Results for 'materialism and dualism'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Of science and society.Dualism To Materialist - 1989 - In Alison M. Jaggar & Susan Bordo (eds.), Gender/body/knowledge: feminist reconstructions of being and knowing. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Materialism and dualism.David A. Spieler - 1977 - Personalist 58 (April):138-140.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Materialism and Dualism.David Spieler - 1977 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):138.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. On formulating materialism and dualism.Paul F. Snowdon - 1989 - In John Heil (ed.), Cause, Mind, and Reality: Essays Honoring C. B. Martin. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  5. Dualism, materialism, and the problem of postmortem survival.Kevin J. Corcoran - 2009 - In Kevin Timpe (ed.), Arguing about religion. New York: Routledge. pp. 437.
  6. Materialism and the contingency of dualism.Douglas Odegard - 1977 - Personalist 58 (April):135-137.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  46
    Immaterialist, Materialist, and Substance Dualist accounts of Incarnation.Andrew Loke - 2012 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 54 (4).
  8. Materialism and the Contingency of Dualism.Douglas Odegard - 1977 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):135.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  51
    Dualism, Materialism, and the Problem of Postmortem Survival.Kevin J. Corcoran - 2002 - Philosophia Christi 4 (2):411-425.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10. Taking vitalism and dualism seriously: Towards a more adequate materialism.William P. Bechtel - 1982 - Nature and System 4 (March-June):23-44.
  11.  37
    Materialism and mentality.G. D. Wassermann - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (4):715-30.
    MATERIALISTS claim that in principle mentality could be accounted for entirely by properties of matter. They must, of course, clarify, as far as possible, the precise scope of the concept "properties of matter." According to materialists there exists only one type of "substance" in the universe, namely matter. Sophisticated experimental and theoretical analyses have led contemporary physicists to interpret known material entities as being composed of two classes of elementary particles, namely quarks and leptons and constituents of interaction fields that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  12.  13
    Naturalism and Dualism.Joseph Levine - 2016 - In Kelly James Clark (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 209–219.
    I explore the relations among the doctrines of materialism, dualism, naturalism, and theism. I argue that there are two different versions of naturalism – I call them “narrow” and “broad” – which both derive from a core contrast between the intentional and the nonintentional. While narrow naturalism just is materialism, and so is obviously incompatible with dualism, I argue that dualism is consistent with broad naturalism. In fact, I argue that there are good reasons for (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  2
    Critique of the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory: A Refutation of Scientific Materialism and an Establishment of Mind-Matter Dualism by Means of Philosophy and Scientific Method.Eric P. Polten - 2019 - The Hague,: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG.
  14.  56
    Christian materialism and the parity thesis.Clifford Williams - 1996 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (1):1 - 14.
    John Locke asserted that God could have, if he wished, given the ability to think, feel, and love to matter instead of to spirit. The inference he drew from this assertion was that all the "ends of morality and religion" could be accounted for even if people were purely material. Matter and spirit, therefore, are on a par with respect to these ends. I argue for this parity, concluding that it doesn't matter whether Christians are materialists or dualists.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15. Critique of the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory. A refutation of scientific materialism and an establisment of mind-matter dualism by means of philosophy and scientific method.Eric P. Polten & John Eccles - 1973 - Studia Leibnitiana 7 (2):284-286.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Critique of the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory : A refutation of scientific materialism and an establishment of mind-matter dualism by means of philosophy and scientific method, 1 vol. coll., « New Babylon : Studies in the Social Sciences ».Eric P. Polten & John C. Eccles - 1975 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 165 (1):83-83.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  51
    Christian Materialism and the Quest for Human Personhood.Mikael Leidenhag - 2017 - Perichoresis 15 (2):83-100.
