Results for 'mentalism'

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  1. Mentalism Versus Behaviourism in Economics: A Philosophy-of-Science Perspective.Franz Dietrich & Christian List - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (2):249-281.
    Behaviourism is the view that preferences, beliefs, and other mental states in social-scientific theories are nothing but constructs re-describing people's behaviour. Mentalism is the view that they capture real phenomena, on a par with the unobservables in science, such as electrons and electromagnetic fields. While behaviourism has gone out of fashion in psychology, it remains influential in economics, especially in ‘revealed preference’ theory. We defend mentalism in economics, construed as a positive science, and show that it fits best (...)
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  2. Mentalism and Epistemic Transparency.Declan Smithies - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):723-741.
    Questions about the transparency of evidence are central to debates between factive and non-factive versions of mentalism about evidence. If all evidence is transparent, then factive mentalism is false, since no factive mental states are transparent. However, Timothy Williamson has argued that transparency is a myth and that no conditions are transparent except trivial ones. This paper responds by drawing a distinction between doxastic and epistemic notions of transparency. Williamson's argument may show that no conditions are doxastically transparent, (...)
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  3.  24
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.Judson Webb - 1980 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  4.  74
    Mentalism is Not Epistemic Ur-Internalism.Evan Butts - 2012 - Philosophical Explorations 15 (2):233 - 249.
    Earl Conee and Richard Feldman claim that mentalism identifies the core of internalist epistemology. This is what I call identifying ur-internalism. Their version of ur-internalism differs from the traditional one ? viz., accessibilism ? by not imposing requirements stipulating that subjects must have reflective access to facts which justify their beliefs for these beliefs to be justified. Instead, justification simply supervenes on the mental lives of subjects. I argue that mentalism fails to establish itself as ur-internalism by demonstrating (...)
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  5. Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification).Todd R. Long - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (2):251-266.
    Michael Bergmann seeks to motivate his externalist, proper function theory of epistemic justification by providing three objections to the mentalism and mentalist evidentialism characteristic of nonexternalists such as Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. Bergmann argues that (i) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that justification depends on mental states; (ii) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that the epistemic fittingness of an epistemic input to a belief-forming process must be due to an essential feature of (...)
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  6.  30
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.Stewart Shapiro - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (2):472.
  7.  89
    A Mentalist Framework for Linguistic and Extralinguistic Communication.Bruno G. Bara & Maurizio Tirassa - 2010 - Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 9:182-193.
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  8.  14
    Should Mentalistic Concepts Be Defended or Assumed?E. W. Menzel & Garcia K. Johnson - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):586-587.
  9.  40
    Against Mentalism in Teleology.Mark A. Bedau - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (1):61 - 70.
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  10. Evidentialism, Time-Slice Mentalism, and Dreamless Sleep.Andrew Moon - 2018 - In McCain Kevin (ed.), Believing in Accordance With the Evidence: New Essays on Evidentialism. Springer Verlag.
    I argue that the following theses are both popular among evidentialists but also jointly inconsistent with evidentialism: 1) Time-Slice Mentalism: one’s justificational properties at t are grounded only by one’s mental properties at t; 2) Experience Ultimacy: all ultimate evidence is experiential; and 3) Sleep Justification: we have justified beliefs while we have dreamless, nonexperiential sleep. Although I intend for this paper to be a polemic against evidentialists, it can also be viewed as an opportunity for them to clarify (...)
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  11.  12
    Mechanism, Mentalism, and Metamathematics.Christopher S. Hill & Judson C. Webb - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):276.
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  12.  62
    Behaviourism, Mentalism, and Quine's Indeterminacy Thesis.Harry Beatty - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (2):97 - 110.
  13.  62
    The Recognition of Mentalistic Agents in Infancy.Susan C. Johnson - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):22-28.
  14.  28
    On Mentalism, Privacy, and Behaviorism.Jay Moore - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (1):19-36.
