in humans has focused on all dimensions of the value of life. Today, health insurance, employers, politicians, and public health scientists view genetics research as one of the key disciplines to (...)
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  14.  57
    The Life-Value of Death: Mortality, Finitude, and Meaningful Lives.Jeff Noonan - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy of Life 3 (1):1-23.
    In his seminal reflection on the badness of death, Nagel links it to the permanent loss “of whatever good there is in living.” I will argue, following McMurtry, that “whatever good there is in living” is defined by the life-value of resources, institutions, experiences, and activities. Enjoyed expressions of the human capacities to experience the world, to form relationships, and to act as creative agents are intrinsically life-valuable, the reason why anyone would desire to go on living (...)
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  15. Materialist Ethics and Life-Value.Jeff Noonan - 2012 - Montreal: McGill Queens university press.
    Current patterns of global economic activity are not only unsustainable, but unethical - this claim is central to Materialist Ethics and Life-Value. Grounding the definition of ethical value in the natural and social requirements of life-support and life-development shared by all human beings, Jeff Noonan provides a new way of understanding the universal conception of "the good life." Noonan argues that the true crisis affecting the world today is not sluggish rates of economic growth (...)
     
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  16.  38
    LifeValue Narratives and the Impact of Astrobiology on Christian Ethics.Lucas John Mix - 2016 - Zygon 51 (2):520-535.
    “Pale Blue Dot” and “Anthropocene” are common tropes in astrobiology and often appear in ethical arguments. Both support a decentering of human life relative to biological life in terms of value. This article introduces a typology of life-value narratives: hierarchical narratives with human life above other life and holistic narratives with human life among other life. Astrobiology, through the two tropes, supports holistic narratives, but this should not be viewed as opposed (...)
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  17.  7
    Ecological Economics and the Life-Value of Labour.Jeff Noonan - unknown
    To the extent that classical, neoclassical, and Marxist political economy have traditionally ignored the problem of economic scale and valorized economic growth, all three have much to learn from ecological economics. Its most important contribution is the argument that the human economy is a subsystem of the finite earth’s natural life-support system. Implied in this argument is a new metric of economic health, the life-value rather than the money-value of that which economies produce and distribute.
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  18.  7
    Use Value, Life Value, and the Future of Socialism.Jeff Noonan - unknown
    The paper argues that the future of socialism depends upon the category of use value being grounded in a wider and deeper conception of life value. Only as such can it serve as the regulating principle of a future democratic socialist society. Life value is anchored in an understanding of the human life's space-time continuum understood as a continuum of life requirements. The multiple life crises regularly generated by capitalism are crises of (...)
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  19.  5
    Introduction: Life-Value and Social Justice.Jeff Noonan - unknown
    Since its publication in 1971, John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice has defined the terrain of political philosophical debate concerning the principles, scope, and material implications of social justice. Social justice for Rawls concerns the principles that govern the operation of major social institutions. Major social institutions structure the lives of citizens by regulating access to the resources and opportunities that the formulation and realization of human projects require. Rawls’ theory of social justice regards major institutions as just when they (...)
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  20. Immortality, Human Nature, the Value of Life and the Value of Life Extension.Steven Horrobin - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (6):279–292.
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  21. The Value of Life.Petr Jemelka - 2013 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 3 (1-2):31-37.
    The topic of this short essay is the basic axiological question (the value of life) and its reflections from biological level (definition of life) to the applications in philosophy and ethics (esp. bioethics and environmental ethics). We embrace life as an independent value, existing through its own realization. This text is an attempt to find a way to span the difference between the biocentric and anthropocentric ethical approach.
     
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  22.  85
    The Pro-Life Argument From Substantial Identity and the Pro-Choice Argument From Asymmetric Value: A Reply to Patrick Lee.Jeffrey Reiman - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (6):329–341.
  23.  50
    Meaning in Life: The Creation of Value.Irving Singer - 2009 - MIT Press.
    With a new preface by the authorWhat is meaning in life? Does anything really matter? How can a life achieve lasting significance? How can we explain the human propensity to struggle for ideals? How is meaning related to contentment, happiness, joy? Is meaning something we discover, or do we create it? What is the nature of value, and what are its sources in human experience? Can there be a meaning in life without religious faith? What is (...)
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  24. Learning to Live a Life of Value.Nicholas Maxwell - 2006 - In Jason A. Merchey (ed.), Living a Life of Value. Values of the Wise Press. pp. 383--395.
    Much of my working life has been devoted to trying to get across the point that we urgently need to bring about a revolution in the aims and methods of academic inquiry, so that the basic aim becomes to seek and promote wisdom rather than just acquire knowledge.
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  25.  47
    Life Sustains Life 1. Value: Social and Ecological.James Tully - forthcoming - In Akeel Bilgrami (ed.), Nature and Value. New York: Columbia University Press.
    I would like to address the question of social and ecological value by bringing two approaches to this question into conversation with one another and show their connections. The two approaches are those of Jonathan Schell and Akeel Bilgrami. The connection between the two approaches is their shared interest in the ‘conditions that sustain life’ on earth. The answer to the question of what are the conditions that sustain life is, in my opinion, ‘life sustains (...)’: that is, living ecological systems sustain themselves and the living systems with which they interact (symbiosis). (shrink)
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  26.  31
    Life-Value Economics Vs. The Neo-Classical Paradigm: Reply to Hodgson. [REVIEW]John McMurtry - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):79 - 86.
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  27.  10
    Life-Value Vs Money-Value: Capitalism’s Fatal Category Mistake.Jeff Noonan - 2018 - The European Legacy 24 (3-4):437-445.
    Volume 24, Issue 3-4, May - June 2019, Page 437-445.
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  28.  13
    Review of "Materialist Ethics and Life-Value". [REVIEW]Colin Patrick - 2018 - Essays in Philosophy 19 (1).
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  29.  41
    Life, Value, Happiness.Theodore M. Greene - 1956 - Journal of Philosophy 53 (10):317-330.
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  30.  23
    Thomas L. Carson, Value and the Good Life:Value and the Good Life.Fred Feldman - 2002 - Ethics 112 (3):604-607.
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  31.  10
    Life, Value Of.Douglas MacLean - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  32. Scientific Ethic Dual Life Value: Theory & Ramifications.Robert L. Humphrey - 1974 - San Diego, Calif., Grossmont Press.
     
