Results for 'mentalism'

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  1. Mentalism Versus Behaviourism in Economics: A Philosophy-of-Science Perspective.Franz Dietrich & Christian List - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (2):249-281.
    Behaviourism is the view that preferences, beliefs, and other mental states in social-scientific theories are nothing but constructs re-describing people's behaviour. Mentalism is the view that they capture real phenomena, on a par with the unobservables in science, such as electrons and electromagnetic fields. While behaviourism has gone out of fashion in psychology, it remains influential in economics, especially in ‘revealed preference’ theory. We defend mentalism in economics, construed as a positive science, and show that it fits best (...)
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  2. Mentalism and Epistemic Transparency.Declan Smithies - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):723-741.
    Questions about the transparency of evidence are central to debates between factive and non-factive versions of mentalism about evidence. If all evidence is transparent, then factive mentalism is false, since no factive mental states are transparent. However, Timothy Williamson has argued that transparency is a myth and that no conditions are transparent except trivial ones. This paper responds by drawing a distinction between doxastic and epistemic notions of transparency. Williamson's argument may show that no conditions are doxastically transparent, (...)
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  3.  26
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.Judson Webb - 1980 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  4.  81
    Mentalism is Not Epistemic Ur-Internalism.Evan Butts - 2012 - Philosophical Explorations 15 (2):233 - 249.
    Earl Conee and Richard Feldman claim that mentalism identifies the core of internalist epistemology. This is what I call identifying ur-internalism. Their version of ur-internalism differs from the traditional one ? viz., accessibilism ? by not imposing requirements stipulating that subjects must have reflective access to facts which justify their beliefs for these beliefs to be justified. Instead, justification simply supervenes on the mental lives of subjects. I argue that mentalism fails to establish itself as ur-internalism by demonstrating (...)
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  5. Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification).Todd R. Long - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (2):251-266.
    Michael Bergmann seeks to motivate his externalist, proper function theory of epistemic justification by providing three objections to the mentalism and mentalist evidentialism characteristic of nonexternalists such as Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. Bergmann argues that (i) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that justification depends on mental states; (ii) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that the epistemic fittingness of an epistemic input to a belief-forming process must be due to an essential feature of (...)
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  6. A Causal-Mentalist View of Propositions.Jeremiah Joven Joaquin & James Franklin - 2022 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 29 (1):47-77.
    In order to fulfil their essential roles as the bearers of truth and the relata of logical relations, propositions must be public and shareable. That requirement has favoured Platonist and other nonmental views of them, despite the well-known problems of Platonism in general. Views that propositions are mental entities have correspondingly fallen out of favour, as they have difficulty in explaining how propositions could have shareable, objective properties. We revive a mentalist view of propositions, inspired by Artificial Intelligence work on (...)
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  7.  93
    A Mentalist Framework for Linguistic and Extralinguistic Communication.Bruno G. Bara & Maurizio Tirassa - 2010 - Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 9:182-193.
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  8.  14
    Should Mentalistic Concepts Be Defended or Assumed?E. W. Menzel & Garcia K. Johnson - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):586-587.
  9.  32
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.Stewart Shapiro - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (2):472.
  10.  42
    Against Mentalism in Teleology.Mark A. Bedau - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (1):61 - 70.
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  11. In Defense of Mentalism and Emergent Interaction.Roger W. Sperry - 1991 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 12 (2):221-245.
    The mentalist mind-brain model is defended against alleged weaknesses. I argue that the perceived failings are based mostly on misinterpretation of mentalism and emergent interaction. Considering the paradigmatic concepts at issue and broad implications, I try to better clarify the misread mentalist view, adding more inclusive detail, relevant background, further analysis, and comparing its foundational concepts with those of the new cognitive paradigm in psychology. A changed "emergent interactionist" form of causation is posited that combines traditional microdeterminism with emergent (...)
     
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  12.  12
    Mechanism, Mentalism, and Metamathematics.Christopher S. Hill & Judson C. Webb - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):276.
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  13.  62
    Behaviourism, Mentalism, and Quine's Indeterminacy Thesis.Harry Beatty - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (2):97 - 110.