    The present paper examines three issues from the perspective of Skinner's radical behaviorism: the nature of mentalism, the relation between behaviorism and mentalism, and the nature of behavioristic objections to mentalism. Mentalism is characterized as a particular orientation to the explanation of behavior that entails an appeal to inner causes. Methodological and radical behaviorism are examined with respect to this definition, and methodological behaviorism is held to be mentalistic by virtue of its implicit appeal to mental (...)
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  15.  5
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.Judson Webb - 1981 - Noûs 15 (4):559-566.
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  16.  64
    The Essence of Mentalistic Agents.Shaun Nichols - 2017 - Synthese 194 (3):809-825.
    Over the last several decades, there has been a wealth of illuminating work on processes implicated in social cognition. Much less has been done in articulating how we learn the contours of particular concepts deployed in social cognition, like the concept MENTALISTIC AGENT. Recent developments in learning theory afford new tools for approaching these questions. In this article, I describe some rudimentary ways in which learning theoretic considerations can illuminate philosophically important aspects of the MENTALISTIC AGENT concept. I maintain that (...)
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  17.  53
    Verbal Behaviorism and Theoretical Mentalism: An Assessment of Marras-Sellars Dialogue.William A. Rottschaefer - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-534.
    Sellars’ verbal behaviorism demands that linguistic episodes be conceptual in an underivative sense and his theoretical mentalism that thoughts as postulated theoretical entities be modelled on linguistic behaviors. Marras has contended that Sellars’ own methodology requires that semantic categories be theoretical. Thus linguistic behaviors can be conceptual in only a derivative sense. Further he claims that overt linguistic behaviors cannot serve as a model for all thought because thought is primarily symbolic. I support verbal behaviorism by showing that semantic (...)
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  18.  97
    Turnabout on Consciousness: A Mentalist View.Roger W. Sperry - 1992 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 13 (3):259-80.
    Conceptual foundations for the changeover from behaviorism to mentalism are reviewed in an effort to better clarify frequently contested and misinterpreted features. The new mentalist tenets which I continue to support have been differently conceived to be a form of dualism, mind-brain identity theory, functionalism, nonreductive physical monism, dualist interactionism, emergent interactionism, and various other things. This diversity and contradiction are attributed to the fact that the new mentalist paradigm is a distinctly new position that fails to fit traditional (...)
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  19.  55
    A Non-Mentalistic Cause-Based Heuristic in Human Social Evaluations.Marine Buon, Pierre Jacob, Elsa Loissel & Emmanuel Dupoux - 2013 - Cognition 126 (2):149-155.
  20.  29
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.Harold T. Hodes - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (8):456-464.
  21.  32
    On Chomskyan Mentalism: A Reply to Peter Slezak.Rudolf P. Botha - 1982 - Synthese 53 (1):123 - 141.
    Introducing his paper, Slezak (p. 428) proposes “to examine Botha's criticisms in detail with a view to demonstrating that they are without foundation and are based on the most fundamental misunderstandings”. Concluding his paper, Slezak (p. 439) expresses the hope that he has shown “that the conceptions on which these criticisms rest are so seriously flawed as to make it unprofitable to attempt to unravel the rest of his analysis”. These formulations, by all standards, represent rather strong rhetoric. But, as (...)
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  22. On Mentalism, Methodological Behaviorism, and Radical Behaviorism.Jay Moore - 1981 - Behaviorism 9 (1):55-77.
     
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  23.  19
    Mentalistic Problems in Cicourel's Cognitive Sociology.Bruce N. Waller - 1982 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 12 (2):177–200.
  24. Behaviorism and Mentalism: Is There a Third Alternative?Beth Preston - 1994 - Synthese 100 (2):167-96.
    Behaviorism and mentalism are commonly considered to be mutually exclusive and conjunctively exhaustive options for the psychological explanation of behavior. Behaviorism and mentalism do differ in their characterization of inner causes of behavior. However, I argue that they are not mutually exclusive on the grounds that they share important foundational assumptions, two of which are the notion of an innerouter split and the notion of control. I go on to argue that mentalism and behaviorism are not conjunctively (...)
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  25. Mind-Brain Interaction: Mentalism Yes, Dualism No.Roger W. Sperry - 1980 - Neuroscience 5 (2):195-206.
