Results for 'meditation'

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  1. Mindfulness Meditation Improves Cognition: Evidence of Brief Mental Training☆.Fadel Zeidan, Susan K. Johnson, Bruce J. Diamond, Zhanna David & Paula Goolkasian - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):597-605.
    Although research has found that long-term mindfulness meditation practice promotes executive functioning and the ability to sustain attention, the effects of brief mindfulness meditation training have not been fully explored. We examined whether brief meditation training affects cognition and mood when compared to an active control group. After four sessions of either meditation training or listening to a recorded book, participants with no prior meditation experience were assessed with measures of mood, verbal fluency, visual coding, (...)
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  2. Meditation and the Neuroscience of Consciousness: An Introduction.John D. Dunne, Antione Lutz & Richard Davidson - 2007 - In Morris Moscovitch, Philip Zelazo & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
  3.  57
    Psychedelics, Meditation, and Self-Consciousness.Raphaël Millière, Robin L. Carhart-Harris, Leor Roseman, Fynn-Mathis Trautwein & Aviva Berkovich-Ohana - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    In recent years, the scientific study of meditation and psychedelic drugs has seen remarkable developments. The increased focus on meditation in cognitive neuroscience has led to a cross-cultural classification of standard meditation styles validated by functional and structural neuroanatomical data. Meanwhile, the renaissance of psychedelic research has shed light on the neurophysiology of altered states of consciousness induced by classical psychedelics, such as psilocybin and LSD, whose effects are mainly mediated by agonism of serotonin receptors. Few attempts (...)
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  4. Meditation, Mindfulness and Cognitive Flexibility.Adam Moore & Peter Malinowski - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):176--186.
    This study investigated the link between meditation, self-reported mindfulness and cognitive flexibility as well as other attentional functions. It compared a group of meditators experienced in mindfulness meditation with a meditation-naïve control group on measures of Stroop interference and the “d2-concentration and endurance test”. Overall the results suggest that attentional performance and cognitive flexibility are positively related to meditation practice and levels of mindfulness. Meditators performed significantly better than non-meditators on all measures of attention. Furthermore, self-reported (...)
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  5.  21
    Meditation and the Cultivation of Virtue.Candace Upton - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (4):373-394.
    In recent decades, social psychology has produced an expansive array of studies wherein introducing a seemingly morally innocuous feature into the situation a subject inhabits often yields morally questionable, dubious, or even appalling behavior. Several fascinating lines of philosophical enquiry issue from this research, but the most pragmatically salient question concerns how we ought most effectively to develop and maintain the virtues so that such putatively morally problematic behavior is less likely to occur. In this paper, I examine four empirically (...)
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  6.  20
    Meditation-Related Activations Are Modulated by the Practices Needed to Obtain It and by the Expertise: An ALE Meta-Analysis Study.Barbara Tomasino, Sara Fregona, Miran Skrap & Franco Fabbro - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  7. Meditation and the Neuroscience of Consciousness: An Introduction.A. Lutz, J. D. Dunne & R. J. Davidson - 2006 - In Morris Moscovitch, Philip Zelazo & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press. pp. 497-549.
  8.  30
    Zen Meditation and Access to Information in the Unconscious.Madelijn Strick, Tirza Hj van Noorden, Rients R. Ritskes, Jan R. de Ruiter & Ap Dijksterhuis - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1476-1481.
    In two experiments and two different research paradigms, we tested the hypothesis that Zen meditation increases access to accessible but unconscious information. Zen practitioners who meditated in the lab performed better on the Remote Associate Test than Zen practitioners who did not meditate. In a new, second task, it was observed that Zen practitioners who meditated used subliminally primed words more than Zen practitioners who did not meditate. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.
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  9.  13
    Nondirective Meditation Activates Default Mode Network and Areas Associated with Memory Retrieval and Emotional Processing.Jian Xu, Alexandra Vik, Inge R. Groote, Jim Lagopoulos, Are Holen, Øyvind Ellingsen, Asta K. Håberg & Svend Davanger - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  10.  35
    Mindfulness Meditation Counteracts Self-Control Depletion.Malte Friese, Claude Messner & Yves Schaffner - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1016-1022.