    This paper offers a critical exploration of philosopher Kevin Corcoran’s proposed Christian Materialism. Corcoran’s constitution view claimsthat we human persons are constituted by our bodies without being identical with the bodies that constitute us. I will critically evaluate this view and argue that Corcoran has not successfully managed to ground a first-person perspective and intentional states in materialism. Moreover, Corcoran’s property dualism about mental states and the idea of the causally efficacy of such states seem incompatible with (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Eric P. Polten. Critique of the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory: A Refutation of Scientific Materialism and an Establishment of Mind-Matter Dualism by Means of Philosophy and Scientific Method. [REVIEW]William J. Edgar - 1975 - Journal of Value Inquiry 9 (4):319.
  19.  97
    Christian Materialism and Demonic Temptation.Matthew J. Hart - 2018 - Philosophia Christi 20 (2):481–496.
    Demons have the power to cause temptations in us, and Christian materialism implies the supervenience of temptations on brain states. This in turn implies that demons bring about temptations by causally interfering with our brains. But if they have such an ability to affect the physical world, it is mysterious why they do not wreak more havoc than they do both to our brains and in the world more generally. Substance dualism provides an elegant solution: demonic temptation is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  75
    New Materialism and Neutralized Subjectivity. A Cultural Renewal?Pedro Sargento - 2013 - Cultura 10 (2):113-125.
    Abstract. In the increasingly notorious philosophy of new materialism, a serious attempt to redefine subjectivity in terms of its non-dualistic nature can be ascertained. The criticism on dualisms draws directly on a wider critique focusing the anthropocentric and correlationist models that shaped modernity and modern thought. In this paper, I consider new materialism’s non-dualism as a starting point from which a subsequent decline of subjectivity can be purported. This decline does not involve immediately, or at all, devaluation (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  7
    Breaking the Spell: Materialism and the Qualia Intuition.R. Henderson - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (7-8):184-192.
    The paper consists of a simple argument in favour of reductive materialism. It is argued that the usual arguments for dualism all presuppose what I call the qualia intuition , the assumption that qualia are functionally undefinable . This assumption has given rise to a long-standing dilemma; irreducible qualia or no qualia . The contrary assumption, ~QI, however, gives rise to a different choice; reducible qualia or no qualia . The real question then is: QI or ~QI ? (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  30
    Eliminative materialism and substantive commitments.Mark T. Nelson - 1991 - International Philosophical Quarterly (March) 39 (March):39-49.
    This paper is an attempt to bring some order to a classic debate over the mind/body problem. I formulate the dualist, identity, and eliminativist positions and then examine the disagreement between eliminativists and their critics. I show how the apparent impasse between eliminativists and non-eliminativists can be helpfully interpreted in the light of the higher-order debate over methodological versus substantive commitments in philosophy. I argue that non-eliminativist positions can be defended using Roderick Chisholm's defense of what he calls "particularism" in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  52
    Nonreductive materialism and the materialisms of Marx and Heidegger.Douglas V. Porpora - 1982 - Human Studies 5 (1):13 - 30.
    The objective of this paper is to reconsider the relationship between marxism and existential-phenomenological sociology in light of margolis' (1978) recent articulation and systematic defense of what he terms nonreductive materialism--a material monist ontology which acknowledges an irreducible dualism of attributes. it is argued that reductive materialism is philosophically indefensible and that the most important reasons for thinking that marxism entails reductive materialism are mistaken.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  6
    Materialism Most Miserable: The Prospects for Dualist and Physicalist Accounts of Resurrection.Jonathan J. Loose - 2018 - In Jonathan J. Loose, Angus John Louis Menuge & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism. Oxford, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 470-487.
    Stephen Davis's detailed assessment of the doctrine of the general resurrection suggests that it is the claim that those who have died will persist into a subsequent, embodied life by means of a divine miracle. The dualist's account of resurrection depends on the possibility that the identity of a person over time is preserved by the persistence of a simple immaterial substance with no necessary connection to a particular physical or psychological career. This chapter argues that the seemingly preposterous simulacrum (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  46
    Critique of the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory, a Refutation of Scientific Materialism and an Establishment of Mind-Matter Dualism by Means of Philosophy and Scientific Method. [REVIEW]S. P. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):809-810.