  26.  96
    Conservatism, Preservationism, Conservationism and Mentalism.J. Comesana - 2011 - Analysis 71 (3):489-492.
  27.  36
    Mentalist Monism: Consciousness as a Causal Emergent of Brain Processes.Roger Sperry - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):365-367.
  28.  13
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism.B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (1):176-178.
    In a strictly deterministic universe a Laplacian superman undertakes to predict if a certain ongoing Turing machine will ever halt. Well, he may predict that the machine will be struck by lightning tomorrow but Judson Webb invites us to "idealize" the case sufficiently so that it is not any lack of physical knowledge that stymies the Laplacian superman but rather the negative result of Turing's metamathematical or formal "indeterminacy" that suggests to Webb a the-Turing machines are thus seen to enjoy (...)
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  29.  13
    Mentalism and Beyond in Buddhist Philosophy.Herbert V. Guenther - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (3):297-304.
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  30. The Death of Whole-Brain Death: The Plague of the Disaggregators, Somaticists, and Mentalists.Robert Veatch - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (4):353 – 378.
    In its October 2001 issue, this journal published a series of articles questioning the Whole-Brain-based definition of death. Much of the concern focused on whether somatic integration - a commonly understood basis for the whole-brain death view - can survive the brain's death. The present article accepts that there are insurmountable problems with whole-brain death views, but challenges the assumption that loss of somatic integration is the proper basis for pronouncing death. It examines three major themes. First, it accepts the (...)
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  31. A Mentalist View of Consciousness.Roger W. Sperry - 1993 - Social Neuroscience Bulletin 6 (2):15-19.
  32.  19
    The New Mentalism and the Mind.Deryl J. Howard - 1986 - International Philosophical Quarterly 26 (4):353-357.
  33.  4
    Verbal Behaviorism and Theoretical Mentalism: An Assessment of the Marras-Sellers Dialogue.William A. Rottschaefer - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-533.
    Sellars’ verbal behaviorism demands that linguistic episodes be conceptual in an underivative sense and his theoretical mentalism that thoughts as postulated theoretical entities be modelled on linguistic behaviors. Marras has contended that Sellars’ own methodology requires that semantic categories be theoretical. Thus linguistic behaviors can be conceptual in only a derivative sense. Further he claims that overt linguistic behaviors cannot serve as a model for all thought because thought is primarily symbolic. I support verbal behaviorism by showing that semantic (...)
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  34. The Demon That Makes Us Go Mental: Mentalism Defended.Jonathan Egeland - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (12):3141-3158.
    Facts about justification are not brute facts. They are epistemic facts that depend upon more fundamental non-epistemic facts. Internalists about justification often argue for mentalism, which claims that facts about justification supervene upon one’s non-factive mental states, using Lehrer and Cohen’s :191–207, 1983) New Evil Demon Problem. The New Evil Demon Problem tells you to imagine yourself the victim of a Cartesian demon who deceives you about what the external world is like, and then asks whether you nevertheless have (...)
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  35.  26
    In Defense Of Mentalism: A Critical Review Of The Philosophy Of Mind.RENÉ MARRES - 1989 - Amsterdam: Rodopi.
    INTRODUCTION The philosophy of mind was once practiced under the description ' doctrine of the soul.' The word 'soul' is no longer much used in philosophy ...
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  36.  55
    Mentalism, Information, and Consciousness.Richard A. Carlson - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):333-333.
    The target article addresses important empirical issues, but adopts a nonanalytic stance toward consciousness and presents the mentalistic view as a very radical position that rules out informational description of anything other than conscious mental states. A better mentalistic strategy is to show how the structure of some informational states is both constitutive of consciousness and necessary for psychological functions.
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  37.  12
    Entre Logique Mentaliste Et Métaphysique Conceptualiste : La Distinctio Rationis Ratiocinantis.Sven K. Knebel - 2002 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 61 (2):145.