    Mindfulness meditation describes a set of different mental techniques to train attention and awareness. Trait mindfulness and extended mindfulness interventions can benefit self-control. The present study investigated the short-term consequences of mindfulness meditation under conditions of limited self-control resources. Specifically, we hypothesized that a brief period of mindfulness meditation would counteract the deleterious effect that the exertion of self-control has on subsequent self-control performance. Participants who had been depleted of self-control resources by an emotion suppression task showed (...)
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  11.  90
    Meditation and Self-Control.Noa Latham - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (7):1779-1798.
    This paper seeks to analyse an under-discussed kind of self-control, namely the control of thoughts and sensations. I distinguish first-order control from second-order control and argue that their central forms are intentional concentration and intentional mindfulness respectively. These correspond to two forms of meditation, concentration meditation and mindfulness meditation, which have been regarded as central both in the traditions in which the practices arose and in the scientific literature on meditation. I analyse them in terms of (...)
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  12. Meditation and Mental Freedom: A Buddhist Theory of Free Will.Rick Repetti - 2010 - Journal of Buddhist Ethics 17:166-212.
    I argue for a possible Buddhist theory of free will that combines Frankfurt's hierarchical analysis of meta-volitional/volitional accord with elements of the Buddhist eightfold path that prescribe that Buddhist aspirants cultivate meta-volitional wills that promote the mental freedom that culminates in enlightenment, as well as a causal/functional analysis of how Buddhist meditative methodology not only plausibly makes that possible, but in ways that may be applied to undermine Galen Strawson's impossibility argument, along with most of the other major arguments for (...)
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  13. Meditation Matters: Replies to the Anti-McMindfulness Bandwagon!Rick Repetti & and Adam Burke Ron Purser, David Forbes - 2016 - In David Forbes Ron Purser (ed.), Handbook of Mindfulness: Culture, Context and Social Engagement. New Work, USA: Springer. pp. 473-494.
    A critical reply to the anti-mindfulness critics in the collection, who oppose the popular secularized adoption of mindfulness on various grounds (it is not Buddhism, it is Buddhism, it is a tool of neo-capitalist exploitation, etc.), I argue that mindfulness is a quality of consciousness, opposite mindlessness, that may be cultivated through practice, and is almost always beneficial to those who cultivate it.
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  14. Meditation and the Neuroscience of Consciousness.Antoine Lutz, John D. Dunne & Richard J. Davidson - 2007 - In P. D. Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 19--497.
    in Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness edited by Zelazo P., Moscovitch M. and Thompson E. (2007).
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  15. Buddhist Meditation and Consciousness of Time.P. Novak - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (3):267-77.
    This paper first reviews key Buddhist concepts of time anicca , khanavada and uji and then describes the way in which a particular form of Bhuddist meditation, vipassana, may be thought to actualize them in human experience. The chief aim of the paper is to present a heuristic model of how vipassana meditation, by eroding dispositional tendencies rooted in the body-unconscious alters psychological time, transforming our felt-experience of time from a binding to a liberating force.
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  16.  17
    Experiencing Meditation – Evidence for Differential Effects of Three Contemplative Mental Practices in Micro-Phenomenological Interviews.Marisa Przyrembel & Tania Singer - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 62:82-101.
  17.  34
    Buddhist Meditation as a Mystical Practice.Hans Schneider - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):773-787.
    On the basis of many years of personal experience the paper describes Buddhist meditation as a mystical practice. After a short discussion of the role of some central concepts in Buddhism, William James’ concept of religious experience is used to explain the goal of meditators as the achievement of a special kind of an experience of this kind. Systematically, its main point is to explain the difference between a craving for pleasant ‘mental events’ in the sense of short-term moods, (...)
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  18.  46
    Long-Term Meditation Training Induced Changes in the Operational Synchrony of Default Mode Network Modules During a Resting State.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Tarja Kallio-Tamminen - 2016 - Cognitive Processing 17 (1):27-37.
    Using theoretical analysis of self-consciousness concept and experimental evidence on the brain default mode network (DMN) that constitutes the neural signature of self-referential processes, we hypothesized that the anterior and posterior subnets comprising the DMN should show differences in their integrity as a function of meditation training. Functional connectivity within DMN and its subnets (measured by operational synchrony) has been measured in ten novice meditators using an electroencephalogram (EEG) recording in a pre-/post-meditation intervention design. We have found that (...)
