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Lorenzo Magnani [109]L. Magnani [43]Giovanni Magnani [2]Barbara Magnani [2]
Robert J. Magnani [2]Adriano Magnani [1]Maria Cláudia Almeida Orlando Magnani [1]Lorenza Magnani [1]

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  1.  22
    Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning.Lorenzo Magnani - 2009 - Springer Verlag.
    Theoretical and manipulative abduction conjectures and manipulations : the extra-theoretical dimension of scientific discovery. -- Non-explanatory and instrumental abduction : plausibility, implausibility, ignorance preservation. -- Semiotic brains and artificial minds : how brains make up material cognitive systems. -- Neuromultimodal abduction : pre-wired brains, embidiment, neurospaces. -- Animal abduction : from mindless organisms to srtifactual mediators. -- Abduction, affordances, and cognitive niches : sharing representations and creating chances through cognitive niche construction. -- Abduction in human and logical agents : hasty (...)
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  2.  9
    The Abductive Structure of Scientific Creativity.Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
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  3. Abduction, Reason, and Science.L. Magnani - 2001 - Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
     
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  4.  59
    Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery.L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.) - 1999 - Kluwer/Plenum.
    The book Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery, aims to explain how specific modeling practices employed by scientists are productive methods of ...
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  5.  26
    Theoretical Considerations on Cognitive Niche Construction.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4757-4779.
    Cognitive niche theories consist in a theoretical framework that is proving extremely profitable in bridging evolutionary biology, philosophy, cognitive science, and anthropology by offering an inter-disciplinary ground, laden with novel approaches and debates. At the same time, cognitive niche theories are multiple, and differently related to niche theories in theoretical and evolutionary biology. The aim of this paper is to clarify the theoretical and epistemological relationships between cognitive and ecological niche theories. Also, by adopting a constructionist approach we will try (...)
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  6. Abduction, Reason, and Science Processes of Discovery and Explanation.Lorenzo Magnani - 2001
     
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  7.  18
    The Eco-Cognitive Model of Abduction.Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (3):285-315.
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  8.  43
    Morality in a Technological World: Knowledge as Duty.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The technological advances of contemporary society have outpaced our moral understanding of the problems that they create. How will we deal with profound ecological changes, human cloning, hybrid people, and eroding cyberprivacy, just to name a few issues? In this book, Lorenzo Magnani argues that existing moral constructs often cannot be applied to new technology. He proposes an entirely different ethical approach, one that blends epistemology with cognitive science. The resulting moral strategy promises renewed dignity for overlooked populations, both of (...)
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  9.  23
    Naturalizing Logic.Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (1):13-36.
  10. Model-Based Reasoning: Science, Technology, Values.L. Magnani & N. J. Nersessian (eds.) - 2002 - Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
     
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  11.  57
    An Epistemological Analysis of Gossip and Gossip-Based Knowledge.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2014 - Synthese 191 (17):4037-4067.
    Gossip has been the object of a number of different studies in the past 50 years, rehabilitating it not only as something worth being studied, but also as a pivotal informational and social structure of human cognition: Dunbar (Rev Gen Psychol 8(2):100–110, 2004) interestingly linked the emergence of language to nothing less than its ability to afford gossip. Different facets of gossip were analyzed by anthropologists, linguists, psychologists and philosophers, but few attempts were made to frame gossip within an epistemological (...)
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  12.  9
    Model-Based Creative Abduction.L. Magnani - 1999 - In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Academic/Plenum Publishers. pp. 219--238.
  13. Epistemic Mediators and Model-Based Discovery in Science.L. Magnani - 2002 - In L. Magnani & N. J. Nersessian (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning: Science, Technology, Values. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. pp. 305--329.
     
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  14.  62
    A Philosophical and Evolutionary Approach to Cyber-Bullying: Social Networks and the Disruption of Sub-Moralities.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (4):285-299.
    Cyber-bullying, and other issues related to violence being committed online in prosocial environments, are beginning to constitute an emergency worldwide. Institutions are particularly sensitive to the problem especially as far as teenagers are concerned inasmuch as, in cases of inter-teen episodes, the deterrent power of ordinary justice is not as effective as it is between adults. In order to develop the most suitable policies, institution should not be satisfied with statistics and sociological perspectives on the phenomenon, but rather seek a (...)
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  15. An Eco-Cognitive Model of Ignorance Immunization.Lorenzo Magnani & Selene Arfini - 2015 - In Woosuk Park, Ping Li & Lorenzo Magnani (eds.), Philosophy and Cognitive Science Ii. Springer Verlag.
     