    This book is a rationalist critique of the identity theory, oriented by a discussion of Feigl’s significance-reference distinction. Large chapters on the impossibility of identity, on both methodological and empirical grounds, are filled with helpful quotes and clear interpretations of contemporary theories. For Polten dualism is not resolved by language clarification. "Morning star" and "evening star" do not have the same sense, nor do they refer to the same extension. They could not be substituted for one another. "X = (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  15
    Materialism, Minds, and Cartesian Dualism.Robert Francis Almeder - 2022 - Lanham: Hamilton Books.
    The book takes well-established, scientific evidence on consciousness to interrogate, and re envisions questions of personal reincarnation and thus of the mind/body problem. Methodologically, the basis of the book is rooted in the careful argumentation and logical appraisal of classical materialism and the history of the mind-body problem.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Dualism and Materialism.Peter van Inwagen - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (4):475-488.
    The thesis that dualism is a Greek import into Christianity and that the Christian hope of eternal life does not presuppose dualism has recently begun to win adherents. This paper is a defense of this thesis. One philosophical argument for dualism (that dualism best explains the phenomenon of sensuous experience) is briefly discussed and is rejected. The body of the paper addresses the relevant creedal and biblical data. The paper closes with a discussion of the question (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  28.  47
    Dualism and Materialism.Peter van Inwagen - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (4):475-488.
    The thesis that dualism is a Greek import into Christianity and that the Christian hope of eternal life does not presuppose dualism has recently begun to win adherents. This paper is a defense of this thesis. One philosophical argument for dualism (that dualism best explains the phenomenon of sensuous experience) is briefly discussed and is rejected. The body of the paper addresses the relevant creedal and biblical data. The paper closes with a discussion of the question (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  29. Human Centrism, Animist Materialism, And The Critique Of Rationalism In Val Plumwood's Critical Ecological Feminism.Mélanie Ahkin - 2010 - Emergent Australasian Philosophers 3 (1).
    Val Plumwood's critical ecological feminism proposes a theorisation of the conceptual and logical foundations underlying the oppressions of women and nature within dominant western philosophical traditions, and a challenge to the dominant rationalist framework of mastery to which these oppressions are attributed. The present paper proposes, firstly, to expound the trajectory and development of CEF through Plumwood's body of work. Secondly, it will defend CEF from objections proposed by John Andrews, including that the critique of dualism fails to prove (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  14
    The Knowledge Argument Against Materialism and the Strategy of Phenomenal Concepts.Dmytro Sepetyi - 2023 - Filosofska Dumka (Philosophical Thought) 3:93-110.
    Materialism/physicalism that generally dominates in the contemporary analytic philosophy is challenged by fairly powerful anti-materialist arguments, notably the zombie argument (most influentially defended by David Chalmers) and the knowledge argument (the most widely discussed version of which was advanced and defended by Frank Jackson). These arguments highlight the explanatory gap from the physical (which, if materialism is true, should constitute everything that exists, including consciousness) to phenomenal mental states, the principal impossibility to explain the latter by the former, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. The compatibility of property dualism and substance materialism.Eric Yang - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3211-3219.
    Several philosophers have argued that property dualism and substance materialism are incompatible positions. Recently, Susan Schneider has provided a novel version of such an argument, claiming that the incompatibility will be evident once we examine some underlying metaphysical issues. She purports to show that on any account of substance and property-possession, substance materialism and property dualism turn out incompatible. In this paper, I argue that Schneider’s case for incompatibility between these two positions fails. After briefly laying (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32. Why Dualism (and Materialism) Fail to Account for Consciousness.John Searle - 2010 - In Richard E. Lee (ed.), Questioning Nineteenth Century Assumptions About Knowledge, Iii: Dualism. Suny Press. pp. 5-48.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  33. McGinn's materialism and epiphenomenalism.F. W. Dauer - 2001 - Analysis 61 (2):136-139.