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  19.  31
    Effect of Mindfulness Meditation on Brain–Computer Interface Performance.Lee-Fan Tan, Zoltan Dienes, Ashok Jansari & Sing-Yau Goh - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 23:12-21.
    Electroencephalogram based Brain–Computer Interfaces enable stroke and motor neuron disease patients to communicate and control devices. Mindfulness meditation has been claimed to enhance metacognitive regulation. The current study explores whether mindfulness meditation training can thus improve the performance of BCI users. To eliminate the possibility of expectation of improvement influencing the results, we introduced a music training condition. A norming study found that both meditation and music interventions elicited clear expectations for improvement on the BCI task, with (...)
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  20.  29
    Meditation Meets Behavioural Medicine. The Story of Experimental Research on Meditation.Jensine Andresen - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):11-12.
    This paper juxtaposes Asian spiritual narratives on meditation alongside medical and scientific narratives that emphasize meditation's efficacy in mitigating distress and increasing well-being. After proposing a working definition of meditation that enables it usefully to be distinguished from categories of similar practices such as prayer, I examine meditation's role in Mind/Body medicine in the West. Here, I survey a number of scientific studies of meditation, including the work of Dr. Herbert Benson and his colleagues who (...)
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  21. Waking, Dreaming, Being: Self and Consciousness in Neuroscience, Meditation, and Philosophy.Evan Thompson & Stephen Batchelor - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    A renowned philosopher of the mind, also known for his groundbreaking work on Buddhism and cognitive science, Evan Thompson combines the latest neuroscience research on sleep, dreaming, and meditation with Indian and Western philosophy of the mind, casting new light on the self and its relation to the brain. Thompson shows how the self is a changing process, not a static thing. When we are awake we identify with our body, but if we let our mind wander or daydream, (...)
     
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  22.  15
    Meditation Differently: Phenomenological-Psychological Aspects of Tibetan Buddhist (Mahamudra and sNying-Thig) Practices From Original Tibetan Sources.Mark Tatz & Herbert Guenther - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (4):653.
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  23. Meditation and Unity of Consciousness: A Perspective From Buddhist Epistemology. [REVIEW]Monima Chadha - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):111-127.
    The paper argues that empirical work on Buddhist meditation has an impact on Buddhist epistemology, in particular their account of unity of consciousness. I explain the Buddhist account of unity of consciousness and show how it relates to contemporary philosophical accounts of unity of consciousness. The contemporary accounts of unity of consciousness are closely integrated with the discussion of neural correlates of consciousness. The conclusion of the paper suggests a new direction in the search for neural correlates of state (...)
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  24.  4
    Compassion Meditation Increases Optimism Towards a Transgressor.Birgit Koopmann-Holm, Jocelyn Sze, Thupten Jinpa & Jeanne L. Tsai - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (5):1028-1035.
    ABSTRACTPast research reveals important connections between meditative practices and compassion. Most studies, however, focus on the effects of one type of meditation (vs. a no-intervention control...
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  25.  43
    Meditation Differently, Phenomenological-Psychological Aspects of Tibetan Buddhist (Mahāmudrā and Snying-Thig) Practices From Original Tibetan Sources.Herbert V. Guenther - 1992 - Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.
    Concept of meditation in Tibetan Buddhism. - Includes bibliographical references (p. [193]-198). - Includes indexes.
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  26.  17
    Mindfulness Meditation and Relaxation Training Increases Time Sensitivity.S. Droit-Volet, M. Fanget & M. Dambrun - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:86-97.
  27.  4
    Meditation in Action.Chogyam Trungpa - 1969 - Berkeleyshambala.
    This fortieth anniversary edition features a new afterword by Samuel Bercholz, founder of Shambhala Publications.
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  28. Attention Regulation and Monitoring in Meditation.Antoine Lutz, Heleen A. Slagter, John D. Dunne & Richard J. Davidson - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):163-169.
    Meditation can be conceptualized as a family of complex tial to be specific about the type of meditation practice emotional and attentional regulatory training regimes under investigation. Failure to make such distinctions developed for various ends, including the cultivation of..
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  29.  24
    Mindfulness Meditation Practice and Executive Functioning: Breaking Down the Benefit.Sara N. Gallant - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:116-130.