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  16. Perceiving the Infinite and the Infinitesimal World: Unveiling and Optical Diagrams and the Construction of Mathematical Concepts.Lorenzo Magnani & Riccardo Dossena - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):7--23.
    Many important concepts of the calculus are difficult to grasp, and they may appear epistemologically unjustified. For example, how does a real function appear in “small” neighborhoods of its points? How does it appear at infinity? Diagrams allow us to overcome the difficulty in constructing representations of mathematical critical situations and objects. For example, they actually reveal the behavior of a real function not “close to” a point but “in” the point. We are interested in our research in the diagrams (...)
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  17.  10
    The Eco-Cognitive Model of Abduction II.Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Journal of Applied Logic 15:94-129.
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  18.  53
    Perceiving the Infinite and the Infinitesimal World: Unveiling and Optical Diagrams in Mathematics. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani & Riccardo Dossena - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):7-23.
    Many important concepts of the calculus are difficult to grasp, and they may appear epistemologically unjustified. For example, how does a real function appear in “small” neighborhoods of its points? How does it appear at infinity? Diagrams allow us to overcome the difficulty in constructing representations of mathematical critical situations and objects. For example, they actually reveal the behavior of a real function not “close to” a point (as in the standard limit theory) but “in” the point. We are interested (...)
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  19.  6
    Innate and Cultural Spatial Time: A Developmental Perspective.Barbara Magnani & Alessandro Musetti - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
    We reviewed literature to understand when a spatial map for time is available in the brain. We carefully defined the concepts of metrical map of time and of conceptual representation of time as the mental time line (MTL) in order to formulate our position. It is that both metrical map and conceptual representation of time are spatial in nature. The former should be innate, related to motor/implicit timing, it should represent all magnitudes with an analogic and bi-dimensional structure. The latter (...)
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  20.  10
    The Urgent Need of a Naturalized Logic.Lorenzo Magnani - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):44--0.
    The naturalization of logic aims at a revision of mainstream logic. In this article, I contend it is an urgent task to be completed. This new project will permit a new collaboration between logic and cognitive science. This can be accomplished doing for logic what many decades ago Quine and other philosophers undertook in the case of epistemology. First of all, this article analyzes how the naturalization can be achieved thanks to some insights provided by the recent John Woods’ book (...)
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  21.  14
    Is Abduction Ignorance-Preserving? Conventions, Models, and Fictions in Science.L. Magnani - 2013 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 21 (6):882--914.
  22.  46
    Understanding Violence: The Intertwining of Morality, Religion and Violence: A Philosophical Stance.Lorenzo Magnani - 2011 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume sets out to give a philosophical "applied" account of violence, engaged with both empirical and theoretical debates in other disciplines such as cognitive science, sociology, psychiatry, anthropology, political theory, ...
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  23.  93
    Model-Based and Manipulative Abduction in Science.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):219-247.
    What I call theoretical abduction (sentential and model-based)certainly illustrates much of what is important in abductive reasoning, especially the objective of selecting and creating a set of hypotheses that are able to dispense good (preferred) explanations of data, but fails to account for many cases of explanation occurring in science or in everyday reasoning when the exploitation of the environment is crucial. The concept of manipulative abduction is devoted to capture the role of action in many interesting situations: action provides (...)
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  24.  16
    AlphaGo, Locked Strategies, and Eco-Cognitive Openness.Lorenzo Magnani - 2019 - Philosophies 4 (1):8-0.
    Locked and unlocked strategies are at the center of this article, as ways of shedding new light on the cognitive aspects of deep learning machines. The character and the role of these cognitive strategies, which are occurring both in humans and in computational machines, is indeed strictly related to the generation of cognitive outputs, which range from weak to strong level of knowledge creativity. I maintain that these differences lead to important consequences when we analyze computational AI programs, such as (...)
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  25. Philosophy and Geometry Theoretical and Historical Issues.Lorenzo Magnani - 2001
     