    Colin McGinn urged that while a brain state P explains consciousness, a conception P is cognitively inaccessible to us. This paper argues that McGinn's argument for his form of materialism is committed to P being epiphenomenal or causally inert relative to such things as the movements of our bodies. As a result, McGinn's materialism creates a duality in the brain and thereby faces the same problem of epiphenomenalism which plagues the Cartesian dualist.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Non-Cartesian Substance Dualism and Materialism Without Reductionism.Eleonore Stump - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (4):505-531.
    The major Western monotheisms, and Christianity in particular, are often supposed to be committed to a substance dualism of a Cartesian sort. Aquinas, however, has an account of the soul which is non-Cartesian in character. He takes the soul to be something essentially immaterial or configurational but nonetheless realized in material components. In this paper, I argue that Aquinas’s account is coherent and philosophically interesting; in my view, it suggests not only that Cartesian dualism isn’t essential to Christianity (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  35. Dualism, materialism, idealism, and psi: A reply to John Palmer.David Ray Griffin - 1994 - Journal of the American Society of Psychical Research 88:23-39.
  36.  63
    Materialism, Dualism and Functionalism in Aristotle′s Philosophy of Mind.Rita Manning - 1985 - Apeiron 19 (1):11 - 23.
  37. Value, dualism and materialism.Charles Taliaferro - 2020 - In Alexander J. B. Hampton & John Peter Kenney (eds.), Christian Platonism: A History. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  88
    Pushing dualism to an extreme: On the philosophical impetus of a new materialism.Rick Dolphijn & Iris Tuin - 2011 - Continental Philosophy Review 44 (4):383-400.
    This article discusses the way in which a group of contemporary cultural theorists in whose work we see a “new materialism” (a term coined by Braidotti and DeLanda) at work constitutes a philosophy of difference by traversing the dualisms that form the backbone of modernist thought. Continuing the ideas of Lyotard and Deleuze they have set themselves to a rewriting of all possible forms of emancipation that are to be found. This rewriting exercise involves a movement in thought that, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  39. An Augustinian philosopher between dualism and materialism: Ernan McMullin on human emergence.Paul L. Allen - 2013 - Zygon 48 (2):294-304.
    In claiming the independence of theology from science, Ernan McMullin nevertheless saw the danger of separating these disciplines on questions of mutual significance, as his accompanying article “Biology and the Theology of the Human” in this edition of Zygon shows. This paper analyzes McMullin's adoption of emergence as a qualified endorsement of a view that avoids the excesses of both dualism and materialism. I argue that McMullin's distinctive contribution is the conceptual clarification of emergence in the light of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  18
    Brain–mind identities in dualism and materialism: a historical perspective.Timo Kaitaro - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (4):627-645.
    So-called identity theories that postulate the identity of mental phenomena with brain states are usually associated with materialistic ontology. However, the historical picture of the actual attempts at spelling out the mind–brain identities is more complex. In the eighteenth century such identities were most enthusiastically proposed by dualists, whereas non-reductionistic materialists such as Diderot tried to get along without them. In the nineteenth century physiologists such as Broca, Charcot and Wernicke, who postulated discrete and localizable neural correlates for ideas and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41.  43
    Brain–mind identities in dualism and materialism: a historical perspective.Timo Kaitaro - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (4):627-645.
    So-called identity theories that postulate the identity of mental phenomena with brain states are usually associated with materialistic ontology. However, the historical picture of the actual attempts at spelling out the mind–brain identities is more complex. In the eighteenth century such identities were most enthusiastically proposed by dualists , whereas non-reductionistic materialists such as Diderot tried to get along without them. In the nineteenth century physiologists such as Broca, Charcot and Wernicke, who postulated discrete and localizable neural correlates for ideas (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42. Dualism/materialism.Robert T. Herbert - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):159-75.