  30.  12
    Meditation-Induced States Predict Attentional Control Over Time.Lorenza S. Colzato, Roberta Sellaro, Iliana Samara, Matthijs Baas & Bernhard Hommel - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:57-62.
  31.  14
    A Defense of Buddhism, Meditation, and Free Will: A Theory of Mental Freedom.Rick Repetti - 2020 - Zygon 55 (2):540-564.
    This is my response to the criticisms of Gregg Caruso, David Cummiskey, and Karin Meyers, in their roles as members of the “Author Meets Critics” panel devoted to my book, Buddhism, Meditation, and Free Will: A Theory of Mental Freedom at the 2019 annual meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, organized by Christian Coseru. Caruso's main objection is that I am not sufficiently attentive to details of opposing arguments in Western philosophy, and Cummiskey's and Meyers’ (...)
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  32.  9
    Meditation-Induced Cognitive-Control States Regulate Response-Conflict Adaptation: Evidence From Trial-to-Trial Adjustments in the Simon Task.Lorenza S. Colzato, Roberta Sellaro, Iliana Samara & Bernhard Hommel - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:110-114.
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  33. The Psychology of Meditation: Research and Practice.Michael A. West (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Psychology of Meditation: Research and Practice explores the practice of meditation and mindfulness and presents accounts of the cognitive and emotional processes elicited during meditation practice. Written by researchers and practitioners with considerable experience in meditation practice and from different religious or philosophical perspectives, he book examines the evidence for the effects of meditation on emotional and physical well-being in therapeutic contexts and in applied settings. The areas covered include addictions, pain management, psychotherapy, physical (...)
     
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  34.  11
    Fifth Meditation Tins Revisited: A Reply to Criticisms of the Epistemic Interpretation.David Cunning - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (1):215 – 227.
    (2008). Fifth meditation TINs revisited: A reply to criticisms of the epistemic interpretation. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 215-227.
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  35.  3
    Meditation on Emptiness.Jeffrey Hopkins - 1986 - Philosophy East and West 36 (1):68-71.
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  36.  20
    Meditation and Neurofeedback.Tracy Brandmeyer & Arnaud Delorme - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  37. Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Meditation.Wolfgang Fasching - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):463-483.
    Many spiritual traditions employ certain mental techniques (meditation) which consist in inhibiting mental activity whilst nonetheless remaining fully conscious, which is supposed to lead to a realisation of one’s own true nature prior to habitual self-substantialisation. In this paper I propose that this practice can be understood as a special means of becoming aware of consciousness itself as such. To explain this claim I conduct some phenomenologically oriented considerations about the nature of consciousness qua presence and the problem of (...)
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  38.  7
    Does Meditation Alter Brain Responses to Negative Stimuli? A Systematic Review.Andressa A. Magalhaes, Leticia Oliveira, Mirtes G. Pereira & Carolina B. Menezes - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  39.  32
    Short-Term Meditation Increases Blood Flow in Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Insula.Yi-Yuan Tang, Qilin Lu, Hongbo Feng, Rongxiang Tang & Michael I. Posner - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  40.  12
    Meditation Focused on Self-Observation of the Body Impairs Metacognitive Efficiency.Carlos Schmidt, Gabriel Reyes, Mauricio Barrientos, Álvaro I. Langer & Jérôme Sackur - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 70:116-125.
  41.  41
    EEG-Guided Meditation: A Personalized Approach.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Tarja Kallio-Tamminen - 2015 - Journal of Physiology-Paris 109 (4-6):180-190.
    The therapeutic potential of meditation for physical and mental well-being is well documented, however the possibility of adverse effects warrants further discussion of the suitability of any particular meditation practice for every given participant. This concern highlights the need for a personalized approach in the meditation practice adjusted for a concrete individual. This can be done by using an objective screening procedure that detects the weak and strong cognitive skills in brain function, thus helping design a tailored (...)
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  42.  6
    Mindfulness Meditation Modulates Reward Prediction Errors in a Passive Conditioning Task.Ulrich Kirk & P. Read Montague - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  43.  22
    Meditation and Mindfulness.Martine Batchelor - 2011 - Contemporary Buddhism 12 (1):157--164.