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  26.  15
    The Antinomies of Serendipity How to Cognitively Frame Serendipity for Scientific Discoveries.Selene Arfini, Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2020 - Topoi 39 (4):939-948.
    During the second half of the last century, the importance of serendipitous events in scientific frameworks has been progressively recognized, fueling hard debates about their role, nature, and structure in philosophy and sociology of science. Alas, while discussing the relevance of the topic for the comprehension of the nature of scientific discovery, the philosophical literature has hardly paid attention to the cognitive significance of serendipity, accepting rather than examining some of its most specific features, such as its game-changing effect, the (...)
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  27.  36
    The Appeal of Gossiping Fallacies and its Eco-Logial Roots.Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):365-396.
    In this paper we show how some reasoning, though fallacious, can appear to be attractive and useful for beings-like-us. Although they do not provide conclusive evidence to support or reject a certain claim the way scientific statements do, they tell us something interesting about how humans build up their arguments and reasons. First of all, we will consider and investigate three main types of fallacies: argumentum ad hominem , argumentum ad verecundiam , and argumentum ad populum . These three fallacies (...)
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  28. Mathematics Through Diagrams: Microscopes in Non-Standard and Smooth Analysis.R. Dossena & L. Magnani - 2007 - In L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer. pp. 193--213.
     
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  29.  5
    Mimetic Minds. Meaning Formation Through Epistemic Mediators and External Representations.L. Magnani - 2006 - In A. Loula, R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Artificial Cognition Systems. Idea Group Publishers. pp. 327-357.
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  30.  3
    Philosophy and Geometry.L. Magnani - 2001 - Kluwer Academic Publisher.
    The total irrelevance of absolute space to scientific observation and experiment led him early to a most radical conclusion: experience cannot teach us anything about the true structure of space; consequently, the choice of a geometry for the ...
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  31.  3
    Autonomy and the Ownership of Our Own Destiny: Tracking the External World and Human Behavior, and Paradox of Autonomy.Lorenzo Magnani - 2020 - Philosophies 5 (12):12-0.
    Research on autonomy exhibits a constellation of variegated perspectives, from the problem of the crude deprivation of it to the study of the distinction between personal and moral autonomy, and from the problem of the role of a “self as narrator”, who classifies its own actions as autonomous or not, to the importance of the political side and, finally, to the need of defending and enhancing human autonomy. My precise concern in this article will be the examination of the role (...)
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  32.  4
    The Appeal of Gossiping Fallacies and its Eco-Logical Roots.Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):365-396.
    In this paper we show how some reasoning, though fallacious, can appear to be attractive and useful for beings-like-us. Although they do not provide conclusive evidence to support or reject a certain claim the way scientific statements do, they tell us something interesting about how humans build up their arguments and reasons. First of all, we will consider and investigate three main types of fallacies:argumentum ad hominem,argumentum ad verecundiam, andargumentum ad populum. These three fallacies are traditionally considered as examples of (...)
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  33. On the Representational Role of the Environment and on the Cognitive Nature of Manipulations.Alberto Gatti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2005 - In L. Magnani & R. Dossena (eds.), Computing, Philosophy and Cognition. pp. 227--242.
  34.  5
    Introduction: knowing the unknown.Selene Arfini & Lorenzo Magnani - forthcoming - Synthese:1-5.
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  35. Semiotic Brains and Artificial Minds. How Brains Make Up Material Cognitive Systems.L. Magnani - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 1--41.
  36.  15
    An Abductive Theory of Scientific Reasoning.Lorenzo Magnani - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (153 - 1/4):261-286.
    More than a hundred years ago, the American philosopher C. S. Peirce suggested the idea of pragmatism as a logical criterion to analyze what words and concepts express through their practical meaning. Many words have been spent on creative processes and reasoning, especially in the case of scientific practices. In fact, philosophers have usually offered a number of ways of construing hypotheses generation, but all aim at demonstrating that the activity of generating hypotheses is paradoxical, illusory or obscure, and thus (...)
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  37.  15
    Sharing Representations and Creating Chances Through Cognitive Niche Construction. The Role of Affordances and Abduction.L. Magnani & E. Bardone - 2008 - In S. Iwata, Y. Oshawa, S. Tsumoto, N. Zhong, Y. Shi & L. Magnani (eds.), Communications and Discoveries From Multidisciplinary Data. Springer. pp. 3--40.
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  38. Contemporary Finance as a Critical Cognitive Niche: An Epistemological Outlook on the Uncertain Effects of Contrasting Uncertainty.Lorenzo Magnani & Tommaso Bertolotti - 2017 - In Ping Chen & Emiliano Ippoliti (eds.), Methods and Finance. Springer Verlag.
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  39.  42
    MODEL-BASED REASONING IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.Lorenzo Magnani, Walter Carnielli & Claudio Pizzi (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