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  33. The Value of Life.John Harris - 1985 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    This book, like the practice of medicine itself, is about the value of life. Health care is one of the clearest and most visible expressions of a society's ...
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  34. Life's Intrinsic Value: Science, Ethics, and Nature.Nicholas Agar - 2001 - Columbia University Press.
    Are bacteriophage T4 and the long-nosed elephant fish valuable in their own right? Nicholas Agar defends an affirmative answer to this question by arguing that anything living is intrinsically valuable. This claim challenges received ethical wisdom according to which only human beings are valuable in themselves. The resulting biocentric or life-centered morality forms the platform for an ethic of the environment. -/- Agar builds a bridge between the biological sciences and what he calls "folk" morality to arrive at a (...)
     
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  35. The Concept of the Person and the Value of Life.John Harris - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (4):293-308.
    : The concept of the person has come to be intimately connected with questions about the value of life. It is applied to those sorts of beings who have some special value or moral importance and where we need to prioritize the needs or claims of different sorts of individuals. "Person" is a concept designating individuals like us in some important respects, but possibly including individuals who are very unlike us in other respects. What are these respects (...)
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  36. Speaking of the Value of Life.Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (2):181-199.
    The notion of the value of life is often invoked in discussions regarding medical care for the sick and the dying. This theme has figured in arguments about medical ethics for decades, but many of the phrases associated with this concept have received little serious scrutiny. It is true that some philosophers have declared a few commonly used phrases such as “the sanctity of life,” “the infinite value of life,” and “the value of (...) itself” to be unclear at best or misguided at worst. Their hasty dismissal of these phrases, however, is not the end of the story. I generally agree with this philosophical judgment but for reasons very different from those typically given by others. Moreover, the reasons I wish to .. (shrink)
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  37. Aquinas on Human Ensoulment, Abortion and the Value of Life.John Haldane & Patrick Lee - 2003 - Philosophy 78 (2):255-278.
    Although there is a significant number of books and essays in which Aquinas's thought is examined in some detail, there are still many aspects of his writings that remain unknown to those outside the field of Thomistic studies; or which are generally misunderstood. An example is Aquinas's account of the origins of individual human life. This is the subject of a chapter in a recent book by Robert Pasnau on Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature (Cambridge: CUP, 2001). Since there (...)
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  38.  25
    Abortion and the Ways We Value Human Life.Jeffrey Reiman - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In Abortion and the Ways We Value Human Life, Jeffrey Reiman argues that an overlooked clue to the solution of the moral problem of abortion lies in the unusual way in which we value the lives of individual human beings_namely, that we value them irreplaceably. We think it is not only wrong to kill an innocent child or adult, but that it would not be made right by replacing the dead one with another living one, or (...)
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  39.  35
    ‘In a Twilight World’? Judging the Value of Life for the Minimally Conscious Patient.Richard Huxtable - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):565-569.
    The recent ruling from England on the case of M is one of very few worldwide to consider whether life-sustaining treatment, in the form of clinically assisted nutrition and hydration, should continue to be provided to a patient in a minimally conscious state. Formally concerned with the English law pertaining to precedent autonomy (specifically advance decision-making) and the best interests of the incapacitated patient, the judgment issued in M's case implicitly engages with three different accounts of the value (...)
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  40.  11
    What is Life?: The Originality, Irreducibility, and Value of Life.Josef Seifert (ed.) - 1997 - Rodopi.
    This book makes four bold claims: 1) life is an ultimate datum, open to philosophical analysis and irreducible to physical reality; hence all materialist-reductionist explanations - most current theories - of life are false. 2) All life presupposes "soul" without which a being would at best fake life. 3) The concept of life is analogous and the most direct access to life in its irreducibility is gained through consciousness; 4) All life possesses an (...)
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  41.  38
    The Value of Life at the End of Life: A Critical Assessment of Hope and Other Factors.Paul T. Menzel - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):215-223.
    Low opportunity cost, weak influence of quality of life in the face of death, the social value of life extension to others, shifting psychological reference points, and hope have been proposed as factors to explain why people apparently perceive marginal life extension at the end of life to have disproportionately greater value than its length. Such value may help to explain why medical spending to extend life at the end of life (...)
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  42.  59
    The Value of Choice and the Choice to Value: Expanding the Discussion About Fetal Life Within Prochoice Advocacy.Bertha Alvarez Manninen - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (3):663-683.
    In this essay, I provide evidence that a new generation of prochoice advocates wishes to move away from defending abortion rights via the view that fetal life has little or no value and toward a more complex view of abortion rights. This newer view simultaneously grants that fetuses are more than simply “clumps of cells,” that they are, to some extent, entities that possess some degree of value, and also that women still have the right to decide (...)
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  43.  61
    Is Life of Infinite Value?Dena S. Davis - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (3):239-246.
    : It is possible and necessary to compare stretches of human life with other goods, such as the good of conserving resources for others. A minute of human life is not of infinite value; all else being equal, a minute of life is less valuable than 10 years of the same life. Nevertheless, this ability to evaluate human life does not necessarily lead to total commodification of human life.
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  44. Life After Postmodernism: Essays on Value and Culture.John Fekete (ed.) - 1988 - Macmillan Education.
    Life After Postmodernism is a pioneering text on the question of value in the postmodern scene. After a long hiatus in which discussions of value have been eclipsed by death of the subject in post-structuralist theory, this collection of essays suggest that we are on the threshold of a new value debate in contemporary politics, aesthetics, and society.
     