    In this article I share some of my experiences of practising Korean Zen meditation and how, without ever mentioning the word ?mindfulness,? this practice helps us to become mindful. This leads me to suggest that the main ingredients of Buddhist meditation are samatha (which I will translate here as ?concentration?) and vipassan? (which I will call ?experiential enquiry?). No matter which Buddhist tradition one follows, the practice of samatha and vipassan? will lead to the cultivation of mindfulness. I (...)
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  44.  20
    A Meditation on Universal Dialogue.Kevin M. Brien - 2013 - Dialogue and Universalism 23 (3):35-62.
    This meditation is a series of reflections about some milestones along my philosophical journey that concern universals, universal definitions, claims to universal moral principles, and universal dialogue. It begins with a focus on the Socratic search for universal definitions of general terms; and it continues with a look at the way my discovery of non-Euclidean geometries began to challenge my attitude toward the possibility of universal definitions of all general terms. Along the way I bring out how Wittgenstein’s notion (...)
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  45.  30
    A Meditation on Hell: Lessons From Dante.James Wetzel - 2002 - Modern Theology 18 (3):375-394.
    This essay borrows Dante's inspiration in the Inferno to explore a theology of hell. The usual apologies for hell either bank on a retributive paradigm of justice or are content to have hell introduce a note of tragedy into the history of redemption. The theology that is culled from Dante, and especially from his handling of Virgil's place and authority in hell, is neither retributive in its justice nor tragic in its vision. Dante shows us how to make some sense (...)
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  46.  10
    Yoga, Meditation and Mind-Body Health: Increased BDNF, Cortisol Awakening Response, and Altered Inflammatory Marker Expression After a 3-Month Yoga and Meditation Retreat.B. Rael Cahn, Matthew S. Goodman, Christine T. Peterson, Raj Maturi & Paul J. Mills - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  47.  52
    Meditation, Trauma and Suffering in Silence: Raising Questions About How Meditation is Taught and Practiced in Western Contexts in the Light of a Contemporary Trauma Resiliency Model.Jane Compson - 2014 - Contemporary Buddhism 15 (2):274-297.
    Although there are very few published studies on the issue, there is much anecdotal evidence that, despite all its undisputed benefits, meditation practice can have psychologically deleterious effects. In this paper I will describe a body-based model for understanding trauma, the Trauma Resiliency model, and suggest it might be a helpful tool in anticipating, preventing and/or mitigating these effects. I will argue that Buddhist traditions are replete with frameworks, tools and techniques for addressing some of the psychological pitfalls highlighted. (...)
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  48. Attentional Processes and Meditation.Holley S. Hodgins & Kathryn C. Adair - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):872--878.
    Visual attentional processing was examined in adult meditators and non-meditators on behavioral measures of change blindness, concentration, perspective-shifting, selective attention, and sustained inattentional blindness. Results showed that meditators noticed more changes in flickering scenes and noticed them more quickly, counted more accurately in a challenging concentration task, identified a greater number of alternative perspectives in multiple perspectives images, and showed less interference from invalid cues in a visual selective attention task, but did not differ on a measure of sustained inattentional (...)
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  49.  36
    A Neurocognitive Model of Meditation Based on Activation Likelihood Estimation (ALE) Meta-Analysis.Marco Sperduti, Pénélope Martinelli & Pascale Piolino - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):269-276.
    Meditation comprises a series of practices mainly developed in eastern cultures aiming at controlling emotions and enhancing attentional processes. Several authors proposed to divide meditation techniques in focused attention and open monitoring techniques. Previous studies have reported differences in brain networks underlying FA and OM. On the other hand common activations across different meditative practices have been reported. Despite differences between forms of meditation and their underlying cognitive processes, we propose that all meditative techniques could share a (...)
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  50.  64
    Duality and Nonduality in Meditation Research☆.Zoran Josipovic - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1119-1121.
    The great variety of meditation techniques found in different contemplative traditions presents a challenge when attempting to create taxonomies based on the constructs of contemporary cognitive sciences. In the current issue of Consciousness and Cognition, Travis and Shear add ‘automatic self-transcending’ to the previously proposed categories of ‘focused attention’ and ‘open monitoring’, and suggest characteristic EEG bands as the defining criteria for each of the three categories. Accuracy of current taxonomies and potential limitations of EEG measurements as classifying criteria (...)
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