Results for 'metalogic of reference'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. The Idea of a Metalogic of Reference.Steven James Bartlett - 1976 - Methodology and Science: Interdisciplinary Journal for the Empirical Study of the Foundations of Science and Their Methodology 9 (3):85-92.
    This paper sought to state in a concise and comparatively informal, unsystematic, and more accessible form the more technical approach the author developed during a research fellowship in 1974-75 at the Max-Planck-Institut in Starnberg, Germany. The ideas presented in this paper are more fully developed in later publications by the author which are listed in the two-page addendum to this paper.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  2. Vergauwen, R., A Metalogical Theory of Reference[REVIEW]J. P. Van Bendegem - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (2):350.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  33
    Self-Reference: Reflections on Reflexivity.Steven James Bartlett & Peter Suber (eds.) - 1987 - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    From the Editor’s Introduction: -/- THE INTERNAL LIMITATIONS OF HUMAN UNDERSTANDING -/- We carry, unavoidably, the limits of our understanding with us. We are perpetually confined within the horizons of our conceptual structure. When this structure grows or expands, the breadth of our comprehensions enlarges, but we are forever barred from the wished-for glimpse beyond its boundaries, no matter how hard we try, no matter how much credence we invest in the substance of our learning and mist of speculation. -/- (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  4. CRITIQUE OF IMPURE REASON: Horizons of Possibility and Meaning.Steven James Bartlett - 2021 - Salem, USA: Studies in Theory and Behavior.
    PLEASE NOTE: This is the corrected 2nd eBook edition, 2021.¶¶ _Critique of Impure Reason_ has now also been published in a printed edition. To reduce the otherwise high price of this scholarly, technical book of nearly 900 pages and make it more widely available beyond university libraries to individual readers, the non-profit publisher and the author have agreed to issue the printed edition at cost.¶¶ The printed edition was released on September 1, 2021 and is now available through all booksellers, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Referential Consistency as a a Criterion of Meaning.Steven James Bartlett - 1982 - Synthese 52 (2):267 - 282.
    NOTE TO THE READER - October, 2020¶¶ After a long period of time devoted to research in other areas, the author has returned to the subject of this paper in a book-length study, CRITIQUE OF IMPURE REASON: Horizons of Possibility and Meaning, which has been published as an open access eBook by Studies in Theory and Behavior in August, 2020. In this book (Chapter 11, “The Metalogic of Meaning”), the position developed in the 1982 paper that follows is substantively (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  6. Phenomenology of the Implicit.Steven Bartlett - 1975 - Dialectica 29 (2‐3):173-188.
    This paper marks a juncture between the author’s studies in phenomenology and the transition he made to a study of what he has called a “metalogic of reference.” Published in 1974 in Polish translation, followed by its publication in English in 1975, “Phenomenology of the Implicit” describes the author’s “translation schema” that permits certain of the central goals of Husserlian transcendental philosophy to be transposed to a framework that studies the preconditions of valid reference. The result of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  70
    Mathematics and Metalogic.Daniel Bonevac - 1984 - The Monist 67 (1):56-71.
    In this paper I shall attempt to outline a nominalistic theory of mathematical truth. I call my theory nominalistic because it avoids a real (see [4]) ontological commitment to abstract entities. Traditionally, nominalists have found it difficult to justify any reference to infinite collections in mathematics. Even those who have tried to do so have typically restricted themselves to predicative and, thus, denumerable realms. I Indeed, many have linked impredicative definitions to platonism; nominalists have tended to agree with Weyl (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Reflexivity: A Source-Book in Self-Reference.Steven James Bartlett (ed.) - 1992 - Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..
    From the Editor’s Introduction: "The Internal Limitations of Human Understanding." We carry, unavoidably, the limits of our understanding with us. We are perpetually confined within the horizons of our conceptual structure. When this structure grows or expands, the breadth of our comprehensions enlarges, but we are forever barred from the wished-for glimpse beyond its boundaries, no matter how hard we try, no matter how much credence we invest in the substance of our learning and mist of speculation. -/- The limitations (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9.  15
    Points of View, Social Positioning and Intercultural Relations.Gordon Sammut & George Gaskell - 2010 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 40 (1):47-64.