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  45. Poverty, Vulnerability, the Value of Human Life, and the Emergence of Bioethics.John H. Bryant - 1995 - In Zbigniew Bańkowski & John H. Bryant (eds.), Poverty, Vulnerability, the Value of Human Life, and the Emergence of Bioethics: Highlights and Papers of the Xxviiith Cioms Conference, Ixtapa, Guerrero State, Mexico, 17-20 April 1994. Cioms. pp. 28--27.
     
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  46.  4
    The Significance Of Adolescent's Value System In Creating Concept About Their Own Life.Maria Czerwińska-Jasiewicz - 2011 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 42 (4):198-204.
    The Significance Of Adolescent's Value System In Creating Concept About Their Own Life This paper presents a study on the significance of adolescent's value system in creating concept about their own life in the process of planning their own future. A hypothetical model of this concept is analysed, which identifies such main components as: preferred life style, life goals and plans, and decisions concerning their own future. This model acknowledges values as the main criterion (...)
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  47.  17
    The Capitalist Metabolism: An Unachieved Subsumption of Life Under the Value-Form.Timothée Haug - 2018 - Journal for Cultural Research 22 (2):191-203.
    This article views capitalism not only as a mode of production, but also as a mediation of the reproduction of life, following the concept of ‘social metabolism’ that Marx employs to analyze the interaction between the individuals composing a society and their natural environment. Insofar as the ‘value-form’ is the distinctive social relation of capitalism, it appears necessary to ask whether the metabolic process of reproduction can be fully subsumed under this form. Marx takes for granted the idea (...)
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  48.  18
    Judgments That Have Value "Only as Symptoms": Nietzsche on the Denial of Life in Twilight of the Idols. Elgat - 2017 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 48 (1):4-16.
    As is well known, one of the central “existential” goals of Nietzsche’s philosophy was to combat the No-saying attitude to life,1 which he took to be an expression of what he variably called physiological exhaustion, decadence, or sickness.2 This No-saying—which he contrasted with his ideal of life affirmation 3—he supposed to lie at the core of various philosophical and religious views such as Christianity, Buddhism, and Schopenhauerian Pessimism. All, in one way or another, shared in his view that (...)
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  49.  4
    Hans Jonas and the Value of Life.Jazmine Gabriel - 2013 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics 2 (1):103-114.
    Daniel Callahan, in his short article “Hans Jonas and Death,” writes that while he appreciates the perspective on death offered by Jonas in his “The Burden and Blessing of Mortality,” he is concerned by certain omissions that suggest Jonas may not have fully appreciated the value of life. Callahan writes that Jonas does not say “a great deal about why life is worth living,” give an account of the “meaning of evolution for human life,” or describe (...)
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  50.  2
    Quality of Life and Value Assessment in Health Care.Alicia Hall - 2020 - Health Care Analysis 28 (1):45-61.
    Proposals for health care cost containment emphasize high-value care as a way to control spending without compromising quality. When used in this context, ‘value’ refers to outcomes in relation to cost. To determine where health spending yields the most value, it is necessary to compare the benefits provided by different treatments. While many studies focus narrowly on health gains in assessing value, the notion of benefit is sometimes broadened to include overall quality of life. This (...)
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