    This volume is based on the papers presented at the international conference Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology (MBR09_BRAZIL), held at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil, December 2009. The presentations given at the conference explored how scientific cognition, but several other kinds as well, use models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some speakers addressed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology, and stressed the issue of science and technological innovation. (...)
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  40. Logic and Abduction: Cognitive Externalizations in Demonstrative Environments.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):275-284.
    In her book Abductive Reasoning Atocha Aliseda (2006) stresses the attention to the logical models of abduction, centering on the semantic tableaux as a method for extending and improving both the whole cognitive/philosophical view on it and on other more restricted logical approaches. I will provide further insight on two aspects. The first is re-lated to the importance of increasing logical knowledge on abduction: Aliseda clearly shows how the logical study on abduction in turn helps us to extend and modernize (...)
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  41.  27
    Special Issue: Formal Representations in Model-Based Reasoning and Abduction.Lorenzo Magnani, Walter Carnielli & Claudio Pizzi - 2012 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (2):367-369.
    This is the preface of the special Issue: Formal Representations in Model-based Reasoning and Abduction, published at the Logic Jnl IGPL (2012) 20 (2): 367-369. doi: 10.1093/jigpal/jzq055 First published online: December 20, 2010.
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  42.  18
    Violence Hexagon.Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Logica Universalis 10 (2-3):359-371.
    In this article I will show why and how it is useful to exploit the hexagon of opposition to have a better and new understanding of the relationships between morality and violence and of fundamental axiological concepts. I will take advantage of the analysis provided in my book Understanding Violence. The Intertwining of Morality, Religion, and Violence: A Philosophical Stance. Springer, Heidelberg/Berlin, 2011) to stress some aspects of the relationship between morality and violence, also reworking some ideas by John Woods (...)
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  43.  41
    Conjectures and Manipulations. Computational Modeling and the Extra- Theoretical Dimension of Scientific Discovery.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (4):507-538.
    Computational philosophy (CP) aims at investigating many important concepts and problems of the philosophical and epistemological tradition in a new way by taking advantage of information-theoretic, cognitive, and artificial intelligence methodologies. I maintain that the results of computational philosophy meet the classical requirements of some Peircian pragmatic ambitions. Indeed, more than a 100 years ago, the American philosopher C.S. Peirce, when working on logical and philosophical problems, suggested the concept of pragmatism(pragmaticism, in his own words) as a logical criterion to (...)
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  44.  44
    Distributed Morality: Externalizing Ethical Knowledge in Technological Artifacts. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani & Emanuele Bardone - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):99-108.
    Technology moves us to a better world. We contend that through technology people can simplify and solve moral tasks when they are in presence of incomplete information and possess a diminished capacity to act morally. Many external things, usually inert from the moral point of view, can be transformed into the so-called moral mediators. Hence, not all of the moral tools are inside the head, many of them are shared and distributed in “external” objects and structures which function as ethical (...)
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  45.  15
    Cognitive Autoimmunity Knowledge, Ignorance and Self-Deception.Selene Arfini & Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (1).
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  46.  14
    Truth-Seeking by Abduction by Ilkka Niiniluoto.Lorenzo Magnani - 2019 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 55 (2):207-209.
    This excellent book, written by a reputed researcher on philosophy of science and former Chancellor of the University of Helsinki, is both difficult and rewarding. Approaching the problem of abduction from a multidisciplinary perspective, the book contends that a great part of human activity of truth-seeking is due to the hypothetical reasoning performed thanks to abductive skills. The book is the fruit of decades of rich research and collects and reorganizes various articles about abduction or related topics basically oriented by (...)
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  47.  5
    Changing Auditory Time with Prismatic Goggles.Barbara Magnani, Francesco Pavani & Francesca Frassinetti - 2012 - Cognition 125 (2):233-243.
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  48.  53
    Morphodynamical Abduction. Causation by Attractors Dynamics of Explanatory Hypotheses in Science.Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):107-132.
    Philosophers of science today by and large reject the cataclysmic and irrational interpretation of the scientific enterprise claimed by Kuhn. Many computational models have been implemented to rationally study the conceptual change in science. In this recent tradition a key role is played by the concept of abduction as a mechanism by which new explanatory hypotheses are introduced. Nevertheless some problems in describing the most interesting abductive issues rise from the classical computational approach. It describes a cognitive process (and so (...)
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  49. Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine.L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.) - 2007 - Springer.
     
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  50. Preface.Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (2):29-32.
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