    The challenge of intercultural relations has become an important issue in many societies. In spite of the claimed value of intercultural diversity, successful outcomes as predicted by the contact hypothesis are but one possibility; on occasions intercultural contact leads to intolerance and hostility. Research has documented that one key mediator of contact is perspective taking. Differences in perspective are significant in shaping perceptions of contact and reactions to it. The ability to take the perspective of the other and to understand (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10. Theories of Reference: What Was the Question?Panu Raatikainen - 2020 - In Andrea Bianchi (ed.), Language and Reality From a Naturalistic Perspective: Themes From Michael Devitt. Springer. pp. 69–103.
    The new theory of reference has won popularity. However, a number of noted philosophers have also attempted to reply to the critical arguments of Kripke and others, and aimed to vindicate the description theory of reference. Such responses are often based on ingenious novel kinds of descriptions, such as rigidified descriptions, causal descriptions, and metalinguistic descriptions. This prolonged debate raises the doubt whether different parties really have any shared understanding of what the central question of the philosophical theory (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  11. The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
    Covering the work of Frege, Russell, and more recent work on singular reference, this important book examines the concepts of perceptually-based demonstrative identification, thought about oneself, and recognition-based demonstrative identification.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1681 citations  
  12.  72
    The Metalogic of Quantum Logic.Peter Mittelstaedt - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:249 - 256.
    The logic of quantum physical propositions can be established by means of dialogs which take account of the general incommensurability of these propositions. Investigated first are meta-propositions which state the formal truth of object-propositions. It turns out that the logic of these meta-propositions is equivalent to ordinary logic. A special class of meta-propositions which state the material truth of object-propositions may be considered as quantum logical modalities. It is found that the logic of these modalities contains all the quantum logical (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  31
    Metalogic of Intuitionistic Propositional Calculus.Alex Citkin - 2010 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (4):485-502.
    With each superintuitionistic propositional logic L with a disjunction property we associate a set of modal logics the assertoric fragment of which is L . Each formula of these modal logics is interdeducible with a formula representing a set of rules admissible in L . The smallest of these logics contains only formulas representing derivable in L rules while the greatest one contains formulas corresponding to all admissible in L rules. The algebraic semantic for these logics is described.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Theories of Reference and Experimental Philosophy.James Genone - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (2):152-163.
    In recent years, experimental philosophers have questioned the reliance of philosophical arguments on intuitions elicited by thought experiments. These challenges seek to undermine the use of this methodology for a particular domain of theorizing, and in some cases to raise doubts about the viability of philosophical work in the domain in question. The topic of semantic reference has been an important area for discussion of these issues, one in which critics of the reliance on intuitions have made particularly strong (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  15. Theory Dualism and the Metalogic of Mind-Body Problems.T. Parent - 2015 - In Christopher Daly (ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods. Palgrave. pp. 497-526.
    The paper defends the philosophical method of "regimentation" by example, especially in relation to the theory of mind. The starting point is the Place-Smart after-image argument: A green after-image will not be located outside the skull, but if we cracked open your skull, we won't find anything green in there either. (If we did, you'd have some disturbing medical news.) So the after-image seems not to be in physical space, suggesting that it is non-physical. In response, I argue that the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  28
    Puzzles Of Reference.Herman Cappelen & Josh Dever - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    It is a fundamental feature of language that words refer to things. Much attention has been devoted to the nature of reference, both in philosophy and in linguistics. Puzzles of Reference is the first book to give a comprehensive accessible survey of the fascinating work on this topic from the 1970s to the present day. -/- Written by two eminent philosophers of language, Puzzles of Reference offers an up-to-date introduction to reference in philosophy and linguistics, summarizing (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  17. The Roots of Reference.W. V. Quine - 1974 - Lasalle, Ill., Open Court.
    Our only channel of information about the world is the impact of external forces on our sensory surfaces. So says science itself. There is no clairvoyance. How, then, can we have parlayed this meager sensory input into a full-blown scientific theory of the world? This is itself a scientific question. The pursuit of it, with free use of scientific theory, is what I call naturalized epistemology. The Roots of Reference falls within that domain. Its more specific concern, within that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   179 citations  
  18.  86
    Generation of Referring Expressions: Assessing the Incremental Algorithm.Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Ielka van der Sluis & Richard Power - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):799-836.
    A substantial amount of recent work in natural language generation has focused on the generation of ‘‘one-shot’’ referring expressions whose only aim is to identify a target referent. Dale and Reiter's Incremental Algorithm (IA) is often thought to be the best algorithm for maximizing the similarity to referring expressions produced by people. We test this hypothesis by eliciting referring expressions from human subjects and computing the similarity between the expressions elicited and the ones generated by algorithms. It turns out that (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  19. Fenomenologia tego, co implikowane.Steven James Bartlett - 1974 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 22 (1):73.