  14.  5
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.Judson Webb - 1981 - Noûs 15 (4):559-566.
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  15. Evidentialism, Time-Slice Mentalism, and Dreamless Sleep.Andrew Moon - 2018 - In McCain Kevin (ed.), Believing in Accordance With the Evidence: New Essays on Evidentialism. Springer Verlag.
    I argue that the following theses are both popular among evidentialists but also jointly inconsistent with evidentialism: 1) Time-Slice Mentalism: one’s justificational properties at t are grounded only by one’s mental properties at t; 2) Experience Ultimacy: all ultimate evidence is experiential; and 3) Sleep Justification: we have justified beliefs while we have dreamless, nonexperiential sleep. Although I intend for this paper to be a polemic against evidentialists, it can also be viewed as an opportunity for them to clarify (...)
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  16.  62
    The Recognition of Mentalistic Agents in Infancy.Susan C. Johnson - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):22-28.
  17.  18
    Mentalistic Metatheory and Strategies.Donelson E. Dulany - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):337-338.
    Mentalism (Dulany 1991; 1997) provides a metatheoretical alternative to the dominant cognitive view. This commentary briefly outlines its main propositions and what I see as strategies for its use and support at this stage. These propositions represent conscious states as the sole carriers of symbolic representations, and mental episodes as consisting exclusively of conscious states interrelated by nonconscious operations.
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  18.  59
    Mentalism, Information, and Consciousness.Richard A. Carlson - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):333-333.
    The target article addresses important empirical issues, but adopts a nonanalytic stance toward consciousness and presents the mentalistic view as a very radical position that rules out informational description of anything other than conscious mental states. A better mentalistic strategy is to show how the structure of some informational states is both constitutive of consciousness and necessary for psychological functions.
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  19.  33
    On Mentalism, Privacy, and Behaviorism.Jay Moore - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (1):19-36.
    The present paper examines three issues from the perspective of Skinner's radical behaviorism: the nature of mentalism, the relation between behaviorism and mentalism, and the nature of behavioristic objections to mentalism. Mentalism is characterized as a particular orientation to the explanation of behavior that entails an appeal to inner causes. Methodological and radical behaviorism are examined with respect to this definition, and methodological behaviorism is held to be mentalistic by virtue of its implicit appeal to mental (...)
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  20.  17
    Some Remarks on the Mentalistic Reformulation of the Measurement Problem: A Reply to S. Gao.Andrea Oldofredi - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):1-17.
    Gao presents a new mentalistic reformulation of the well-known measurement problem affecting the standard formulation of quantum mechanics. According to this author, it is essentially a determinate-experience problem, namely a problem about the compatibility between the linearity of the Schrödinger’s equation, the fundamental law of quantum theory, and definite experiences perceived by conscious observers. In this essay I aim to clarify that the well-known measurement problem is a mathematical consequence of quantum theory’s formalism, and that its mentalistic variant does not (...)
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  21.  53
    Verbal Behaviorism and Theoretical Mentalism: An Assessment of Marras-Sellars Dialogue.William A. Rottschaefer - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-534.
    Sellars’ verbal behaviorism demands that linguistic episodes be conceptual in an underivative sense and his theoretical mentalism that thoughts as postulated theoretical entities be modelled on linguistic behaviors. Marras has contended that Sellars’ own methodology requires that semantic categories be theoretical. Thus linguistic behaviors can be conceptual in only a derivative sense. Further he claims that overt linguistic behaviors cannot serve as a model for all thought because thought is primarily symbolic. I support verbal behaviorism by showing that semantic (...)
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  22.  99
    Turnabout on Consciousness: A Mentalist View.Roger W. Sperry - 1992 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 13 (3):259-80.
    Conceptual foundations for the changeover from behaviorism to mentalism are reviewed in an effort to better clarify frequently contested and misinterpreted features. The new mentalist tenets which I continue to support have been differently conceived to be a form of dualism, mind-brain identity theory, functionalism, nonreductive physical monism, dualist interactionism, emergent interactionism, and various other things. This diversity and contradiction are attributed to the fact that the new mentalist paradigm is a distinctly new position that fails to fit traditional (...)