    I argue that in rejecting Cartesian ‘mind’ and retaining Cartesian ‘body’, materialism/physicalism falls to the allure of three charming but deadly ‘eliminative’ identities: perceivable properties become particles in motion; perception, by being ‘sensationized’, turns into neuronal activity; and a perceiver becomes a brain in a body. In rebuttal I argue that ‘particles in motion’ does not nullify but instead preserves the perceivable properties it seeks to explain; ‘neuronal activity’ is not a reduction of, but is doubtlessly necessary to, perception; (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43. Central state materialism, dualism, and disembodied existence.David A. Spieler - 1974 - Personalist 55 (4):354-355.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  56
    Pushing dualism to an extreme: On the philosophical impetus of a new materialism.Rick Dolphijn & Iris van der Tuin - 2011 - Continental Philosophy Review 44 (4):383-400.
    This article discusses the way in which a group of contemporary cultural theorists in whose work we see a “new materialism” (a term coined by Braidotti and DeLanda) at work constitutes a philosophy of difference by traversing the dualisms that form the backbone of modernist thought. Continuing the ideas of Lyotard and Deleuze they have set themselves to a rewriting of all possible forms of emancipation that are to be found. This rewriting exercise involves a movement in thought that, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45. Quantum interactive dualism - an alternative to materialism.Henry P. Stapp - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (11):43-58.
    _René Descartes proposed an interactive dualism that posits an interaction between the_ _mind of a human being and some of the matter located in his or her brain. Isaac Newton_ _subsequently formulated a physical theory based exclusively on the material/physical_ _part of Descartes’ ontology. Newton’s theory enforced the principle of the causal closure_ _of the physical, and the classical physics that grew out of it enforces this same principle._ _This classical theory purports to give, in principle, a complete deterministic (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  46.  22
    Locke’s Touchy Subjects: Materialism and Immortality by Nicholas Jolley. [REVIEW]Benjamin Hill - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (3):503-504.
    Jolley’s slim book joins a slew of recent work on Locke’s metaphysics of persons. The two “touchy subjects” of the title were the immortality of an immaterial soul and the resurrection of the same body. Jolley’s interpretive thesis is that Locke propounded a form of weak materialism, that is, property dualism. He set this up as a corrective to the common reading that Locke was agnostic about the metaphysical state of the soul. As Jolley sees it, Locke’s thinking (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Panpsychism and Non-standard Materialism: Some Comparative Remarks.Daniel Stoljar - 2019 - In William Seager (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Panpsychism. Routledge.
    Much of contemporary philosophy of mind is marked by a dissatisfaction with the two main positions in the field, standard materialism and standard dualism, and hence with the search for alternatives. My concern in this paper is with two such alternatives. The first, which I will call non-standard materialism, is a position I have defended in a number of places, and which may take various forms. The second, panpsychism, has been defended and explored by a number of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  48.  10
    De-Conditioning and Images of the Mind: Scientific Images and Dualistic Images.Joshua R. Farris - 2023 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 7 (3):31-47.
    “De-Conditioning and Images of the Mind” explores the categories of Stephen Priest as developed in his article, “The Unconditioned Soul.” Through an analysis of historical and contemporary examples of the “conditioned” mode in recent philosophical and scientific discussions of the mind, the article articulates limitations of the proposed methods and advances examples of “de-conditioning” the mind that point in the direction of what Priest calls the “unconditioned.”.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Quantum interactive dualism: An alternative to materialism.Henry P. Stapp - 2005 - Zygon 41 (3):599-615.
    René Descartes proposed an interactive dualism that posits an interaction between the mind of a human being and some of the matter located in his or her brain. Isaac Newton subsequently formulated a physical theory based exclusively on the material/physical part of Descartes’ ontology. Newton’s theory enforced the principle of the causal closure of the physical, and the classical physics that grew out of it enforces this same principle. This classical theory purports to give, in principle, a complete deterministic (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  50. John Foster.A. Defense Of Dualism - 2002 - In William Lane Craig (ed.), Philosophy of religion: a reader and guide. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000