    [A Polish translation of Steven James Bartlett, “Phenomenology of the Implicit,” Dialectica: Revue international de philosophie de la connaissance, Vol. 29, Nos. 2-3, 1975, pp. 173-188.] -/- This paper marks a juncture between the author’s studies in phenomenology and the transition he made to a study of what he has called a “metalogic of reference.” Published in 1974 in Polish translation, followed by its publication in English in 1975, “Phenomenology of the Implicit” describes the author’s “translation schema” that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20. Theories of References and Truth.Stephen Leeds - 1978 - Erkenntnis 13 (1):111 - 129.
  21.  68
    The Varieties of Reference.Louise M. Antony - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (2):275.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1135 citations  
  22. Chains of Reference in Computer Simulations.Franck Varenne - 2013 - FMSH Working Papers 51:1-32.
    This paper proposes an extensionalist analysis of computer simulations (CSs). It puts the emphasis not on languages nor on models, but on symbols, on their extensions, and on their various ways of referring. It shows that chains of reference of symbols in CSs are multiple and of different kinds. As they are distinct and diverse, these chains enable different kinds of remoteness of reference and different kinds of validation for CSs. Although some methodological papers have already underlined the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23. The Edenic Theory of Reference.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (3):276-308.
    I argue for a theory of the optimal function of the speech act of referring, called the edenic theory. First, the act of singular reference is defined directly in terms of Gricean communicative intentions. Second, I propose a doxastic constraint on the optimal performance of such acts, stating, roughly, that the speaker must not have any relevant false beliefs about the identity or distinctness of the intended object. In uttering a singular term on an occasion, on this theory, one (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24. Theories of Reference and the Philosophy of Science.Panu Raatikainen - 2008
    It has sometimes been suggested that the so-called new theory of reference (NTR) would provide an alternative picture of meaning and reference which avoids the unwelcome consequences of the meaning-variance thesis and incommesurability. However, numerous philosophers of science have been quite critical towards the idea and NTR in general. It is argued that many of them have an over-simplified and, in part, mistaken understanding of what NTR amounts to. It is submitted that NTR, when correctly understood, can be (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  99
    Hegel’s Logic of Finitude.Rocío Zambrana - 2012 - Continental Philosophy Review 45 (2):213-233.
    In “Violence and Metaphysics” Jacques Derrida suggests that “the only effective position to take in order not to be enveloped by Hegel would seem to be…to consider false-infinity…irreducible.” Inversely, refuting the charge of logocentrism associated with Hegelian true infinity ( wahrhafte Unendlichkeit ) would involve showing that Hegel’s speculative logic does not establish the infinity of being exempt from the negativity of the finite. This paper takes up Derrida’s challenge, and argues that true infinity is crucial to Hegel’s understanding of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26.  22
    The Metalogic of Mathematical Logic.F. F. Centore - 1971 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 20:124-138.
    IT cannot be denied that metaphysics is an unpopular subject among many contemporary professional philosophers. Historically speaking, the reasons for this present-day phenomenon can be traced back to the rise and spread of philosophical Idealism over the past several hundred years. What is common to all Idealistic philosophers is the orientation adopted at the beginnings of their philosophical investigations: they attempt to unravel the mysteries of being by viewing being through ideas. Their prime concern becomes the analyses of terms and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  19
    Generation of Referring Expressions: Assessing the Incremental Algorithm.Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Ielka van der Sluis & Richard Power - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):799-836.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  28. The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans & John Mcdowell - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):534-538.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   230 citations  
  29. A Presuppositional Account of Reference Fixing.Manuel García-Carpintero - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (3):109-147.
    The paper defends a version of Direct Reference for indexicals on which reference-fixing material (token-reflexive conditions) plays the role of an ancillary presupposition.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  30. Toward a Computational Psycholinguistics of Reference Production.Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Roger P. G. van Gompel & Emiel Krahmer - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):166-183.