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  23.  57
    A Non-Mentalistic Cause-Based Heuristic in Human Social Evaluations.Marine Buon, Pierre Jacob, Elsa Loissel & Emmanuel Dupoux - 2013 - Cognition 126 (2):149-155.
  24.  43
    Expressivism Without Mentalism in Meta-Ontology.Mirco Sambrotta & Pedro Antonio García Jorge - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (5):781-800.
    ABSTRACTCarnap famously argued that there are two kinds of questions and claims concerning the existence or reality of entities: internal and external ones. We focus on Carnapian external ontological claims of the form: ‘Xs really exist’, where ‘X’ stands for some traditional metaphysical category, such as ‘substance’, ‘fact’ or ‘structure’. While Carnap considered them as meaningless, we consider them as faultlessly meaningful. However, in line with an expressivist guise, we do not claim that they have the meaning they have in (...)
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  25.  28
    Demotivating Intentional Mentalism.Joachim Lipski - 2017 - Theoria 83 (4):298-318.
    Intentional Mentalism is the view that mental intentionality is primary to non-mental intentionality and that the latter is derived from the former. In this article I examine three views which have been taken to motivate Intentional Mentalism: conventionalism as invoked by Searle, Gricean pragmatism, and the language of thought hypothesis. I argue that none of these views motivates Intentional Mentalism, and that, in fact, the former two imply its rejection.
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  26.  32
    On Chomskyan Mentalism: A Reply to Peter Slezak.Rudolf P. Botha - 1982 - Synthese 53 (1):123 - 141.
    Introducing his paper, Slezak (p. 428) proposes “to examine Botha's criticisms in detail with a view to demonstrating that they are without foundation and are based on the most fundamental misunderstandings”. Concluding his paper, Slezak (p. 439) expresses the hope that he has shown “that the conceptions on which these criticisms rest are so seriously flawed as to make it unprofitable to attempt to unravel the rest of his analysis”. These formulations, by all standards, represent rather strong rhetoric. But, as (...)
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  27.  37
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism. [REVIEW]Harold T. Hodes - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (8):456-464.
  28.  37
    Meaning and Mentalism / Značenje i mentalizam (Bosnian translation by Nijaz Ibrulj).Nijaz Ibrulj & Hilary Putnam - 2021 - Sophos 1 (14):193-212.
    Essay “Meaning and Mentalism” is translated from Hilary Putnam’s book: Represen tation and Reality. Chapter 1. Meaning and Mentalism. The MIT Press, 1998. pp.1-18.
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  29.  26
    Mentalism-Cum-Physicalism Vs Eliminative Materialism.P. F. O’Gorman - 1989 - Irish Philosophical Journal 6 (1):133-147.
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  30.  8
    Mentalistic Explanation and Mental Causation.Sanford C. Goldberg - 2002 - Manuscrito 25 (3):199-216.
    In this paper I present an internal difficulty for the hypothesis that mentalistic explanation is causal explanation. My thesis is that intuitively acceptable mentalistic explanations appear to violate constraints imposed by the mental causation hypothesis.
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  31.  65
    The Essence of Mentalistic Agents.Shaun Nichols - 2017 - Synthese 194 (3):809-825.
    Over the last several decades, there has been a wealth of illuminating work on processes implicated in social cognition. Much less has been done in articulating how we learn the contours of particular concepts deployed in social cognition, like the concept MENTALISTIC AGENT. Recent developments in learning theory afford new tools for approaching these questions. In this article, I describe some rudimentary ways in which learning theoretic considerations can illuminate philosophically important aspects of the MENTALISTIC AGENT concept. I maintain that (...)
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  32.  2
    Mentalism and Modal Logic: A Study in the Relations Between Logical and Metaphysical Systems.Moshe Kroy - 1976 - Athenaion.
  33. On Mentalism, Methodological Behaviorism, and Radical Behaviorism.Jay Moore - 1981 - Behaviorism 9 (1):55-77.
     
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  34.  19
    How to Supplement Mentalist Evidentialism: What Are the Fundamental Epistemological Principles?Philipp Berghofer - 2022 - Wiley: Theoria 88 (3):679-700.