    La distinction entre la distinctio rationis ratiocinatae et la distinctio rationis ratiocinantis n’est aucunement une spécialité scotiste, mais bien un héritage scolastique commun depuis le XVIe. La controverse portait sur la manière dont la distinctio rationis ratiocinantis s’appliquait à la proposition « A=A ». Sur ce point, la pensée de Mastri constitue un tournant dans l’histoire du scotisme, dans la mesure où il n’instrumentalise plus la distinctio rationis ratiocinantis pour la logique mentaliste, mais au contraire la transforme en une doctrine (...)
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  38.  18
    Mentalistic Metatheory and Strategies.Donelson E. Dulany - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):337-338.
    Mentalism (Dulany 1991; 1997) provides a metatheoretical alternative to the dominant cognitive view. This commentary briefly outlines its main propositions and what I see as strategies for its use and support at this stage. These propositions represent conscious states as the sole carriers of symbolic representations, and mental episodes as consisting exclusively of conscious states interrelated by nonconscious operations.
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  39.  52
    On the Long Road to Mentalism in Children’s Spontaneous False-Belief Understanding: Are We There Yet?Jason Low & Bo Wang - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):411-428.
    We review recent anticipatory looking and violation-of-expectancy studies suggesting that infants and young preschoolers have spontaneous (implicit) understanding of mind despite their known problems until later in life on elicited (explicit) tests of false-belief reasoning. Straightforwardly differentiating spontaneous and elicited expressions of complex mental state understanding in relation to an implicit-explicit knowledge framework may be challenging; early action predictions may be based on behavior rules that are complementary to the mentalistic attributions under consideration. We discuss that the way forward for (...)
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  40.  11
    How Children’s Mentalistic Theory Widens Their Conception of Pictorial Possibilities.Gabriella M. Gilli, Simona Ruggi, Monica Gatti & Norman H. Freeman - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  41.  26
    Mentalism-Cum-Physicalism Vs Eliminative Materialism.P. F. O’Gorman - 1989 - Irish Philosophical Journal 6 (1):133-147.
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  42.  39
    Against Naive Mentalism.Hugh T. Wilder - 1991 - Metaphilosophy (October) 281 (October):281-291.
  43.  7
    Mentalistic Explanation and Mental Causation.Sanford C. Goldberg - 2002 - Manuscrito 25 (3):199-216.
    In this paper I present an internal difficulty for the hypothesis that mentalistic explanation is causal explanation. My thesis is that intuitively acceptable mentalistic explanations appear to violate constraints imposed by the mental causation hypothesis.
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  44. Mentalism and Modal Logic: A Study in the Relations Between Logical and Metaphysical Systems.Moshe Kroy - 1976 - Athenaion.
  45.  18
    Book Review. Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics. J Webb. [REVIEW]Harold T. Hodes - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (8):456-64.
  46.  17
    Idealism, Mentalistic and "Speculative".Jared S. Moore - 1934 - Journal of Philosophy 31 (7):184-185.
  47.  24
    The New Mentalist Paradigm and Ultimate Concern.Roger Sperry - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (3):413-422.
  48.  45
    On the Nature and Systematic Role of Evidence: Husserl as a Proponent of Mentalist Evidentialism?Philipp Berghofer - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):98-117.
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  49.  1
    Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics: An Essay on Finitism. [REVIEW]B. J. - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (1):176-178.
    In a strictly deterministic universe a Laplacian superman undertakes to predict if a certain ongoing Turing machine will ever halt. Well, he may predict that the machine will be struck by lightning tomorrow but Judson Webb invites us to "idealize" the case sufficiently so that it is not any lack of physical knowledge that stymies the Laplacian superman but rather the negative result of Turing's metamathematical or formal "indeterminacy" that suggests to Webb a the-Turing machines are thus seen to enjoy (...)
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  50.  27
    Demotivating Intentional Mentalism.Joachim Lipski - 2017 - Theoria 83 (4):298-318.
    Intentional Mentalism is the view that mental intentionality is primary to non-mental intentionality and that the latter is derived from the former. In this article I examine three views which have been taken to motivate Intentional Mentalism: conventionalism as invoked by Searle, Gricean pragmatism, and the language of thought hypothesis. I argue that none of these views motivates Intentional Mentalism, and that, in fact, the former two imply its rejection.
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