    This article introduces the topic ‘‘Production of Referring Expressions: Bridging the Gap between Computational and Empirical Approaches to Reference’’ of the journal Topics in Cognitive Science. We argue that computational and psycholinguistic approaches to reference production can benefit from closer interaction, and that this is likely to result in the construction of algorithms that differ markedly from the ones currently known in the computational literature. We focus particularly on determinism, the feature of existing algorithms that is perhaps most (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  31.  13
    Frames of Reference in Vision and Language: Where is Above?Laura A. Carlson-Radvansky & David E. Irwin - 1993 - Cognition 46 (3):223-244.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  32.  58
    Assignment of Reference to Reflexives and Pronouns in Picture Noun Phrases: Evidence From Eye Movements.Jeffrey T. Runner, Rachel S. Sussman & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2003 - Cognition 89 (1):B1-B13.
  33. A Deflationary Theory of Reference.Arvid Båve - 2009 - Synthese 169 (1):51 - 73.
    The article first rehearses three deflationary theories of reference, (1) disquotationalism, (2) propositionalism (Horwich), and (3) the anaphoric theory (Brandom), and raises a number of objections against them. It turns out that each corresponds to a closely related theory of truth, and that these are subject to analogous criticisms to a surprisingly high extent. I then present a theory of my own, according to which the schema “That S(t) is about t” and the biconditional “S refers to x iff (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  34.  33
    Three Ethical Frames of Reference: Insights Into Millennials' Ethical Judgements and Intentions in the Workplace.Barbara Culiberg & Katarina Katja Mihelič - 2016 - Business Ethics: A European Review 25 (1):94-111.
    The paper investigates the ethical decisions of Millennials, who are not only part of an expanding cohort of the workforce, but also represent potential future managers with a growing influence on work practices and employment relationships. In the conceptual model, we propose that three ethical frames of reference, represented by perceived organisational ethics, perceived employee ethics and reflective moral attentiveness, antecede ethical judgements, which further influence the ethical intentions of Millennials. Using structural equation modelling, we test the model for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  35.  49
    Visible Cohesion: A Comparison of Reference Tracking in Sign, Speech, and Co‐Speech Gesture.Pamela Perniss & Asli Özyürek - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (1):36-60.
    Establishing and maintaining reference is a crucial part of discourse. In spoken languages, differential linguistic devices mark referents occurring in different referential contexts, that is, introduction, maintenance, and re-introduction contexts. Speakers using gestures as well as users of sign languages have also been shown to mark referents differentially depending on the referential context. This article investigates the modality-specific contribution of the visual modality in marking referential context by providing a direct comparison between sign language and co-speech gesture with speech (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  36.  9
    Points of Reference and Individual Differences as Sources of Bias in Ethical Judgments.Brett A. Boyle, Robert F. Dahlstrom & James J. Kellaris - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (5):63-71.
    The authors demonstrate that ethical judgments can be biased when previous judgments serve as a point of reference against which a current situation is judged. Scenarios describing ethical or unethical sales practices were used in an experiment to prime subjects who subsequently rated the ethics of an ethically ambiguous target scenario. The target tended to be rated as more ethical by subjects primed with unethical scenarios, and less ethical by subjects primed with ethical scenarios. This "contrast effect," however, is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  37. The Inscrutability of Reference.Donald Davidson - 1979 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):7-19.
  38.  39
    The Roots of Reference.Gilbert Harman - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (13):388-396.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   92 citations  
  39. Frege, Hilbert, and the Conceptual Structure of Model Theory.William Demopoulos - 1994 - History and Philosophy of Logic 15 (2):211-225.
    This paper attempts to confine the preconceptions that prevented Frege from appreciating Hilbert?s Grundlagen der Geometrie to two: (i) Frege?s reliance on what, following Wilfrid Hodges, I call a Frege?Peano language, and (ii) Frege?s view that the sense of an expression wholly determines its reference.I argue that these two preconceptions prevented Frege from achieving the conceptual structure of model theory, whereas Hilbert, at least in his practice, was quite close to the model?theoretic point of view.Moreover, the issues that divided (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  40. The Basis of Reference.Stephen Schiffer - 1978 - Erkenntnis 13 (1):171--206.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   81 citations  
  41. Legal Disagreements and Theories of Reference.Genoveva Marti & Lorena Ramírez-Ludeña - 2016 - In Francesca Poggi (ed.), Pragmatics and Law. Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology. Springer. pp. 121-139.