    Theoria, Volume 88, Issue 3, Page 679-700, June 2022.
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  35.  17
    Idealism, Mentalistic and "Speculative".Jared S. Moore - 1934 - Journal of Philosophy 31 (7):184-185.
  36. Mind-Brain Interaction: Mentalism Yes, Dualism No.Roger W. Sperry - 1980 - Neuroscience 5 (2):195-206.
  37.  20
    Mentalistic Problems in Cicourel's Cognitive Sociology.Bruce N. Waller - 1982 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 12 (2):177–200.
  38. A Mentalistic View of Conscious Unity and Dissociation.De Dulany - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S41 - S42.
  39.  1
    Normative Reasons for Mentalism.Eva Schmidt - 2018 - In Christos Kyriacou & Robin McKenna (eds.), Metaepistemology: Realism and Anti-Realism. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 97-120.
    The aim of this paper is to connect the traditional epistemological issue of justification with what one might call the “new reasons paradigm” coming from the philosophy of action and metaethics. More specifically, I will show that Conee and Feldman’s mentalism, a version of internalism about justification, can profitably be spelled out in terms of subjective normative reasons. On the way to achieving this aim, I will argue that it is important to ask not just the oft-discussed ontological question (...)
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  40. In Favor of Mentalism in Economics: A Conversation with Christian List.Christian List & Catherine Herfeld - forthcoming - In Catherine Herfeld (ed.), Conversations on Rational Choice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This is an edited transcript of a conversation to be included in the collection "Conversations on Rational Choice". The conversation was conducted in Munich on 7 and 9 February 2016.
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  41.  36
    Mentalist Monism: Consciousness as a Causal Emergent of Brain Processes.Roger Sperry - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):365-367.
  42.  16
    Mentalism Vs._ Physicalism? [Review of Torin Alter and Yujin Nagasawa, Eds., _Consciousness in the Physical World: Perspectives on Russellian Monism].Chad Trainer - 2017 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 37 (2).
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  43.  17
    A Mentalistic View of “Pain and Behavior”.H. Merskey - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):68-68.
  44.  34
    Smithies’s Mentalism and E = K.Alex Byrne - 2022 - Analysis 81 (4):774-782.
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  45.  25
    Mentalism and the" as-yet Unexplained": A Reply to Killeen.Steven C. Hayes & Aaron J. Brownstein - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):151-154.
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  46.  8
    How to Supplement Mentalist Evidentialism: What Are the Fundamental Epistemological Principles?Philipp Berghofer - 2022 - Wiley: Theoria 88 (3):679-700.
    Theoria, Volume 88, Issue 3, Page 679-700, June 2022.
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  47.  14
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (1):176-178.
    In a strictly deterministic universe a Laplacian superman undertakes to predict if a certain ongoing Turing machine will ever halt. Well, he may predict that the machine will be struck by lightning tomorrow but Judson Webb invites us to "idealize" the case sufficiently so that it is not any lack of physical knowledge that stymies the Laplacian superman but rather the negative result of Turing's metamathematical or formal "indeterminacy" that suggests to Webb a the-Turing machines are thus seen to enjoy (...)
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  48.  97
    Conservatism, Preservationism, Conservationism and Mentalism.J. Comesana - 2011 - Analysis 71 (3):489-492.
  49. Behaviorism and Mentalism: Is There a Third Alternative?Beth Preston - 1994 - Synthese 100 (2):167-96.
    Behaviorism and mentalism are commonly considered to be mutually exclusive and conjunctively exhaustive options for the psychological explanation of behavior. Behaviorism and mentalism do differ in their characterization of inner causes of behavior. However, I argue that they are not mutually exclusive on the grounds that they share important foundational assumptions, two of which are the notion of an innerouter split and the notion of control. I go on to argue that mentalism and behaviorism are not conjunctively (...)
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  50.  13
    Mentalism and Beyond in Buddhist Philosophy.Herbert V. Guenther - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (3):297-304.
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