    In this work we examine critically how two competing approaches to meaning account for disagreements. We will argue that Hart's conventionalist stance does not commit him to descriptivism. That non-descriptivist theories of reference, properly understood, can account for a vast array of cases of interpretive disagreement and that and that an account of different kinds of disagreement can be provided from a conventionalist perspective within the framework of non-descriptivist theories of reference.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  19
    Routes of Reference.Nelson Goodman - 1981 - Critical Inquiry 8 (1):121-132.
    Yet while all features of reality are dependent upon discourse, are there perhaps some features of discourse that are independent of reality the differences, for example, between the ways two discourses may say exactly the same thing? The old and ugly notion of synonomy rattles a warning here: Can there ever be two different discourses that say exactly the same thing in different ways, or does every difference between discourses make a difference in what is said? Luckily, we can pass (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  43.  97
    Utility-Based Generation of Referring Expressions.Markus Guhe - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):306-329.
    This paper presents two cognitive models that simulate the production of referring expressions in the iMAP task—a task-oriented dialog. One general model is based on Dale and Reiter’s (1995)incremental algorithm, and the other is a simple template model that has a higher correlation with the data but is specifically geared toward the properties of the iMAP task. The property of the iMAP task environment that is modeled here is that the color feature is unreliable for identifying referents while other features (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  44. Computational Generation of Referring Expressions: A Survey.Emiel Krahmer & Kees van Deemter - unknown
    This article offers a survey of computational research on referring expressions generation (REG). It introduces the REG problem and describes early work in this area, discussing what basic assumptions lie behind it, and showing how its remit has widened in recent years. We discuss computational frameworks underlying REG, and demonstrate a recent trend that seeks to link up REG algorithms with well-established Knowledge Representation traditions. Considerable attention is given to recent efforts at evaluating REG algorithms and the lessons that they (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  45. Refining the Causal Theory of Reference for Natural Kind Terms.P. Kyle Stanford & Philip Kitcher - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 97 (1):97-127.
  46. Structure and Categoricity: Determinacy of Reference and Truth Value in the Philosophy of Mathematics.Tim Button & Sean Walsh - 2016 - Philosophia Mathematica 24 (3):283-307.
    This article surveys recent literature by Parsons, McGee, Shapiro and others on the significance of categoricity arguments in the philosophy of mathematics. After discussing whether categoricity arguments are sufficient to secure reference to mathematical structures up to isomorphism, we assess what exactly is achieved by recent ‘internal’ renditions of the famous categoricity arguments for arithmetic and set theory.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  47.  45
    Ways of Reference to Meinongian Objects. Ontological Commitments of Meinongian Theories.Jacek Paśniczek - 1994 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 2 (5):69-86.
    A. Meinong’s views are usually associated with an highly inflated ontology including various kinds of nonexistent objects, incomplete and impossible ones among others. Around the turn of the century B. Russell strongly criticised this ontology accusing it of inconsistency. And perhaps because of this criticism Meinong’s views have been forgotten for a long time. Only recently some philosophers have created theories of objects which are formalisations of Meinong’s ontology or which are directly inspired by the ontology 1 . However there (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  48. Sense and the Computation of Reference.Reinhard Muskens - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (4):473 - 504.
    The paper shows how ideas that explain the sense of an expression as a method or algorithm for finding its reference, preshadowed in Frege’s dictum that sense is the way in which a referent is given, can be formalized on the basis of the ideas in Thomason (1980). To this end, the function that sends propositions to truth values or sets of possible worlds in Thomason (1980) must be replaced by a relation and the meaning postulates governing the behaviour (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  49. Applying the Causal Theory of Reference to Intentional Concepts.John Michael & Miles MacLeod - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (2):212-230.
    We argue that many recent philosophical discussions about the reference of everyday concepts of intentional states have implicitly been predicated on descriptive theories of reference. To rectify this, we attempt to demonstrate how a causal theory can be applied to intentional concepts. Specifically, we argue that some phenomena in early social de- velopment ðe.g., mimicry, gaze following, and emotional contagionÞ can serve as refer- ence fixers that enable children to track others’ intentional states and, thus, to refer to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50. Free Choice: A Self-Referential Argument - Book Review. [REVIEW]Steven James Bartlett - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics (4):738-740.
    A book review of _Free Choice: A Self-referential Argument_ by J. M. Boyle, Jr., G. Grisez, and O. Tollefsen. The review concerns the pragmatical self-referential argument employed in the book, and points to the fact that the argument is itself self-referentially inconsistent, but on the level of metalogical self-reference.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000